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NEWS STREAM

Palestinian Bid for Statehood; Interview With Hanan Ashrawi; Facebook's Redesign; NASA Satellite To Crash Friday; South Africa 87- Namibia 0

Aired September 22, 2011 - 08:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: Welcome to NEWS STREAM, where news and technology meet.

I'm Kristie Lu Stout, in Hong Kong.

And we begin at the United Nations and the diplomatic standoff over the Palestinian push for full membership.

Also, Japan recovers from a powerful typhoon.

And Facebook gets yet another unpopular facelift.

Sticking out their positions on the world stage, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas is pushing ahead with Friday's planned request for full United Nations membership. Meanwhile, French President Nicolas Sarkozy is calling for enhanced U.N. observer status for the Palestinians, while warning of the dangers of any U.S. veto. But Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the U.S. president, Barack Obama, say getting stalled peace talks back on track is the first priority and first step to a Palestinian state, not U.N. declarations.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Peace will not come through statements and resolutions at the United Nations. If it were that easy, it would have been accomplished by now. Ultimately, it is the Israelis and the Palestinians who must live side by side. Ultimately, it is the Israelis and the Palestinians, not us, who must reach agreement on the issues that divide them.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

STOUT: Elise Labott is following the diplomatic twists and turns for us. She joins us now live from New York.

And Elise, at this point, will anyone be able to convince the Palestinians to give up their quest for statehood?

ELISE LABOTT, CNN SR. STATE DEPT. PRODUCER: Well, in short, no, Kristie. What's going to happen is President Abbas has told President Obama last night and is going to make good on his promise to give this letter to the U.N. Security Council requesting full statehood for the Palestinians. But he's not going to force a vote, so this is going to avoid a showdown.

He's going to kind of leave the letter in a lock box, if you will, and he's going to give the international community some time to work out an alternative, meaning some negotiations with the Israelis, that quartet, the Mideast quartet, U.S., U.N., EU and Russia, trying to put together with the Israelis and Palestinians a statement which would be a framework for negotiations. The Palestinians would get these negotiations on the 1967 borders with agreed-upon swaps. The Israelis are looking for recognition of a Jewish state.

It's a little tradeoff. Everyone is going to get a little something. But President Obama is going to tell the General Assembly on Friday what he's going to do. He's going to put that bid in, and he's hoping that this will improve his chances for negotiations -- Kristie.

STOUT: And if the bid fails, Mr. Abbas can make a separate bid for enhanced observer status. What is that?

LABOTT: Well, basically, it's kind of like what the Vatican is. It's an independent state, but not necessarily a member nation of the United Nations. So they would be able to take action in various world bodies.

What the international community is very nervous about is that the Palestinians will use this opportunity to go after Israel in, like, the International Criminal Court, the International Court of Justice for things like settlement activity and the like. So what they're hoping is that, even if the Palestinians do go to the U.N. General Assembly, we know that the United States is going to veto any bid at the U.N. Security Council. So, really, his only option is to go to the United Nations General Assembly, where he is expected to have a lot of support, and especially even if he continues to work on these terms of reference, if he's willing to play ball with the Israelis on these terms of reference, the Europeans are even saying they could support a bid at the United Nations General Assembly.

So, really, what President Abbas is doing is kind of tactical. He's putting a lot of sword over the international community's head when he leaves New York on Friday to try and come up with the best possible alternative for the Palestinians to move toward a Palestinian state -- Kristie.

STOUT: All right.

Elise Labott, joining us live from New York.

Thank you.

Now, the issues dividing the Israelis and the Palestinians have defined (ph) governments, multiple peace efforts, and time.

CNN executive editor Tim Lister breaks it all down for us.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

TIM LISTER, CNN EXECUTIVE EDITOR: Explain Palestine in 30 seconds. That's absolutely impossible. Couldn't do it in 30 hours.

Here's the chain of events.

Mahmoud Abbas, as the president of the Palestinian Authority, will ask the U.N. Secretary-General to take Palestine's bid for statehood to the U.N. Security Council. What is sure if that happens? The United States, possibly other countries, but certainly the United States, will veto that.

The Palestinians then have the option if they wish to of taking a resolution to the U.N. General Assembly, where they will need two-thirds majority in support of the declaration of a Palestinian state. So, at that point, they would not be full members of the United Nations. That can only be done by the Security Council, but they would have observer status at the U.N., which would be at least a moral victory.

This conflict goes back obviously centuries, but the modern conflict dates back to about 1917 and the Balfour Declaration, which said that part of Palestine should become a Jewish state. After the Second World War, that pressure became even greater.

There was an attempt by the United Nations to divide historic Palestine amongst the Jews and the Arabs. That fell to pieces. The Israelis declared independence. Then, of course, you had the '67 War that followed the 1948 War, and we have now a situation where the Palestinians refer back to 1948 as the "Nakba," the "catastrophe." And ever since then, they've been looking for a right of return for those refugees who were expelled from what is now Israel, and for more land, or a restoration of the land that they occupied in 1948, and even before the 1967 War.

The U.S. position is that any solution in this region must be agreed by the parties. President Obama, in his landmark speech back in May, said that the basis for any settlement should be the pre-1967 War borders, plus any agreed land swaps.

OBAMA: With mutually agreed swaps.

LISTER: And that is the most important part of that formula, because agreeing on those land swaps is so difficult when, for the last 20 to 30 years, Israel has been building settlements, some of them the size of small cities, in the West Bank. Now, the Palestinians have said negotiations are going nowhere and, therefore, we are taking this alternative course because we're not going to be refugees discriminated against in some sort of apartheid system for any longer.

You go back to 1973, for example, the Israelis won the '73 War. The Saudis responded and other Arab members responded with the oil embargo, which drove the United States into a recession. This is still an area which sits on a lot of the world's oil. It matters to the U.S. what happens in this area economically, but also politically, because a radicalized Islam based on perhaps another intifada of the Palestinian territories does not play into the hands of the United States, not least when it's trying to mobilize what's happened in the Arab Spring to create an Arab world that is more democratic, more transparent, more open, and less hostile to the West.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

STOUT: Very instructive. Tim Lister there.

And just ahead, we will talk to a very familiar face in Palestinian negotiations over the years. Hanan Ashrawi says it is time for the Palestinians to have full representation at the U.N. and calls President Obama's speech disappointing. She will be joining us ahead.

Now, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad takes his turn on the U.N. podium later this Thursday. Iran's hard-line president is expected to address the General Assembly in about four hours. He has courted a lot of controversy in prior appearances, railing against Israel and the U.S., denying the Holocaust ever happened, and accusing the U.S. of masterminding the 9/11 attacks.

We'll find out soon what he has to say this time around.

Now, in the U.S., executed under a cloud of controversy. The state of Georgia executed Troy Davis by lethal injection late on Wednesday after he was convicted of killing an off-duty police officer in 1989. But Davis maintained his innocence right until the end, telling the family of the slain officer that he was not responsible for the killing only moments before he died.

Now, Davis' execution had been postponed three times before and was again delayed for a number of hours on Wednesday as courts considered a last- minute request for a stay. And it's all over concerns that he was wrongly convicted on the basis of testimony from witnesses, many of whom have since recanted or changed their statements. Many, including his lawyer, maintain Davis was wrongfully put to death.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

THOMAS RUFFIN, TROY DAVIS DEFENSE ATTORNEY: I witnessed something that was horrible, a tragedy. This night, the state of Georgia legally lynched a brave, a good, and indeed an innocent man.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

STOUT: Davis' supporters claim he is the victim of racial prejudice and a rush to investigation. The Pope, South African anti-apartheid leader Desmond Tutu, and former U.S. President Jimmy Carter had also called for the execution to be off, and they were joined by Amnesty International and U.N. human rights officials. But for the family of the murdered police office, Mark MacPhail, Davis' death brings a degree of closure.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

ANNELIESE MACPHAIL, MOTHER OF MURDERED POLICEMAN: It sounds awful, but it's kind of relief that it's over for me now. But I have to kind of digest all the things that have happened, and today, too, which was very, very hard on me. So I just have to kind of work on that through my mind, and I'll be alone and realize what -- everything that happened and how it ended now, because that will probably take a day or two for me to get that organized in my mind.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Has justice been served?

MACPHAIL: In my mind, yes. In my mind it has. It took a long time to get there, but it really does in my mind.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

STOUT: The execution of Troy Davis in the U.S. state of Georgia, may have grabbed many of the headlines, but in the state of Texas, another man was put to death less than four hours earlier.

Now, Lawrence Brewer was also killed by lethal injection for his involvement in the 1998 death of a black man who was chained by the ankles and dragged behind a truck for more than five kilometers. And since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976, the U.S. has executed a person roughly once every 10 days.

Japan is the only other industrial democracy that has the death penalty.

Japan is recovering from another massive storm. Typhoon Roke is gone, but the battered area is already dealing with plenty of hardship.

Plus, Facebook's new facelift has many users unhappy. Well, brace yourself, because more changes are on the way.

And how many slaves work for you? We'll show you how to find out.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

STOUT: Welcome back to NEWS STREAM.

And you're looking at a video rundown of all the stories we're covering on the show today.

Now, let's focus on the markets.

(STOCK MARKET REPORT)

STOUT: Let's return now to one of our top stories, the Palestinian push for statehood at the United Nations and the response we're seeing from the U.S. and other nations.

I'm joined now by Hanan Ashrawi in New York. She is a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council and of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Welcome to CNN. And first and fundamentally, this question: Why do Palestinians want U.N. recognition now?

HANAN ASHRAWI, MEMBER, PALESTINIAN LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL: Thank you, Kristie.

We want to -- and membership now, because since 1988, since we declared membership, the U.N. has upgraded our status. But also, we've received recognition from over 127 countries.

What we need is full membership in the U.N. in order to ensure that our rights are protected -- primarily, the right to self-determination -- and that international law applies to us; and that our territory is defined as occupied territory, not as disputed territory up for grabs by Israel; and that Jerusalem is our capital; and that all these U.N. resolutions over the years that have been shelved without any implementation would be honored, including the Palestinian refugees' right of return, including Israel's illegal annexation of Jerusalem; and, of course, in order to ensure, as I said, the right to self-determination of the Palestinians before Israel manages to steal the land and then there's a two-state solution impossible. Because they're building settlements that are expanding rapidly, they're changing the character of Jerusalem, they're carrying out an ethnic cleansing of Jerusalem, actually, building the apartheid wall, imposing a state of siege, and erecting hundreds of checkpoints in the West Bank.

This is certainly not good for peace, and we're trying to give the Palestinian people and also the world a chance, a sense of hope, that if we bring back the Palestinian question to the international community, to be based on international law, it's no longer Israeli unilateralism and power (ph) politics, it's no longer the American monopoly over the peace process, which of course bought Israel time and immunity to react with impunity.

STOUT: Now, we heard from the U.S. president there at the United Nations. Barack Obama said that a Palestinian state could only be achieved through talks with Israel.

What's your response to that?

ASHRAWI: Yes, if only. We've been talking with Israel for more than 20 years, and what we've seen is more land theft, as I said, and more illegal measures and oppressive measures by Israel.

We are the only people under occupation who are supposed to ask our occupiers for permission to be free. And these American principles that President Obama declares, he espouses, like freedom, human dignity, the right to self-determination, democracy, if they apply to all people equally, why shouldn't they apply to the Palestinians? If they apply individually to every Arab citizen within the Arab Spring, why don't they apply to a Palestinian nation that's suffering not from an autocratic regime, but from a foreign military occupation?

This is something -- I mean, you cannot decontextualize Palestine. You cannot exclude us from these human and moral considerations. That's why we believe it's important that there is consistency and that we are treated equally, not exempt from the protection of the law, and Israel given permission to act above the law and with impunity.

STOUT: If a Palestinian state is recognized there at the U.N., what would happen to talks with Israel? And would you fear the potential response from Israel?

ASHRAWI: Yes, there have been all sorts of threats, intimidation, and pressure, saying they will annex the territory, all of it, they will annex the settlements, they will violate all agreements, they will actually keep back our customs taxes, which they levy on our behalf and they charge us three percent because they control our crossing points. Anyway, I think such threats are really irresponsible and dangerous.

If we do get membership, then certainly what will happen is you will have one country, one state, Israel, that is an occupation of another state's land. That means that Israel will be held accountable in accordance with international law. It means that we will be negotiating not our rights and principles -- we want to be negotiating our right to self-determination and freedom and so on -- we'll be negotiating concrete things, steps of implementation, how to remove the settlements, for example. This is very important, because you have half a million illegal Israeli settlers in Palestinian territory.

Things like that. Good neighbor relations, hopefully, if they come to their senses.

So, we're not saying no to negotiations, per se, because negotiations have no inherent value. Negotiations are a means, are a tool. And a tool to achieve the objective, which is the end of the occupation and self- determination for the Palestinians.

So, we'll negotiate all sorts of issues pertaining water rights, security, even trade, good neighborly relations, as I said, but we'll not negotiate away our rights. So there's no contradiction between going to the U.N. and getting membership, and between negotiations on future arrangements between two states.

STOUT: Now, the French president, Nicolas Sarkozy, there at the U.N., he warned that a veto on your bid for statehood could result in another round of fresh violence in the region. Would it?

ASHRAWI: Yes. I certainly think so, yes. I think he really hit the spot, because the whole world is looking at what the U.S. is doing.

U.S. credibility and standing could be affected. This alliance is collusion between Israel and the U.S., and particularly the American attempt to constantly rescue Israel and even protect it from the consequences of its own actions, and against American standing interests and credibility in the region.

So, if there is one more step where the Arab public is seeing the U.S. once again being complicit in an act of injustice, and ongoing injustice against the Palestinians, they are not going to take this lightly or sitting down. There is a sense of resurgence of vitality, of energy, of confidence, of hope, and we do want to see justice done for once for the Palestinians.

And this is a very emotive and core issue for the Arab world. And we hope that the U.S. comes to its senses and understands that this shortsighted, strategic alliance with the Israeli occupation -- I'm not saying with Israel -- with an illegal and brutal occupation is costing the U.S. tremendous standing, and it's costing them in terms of national interests and national security as well.

So, hopefully, they will come to their senses and take the right decision, but I'm not holding my breath.

STOUT: Hanan Ashrawi, joining us live from New York.

Thank you very much indeed.

Now, still to come here on NEWS STREAM, on Facebook apparently everyone is talking about Facebook. It's changed its look again, and we'll run through the good, the bad, and the ugly.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong, you're back watching NEWS STREAM.

And if you are one of the hundreds of millions of people who use Facebook, you may have noticed a few changes. The social networking giant has unveiled more tweaks to its design, adding a ticker and changing the way the news feed works. And like most changes on Facebook, this one has triggered complaints from many users.

And here are just a couple of the comments that people posted on my own Facebook page.

For example, Nirmala says this: "In an apparent effort to stave off Google Plus, Facebook has incorporated these changes, and in the process, seems to have lost its identity."

While Peter tells me this. He said, "It is clearly becoming more and more commercial. The 'fun' side of Facebook is slipping away."

Well, users should brace themselves for more changes. In a few hours, founder Mark Zuckerberg is set to announce a new features for the site.

So let's get much more now on Facebook from our regular contributor, Nick Thompson.

And Nick (ph), good to see you.

NICHOLAS THOMPSON, SR. EDITOR, "THE NEW YORKER": Good to see you.

STOUT: And we have to start first with the redesign. Why the hate?

THOMPSON: Well, people are used to Facebook the way it looks. It's a familiar thing. It's as though a newspaper that you've been looking at suddenly changes the way it's laid out and changes the font.

It's confusing. It's aggravating. Every time Facebook does this, users rebel, and then they get used to it.

There's been a massive rebellion over the last two days. Personally, I kind of like it. I think that over time, people will adjust and they'll have forgotten how much they hated it when it first came out.

STOUT: I know, I like the changes, too. I'm just happy that the "poke" button is no longer -- they're not using it anymore.

THOMPSON: I know. "Poke" was obsolete.

STOUT: Anyway, more changes will be announced -- yes, exactly. And there's going to be even more changes announced later today at the so- called f8 Developers Conference in San Francisco.

What should we expect?

THOMPSON: So, the changes that have happened over the last two days are cosmetic, and they're jarring. But what's happening -- going to happen today is probably going to be much more transformative.

The slogan for the conference today is, "Read, Watch, Listen." So, initially, people thought there would just be new buttons added like the "Like" button, where, when you read something, you could market it and say, I read that, and your friends would notice that.

It now actually appears that what Facebook is going to do is launch major initiatives in all three of those categories. So, for "Read," there will be deals with publishers, where publishers will have magazines and newspapers, or some content, much more optimized for Facebook. For "Listen," which is the most exciting, they're going to have some kind of music service which will compete with iTunes and allow you to perhaps even share music as you listen to it with your friends. For "Watch," there will be some kind of video partnership.

And the rumor that's sort of hot right now but seems entirely plausible is that there'll be a -- it will be built into the system that, whenever you "Read," "Watch," or "Listen" something, it will appear on your news feed and be shared with your friends. So, suddenly, the people you're friends with will be aware of basically everything you're doing on the Internet.

STOUT: And strategically, why is Facebook launching so many new changes? I mean, does it think Google is a threat here?

THOMPSON: Well, it certainly thinks that Google is a threat. Facebook basically wants to create an entirely different Internet.

You know, there's the general browser that we've been used to since the early 1990s, and inside of it there's Facebook. And Facebook basically wants to get rid of everything else.

It wants you to go on to the Web and it wants you to go to Facebook, and it wants you to do everything you do through Facebook. It wants you to buy things, watch things, listening to things on Facebook.

It and Google have been fighting for about a decade. They've had very different ways of organizing the Internet.

Google does it all through algorithms. It thinks, you know, let everybody create Web pages, let all these crazy things happen. We'll come up with the math to help you understand it.

Facebook has said let's organize the Web through friends. You connect to the people you know, and you'll find things based on what they like and what they're interested in. So it's two very different philosophies about how information should be organized.

Over the last year or so we've seen Google becoming more social as your person who commented on your site said. You know, Google+ is now a social network and they're incorporating data from that into their search results. Facebook has become a little more algorithmic. The redesign changes that we saw are based partly on algorithms trying to determine which of your friends' updates are most important to you. So they're getting a little bit closer, but there's a very intense competition.

Facebook is worried about Google+ and so Facebook is trying to move ahead as fast as they can. But mainly, they're just trying to colonize and take over our online lives.

STOUT: And it's interesting because Google is trying to get more Facebooky, Facebook more Googly. At the end of the day it's all going to look the same.

Anyway, Nick Thompson, (inaudible) thank you so much. I always enjoy talking with you and you'll be back same time next week. Nick Thompson joining us live from New York there.

Now was your Smartphone made in a sweatshop? And did slaves stitch together your favorite pair of jeans? If you're not sure, you're not alone.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIDENTIFIED MALE: Today, slavery is worse now than it ever was before, but more people have a hard time of understanding how it affects their lives. Slavery footprint is the first chapter for most people of understanding how it directly effects their lives, but most importantly about what they can do to change it.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

STOUT: Up next on News Stream, we check out the latest online tool that helps you discover how many slaves work for you.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.

Now Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas is pushing ahead with plans to request full UN membership on Friday that's even though U.S. President Barack Obama has strongly hinted at a U.S. veto and said direct talks, not settlement at the UN are the answer.

Now thousands of Greek public transport workers are on strike today over government austerity measures. For 24 hours of industrial action involves bus, subway, tram, and train workers has brought much of Athens to a standstill with kilometers long traffic jams.

And in a sign of support for Libya's revolutionary fighters, the U.S. is reopening its embassy in the Libyan capital Tripoli. And it is the first time the embassy is opened since Moammar Gadhafi's overthrow. It was ransacked and damaged earlier this year.

Now the Pope has arrived in his homeland of Germany. The visit has triggered a huge police presence of some 6,000 officers providing security, that's because protests are expected as the sex abuse scandal casts a shadow over the Catholic church.

Now let's take a look at another of our top stories: the six ton satellite that is set to crash back to Earth on Friday. Now NASA says it is too early to predict exactly when and where that will happen, though the U.S. space agency says it will not be over North America.

Now most of the spacecraft will burn up in the atmosphere, but more than two dozen pieces of it are expected to survive. Our John Zarrella joins us now from CNN Miami. And John, how worried should we be about the falling pieces from this satellite?

JOHN ZARRELLA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, you know, don't forget, Kristie, and NASA points this out, about 70 percent of the Earth is made of water. So they fully expect that the pieces of the UAR's satellite will likely fall into either very uninhabited areas or water.

But they can't be sure. And what they do say now is that, as you pointed out, it will not -- it will not hit North America, but it will come down some time tomorrow afternoon U.S. time.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

ZARRELLA: The clock is ticking. Sometime after midnight tonight, if NASA's calculations are right, an old, dead satellite will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere and burn up -- most of it, but not all of it. About half a ton will make it through.

MARK MATNEY, NASA ORBITAL DEBRIS SCIENTIST: There are some pieces that are made of stainless steel and titanium and beryllium that have very high melting temperatures and those pieces will survive. And we have a list of about 26 pieces and they range from a few tens of pounds to a few hundred pounds in size.

ZARRELLA: You heard him right, some of the chunks of junk could be hundreds of pounds. But there's no need for you to run out and buy a hardhat. NASA scientists in Houston say there's very little risk that any of the debris from the six ton UARS, upper atmosphere research satellite, will hit you.

JONATHAN MCDOWELL, HARVARD UNIVERSITY: You could be hundreds of miles off in where it's coming down...

ZARRELLA: Harvard University astrophysicist Jonathan McDowell believes the space agency is probably right, because much of the Earth is water.

MCDOWELL: This is not like the old Skylab scare of the 70s when you had a 70 ton space station crashing out of the sky. This thing is only six or seven tons. So I agree with the folks in Houston, it's really nothing to be terribly concerns about.

ZARRELLA: Parts of Skylab did hit western Australian in 1979. So where will this one come down? Well, no one knows. Even minutes before re-entering the atmosphere, NASA won't be able to pinpoint the exact location. The satellite is traveling so fast it covers thousands of miles of space in just minutes.

Right now the impact swath covers portions of six continents.

MATNEY: Part of the problem is the spacecraft itself is tumbling in unpredictable ways. And it is very difficult to very precisely pinpoint where it's coming down, even right before the re-entry. If the thing happens to come down in a city, that would be bad. The chances of it causing expensive damage or actually injuring someone are much higher.

ZARRELLA: One thing is certain, once it hits the atmosphere 50 miles up, it will take only a few minutes before the surviving pieces hit the Earth.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ZARRELLA: Now if it's dark with there UARs satellite comes down then NASA says it's probably going to be a pretty spectacular show like a meteor show with all of those pieces burning up in the atmosphere -- Kristie.

STOUT: All right. John Zarrella joining us live from CNN Miami. Thank you.

According to estimates by policymakers, activists and scholars the number of modern day slaves ranges from about 10 million to 30 million people. But how many of those slaves work for you? Now that is the unsettling question being posed by a new online tool. It's called Slavery Footprint. It is the latest initiative from the anti-slavery call and response campaign in partnership with the U.S. State Department.

It allows consumers to measure to what extent they are complicit in the use of forced labor around the world. And here is how it works.

Now users answer a series of 11 questions about their homes, habits and consumption of everyday product. Take the question what is under your roof? Now you can add bedrooms or you can add bathrooms, a home office, a car, a scooter, a variety of objects here. And then by pressing this wheel you can then tally up how many items like light bulbs, pillows and textiles you have. According to anti-slavery activists all of these items on this list have some connection to bonded labor.

And you can check out the statistic on the right. More than 200,000 children are forced to work in India's carpet belt of Uttar Pradesh. That would make the operation bigger than companies like Sony and Boeing in terms of employees.

Now let's take a peek inside your medicine cabinet. And chances are you have a lot of these products in your bathroom -- sunscreen, soap, toothpaste. And you can click on any that you don't have.

And here's the message, every day tens of thousands of women buy makeup. And activists say that tens of thousands of Indian children are forced to mine Formica, that's the material that makes makeup sparkle.

And this one is for all your gadget geeks out there. If you have any of these electronic products from laptops and digital cameras, TVs, MP3 players, listen up, they contain Colton (ph). This is a metal used as a superconductor and mined by slaves in countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Of course the point of answering all of these questions is to give an idea of how many slaves might make the products you use. The survey uses a formula based on where the raw materials for each product comes from and where finished items are made so you end up with a slavery footprint score. Now each and every one of us form a part of the slave supply chain even if we're not aware of it.

And of course the idea is for us to use this information and to take action. And you can share your results on Facebook or Twitter, or you can send a letter to a company telling them you want to know about the use of modern day slavery in their supply chains.

And the slavery footprints poignant question applies to corporations as well -- how many slaves work for you?

So how many slaves work for anti-slavery activist Justin Dylan who leads the call and response campaign? Well, I caught up with the man behind this latest app just a little earlier.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

JUSTIN DYLAN, SINGER: I took the survey last night and sadly I have about 86 people forced to work for me to produce the lifestyle that I enjoy.

STOUT: And with this application, with this knowledge that you want to share with other people, what do you hope to achieve with the Slavery Footprint app?

DYLAN: Well, with Slavery Footprint what we didn't want to do is create another calculator that only spits out bad news. What I believe is that people carry around stories and not necessarily statistics. So with Slavery Footprint we actually wanted to be able to tell you the story of your life and how it fits in with the globalized economy.

Today, slavery is worse now than it ever was before, but most people have a hard time of understanding how it affects their lives. Slavery footprint is the first chapter for most people in understanding how it directly affects their lives, but most importantly about what they can do to change it.

STOUT: Now your worked with the U.S. State Department to create this app. What kind of support did they give you?

DYLAN: Well, they were phenomenal not only in their sharing of knowledge, but they helped the beginning of the funding of the app and really were able to use a lot of their relational equity to be able to bring the right kind of experts and stakeholders to bare on this.

The technology that we've created and the algorithm that we've created around Slavery Footprint is a very vetted and multi-stakeholder approach where we're able to use vetted data to be able to determine the slavery in different types of products that we use every day while being very brand agnostic. We don't go after any particular brand, we're talking about different types of products that you use every day, which is very important.

STOUT: Now this new app, it follows the call and response app as well as your documentary of the same name. So do you feel that consumers are taking notice? Do you feel that the concept of buying slave free is really gaining traction now?

DYLAN: Well, I think we're getting there. I think we've just lit the fuse on the rocket. What's really going to make the rocket take off is if a consumer start to embed the story of other people who are being exploited to produce their lifestyles. If consumers can start to absorb that, that story into their lives, and more importantly amplify that story in the marketplace.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

STOUT: Justin Dylan of Call and Response there.

And join us this weekend for a CNN Freedom Project documentary. Ballywood actor Anil Kapoor shines a light on modern day slavery in his country. He takes us to a remote village in north India where nearly all the women have been sent into sexual slavery often by members of their own family.

Now this documentary is called Trapped by Tradition here on CNN. You can see it this Saturday 9:00 pm in Hong Kong.

And ahead on News Stream, social media is shaking up politics in China.

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EUNICE YOON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Ye Chong Pong (ph) is one over 100 candidates who has bypassed the establishment by declaring his intentions to run on Weibo, China's version of Twitter.

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STOUT: But there has been a backlash from Beijing. We'll explain.

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STOUT: Welcome back.

Now China is seeing a new trend this election season, an unprecedented wave of independent candidates are running for office. And Eunice Yoon shows us how they are campaigning against the odds.

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EUNICE YOON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: During election season in the U.S., politicians shake hands, fawn over babies, and take part in fierce debates. But in China this is how candidates are campaigning -- in silence online.

China is in the midst of nationwide local elections. Every five years citizens can run for neighborhood legislatures, the equivalent of a city council in the U.S.

Authorities are pulling out all the stops to get people to register to vote. Call it Rock the Vote Chinese style.

On paper anyone can seek office, but in this tightly controlled one party system, all candidates are heavily vetted by Communist Party cadres. Not this year, Lee Chong Pong (ph) is one of over 100 candidates who has bypassed the establishment by declaring his intentions to run on Weibo, China's version of Twitter.

"Netizens can learn everything about my campaign quickly and accurately from my own postings," he said.

A popular author and social critic, Lee (ph) discusses campaign issues directly with his more than 3 million followers unlike independent candidates of the past.

"There's so much injustice in China. Many of your choices are decided by others," he says. "I can make my own decisions. I don't need the government to do that for me."

The surge of grass roots candidates is unsettling for top government authorities, more used to highly choreographed political events.

A top government official recently said that running as an independent here is not legal. Many of the candidates have been detained, lost their jobs, or even been told not to speak to the foreign press. They're all under pressure because of a widespread crackdown on political dissent this year.

"It's the conflict that's driving so many activists and lawyers to run in this election," this election monitor says. "Many people think they can make their voices heard and supervise the government by being candidates."

Lee (ph) understands the risks, but says all 1.3 billion citizens should be shareholders in this country.

"Even if only one of us gets elected," he says, "that's progress."

Or democracy with Chinese characteristics.

Eunice Yoon, CNN, Beijing.

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STOUT: As Eunice mentioned, some independent candidates say that they have suffered retribution for running campaigns. Now this is the Weibo page of Leo Ping (ph). And she says she wants to run for election in Xin Yu (ph) and has been illegally arrested and placed on a police watch list because of her political activities.

And while there are significant barriers in their way, independent candidates believe -- believe it or not, they have won before. In fact, Yao Lee Fa (ph) describes himself that way. And he was elected to local congress in 1998, but he was not allowed to stand for another term.

Now time now for a check of the world weather. In fact, we have to get an update on the typhoon aftermath in Japan. Mari Ramos joins us from the world weather center with that -- Mari.

MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hey Kristie, this was a quite the storm across Japan. Even though it's now gone, it's time for the cleanup. And when the sun came out, well this is what it looked like across Japan.

Let's go ahead and roll the video.

First of all, you're looking at landslides that occurred -- this is Iwaki (ph) Prefecture. And you can see the homes completely destroyed. They're continuing with the cleanup here before anybody else gets hurt. You can see all the damage. That was one of the main concerns with this storm system, because of the mountainous terrain.

The rainfall was tremendous across these areas. And let's go ahead and roll -- there you see it, the house that you see there was from some of the earthquake survivors that also flooded.

And look at these pictures here. There you see the river flooding across many areas, widespread areas that have suffered extensive flooding. Roads are underwater. There are still a lot of travel delays.

This water will take awhile to go down so be prepared still for more travel delays as the rescues continue to get the people out of the affected areas.

Come back over to the weather map. For the most part, the rain across Japan is done.

But look at some of these rainfall totals. In Sendai, 277 millimeters of rain. That's why we saw some flooding like I said. And even in some of those areas where the tsunami survivors have moved to had some significant flooding. This is just in 24 hours.

Fukushima, we talked a lot about this in the precursor days before the typhoon got there because of the concern of what the typhoon could actually do to the power plant. We haven't heard of any damage to it, but it did have significant rainfall in that area and very strong winds.

We can see right over here that there's still a lot of moisture left over. This is not associated with that tropical -- with a typhoon, but any amount of rain that falls here will still be a concern across these areas so make sure you're aware of that, the threat for flooding and landslides is still there.

Speaking of flooding, I wanted to show you this picture, Kristie, and so many things are wrong with this picture. First of all, you're seeing children working in a field here, which of course brings up a lot of other questions, but on the weather aspect I do want to show you that this is a cotton field and it's flooded. And they're trying to rescue whatever crops they can. And this is in Medin in Pakistan. So these areas are still highly affected by flood. And even though the rain stopped over a week ago, you can see conditions very dry -- very dry also as we head over toward India.

But as we head toward the eastern part of India they're still recovering from that 6.9 quake that was earlier this week on Sunday, death toll about 90 already. And there's a concern because there's so much rainfall across these areas here.

Right now we have an area of low pressure right here in the northern Bay of Bengal. Looks like most of the rain will be farther south closer to the coastline, Kristie, but still the potential for flooding remains into these regions that are still very vulnerable as well.

Back to you.

STOUT: Mari, thank you very much for giving us that update on the forecast there. Mari Ramos there.

Now a time for a check of the global sporting headlines after the break. And the defending champions are in prime form at the rugby world cup. Alex Thomas will have all the highlights from South Africa's big, big win.

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STOUT: Now CNN has just announced its top 10 heroes for 2011. They range from community crusaders to champions for children. You can find out more about them on a special section of our web site. Just go to CNNheroes.com and there you can read their stories, you can watch their videos, and even get involved in their work. Don't forget, you can vote for your favorite.

Now South Africa is the first team to make it three wins out of three at the rugby world cup in New Zealand. So let's join Alex Thomas to hear more about that and the other day's top sport stories.

ALEX THOMAS, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Yes, Kristie, it was a day of landmarks for the defending champions at the rugby world cup as South Africa demolished Namibia by 87-nil. It was the tournaments largest margin of victory so far and the biggest ever world cup win for the Springbox.

This was a match between the second highest, and second lowest ranked teams at the tournament. And the gulf in ability was all too apparent as South African ran in 12 unanswered tries. One of the scorers was winger Brian Havannah (ph). This was his 39th try from 72 international matches, a new South African record.

And the 2007 champions also equaled their best ever world cup run of 10 unbeaten matches in a row. The springbox are leading pool D on 14 points, but they aren't guaranteed to finish top of the group with a match against Samoa still to come.

Now Italian football club Inter Milan has officially confirmed that Claudio Ranieri is their new team manager. And he took charge of the squad's training session on Thursday.

Ranieri has signed a two year deal. He's Inter's fourth different coach in less than a year replacing fellow Italian Gian Piero Gasperini who was sacked on Wednesday just five matches into the season. Inter Milan, the third from bottom in Serie A and their next game is away to Bologna on Saturday.

It's a huge week for some of the world's top golfers at the tour championship in the U.S. Now only is the title itself at stake, but the season's money list and the FedEx Cup bonus, they're also up for grabs. The player at the top of the standings is Webb Simpson. The 26 year old isn't one of the global stars in the elite 30 man field, but the American is fast making a name for himself after two victories in the last three weeks, although he's still eager for more success.

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WEBB SIMPSON, GOLFER: One thing that we're trying not to do this week is relax. I mean, it's a relaxing environment, no cut, 30 guys, big purse, great golf course. And so it's easy to kind of get complacent and settle down. And we're trying to just make sure the intensity and the focus are there and the momentum that I've had lately is definitely still there and helping.

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THOMAS: And we'll be live at the East Lake Club in Atlanta on World Sport in just over two-and-a-half hours time, Kristie.

STOUT: All right. Alex Thomas, thank you.

Now follow me. What is wrong with this picture. It's a group shot. It was taken at the United Nations general assembly. Here is a closer look. It is a mealtime wave by the U.S. President Barack Obama totally blocked the face of the person next to him. And in the redo you can see that the man is the president of Mongolia.

And you may be more used to seeing him this way. Now do you remember when he took our Stan Grant and team on a tour of a remote province? Or perhaps this moment stuck with you. Now that is Stan trying some traditional Mongolian snuff. And I've got to say, Mongolia's president has got a very nice smile. Crazy guy to party with.

And that is News Stream, but the news continues at CNN. World Business Today is next.

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