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NEWS STREAM

Malala Yousafzai Moved To More Advanced Hospital Near Islamabad; USADA Releases Findings Of Lance Armstrong's Case; Space Shuttle Endeavor Plans Road Trip To California Science Center; Chinese Writer Mo Yan Wins Nobel Prize; U.S. Scientists Continue Quest For Perfect Battery

Aired October 11, 2012 - 8:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


JIM CLANCY, HOST: I'm Jim Clancy at CNN Center. Welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.

We begin our report in Turkey where there are officials saying they found military communications gear on a plane bound for Syria. It was forced down. We're live with the latest.

Also ahead, doctors say the condition of that Pakistani teenage blogger who was shot by the Taliban is now critical. The 14 year old victim is being moved to a different hospital.

Allegations, the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program ever seen in sport was run by Lance Armstrong. The new claims facing the winner, multi-time winner, of the Tour de France.

The plane took off from Moscow. It was bound for Syria, but it was forced to land in Ankara, Turkey today. Turkish authorities saying they had perceived - received intelligence that the plane was carrying military equipment bound for the Syrian government. Now officials searched that plane and they confiscated 10 boxes, or crates - it's not clear. Turkish reports say that those crates contained parts for military communications gear intended for the Syrian defense ministry. The plane was allowed to continue its journey early on Thursday with its passengers.

For more on the incident, let's join Ivan Watson in Istanbul. Ivan, what details are emerging, if any?

IVAN WATSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Jim, the Syrian government in Damascus has slammed its former ally Turkey, accusing it of an act of piracy after it says Turkish F-16 warplanes forced this passenger plane to land in the Turkish capital Ankara while on route from Moscow to Damascus. They're saying this is a violation of Syrian sovereignty.

Russia has also voiced complaints saying that during the eight hours that the plane was on the ground in Ankara being searched that Turkish authorities did not allow Russian diplomats and doctors to visit some of the 17 Russian citizens who were on board that plane and later allowed to leave with the plane after being detained for hours onwards, on its route to Damascus.

Now the Turkish authorities haven't really added much, many details to what they said last night in unusual statement on television by the Turkish foreign minister Ahmet Davulogiu, he indicated the Turkey would not tolerate Turkish air space to be used for the transport of military equipment across to Syria. And it's important to note that in recent months, in past months, Turkey has intercepted trucks, for example, and planes en route from Iran to Syria. This is the first time that we've seen something originating from Russia en route to Syria that was stopped by Turkish authorities.

We haven't had an official statement yet from the Turkish government as to what they confiscated from on board this Syrian Airlines plane, but Turkish state media have reported that at least 10 containers were grabbed that had something like military communications equipment. We're waiting to hear an answer from the Turkish government, an update on just what they found aboard that plane - Jim.

CLANCY: This increases tensions in the region. And, you know, even with Syria they call this an act of piracy, it increases the tensions. And it's not just this airplane is it?

WATSON: No, no. Another important point, the Turks have informed Turkish planes to stop using Syrian airspace. And this is as the border tensions have continued to escalate along the border after days of shelling and artillery duels across the Syrian-Turkish border over the course of the last week-and-a-half. And now the top Turkish military commander touring that frontier on Wednesday and indicating in comments that were overheard by Turkish journalists that if Syria continues to fire into Turkish territory that the Turks may step up their retaliatory measures in the past week-and-a-half. They've just lobbed shells across the border, but he was indicating that further steps could be taken as well.

Meanwhile, Syria, according to Turkey's transport ministry has stopped within the last week, buying Turkish electricity, according to reports that receives 20 percent of its electricity from Turkey and a sign of how close the economic ties were between the two countries before the Syrian uprising really ruptured the relations between these two neighbors. So, an increasingly tense situation along the border. That in addition to 100 plus thousand Syrian refugees currently being housed by Turkish authorities, just gives you a sign of how volatile that border is and how much both countries' securities are at risk due to the escalating tensions, Jim.

CLANCY: Ivan Watson wrapping up some of the tensions there in the region with his downed plane. Details on that one still emerging. Ivan, thanks. Keep us posted.

Meantime, inside Syria, a new flashpoint in that civil war, Maratnuman , it's in the northwestern part of the country on a highway between the north and Damascus. Nick Paton-Walsh reports control of this strategically important city is tenuous in the ever changing landscape.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

NICK PATON-WALSH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Amid continued violence across today, rebels claim their on the verge of a key success taking a vital town on the highway from the north towards the capital.

They fought for so many towns and sometimes lost, but say this one is different. Both sides bitterly once Meratnuman and it's on the highway from the north to Damascus, a vital artery defended then abandoned in part. Rebels claim yesterday they had most of it, but like the fate of their prisoners, it's rarely that simple.

It's the regime's substantial air power, this helicopter and later a MiG that could always bomb back a rebel force with makeshift weapons meaning in the past, celebrations have been premature.

They'll be hoping to see more scenes like these in this town: regime troops waving the white flag, pinned down out of ammunition, surrendering, they hope, to a fate better than dying in battle.

One activist filmed these pictures of a convoy of regime troops and loyalists heading north toward Meratnuman . And you can see by their numbers, how much Assad's government needs to hold on to the town.

With holding it could cut the regime's links north from Damascus, impossible to divine in this brutal, shifting battlefield.

The rebels insisted today that they are more unified in their command, political and military wings are talking to each other, and that they're changing their tactics. They're no longer looking to try and defend territory, they've taken so much from the regime, they're more looking to continue to be on the move forwards, a bid to try and change that feeling of stalemate that sunk in across much of the north.

The past few days, though, have seen significant bits of territory changing hands. The rebels, it really is simply a case, though of whether they can hold them. As you've seen in that package, the convoy of regime forces moves forwards, the air power comes in. And rebels are so often pushed back in this incredibly fluid conflict.

Violence continuing across the country today, though, heavy fighting in Aleppo, also images released showing the use of a homemade TNT barrel bomb by the regime on a district in Homs.

But also today, a response from the Syrian foreign ministry to a suggestion that the Syrian government should implement a unilateral ceasefire right now, that came from Ban Ki-moon, the UN chief. The Syrian foreign ministry partially dismissing that, saying they have offered it and tried it before, but it was taken advantage of by rebel groups who continue to fight and use that lull to advance on key positions.

So today, this vital fight for one strategic town continuing. Both sides obviously key to retain control of it, but it's very hard to tell what that will do to this now 19 month long conflict.

Nick Paton-Walsh, CNN, Beirut.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

CLANCY: For the first time, the United Nations is formally recognizing today, October 11, as the international day of the girl. The campaigns message pretty simple: with the right education, the right support, girls can literally change the world. Some of the world's most famous landmarks have been lit up pink in honor of the day. This was Niagra Falls in Canada. It was illuminated overnight. So was Sweden's Ericsson Globe Arena. And look here, Finaldia Hall in Helsinki.

Well, the day has some special meaning in Pakistan where a 14-year-old activist remains hospitalized. She was shot by Taliban gunmen this week simply because she believes and stands up for girls in her country getting an education. Doctors say Malala Yousafzai's condition has taken a turn for the worse now. Reza Sayah joins me from Islamabad.

Reza, what's the latest?

REZA SAYAH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Let's get you some new and fresh information just getting into us. About 25 minutes ago, Malala was transferred to a hospital in Rawalpindi, this is a garrison city adjacent to Islamabad where we are. This is a much better facility with more advanced equipment than the hospital that had been treating her over the past 24, 48 hours in Peshawar in northwest Pakistan.

Earlier this afternoon, a helicopter transported Malala to Rawalpindi. We have a CNN producer at the hospital. And he described quite a scene when this helicopter arrived. He said a convoy of about 20 vehicles, many of them military vehicles with armed men escorted Malala's ambulance to the hospital, that's where she is at this point.

We want to be very careful in describing her condition, because we simply don't have all the details at this point, but based on what her doctor is telling us, it looks like her condition deteriorated somewhat during the overnight hours. The doctor saying she has a condition called cerebral edema. This is the swelling of the brain because of the accumulation of water. Yesterday, Jim, of course her condition was described as satisfactory. During the overnight hours, the doctors are saying her condition turned to critical. A lot of people, her family, her many admirers on edge right now hoping and praying that she's recovering. And at this point she's getting treatment at a much better hospital in Rawalpindi.

CLANCY: This shocked a lot of people, perhaps some people were braced for it because they knew how risky it was for her to support - her to stand up I should say and challenge the Taliban on her blog. What are they saying today? What is the family saying? What are government officials saying and people in general?

SAYAH: Well, it's a mixture of condemnation and support. And I haven't seen this kind of reaction in a long time. I think the last time you had this kind of widespread reaction in Pakistan it was when former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in 2007, that's the type of impact this mini-activist, this 14 year old has had on this country.

You've had condemnation from places like the UN, Washington, the Afghan government, Pakistani government. You've also had an outpouring of support, especially from schools throughout the country. The boys and girls in these schools holding prayer vigils, writing banners, personal letters, get well cards. This is a girl who inspires the youth in Pakistan by speaking out against the Taliban.

And we should point out in going across the country in Pakistan, many girls have her values. They talk like her, but they haven't dared to talk publicly. They saw Malala talk publicly. And that really inspired them.

Today, we were talking to many of them. And some of them literally said we're going to change the way we live because of this young girl.

CLANCY: Reza Sayah there continuing to cover the condition of Malala Yousafzai as she remains hospitalized in a new hospital, better hospital as Reza tells us. Reza, thanks for bringing us an update.

Gunmen have shot and killed a U.S. employee at the embassy in Sanaa, Yemen. Interior Ministry officials say he was a Yemeni national. He worked as a security official, a top official. He was on his way to work when he was killed.

The ministry says he was leading the investigation into an earlier attack on the embassy. That happened last month. Protesters enraged over an anti-Islamic film took part in that. It is unclear who is behind this attack, but officials say it has the hallmarks of al Qaeda.

You're watching News Stream. Barack Obama got poor reviews in his first presidential debate against Mitt Romney. Ahead, we'll let you hear what he's saying about his own performance that night.

The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency disclosing a pile of evidence in its case against Lance Armstrong. His lawyer calls it a one-sided hatchet job.

And you've got the latest phone, the latest laptop, if only you didn't have to charge them every two seconds. Our quest for the ultimate battery is ahead. Stay with us.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

CLANCY: The pressure is on the U.S. vice presidential candidates today. They're gearing up for their only debate of this entire campaign. Republican ticket of course got a big boost last week. Mitt Romney widely seen as way out performing President Barack Obama in their first face-off. Mr. Obama is doing some damage control right now in an interview he says he was simply too polite. Here's how he summed it up to ABC News.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Well, Governor Romney had a good night. I had a bad night.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: How bad?

OBAMA: Well, it's not the first time I've had a bad night. But I think what's important is that the fundamentals of what this race is about haven't changed.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

CLANCY: All right. The Democrats are reeling. They were ahead. Now the polls have these two candidates neck and neck. So the stakes are running high for both running mates.

CNN political editor Paul Steinhauser joins us from Danville, Kentucky, that's where the debate will take place later on Thursday.

Paul, give us a wrap-up.

PAUL STEINHAUSER, CNN POLITICAL EDITOR: Hey, good morning, Jim, from central Kentucky, Danville. You know, it's pretty cold right now, but it's definitely going to heat up politically this evening.

In about 13 hours from right now behind me here in Center College, this is going to be the only showdown, the only debate between Vice President Joe Biden and the Republican running mate Congressman Paul Ryan of Wisconsin.

And I think it's fair to say, there's more at stake now in this vice presidential debate than there was about a few days ago. Why? The polls have tightened up. The polls conducted nationally and in the crucial battleground states have tightened up since that first presidential debate. So I think there's probably more at stake now.

The Romney campaign would like to see that momentum continued. They'd like to see a strong performance from Congressman Ryan. The Obama campaign of course would like to see a strong performance and an aggressive vice president Joe Biden would like to try to shift the dynamic in this battle for the White House.

Take a look at this live pictures inside the hall right now, the hall behind me, and take a look at the setup on the stage. The vice president and Congressman Ryan will be sitting, sitting at the same table alongside of the moderator Martha Raddatz.

Now, yesterday I was able to speak to Frank Fahrenkopf. He is the co- chairman of the commission on presidential debates. Take a listen to what he had to say.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

FRANK FAHRENKOPF, COMMISSION ON PRESIDENTIAL DEBATES CO-CHAIRMAN: It's going to be very similar way to the start of the Colorado debate that we had, except that these two will be seated at a table rather than standing at podiums. The vice president, if you're in the audience and looking as people will on television, the vice president will be on the left, the congressman will be on the right.

By a flip of a coin - you know, we're very scientific in these things. The first question will be addressed to Vice President Biden. He will have two minutes to respond, then Mr. Ryan will have two minutes to respond. And then Martha Raddatz, the moderator, will for four minutes have an ability to drill down and see if they can, you know, get some real exchange going.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

STEINHAUSER: A little taste there of how things will play out tonight. Overall, a 90 minute debate, 9, 10 minute segments. They're going to talk about domestic issues, but they're also going to talk about foreign policy. Maybe those - got a hearing going on right now in Washington over the attack in Libya and the killing of the U.S. ambassador there.

President - Vice President Joe Biden arrives here in Kentucky in a few hours. Paul Ryan already here. We are getting ready for the big showdown tonight.

Jim, back to you.

CLANCY: All right. We'll be watching, Paul. Thanks so much for bringing us up to date.

This reminder, CNN your destination for full coverage of the 2012 U.S. election. Join us as Joe Biden and Paul Ryan square off in the one and only vice presidential debate. See it live, see it here starting at 8:00 am on Friday in Hong Kong, or why not watch the replay, that's Friday night at 7:00. It will all take place - it will take the place, I should say, of News Stream.

So right about now, you'll be seeing the replay.

Still ahead, they power your smart phones, they power our laptops, but what's being done to give Lithium Ion batteries a boost? We're going to show you one company's, well I could say, electrifying idea.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

CLANCY: Welcome back to News Stream.

In just a matter of two weeks, Microsoft is set to release that new version of Windows, the one that will run on tablets as well as PCs. And it looks like, well, the timing couldn't have been better. A new study says the PC market slumped, and slumped dramatically in the last two months alone.

And IDC study says PC shipments dropped 8 percent in the third quarter. Putting it in perspective, that's more than 8 million fewer computers shipped than last year.

Now I want to put sales of computers into perspective as well now, IDC says HP still the world's biggest computer maker. They said HP shipped almost 14 million computers in the third quarter. But Apple sold 17 million iPads in that same quarter. And that was almost double the previous year, signs of a big shift in what devices people are using.

Now some of them are keeping their PCs, but they're buying a new tablet.

Now whether you use a tablet or a laptop, you may have noticed something, our devices, they've gotten a lot faster. They've gotten even smaller and lighter over the years, but battery life it really hasn't improved that much at all. A lot of claims, but not in the real world.

CNN Money's Jason Sanchez explains why and shows us how one group is trying to fix it.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

JASON SANCHEZ, CNN MONEY CORRESPONDENT: Lithium-ion batteries are in everything from smart phones to laptops to electric cars. The biggest complaint about these batteries is that they just don't last long enough, and that's because with lithium-ion, the more energy it harnesses, the heavier it is.

Enter Argonne National Laboratory, located 30 minutes outside of Chicago, Argonne's battery labs have more than $10 million in funding from the U.S. government. Researchers here work with other national labs, universities and companies like Dow Chemical and 3M.

JEFF CHAMBERLAIN, ARGONNE ENERGY STORAGE INITIATIVE: The big picture is we're a bunch of scientists and engineers working on materials and systems to be able to more efficiently, cost effectively and safely store and release energy.

SANCHEZ: Jeff Chamberlain heads up research and development for Argonne's Energy Storage Initiative.

CHAMBERLAIN: We started performing research in the mid-90s thinking about capitalizing on the innovation that was intended for electronics and figuring out a way to make it lightweight, usable battery for transportation. Now, 2010, 2011, 2012, vehicles are getting on the road that actually have that technology in it.

SANCHEZ: Vehicles like the Chevy Volt, GM's plug-in hybrid, include technology originally developed here at Argonne. Now, researchers say they can get more power out of a lighter battery and bring down manufacturing costs by 50 percent. How? Through chemistry.

CHAMBERLAIN: We can really get down to the material level, the atomic level understand that's required to invent a material that then would become functional in a battery system that ultimately would be applied in a transportation application.

SANCHEZ: Breakthroughs at Argonne are shared with private industry partners. While most of the research is government funded, companies will also pay to commission specific types of research, or to use the labs themselves.

GREG KRUMDICK, ENGINEER, ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY: Industry is not going to go through the process of scaling the material just to find out that it's going to cost too much and not be effective for their process. And by us doing this, we're able to take these materials that have been discovered at the bench scale and help get them out to industry.

SANCHEZ: Argonne scientists think they can develop a battery that generates 50 percent more energy in the next few years. Researchers say the more powerful batteries might not only charge your car or smart phone, they could also give the economy a jolt.

CHAMBERLAIN: If, indeed, electrification takes off of vehicles, the battery technology alone will be worth the gross domestic product in the range of $20 to $50 billion. So the question is, how do we capitalize on that in this country in not only enable that gross domestic product where the profits exist to be made in this country, but the number of jobs associated with the manufacturing capabilities required to build the technology.

SANCHEZ: Jason Sanchez, CNN Money, Argonne, Illinois.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

CLANCY: He won the Tour de France seven times, now a newly released report again publicly brands Lance Armstrong a cheat. It includes damning testimony from some of his former teammates. The details straight ahead. Stay with us.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

CLANCY: This is News Stream. I'm Jim Clancy. And here are your headlines.

Reports in Turkey say officials have confiscated military equipment, communications gear from a plane bound for Syria. Turkish officials forced it to land in Ankara yesterday as it traveled from Moscow to Damascus. It was later allowed to continue with its passengers, but without 10 boxes said to contain the military items.

A 14-year-old Pakistani girl wounded by Taliban gunmen is being moved to a new military hospital in Rawalpindi. Doctors say Malala Yousafzai is in critical condition after he health worsened overnight. That followed an operation to remove a bullet from her neck. Malala was attacked because of her efforts to support education for girls.

A Yemeni who worked as a U.S. security official at the embassy in Yemen's capital Sanaa has been shot dead. Interior Ministry reports he was leading the investigation into protests at the embassy last month. The man was on his way to work when he was gunned down.

U.S. Democrats are hoping the vice president can put on a good performance against his Republican rival after Barack Obama got poor reviews in last weeks first presidential debate. Joe Biden will meet Paul Ryan, the running mate to Republican Mitt Romney, in tonight's vice presidential debate.

Someone who will probably be watching the U.S. election closely is the IMF's managing director. Chrsitine LaGarde says the U.S. economy has caused a lot of uncertainty. She says the U.S. needs to have a definitive plan that looks for results in the long run.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

CHRISTINE LAGARDE, IMF MANAGING DIRECTOR: It could well be that people assume that there will be a muddling through scenario. But that muddling through is not satisfactory. And there is still that big uncertainty how - as to how it's going to be resolved in the short-term, but also how will it be resolved in the medium-term. What is the strategy of the United States when it comes to its debt, when it comes to its deficit? The world doesn't know. And the world wants to know.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

CLANCY: Well, as for the global financial system, LaGarde says it is on the road to being safer, but it's not there yet.

The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency has released evidence more than 1,000 pages thick in this case against Lance Armstrong and the U.S. Postal Service team. It includes testimony from 11 people who used to ride as teammates with the renowned cyclist. Armstrong has won the Tour de France now seven times. He says he never once used a performing enhancing drug.

Pedro Pinto is following the story for us. He joins me now live from our studios in London - Pedro.

PEDRO PINTO, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Jim, it's becoming harder and harder to believe Lance Armstrong when he says he has never doped, and that's because after this report by the United States Anti-Doping Agency the amount of detail that is provided in these 26 testimonies, including from 11 of his teammates is just astounding. We hear about how some of the hotel rooms of his team when he was competing in the Tour de France were transformed into blood transfusion centers, how he froze his own blood so he could use it later, and gain an advantage over other competitors.

We hear about how everyone was involved in the team. And Armstrong was not only a drug taker, he was also a drug provider for his teammates. It's unbelievable.

And as you said, there are 1,000 pages. But this is the case of someone who has now gone in the public eye from a status of hero to zero. There's no question about it. And the question is what happens now?

Well, as far as his seven Tour de France titles, he could be stripped of each and every one of them. Now I had a look at the Tour de France official website earlier on and he still stands as the winner of those seven years, but that could change if the International Cycling Union decides to take action after receiving this report from the USADA.

One final thing I'd like to touch on, Jim, is the fact that Armstrong did react on Twitter to the report. He didn't say much about it. He said, what am I doing tonight? Hanging with my family and affected and thinking about all the work he's done with cancer.

There's no question that Armstrong will continue to be a hero to many people around the world for everything he's done for cancer research and for all the money he's raised for that particular venture, but as far as a sporting hero, Jim, I really don't know if we can continue to even come close to describing him as that.

CLANCY: You know, not taking away one iota from what you just said, I think it's a great analysis, hero to zero, but at the same time, you know, we're lead to believe that this was the most sophisticated, you know, doping ring in all - you know what it also says, it also says that the people that were supposed to be detecting this stuff were totally incompetent, number one, or at worst they may have been colluding with them.

PINTO: Well, I think - I think it's more the previous than the later. I think a lot of the testing procedures were outdated. And a lot of the times the athletes are ahead of the game, because a lot of times they have more money to invest in better scientists.

You know, going back to the report, there was proof of emails, of payments made to a doctor Mikhail Efferati who was also suspended many years ago. He was very famous in the cycling world. But I agree with you there, Jim. And when it comes to athletics, when it comes to some of the big doping scandals that we've seen around Olympics and I'm thinking recently for Marion Jones for example. How are these people not caught when they're doing it? And it means that the organizations have to invest more money, they have to get more resources and able to catch them, because when you look at the past now, the sport, the entire sport...

CLANCY: Who are you going to believe here?

PINTO: Yeah, who are you going to believe here? He was the only beacon of light. You know, I was looking at the last - every single competition of the Tour de France that he won, and the top five guys every year have been busted for doping in one form or another, that's seven years, Jim. It's unbelievable. Only one man out of those wasn't busted for doping, but he's deceased. So the investigation stopped there.

It's just - I don't know where you go from here in cycling. Either you start over or I don't know where this leads in sport.

CLANCY: All right. But great perspective, Pedro. As always, thanks a lot for being with us.

PINTO: Thanks. Good to talk to you.

CLANCY: All right.

Still to come right here on News Stream, a different kind of road trip. See what crews are doing on the streets of Los Angeles in preparation for the final mission of Spaceshuttle Endeavor.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

CLANCY: Some news that should make Asia proud, he writes in a country where authors are subject to censorship, yes, but now Chinese writer Mo Yan has been awarded one of his craft's highest honors, it is the Nobel Prize for Literature. This was the reason, the royal academy saying "Mo Yan, with hallucinatory realism, merges folk tales, history, and the contemporary" that refers to his work in the genre of what is called magical realism. The use of supernatural elements in otherwise realistic scenarios.

He's written books like this, Frog, which looks at sexism in China, especially a perception that boys would be a greater asset to a family than girls. It is also a theme he explores in this controversial book translated as Big Breasts and Wide Hips. Tackling war, religion, and love, it was described by Time magazine as a celebration of the power of women.

This week's human to hero is a sharpshooter, so to speak. Brazilian born photographer Sebastiao Salgado takes pictures that capture the world's attention. And we're going to take you to his studio. We're going to learn a little bit - I'm going to be watching this closely - about the secrets of Salgado's black and white creations.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

SEBASTIAO SALGADO, PHOTOGRAPHER: In reality when you are photographing, you are so concentrated it didn't matter that you are photographing. The energy that sometimes we believe that we're going to have more because you are too tired, that you are writing a point, but something happens 300 meters up and you must be there. You go there, because the picture bring you there. You create a new energy and we go and you photograph.

Each photographer does things in his way. It's what made you different from the others. It's your history, your ideology, is what you saw in your life.

I was born in Brazil in cattle ranch. There isolate for anything and we had incredible skies. The landscapes are incredibly beautiful. It's a third-world country that (inaudible) is my part of the planet, my universe of image, my way to see things.

I came to Paris with my wife in 1969. She brought a camera to do pictures in architecture. And I look for the first time in my life of through this camera. And I discovered another way to relate to the world. And I can say that in this moment I start photograph. And from this moment, photography made a total invasion to my life.

I (inaudible) economist work in international coffee organization. I did many trips to Africa. Always on these trips I bring a camera with me. And when I came back, these pictures gave me ten times more pleasure than (inaudible). From there, I go in to change my profession.

From the beginning I started photographing black and white. When I photograph in color, the color is (inaudible), the reds become really red. And my attention was in this color much more than in the people that you are photographing, the dignity of the people.

These pictures are part of the show that will be presented next year in the natural history museum in London. Here's a shaman, singer shaman in one of the tribes in (inaudible) in Brazil. I spend with this tribe about three months. And you become part of them.

All these pictures I made with natural light. It's long walks, for example, to hit here this mountain is long walk to be there.

When I start photography, the camera for me was a big curiosity. With the cameras we start to walk with them, they become normal important (inaudible), they become a continuation of your eyes. Speak to (inaudible) in 1991. After that the troops of Saddam Hussein explodes all these oil wells, very hard work for the workers. I was walking with them all day long. Sometimes you have no light for two or three days because all the very heavy smoke of the oil - it's like I was walking in a theater in the size of the planet.

I come back from a trip, I come back to our studio in Paris. And it's hear that we organize, that we create everything about photography. For me, the difficulty is to see if this one is better than that, what one to choose.

I did here 300, 400 rolls of film. There is moments that are much more strong than the others. And you know that you are in some moments with a lot of power in it.

The story that I do never happens really in front of the door of my house. And sometimes taking a long time outside, sometimes I must walk a lot. I spend years to do my stories. I spend a long time with people to photograph people you need time.

I must be very close to these subjects that I'm photographing. I must go there to look for them. Where they are, I must be.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

CLANCY: Great story. Great photography too. I enjoyed that.

We've got to continue on with the program. And coming up, from the Phantom of the Opera to Starlight Express, singer Sarah Brightman preparing to fly into space. What? Yes. We'll tell you all about it.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

CLANCY: Learning that British soprano Sarah Brightman purchased a seat on a Russia spacecraft to spend 10 days orbiting around the Earth. She isn't saying how much she paid for it, but to give you an idea, Russia charges NASA astronauts more than $50 million for that privilege. Now if you aren't familiar with Sarah Brightman, she's famous for starring in one of the world's longest running musicals ever, the Phantom of the Opera. She says she's dreamed her whole life of going into Space. And remember, take note of this, she's the woman who scored her first hit with a disco classic called "I Lost My Heart To A Starship Trooper." How about that.

Well, gusty winds and flooding, rain parts of Europe seeing a little bit of rough weather. Meteorologist Karen Maginnis is at the world weather center with that and more - Karen.

KAREN MAGINNIS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Yeah, makes you wonder if you had - if money were no object, would you spend $50 million to go into space? I don't know. It might be kind of interesting.

The weather across Europe very unsettled. Just about everywhere we look towards the east and definitely in the west as a frontal system is going to make its way further into the interior sections of Europe with some storms scattered along that frontal system, certainly behind it in the UK, some fairly gusty winds being reported. We could see the rainfall between about 15 to 25 millimeters, maybe as much as 40 millimeters. But that begins to push into interior sections of Europe, so watch the weather disintegrate over the next 24 to 48 hours. And in places like Munich and into Warsaw, Belnias , Riga, those temperatures cooling down with wet weather on the way. But we certainly did see a couple of big thunderstorms rumbling around, especially in Northern Ireland. I saw this morning in Belfast, quite unsettled there, also near Aberdeen some gusty winds and some pretty heavy rainfall there. And they're cautioning that those roads are going to be very slick. And already in some parts of Ireland they have seen significant rainfall.

And in London right now 14, but just wait, as we go towards the weekend, those temperatures coming down another 3 to 5 degrees. So very significant change is expected.

A view across the Pacific, and yep, there's typhoon 22-W. This one making its way to the northwest, gaining some strength. And as it does that, we'll start to see a more northward turn and eventually making its way off towards the northeast. Right now, this is not really affecting any land masses, but over the next three to five days we'll watch that.

Well, the wind associated with this at 176 kilometers per hour. And just moving through the Philippine Sea, but as I mentioned, not affecting any landmasses.

Well, we move on towards Australia. And it looks like Sydney could see some fairly gusty winds over the next 24 hours. Maybe on the order of 45, to 65 kilometers per hour with the significant rainfall expected there with a frontal system sweeping through. And cooler temperatures expected there as well.

And Jim, I told you I tried to end on the kittens. And that is these two lynx kittens in Kingusse in Scotland. They're four months old and getting quite a bit of attention there.

Back to you.

CLANCY: Cute photos.

MAGINNIS: That's the mom, not the kittens.

CLANCY: All right. Thanks, Karen.

Well, hundreds of trees have been cut down, many more trimmed, roadways reinforced and some novel doughnut designs even cooked up for the big event. CNN's John Zarrella describes how a well known spaceship is coming in for a landing in, you got it, La La Land.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

JOHN ZARRELLA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: 25 flights flown, nearly 123 million miles flown, but this final road trip for the Spaceshuttle Endeavor will be the most unique journey any shuttle has ever taken. Here they are calling it mission 26.

In the very early morning hours Friday, Endeavor, sitting on a transporter, will leave Los Angeles International Airport for a two day, 12 mile stroll through the streets of L.A. and Englewood. Finaly permanent destination? The California Science Center.

Endeavor will pass by Randy's doughnut shop, a 35 year institution here. Of course, they've battered up shuttle doughnuts.

That's great. And they look just like space shuttle, well, kind of look like a space shuttle.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Actually, it should, because it was - came from a space shuttle...

ZARRELLA: Mold?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Mold.

But it's pretty neat , isn't it?

ZARRELLA: Yeah, pretty neat, like the shuttle sitting inside the hold in the giant doughnut outside.

Getting ready for the event has been a monumental, sometimes controversial undertaking. Becuase the shuttle is so wide, trees along the route to be trimmed and hundreds cut down. The science center promises to replace each one with two. City crews removed low overhanging signs. And steel plates were placed over weak spots in the road.

Now before they can go any further past Randy they've got to take down these light polls. Then, once they do that, they've got to cross this bridge over the 405 expressway. How is Endeavor going to get across this bridge? They're going to tow it with a pickup truck.

Toyota executives gathered near the 405 to work out details. The company claims a 20 year relationship with the Science Center landed them the PR opportunity of a lifetime.

So you know how much the space shuttle weighs?

UNIDENTIFID MALE: I do. I do. It's about 145,000 pounds.

ZARRELLA: So you're going to pull the space shuttle and the support that it's riding on with a Toyota Tundra?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, we are. Yes. The support mechanism is about the same weight. So we're actually at about 270,000 pounds total, moving that with a half ton Toyota Tundra.

ZARRELLA: Cobol says they might use the video of the bridge tow for a commercial. You think?

More than 1 million people are expected to turn out for an event you can safely say you'll never see again.

John Zarrella, CNN, Los Angeles.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

CLANCY: And a footnote for you, you know, Endeavor is the first, the only space shuttle to ever travel on city streets. The nearly 20 kilometer journey is going to take Endeavor from Los Angeles International Airport to the California Science Center. It's maximum speed on that trip will be about 3 kilometers an hour. That's right, it'll be racing along.

But what will it look like when a space shuttle slowly rolls down the road? Well, we placed a scaled model on this map just to give you an idea of how dropping - jaw dropping an event that this is going to be. And it really is going to be that. Look at how wide those wings are? 24 meters from tip to tip. It's tail is almost 18 meters high.

Despite its size, the Science Center says it will be hard to see Endeavor on that drive, because there's going to be many, many traffic and safety restrictions in place.

I don't think that's going to stop a lot of people that want to snap a picture of stand there as it goes past.

Only in Los Angeles.

That's News Stream, but the news continues right here on CNN. Get abreast of the business world. World Business Today is straight ahead.

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