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English Football Coach Capello Resigns; UN Secretary-General Warns of Point of No Return in Syrian Conflict; Cyber Bullying Reaches New Level In China; Europe's Danube River Freezing Over; Pakistan Supreme Court Demands ISI Explain Recent Deaths
Aired February 9, 2012 - 08:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: Welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet. I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And we begin in Syria where the violence continues and the UN secretary-general warns that worse is yet to come.
Now the search is on for the next permanent manager of the English national football team as Fabio Capello resigns just four months before the European championships.
And they are being called China's cyber cannibals. How the internet in enabling a new type of bullying.
Now fear grows by the minute in the Syrian city of Homs, at least 13 people have been killed there so far this Thursday. And one resident says that they are praying for help.
Now we are watching live pictures from Homs. This is the neighborhood of Baba Amr (ph). And it frequently sounds like a battlefield there. Activists say that people are being killed in their homes as government forces shell civilian areas. And amid all the death and destruction, the international community is still discussing how to respond. The United Nations is expected to consider joining the Arab League for a monitoring mission in Syria.
The opposition groups say hundreds of people have died since the UN security council failed to pass a resolution condemning the violence over the weekend. Now China and Russia vetoed the measure.
Now UN chief Ban Ki-Moon says failure to pass that resolution has encouraged the Syrian government to step up what he calls a war on its own people. He warns the bloodshed will not stop until the international community puts unified pressure on President Bashar al Assad.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BAN KI-MOON, UN SECRETARY-GENERAL: I fear that the appalling brutality we are continuing to see in Homs with the heavy weapons firing into civilian neighborhoods is a grim harbinger of worse to come. Such violence is unacceptable before humanity. How many deaths will it take to halt this dangerous slide toward the civil war and sectarian strife? At this moment of such a great consequence, it is more urgent than ever to find common ground.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Now the crackdown, it started some 11 months ago. And Syria's government insists it is fighting foreign terrorists and armed gangs. Now apparent regime supporters in the flashpoint city of Homs are echoing that message on Syrian state television.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): The city is terrifying. The armed groups are filling it with corruption. There is fear in our children's eyes which is very clear.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): We asked the military to intervene to protect us from the gangs, because we can't go anywhere. They forced us to evacuate and there are snipers on the streets.
UNIDNETIFIED MALE (through translator): The armed groups are spread everywhere. There are snipers. Anyone on the street needs to watch out for the snipers. We either get shot, killed, or kidnapped. I thank China and Russia in which the situation calms down in Syria.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Now opposition activists tell a different story. And one man named Danny has been risking his life to show us the violence in his neighborhood Baba Amr (ph). We want to show you the video he posted on Wednesday. And some of it is disturbing.
DANNY, SYRIAN ACTIVIST: This is Homs, Baba Amr (ph). You can see over there another rocket landed in one of the civilian's houses. This has been going on all day long from 5:00 am. It's about 8:00 am right now. This is going to keep going on until 7:00 pm. This is a life we got used to -- rockets, bullets killing children dead in the street.
This is a little child. He's about 2-years-old. He got hit with a smart bomb in his house. Is this what the UN is waiting for? Is this what the UN is waiting for (inaudible) any more children left, until they kill all the children, kill all the women? This child lost his wings (ph), a bomb landed in his house. He lost his whole (inaudible). Two children killed, him and his sister.
Aren't these civilian houses over there? Aren't these human beings living (inaudible). That was another rocket landed over there. See this is happening every day. This is happening -- where is the UN. Where is the humanity? Where is America? Where is America? Isn't America supposed to defend the humanity? Isn't the U.S. supposed to defend humanity?
Are we animals here? Are we supposed to live like this our whole lives?
This is Syria, Homs. This is Baba Amr (ph). This is one neighborhood, Baba Amr (ph). Imagine what's going on all over Syria, then. This is one neighborhood in Homs.
LU STOUT: Now Danny says he does not want monitors again. You heard him just then, he was calling on the UN and the U.S. to take action. But any effort to provide humanitarian aid to Syria's victims of violence could face major hurdles. Jill Dougherty explains.
JILL DOUGHERTY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The State Department says it's getting extremely alarming reports about the plight of civilians in Syria.
VICTORIA NULAND, U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN: No power, no water, no phone, no internet in the city. Reports of some 20 houses destroyed by regime forces, five killed, 35 injured.
HILLARY CLINTON, U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE: The Syrian people themselves...
DOUGHERTY: The United States, the Arab League, the European Union, Turkey and other countries call the violence abhorrent. But diplomats say don't expect to see any immediate help from any of them.
TED KATTOUF, FORMER U.S. AMBASSADOR TO SYRIA: Right now I do not believe humanitarian help is possible. And particularly not to the people who need it the most.
DOUGHERTY: Ted Kattouf, former U.S. ambassador to Syria, points to a key problem: civilians are caught in the middle between government forces intent on crushing the opposition and opposition forces taking up arms to fight back. Getting any help in, he says, is virtually impossible.
KATTOUF: Without either the consent of the Syrian government, or an armed -- formidable, armed military from outside coming in to safeguard any convoys and the like. And of course we don't see that right now.
DOUGHERTY: Unlike in Libya, there are no safe havens like the city of Benghazi which was controlled by the Libyan opposition. In Syria, people live in urban, religiously mixed areas, a tinderbox now igniting.
So for now, the best the world community can come up with is creating a friends of democratic Syria group. Four countries that are vying to host the first meeting. But what will they do? What help can they provide?
NULAND: (inaudible) forum that this is going to take, the precise timing, the precise mandate is still being worked out with individual nations.
DOUGHERTY: Officials here at the State Department say the U.S. is still in the preparation stages, looking at what it can do legally and financially to provide things like food and medicine, and trying to determine who on the ground could accept that aid and disperse it. But nothing they say will happen until that international group is up and running.
Jill Dougherty, CNN, the State Department.
LU STOUT: Now since media are strictly controlled by the Syrian government, the internet has played a key role in allowing opposition activists to share images of alleged atrocities carried out by security forces. A high stakes war of information is being waged in Syrian cyberspace. And in one battle, the hacking group Anonymous is claiming victory.
Now the purported emails of Syrian officials were released by the group on Sunday. And according to the Israeli newspaper Haaretz, the documents were easy for Anonymous to access. Now they were protected only by the very simple password 12345.
Brian Todd has more on the information the hackers gleaned from the email in-boxes.
BRIAN TODD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It's days before a big interview with an American network. And Bashar al Assad is being coached. To spin this crackdown one aid rights, don't talk reform. Americans won't care or understand that.
The aid advises the Syrian president to talk about, quote, mistakes, blame his own police. American psyche can be easily manipulated when they hear that there are, quote, mistakes done and now we are, quote, fixing it.
Here's what Assad then said about the crackdown in that early December interview with ABC's Barbara Walters.
BASHAR AL ASSAD, PRESIDENT OF SYRIA: This is individuals -- (inaudible) what I would describe as individual mistakes.
BARBARA WALTERS, ABC NEWS: OK, done by the military or done by whom?
ASSAD: We don't know, that's the thing. In some cases, done by the police. In some cases done by civilians.
TODD: That email on what to say was apparently from Sharazad Jaffery (ph), press attache at Syria's mission to the UN to one of Assad's press aids in Damascus. The hacker group Anonymous posted the email passwords of top Syrian officials. Hackers like this one cited by Foreign Policy magazine claimed to have downloaded the emails and posted them online.
CNN has seen the emails. They appear legitimate, though we cannot independently verify their authenticity.
The email apparently from Jaffery (ph) advises Assad on a quote to give. "Syria doesn't have a policy to torture people." Says he can contrast that with the U.S. and mention Abu Ghraib.
Referring to Assad as H.E. for his excellency it says, "at one point H.E. was viewed as a hero and in other times H.E. was the bad guy. Americans love these kind of things and get convinced by it."
AHED AL HENDI, SYRIAN ACTIVIST AND DISSIDENT: They think the American public is really stupid.
TODD: Ahed al Hendi is a Syrian dissident who says he was once imprisoned and tortured by the regime.
HENDI: This is what they taught us at the school, that the Americans they know nothing about the world. They really enslave their people. They -- the worker has no rights in the U.S. and they really think so. They think that the American is easy to fool.
TODD: David Kenner of Foreign Policy magazine says the email reflects an amateurish effort to present Syria's case to the world.
What is their current media strategy?
DAVID KENNER, FOREIGN POLICY MAGAZINE: Honestly, I think at this point they think they have lost the western media. They've lost the United States.
TODD: Kenner says at this point, Bashar Assad's government is more interested in winning public opinion and government support in Russia and Iran. We called an email Syria's mission to the UN to get response to the hacking and to the criticism from that official Sharazad Jaffery (ph). We didn't hear back.
Brian Todd, CNN, Washington.
LU STOUT: And before Bashar al Assad was Syria's president, he headed the Syrian computer society and pushed the country's youth to become more web savvy. And while activists seeking to oust him are using the internet as a weapon against him, he is also using that experience to his advantage.
Now let's bring up the Facebook page of the Syrian Electronic Army. It's said to be a group of hackers built around the Syrian computer club. And according to media reports, they attacked this web site belonging to Harvard University. This happened last September. And within the last month, the group has also targeted broadcaster al Jazeera.
Now their enemy, though, anti-Assad Cyberactivists are not to be under estimated. They are finding ways around government firewalls to communicate via Skype, email, and chat sites. And the U.S. State Department has even funded an online encryption system to support uncensored internet access in Syria. It's called Psiphon. And the company's CEO explains.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
RAFAEL ROHOZINSKI, CEO, SECDEV GROUP AND PSIPHON: And what we're doing is not much different than what the airwaves provided during the Cold War to provide those citizens living behind the Iron Curtain live an ability to get information which otherwise they were not getting from their state. The difference is that whereas shortwave radio during the Cold War was very unidirectional. It was from the broadcaster to that person listening to it. With the internet, these technologies are by definition bidirectional, meaning that it gives an opportunity for citizens within those states to also communicate amongst themselves and with the outside world.
LU STOUT: But no matter the advantages offered by online social networking, demonstrators continue to risk life and limb protesting on the streets inside Syria.
Now still ahead here on News Stream, more trouble in paradise. The deposed leader of the Maldives faces a string of criminal charges under the islands' new leaders.
The English Football Association briefs the sports world of manager Fabio Capello's departure. We'll bring you the latest.
And diplomatic strain in the south Atlantic. Prince Williams wades into troubled waters on his Falklands tours of duty.
LU STOUT: Now three days ago he was the leader of a country and now the deposed president of the Maldives Mohammed Nasheed is a prisoner in his own home and facing arrest on up 14 possible charges, that's according to the former foreign minister.
Now this video, it was posted online. And it appears to show police detaining Mr. Nasheed on Wednesday. This is the day after he resigned. He now says he was forced to step down at gun point.
Now CNN cannot verify the authenticity of this video, but the former leader's political party says Mr. Nasheed was beaten along with several other party members. His wife has fled the country. She is now in Sri Lanka.
Now the violence began in the capital Male where police revolted against Mr. Nasheed's government on Tuesday. And on Wednesday the deposed leader's supporters clashed with police. And the violence spread to other parts of the country, including the second largest city Adu. Now the French news agency AFP says police stations were attacked and torched there.
Now Adu is about 500 kilometers south of the capital. Male is a small island in and of itself and completely covered by buildings. It is the administrative heart of a country internationally known as a resort paradise. The Maldives relies heavily on tourism. And a leading resort chain tells CNN, quote, "no resort, the airport, or tourist has been affected by this unusual event," unquote.
Now Universal Enterprises says the only action is taken is restricting excursions in the capital at some of its properties.
Now turning now to Pakistan where the powerful spy agency, the ISI, is facing an unusual challenge in the nation's supreme court. It's being forced to explain the deaths of four detainees. And for one mother, the case is very personal. Reza Sayah went to meet with her.
REZA SAYAH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: This was Abdul Saboor before he was taken into custody by the ISI, Pakistan's top spy agency. This is what he looked like after, his mother says.
ROHAIFA BIBI, ALLEGED VICTIM'S MOTHER (through translator): He had so many marks on his body -- here and here and on his back. When they showed me the body, he was just skin and bones.
SAYAH: Pictures of Sabore's (ph) corpse, covered with scars, is proof, she says, the ISI tortured and killed her son. Now the 60-year-old mother is doing what few others in Pakistan have ever dared, taking on the ISI and demanding answers.
Are you afraid that you're speaking out against Pakistan's spy agency?
BIBI: There is always danger.
SAYAH: Those who know the ISI's reputation know not too many people challenge Pakistan's most feared and shadowy spy agency.
That's the ISI's headquarters to my right, surrounded by those walls and lots of sharpshooters. This is a spy agency that's long been accused of backing and toppling politicians, using violent militants as proxies, and extra-judicial killings -- all accusations they deny. But no one from the ISI ever speaks publicly on camera. And certainly no one has ever been put on trial.
But the case of Abdul Saboor could be different, because it has the backing of the Supreme Court and its popular chief justice an institution and its leader fast becoming Pakistan's watch dog against government crime and corruption. The court has ordered the ISI to explain why Saboor, his two brothers and eight other men were arrested and why four of them, including Saboor died in custody.
TARIQ ASAD, LAWYER FOR SABOOR'S FAMILY: They are fighting for the rule of law.
SAYAH: The lawyer for Sabore's (ph) family says the 29-year-old and his brothers were law abiding citizens who printed Korans at this shop in Lahore. He says Saboor and the detainees were suspects in several militant attacks, but a court acquitted them in 2010.
A lawyer for the ISI has acknowledged to the supreme court that yes the spy agency did detain the men for further questioning right after they were set free, but the ISI denies having anything to do with their deaths. The spy agency claims the men died of natural causes.
The government says your son died of natural causes, that he wasn't murdered.
BIBI: It's absolute lies. First I read in the papers he committed suicide, then they said he died of tuberculosis. When someone lies, they should at least remember which lie they used.
SAYAH: Do you believe Pakistan spy agencies behave as if they're above the law?
ASAD: They are just living above the law.
SAYAH: In the coming weeks, the ISI is going to have to explain these deaths to the supreme court in what could be the biggest challenge this spy agency has ever faced from a civilian institution.
For Pakistan, it's a crucial test for democracy, a barometer for who is really in power. For a mother, it's the chance for justice she's been waiting for.
BIBI: I can only hope whoever did this injustice to me, I hope one day they feel my pain.
SAYAH: Reza Sayah, CNN, Peshawar.
LU STOUT: Now still ahead here on News Stream, England's football association says farewell to Fabio. But as Capello steps down, who will step up and lead the national team to the European championships? We'll keep you on the ball in just a moment.
LU STOUT: OK, some breaking news out of Europe. This just in on a Greek bailout deal. Reuters is now reporting that there is a deal. Greek political leaders agreed to a deal on austerity measures with EU and IMF lenders. This -- Reuters is citing a government source.
Now a deal was thought to have been in jeopardy after Greek politicians try to come up with a final deal on budget cuts, but there was a dispute in Athens over pensions. But again Reuters is now citing a government source saying a deal has been reached between Greek political leaders and EU in IMF lenders.
Now there are just four months to go before football's European championships and England don't have a captain or a coach. Now Fabio Capello resigned as England manager on Wednesday following John Terry's removal as team captain. And English Football Association decided to remove Terry last week because he's due to face trial on charges of racial abuse one week after those European Championships.
Now, after meetings with the English FA, Capello has resigned.
And in the last hour, the chairman of the English FA spoke about the meetings that led to Capello's resignation.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DAVID BERNSTEIN, CHAIRMAN, ENGLISH FA: On Sunday, Fabio conducted an interview with the Italian broadcaster. That caused conjecture and huge public debate and frankly produced an unsatisfactory situation.
Alex Horne and I met with Fabio yesterday. We had a meeting that lasted a little over an hour. And it was a very detailed meeting. We got a lot of very detailed questions asked by us. We adjourned the meeting. An hour later, I met again myself with Fabio in his office. And it was at that time that he offered his resignation. And I, on behalf of the board, agreed that this was the right decision for the FA.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: OK, that's what we heard within the last hour. Alex Thomas, he was there at the news conference. Let's go live to him now in London. Alex, more details from the FA about why Capello stepped down. Tell us more.
ALEX THOMAS, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Yes, you can imagine, Kristie, that the football association, the governing body for the sport here in England, were probably quite reluctant, really, to tell us everything. It was a private conversation. There are confidentiality agreements now in place involving Fabio Capello and the FA. They're very keen -- and they were very keen to stress that it is now about the future for England and finding a new permanent manager.
However, they were badgered by questions from the media exactly why this had happened. Why is it that Fabio Capello contracted to taking them to a European championship that he had been responsible for getting the team to for qualification process for suddenly went into a meeting, yes having publicly disagreed with the FA over John Terry having the captaincy removed, but why was it that there was no situation where Capello could continue as manager, the role that he's been serving for the last four and a bit years?
And it was very interesting, though, David Bernstein quick to say there was no storming out at the end of the meeting. Reports that Capello went off in a foul mood are not true, he said. The whole meeting was amicable. Capello conducted himself as a gentleman. There was a handshake between the two men at the end.
However, the key point was this: it was that although Bernstein rejected the idea they'd gone into the meeting with the idea of sacking Capello -- he said that was never an option -- he and Alex Horne, the general secretary of the FA, also said they weren't bullying Capello into offering his resignation.
But somewhere along the line the Italian decided that was the best thing to do to say he would stand down. And tellingly, Alex Horne, general secretary said, it was Capello -- let me get this right, it was Capello who said he did not want to be in the job any longer.
So clearly the Italian felt he no longer had the backing of his bosses at the Football Association. And now the most important job in English football is vacant. And the FA board will sit down tomorrow at length to discuss the right candidates for the role.
LU STOUT: So that is what led to his resignation. But now with Capello out, we now know that Stuart Pearce, he will manage in the meantime, but who will be named next team manager?
THOMAS: Yes, Pearce will take charge of England's friendly match against Holland here on the Wembley pitch behind me in just under three weeks time. An obvious candidate, he coaches the under-21 team. He'll be coach of team VB at the London Olympics later this year. And he has the possibility of becoming manager full-time, but he's not the favorite.
Harry Redknapp, the manager of Spurs, is the overwhelming choice of both the public and some of the players. If you look at some of their responses on Twitter, both Wayne Rooney and Rio Ferdinand, two of the most high profile England players have both said they want Redknapp in the job.
A question I put to do Dave Bernstein was whether popular opinion would play a part in their decision making process. And he admitted it would, although they have to make this a professional process. But he said of course if there was an overwhelming candidate that everyone in the country wanted to see manage England's national team, which is a huge source of pride and very important to the country, then they would have to bear that in mind -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: All right. Alex Thomas joining us live from Wembley Stadium in London. Thank you very much indeed for that.
Now Fabio Capello once said the England job would be his last in football. And if true, it will bring an incredible career to a close.
Now Capello, he started at Milan where he won the Italian league four times. His Milan team once went unbeaten over an entire season and famously beat Barcelona 4-nil in the final of the European Cup. Now Capello also managed Real Madrid on two separate occasions and each time he won the Spanish League. He also won league titles with Roma and Juventus in Italy. Though those two titles were later revoked by Italian authorities.
Now Capello is also statistically the most successful England manager ever, winning a higher percentage of his matches than any other.
But ultimately he failed to deliver at the big stage. England crashed out of the 2010 World Cup in the second round.
Now ahead here on News Stream. A fatal freeze, the death toll is rising in the Ukraine as the country faces its coldest winter in recent memory.
And on the opposite end of the spectrum, it may look serene, but these islands are at the center of a heated dispute. We'll explain next.
LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.
Now Syrian activists report that at least 13 people have been killed by government forces so far this Thursday. This video is said to show houses being shelled in the city of Homs. CNN cannot confirm its authenticity. And as the violence escalates, the United Nations is expected to consider joining the Arab League for a monitoring mission in Syria.
A supreme court hearing in Pakistan today could shed light on the country's spy agency. The ISI, a mother is taking on the powerful agency in the death of her son who she claims died in ISI custody. Now the ISI denies that. And the court wants the agency to produce eight men it has been holding in detention since 2010 and explain why four of the detainees died.
Amnesty International says it has evidence showing Russia, China and Belarus are fueling the conflict in Sudan's Darfur region. Human Rights organization claims the countries are supplying deadly weapons to Sudan's government despite knowing they're likely to be used against civilians.
Now England's football manager Fabio Capello has resigned. Capello had openly criticized the football association's decision to remove John Terry as captain after the footballer was accused of using racist language against an opposing player.
A Greek government leader tells Reuters News Agency that political leaders there have agreed to a deal on austerity measures in a deal with lenders from the European Union and International Monetary Fund was thought to have been in jeopardy because of a dispute over Greek pension reforms.
Now Greek prime minister Lucas Papademos had earlier promised that a deal would be reached in time for a meeting of Euro group finance ministers this Thursday.
Now Europe's big freeze is not letting up. And more and more people are falling victim to the cold. Ukraine alone has reported 112 weather related deaths in the past month. And the country's emergency situations minister says that alcohol has played a part in most of them.
Matthew Chance reports.
MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Every night this winter, Ukraine's ambulance service is inundated with calls from the cold. We gained exclusive access to this Kiev station. The freezing temperatures outside claimed more victims.
It wasn't long before the paramedics were in action, taking us along.
So we're in the back of this ambulance going through the streets of the Ukrainian capital now on the way to an apartment of a man who has just -- we just had a call back at the emergency center, that he got drunk and he basically had fallen asleep or dropped unconscious outside in this freezing weather. And he could have frost bite. We're going there now to check out what his condition is, and possibly take him to hospital.
Inside the apartment it's a grim scene. Paramedics find the man squatting, drunk on the floor. His swollen hand barely gripping his cigarette.
All right, now, the man who is injured, the homeless man who was frozen outside there. He doesn't want us to film him at the moment. And so we're not going to do that. But this is the guy who found him outside the apartment building and called the ambulance. He said he came back to this apartment block. He saw him shivering outside, you know, very frozen, so he brought him upstairs into this apartment and warmed him up and called the ambulance. And the paramedics are inside there now trying to see what they can do for him.
Tell me, what happened (SPEAKING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE)?
VLADIMIR PODDUBNIJ, RESIDENT (through translator): He was shaking, freezing to death. So I took him inside. I felt sorry for him. But I also didn't want to find a body in the morning.
CHANCE: After a few minutes, the man, Kostia (ph) calms down. And we're allowed in. The paramedics are setting his injuries, decide he needs emergency hospital care. They help him to his feet, but he's so drunk he can barely walk down stairs.
It's people in this state, Ukrainian officials say, account for 90 percent of the casualties in this bitter cold.
What's the problem with him? What injuries does he have?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Alcohol intoxication.
CHANCE: Yes. So he's drunk.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. Drunk. Very drunk.
CHANCE: He has got frost bite.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. Yes.
CHANCE: Frost bitten and drunk. But in this freezing Ukrainian winter lucky to be alive.
Matthew Chance, CNN, Kiev.
LU STOUT: Now Greece's financial troubles have been the talk of the EuroZone's finance ministers for months. The country has been struggling to follow through on austerity measures and economic reforms necessary for it to get its bailout package. Jim Boulden, he's been following this story. He joins us now live from London.
And Jim, new developments, reports from Reuters and the AFP that a deal has been reached between Greek political leaders and IMF/EU lenders. Can you confirm that?
OK. Unfortunately it sounds like we just lost our connection there with Jim Boulden. You're watching News Stream and we'll be back with more, and hopefully with Jim, after the break.
LU STOUT: Now let's go back to our breaking news. There are media reports that Greek political leaders have agreed to a deal on new austerity measures. And the country has been struggling to follow through on economic reforms necessary for it to get the next installment of bailout funds.
Jim Boulden has been following this story. He joins us now live from London. And Jim, can you confirm that a deal has been reached?
JIM BOULDEN, CNN CORRESONDENT: No, the Greek government is still saying officially that there is not -- they are not able to confirm yet that there is an agreement, but that a statement will be issued shortly. So we're waiting for that statement. And what the statement is likely to tell us is that the main political parties have reached some sort of agreement which is not unexpected. They had been talking about this for a couple of days. There have been a -- a sticking point has been pension reform.
But what this is, is this is the Greek government -- coalition government put in place in order to come up with austerity packages, trying to get an agreement so that they can get a second bailout from the European Union and the IMF and the European Central Bank. And this has been going on, these talks have been going on for weeks and weeks and weeks.
And we'll see from the stock markets here in Europe, they have risen on the back of the rumors that this agreement has been reached, though the markets have been quite strong for the last couple of weeks expecting Greece to be able to make some sort of agreement.
There has been strikes on the streets in Greece this week. There will be more strikes tomorrow and Saturday, because of course the Greek people have gone through a great deal of austerity, five years of recession, but this government has been struggling with the lenders to come up with yet more austerity. So it's been very painful. And it's been more difficult, maybe, for the political leaders to agree another round of austerity.
But at the moment, we're waiting for that statement, Kristie, and when we do get it, it's likely to say that the next hurdle has been reached. But it certainly is not the finishing line -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yes. We're still awaiting, as you said, this official statement to come out of Athens. But already, as you saw those green arrows on the screen just then, markets across Europe are reacting to the chatter. And the reaction has been quite positive. Perhaps a very different sort of sentiment on the streets of Athens and throughout Greece, especially tomorrow where more strike action has been called.
You have reported in Athens. What do you think is the likely reaction, what will be the likely turnout to this additional strike event tomorrow in Greece?
BOULDEN: Well, here's the bottom line, Kristie, is that the government in Greece has agreed to a number of steps of austerity over the last few years and they have not even been able to keep to those austerity agreements. That's why the European Union has really gotten fed up with Greece.
It's very difficult for this government, which was put into place late last year, to push through austerity, to have the people on one side who have said enough is enough and the people who are giving the money to Greece to be able to pay its bills to say it isn't enough. You haven't even done what you've pledged. That's why these second round of talks have been so difficult, because Greece needs this $160 billion or so bailout to start rolling in in March, next month, and they haven't been able to even really meet he pledges from the first bailout, which was agreed back in 2010.
So we've seen strikes, but I have to say those strikes haven't been as violent or as many people that we saw maybe a year-and-a-half ago when I was there late last year. The strikes -- the protests went on, but there were more marches and there were people who are very, very unhappy. There is no doubt about it, but those who are giving the money to Greece say you have no choice, you need to cut pensions, you need to cut the minimum wage, you need to reform the economy. And the pledges you've made so far about privatization haven't even taken place, so we need to see actual actions. People need to pay more taxes, and people need to be paid less in the public sector. That's not obviously easy to sell in any country, Kristie.
LU STOUT: That's right. It's not easy to sell when it's either bankruptcy or austerity. Jim Boulden joining us live from London with the latest developments on the story. Thank you very much for that.
Now there is a new threat in China. And it comes in the form of cyber bullies. They are using a sophisticated online program to target and attack select internet users in China. Now Stan Grant introduces us to the so-called cyber cannibal.
STAN GRANT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Wang Ji Yu (ph) can no longer open his computer without opening a world of abuse. His identity is being shredded, his privacy shattered. He says he's being eaten alive, targeted by a growing number of so-called cyber cannibals.
"My life has really been messed up in the past month," he says. "I receive too many emails, people phone me at all hours. They abuse me. They use dirty words."
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This one is about my father. This was about my mother.
GRANT: These cannibals have targeted his mother and father. They abuse them. They want to know where Wang lives. They know, already, where he works.
They target people using an engine called human flesh search. It ferrets out information, quickly reaching into the deepest corners of someone's life and bringing it right into the cannibal's hands.
Wang says he should never has crossed this woman. His disparaging comments about pop star Shang Yan Jer (ph) sends her fans into a frenzy. He doesn't accuse Shang (ph) of inciting the hatred. Her management has refused CNN's request for comment.
But Wang (ph) says within days his personal life was public knowledge -- his phone number, where he worked, even photos of him.
"Every day, Shan's (ph) fans come and they post nasty words from the morning to night. It is non-stop. My life, my work has been affected."
Why do it? Well, filmmaker Wang Xing (ph) has a clue.
"I guess they're composed mainly of two kinds of people," he says, "those who had tough luck in life themselves, and those who hold grudges against others. They want to get even."
Wang (ph) has made a film about cyber cannibals, The Invisible Killer. While human flesh search engine is not strictly illegal, Chinese courts have been scathing of its practice, branding the search an alarming phenomenon, violating privacy laws.
Wang (ph) says some use it to uncover corruption or highlight injustice. But he says to many others are strictly out to destroy lives.
"I know another case in which a boy searched for his ex-girlfriend after breaking up," he says. "After knowing her whereabouts, he went to find her and then killed her."
And this is where you find them.
Many young Chinese flock to places like this, internet cafes. They come and sit here all day, play games, to watch videos. It's also a haunt for cyber cannibals.
This man says human flesh search satisfies our deepest desires, the need to see into other people's lives. He joined in the attack on this woman after pictures were published showing her abusing cats.
"This is the cat abusing model," he says. "After being human flesh searched, she shunned media altogether. She could no longer live a normal life and to cut off most social activities. She could no longer show up in public."
Wang Ji Yu (ph), too, shuns the public. When he goes out now, he wears a mask afraid of being recognized and abused, still paying the price of crossing the pop star.
"I'm afraid that Shan Wan Jer's (ph) fans might attack. They've attacked me twice now. I'm scared. So I wear a mask to prevent them from recognizing me."
On the web, though, there is nowhere to hide from the prying eyes of China's cyber cannibals. Stan Grant, CNN, Beijing.
LU STOUT: Now let's take you to the Falkland Islands now. And Argentina has been on the offensive since Britain's military decided to deploy Prince William there for six weeks. The Argentinian president has accused the UK of militarizing the Falklands, which it calls Las Malvinas. And Britain rejects the claims.
And the feud over the Falkland Islands, it goes back decades. It started as a debate over sovereignty, but the battle over resources also plays a role. Now the islands are surrounded by rich fishing grounds as well as potential oil reserves. And reports say up to 8 billion barrels of undersea reserves can lie around the islands.
Now Britain launched an oil exploration project off the Falklands in 2010. Argentina has laid claim not just to the islands, but to any resources that may be found there.
Now the 30th anniversary of the Falklands War is just weeks away. The bloody conflict went on for just 74 days, but as Dan Rivers reports it has had a lasting impact on the islands.
DAN RIVERS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Driving up to Tumbledown, the hill synonymous with a crucial battle of the 1982 war. The relics of the fight are still here.
Patrick Watts runs tours of these battlefields.
When you come up and see all these Argentine positions still here 30 years on, what goes through your mind?
PATRICK WATTS, TOURISM GUIDE: I just think how tough it was for the guys here, you know, because the winter rather came on them and they were living here. The uncertainty, not knowing what the future would be, whether they would live or die, where the British was, would there be a peace settlement?
RIVERS: But of course, there wasn't. The British soldiers launched a surprise attack here, allowing them to advance on the capital Port Stanely victorious.
High above Stanley, a lonely memorial to British soldiers who died. For Patrick, these men were heroes and liberators.
In 1982, Patrick was a radio presenter. This remarkable photo shows him announcing the invasion, a recording that is riveting.
WATTS: The situation, as you might hear, is that the radio station has now been taken over. We have three Argentines...
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We have everything recording two tapes.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK. For operations...
WATTS: Well, just a minute.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No, uno minuto (ph).
WATTS: If you take the gun out of my back, I'm going to press. Could you take the gun away?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Senor.
WATTS: But I'm not speaking with a gun in my back.
RIVERS: Patrick continued broadcasting throughout the 74 day occupation, as he calls it.
WATTS: I felt it was important to retain a British presence in the radio station, because you know, bad news is bad enough, but it's a little better when they hear it from someone they know.
RIVERS: This Stanley, another relic of war -- this Argenine mine field is being cleared by Zimbabwean contractors. Team leader Andy Frizzell shows me the thick undergrowth hiding the mines.
ANDY FRIZZELL, BACTEC: The guys, they have to be quite disciplined. The processes we use are very deliberate and the work is slow and methodical with long hours and often, like today, the conditions are not the best.
RIVERS: There are 113 remaining minefields on the islands with an estimated 15,000 devices still in the ground. Without many more people like this looking for them, it would take decades to completely clear the Falklands of mines.
Until then, the remaining minefields will be a reminder of what's happened on these remote islands 30 years ago.
Dan Rivers, CNN, on the Falkland Islands.
LU STOUT: Now I want to update you on the violence in Syria. An opposition group reports at least 105 people have been killed across the country. 10 of the dead are children. And Homs is bearing the brunt of the crackdown.
Now let's bring up some live pictures from Homs of besieged Baga Amr neighborhood. There's been heavy shelling there. And it's being blamed for most of the bloodshed.
Now activists say hundreds of people have died since the UN security council failed to pass a resolution this weekend condemning the violence. And the UN is now expected to consider a joint mission with the Arab League.
Now ahead on News Stream, Europe's big freeze claims another victim, one of the region's most famous rivers. Mari Ramos will join us from the world weather center with more on the frozen flow of the Danube.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
Well, another development in Europe's prolonged cold wave -- one of the continents main commercial waterways is partially frozen. Now let's get the very latest now with Mari Ramos. She joins us from the world weather center -- Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Yes, Kristie, it's just another layer to this story. You know, we've been talking quite a bit, or course, about the toll it takes on people. We've seen the deaths that are mounting in some areas, the problems with transportation, the lack of power supply, and now problems also on the waterways.
Let's go ahead and take a look at the pictures, first of all, this is the Danube River. And you can see there the ice flows. This is near Hungary. Now authorities are saying in some cases about 90 percent of the river is covered in ice. And the last couple of days I've shown you pictures of the ice breakers blowing through the rivers, trying to open up the way, but it's saying it's getting a little bit too much, particularly as we head into central Europe and then back over toward the east until the water empties out into the Black Sea.
Now this is a very important river. Come back over here to the weather map. Let's talk a little bit more about this. It is about 2,800 kilometers long. And it's an important waterway for commerce, for transport, coal gets transported through here, grains and other goods. But these prolonged temperatures are really taking a toll.
Now some of the smaller tributaries were already frozen over and that was hampering traffic there as well. So the rivers starts in Germany, crosses through all of these countries until it empties out over here into the Black Sea.
Well, it's in this area right in here between Croatia, Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria where the biggest problems are happening. Yesterday we heard of the river closing in Romania and Bulgaria, now a little bit farther upstream. And this is a concern, of course, because it paralyzes traffic and commerce across this area. And it's very important.
Also then you have the river deltas that empty out into the Black Sea are also completely iced over and that is very significant as well.
That's on the Black Sea. This picture here is on the Adriatic, yes, on the Mediterranean basically. This is in Croatia. And what you're looking at is the sea spray. Basically the water kind of comes up on this side and it begins to pile up. And you can see how thick these ice flows, or these ice sprays actually are. And this is very significant as well. The same way it happens here, Kristie, it happens on the ships. And that's very significant.
And by the way, some of these areas have seen some of the coldest temperatures so far between this entire cold snap that they've had. Back to you.
LU STOUT: Wow, extreme temperatures there in Eastern Europe. Mari Ramos there, thank you.
Now some call it America's greatest sports extravaganza, but this year's Super Bowl is also inspiring fans for something that has little to do with the actual game. As Jeanne Moos reports, it's all bout the dance moves of one star athlete.
JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The salsa of victory, the mockery of defeat -- the Super Bowl may be over, but the Patriots and the Giants left behind two moves we can't quite move beyond. Giant's wide receiver Victor Cruz celebrated touchdowns with the salsa. Now the salsa is spreading like an internet virus. It infected a weatherman in Michigan.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I'm going to do my salsa dance right off the stage.
MOOS: Even Madonna wasn't immune.
MADONNA, SINGER: In fact, he's inspired me.
MOOS: She volunteered a demonstration.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is Madonna with a Silk City salsa. And I'm going to say, she's routing for the New York Giants, I have to say.
MOOS: But the most courageous salsa was performed by a Giants fan surrounded by Patriots fans in what turned out to be a near riot. Just a few seconds of salsa, and then as the dancer continued to taunt the crowd, he got sucker punched. The guy had to be rescued, and danced right out of there.
The Giant's Super Bowl victory party is a safer place to salsa.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We are the Cruz dancers. Come on.
MOOS: This Cruz t-shirt with how to salsa steps on the back sold out.
Don't even think of using me as a dance floor.
Salsaing has given way to Bradying. Bradying is the new Tebowing -- you know how everyone was mimicking the prayerful attitude of Broncos quarterback Tim Tebow, even in snow. But there was nothing grateful about Patriot's quarterback Tom Brady after he was decked while being intercepted at the Super Bowl.
Imitation is not always flattery. There is Bradying on top of a table. Bradying in the doghouse. It's easy to be depressed and dejected anywhere.
Even a sports anchor can be reduced to Bradying.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I was really unhappy with my performance on the show at 6:00.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: As well you should have been.
MOOS: It's enough to make you want to drown your sorrows in salsa.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Move your hips a little bit. Fell the Latino inside you.
MOOS: Jeanne Moos, CNN, New York.
LU STOUT: Now that is News Stream, but the news continues at CNN. We'll have much more news that there may be a deal on Greece's austerity measures to secure bailout money. You can see Nina Dos Santos, Jim Boulden there, they're getting ready to give their reactions on World Business Today. They'll also go live to Athens and New York for much more. So stick around. That's next on World Business Today.