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Still No Pope As Conclave Enters Second Day; Barcelona Completes Historic Comeback To Advance To Champion's League Quarterfinals; Gang Rape Suspects Give New Delhi Slum Bad Name; Filipino Catholics Hoping For Asian Pope; Cambridge Study Predict Personality Based On Facebook Likes

Aired March 13, 2013 - 08:00:00   ET


KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.

Black smoke, the conclave continues at the Vatican as we wait for the election of a new pope.

The Syrian conflict tears apart 2 million young lives, leaving children terrified and starving.

And Chinese authorities claim drinking water from this river is still safe, even as thousands of dead pigs are found upstream.

The 115 cardinals charged with electing the next pope are now on a lunch break. Now earlier they began day two of their conclave. A short time ago, black smoke poured out of the chimney on the roof of the Sistine Chapel, a sign that the cardinals did not reach consensus on the church's new leader during their morning session. And in about three hours time, they will return to the chapel to resume voting.

Now a two-thirds majority of votes is required to confirm the new pope. Let's go live now to Dan Rivers who is outside the Quirinal palace. And Dan, set the scene for us.

DAN RIVERS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Kristie, you're probably pretty used to seeing the sights of St. Peter's Basilica, but actually I'm on the other side of the city. Welcome to the Quirinale, this is the highest of the seven hills of Rome. It's famous, of course, for this building here. This is the official residence of the president of the Italian Republic.

But you might not know this actually used to be a residents, also, of the pope's back in history, Pope Gregory XIII back in 1383. He used this as a summer residence. And more recently it was actually used for five different conclaves between 1774 and 1846. They had the same system of smoke that we've been reporting on down there. They will wait for the white smoke. People will be gathered rather than crowds gathering here, the people on the other side of the city could keep an eye out and if they saw the white smoke they'd fire a cannon to let the entire city know that a new pope had been elected.

We're going to give you a tour throughout the day, hopefully, if the technology works for us, of the various different sights around Rome that are connected with the pope.

Ximena Amarales, you are an architectural historian, an expert on these...

LU STOUT: And unfortunately, just after Dan said the technology was not working out for then just then, but as Dan was setting the scene for us, was describing Quirinale Palace there outside the Vatican as a site where conclaves of the past used to take place. And we'll try to fix that connection for you so we can hear more from the architectural historian.

Now, the conclave is taking place in the Sistine Chapel beneath some of the world's finest works of art. And yes, the 115 cardinals eligible to vote are casting their ballots before Michaelangelo's depiction of Christ delivering the last judgment seen in this image.

Now the enormous fresco on the altar wall of the chapel took the Renaissance master some four years to complete nearly 500 years ago. And the election of a pope has for centuries been shrouded in religious mystery and secrecy, but in this modern age the process seems more like a political campaign with high stakes for the future of the Catholic church.

Jim Bittermann has more.


JIM BITTERMANN: Since the very first conclave, the explanation has always been the same. As the cardinals gather behind locked doors, they try their best to discern the will of the Holy Spirit for guidance that will help them make the right choice to lead the worldwide church. But seldom have worldly concerns weighed so heavily on cardinals' minds.

As never before, the cardinals themselves say that the church's international and external problems will play a significant role in the way they vote for pope. On the sex abuse scandals, for instance, victims' groups have published lists of candidates who have good and bad track records. The Vatican spokesman says that will have no impact on the vote.

THOMAS ROSICA, VATICAN SPOKESMAN: We are well aware of the position of SNAP and the information that you've seen in the press, but it really isn't up to SNAP, that organization, to determine who should participate or not in the conclave.

BITTERMANN: But papal watchers say they can't believe the voting cardinals would not consider a candidate's background on the sex abuse issue.

GERARD O'CONNELL, VATICAN INSIDER MAGAZINE: They will not go for a character who is not, should I call it, squeaky clean.

BITTERMANN: And in interviews over the two weeks since Benedict XVI stepped down, the cardinals have been uncharacteristically direct about what it will take to be the next pope. For some, he has to be a good manager who can clean up what many consider long festering problems of Vatican governance, more transparency in church finances, fewer leaks in scandals at the Holy See.

For others, a top priority will be finding someone who can stop the church's decline in the western world, attract more priests, bring more masses to the masses.

JOHN ALLEN, CNN SENIOR VATICAN ANALYST: And they're looking for somebody who can be an evangelizer, the secular word for which is a salesman, you know, somebody who can effectively make the pitch for Catholicism in the post-modern marketplace.

BITTERMANN: And still others, but perhaps only a few, may want to find someone who would want to change church rules on celibacy or the role of women in the church. It could be argued that since Benedict XVI has now broken centuries of traditions by retiring, other church traditions can be called into question as well.

Ideologically, the cardinals may be cut from very similar cloth. But in the past two weeks of private meetings. They've spent their time trying to discern the qualities of the person in their midst who can guide their church toward the vision that most closely matches their own.

The Holy Spirit will certainly be on the cardinals' minds as they vote, but influencing their decisions as well will be what they've heard from the other cardinals with the public and from those inside and outside the church about the challenges the new pope will face. Jim Bittermann, CNN, Rome.


LU STOUT: OK. Tech issues sorted, fingers crossed, let's go back to Dan Rivers and his guest now in Rome -- Dan.

RIVERS: Thank you. Welcome back to the Quirinale. As we were saying, this is where conclaves used to happen back in the 1800s and before. And I'm with Ximena Amarales again, architectural historian. You were just trying to tell us before we got interrupted about the huge contribution that the pope's made to the city of Rome.

XIMENA AMARALES, HISTORICAL GUIDE: Yes, because they were like the owners when this was a state, a state of the church that this was called an antipodal (ph) state. So, for them, it was just to become maybe as rich as it was England in those days, or maybe Spain or maybe France. So, for them, this was a city of the pilgrims, so it had to be for them.

RIVERS: They built enormous numbers of arti -- edifices, of...

AMARALES: Fountains, of squares, they wanted to create spaces for the pilgrims. So every square was embellished with some Roman remain, because we can't forget that we inherited the Roman empire's remains. And as the objects that we have here behind, that it was taken here by Augustus and replaced here by a pope.

RIVERS: So in those days, the pope's weren't confined to Vatican City, they had the whole city to play with architecturally. They built all kinds of things.

AMARALES: The Vatican was just their palace, and the rest of the city was for the pilgrims. So all these fountains, for example, were just to refresh the pilgrims that had to see the pope. People would come here during the summer to visit the pope. And for them, it was -- they planned the city for them so that they could reach the different churches easily just by using these obelisks as, for example, as beacons of Christianity, that was their goal.

RIVERS: Well, hopefully, if the technology works, throughout the day we'll thank you very much Ximena. We'll try and take you on a bit of a tour around the other sites, Kristie, around Rome which are connected to the popes, for example, the Trevi fountain. Not many people know, they go there to throw a coin in for good luck, that also was funded and built by the popes.

Back to you.

LU STOUT: And that is fascinating to learn how the church has left a mark on the architecture not just of Vatican City, but throughout the city of Rome. Dan Rivers joining us live, thank you.

You're watching News Stream. And coming up next, Syrian children starving, injured, and used as human shields. This is a shocking new report detailing the devastating impact of Syria's civil war.

And a New Delhi slum is in the spotlight. It was home to several suspects in a brutal gang rape that made headlines around the world. And now the area's other residents are speaking out.

And just how did thousands of dead pigs end up in a river that flows through the heart of Shanghai? That story and more straight ahead.


LU STOUT: Welcome back.

And you're looking at a visual rundown of all the main stories on News Stream this Wednesday. Now earlier we showed you the black smoke puffing from the chimney of the Sistine Chapel. There is no knew pope yet.

And later, we'll tell you how some celebrities financial information showed up on the internet even as the U.S. says it will be more proactive in preventing cyber crime.

But now we turn to Syria and the young victims of the bitter two year conflict there. Now many are too young to fight, but they are not too young to be in harm's way in this civil war.

Now in a new report, the aid group Save the Children says that more than 2 million Syrian children are suffering from trauma, malnutrition or disease. The report says that one in every three children has been wounded in the war. And three out of every four has lost a loved one. Now Save the Children as young as eight are being used as human shields.

Now Justin Forsyth of Save the Children UK spoke to CNN earlier today.


JUSTIN FORSYTH, SAVE THE CHILDREN UK: One little boy told me a story about how the soldiers broke into his house. They took his brother, his father, his uncle upstairs and they tortured them for two days while the children downstairs had to listen.

But I also met children who had been in prison. I mean, one little boy, you know, that's out of 150 mainly adults, but some children. He was taken out every day and put in a giant wheel and burnt with a cigarette on his body.

So terrible, harrowing tales. I think children have -- are facing terrible tragedy in Syria.


LU STOUT: A harrowing account.

Now the Save the Children report, it comes just as Syria's civil war marks its second anniversary with seemingly no end in sight. Now Nick Paton Walsh is watching developments in Syria. He joins us live from Beirut, Lebanon.

And Nick, I understand you were recently at a refugee camp in Jordan. And while there, what did you see and what did you hear from the child victims of the war?

NICK PATON WALSH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, you have to actually bear in mind the sheer number, the scale of children affected by this. In that one camp, Zaatari in Jordan, half the people there are children under the age of 11. That's the same for all refugees from this conflict. And simply when you're standing there, these children flock everywhere. They have nothing. They're looking for food. They're looking for clean water sometimes. Some of them are prey to domestic accidents there. We saw a couple of children rushed into a nearby medical facility because a tent they were sleeping in had caught fire.

But another thing I think is fair to say harasses them quite a lot, the Jordanian air force in that area are patrolling the border and sometimes their jets swoop low over their camp, and that will be something most ordinary children could cope with, but these children have lived with the sound of Syrian jets bombing the neighborhoods they live in and many of them, we're told, really are terrified by the sound of those aircraft, Kristie.

LU STOUT: Syrian child refugees are suffering as well as, according to Save the Children, 2 million young Syrians inside the country. Save the Children says that the only way to stop young people suffering is to bring an end to the war, but are we any closer to that?

PATON WALSH: There's no obvious sign of that at the moment. All the different approaches to try and bring an end to this shuffle along, meet their moments of stalemate and then seem to resume again. Diplomatically at the moment, yesterday we had perhaps a hopeful move. Russia working with France and the United States to try and find members affiliated to the Syrian regime, Syrian officials, who the Syrian opposition would be willing to talk to. That's kind of creating a sort of a separate stream of negotiations to try and bring a political end to that conflict.

It may weaken President Bashar al-Assad, but what it probably won't do is bring the fighters on the ground, the rebel units which are increasingly well armed, increasingly organized and increasingly on the move towards the Assad regime's dug in position. It won't bring them, suddenly on side for a political negotiation, because we are certainly seeing, let's say, those units improving what they are able to do, the weaponry they're getting, and of course advancing on key cities, Kristie.

LU STOUT: All right. Nick Paton Walsh joining us live in Beirut with the very latest from Syria as well as this report from Save the Children. Thank you very much indeed for that.

Now there has been a deadly attack in Kashmir. Now two militants assaulted a police training camp in the Indian controlled part of Kashmir. And authorities say that five Indian police officers were killed. They say the militants also died. Three civilians and five police officers are wounded. And India's home secretary says that he believes that the attackers came from Pakistan. And Pakistan rejected the claim. Militants loyal to Pakistan have been fighting for two decades against Indian rule in Kashmir.

And meanwhile, in India's capital of New Delhi, a slum has now gained sudden notoreity. Now Ravidass Camp, it was home to several of the suspects in the deadly beating and gang rape of a young woman on a bus. Sumnima Udas now reports that other residents in the neighborhood say that they are now worried for their own children about what the future could bring.


SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: It's a slum like many in New Delhi, a maze of narrow lanes, hundreds of windowless, toiletless, one room homes crammed together. Shanty towns like Ravidass Camp are a haven for many of India's migrant workers who move to the capital in search of a better life. Locals say they try to make an honest living, many here working as manual laborers or driving a auto rickshas (ph). Recently, though, Ravidass Camp has acquired unwelcome attention. It is home to four of the six men accused of the December gang rape and murder of a young woman on a moving bus.

This is where Ram Singh, the main suspect in the gang rape case and the driver of the bus in which the victim was raped, used to live. Neighbors here say he and his brother Mukesh Singh had been living here for more than two decades. Ram Singh is now dead and his brother is still in jail.

Authorities say preliminary reports suggest Ram Singh committed suicide inside his prison cell using his own clothes to hang himself, but his parents don't believe it.

MANGE RAM, RAM SINGH'S FATHER (through translator): His shoulder bone is broken and he has injury marks. There is blood all over his face. Ram Singh has been killed and hanged.

UDAS: Ram Singh's lawyer says his client had no reason to kill himself as he was happy with how the trial was proceeding.

Tucked away in one corner of the slum, Ram Singh's home still abandoned. Hindu gods adorn his walls, but his neighbors say he was not a good man.

BIHARI LAL, NEIGHBOR (through translator): I always thought it would be good if he didn't live here. And now he's gone. I feel no remorse for him. He was a very bad person.

UDAS: Few here want to talk, but those who do are angry.

KAMLA, NEIGHBOR (through translator): That gang rape has had a really bad impact on our slum. This will surely affect our children. When they go to college or work, everyone naturally says, oh you live there? You're from that slum?

UDAS: We set out to look for family members of the other accused. We find suspect Vinesh Sharma's (ph) mother.

VINAY SHARMA, MOTHER OF SUSPECT; Since Ram Singh's death, I'm very scared for my son. He's still inside the prison. I hope they are giving him security. I hope they're looking after him. He's still young. He's still a student.

UDAS: Authorities have stepped up security and launched an inquiry into Ram Singh's death. We asked the police in the Indian home ministry about the allegations from his family. Officials tell us they don't want to jump into any conclusions until the investigation is complete. But many Indians are questioning how such a high profile suspect could die in the country's most secure prison.

For their part, residents of Ravidass Camp say they just want to escape the headlines and return to their normal lives soon.

Sumnima Udas, CNN, New Delhi.


LU STOUT: Coming up on News Stream, thousands of dead pigs fished from a river in China and the discovery sparking public outrage and concerns about the safety of drinking water.


LU STOUT: Live from Hong Kong, you are back watching News Stream.

Now China's state run news agency Xinhua reports that workers have fished out nearly 6,000 dead pigs from a river in Shanghai. Now the city is China's financial hub and the Huangpu River runs right through the center of it. Now the waterway is a source of drinking water. And David McKenzie reports many are now wondering whether their health is at risk.


DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: This is the Huangpu River, which leads into Shanghai. It's a busy shipping lane, but it's also one of the main sources of water for the some 23 million residents of the city in China and those residents have been very nervous in recent days.

And I'm standing on just a pile of junk and trash next to the river. There's always pollution problems here. But what's really disturbing, in the last few days there have been pigs, thousands of dead pigs, floating on this river. They've been fished out by the authorities. And people are asking questions how did this happen?

"There were dead pigs all around and they really stank," he says. "Of course we are worried, but what can you do about it? It's water we have to drink and use."

Despite, though, authorities saying that they've tested the water and there's nothing wrong with it. People here don't know who to trust, because of all the food safety issues in China and the water pollution scandals. We've just been here a few moments and already we found a dead pig lying in the water.

They don't know exactly what this is from, but authorities believe it could be the porcine cirovirus, which is dangerous to pigs, but doesn't affect people.

The UN estimates that there are nearly a half billion pigs in China. And as the urban middle class grows, they worry can authorities keep up with the demand and keep people safe when disease strikes.

David McKenzie, CNN, Shanghai.


LU STOUT: Now, this incident grabbed the attention of people across China after residents of Shanghai posted photos of the dead pigs to the Chinese microblog Sina Weibo and expressed concerns about water safety. And even the pro-Beijing English daily, the Global Times, is now demanding more government transparency.

An op-ed reads this, quote, "the confronting images of dead pigs polluting this crucial source of drinking water also highlighted the pressing task that authorities must tackle. Now they should publish timely data regarding the quality of drinking water to reassure the public." Again, that quote from China's Global Times.

Now time now to get a check of your global weather forecast with a focus on snow woes in Europe. It's been awhile, but we have our Jennifer Delgado standing by for us at the world weather center with more on that -- Jen.

JENNIFER DELGADO, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Kristie. You're right. We are talking about a lot of travel problems across parts of Europe, but the good news is the heavy snowfall, it is winding down.

We're still looking at some light snow coming down right now through parts of Germany, but for France you can see it quieting down. A little bit of scattered shower activity off the coast of England.

Now, for the snow, again as we go through the next 24 to 48 hours, we're going to start to see more of that spreading over towards the east and you've got to see for yourself. Still, some of these locations, especially to the east of the Adriatic Sea, we're going to see potentially about 14 centimeters of snowfall in Sarajevo.

But let me show you some video, and this is a great one, it gives you a triple box of conditions in Brussels as well as into Sussex and the UK and into France. Now that was yesterday. You can see a lot of travel delays not just by plane, but we're also talking about by car. You see the backup there.

Well, as I take you over to our graphic, we want to give you the forecast for the remainder of today and as well as really through the end of the week.

What we're going to see, as I said, that snow making that way over towards the east, that low is going to be moving right through parts of Italy bringing windy conditions as well as some scattered showers for areas like Italy and then mostly rain. But that cold air, it's not going anywhere. The cold conditions will continue to be a problem as we go through the next three days.

Here's your forecast for three hotspots, or maybe I should call them cold spots. For Berlin, we're expecting a high of only minus 1, we should say, on Thursday. And then notice for Warsaw as well minus 3 and minus 4 degrees.

Now, as we talk about what's happening in Europe, and we're trying to show you more of those temperatures, they're still running in some of these locations about 10 to 15 degrees below average. This gives you a wider view of conditions. Berlin, you're certainly are a cool spot with zero degrees there. And Bucharest at minus 2 degrees.

And we move over towards parts of Asia and to China, just some clouds hugging the coastline, this is all courtesy of a front that's been bringing some rain and some snow through parts of Japan, but once we get that out of here, we are going to see high pressure building back in and that is going to mean a return to mild conditions through parts of China.

Now I also want to leave you with some video coming out of Europe again. This is out of Brussels. And Kristie, you know by now, you know I love weather. And I love animals. So here's the combination. You saw a nice little puppy running in the snow, again this is out of Belgium, so it wasn't all bad. Of course people came out to play in the snow. You can see the kids are having a good time.

But I have to tell you, I'm happy to see you. I haven't seen you in probably like a year on air.

LU STOUT: I know. It's wonderful to be talking to you in real time on air.

DELGADO: I know. We're reunited.


LU STOUT: Yeah, reunited. And smiling puppies. Jen Delgado, leaving her mark on the show. Jen, thank you. Take care.

Now if you believe in Martians, the next story is definitely for you. NASA's space rover Curiosity has literally scooped up what scientists say are the ingredients of life from the Red Planet. John Zarrella has more from Miami.


JOHN ZARRELLA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: NASA scientists are certainly very, very excited this evening. You know, back when they chose the landing site for Curiosity, the Gale Crater, they chose it for a reason, they believed that water once flowed in that area of Mars. And very early on in the Curiosity mission, they proved that, in fact, there was a dried out river bed there, and in fact that one time water did flow in that area of Mars. And they believe because of that, there was a chance that the ingredients for life might very well be found in that river bed in the Gale Crater. And, in fact, they proved today that they're right.

MICHAEL MEYER, NASA: Mars has written the autobiography -- its autobiography in the rocks of Gale Crater. And we've just started deciphering that story.

So Chapter 1, Yellow Knife Bay. This was an ancient environment with the right elements. Minerals indicating a new neutral environment and slightly salty liquid water.

All the prerequisites to support life, a habitable environment.

ZARRELLA: What they did was last month they drilled into a rock. It was the first time that they used Curiosities drill to drill into a rock. And then the dust that was collected from the drill, scooped it up and put it in the on board chemistry lab on Curiosity. First time any Mars vehicle has had that capability to do that.

So they put that in the on board chemistry lab. They analyzed it. And lo and behold, they find out that there's all of this life soup, these ingredients in this sample. Things like sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide.

Now they have not proven that life existed on Mars, that's still perhaps down the road. And certainly they did not find evidence of life on Mars, but what they did find was evidence that, in fact, the ingredients for life were at one time in Mars's ancient history present, at least in this spot on Mars.


LU STOUT: John Zarrella reporting on the latest big find from the Curiosity Rover.

You are watching News Stream. And coming up next, more black smoke means still no pope.

Also ahead, cyber hacked: government agencies, banks, and maybe celebrities as well all under attack.


LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.

The 115 cardinals charged with electing the next pope are now on a lunch break. And a short time ago, black smoke poured out of the chimney on the roof of the Sistine Chapel and that indicated that the cardinals did not reach consensus on the church's new leader during today's morning session. And they will return to the chapel to resume voting in about two- and-a-half hours.

A report by an international charity says as many as 2 million children are trapped in syria's bloody conflict. They are suffering trauma, malnutrition, and disease. Save the Children says that one-in- three youngsters has been injured in the war. And many have been forced out of their homes. And many girls are being married off early to try to protect them from sexual violence.

Police in Indian controlled Kashmir say militants have killed five officers in an attack on a police post there. They say the two gunmen were killed in the fight. India's home secretary says that he believes the attackers came from Pakistan. Pakistan's foreign office disputes that.

It is day two of the conclave to elect a new pope. And you're looking at live pictures from Vatican City where the 115 cardinals eligible to vote are currently having a lunch break. Our analysts say that there will be intense discussion of the contenders during these few hours away from the Sistine Chapel where the voting is taken place.

Now earlier on Wednesday, black smoke billowed from the chimney on the roof of the Chapel, which means that the morning balloting, it failed to elect a new pope.

And earlier, a Vatican spokesman explained how they get the smoke to turn black.


ROSICA: To produce the black smoke, we have colored potassium, entra sena (ph), which I'll -- I don't know what that is, but entra sena, it's very powerful -- and zolpho (ph) -- zinc.

The white smoke is produced by potassium cloride, lactose and chloloform.


LU STOUT: Now we know the chemical recipe. Now the cardinals will have two more opportunities to vote on Wednesday. A two-thirds majority is required to confirm a new pontiff.

Now there is some speculation that Benedict's dramatic resignation could prompt an equally unusual decision about his successor. And hopes are high in the Philippines for the popular Archbishop of Manila Luis Tagle. Now the cardinal was close to the previous pope, but as Liz Neisloss now reports, some may consider the 55 year old too young for the role.


LIZ NEISSLOSS, CNN INTERNAITONAL CORRESPONDENT: Imus Cathedral in the heart of the city where Cardinal Tagle once presided. Inside, a bustle of activity. Children from a local Catholic school rehearse for an awards ceremony. Parents here say Cardinal Tagle was popular with youth. Kids paid attention when he gave the weekly sermon.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): After the weekly mass, the children would all run to him and just hug him. He had a special appeal to not just children, but adults too.

NEISSLOSS: Here in the city of Imus, life seems to go on as normal. There's little indication that father Luis Tagle, whose family roots are here, who served as bishop here for 10 years, is mentioned as a papal candidate. But it's not hard to find admirers.

Arlene Ponsalon's (ph) two children were confirmed by Tagle.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He has a heart to deliver god's word to everyone, right? The moment we hear a mass, we can feel god's presence in him.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): He's a very, very good person. Father Tagle is a helpful person. He helps the Catholic religion grow among us Filipinos.

NEISLOSS: People here call Tagle a humble man who preferred public transport. Not far from the Cathedral, it's quiet at Tagle's family home. Just across the street, the barber shop where Tagle would come with his father and wait in line with everyone else.

UNIDENTIFED MALE (through translator): He always wanted the barber's cut, not too long, not too short.

NEISLOSS: The focus on Tagle has some thinking it's time for a pope from Asia.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And we're hoping that the new pope will be an Asian one from the Philippines. So we are very proud to have him if the Holy Spirits will provide.

NEISLOSS: Liz Neisloss, CNN, Imus, the Philippines.


LU STOUT: And with no clear frontrunner this conclave, it could be a cliffhanger. The practice of selecting the pope is steeped in centuries old tradition. It was born out of frustration after a gathering of cardinals took at least three years to decide.

Now eventually Pope Gregory X was chosen. He wanted to avoid a repeat of his own experience. So the conclave became a tradition. Cardinals in the future would get only one dish at their noon and evening meal if they took more than three days to decide and only bread, water, and wine if it went beyond eight. Those food restrictions are now gone.

But Pope Gregory would be proud. More recently, the cardinals have on average chosen a pope within three days.

Now the doors to the Sistine Chapel are closed and the cardinals cloistered inside have taken a vow of secrecy as the election of a new pope continues.

But how does the Vatican make absolutely sure that there are no leaks? Tom Foreman has a virtual look at papal conclave security.


TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: With worldwide media swirling and one imposter already caught -- he was a protester who got close enough to shake a cardinal's hand -- extraordinary measures have been taken to protect the privacy of the conclave. The doors are locked, the windows blocked, and the cardinals have all taken a vow of secrecy.

But here are three ways the Vatican code could still be cracked. First, the Russian gambit. No one in the chapel is allowed to have any sort of cell phone or Blackberry. Cardinals with Twitter accounts are now tweetless. The room has been swept for electronic bugs and a jamming system has been installed beneath the floor.

But security experts point out every item brought in from clothing to furniture to the stoves to burn the ballots could carry a spy device. Think not? A few decades ago, the U.S. had to rebuild a brand-new embassy in Moscow after so many bugs were found to have smuggled into the architecture and fixtures. Still, security analysts suspect the Swiss guard can keep the electronic threat to a minimum. CNN's Mike Brooks:

MIKE BROOKS, HLN LAW ENFORCEMENT ANALYST: I think they've got that wrapped up. They've gone over all of those pieces with a fine- toothed comb to make sure there's nothing embedded in anything.

FOREMAN: But what about the connection? The cardinals deliberate by themselves and sleep only 100 yards away. But they need food, water, supplies and possibly medical care. Each person who provides a service represents another potential leak.

BROOKS: Well, they're threatened with ex-communication from the church. So, are they willing to give away any secrets, if you will, while facing possible ex-communication? That remains to be seen.

FOREMAN: And finally, there is the inside man. Remember, the oath of secrecy is standard. But after Pope Benedict was elected, some still- unnamed cardinal leaked information about the other top contenders.

We don't know if any of this is going to play out? But we do know is this, the Vatican is still stinging from some high level leaks last year of very sensitive information and they would very much like to avoid that sort of embarrassment again.

Tom Foreman, CNN.


LU STOUT: Now the U.S. National Security Agency director says that the Pentagon needs to be more proactive in preventing cyber attacks. General Keith Alexander told the Senate Armed Services Committee on Tuesday that the U.S. will strengthen its cyber defense. And it came just one day after a White House official blasted China over cyber espionage. Now President Obama's national security adviser demanded the Chinese government to stop stealing data from American computer networks. It's a claim China's foreign minister denied.

Now, just about an hour after General Alexander finished his testimony, hackers brought down the website of a major U.S. bank. Customers of Chase Bank, they found this message when they tried to log in on Tuesday evening. And the bank admitted that it has been hit with a denial of service attack. The service has since been restored.

Now the U.S. first lady and some Hollywood celebrities, they might be victims of a cyber attack as well. Brian Todd has the story.


BRIAN TODD, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Kim Kardashian's auto loan, Michelle Obama's student loan and credit report, Ashton Kutcher's mortgage, Beyonce's address and phone number. A website with a ghoulish- looking girl on the main page is listing information that claims as the financial data of those celebrities and more. Some of Attorney General Eric Holder's information is on there.

We cannot verify that this data is accurate, but the credit agency, Equifax, confirms its reports for four individuals were accessed without authorization. Another credit agency, Trans Union, tells us its information was breached when sophisticated perpetrators posed as account holders on the internet.

EVAN HENDRICKS, AUTHOR, "CREDIT SCORES & CREDIT REPORTS" This is a grotesque invasion of privacy because this is the most private information on anyone you can find in one document.

TODD: Privacy expert, Evan Hendricks, wrote a book on credit scores.

This claims to be Michelle Obama's credit report. Does this look legitimate to you?

HENDRICKS: It clearly looks legit. Only the individual can know for sure if it's his or her own credit report, but if I had to bet, I'd say this is legit.

TODD: Regarding Michelle Obama as well as Vice President Biden and Hillary Clinton, the secret service and FBI are investigating if the information on the website is theirs, and if so, how it got there. A law enforcement official tells CNN investigators will try to get records from internet service providers.

We reached out to representatives for Kim Kardashian, Ashton Kutcher, Beyonce and Jay-Z. We either didn't hear back or got a no comment from them. This kind of attack has a name.

(on-camera) Experts say what this could be is what's called a DOX attack. In simple slang term, it's spelled D-O-X- or D-O-X-X. What it is is when people get personal information of yours unannounced (ph) to you, not necessarily through hacking and just put it online for all the world to see.

(voice-over) Experts say perpetrators do that by first getting your Social Security number or date of birth from another source by hacking or other means, then they either call a credit agency or go online posing as you to get all the financial data they can. Some information like property records is already public. I asked former justice department cybercrime prosecutor, Mark Zwillinger, how we can protect ourselves.

MARK ZWILLINGER, FORMER CYBERCRIME PROSECUTOR: The way to do that is to either put a credit freeze on your credit report or pay for a credit monitoring service. A credit monitoring service will let you know whenever someone is trying to open up a credit account in your name.

TODD: How does law enforcement catch these people? Zwillinger says they'll check with credit agencies, banks and other firms to see if there are insiders leaking personal information. If it's a case of hacking, he says, they'll trace the digital footprint to IP addresses, databases with the information, to see if they've been compromised.

Brian Todd, CNN, Washington.


LU STOUT: You're watching News Stream. And still ahead on the program, a sensational comeback for the Catalan giants. Amanda Davies will be here with all the latest sports, so stay with us.


LU STOUT: Welcome back.

As promised now to sports. And Lionel Messi, he spearheaded a historic Champion's League victory. Let's get the details now with Amanda Davies -- Amanda.

AMANDA DAVIES, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Kristie. Yeah, so much for the end of an era. We saw a real lesson in Champion's League football from Barcelona on Tuesday night, one that booked their place in the quarterfinals. And it led David Villa to insist that any doubts about their form should be banished.

The Catalan giants became the only side ever to successfully come back from 2-0 down in the knockout stage of the Champion's League. And they did it in some serious style, a sensational performance and two goals from Lionel Messi helped them to a 4-0 win over the Serie A side Milan. It was a 4-2 victory on aggregate. So they're safely through to Friday's last eight draw.


DANI ALVES, BARCELONA DEFENDER (through translator): I have a feeling we would make it. This team could not end this tournament in this way. Now a better team can come along and beat us and knock us out, but for now that team wasn't better than us. It looked like the tie had been decided after the opening match, but Barca is Barca.

MASSIMILIANO ALLEGRI, AC MILAN COACH (through translator): Barcelona is the strongest team in the world and Milan is a team that is building with a lot of young players that have to grow. I am very realistic and practical. Everyone likes dreaming and thinking, but we have to believe what we think, that is reality.


DAVIES: Didier Drogba and Wesley Schneider are both in the Champion's League quarterfinals once again. They helped Turkish side Galatasaray book their place in the last eight for the first time since 2001 with a 3-2 win over Schalke, that was 4-3 on aggregate.

So it's six teams through, two to go, and on Wednesday Arsenal might well need to take some heart from Barca's comeback. They're heading to Bayern Munich with a 3-1 deficit. And Porto take a 1-0 lead into their trip to Malaga.

On to some NBA news. And the Miami Heat travel to Philadelphia on Wednesday looking for their 20th straight win after recording number 19 against the Atlanta Hawks on Tuesday. They led from start to finish to a 98-81. And the franchise record streak just keeps on going.

So does Dwayne Wade. A day after being named the Eastern Conference player of the week, he was the Heat's top scorer with 23 points here in the first quarter picking up the ball from LeBron James.

James had an off night in the scoring department for the second straight game. This on the way to his 15 as Heat lead 57-44 at the half.

They lead by double digits for most of the second half. Chris Bosh and Mario Chalmers both did their part bagging 14 points each. Josh Smith lead the scoring for the Hawks, but that wasn't enough. The Heat completed their season sweep against the Hawks.

And in the fourth, Dwayne Wade made sure with the slam. He's now scored 20 or more points in 10 straight games. It really is an incredible run for them.

Time now, though, for the latest from Pedro Pinto's road trip to Rio. It's a sport's mad city in a sport's mad country, which is lucky given they've got the Confederation's Cup, the World Cup, and the Olympics coming up in the next few years.


PEDRO PINTO, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: I arrived in Rio fully aware of people's undying love of football, but I leave with a better understanding of their overall passion for sports.

Let me show you what I mean.

(voice-over): As you would expect, football is king on the sand. And it takes on different forms. Foote volley (ph) is also quite popular. There's plenty of action at sea as well. Surfers line the coast riding Rio's world famous waves.

(on camera): It may be 35 degrees out here, but that doesn't stop the locals getting out and being active. They find a variety of ways to work up a sweat.

It may not technically be a sport, but slack line is definitely a growing trend here in Rio. Invented in California in the 80s, it has people falling head over heels for it.

And last but certainly not least, the game which rivals football for popularity here, volleyball -- men, women, children, they all play it here on the beach. And the national team is incredibly successful with a multitude of world and Olympic titles. I'm really not dressed for the occasion today, so I'll leave it to the experts.


DAVIES: Kristie, Pedro still has some way to go to convince me he's working hard on that trip, I'll tell you.


LU STOUT: Yeah, you can tell he's really enjoying the series of reports there from Rio. Yes, the football is big there, but the bikini count in that report just then is pretty high.


LU STOUT: Amanda Davies there. You've got to agree. Thank you Amanda, take care.

You are watching News Stream. And we'll be back right after the break. Stick around.


LU STOUT: Now, golf is a pretty simple game, you just need to get the ball in the hole, but one golfer, he found himself in a hole, literally, after he was swallowed up by a five meter sinkhole in the middle of the course. Talia Kaplan from our affiliate KSDK has more.


MARK MIHAL, FELL INTO A SINKHOLE: That was the initial thought. I was like, man this is it.

TALIA KAPLAN, KSDK CORRESPONDENT: It sure wasn't the hole in one Mark Mihal of Creve Core (ph) was expecting.

MIHAL: Well, I was interested in shock.

KAPLAN: This husband and father of two was playing golf Friday with friends at Annbriar Golf Course. They were on the 14th hold in the middle of the fairway when Mihal noticed something unusual.

MIHAL: The fairway had lots of moguls and mounds in it. And I saw this depression and I was like, well that's interesting, you know. So I went over to check it out.

KAPLAN: The next thing he knew he was in the ground. Mihal fell about 15 feet into this sinkhole, landing in a big pile of mud.

MIHAL: It was just darkness down there. So, you know, I was just -- I was like, just someone get me out of here now.

KAPLAN: He says he immediately went into survival mode.

MIHAL: Thank god I was playing with a foursome. I was probably 15 feet away from my buddy Mike who -- we were talking about it and then all of a sudden I was gone. He heard moaning he said. And he looked back and I just disappeared.

KAPLAN: His friends called the clubhouse asking for a ladder and rope. They all knew time was of the essence. So one of his friends, Ed Magaletta, jumped in himself.

ED MAGALETTA, GOLFER: And I knew he couldn't get up the ladder by himself. And the longer he stayed down there, the worse it was. So I felt that somebody had to do it.

KAPLAN: Magaletta put a splint around his arm and tried to do whatever he could to help his friend.

MIHAL: They put a rope around me, pulled me out from the top and then he helped me, he pushed me from the bottom.

KAPLAN: 20 minutes later, Mihal was back on solid land.

MIHAL: My arm was killing me, but I was just happy to be on the ground. I mean, see the sunlight and, you know, thankful that I wasn't hurt worse.

RUSS NOBBE, ANNBRIAR GENERAL MANAGER: We're sorry this happened here. It is an extremely unfortunate event, an event we feel is an act of nature, you know, we don't feel there's any way we could have foreseen this happening.

KAPLAN: Do you think you'll ever golf again?

MIHAL: I hope so. I love it. You know, I've got -- probably will. I don't know if I can play that course or that hole again. I mean, it's just -- it's so freaky that, you know, we're still amazed. We like -- we can't believe that just happened.


LUS TOUT: Wow. What a golf story there.

Now earlier, Mihal, he went into more detail about his harrowing experience. In fact, he spoke to CNN's starting point.


MIHAL: I was on the fairway. I was on the 14th hole. I had already laid up my second shot in the par 5. I had a couple of buddies down the left side in the trees chipping out and I was just trying to find some yardage for my friend. I noticed an anomaly, a little bath tub shaped depression in the fairway and thought that was probably pretty unfair for golfers to hit one right down the middle and have to maybe just chip out. So I went to look at it. And took one step and then I was gone.

Once I got down there and was able to adjust my eyes to the light, I realized that there was no way out except straight up. And I didn't have the use of my left arm, I dislocated my shoulder at some point in the fall. And so I knew I need a ladder. I didn't know if it would reach, but I knew I wasn't going to be able pull myself out of there by myself.

It was a little traumatic. I went to have an MRI done yesterday and I'm typically not too claustrophobic, but I had a couple of panic attacks. They tried to put me in the machine a couple of times, and I pressed the button to get out of there. It's just -- so it's probably affected me a little bit. I don't know. But I can't wait to get healthy and get back on the course.


LU STOUT: Good luck to him. A sinkhole survivor after just a round of golf. Wow, what a story.

Now these days, it seems, that you are what you like. Now researchers say that they can predict anything from religion to politics, even sexual orientation depending on what you like on Facebook. Max Foster has the story.


MAX FOSTER, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Clicking like on Facebook is something most of us do without thinking. Now a study from the University of Cambridge says the pages you like are as revealing as taking a personality test. In fact, some parts of your identity could be predicted with 95 percent accuracy.

As one of the studies authors told me, it's not always the obvious pages that are revealing.

DAVID STILLWELL, CAMBRIDGE UNIV. PSYCHOMETRICS CENTRE: We can take lots of these sort of small pieces of information, put them all together -- so the average person likes about 160 different things on Facebook. So we can really sort of build up a picture about them based on all of the different things about them.

So with IQ, for example, there was some obvious things like science and Mozart, both of these two are related to higher IQ. But there are also some less obvious things like curly fries, for example, and Morgan Freeman's voice. So there's a Facebook like Morgan Freeman's voice. And people who like for some reason tend to have a higher IQ.

FOSTER: So what might your favorite brands say about you?

Well, if you are a Facebook fan of Honda, that's apparently a good indication that you're a nonsmoker. If you prefer to follow Harley Davidson on Facebook, it can say even more. It is apparently a strong indicator that you're a White American, perhaps some surprisingly for such an iconic American brand. Unfortunately, it's also a good indicator of low intelligence, their words, not ours.

Now the one brand in this study that apparently says the most about you is Hello Kitty. According to the study, if you like their page on Facebook, there's a good chance you vote Democrat. Not only that, when it comes to personality tests, you're probably scoring highly in terms of openness and poorly in terms of emotional stability.

I'm sure their 12 million Facebook fans would have something to say about that.

There's also the question of privacy here, whether Facebook likes can reveal your political leanings or your sexuality. Some people won't like that.

Max Foster, CNN, London.


LU STOUT: So we are what we like.

And that is News Stream. But the news continues at CNN. World Business Today is next.