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Republicans Block U.N. Disabilities Treaty; Syrian Chemical Fears

Aired December 6, 2012 - 22:00   ET


ANDERSON COOPER, CNN ANCHOR: Good evening, everyone. It's 10:00 here on the East Coast.

And we begin tonight, as we do every night, "Keeping Them Honest," looking for facts, not trying to take sides for Democrats or Republicans. They do that on other cable channels. You can watch there. Our goal is just real reporting, finding out the truth, also calling out hypocrisy or in tonight's case, a baffling case of flip- flopping.

We have been doing some digging on a story we reported on last night, and frankly gets stranger and stranger the more we look into it. It's kind of a long story, but just stay with me because this is weird.

On Tuesday, the Senate rejected a U.N. treaty aimed at protecting the rights of disabled people around the world. It is modeled on the Americans for Disability Act; 125 other countries have ratified this U.N. treaty, but in the full Senate 38 Republicans voted no, leaving the treaty five votes short of ratification.

What we learned today that is really interesting is that some of these very same senators actually supported the treaty before they voted against it. Some even pledged their support very publicly. Senator Roy Blunt of Missouri was one of the flip-floppers. So was Kay Bailey Hutchison of Texas and Senator Jerry Moran of Kansas.

We asked all them to come on the program tonight, and, by the way, they declined. They're all silent on this. Senator Moran was actually a co-sponsor of the measure to actually ratify the treaty. He even put out a press release back in May proclaiming support for the treaty.

I want to show you something else. Here's Senator Moran with former senator Bob dole in June. Dole, a war veteran, former Republican Senate leader, is a longtime supporter of disability rights and a strong advocate of this treaty.

So, just before Tuesday's vote, he came to the Senate chamber, 89 years old, frail in the wheelchair. He thought it was that important that it might make a difference him being there. It didn't. Some of the senators, like Senator Moran, broke their word and then blocked the treaty. Others just voted no and we don't even know why.

Those are the names scrolling there, scrolling next to me. We called nearly all of them, too. Not one of them would agree to come on tonight and defend their position. Why did they vote no? Because they wouldn't come on, we can't know for sure, but what we do know is this. Some powerful conservative groups lobbied very aggressively against the treaty, including the Heritage Foundation, the Susan B. Anthony List PAC, the Family Research Council, and Rick Santorum's Patriot PAC.

And, "Keeping Them Honest," they used arguments that really just did not square with the facts. They weren't true, like this:


RICK SANTORUM (R), FORMER U.S. SENATOR: This is a direct assault on us and our family to hand over to the state the ability to make medical determinations and see what is in the best interest of the child and not look at the wonderful gift that every child is.


COOPER: Now, former Senator and presidential candidate Rick Santorum led the charge against the U.N. treaty and he brought his 4- year-old disabled daughter, Bella, to his events, warning that the treaty threatened American sovereignty and would allow the U.N. to make decisions about disabled children in America.

That is not just true. Here's what Senator John Kerry, who fought hard to get the treaty ratified, said last night.


SEN. JOHN KERRY (D), MASSACHUSETTS: Well, I have great respect for both Rick and his wife, Karen, and their daughter and their family. He's a strong family man. But he either simply hasn't read the treaty or doesn't understand it or he was just not factual in what he said, because the United Nations has absolutely zero, zero, I mean, zero ability to order or to tell or to even -- I mean, they can suggest, but they have no legal capacity to tell the United States to do anything under this treaty. Nothing.


COOPER: Well, as we told you last night former Republican, repeat, Republican Attorney General Dick Thornburgh testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in July basically saying exactly that. There's nothing in the treaty that interferes with U.S. federal or state laws. Nothing.

That didn't stop Mr. Santorum from sending out this e-mail to supporters after the vote, saying: "You did it. You made it happen. If it weren't for you, the United States Senate wouldn't have defeated the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, CRPD."

He went on to say -- quote -- "This treaty would have given the U.N. oversight of the health care and education choices parents with special needs kids make. Had it passed, CRPD would have become the law of the land under the U.S. Constitution's supremacy clause and would have trumped state laws and could have been used as precedent by state and federal judges."

Again, that is not true. So, why the fudging of facts? We also asked Senator Santorum on the program tonight. He, too, declined.

So, like the others who won't explain themselves, we can only guess their motivations and frankly some of this is kind of so baffling we'd be taking some wild guesses and we don't really want to do that. The treaty supporters including Senator Kerry simply say that politics and a paranoia about the U.N. trumped the rights of the disabled in this vote.

Ted Kennedy Jr., the son of the late Senator Kennedy, is a health care attorney and advocate for people with disabilities. When he was 12 years old, he lost his leg to bone cancer. That's a picture of him taken with his dad about six years after that. He's a strong supporter of the U.S. disabilities treaty and he has not given up on it. I spoke to him earlier today.


COOPER: It sounds to me, it's one thing to lose based on facts and it's another thing to lose based on things that are completely made up, and it seems like you guys lost based on stuff that had nothing to do with the actual treaty.


It's a sad day for people with disabilities and it's a sad day for the U.S. Senate because you ask yourself, Anderson, who could be against a treaty that basically affords people with disabilities the same rights and opportunities as everyone else, that doesn't cost the United States one extra penny?

We're talking about affording disabled Americans including disabled American veterans the same opportunities overseas as they have here at home. Unfortunately, our cause, the cause of disability rights, was caught up in U.N. politics and the politics of homeschooling and Rick Santorum and Glenn Beck, the politics of the far right that intimidated many senators, including seven senators who had verbally affirmed their support for this bill, including Senator Moran, who was the co-sponsor of the treaty.


KENNEDY: He actually ended up voting against the treaty.

COOPER: Right. He actually stood by John McCain's side and supporting this. And did he give you any reason why he reversed himself?

KENNEDY: Well, I think in the last week or so, a lot of fiction, a lot of innuendo was drummed up by Senator Mike Lee and Senator Santorum and others about how this treaty may impact homeschooling that has nothing, absolutely nothing to do with the treaty itself.

COOPER: But this treaty does not affect U.S. law.

KENNEDY: No, it doesn't affect U.S. law.

But evidently they didn't feel like it gave them the sort of guarantees they were looking for, but, in fact, when it passed the Foreign Relations Committee on the 13-6 vote, a number of these concerns were actually incorporated.

COOPER: This was really a treaty about people with disabilities overseas.

KENNEDY: This is about bringing the rest of the world up to the U.S. standards. OK? And so it does impact Americans who travel overseas, who go work overseas, somebody who -- somebody with a disability who wants to stay in a hotel in a foreign country or go to work in a foreign country or hail a taxi in a foreign country, not to the mention the fact that it also impacts 650 million people around the world, children with disabilities around the world who unlike the United States do not have access to a public school education.

It affords them huge rights. And for the United States to not be in the vanguard -- we have been in the forefront of disability rights and disability rights has always been a bipartisan cause in -- from the Rehab Act of 1973 to special education where people like my dad worked with Senator Orrin Hatch, Senator Lowell Weicker, so many other Republicans in a bipartisan way because disability crosses every single socioeconomic barrier.

So I think what's upsetting about this vote is now all of a sudden disability law, which has never been political before, is now suddenly politicized.

COOPER: Besides John McCain, you had former Senator Dole, you had Dick Thornburgh, former attorney general, who I guess is the father of a disabled child?


KENNEDY: That's correct, yes.

COOPER: I guess if anybody would know about the impact on U.S. law, the former attorney general of the United States would have a pretty good idea if this impacted U.S. law.

KENNEDY: I think that's a very good point.

We did have eight Republicans -- and I take my hat off to them because they had to face very stiff pressure by the far right not to join with the Democrats to vote this treaty. As you know, we need 66 votes, two-thirds majorities, to pass a treaty in the country. But we had the support of former President Bush, President Herbert Walker Bush, as you mentioned, Dick Thornburgh, former attorney general, who understands U.S. law probably better than anybody else in the country. We had people like senator Bob Dole and his wife, Elizabeth, who were on the floor at the time, who's been a staunch advocate for disability policy. So this shouldn't be, Anderson, this should not be a partisan issue, the rights of people with disabilities. I mean, come on. And yet, it has been politicized, unfortunately.

COOPER: Are you hoping that next year you might bring this up again?

KENNEDY: Yes. We are going to come back. As you know, you know, it took -- for African-Americans, for gay Americans, for women, the struggle for equal rights and justice took many, many years and so, too, it is in the disability rights movement.

And, you know, I just think this cause, this treaty will happen because it's inevitable. How can you deny the rights to millions of people around the world? And so I do think it will come back. Senator Kerry has made a promise to bring it back. And, you know, we're hoping one day that this treaty will pass, in the very near future, in fact.

COOPER: Thanks so much for being with us.

KENNEDY: Thank you for raising this important issue, Anderson.

COOPER: Let us know what you think. Follow me on Twitter @AndersonCooper. I will be tweeting tonight.

There are growing fears the conflict in Syria could soon enter an even more horrifying new chapter with possible chemical weapons. We want to talk about what such an attack would mean for the people of Syria, who have already endured so much. The death toll alone according to an estimate could be staggering.

We also want to see if this is just hype, because obviously given the situation with U.S. experience in Iraq, there's a lot of people that think this is just loose talk trying to encourage some sort of intervention into Syria. We will talk to former CIA officer Bob Baer about that and also 360 M.D. Sanjay Gupta.

Plus, an activist inside Syria and what he has to say about the potential threat, next.


COOPER: Syria's government under scrutiny tonight as the world awaits the Assad regime's next move. As we have reported this week, new intelligence shows that Syrian forces have started combining chemicals that could be used to make deadly sarin gas for weapons.

And as we told you last night, NBC News is reporting that Syria's actually loading chemical weapons into bombs. CNN has not confirmed the NBC report. All of this comes amid a string of opposition victories. Recently they took control of key oil fields, and they saw advances in Aleppo and some reports suggesting they now surround the capital of Damascus. One opposition spokesman even tells CNN they started what they believe to be the end battle of this war.

If the intelligence on the chemical weapons, though, is true, the latest advances by the opposition only seem to add incentives to the Syrian government to actually use them. The Assad regime we should say denies having chemical weapons and claims the reports are being used to justify an international invasion.

After more than 20 months of fighting and according to opposition leaders more than 40,000 civilian deaths, Syria's civil war appears to be at a crossroads.

Tonight, I spoke to Zaidoun, a Syrian opposition activist.


COOPER: Zaidoun, the reporting that the Assad regime might be preparing to use chemical weapons, are people there aware of the possibility and if so what's been the reaction?

ZAIDOUN, SYRIAN ACTIVIST: Well, I mean, it's just possible, yes, because if you ask me a few weeks or a few months ago, would the regime use jet fighters, I would have told you I doubt.

But now the regime is using jet fighters against the people, so why wouldn't the regime use chemical weapons? Now, frankly speaking, there is no concrete evidence that there is a sign of so, just the media reports. However, people are really panicking.

COOPER: At this point, what do you hope for? What do people there -- if there's hope of somehow stopping this slaughter, what is the hope? I mean, is the hope that someone will intervene, the United States, NATO, or -- I mean, there's been a lot of hope of that in the past, and obviously, it hasn't happened. What are you hoping for now? Is there hope?

ZAIDOUN: Well, for me, I mean, personally, and for the majority of the Syrian people, nobody has any hope in anything. OK?

There's just a thing that will continue until the people win, because this is -- this is happening for sure. I mean, we will win in the end. We are sure that the international community would not do anything at all, will not do anything. Nobody cares about us.

Everybody cares for their interests. That's it. We understand that now very much clearly. And we are not scared. I mean, at least personally, I'm talking. I'm not scared of the chemical weapon. Does it make a difference to die with a bullet or with a chemical weapon? Which death is more painful with chemical weapons or with bullets?

Now, I haven't tried both types of death, but I don't think there's a difference whether you are dying with chemical weapons or with a mortar, with a tank shell, with a rocket, with a bullet. I don't know why people would care about chemical attacks.

COOPER: Did you ever think it would get to this point? How do you get through each day? Because, as you say, the world has just watched this happen. And we continue to watch it happen every night.

ZAIDOUN: Well, Anderson, I simply state it like this.

When the Syrian people started their revolution, they wanted really freedom, equal citizenship, justice for all, democracy. We expect -- we know this regime is really brutal. We expected brutality, but not this much, at least for myself. No, I didn't expect this.

I didn't expect this to happen anyplace on the globe, nowhere, not even in Alfred Hitchcock's -- I mean, a Hitchcock movie. Nobody could think of what we are seeing right now.

Is it worth it? Yes. Thank God we had this revolution. I don't know how we lived with this regime for four decades. Thank God we this revolution. We are paying lives. Our life is just ruined, just ruined. But thank God we have this revolution.

I thank God we tested the international community, so that we understand in the future that this is our own problem. No one cares about anyone in this world. And thank God we will win this battle on our own, without anybody's help. Enough. Enough. Even if it takes us another 100,000 people, enough.

This is not a regime. This is anything you can -- I don't know what you want to call them, killing, killing, killing, shelling, shelling, mortars, jet fighters, helicopters, rockets. Against what? Civilians? Enough.

COOPER: Zaidoun, thank you very much for talking.

ZAIDOUN: Thank you, Anderson.


COOPER: Well, as you just heard, the fear of sarin gas, it is very real tonight.

What are people there facing if the should regime does use what they have or are believed to have?

I spoke with CNN contributor former CIA office Bob Baer and chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta.


COOPER: Bob, we talked about this last night, but explain again what one warhead filled with sarin could do.

BOB BAER, CNN CONTRIBUTOR: One of these shells -- and the standard shell of Syrians put this in is a .122-millimeter shell, which goes -- artillery piece.

And if they were to drop this into a dense area, into Damascus or a suburb of Homs, it doesn't matter which town, it would instantly kill 18,000 within the first few minutes. (CROSSTALK)

COOPER: Just from one shell?

BAER: One single shell would immediately kill 18,000 people. You know, this is a liquid. It's dispersed. It sticks on you. You get a few in -- a little bit in your system and you're dead.

COOPER: Sanjay, what does it actually do to somebody who comes in contact with it?

DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN SENIOR MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: It affects these particular receptors in the brain.

And let me just preface it by saying it's odorless, it's tasteless and it's colorless. So, it's very hard to know, you know, that it's there because of those things. And also by touching as Bob was just talking about but also by inhaling it or even food or drinking water that has been contaminated with it, you can also get poisoned.

So you see, this is a substance that can affect you in many different ways and you might not know it's there. Just from top to bottom, someone who has been affected by it, it's sort of like the on switch in the body is stuck on. Your pupils, they start to become very constricted. You get headaches. You develop this flushing almost in your nose and your sinuses. You become very congested, but ultimately it's like the on switch is stuck on in your body and ultimately that can lead to convulsions in the body and ultimately your diaphragm, which allows you to breathe, as Bob again is describing -- it's tough to talk about -- but that diaphragm seizes up and that ultimately leads to respiratory failure and death.

COOPER: There is an anecdote, but how effective is it?

GUPTA: You have to give it very early. You have to give it almost right away, sometimes even protectively in a situation they talk about.

You may remember when we were overseas in some of these places, Anderson, we were given these kits that had atropine in it, not just one vial, but a few vials, again, as Bob mentioned, because you give it once and then you may have to give it again a few minutes later. It essentially sort of -- atropine, for example, works to sort of unstuck that on button. But it has to be given quickly if it's going to be given.

COOPER: The other thing I found alarming, Bob, from what you and I talked about is that, you know, we think, OK, well you can bomb these sites from the air and eliminate them, but that doesn't work.

BAER: Well, Anderson, it doesn't work because if you hit one of these sites and especially if there's multiple shells at the site, it just disperses the material.

So, it's not like we can go in with pinpoint bombing and destroy them from the air, which would be ideal if we could, because it will kill everybody in, you know, in a wide swathe of a city or a base.

COOPER: How do you have to try to -- do you have to dismantle the stuff on the ground?

BAER: You have to dismantle it. Apparently, there are teams out there that could possibly go in at some point. They're 18-man teams. But, you know, you would have to fight your way. That's the problem. We're talking about an invasion of Syria to really secure these sites.

At the very last minute, they could move the stuff around. The intelligence is not perfect. The Syrians could explode it in the middle of an attack. You just don't know. There are no good options for disposing of this stuff.

COOPER: Is it known how much he has?

BAER: I don't know how much he has. You know, for me, the important thing is -- and I keep on getting this question -- is, well, we heard this about Iraq, that they had weapons of mass destruction.

COOPER: Right. People are skeptical about this. They say, oh, this is a pretext by some getting involved in Syria.

BAER: It's not, Anderson. I assure you that the U.S. intelligence community was deep into Syrian V.X. and sarin. They're binary agents. Knows all about it. This is not being hyped at any level.

COOPER: Let me just push back on that. I mean, if this stuff has existed in Syria for, you know, all the time that Assad's been in power and hasn't been used, why -- and it seems to have been stored safely thus far -- where's the proof that it's, you know, been put into warheads or, you know, how do we know for sure?

BAER: That's the question.

Has it, in fact, been put in warheads? Has it, in fact, been mixed? Sanjay could address this, but I believe you have a couple of weeks to use these things once it's been mixed. We also don't know at what point would the Assad regime resort the using sarin. It's my hypothesis, knowing the Alawites, that they will if they start getting slaughtered, very well could happen. They will use it.

COOPER: Sanjay, for people who are at risk, I mean, in areas where the Assad regime might use them or could them or some another group, what can they do to protect themselves? Is there something to do to protect yourself?

GUPTA: Yes. Presumably they don't have access to any of these medications, the atropine, for example.

You have to get out of the area, which sounds really simplistic, but keep in mind because it's odorless and tasteless and very hard to detect in that way, you just have to get out of area, and also because you can get poisoned again by ingestion, inhaling or just simply touching it. It can be on your clothes, for example. Your clothes could be a vehicle.

So you get out of the way. You take off your clothes or anything that may have been exposed to it, soap and water, try and rinse your body as much as also. Also, one thing is it tends to be a heavier gas as compared to what else is in that area, so it tends to linger closer to the ground.

So, simply trying to get higher elevation can help. Again, these sound like very simplistic things, but there's really -- short of the medication being given right away, there's really not much else you can do.

COOPER: It's really scary stuff. Bob Baer, appreciate it, Sanjay as well. Sanjay, thanks.

GUPTA: You got it.

COOPER: Well, the picture on the cover on "The New York Post" that has raised a lot of disturbing questions, capturing the final moment of a man's life before he was run over by a subway train, I am going to speak to the man who took that photograph in a prime-time exclusive next.


COOPER: Well, his death shocked New York City. Today, the family of man shoved on the subway tracks and in to the path of an oncoming train gathered for his funeral a day after the suspect was arraigned on second-degree murder charges.

There's still, of course, questions of what exactly happened on that subway platform. This "New York Post" cover is perhaps the enduring image showing the failed attempt to get out of the oncoming train.

Many that saw that asking why no one was able to get him off the tracks. The person who's faced perhaps the most scrutiny is the photographer who took the picture, R. Umar Abbasi, he joins me now in a live primetime exclusive. I appreciate you being with us.


COOPER: Before we start, you had wanted us to make clear that we are not paying you for this interview. You did not request us. You did not request any money nor of course, do would we ever pay for an interview. You wanted us to make that clear.

ABBASI: Correct.

COOPER: At what point did you realize something was going on? I mean, there was an altercation between this man, Mr. Han and the alleged suspect.

ABBASI: Right.

COOPER: Did you see him being -- did you see that altercation?

ABBASI: No. I had entered the subway station from the 46 side, 47th Street and I had walked in about 100 feet in to the station. I was not aware of any confrontation. And from my peripheral vision, I saw a body being flung on to the tracks and there was a collective gasp that went in to the air that really got my attention.

COOPER: You could kind of hear a gasp from other people?

ABBASI: Correct. Because the train travels from north to south and I was at the southern end so you know somehow the wind and the sound travels that wind.

COOPER: About how far away were you from Mr. Han?

ABBASI: I can guess from now on hindsight and looking at the photograph with how many cars were in to it and where Mr. Han was, I was about 20 feet in to the station and I have learned that a New York subway station is about 600 feet so probably Mr. Han from the entrance there, he was maybe another 100 feet so there is about I would say 400 feet.

COOPER: You had your camera in your hand?


COOPER: You were there for another assignment. You were just happened to be there.

ABBASI: Correct.

COOPER: What was your initial reaction? What did you do instantly start to do?

ABBASI: Well, people started waving their hands and screaming because a few moments earlier they had made an announcement that the train will be approaching the station. And I could see the distant lights of the approaching train.

COOPER: We're showing the one photo you took in which you can't -- it looks like Mr. Han is on the track, but you don't see the train. Was the train far away at that point?

ABBASI: You see out in the distance there's a little long line and that is the lights -- those are the lights of the train are and they're bouncing off the rails.

COOPER: OK, so even at that point and very dark, there was a train approaching at that point in.

ABBASI: Absolutely.

COOPER: OK, because I think when a lot of people saw that picture and they didn't see a train, it seemed to people like, OK, he is just sitting on the track. Somebody could have helped him. ABBASI: Right, correct. And from where I was, I could have screamed my lungs out probably nobody would have heard it. Since my camera is always in my hand and it is always on and it goes in to sleep mode. And the only way I thought at that moment was to start clicking away, using the shutter to fire the flash and maybe --

COOPER: You thought that might warn the conductor?

ABBASI: Yes. Make him aware that there's -- this is unusual. There's a burst of light hitting him and catch Mr. Han on the track.

COOPER: And this is the next photo. Were you looking through the viewfinder?

ABBASI: No, no. It was stable, you know, and on what you call on the street as shooting from the hip.

COOPER: So you had just the camera out just shooting like that?

ABBASI: No, out here.

COOPER: Out to the side?

ABBASI: Yes, to the side, stable and shooting.

COOPER: And I understand you said there were other people much closer to him than you were.

ABBASI: Yes, absolutely. In the photograph if you look at it, maybe lighten it up, you see a group of people out there and that is where the north side of the entrance is on 49th Street.

COOPER: And I mean, I've been in situations where in riots where people have been beaten in front of me, killed in front of me. I've been in situations and taken pictures of it and intervened. You never know.

I personally believe until you have been in this situation it's very easy to sit at home and judge based on pictures saying I would do this, but until you've been in a situation with a potential threat to yourself, you don't know how you're going to react.

Did you -- did you realize there had been an altercation? Did you realize there was a suspect? And did you see that suspect?

ABBASI: I got a blur of the suspect. And I had imagined, you know, we all imagine what we would do in a situation like that. But when you are in a situation or at least myself when the situation actually happened, instinct took over and all those plans that you do this, you do that, they -- one reacts, and that is what I reacted and that is the best way I thought that I could alert the conductor.

And I started moving towards -- running towards Mr. Han, and I saw a man approaching me, and that was the person who had pushed Mr. Han. And I realized because he seemed agitated, and as he was approaching, he was cursing or using profanities. And he went by me, and I saw him coming. I braced myself and stood on the side.

COOPER: You were actually worried about him doing something to you?

ABBASI: Yes, pushing me onto the tracks, realizing that he had just pushed Mr. Han on the tracks.

COOPER: So you're going toward Mr. Han, but this man is coming towards you, the suspect, so you go against the wall?

ABBASI: Correct.

COOPER: So the suspect is actually moving away from Mr. Han, and there are other people who are closer who the suspect is moving away from. So theoretically, if other people were -- if other people were to get involved, they were closer to Mr. Han and farther way from the suspect than you were?

ABBASI: Correct. That is a correct analysis.

COOPER: So I also understand that after Mr. Han was hit, and there was apparently a doctor present, or there was a lady who was a doctor, I believe, started doing CPR, someone else in the crowd started to do CPR, people in the crowd gathered round and were actually -- with their cell-phone cameras were taking pictures?

ABBASI: Yes, they were. The crowd totally closed down, and I had to stand and try to move them back.

COOPER: At that point were you still taking pictures?

ABBASI: I moved them back and I took maybe a few shots of the stretcher and the firemen had come, and there was some crowd control going on.

COOPER: In retrospect, do you feel you should have done something different or could have done something different?

ABBASI: Until one is in that situation, it is -- it's very hard to say. And in hindsight, I would say I would have said, "Mr. Han, run the other direction." In looking at the image on it, there were only about three cars into the station. And all he had to do was outrun three cars, and he would have lived.

COOPER: His wife had earlier reports that he'd been drinking. I believe some alcohol was found on him, as well, so it's unclear what his...

ABBASI: I'm not aware of that, and I'm not aware of his interaction with his wife.

COOPER: Right. For you, what has this been like. I mean, not only to witness an event like this is horrific, but then to come under the kind of criticism you have come under from people who were not there? What is that like? ABBASI: They were not there. They -- I look at them as armchair critics, and when you're in a situation, you realize what it is. And it was a very fluid situation.

The photographs are still. You see the train, and you see Mr. Han's at one spot. But in reality, the train is moving towards him. I do not know what speed it is, but it was really fast. The whole thing happened really, really fast.

COOPER: I also find interesting, because I read your account in the "New York Post" the next day, which I found changed the way I looked at this situation, frankly, when I heard your account. And that's why I wanted to have you on, because I think it's important to hear your voice on this.

But you didn't even know what photos you had. You brought the police back to the post office, and they looked at the photos. You really had no idea what you had captured?

ABBASI: No, no idea. And these photos are dark. I'm a professional. You know, I take good photographs, if I may say for myself, and these photographs were dark because my camera had the settings of Times Square. It was a bright day, and so was my flash count. If I had set my camera to take photographs in a subway, then I'd be fighting at full power. And the flash doesn't recharge so fast on full power, unless I'm carrying a battery pack on my waist.

COOPER: Have you ever seen somebody being killed before?

ABBASI: No, I have never. And it's a very traumatic experience, and it's like every time, if I have to remember the whole thing, it's reliving it. I did not sleep for close to 36, 48 hours.

COOPER: And obviously, we talked about his funeral. To his family, what would you say?

ABBASI: I -- as I have said earlier that, Mrs. Hans [SIC], if I could had, I would have saved him. It wasn't important to get the photograph. The photograph came out as a result of my effort or what I could think at that moment to do.

Even at this moment I think, you know, I wish I had the presence of mind to say, "Mr. Hans [SIC], run in the other direction." I did hear people saying, "Get up. Get up." But I don't know why anyone did not reach out.

I live with the image -- the first night I could not sleep. I could hear the sounds. I don't want to be too graphic about it for respect for the family, but I could hear all the sounds. Mr. Han did not scream or anything. This is how fast it transpired.

You look at the photograph, and it's like -- it's chilling to me even today. It's like a man looking at his end. And the oncoming train, the metaphor for it, death staring him down.

COOPER: You, obviously, didn't have a say in where the photo was published, in terms of it being on the front page of the paper, so I'm not really going to ask you about that.

But I guess, again, my position on this is -- and it really has sort of changed from when I first saw the images -- until you're in a situation, you really don't know what someone's gone through. And you know, I'm sorry you were in that situation. And I appreciate you coming on to talk about it.

COOPER: Thank you very much for having me.

ABBASI: Thank you.

We -- they're coming up in another story that's really a story we've been following for years now, the youngest members of a polygamist sect run by Warren Jeffs. He's in jail. They're supposed to be in school. Why are hundreds of kids spending hours a day doing manual labor on a ranch without getting paid? Three-sixty follow, up next.


COOPER: Duchess Catherine left the hospital earlier today with her husband, Prince William. An update on her condition, ahead on 360.


COOPER: Tonight, a "360 Follow," a new glimpse inside the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, the polygamist sect led by Warren Jeffs, the FLDS.

Now, he's in prison right now, serving a life sentence for sexually assaulting two underage girls he'd taken as his brides. And just last week, we reported the state of Texas asked to seize an FLDS compound where authorities say that Jeffs and his followers abused kids. Sect members have denied any abuse took place there.

Now we're learning, in Jeffs' absence, that church members are busy raising money, and they're using its youngest members to do it.

The church is a normally reclusive community near the Arizona/Utah border, rarely ventures outside the seclusion of their private ranches in large groups. That's exactly what happened this week, and Gary Tuchman caught up with them.

Here's what happened in Gary's report.


GARY TUCHMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): We received a tip that Warren Jeffs, the imprisoned leader of the polygamist FLDS sect, had ordered all schools closed for a week so children could go to work, picking pecans off trees at a private ranch.

We did not know what to expect as we drove to the outskirts of Hurricane, Utah, 23 miles northwest of their fundamentalist enclave.

(on camera) Holy cow.

(voice-over) The tip was true. Hundreds of children, many of them very small, working on a ranch. They were accompanied by some mothers and a few men, but it was mostly the kids.


TUCHMAN: When we got out of the car to find out more about what was going on, we saw something that caught us off guard. The children and their mothers started scattering, first slowly, and then it started picking up steam. They started running in the opposite direction from where they saw us and our camera.

The ranch is huge, and they were given an obvious and urgent directive to get as far from us as quickly as possible.

(on camera) The paranoia among FLDS leaders is intense, and that's because they know we're here to ask questions. Like why is it OK to pull all their children out of school so they can toil as free laborers? And what's happening with all the money they're making?

(voice-over) We do know the property the ranch is on is owned by a Nevada businessman who is not in the FLDS. I reached the man's nephew on the phone. He works with his uncle.

(on camera) On that ranch we were there and saw hundreds of children from the FLDS, the Fundamentalist Latter-Day Saints church, harvesting the pecans.

We're wondering if that's an arrangement you know about?

(voice-over) The nephew said somebody else would get back to me with answers, but nobody did. So we went to Las Vegas looking for property owner Gene Yamagada (ph). We went to his company's office.

(on camera) Do you run the office?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I'm just -- I'm the receptionist.

TUCHMAN: But is Mr. Yamagada here?


TUCHMAN: Do you know where he is?


TUCHMAN: Is there anyone else here that might know where he is?


TUCHMAN (voice-over): We then tried to find him at his home, but he lives behind these palm trees in this private gated community. Law-enforcement authorities believe the money made from harvesting pecans goes directly to Warren Jeffs and his church. Mothers of some of the children I talked to off camera acknowledged they get no money for this work. Men helping to maintain security as scores as vans and cars came streaming in behind the gates were, not surprisingly, unhelpful.

(on camera) Sir, can we ask you a quick question? Can you tell us why all the children are out of school and making money for the church by picking pecans?

(voice-over) As the children, who spent eight hours in the fields on this day, continued to work, a neighbor who owned an adjacent farm let us on her land. But when we arrived, the LFDS pecan pickers were chased away from us again.

Dorothy Loud (ph) is a hog farmer and mother of two who says this FLDS child labor has gone on for a week or two for many years and says she feels desperately sorry for the FLDS children.

DOROTHY LOUD (ph), HOG FARMER: The FLDS doesn't let their children talk to other children or adults.

TUCHMAN (on camera): You've seen the children come right up to your fence, picking pecans, and they ignore you?

LOUD (ph): Uh-huh, or they run.

TUCHMAN: They run away from you? They've been running away from us.

LOUD (ph): Yes.

TUCHMAN: But they run away from you, and you're next door on your ranch?

LOUD (ph): Yes. In the past I've seen them here past dark and in the wintertime when it's cool. I mean, I don't let my kids out once the sun starts going down. It's too cold for children to be out, especially working.

TUCHMAN (voice-over): We went to the city hall in Colorado City, Arizona, where the FLDS is headquartered, to try to find out what was going on.

(on camera) Hi. This is Gary Tuchman from CNN. I have a question if you can come to the door for a second?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There's nobody here then...

TUCHMAN: Well, you're here, and it says 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. And right now it's 12:40 p.m.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Right. But I have no statement. You need to talk to...

TUCHMAN: You don't have a statement. You don't even know what the question is yet. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I know it.

TUCHMAN: You know it? OK.

(voice-over) Mothers did not want to talk either.

(on camera) I do know that there are children in the community picking pecans in the pecan fields not far from here. What do you think about that?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I don't care to comment, thanks.

TUCHMAN (voice-over): Another FLDS mother told me off camera her kids have fun picking the pecans, but when I responded that school had been canceled for a week, and families were not being given a choice about this, she declared it's all good, because it's being done for God and for her prophet, Warren Jeffs.


COOPER: And Gary, it seems like it's being done for the profit of this alleged prophet, Warren Jeffs. What are the legal implications here regarding kids not even being paid? These are children working for free for a profit-making enterprise.

TUCHMAN: I mean, there's certainly potential for legal peril here. The question is, does this landowner who's paying for this work to be done know that hundreds of children are doing the work?

We don't know if he knows anything. That's why we came here to Las Vegas to find this guy to have him answer some questions. He's had 28 hours to respond to us, and we haven't gotten in touch with him yet.

We also want to know, Anderson, what the district attorney, the prosecutor in Washington County, Utah, thinks about this. His name is Brock Belnap. He's a good guy. He prosecuted Warren Jeffs successfully in the first of his two trials.

And when I called him to ask him what he thought, he said, "I don't know anything about it." It's been a very well-kept secret. So based on the facts that we uncovered in our report, Brock Belnap is telling us this does raise a red flag. He's going to look into it, but right now it's too early to see what will happen legally.

COOPER: It's hard to believe that somebody affiliated with that ranch didn't know that kids were working on it. This isn't the first day they've been doing it. So it's -- I mean, it's incredible that the owner wouldn't get back to you. If he, in fact, didn't know, you'd think he'd want to clear that up right away. We'll continue to follow that. Gary, great reporting.

Software tycoon John McAfee is no longer on the run tonight. Instead, he's in a Guatemalan police hospital. The latest developments on that ahead.


SUSAN HENDRICKS, CNN ANCHOR: Anderson is back in a moment. I'm Susan Hendricks with a "360 News & Business Bulletin."

Egypt's president, Mohamed Morsi, said he won't stand for the violence that's raged outside his palace and those involved in recent clashes will be punished, specifically those backed by members of the -- his past regime.

In a televised speech, Morsi did not back away from the edict he issued last month, given him sweet? He stood by the up, coming constitutional referendum. Protestors in Tahrir Square chanted "leave, leave" as he spoke.

Software creator John McAfee was rushed to a Guatemalan police hospital today with heart problems. According to his attorney, it happened just hours after officials rejected his bid for asylum there. McAfee's lawyer says she will fight his extradition to Belize, where authorities want to question him about his neighbor's murder.

And Apple will start making a computer in the U.S. next year. CEO Tim Cook tells "Businessweek" the move is part of an effort to boost the U.S. unemployment rate. For years Apple has faced criticism for working conditions at its supply factories in China.

And Mom-to-be Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, has left the hotel where she was treated for acute morning sickness. Her husband, Prince William, escorted her to a waiting car. The palace has yet to announce a due date for the new royal, who will be next in line to the throne after dad.

And President Obama and his family celebrated the annual Christmas tree lighting near the White House tonight. The president said the first lady told him to make his remarks brief because she wanted to hear music.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE (singing): You better watch out. You better not cry. You better not shout. I'm telling you why. Santa Claus is coming to town. He's making a list and he's checking it twice he's going to find out who is naughty or nice


HENDRICKS: They were celebrating in D.C. But just hours from now the November jobs report comes out, and it is expected to be messy. Between holiday hiring and the aftermath of Sandy, some analysts saying no matter what it shows, no one should read much into it.

Still, with the holidays upon us, how are some businesses finding ways to keep jobs and their doors are open while others are failing? Tom Foreman went looking for some answers in New York, in tonight's "American Journey."


TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Amid the bustle of Broadway, against the bad economy and the crushing competition, at the Strand, the show goes on. It started more than 80 years ago. This independent bookstore has beaten the odds, surviving the Great Depression, World War II, and Fred Bass, who was a baby when his dad started the Strand, says the store is enduring these tough times, too.

FRED BASS, OWNER, THE STRAND: We have good books and good prices. Lately we've been selling a lot of new books at discount, but it's mostly used books or bargain books that we sell. Or antiquarian and out-of-print books.

FOREMAN: The Strand's eclectic approach allows it to appeal to a broad array of clients hunting both the trivial and the treasured on its shelves, like this rare signed copy of "Ulysses" by James Joyce.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What are we selling this one for? Twenty- five thousand dollars. A bargain, really.

FOREMAN: But The Strand's success is about more than inventory. Employees top to bottom must possess a deep knowledge of books and embrace the idea that they are maintaining a business, yes, but also a community.

BILLY MOWBRAY, EMPLOYEE: There's just a comfort here where people feel willing to open up and just have 30-minute conversations with you in the aisles even when you probably should be working.

FOREMAN: The Strand has kept up with the times, too. To compete with mega bookstores and Internet retailers, it now offers almost all of its books online. Still, it could be argued that, in these days of everything moving faster, the Strand's winning edge really comes from going slower.

IRIS LEVY, SHOPPER: There's something about being able to just browse through all these aisles and hold the book and read a book and look at a book. That's wonderful.

FOREMAN: The bottom line of all this: even with the economy down, sales at the Strand are up. Another great season of holiday shopping is going on the books.

Tom Foreman, CNN.


HENDRICKS: Our thanks to Tom Foreman for that. Anderson will be right back. Stay with us.


COOPER: We usually bring you "The RidicuList" at this time of night, but the interview with the photographer who took the picture of the man killed in the subway went long. We felt it was an important interview. Thanks for watching. "ERIN BURNETT OUTFRONT" starts now.