Return to Transcripts main page


Government Says Syrian Forces Pulling Back, UN Cannot Yet Confirm; Second Kony Video Launches; Night Raids in Afghanistan Debated; al Qaeda Website Goes Dark; African Draught Warrants Starvation; Hong Kong Airport's Third Runway Threatens Pink Dolphins; Rory McIlroy, Tiger Woods Favorites To Win Masters; 17 Major League Baseball Players Pledge To Help Stop Child Trafficking

Aired April 5, 2012 - 08:00:00   ET


ANNA COREN, CNN HOST: Welcome to NEWS STREAM, where news and technology meet.

Hello. I'm Anna Coren in Hong Kong. We begin in Syria. Refugees continue to flee the situation in the country, but the government tells the U.N. it's pulling back from some Syrian cities.

It went viral faster than any video in history. Now the second video in the Kony 2012 campaign hits the web.

And melding the web and reality, would you wear glasses that allowed you to see this.

The Syrian government has told the U.N. it has begun withdrawing troops from the cities of Darra in the South, Idlib in the North and a city near Damascus, Zabadani. Well, the U.N. is trying to verify the claim.


COREN: But activists say the violence has actually escalated since Syrian President Bashar al-Assad agreed to a cease fire. Well this video appears to show smoke rising over buildings as the security forces storm the city over Douma on Thursday morning.

Well, CNN cannot verify when or where the footage was taken, but activists say the violence has continued with at least 27 people killed nationwide on Thursday.


COREN: Well, the U.N. peacekeeping team arrived in Damascus today to begin talks on monitoring the cease fire ahead of the April 10th deadline. Our Ivan Watson is monitoring developments from our bureau in Istanbul, Turkey, and he joins us now.

Ivan, on the very day that these U.N. observers are going in, we are getting reports of more clashes. What does this exactly mean?

IVAN WATSON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, it calls into question the likelihood of certainly the Syrian government actually adhering to a cease fire. We are trying to explore the claims that the Syrian government has made to the United Nations that he has begun a withdrawal ? a military withdrawal from three key cities that have been the scenes of intense fighting and a lot of killing over the course of the past year.

Idlib, Zabadani and Daraa, which is the launch point of the entire uprising more than a year ago. Now, the United Nations says it's gotten this report from the Syrian government, and it's in a verification process to see whether this is actually true.

And this is coming as a U.N. planning team is traveling to Damascus to meet with all different sides of the Syrian government to discuss the possible deployment of what the U.N. is describing as a supervising and monitoring mission that could possibly include up to 200 to 250 unarmed military personnel that would be tasked with trying to see whether a cease fire would be, in fact, implemented on the ground.

It's interesting to note that the U.N. spokesman I had this conversation with says that the planning team will not be speaking with members of the Syrian opposition who have grown increasingly armed in recent months. They say in retaliation for the massacre of Syrian opposition activists and, according to the United Nations, the deaths of more than 9,000 people over the course of the last year.

It would be interesting to know how you can implement ? how you can observe conflict on the ground and the cease fire if you're not negotiating as well with the opposition who do control pockets of territory inside Syria. Anna.

COREN: Let's talk a little bit about that U.N. observer team. It's going to be led by Major General Robert Mood, a Norwegian with extensive peace- keeping experience. What will be the role of the U.N. between now and the day of that cease fire April 10th?

WATSON: Well, it's specifically being described by the United Nations as a supervising and monitoring mission. They are not a peace-keeping force; they're not going to be armed, according to the United Nations' spokesman.

And the challenge will be to try to see whether the April 10th deadline, when the Syrian government ? that's a deadline the Syrian government has given for when it should withdraw its forces from population centers ? whether that will, in fact, take place.

Now credibility is a big question. The Syrian government has told the U.N. that is has withdrawn from the city of Idlib, for example. We have been talking to eyewitnesses from the town of Taftanaz, which is ? I've been there. It's about 10 minutes' drive from Idlib. It's within sight of Idlib.


WATSON: And their eyewitnesses are telling me that Syrian helicopters have open fired with rockets on opposition targets in that town, and we see video emerging from there this morning of rockets being fired there.

That calls into question whether or not a military withdrawal is, in fact, happening within eyesight of the town of Taftanaz, which appears to being rocketed by Syrian helicopters. At the same time, we have gotten reports from the Turkish government that more than 1600 Syrian refugees have fled through smuggler trails across the border fence to Turkey in just the last 24 hours, Anna.

And I've spoken with one of these refugees who arrived yesterday. He said he fled because his town of Maara was being shelled by Syrian artillery, again, within probably 10 to 15 kilometers of the city of Idlib, where a Syrian military withdrawal is allegedly taking place right now.


So that calls into question whether this withdrawal is, in fact, taking place and this will be one of the challenges of this proposed United Nations surveillance mission to enforce and to actually prove whether or not this withdrawal will take place on April 10th. Anna.

COREN: Ivan, it may be a little premature to look into the future, but let's say this all goes to plan. Let's say that the cease fire is enforced, that a U.N. peace-keeping team is allowed into the country. What is then going to happen politically?

WATSON: Well, one of the big challenges is going to be whether or not, of course, the opposition, which has grown increasingly armed, whether it would adhere to a cease fire as well. In addition to that, one point in the peace plan calls on freedom of political expression.

If the Syrian military pulls out of major population centers, cities like Homs, which the Syrian artillery has bombarded for months now. If it does, in fact, pull out, what will the Syrian government do if and when activists once again return to city centers and begin protesting and calling for the downfall of the Syrian regime.

We've seen a pattern over the course of the past year that the Syrian government does not tolerate these protests, and, in fact, frequently opens fire on these protests. Will it continue that pattern after agreeing to the United Nations' peace plan? That will be a big challenge coming April 10th. Anna.

COREN: Ivan Watson in Istanbul, Turkey. We appreciate the update, thank you very much for that.

Well, the U.S. and Afghanistan are trying to hammer out a deal on one of the most controversial tactics of the Afghan war, that being night raids. Well, Washington says the raids are critical to flushing out insurgents, but they're hugely unpopular with many Afghans and the Afghan government.

Well, now, however, a potential agreement could increase Afghan control over the raids. Let's find out more from our Nick Paton Walsh. He's following developments for us from Kabul, Afghanistan.

And Nick, as we mentioned, these raids are deeply unpopular. The Afghan President Hamid Karzai himself has described them as a violation of Afghan sovereignty. Why is this deal being struck now?

NICK PATON WALSH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Because, effectively, resolving how these night raids can continue, U.S. officials describing them as so vital. Without them they may as well go home. Finding a deal over this is key to another deal, which the U.S. has to sign with Afghanistan about its future strategic presence, pretty much delineating their future relationship after the NATO draw down in 2014.

So night raids have become an absolutely vital issue, and we took a look at one case, which explains quite how they've become so controversial.


PATON WALSH: These are rare pictures of Afghan commandos hunting insurgents by raiding Afghan homes at night. Filmed by NATO's own cameras, they've been released as part of a PR offensive.

When American Special Forces break into homes and arrest suspects, a vital part of the campaign, they say, it deeply offends Afghans.

So now America's hoping a deal with President Hamid Karzai will mean Afghan commandos like these do most of the raids here. No arrests have been made, and, as in most cases, NATO says no shots were fired.

Despite the fact that only meters away helicopters are opening fire on Taliban. These pictures make the raid seem pretty harmless, but sometimes they're not.

In September, prominent Afghan, Sabar Lal Melma, was shot dead by U.S. and Afghan commandos. NATO says he was an al Qaeda financier, and came outside holding an AK-47. He'd been in Guantanamo Bay prison for five years accused of rocket attacks, but the Americans released him to the Afghans.

But home, he remained an innocent business man as he always was says this local friend, who was also held at Guantanamo.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: When Sabar Lal was released from Guantanamo, we stayed in contact in the city of Jalalabad. He was working as a business man and was simply trying to feed his family. We did not say anything that would lead Sarar Lal to be murdered. And if there were concerns, he should have been arrested and questioned.


PATON WALSH: This case to the heart of Afghan anger over night raids. Some Afghans seeing a man held in Guantanamo for years without charge was then hunted down by the Americans in his own home. Whether or not Melma was still linked with al Qaeda, which some U.S. officials insist remain the case is another strange twist to his story.

Just before his death, he was arrested and held for several days before a remarkable intervention. Some of President Karszi's senior advisors demanded he be released.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We did not see or find anything on him, and we vouched for his good behavior. And that's how we released him. He was the elder in our area. He was cooperating with the government and had met the president from time to time. He was always against the Taliban.

Any deals with an Afghan face on night raids may make them more palatable to some, but their better past, their intrusion and the many lives they've claimed, whether in justice or in error, leaves some Afghans impatient for America's longest foreign war to end.


PATON WALSH: It's become such a contentious issue that a deal over continuing night raids pretty much, of course, as the maturity of the U.S./Afghan relationship to hinge upon it, there has been hopes in the past few days this deal may actually be signed. It hasn't happened as yet, and there are continued hopes that something may come forward in the next couple of days before momentum comes out of these negotiations, Anna.

COREN: Nick, we heard from the Secretary of State Hillary Clinton earlier this week as she was speaking to NATO saying that the 2014 transition will be complete. The Afghans will be fully responsible for security in Afghanistan.

You are there on the ground. Does it seem like things are on track?

PATON WALSH: It's pretty hard to tell, to be honest. Looking at the violence, our staff insist it's been going down, (but does except) even by its own measurements that was last year was more violent than 2010 in the key areas of the South and the East, and the United Nations and other independent observers have been tracking violence rising consistently, so no clear message there.

Certainly Afghans I think, many of them concerned about what happens as NATO begins to draw down. And this timetable in the eyes of many accelerated since U.S. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta suggested that the U.S. could be in "a non-combat role" by the middle of next year.

That would put most troops in their bases in advisory roles with the Afghan security forces, so real concerns here. I think that political agendas perhaps in the United States and a massive drop in American public support for this war could be driving this timetable, accelerating it, all eyes on November 2012, this year's U.S. presidential elections and how this war plays in that.

And of course, people on the ground in Afghanistan wondering exactly how safe they'll fell as slowly this year, NATO troops begin to draw down. Anna.

COREN: Nick Paton Walsh joining us from Kabul, Afghanistan. Thank you for that.

Well, meanwhile, several websites linked to al Qaeda have inexplicably gone dark. Well, no one is taking credit for the shut down as Barbara Star reports. The situation may have effectively severed al Qaeda's most vital communication lifeline.


BARBARA STAR, CNN PENTAGON CORRESPONDENT: The war against al Qaeda has taken a mysterious turn. Crucial al Qaeda internet sites have been taken down in what experts say may be a secret cyber attack by an intelligence agency.

Aaron Zelin, a Brandeis University Researcher maintains a Jihadi online research site. He says it's the largest cyber attack on al Qaeda.

AARON ZELIN, RESEARCHER, BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY: It's significant because it's essentially al Qaeda's lifeline to the outside world, since it's ? has to do with their communication systems.

STAR: It appears to have begun on March 23rd when the site Shumukh al- Islam, a forum for al Qaeda messages, suddenly went dark. Other sites soon followed. Some briefly came back online only to disappear again.

Al Qaeda has been a savvy master of cyberspace for years. For example, messages may come from Ayman al-Zawahiri in Pakastan, al Qaeda's core leader. It then, perhaps, is packaged into a slick video, then distributors like al-Fajr Media send it out to trusted al Qaeda forums where Jihadists can log on.

Will McCants, a former counter terrorism official says the attack breaks key al Qaeda links.

MCCANTS: Because this is the primary point of distribution for al Qaeda propaganda, when the website is taken down, the al Qaeda supporters don't know where to go to find new propaganda, to find guidance from Zawahiri, so it puts the global movement into a bit of disarray.

STAR: It means when the sites come back on line, operatives don't know if they're really communicating with their leaders or a false front that puts them at risk.

MCCANTS: They're suspicious that it's been taken over by a hostile entity. Usually, the suspicion falls on the CIA, and the worry is that past incidents of this happening have led to subsequent arrests.

STAR: But just days ago, Spanish authorities arrested a man they say maintained an al Qaeda online forum, complete with private chat rooms to carry on meetings and pass instructions.


STAR: U.S. officials decline to comment.

Though, one official said the fact that the websites went dark is, quote, of interest to us. Still, another country could be responsible or an online vigilante. But so far nobody is taking credit. Barbara Star, CNN, The Pentagon.

COREN: Coming up on News Stream, anti-Kony campaigners plan their comeback. The group behind the viral campaign is due to release a second video.

Plus the latest on Africa's deadly food crisis. Malnutrition reaches emergency levels across the (inaudible) with a million children on the verge of starvation.

And Boznia, 20 years on, memories of the war and its victims and the daring young couple whose love defied the ethnic divide.


COREN: Welcome back to News Stream. The sequel to the record-breaking viral video, Kony 2012, has been released online, simply titled "Beyond Famous." Invisible Children says its second film takes a closer look at brutal African warlord, Joseph Kony and his use of children as soldiers.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: --releasing this film to explain the creation of the campaign, the progress that's already been made and what we can all do now to support the ongoing efforts to stop the violence of the LRA.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The world should know that this world is complex. If it wasn't complex, it wouldn't have stayed for 26 years. I have been in the forefront from day one.

COREN: But the film is also in part a response to critics of Kony 2012. They include members of Uganda's government and the military. They said the campaign was 15 years too late and doesn't represent what is happening today.


Well, Kony 2012 stole the spotlight when it was released last month and turned it squarely on Ugandan rebel leader Joseph Kony. Well, he led the lord's resistance army and is wanted by the international criminal court for crimes against humanity.

Well, back then, Invisible Children said it wanted to make Kony a household name to help bring about his arrest. It may well have succeeded. Kony 2012 has been seen over 86 million times on YouTube alone and if you count unofficial clips, then this campaign has had more than 112 million views, making it one of the fastest ever videos to go viral.

Well, given the buzz over the original, there was plenty of anticipation for the second video. It appeared that Invisible Children posted the video a few hours ago, but when you clicked play, all you saw was a message saying the video was private and wouldn't play, leading many to wonder where the video was.

Well, now to another crisis in Africa that got a push for attention on social media, but with a very different result. Well, tens of millions are threatened by a food crisis in a region that stretches across the African continent.

Well, parts have become so dry, the land can't support crops, livestock or the millions of people who live there. CNN's David McKenzie reports on this region on the brink.


DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice over): In Central Chad, Arabic nomads have always moved from place to place following the rains. But they say they've stopped moving because the droughts come too often.

In this community alone, just this year, the sheik says 20 children have died from hunger. A cross the Sahel, the crops have failed. Hunger is stalking millions.

MCKENZIE (on camera): I want to show you something really disturbing. Every year in Chad, you have what's known as the hunger gap when admissions of malnourished children are really high, between May and August.

But look over here, this green line. This is 2012. The hunger gap has started a lot earlier, and it's just going to go up and up.

MCKENZIE (voice over): The gap happens between harvest, when the staple food here, millet, gets scarce. Children like 18-month old Goni (ph) are the hardest hit. His hands are bandaged so he doesn't pull on his feeding tube. His mother is in despair.

SAIDI MOHAMMED, AFRICAN MOTHER (through translator): This year is the worst that we ever had because this year I did not harvest anything. Even the seeds didn't grow. You couldn't even eat the seeds because everything was lost.

MCKENZIE (voice over): For years, Saidi Mohammed depended on money sent from relatives working in Libya. But with the revolution, her family and thousands more fled, and the help went with it.

Now Unicef warns that more than a million children could die across the Sahel, but not enough is being done.

TONY LAKE, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, UNICEF: And we have to change things so that they're not living on the brink so that any year, they can tip over with just one more draught `cause the results could be a catastrophe.

MCKENZIE (voice over): But personal tragedies happen every day. And it's often women like Halima Adoum that bear the brunt. She says her crops were destroyed by locusts and draught. Food prices so high that she had to give her four-year-old some Ahmad grass to eat. He died before she could beg for more food.

HALIMA ADOUM, AFRICAN MOTHER (through translator): When my son died, I was in shock. I was just in shock.

MCKENZIE (voice over): Now she is obsessed with just one thing.

ADOUM (through translator): I have nothing for family. Everyday, I am just thinking how am I going to get food, again and again. How am I going to get food?

MCKENZIE (voice over): The question asked by mothers across this parched stretch of Africa. David McKenzie, CNN, Uganda, Chad.


COREN: Well, for more on how you can help the children of the Sahel, just go to and there you'll find information on the Unicef campaign and much more on the countries and people effected by this emerging crisis.

Up next on News Stream, taking off. Hong Kong airport gets the green light to build a third runway, but it's not a smooth takeoff just yet. Environmental concerns still loom large.


COREN: You're looking at the view of Hong Kong, a sparkling skyline across Victoria Harbor. We had some storms come through late this afternoon, but they seem to have cleared, as you can see.

Well Hong Kong is home to one of the world's busiest airports with land so scarce in the city, the airport was built on land mostly re-claimed from the sea, so you would think adding a new runway would be easy.

Unlike expansions at London, Heathrow or Tokyo's Narita, there are no properties to buy or tenants to evict, just open sea. But as Ramy Inocencio explains, the runway's construction could be held up by residents of a very different sort.


RAMY INOCENCIO, CNN ASIA BUSINESS ANALYST (voice over): Hong Kong's international airport. It can handle one arrival or departure every 53 seconds, but if the airport has its way, it'll speed up that pace to one about every 30, thanks to a $18 billion third runway.

The challenge: Can that be done without hurting the environment?

KEVIN POOLE, DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF PROJECTS, HONG KONG AIRPORT: Our aim is to maintain ourselves as a ? as a premiere hub for Asia, internationally for the world.

INOCENCIO (voice over): Kevin Poole is the airport's director of projects. He says it's fundamental to Hong Kong's development.

POOLE: It contributes greatly to GDP and also for the international businesses that base themselves here. In 2008, we predicted that we contributed to some $78 billion of the Hong Kong's GDP, which is about $4.6 percent.

INOCENCIO (voice over): And Hong Kong's airport has big growth plans on the board through 2030. It expects passenger numbers to nearly double to 100 million people and cargo loads to more than double to 9 million tons.

But before ground can be broken for a new runway, ground first needs to exist.

INOCENCIO (on camera): Right behind me in these waters off of Hong Kong International Airport is where the third runway will be built. All the land that's needed will be re-claimed from the sea, a total of 650 hex hairs (ph), that's the area of more than 5,000 Olympic-size swimming pools.

INOCENCIO (voice over): And this near-threatened species, commonly known as the Chinese pink dolphin, would be threatened even more.

TAK CHING HO, TOUR COORDINATOR, HONG KONG DOLPHIN WATCH: We don't want to have the runway because once the land is being taken over by humans, dolphins will not be able to use that area any more.

INOCENCIO (voice over): Tak Ching Ho is a tour coordinator at Hong Kong Dolphin Watch. Over the past decade, she's taken thousands of people to see the dolphins.

HO: --because it will lie right in the middle of this straight area, so that means the dolphins will no longer be able to use this area to travel.

INOCENCIO (voice over): Ho adds, only about 100 resident pink dolphins are left in local waters, thanks to water pollution and boat propellers, but our chat is cut short.

HO: I think that ? that seems to be a dead dolphin.

INOCENCIO (voice over): Ho has spotted this bloated carcass, the first this year.

HO: I'm feeling so sad about it. Yeah. I don't want to sit, really. I wish that they are always happy, and

INOCENCIO (voice over): Ho's tears are a testament to her fear: the pink dolphins' extinction. Other environmental challenges include increased water pollution, air traffic for more passengers and car traffic, and, of course, more noise pollution from more planes.

These all dog Hong Kong's third runway plans. To that, Kevin Poole says this.

POOLE: We appreciate that the (inaudible) need to be convinced that we're genuine and, therefore, we're happy to continue to be challenged by them to do the best we can.

INOCENCIO: And if all the economic and environmental issues can be bridged, the first planes to use the third runway will take to the skies by 2023. Ramy Inocencio, CNN, Hong Kong.


COREN: Well, coming up on News Stream, she was a Muslim, he was a Serb, and a love affair began well before well broke out in Sarajevo 20 years ago. Well, how it came to a tragic end is just ahead, here on CNN.


COREN: Welcome back. IOm Anna Coren in Hong Kong. And youOre watching News Stream. These are your world headlines.

Well, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says Washington will take steps to ease sanctions on Myanmar. She praised the countryOs recent elections, calling the vote a dramatic demonstration of popular will. Well, Clinton says the U.S. wants to send an ambassador to Myanmar and establish a development office.

The advocacy group Invisible Children has posted a second video online about brutal African warlord Joseph Kony and his use of children as soldiers. Beyond Famous takes a closer look at the Lords Resistance Army, international efforts to stop them, and what people can do to help. Well, the groupOs first short film Kony2012 went viral and has being viewed over 112 million times.

The international criminal court says Libya must start making arrangements to hand Saif al Islam Gadhafi over to them immediately. Officials from the court complain that the son of the late Libya leader, Moammar Gadhafi, has not been treated properly since he was captured last year.

There have been emotional scenes in central Athens after a man took his own life there. The 77-year-old reportedly shot himself because austerity measures had made his life so tough. Hundreds of people have left flowers and notes in his memory.

Well, itOs now 20 years since war began in Bosnia. The conflict lasted three-and-a-half years and killed 200,000 people. Well, the fighting arose from the break-up of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s and was fueled by bitter divisions over whether Bosnia should become independent.

Well, its people divided along ethnic lines D Muslims, Serbs and Croats. The war led to EuropeOs worst human rights atrocity since World War II, the slaughter of nearly 8,000 Bosnian Muslims at Srebrenica.

Well, the warOs anniversary evokes many memories. One of them is of a tragic love story said to rival Romeo and Juliet. The romance between a Serb and a Muslim has become a message of hope and peace. And Nic Robertson has their story.


NIC ROBERTSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Their daughterOs photos are fading, but memories of her are not.

OItOs like it happened yesterday,O her father says.

OIt changed our lives,O his wife adds. OWe have fewer friends, go out less.O

Admira Ismic was shot in Sarajevo May 18, 1993. She was fleeing the city and the deadly civil war with her boyfriend, Bosko Brkic. She was a Muslim, he was an Eastern Orthodox Serb. Childhood sweethearts from opposite sides of the ethnic religious divide. They were just 25.

They were walking across this bridge, it was incredibly dangerous, right between the two front lines. And then a shot range out. Bosko fell dead to the ground, killed by a sniperOs bullet. And another shot. Admira was hit. Instead of crawling away, she moved over to her lover, put her arm around him, and died there.

For eight days no one dared get their bodies. Eventually Serb soldiers took them to a nearby barracks for burial. AdmiraOs Muslim parents couldnOt cross the front line. Only BoskoOs Serb mother could get there.

19 years later, her pain has barely ebbed.

OI keep trying to make sense of it,O she says. OThey were innocent. There was no battle going on there.O

Admira and BoskoOs love defied the corrosive, ethnic hatred that erupted in Bosnia following the breakup of the former Yugoslavia. In death, they became known as Romeo and Juliet.

OI donOt care. I donOt know who the killer is,O she says. OEven if they gave him 100 years in jail, even killed him, what difference would it make?O

For AdmiraOs parents, too, retribution no longer important.

OI kept thinking what would I do if the killer came to my door,O her mother says. OMy husband wouldnOt look at him. I always thought I could strangle him, but after all this time I wouldnOt care. What would it mean now?O

Romeo and Juliet, Admira and Bosko, now share a grave in SarajevoOs famous Lion Cemetery. At their feet, the grave of the world class American reporter Kurt Schork who first told their story and helped their parents.

BoskoOs mother is ill, now lives half a dayOs drive a day away in neighboring Serbia, unable to visit as much as sheOd like. But still good friends with the in-laws she almost had. Across the ethnic divide, both families united in blaming their political leaders.

OIOm sorry the war happened,O she says. OIt neednOt have been. So many people died in vain.O

OMay war not happen again,O he says.

His wife adding, Oso no mother need cry over her baby again.O

19 years after their death, Admira and Bosko still a beacon for a better future.

Nic Robertson, CNN, Sarajevo, Bosnia Herzegovina.


COREN: Well 161 people have been indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. The last suspect at large was finally arrested late last year. Goran Harajic (ph) is a former Croatian- Serb rebel leader. His capture came less than two months after the arrest of Ratko Mladic.

Well, he is the former leader of the Bosnian-Serb army. Mladic was finally found in Serbia after more than 15 years on the run. He is accused of leading a campaign of ethnic cleansing against BosniaOs Muslim and Croat populations that included the shelling of Sarajevo and the torture, abuse and rape of civilians. Well, his war crimes trial is scheduled to begin in May.

Well, his boss was Radovan Karadzic. And he is currently on trial. The former Serb leader has been called the butcher of Bosnia. HeOs believed to have ordered the slaughter of up to 8,000 Muslim men and boys in Srebrenica, a supposed UN safe haven.

Well, do remember that Karadzic and his general Mladic had the support of this man, Slobodan Milosevic. And he was president of Serbia for eight years until becoming president of Yugoslavia in 1997. Milosevic was the first sitting head of state indicted by a UN tribunal. Well, he died in his cell at The Hague back in 2006.

Well, itOs a whole new way to look at the world. Ahead on News Stream, imagine being able to check your texts, tweets, status updates and everything else with the blink of an eye. GoogleOs vision alerting glasses, thatOs coming up next.


COREN: Well, the opening major of the menOs golf season gets underway at Augusta, Georgia later today. Although there are a bundle of big names set to tee off, itOs Tiger Woods and Rory McIlroy that are all the talk. CNNOs Patrick Snell reports with Shane OODonahue.


PATRICK SNELL, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: IOm joined now by RoryOs great mate and Living Golf host Shane OODonoghue. Shane, how do you feel Rory has changed in the past year?

SHANE OODONOGHUE, HOST, CNN LIVING GOLF: Well, itOs been a hugely maturing experience for him. You know he came in as a winner. HeOs been bullet proof, really, for many years since he burst onto the scene as a 17- year-old. But this was a serious upset to the system. And he had to dig deep. He had to search inside himself.

And he did so by calling on people who he respected, who he knew could offer invaluable insight. And they are likes of Jack Nicholas, who has won here six times, the likes of Greg Norman who has lost on every occasion that heOs been in contention. And he also spoke to Alex Ferguson, the manager with Manchester United, PatrickOs favorite team, about just getting the most out of himself and learning from his mistakes.

So he did all that in the space of 10 weeks. He came back as a U.S. Open Champion. So he is much stronger. He has won many times since. And heOs won again recently, getting himself into the number one position in the world rankings. HeOs lost subsequently, but donOt surprised if he gets that back. HeOs a different beast now.

SNELL: Now Rory, a very popular player. We know that from the reaction he gets out there with all the fans. A lot of talk about him this week, and of course Tiger Woods we know why. Woods returning to winning ways recently on the PGA Tour for the first time since 2009. But that hasnOt gone down too well with the rest of the field here.

LEE WESTWOOD, GOLFER: Rory has never won it. Tiger has not won it since 2005. So, I think everybody in this room would have to nave to think it was a two horse race, wouldnOt they? ItOs more D Phil and I might have a little bit of something to say about that.

LUKE DONALD, GOLFER: Tiger is always the guy that pushes the needle the most. And obviously Rory gets a lot of attention now. But, you know, for me thatOs probably a good thing. IOm going to go about my business and just get on with things.

CHARL SCHWARTZEL, GOLFER: Tiger has obviously won again and playing very good. Rory is playing well. Both playing well. Luke D you know, all the guys D but to me, I go about my business as I normally do. I feel D and I know if I play my best I can compete with anyone. So, you know, thatOs the way I look at it.

SNELL: All right, Shane, letOs bring you back in. So if itOs not Rory, if itOs not Tiger, who do you say?

OODONOGHUE: Well, it is a real discussion now about the handing over from one generation to next, from Tiger to Rory, so they obviously dominate. But you cannot overlook those in the top 10 in the world. So many of them are really in peak condition coming into this 2012 Masters. DonOt overlook the defending champion Charl Schwartzel. Whatever you do, do not discount the chances of Phil Mickelson. HeOs won here twice since Tiger won his last green jacket back in 2005.

ThereOs the world number one Luke Donald who comes in here brimming with confidence. You know, heOs had eight months effectively as world number one. He just lost it for two weeks to Rory. And heOs got an all around game. And he really wants to prove his meddle here, because itOs the only thing missing from his armory as a major title.

Lee Westwood desperately wants to prove that he, you know, can win these things now because heOs done pretty much everything else and heOs contended here in the past.

But Charl Schwartzel will be my outsider amongst those top 10 guys. But for me, it really is the Tiger and Rory show.

SNELL: All right, Shane, weOll leave it there. For Shane OODonoghue, IOm Patrick Snell, CNN, Augusta, Georgia.


COREN: Well, a few years ago we told you about the rise of augmented reality. And letOs have our Kristie Lu Stout explain what that is.


KRISTIE LU STOUT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Imagine youOre looking through the eyes of the terminator.

In Terminator 2, Arnold SchwarzeneggerOs character scans a bar to find an outfit to wear. As he looks at people, their clothing sizes appear on screen, laying information from the digital world like that onto the real world is called augmented reality, or AR.


COREN: Augmented reality apps have been available on phones and tablets for awhile now, but to replicate the terminator experience, you need to hold your iPad in front of your face the whole time.

Well now Google is going a step further with these glasses with an internet connection.

Well, take a look at how it works.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yeah. Meet me in front of Strand Books at 2:00.


COREN: Well, the glasses basically take all the information a modern smartphone can provide, but without the phone. It displays information straight to your eyes. And is controlled via voice.

Well, Google says the glasses are a combination of what theyOve been working towards.


DANIEL ALEGRE, PRESIDENT, GOOGLE ASIA: We think that the internet will become ubiquitous with the way people interact. There is really no difference as time progresses between offline and online. When youOre walking down the street and you take a picture of something with your mobile phone, is that an offline experience or is that an online experience? And thatOs why Google glasses and what weOre doing in terms of innovation of blending the offline and the online world is a critical part of what Google is trying to bring to the worldOs consumer.


COREN: Well, Google says the glasses are just a research project. And thereOs no set date for their release. But in February, the New York Times reported that they could be released by the end of the year for up to 600 US dollars.

Well, while weOre on the subject of futuristic technology, how about a flying car? ThatOs right, a flying car. Well, Peter Valdes-Dapena reports on the big attraction at the New York auto show.


PETER VALDES-DAPENA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: At this yearOs New York Auto Show, probably the thing people are talking about the most is this D itOs a flying car, or an airplane you can drive on the road. Either way you want to think about it.

We talked to the CEO about why someone might want something like this. And how fuel efficient it is.

CARL DIETRICH, TERRAFUGIA CO-FOUNDER: What weOre doing with (inaudible) transition is weOre bringing a product to market that you can count on to get where you want to go no matter what happens with the weather. ItOs a product that brings a new level of convenience to general aviation, because you can keep this plane at home in your garage. You donOt have to rent a hanger. You fill it up on super unleaded gasoline at the gas station just like your car, which is 35 percent less expensive than aviation fuel. And it gets better gas mileage than most cars on the road.

VALDES- DAPENA: How is it? How does this actually get better gas mileage than a dedicated automobile?

DIETRICH: Well, itOs a very light-weight vehicle. ItOs made from carbon fiber. So the empty weight of this vehicle is actually less than 1,000 pounds. So that reduces the rolling resistance on the ground. ItOs relatively aerodynamic, either with the wings folded up. And it D one of the biggest thing is just that itOs got a 100 horsepower engine thatOs very fuel efficient.

VALDES-DAPENA: For CNN Money, IOm Peter Valdes-Dapena.


COREN: Well, coming up on News Stream, a group of baseball players is pledging to fight modern day slavery and human trafficking. That story ahead on CNN.


COREN: WeOve been talking about the drought through many parts of Africa such as in the Sahel, but the opposite is happening in Kenya. Our meteorologist Jen Delgado has the details. Hello, Jen, whatOs happening?

JEN DELGADO, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Anna. Yeah, weOve been talking about the drought through parts of Africa. We talked about central-northern Africa. Well, now weOre hearing another story, this coming out of Kenya as well as Nairobi. The area there in Tanzania has been picking up some very heavy rainfall as I show you on your graphic here, weOre talking some of these location. Anywhere youOre looking at say the red as well as going into the purple shading there, weOre talking about 40 to 80 millimeters of rainfall. And this is having a devastating effect across the region. Now weOre hearing reports of deaths due to landslides that are happening in the region.

If I show you on our graphic here, if youOre seeing these homes here, these are shanty homes. And notice how tightly packed they are. Well, whatOs been happening is days of heavy rainfall basically sending rock down the mountains and down the grassland there into these homes.

Now let me show you some of the damage left behind. LetOs go to this video. And now people are out there trying to search for people from these homes that have actually been buried in the rock. Residents are using their bare hands, because the weather has been so bad and the roads have been blocked off, you canOt get the right equipment and the tools you need to help kind of relieve this effort across this part of Nairobi, Kenya.

And the unfortunate thing is we are dealing with the rainiest months of the season D April. This is typically, they see about 200 millimeters of rainfall for that month. And even through itOs May itOs rainy. We start to see things drying out as we widen up this graphic for you and I want to show you a bit more with the band of moisture that moves through parts of Africa.

This is actually all due to the Intertropical Convergence Zone, the ITCZ. And you can kind of see that band there as it moves from east to west. That is going to be lifting up towards north as we move into North AmericaOs summer. And that is whatOs responsible for triggering those hurricanes and tropical systems coming off the Atlantic Ocean.

We are going to talk more about weather. Stay with us.

COREN: Jen Delgado, many thanks for that.

Well, the CNN Freedom Project is heading to the baseball diamond. A growing number of Major League Baseball players are joining forces to stop child trafficking. TheyOre making every pitch, home run, and strikeout count. Now Mark McKay explains how fans can help as well.


MARK MCKAY, CNN CORREPSONDENT: Spring is in the air, and baseball is back. Major League teams have been in Florida and Arizona training for a long, hard season. ItOs a fresh start, an even playing field for teams hoping to win the World Series.

But before these players get on the field, some are hoping to fight an off the field problem, helping children who have fallen victim to slavery and human trafficking.

JEREMY AFFELOT, SAN FRANCISCO GIANTS PITCHER: This is an opportunity for us as ball players to join together as one unit as a team to come together and support something thatOs very, very important, especially for people who dream. And when kids get trafficked it kills their dreams. WeOve been provided tons of opportunities to dream, weOve accomplished our dream.

MCKAY: Last year we brought you the story of Jeremy Affelot, the San Francisco Giants pitcher is one of the most vocal athletes helping to fight slavery. For every strikeout he pitched, Affelot donated $250 for Not for SaleOs free to play campaign, which funds athletic programs for children who have been trafficked or exploited.

Last year, Affelot convinced his friend Matt Holliday of the St. Louis Cardinals to take up the cause. Now more than 17 players have joined the fight from pitchers to position players on at least nine different teams. Players like pitcher Jaime Garcia, who became concerned about the issue of trafficking in his home state of Mexico.

JAIME GARCIA, ST. LOUIS CARDINALS PITCHER: Kidnapped with the human trafficking with the, you know, little boys for going to the drug cartels and then the little girls into prostitution and things like that. ItOs just D you see it all the time in Mexico.

Yeah, I think most of the time you donOt really do something about it, because you know youOre afraid. You know, youOre family and you donOt want to really get too involved, but I think this is a great way to help out.

MCKAY: Arizona Diamondback shortstop Stephen Drew has been nursing a broken ankle. But once heOs back to form, heOs pledged $500 for every homerun he hits, money he hopes will help children pursue their dreams.

STEPHEN DREW, ARIZONA DIAMONDBACKS SHORT STOP: ItOs very tough. You know, itOs a tough subject. You know, a lot of people donOt like to talk about that. But at the same time IOve got, you know, IOve got a two-and-a- half year old and IOve got a seventh month and theyOre both boys. And I look at that and I look at what if their dreams, you know, were ruined, you know at the age of 10. As a father, IOd be outraged.

PAUL GOLDSCHMIDT, ARIZONA DIAMONBACKS FIRST BASEMAN: To be honest, I didnOt even know it was an issue in the world. And glad that, you know, people are out there trying to help kids and people all over the world.

JOSH COLLMENTER, ARIZONA DIAMONDBACKS PITCHER: ItOs definitely something that I wanted to make sure I did was be able to give back to the community and be a role model and help out where you can.

MCKAY: And itOs not just players who can help. Not for Sale has launched a Facebook ad allowing baseball fans to create their own fantasy team to raise money.

DAVE BATSTONE, FOUNDER, NOT FOR SALE: A fan can chose a team for their favorite team, their favorite player, their favorite stat and pledge 50 cents, a dime, it doesnOt matter what the money is, but they can participate. ThatOs going to raise this program to another level.

MCKAY: Fans can donate based on any playerOs achievements, even if that player is not himself pledging.

BATSTONE: It really creates this community around we love baseball and weOre going to use it in a way that all kids around the world are free to play.

MCKAY: Mark McKay, CNN.


COREN: Well, if you would like to take part in the free to play campaign, log on to Facebook and search for Not for Sale, then click the Free to Play app.

Well, that does it for us here at News Stream. But the news certainly continues at CNN. World Business Today is coming up next.