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CONNECT THE WORLD
Cypriot Banks Reopen Tomorrow With Restrictions; 41-Year-Old Teacher Gunned Down In Pakistan; Pope Francis Rejects Official Papal Residence In Favor Of Smaller Quarters
Aired March 27, 2013 - 17:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
MAX FOSTER, HOST: Tonight, dying for education. A teacher gunned down by the Pakistani Taliban. Her offense: educating girls.
ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN London, this is Connect the World.
FOSTER: Tonight, we speak to former Prime Minister Gordon Brown on ways to stop these ruthless murders. Also ahead, banks in Cyprus will reopen, but with strict controls on cash. A breakdown of what's being planned coming up.
And a 14 year old mauled to death by a pack of dogs. But our guest tonight says the dogs aren't to blame.
In Pakistan, gunmen murder a teacher at a girl's school right in front of her own child. She was on her way to work. The attack happened in the country's Khyber (ph) district not far from the city of Peshawar. Authorities say 18 suspects are in custody. Nic Robertson is covering the killing from CNN Islamabad.
Nic, not the first time an incident like this has happened, but we've got such detail on this. It's a shock not just to Pakistan, but to the world.
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: It really is, Max. And as we've learned the details today it's become even more chilling. Shanaz Nasli (ph), a 41-year-old teacher, she had been teaching for 24 years and she was on her way to a girl's -- all girl's school. And on this rare occasion she'd gone with her young son. He's about 11, 12 years old. And he was the eyewitness to what happened.
He said just as they got off the bus and started walking towards the school, that's when two men approached them on a motorbike from behind. He said they didn't shout a warning, just opened three bursts of gunfire. And he said on that first burst, the first bullet he said, he was covered in his mother's blood. She was shot in the head. She fell to the ground.
Then he said they fired another three shots at her and threatened to turn the gun on him unless he ran away. He came back to his mother really to see what no young boy of his age should ever have to see. His mother was dying. He said that she -- when he got there, she was still just breathing, but she died right there.
And her husband tells us that in the last few years, his wife, the whole family, and other teachers had been moved from one district to Peshawar by the government because of militants in that area, because it was becoming unsafe. And he said he's very angry with the government not protecting his wife at this girl's school, not protecting the girls at the school. And he really wants the government to do more.
People we are talking to very concerned about how this is going to affect teachers in the area, Max.
FOSTER: Are there links to the case of Malala Yousafzai?
ROBERTSON: Well, certainly Malala seems to indicate this -- and this is just in the first person to sign this UN petition calling on Pakistan's president to provide safety and security not just for the school girls, but for the teachers as well, to have their rights to get their education. And this really is an indication that she sees the importance and she sees the connection here. And certainly other people do. The Taliban not just satisfied with gunning down Malala, but now this teacher as well, getting close.
And I asked the -- I asked the former foreign minister here who has just stepped down from government ahead of elections coming up, if the government has really done enough to help children.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
HINA RABBANI KHAR, PAKISTAN'S FORMER FOREIGN MINISTER: The biggest threat that Pakistan faces is from any group which is violent, which uses violence as means to prove their strength or their agenda. I feel that what the previous government was able to do very well was first of all contract, completely, the ideological space for these people to exist. So we said that the fact that there are American troops in Afghanistan or that, you know, Pakistan is assisting the international community in any way is no reason for anyone to be attacking our girls, to be attacking our schools, to be attacking our mosques.
And these people are not really religious groups, these are just criminal elements.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ROBERTSON: So despite what the government is saying, most people here if you ask them really feel that the Taliban are getting more brazen, they're getting bolder. This killing just outside of Peshawar, just across the line into the tribal and the sort of semiautonomous tribal region. But there will be a lot of teachers, female teachers in particular in Peshawar who will be worried about going into school tomorrow. And the school that Shanaz Nasli (ph) was on her way to from what we understand that is just not going to be open tomorrow, Max.
FOSTER: OK, Nic, thank you very much indeed.
Well, let's just remind you about that attack last year on the Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai. Her story captured the attention and hearts of many around the world. Here we see her looking through the heaps of cards she received. The Taliban shot Malala in the head and neck in October because she dared to campaign for girls education.
Her treatment and recovery took months, but she recently returned to school in Birmingham in England.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MALALA YOUSAFZAI, EDUCATION ACTIVIST: I think it is the heaviest moment that I'm going back to my school and today I already held my books, my bag and I would learn, I would talk to my friends, I would talk to my teacher. And I think there's no important day than this day.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
FOSTER: Well, Malala and her father were the first to sign a special petition, the one that Nic was talking about, sparked by this latest attack. It calls on the Pakistani government to ensure the safety of girls and teachers who want to go to school. The initiative has the backing of former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown who is now a UN special envoy for global education. He told CNN earlier about the teacher's murder. And he spoke with CNN's Michael Holmes.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GORDON BROWN, FRM. BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: She's been persecuted simply because she wants to ensure that all girls go to school. And it's this kind of killing and brutal violence that we've got the draw the attention of the world to, because the right of girls to get education is really one of the great civil rights of our generation. And we've got to make sure that teachers are not in fear of going to school. And we must be sure that people's like Malala and her friends are able to get educated.
MICHAEL HOLMES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: You had a petition that is now underway and she I think was the first signatory. Tell me about that petition.
BROWN: Yeah, Malala and her father Ziauddin are the first signatories to a petition that's really calling on the Pakistan government to take all the steps necessary to both ensure that girls can go to school. And there are millions of girls not going to school, but also to ensure the safety and security of the teachers. And that will mean that the security forces have got to protect girls and teachers who want to continue the process of education. We've seen it in Afghanistan. We've seen it in Pakistan. We've seen it in parts of Africa.
I think the world really must be vigilant now that we have got to uphold the rights of girls to get education and to end this form of discrimination which is barbaric and antiquarian and has got not place in the 21st Century.
HOLMES: What is the Pakistan government, the authorities doing to protect these people and perhaps even more importantly change the culture, or the fundamentals that are behind the rationale for such attacks?
BROWN: Yes. When Malala was shot at, I went to Pakistan and we organized a petition and nearly 3 million people around the world signed it. And it did have the effect, the Pakistan government voted for the first time for compulsory free education. They created 3 million stipends for girls. They're now debating during their election campaign increasing investment in education.
But this is also about security and about safety. And it's about using the police and the armed forces to send a message to the Taliban that they can't just burn or close or force out teachers in schools and that the government of Pakistan, but also in Afghanistan and parts of Africa are now determined that all girls will go to school.
And I think what we saw in Pakistan a few months ago after Malala was shot is something that I also expect to see in the next few weeks that the silent majority are not prepared to be silent anymore. They see this as a civil rights issue. They see this as discrimination that has got no place in the modern world. And even if there is an extremist sect trying to persuade people that girls should never go to school, the vast majority of the public are determined that girls can go to school and teachers should be protected.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
FOSTER: Well, a few hours ago, I spoke with gender studies professor Farzana Bari in Islamabad. And asked if this case is going to spark public outrage the way that the attack on Malala did.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
FARZANA BARI, PAKISTANI HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST: I suppose right now in Pakistan while everybody is busy, the government is busy, you know, with this upcoming elections and all that, I think there's very little attention even within the country that what is -- has happened, this woman and what the family is going through.
But I think as for the teaching community, as for the people -- human rights community in Pakistan is concerned, I think we're all feeling very shocked and very angry about the situation.
FOSTER: You've suggested the same solution as the former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown who is particularly involved in this issue, particularly in the western part of the world. That is greater protection for teachers and for young girls trying to attend the schools. He specifically talking about more police, more army soldiers.
But how realistic is that for any country, let alone in these poorer areas. You can't actually resource that, can you?
BARI: Look, although this is correct -- it's a huge country. We are 180 million population. You cannot provide, you know, security. But this trend is not all over Pakistan. I think we must understand this trend and these people -- these non-state actors, these groups are strong in certain pockets, you know. And I think in those pockets, particularly in this northern Pakistan -- and these -- you know, (inaudible) and some of these northern areas, these are pockets, you know, where these people are more powerful. They have taken control, you know. And there is no rule of law in those areas.
I think there the government should take a special...
(END VIDEO CLIP)
FOSTER: Farzana Bari speaking to me from Islamabad.
Now the power of an education can transform a girl's life, but across the world young women are battling just for the right to go to school. It's an issue that CNN is determined to highlight. Let's help us do that. We want to hear your stories.
To take part, just go to iReport.com. Click on the international section. Tell us about the challenges that you or a loved one have faced.
Still to come tonight. Banks prepare to reopen their doors in Cyprus, but it will be far from business as usual.
Cut off: a hotline between North and South Korea is shut down as Pyongyang turns up the heat and the rhetoric on its neighbor. We'll have more on that later in the show.
And Tiger Woods has some frank words of advice for Rory McIlroy. All that and much more when Connect the World continues.
FOSTER: You're watching CNN. This is Connect the World with me Max Foster. Welcome back to you.
Now banks are set to reopen in Cyprus tomorrow morning, but with heavy restrictions to stop savers withdrawing all their cash following the country's bailout deal. A daily withdrawal limit of 300 euros will be introduced. That's around $380. Spending on credit cards abroad will be capped at 5,000 euros per month. And people leaving the country will only be able to take 3,000 euros in cash with them. There will also be a ban on the cashing of checks.
Ivan Watson is in Nicosia. So you're getting the detail now. How is being taken?
IVAN WATSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: I think it's a little to early to see. The real test, Max, will be tomorrow. The banks are supposed to open for the first time in more than 12 days of closures. Banks were supposed to open at 12:00 local time, noon. Preparations are underway -- and this new law, which goes by the name of the, quote, "Enforcement of Temporary Restrictive Measures on Transations in Case of Emergency Decree," well, this is an indicator of how seriously the government is taking the risk that people could have a run on the banks and try to take all their money out on Thursday.
Cypriots are dealing with some pretty serious challenges. First of all, we're coming up close to the first of the month. And that's when in some cases rents are due, when monthly bills are supposed to be paid, when salaries are supposed to be paid. People really need to get access to funds. And that is on top of the big fears that one of the largest banks in the country are effectively being shut down and people are very nervous, understandably, about what will be left in other surviving banks in those accounts that they have.
Now we talked to one of the directors, of one of the private security companies on the island that is mobilizing more than 700 staff and employees and security officers to help bolster security at the branches of various banks. Take a listen to what this gentleman had to say.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JOHN ARGHYROU, MANAGING DIRECTOR, G4S CYRPUS: There will be restrictions as to how much -- as to the amount of money one can withdraw from the branches. So even if someone wants an X amount of money to withdraw he's only entitled to, and can only withdraw a limited amount. So from that perspective we don't see any problems.
Problems may arise if things heated up and, you know, many people gather and they do request greater sums. That is a security issue. And that has to be dealt with by the police.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
WATSON: and just to give you a sense of the scale of the disaster for Cypriots, nearly everyone you talk to compares this banking crisis, this financial crisis that they're facing right now to the 1974 Turkish invasion of the northern third of the island with Turkish forces still there to this day, that is what they're comparing this current crisis to -- Max.
FOSTER: Ivan, thank you very much indeed.
Well, a bomb has exploded inside a house in Athens. Take a listen. The call came into a Greek news room warning about the bomb. Police were called in and arrived at the scene within five minutes. There were no injuries.
To the U.S. now where protesters on opposing sides of the same-sex marriage debate rallied outside the Supreme Court today. Arguments on the constitutionality of the Federal Defense of Marriage Act, also known as DOMA, wrapped up earlier. The law denies benefits to same-sex couples. The court is expected to rule within three months.
Now if you've noticed your computer running slowly today, you're not alone, and it's because of a massive cyber attack apparently underway. CNN's Atika Shubert joins us now.
Exactly how big is it, then?
ATIKA SHUBERT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: It's huge. It's one of the largest attacks ever seen in internet history. Basically, if you can imagine it started with 10 gigabits of data being flooded into a network, that's the equivalent of about 10 DVDs...
FOSTER: When did it start?
SHUBERT: Well, it started in the -- against Spanhaus, which is actually one of these companies that tries to filter spam. And it started here in Europe. And what it did was it flooded their network with information. 10 gigabits is about the equivalent of about 10 DVDs of information hitting your network per second. It got up to 300 gigabits. So if you can imagine 300 DVDs of information per second on your network, that's going to overwhelm it.
So it was so big that in this kind of dispute between two internet entities, it started spilling over into the internet, affecting other sites and affecting the speed of the internet.
FOSTER: And who is behind it. Why was it carried out?
SHUBERT: Well, basically this is a spat between a group called CyberBunker and a number of hackivists and Spamhaus. Spamhaus basically tries to filter out spam. And it had targeted CyberBunker, which is a group that hosts a number of -- anything that's not illegal, it says. And a number of these hackivists got together and decided they did not like Spamhaus and they carried it out. Take a listen to what Sven Olas, who is the spokesperson for this movement had to say.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SVEN OLAF KAMPHUIS, CYBERBUNKER FOUNDER: What you see here is the internet community puking out Spamhaus. It's -- we've had it with the guys. It's absolutely -- most of the people in our group actually own ISPs, most of them in Russia and China and that sort of places. We built the internet. We wrote a lot of internet protocols. And what we see right here is the internet puking out a cancer.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
SHUBERT: So these are hacktivists basically who are angry at Spamhaus. And they decided to launch this attack. But they had no idea that it was going to get so big and affect the rest of the internet.
FOSTER: Can he turn a phrase as well?
Could it happen again?
SHUBERT: Yes, it could happen again, because basically this exploits -- basically a misconfiguration in software. So, so long as hacktivists -- and the thing is it's hard to control once it gets out there. Anybody can join in. So if it gets big enough that it could start basically breaking the internet.
There is a cap in it in the sense once it breaks the internet it can't get any bigger, but you don't ever want to get to that point. So what a lot of analysts are saying is we have to fix that misconfiguration in software so you can prevent these kind of attacks in the future.
FOSTER: Atika, thank you very much indeed. Fascinating stuff.
Now he's already become known for his love of a simple life. And now Pope Francis is giving up the chance to move into a palatial apartment used by his predecessor. Our senior international correspondent Ben Wedeman has more now on a pope determined to stay down to earth.
BEN WEDEMAN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: The day after Francis became pope, he was shown his new official residence. He strolled from room to room and met the staff. In a city where spacious homes are hard to come by, the papal apartment is downright palatial with more than a dozen rooms and a stunning view. But according to reports in the Italian press he said it was too big and that it could accommodate 300 people.
And now it's official, he's not moving in.
Instead, he prefers to stay in room 201, a modest suite at the Casa Santa Marta, the residence where cardinals stay during the conclave.
The furnishings are relatively austere, though hardly monastic. The sitting room does, however, have a mini bar.
Tourist Juan Sarmiento (ph), a fellow Argentinean, is impressed.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think it's excellent that the pope is close to the people and not close to the gold and the rich things.
WEDEMAN: German Christina Bear (ph) has a more practical interpretation.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think it's the climate, because it's very hot in this building. In summer, the sun comes from the south directly on this flat. And I think it will be very warm there.
WEDEMAN: Officials at the Holy See are cautioning don't jump to conclusions.
The Vatican press office has put out a notice saying they want journalists to avoid using language such as "pope abandons pastalic (ph) palace," or "pope turns back on wealth of papal apartments," that he simply wants to be in the Vatican residence where he can be close to people and take advantage of the services available there.
He's chosen to ride the bus when he could have taken his official chauffeur driven car, and paid his own hotel bill after becoming pope. And he's wearing sensible black shoes, not the red ones, in which he's walking away from the trappings of power, if not power itself.
Ben Wedeman, CNN, Rome.
FOSTER: News just coming in to CNN. An American Airlines spokesperson has told CNN Money that a bankruptcy judge has approved the merger between American Airlines and U.S. Airways. It's interesting, because this merger will create the largest airline in the world.
The UN is appealing for more than $41 million to eliminate a severe plague of locusts in Madagascar. Half of the money is needed by June to try to save the country's crop production. About half of Madagascar is infested with each swarm made up of billions of insects.
Live from London, this is Connect the World.
Coming up, it's a well known natural wonder, but much of it remains a mystery. We'll show you how that is changing as our Going Green series continues.
FOSTER: You're watching Connect the World live from London. Welcome back. I'm Max Foster.
Now all this week, CNN is taking you beneath the sea surface. According to one study, half of the coral in the Great Barrier Reef has disappeared over the last three decades. CNN special correspondent Philippe Cousteau is following a group of scientists studying the reef.
PHILIPPE COUSTEAU, CNN SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT: Sure, the coral around One Tree Island was spectacular, but it was the life around the coral that was so startling. Reefs have been called the rainforests of the oceans and for good reason. Here in this remote corner of the Great Barrier Reef, the team recorded an ecosystem imbalance, a complex web of life vulnerable to change.
OVE HOEGH-GULDBERG, CATLIN SEAVIEW SURVEY: When you take the fishes out of the ocean, you take out the gardeners and the pest control officers. So ecosystems like coral reefs undergo fundamental changes.
So, thinking about what we're doing and looking for those ethical and ecological choices in, say, the seafood we eat, for example, is an enormous contribution.
COUSTEAU: Their data will take time to compile. New discoveries will continue to be made. But the team says there are things people can do right now to help preserve ecosystems like the reef around One Tree. For them, this expedition is as much about awareness as it is about the research.
This isn't science as usual.
There's no arguing that there's a tremendous gap between scientific knowledge and public knowledge. How did you decide on the model of the Catlin Seaview Survey to try and challenge that status quo?
HOEGH-GULDBERG: Well, I think you're exactly right. There's amazing scientific work being done, but it's being read by about up to sort of 100 people rather than the world. And we wanted to bridge this gap, well we need to bridge this gap between scientific awareness and public understanding, because there's no point in doing the science if it's not being communicated, because if it's not being communicated, you don't get the support for action. And that's why the science is there to do in the first place to say what needs to be done.
FOSTER: All this week we'll be bringing you more on Philippe's unique perspective on how planet change is impacting the world's coral reefs and all of us as well.
And you can also catch a special CNN program Going Green: Oceans. That's this Friday at 3:30 p.m. in London, 7:30 p.m. in Abu Dhabi right here on CNN.
The latest world news headlines just ahead. Plus, new warnings on the Korean Peninsula. We'll bring you the details from Seoul.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Very popular and loved the music and dancing.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
FOSTER: Tributes pour in for a teenager killed in a vicious dog attack. Is legislation in the UK and around the world doing enough to protect people? That discussion coming up.
Plus, FIFA is investigating Uruguay's Luis Suarez after an altercation during a match with Chile. CNN's World Sport has the latest.
FOSTER: This is CONNECT THE WORLD. The top stories this hour. In just a matter of hours, banks in Cyprus are set to reopen their doors after being closed for nearly two weeks. Customers will find some strict restrictions on bank accounts. The government is hoping capital controls will help curb what's expected to be a flood of withdrawals.
UN special envoy for education is pressing Pakistan to do more to protect women and girls after a teacher was killed. Shahnaz Nazli was gunned down as she and her son walked to the girls' school where she taught.
Syrian president Bashar al-Assad has reportedly sent a letter to the leaders of the BRICS nations asking for help. He wants South Africa, Russia, Brazil, and India and China to help start a dialogue and to stop the flow of money and weapons to the opposition.
Protesters on opposing sides of the same-sex marriage debate rally outside the US Supreme Court. Oral arguments in the case involving the federal Defense of Marriage Act, also known as DOMA, wrapped up early.
There's been yet more saber-rattling from North Korea. This time, it's cutting off a key military hotline between Pyongyang and Seoul. North Korean officials have also warned that war may break out at any moment with the South. Matthew Chance is in South Korea and has this update.
MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: There aren't too many opportunities for the two sides to communicate, so a key military hotline being cut off is somewhat worrying. The hotline is used to facilitate travel of South Korean workers to a joint industrial zone seen as an important point of cooperation between North and South Korea.
Pyongyang says it's severed the contact because it believes war in this region is imminent. Its course only the latest in a series of moves that have heightened tensions on the Korean peninsula. Pyongyang has been angered by fresh UN sanctions following its nuclear test last month and ongoing US-South Korean military exercises.
Earlier, the regime ordered its artillery and rocket units into a combat posture to prepare to target US bases in Hawaii, Guam and the US mainland. And of course, in recent days, it's also threatened a preemptive nuclear strike against the United States.
Matthew Chance, CNN, in Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea.
FOSTER: Well, there are several hotlines between North and South Korea. The North previously cut off this same hotline in 2009, but then reinstated it a year later.
Earlier this month, officials in Seoul reported that the North had severed a humanitarian hotline that ran through a border village. The same day, the Communist state announced it was scrapping the 1953 armistice that ended the war between the two Koreas.
So, is Pyongyang just ramping up the rhetoric, or is it a ploy to force the South and the US into negotiations. Let's bring in former US ambassador to the UN, Bill Richardson, who traveled to North Korea in January this year. He joins me now from Santa Fe in New Mexico.
It's so hard to fully understand what's coming out of North Korea, but it's a country that you know relatively well. Are you able to place this latest rhetoric?
BILL RICHARDSON, FORMER US AMBASSADOR TO THE UN: Well, it's the most intense that I've ever seen, the rhetoric, the threats, the bluster. Many times, the North Koreans use this rhetoric to get negotiating advantage, but this time, I think it's a little different. It has something to do with the new leadership in North Korea.
We don't know who's in charge. The young new leader, I believe, is in charge, but the issue is, who's influencing him? Is it the hardliners, the North Korean military? Some members of his family that are hardline?
The big danger her is the uncertainty. Hopefully, cooler heads will prevail. The good news is this is just talk. It's not as bad as it was, say, two years ago when the North Koreans shelled the South Korean island and some of the ships. But still, it's a very, very tense period.
FOSTER: Doesn't it mean that America has to have some sort of strategy in case there is an attack?
RICHARDSON: Well, yes. And I believe America's preparing and pursuing the right strategy, shifting the interceptors, the missile interceptors away from a Russian threat to a potential North Korea threat. I think it's appropriate to have the exercises with the South Korean military. Our commitment is to South Korea and Japan.
And then lastly, those sanctions at the United Nations, they were deserved, I believe, because North Korea launched the missile, they had an underground nuclear test.
What is needed is a dialogue, some kind of out-of-the-box diplomacy, some kind of UN special envoy, something that will talk to the North Korean leadership. Because we know very little about them. I was there, I've been there many times, but it's uncertain who's calling the shots there. And that's the problem.
FOSTER: Is there any chance that America may decide to preempt a North Korean attack?
RICHARDSON: Well, I'm not an insider. I'm a supporter of the president, but I don't know the latest developments. I don't think a preemptive attack right now is the right course of action. What I think is needed is diplomacy, negotiation.
And this is something that's not just up to the United States. I think China can play a stronger role, because they have leverage over the North Koreans. I think South Korea is in a great position with a new president to maybe start a dialogue, a humanitarian dialogue. But I think some quick diplomacy is needed because things are getting out of hand.
FOSTER: Why not just call off these exercises with South Korea?
RICHARDSON: Because they're part of our treaty obligations with South Korea, and I do think the North Koreans, their rhetoric, their threats for the missiles, I think that some kind of response is warranted, but coupled with that response and what we've done at the UN, I think there has to be dialogue, diplomacy.
It doesn't have to be the US. It can be something new and different. Perhaps the United Nations, the UN Security Council can ask the secretary- general, who's a South Korean. The World Bank president, who's a South Korean-American. Some kind of envoy, some kind of out-of-the-box diplomacy that might cool things down.
FOSTER: And just on these hotlines, people are fascinated by this idea of hotlines, but how many are there, and at what point do they cut off dialogue completely?
RICHARDON: Well, those hotlines are important, although many of them have become symbolic, because you can still communicate. I think they're more part of the North Korean bluster.
But you do want to have the two militaries talking to each other, and the United States involved in those talks in case of an unwarranted attack or some kind of mishap. Sometimes the biggest problems are mistakes by some of the military, wrong calibration of violence. So, you want to have them.
But the -- I've never seen the North Korean rhetoric intensity as strong as it is. I've been working with the North Koreans for a long time. This is what bothers me. China, I think, is the key player here. They need to do more to tone down this rhetoric, and they need to use their leverage and their strength with North Korea.
I would say that's the most immediate diplomatic step. But then again, some kind of negotiation is needed.
FOSTER: And are there lots of negotiations between the US and China? Because as you say, that is the way in to influence North Korea. What sort of debates are going on there, and is it causing any sort of pressure between the bilateral relationship between China and the US?
RICHARDSON: Well, China did work with the United States in drafting the new sanctions at the United Nations that were pretty tough sanctions that contained sanctions relating to banking, to some of the regime in North Korea's resources and travel.
So, China has started to lose patience. However, recently China said that these exercises with South Korea and the US weren't helpful. So, they have to, I think, take a more stronger position of diplomacy.
I think the worst thing we can do is talk about military action and airstrikes and preemption. I think what is needed is diplomacy, and of all the players right now, China is probably best positioned to tone things down.
FOSTER: Bill Richardson, thank you very much, indeed, for your time today.
You're watching CONNECT THE WORLD live from London. Coming up, a heartbreaking story for one British family.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JAYNE FEARICK, FAMILY FRIEND OF DOG ATTACK VICTIM: She loved dogs. She really did love dogs.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
FOSTER: The teenager who's love cost her her life. That's straight after this short break.
FOSTER: A shocking attack is highlighting the controversial issue of dangerous dogs here in the UK. Tributes are being paid to a teenager who died after a pack of dogs attacked her inside her home in northern England. Richard Pallot has the story.
RICHARD PALLOT, ITV NEWS CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Jade Anderson headed around to a friend's house, carrying lunch. It cost the teenager her life.
PALLOT: The brutality of the attack near impossible to take in, especially from animals she felt so comfortable with.
FEARICK: She loved dogs. She loved dogs. She really did love dogs.
PALLOT (on camera): And how are her family, do you know?
FEARICK: All I know, basically through friends, is that they're just so upset. So upset.
PALLOT (voice-over): This was the moment armed officers shot dead the out-of-control dogs.
PALLOT: The audio recorded by a neighbor.
DANIEL SPEAKMAN, NEIGHBOR: And the mum called, obviously devastated. She called mum saying "I want to see your daughter." She just collapsed to the floor and spring tears.
PALLOT: At the school that Jade joined only last summer, her head teacher paid tribute.
JAN GARRETTS, TEACHER: Jade was a very lively girl, very popular, and loved music and dancing, threw herself into headlong with high school and was a regular with her after school dancing club.
On Friday, which turned out to be her last day in school, she was given a progress report and was told how well she was doing since she's arrived here.
PALLOT: The Dangerous Dogs Act already bans the ownership of certain breeds, while others must be muzzled in public. The animals involved here are believed to be too Staffordshire bull terriers and two mastiffs. The government say the tragedy will speed up a change in the law for England and Wales.
ANNE MCINTOSH, BRITISH PARLIAMENT MEMBER: What we're looking at here is equating the law so if the offense takes place, as in this tragedy, on private property, it should have the full effects of the law as if it happened in a public place.
PALLOT: The police say their investigation will be painstaking, but with no apparent witnesses to the attack, the family of the 14-year-old may struggle to ever find out exactly what happened and why.
Richard Pallot, ITV News.
FOSTER: Here's a look at the law here in the UK. Four types of dogs are banned under the Dangerous Dogs Act, including the pit bull terrier, seen here. The one suspected being involved in Tuesday's tragedy, the Staffordshire bull terrier, seen here, and the bull mastiff are legal. It's an offense here for an owner to be allowed -- or to allow any dog to be dangerously out of control.
According to the UK government, seven people, including five children, have been killed by dogs in homes since 2007. Roger Mugford is an animal psychologist. Thank you for joining us.
ROGER MUGFORD, ANIMAL PSYCHOLOGIST: Thank you.
FOSTER: You've got a couple of bits of kit here, which are used with dangerous dogs, right?
MUGFORD: Simple training procedures, a carrot and a stick.
MUGFORD: Treats make dogs work hard and be rewarded for doing the right thing, and an interruption device, a spray corrector, pet corrector, to interrupt unwanted behavior. That's not to say that in this case with a determined attack from four, possibly five dogs upon somebody walking into their home, a stranger, an outsider --
FOSTER: She wouldn't have a chance, given that --
MUGFORD: She wouldn't have had a chance. Very little would have defended her from these five dogs.
FOSTER: Is the fact that they were a pack living in a relatively small place something to do with it?
MUGFORD: I'm sure so, yes. Many of the reports of fatal attacks upon people occur in exactly that situation, someone jumps over a wall into a garden where there were two or more dogs, and they function as a cooperative pack.
FOSTER: But they clearly were living happily in a pack for some time, so do you blame owners for having dogs like that in groups?
MUGFORD: I blame owners for having dogs in a very small property, because a bull mastiff weighs 60 kilos, 150 pounds. So, they're enormous dogs, and they need a lot of exercise, a lot of space. They're bread to -- for gamekeepers to chase off poachers on a country estate.
And equally, Staffordshire bull terriers need a lot of management and a lot of human contact. And with five of them in a very small property, they couldn't have had a satisfactory husbandry.
FOSTER: So, are you blaming the dogs or the owners in a situation like this, not specifically that one.
MUGFORD: Never the dogs because it has to be a responsibility for owners to provide adequate training, security, and a decent life for dogs.
FOSTER: So, the law clearly needs to be tougher on them?
MUGFORD: Unfortunately, you can't deal with all aspects of failings of human relations by the law. We have pretty strict laws in the United Kingdom. Many other countries also have strict laws. Still, these incidents occur.
I have to say, overall, the hazard from dogs is not as great as the hazards from many other dangers that exist in the home and, of course, from people. Very few people are mortally injured by dogs. Every case -- and this one is a particular tragedy. But we can exaggerate the danger of dogs.
FOSTER: We're just going to look at the laws in place in other countries to put it in a bit of context. Britain's known as a dog-loving nation, isn't it? But in France, you cannot import certain breeds without a pedigree, including pit bulls and Staffordshire terriers.
In Belgium, following a number of attacks, there are moves to outlaw some fighting breeds. Pit bulls are typically forbidden entry into the country.
Australia's states have individual laws. In south Australia, for example, certain breeds must be desexed muzzled in public.
The problem is, when a situation like this happens, there's only sympathy for the victim, and any sort of defense of the dogs doesn't feel credible. But if you look at the stats, you'd probably argue that they weren't that bad over time.
MUGFORD: They weren't, and they're not focused particularly on breeds. There's a fashion to go for bull breeds and pit bulls in particular, and as you mentioned, in many countries, there's what's called breed-specific or BSL legislation. But it really is -- it's not logical any more than would be race-specific legislation in relation to humans.
FOSTER: And it wouldn't have affected this anyway, because these weren't regarded as dangerous dogs.
MUGFORD: And these -- were not. What matters is that the way in which animals are bred, how they're raised, and how they're kept, and the training that they're given and the control that they're given.
And simple matters like dangerous dogs should be given a muzzle in public places is a much more effective deterrent than any amount of lawmaking.
FOSTER: Yes, but you're not going to get people going into large estates, who's going to resource the training of people and --
MUGFORD: The -- we -- to move into a situation where in a democratic country we limit the opportunity for people to keep this or that breed of dog as a pet would smack, really, of an over-controlling government. And we're not in that situation in the UK yet.
And there are moves to make the criminal legislation, which the UK has and which is shared with other countries, move that from offenses committed in public places, like parks or streets, to private places in the home, as in this case, would be lamentable.
We already have what's called public liability or by -- so, as a householder, you're liable for any injury or damage caused to a visitor to your home. We have that. We have civil remedies, and that should be enough. Criminal legislation should be -- directed at people who wantonly and intentionally allow the dogs to cause damage and fear and, ultimately, injury to other people.
FOSTER: Roger Mugford, thank you very much, indeed. We want to know what you think about dangerous dogs. Should it be down to legislation or owners or both? Do you think the laws in your country are good enough? Have your say on the discussion at our Facebook page, facebook.com/CNNconnect. And you can tweet the show, CNN -- @CNNconnect.
Coming up after a short break on CONNECT THE WORLD, all the latest sports news, plus digital dashboards. We check out cars and connectivity at the New York Auto Show straight ahead.
FOSTER: Digital dashboards are taking this year's New York Auto Show by storm. Car-makers are responding to consumer demands to keep connected behind the wheel. Maggie Lake takes a look at the latest technologies.
MAGGIE LAKE, CNN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: Way back when, when people were shopping for cars, they used to give the tires a good kick, check under the hood. They still do that sometimes, but now they're also asking, how connected is my car?
I'm here with Aamir Ahmed from Uconnect, the technology arm of Chrysler. And Aamir, just how high-tech are these cars now?
AAMIR AHMED, UCONNECT: These cars are extremely high-tech now. In this vehicle right here, which is a Dodge Dart, we actually have some of our highest-end systems. So, within the instrument cluster, we have a 7- inch TFT LTD screen. And we also have an 8.4-inch radio screen as part of our Uconnect radio.
LAKE: And what does this do? I'm seeing a picture of a car with numbers.
AHMED: Yes, so basically what that is, is it's controlled right here through this steering wheel, and what you can do is actually cycle through and see what's going on with your vehicle. So, right here, it'll show you your tire pressure. And as you can see, we need to inflate three of the tires.
And what's great about this is in the past you suggest have this little telltale that was a tire with an exclamation mark.
LAKE: Tag symbol, right?
AHMED: Right. And you had no idea what that meant, you had no idea what tire it was, you had to go through and check each one. Now you can see which tire's down and what level to inflate it to as well.
You can see other things as well. We've got really rich and graphic representations of your fuel economy. We've got some of this flower here that''ll build, if you will, depending on your driving habits, to let you know in real time how you are driving.
LAKE: Yes. It's much more visual. What are customers looking for from technology in a car?
AHMED: They're looking for it to adapt to them. So, if we put technology in the car that customers really have to spend time learning how to use it, it's obviously going to alienate them from the technology and we find out that they probably won't use it. So, we can put all this technology in it, but if they won't use it, it does us no good.
So, these systems are built so that the customers can use them in the way that they want to. And in doing so, that means you're more focused on the driving.
LAKE: So, that means I don't have to put you on my contact list so if I have a problem --
AHMED: No, absolutely not.
LAKE: And there's no reboot button.
AHMED: No. No. That's what we try to do at Uconnect, is design systems that are really simple to use.
LAKE: Technology is definitely a very big theme here at the New York Auto Show, but let's face it, sometimes, it's about the little conveniences. This is a feature that's getting a lot of buzz. Check this out.
In the Honda Odyssey, a built-in vacuum cleaner at the back. You just pull it out, and if your car looks like this -- and mine does --
(VACUUM STARTING UP)
LAKE: -- you can just vacuum up the mess, voila! How great is that? As you can see --
LAKE: -- a little bit for everybody here at the New York Auto Show.
Maggie Lake, CNN.
FOSTER: Luis Suarez is no stranger to controversy, and the Uruguayan striker might soon be in trouble with the authorities again. Don Riddell is here to tell us why. What did he do this time, then, Don?
DON RIDDELL, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Hey, Max. Well, tell you what? If he is in trouble, then it will be at exactly the wrong time for Uruguay, because they're really struggling in their qualification campaign for the next World Cup.
Remember, this is a team that made it to the semifinals of the last World Cup in South Africa in 2010. But on this occasion last night against Chile, a game in which they lost by two goals to nil, a video clip shows Suarez appearing to punch Gonzalo Jara in the face.
Now, the referee missed it. It just happens that Suarez was booked later in the game, and so he will be suspended for the next qualifier. But if the football's world governing body, FIFA, takes a look at it, they could actually ban him for much more than just that one game, which would be a real problem for Uruguay.
FOSTER: Don, also, a former French footballer causing a stir of his own. What happened there?
RIDDELL: Yes. Football is the beautiful game, it's a game for everyone. Men play it, women play it, we're all allowed to have opinions on it. But the former Lyon player Bernard Lacombe was on a chat show -- radio, a phone-in show in France earlier this week.
And the topic was Karim Benzema, the French striker who's on a bit of a barren patch at the moment, and one of the callers made a comment about this, she was critical of Benzema. And Lacombe had this to say, I'm going to read you the quote, it really is quite incredible.
He said, "I don't talk about football with women. They should look after their pots and pans, that would be better."
Lacombe has since apologized, but clearly his comments were offensive and completely out of place, when you consider that the Lyon women's football team right now have won the Champions League twice and they're also on course to win the French domestic title for a seventh consecutive season. So, Lyon not the place to be critical of women footballers or female football fans.
FOSTER: It's as if they don't need to respond, isn't it?
FOSTER: Also, in the world of golf, Tiger Woods with some choice words for Rory McIlroy.
RIDDELL: Well, you know what? You say "choice words," you make it sound like he was being critical. It was merely some words of encouragement. You'll know that Tiger Woods recently returned to the top of the world rankings at the expense of Rory McIlroy.
They're both now preparing for the first Major tournament of the year, the Masters, which starts in two weeks' time. And these two are good mates, they're good rivals. McIlroy got in touch with Tiger to congratulate him on his recent success, and he's about to tell us what Tiger said in response.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
RORY MCILROY, WILL REGAIN NUMBER ONE RANK WITH HOUSTON WIN: I hadn't spoken to him in a couple of weeks, so I just congratulated him on the -- everything with Lindsey and stuff as well, and he said everything was good there. So, it was good. He told me to get my finger out of my (expletive deleted) and win this weekend.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
RIDDELL: A bit of an over share from McIlroy there, but you get the gist. Tiger basically wants McIlroy to improve his game because he's a great player, but he's been struggling at the start of this season. I think Tiger wants a good rivalry to get his teeth into, and he needs McIlroy to be playing well for that to happen.
FOSTER: Good stuff. Don, thank you very much, indeed.
In tonight's Parting Shots, Monaco is already known for its glitz and its glamour, and it will soon have something else to brag about as well. The Odeon Tower is a new development under construction with a five-story penthouse that has a private water slide and infinity pool. It doesn't yet have a price tag, but word on the street is it could be the world's most expensive penthouse apartment.
The apartment block itself will stand 170 meters tall and will be home to 70 other luxury apartments and two sky duplexes. Building on the project will be completed next year, and it's anyone's guess who will snuff up that penthouse. Everyone's talking about it, but clearly you'll need a lot of cash. They're probably talking hundreds of millions of dollars. Unbelievable.
I'm Max Foster, that was CONNECT THE WORLD. Thank you for watching.