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STUDENT NEWS

Dispute Over East China Sea Islands; Augusta Admits Women

Aired August 21, 2012 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Imagine showing up to your football team`s first practice and one of your coaches is a Super Bowl champion. It happened. Today, we are going to tell you how the team`s first game went. I`m Carl Azuz. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS.

First up today, we are heading over to Asia, specifically to the East China Sea. You can see it coming up here on this map in just a moment, on one side of it, there is China, on the other side, Japan. There is a chain of islands in the East China Sea. China calls these islands Diaoyu, Japan calls them Senkaku.

No one lives on the islands, they are uninhabited. But when someone lands on one of them, like this group of Japanese did on Sunday, it can lead to serious anger. For example, this was the reaction in China after the Japanese landing. Angry protesters gathered in cities around China. They turned over Japanese cars and they burned Japanese flags. The explanation for the anger is that China and Japan each say that the islands belong to them. The reason that matters, is because whichever country owns the islands, gets exclusive rights to the oil, minerals and fishing in the water around the islands. This dispute is going on for decades, and the Japanese landing on Sunday wasn`t the first from either country. In fact, a group of Chinese landed on that same island last week.

We are going to stay in Japan for our next story. Last year, an earthquake and tsunami caused a disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Two months later, researchers started looking at how the nuclear disaster might impact the environment around it. One thing they found, mutants. And not people, we are talking about butterflies. Some of them had abnormal legs or antennae. Others had dents in their eyes. There were also changes in some of the butterflies` wings and color patterns. The scientists determined that the radiation from the nuclear plant disaster caused genetic damage to the insects. One researcher said humans shouldn`t have to worry about this kind of mutation, because people are more resistant to radiation.

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UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the "Shoutout." What city is hosting this year`s Republican National Convention? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Is it Charlotte, North Carolina, Tampa, Florida, St. Paul, Minnesota or Denver, Colorado? You`ve got three seconds. Go. Tampa is hosting this year`s Republican Convention, which starts next Monday. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

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AZUZ: That convention doesn`t start until next week. But a group of Republicans is in Tampa right now and what they are working on could guide the political party for the next four years. The group is called the platform committee. It comes up with the party`s official position on a wide range of political issues. Things like government spending, immigration, taxes. Coming up with the platform is an important job and a tough one. Within one party, there could be different opinions on an issue. If the committee comes up with a platform that most party members agree with, it can create unity. If the platform has some controversial positions, it cal lead to debate among the party members. One of the first things that happens at a national convention is that the convention delegates vote on whether to adopt the platform. So that platform can set the tone for the entire event. We are going to have a lot more coverage on the conventions, the Republicans next week and the Democrats the week after. So keep an eye out for that on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

A significant and positive time for Augusta National Golf Club. Now, that`s how the club`s president, Billy Payne described the decision that changed Augusta`s membership policy. For the first time since it opened 80 years ago, women will be allowed into the private club. These are the first two women who will become members of Augusta National. On the left, former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice; on the right, South Carolina businesswoman Darla Moore. Augusta is home to the Masters, one of golf`s biggest tournaments. There were times in the past decade or so, when that tournament was nearly overshadowed by the controversy surrounding the private club`s former men-only membership policy. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the "Shoutout Extracredit." What military ship is also known as "Old Ironsides?" You know what to do. Is it the USS Monitor, HMS Bounty, USS Constitution or Battleship Potemkin? We wind that clock to three seconds and go. "Old Ironsides" is the nickname of the USS Constitution, the world`s oldest commissioned warship. That`s your answer and that`s your "Shoutout Extracredit."

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AZUZ: USS Constitution got that nickname of "Old Ironsides" in the war of 1812. During that conflict, the ship defeated four British ships. In order to mark the 200th anniversary of one of those victories, "Old Ironsides" went out for a spin this weekend. 17 minutes and 1100 yards. Not bad for a ship that first set sail in 1797. In fact, this was just a second time in 130 years that the Constitution sailed under her own power. The ship was back in its pier by Sunday afternoon and ready to get back to its day job. Constitution is also a museum that gets more than half a million visitors every year.

These young people and their parents are attending a state dinner at the White House. It`s not for a world leader. These folks are the guests of honor. 54 winners, all between the ages of 8 and 12, from the healthy lunchtime challenge. They were invited to join first lady Michelle Obama for this special celebration on Monday. The challenge was for the young people to come up with the lunch recipe that`s healthy and affordable. Some of the winners included recipes for stuffed red peppers, rainbow salad with black beans and lemon and a pesto pasta. The first lady said all the recipes hit the spot.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MICHELLE OBAMA, FIRST LADY: You came up with dishes that were packed with nutritious, delicious ingredients, dishes that are good for you, but more importantly they taste good, too. See, it can happen. Healthy and tasty at the same time.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DAPHNE: Hi, I`m Daphne from I-Report.com. We want to see your photos of the first day of school from around the world. You can find the ling to upload at cnnstudentnews.com. We look forward to seeing your photos.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: The football team at Mississippi`s Oak Grove High started off the school year with a pretty big win, it was 64 to six. The first touchdown came in a trick play designed by the school`s offensive coordinator. Now, that is him right there in the hat. And it`s not everyday that a Harrisburg, Mississippi assistant high school football coach makes international news. But this one also has a Super Bowl win, three NFL MVP awards and a ton of passing records. It`s Brett Favre. He is retired from the NFL, now he is a coach for his local high school. It seems like his new career is off to a pretty good start.

When you go to give a dog a bath, a lot of times you wind up in a situation that`s kind of like a race. You`ve got to go ahead and get the towel wrapped around him when he is wet before he shakes himself dry and totally soaks you in the process. Now, it turns out, the way the dogs shakes themselves dry actually had some scientists shaking their heads. So, Jeanne Moos explains what they found out.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It may not be research that`s earth- shaking, but it`s definitely dog-shaking and pig-shaking and even rat- shaking. Most of us try to avoid getting showered by the dog shake, but researchers at Georgia Tech decided to study it.

DR. DAVID HU, GEORGIA TECH: They can actually do a miraculous job of drying themselves.

MOOS: They used a high-speed camera to record the shakes resulting in images so stirring, that the journal "Nature" put them to waltz music.

A mouse shakes around 30 times per second.

HU: They basically compensate for their size by shaking faster.

MOOS: Our dogs shake about four times a second leaving them 70 percent dry within one to four seconds.

Now we, humans, don`t want loose flesh, but on a dog it comes in handy.

That loose skin increases the speed at which the water is whipped away, while the dog`s backbone goes back and forth only 30 degrees.

HU: The skin will go back and forth 90 degrees to the right and 90 degrees to the left. And that`s only possible because it`s loose enough to perform this whipping action around the body.

MOOS: Increasing the force nine times, hey, a vigorous whipping sure beats sitting under the blow dryer. The researchers even went to the zoo and recorded a lion. Dr. David Hu says furry mammals probably developed this shaking mechanism to avoid staying wet and getting hypothermia. Goats do it, even sheep shake.

HU: The sheep has some style when it shakes.

MOOS: The Georgia Tech team even managed to x-ray shaking. This guy looks like a rat at a disco. Jeanne Moos, CNN, New York.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: These researchers really got into their work. We guess you could say this was their pet project. All right, all right. I hear you groaning, and we admit, some of our puns may totally seem watered down. All we ask is that you give them a fair shake. Enjoy the rest of your day. For CNN STUDENT NEWS, I`m Carl Azuz.

END