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World Autism Awareness Day; Peru May Bring Back Draft; "Iron Man" Made for China

Aired April 2, 2013 - 12:30   ET


SUZANNE MALVEAUX, CO-ANCHOR, "CNN AROUND THE WORLD": Welcome back to AROUND THE WORLD. Here are some of the top stories we're following now.

In Pakistan, militants have destroyed a major power plant in Peshawar.

MICHAEL HOLMES, CO-ANCHOR, "CNN AROUND THE WORLD": At least seven people were killed in the incident and, with elections a month away, this attack perhaps a reminder of the country's security failures.

No one claiming responsibility yet, but the area is known to be a base for Taliban insurgents.

MALVEAUX: The Palestinian movement Hamas has re-elected this man, Khaled Mashal, as its leader. Hamas is the group that governs Gaza.

Mashal was re-elected as chairman of Hamas' political wing. That happened on Monday in Cairo. He runs Hamas from exile, but returned briefly to Gaza just last December to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the group.

HOLMES: In Europe, a grim milestone, check out this unemployment rate, 12 percent, the highest it has ever been since 17 members of the European Union agreed to use one currency, the euro, of course, back in 1999.

MALVEAUX: Here in the United States, unemployment about 7.7 percent, significantly lower. But Europe is struggling with a recession. So many companies are forced to cut back just to save some money.

HOLMES: Twelve percent, that's the overall one, too.

Today, landmarks around the world are shining a light, quite literally, on autism. Check out Australia there.

MALVEAUX: The city Opera House, lit up in blue there to mark World Autism Day.

Now blue is the color that is associated with the disorder. According to the group, Autism Speaks, about 67 million people worldwide are affected by some form of autism.

HOLMES: It includes a range of disorders that affect a person's ability to communicate and develop social relationships. Let's talk about Australia for a moment. An estimated one-in-110 people are affected there. South Korea, a study funded by Autism Speaks found one-in-38 children affected.


In the United States, Centers for Disease Control says autism affects one-in-88 children.

Our Dr. Sanjay Gupta has got the story of three mothers now. They are fighting get insurance companies just to help their children as well as many others.

HOLMES: Exactly.


DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CHIEF MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: They're fighting for a bill. It's called Ava's Law.

This is Ava. And this is her mom, Anna. They're at the state capitol in Atlanta.

ANNA BULLARD, AUTISM ACTIVIST: I met a mom whose daughter was diagnosed two months ago.

MEGG ANDRADE: If it could be voted on ...

GUPTA: This is Megg Andrade and Melissa Solares. Her son, Arturo, was diagnosed with autism a little over a year ago on his fourth birthday.

MELISSA SOLARES, SON HAS AUTISM: I think we started to notice differences in him as early as nine-months-old.

Say mama.

GUPTA: By age four, he wasn't even potty trained. And he was barely able to speak.

SOLARES: He wouldn't walk by himself. I either had to carry him or put him in the stroller.

He wouldn't eat by himself. I had to feed him. And if I didn't feed him he wouldn't eat.

His main method of communication was just screaming and pointing.

GUPTA: The official diagnosis was terrifying.

SOLARES: You want him to have this fulfilling life and then in one moment all of that gets just robbed from you.

GUPTA: That was the nightmare, but today, a year later, Arturo speaks in full sentences. And he goes to a regular pre-school.

SOLARES: Look at my finger.

GUPTA: The key, Melissa says, is intense therapy, behavioral therapy.

SOLARES: what world is it? You get two tokens for that. That is awesome.

GUPTA: She does hours of this each day. She's also training a new therapist. And there are two weekly visits from a more experienced behavior coach, and a monthly visit from the program director

It adds up. Last year Solares and her husband spent $115,000, all of it out of pocket.

Melissa, Megg, and Anna, they're pushing a law to require private insurers to pay for evidence-based treatment. Self-funded plans would be exempt. The sticking point is cost.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Because he was a true friend and he ...

GUPTA: Even a group setting, like this specialized classroom at the Emory Autism Center, can be prohibitive.

DR. MICHAEL MORRIER, EMORY AUTISM CENTER: Our most expensive classroom is about $26,000 a year.

Most treatment, the intensity that they're receiving here, costs between $40,000 and $80,000 a year.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Do you know what shape your (inaudible) is?

GUPTA: Those kinds of numbers are a big concern for the insurance industry which says other customers will end up paying the price.

SUSAN PISANO, AMERICA'S HEALTH INSURANCE PLANS: The cost of the mandated benefits has driven coverage to a point where a lot of employers can no longer afford to purchase it.

GUPTA: But the group Autism Speaks, they helped draft Ava's Law, says that in states with similar laws, autism treatment pushed up premiums less than $4 a year.

JUDITH URSITTI, AUTISM SPEAKS: The states that had this for a while, like Texas and South Carolina, Indiana, no one's losing their health insurance. The sky has not fallen. There's no indication of that at all.

GUPTA: Ava's Law did get a hearing. But no vote.

SOLARES: He's been in a year, and we've liquidated our entire emergency fund. Basically all of our savings is gone. It's gone. And we've gone into debt for it.

We can't afford to live in Georgia for much longer.

GUPTA: Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN, Atlanta.


MALVEAUX: A very moving story.

HOLMES: Amazing in some ways that it's not covered, as a diagnosed illness, by insurance companies. Send you broke pretty quick, that's for sure.

MALVEAUX: A lot of families.


MALVEAUX: Peru trying to solve its troop shortage with a draft. That means that everybody has to join up unless, of course, they've got money to pay to get out of that. Can you believe that?

HOLMES: (Inaudible). We'll have a look at draft dodging, Peru-style, next.


HOLMES: Welcome back.

In Peru, the military's saying it desperately needs to beef up its ranks, so it's threatening to bring back the draft if it doesn't get enough new volunteers.

MALVEAUX: And the critics are saying it's going to be something else because this is essentially a draft for the country's poor.

Rafael Romo explains why.


RAFAEL ROMO, SENIOR LATIN AFFAIRS EDITOR: Be all you can be, South American-style.

Peru is calling on its young to serve in the armed forces, but most are not heeding the call.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (via translator): Military service should be something you have a calling for. I don't believe I have that calling.

ROMO: Plans are well under way to reinstate the draft by May, for the first time in a decade.

The draft has been controversial enough without another aspect of the heated debate, paying to avoid serving.

Those called up and do not want to serve can pay a fine of about $715.

Peruvian president, Ollanta Humala, a former military officer, is strongly backing the plan.

But critics say, this essentially amounts to a draft of the poor. GISELLA VIGNOLO, PERUVIAN GOVERNMENT OMBUDSMAN (via translator): Different kinds of drafts work in other countries. In our country, in our reality, the draft didn't work.

We had many cases of desertion, death, abuses and problematic cases, and that's the reason the state decided our system should be closer to a voluntary system.

ROMO: Nearly a third of Peru's population lives below the poverty line. Paying the $715 fine would take somebody making minimum wage of $290 a month about two-and-a-half months, assuming there are no expenses.

An editorial in the "El Comercial" (ph) newspaper last week called the new policy discrimination against those who have the least.

Daniel Mora's a former minister of defense. He says, instead of reinstating the draft, the government should make a career in the armed forces more appealing by offering better benefits.

DANIEL MORA, FORMER PERUVIAN DEFENSE MINISTER (via translator): There should be a voluntary military service that is more attractive to recruits. I'm talking about payment of anywhere from $200 to $300 a month.


HOLMES: Rafael Romo joining us talk a bit about this.

And we were chatting during your piece, which we have had seen before, so we do know what's in it.

What's wrong with a voluntary military? And, also, Suzanne was saying, very interestingly, too, what's Peru worried about? Why do they need a big old army?

ROMO: The bottom line here is that Peru is having serious issues trying to recruit a decent number of recruits. People don't want to serve anymore, and so they say, if we don't come up with numbers by May, we're going to have to do this mandatory.

But then $715? Just think about it. People make $290 a month. That's the minimum wage. And so it would be two-and-a-half months before they can come up with that money and that's assuming that they have no other expenses.

So the main complaint here is that it's a way for the government to say, we want the poor to serve in the military and exempt the rich.

MALVEAUX: So is there a big threat here in Peru? Why do they need to feel like they boost up the military? Is that important?

ROMO: Not necessarily a big threat, although there are still remnants of the Marxist guerrillas known as The Shining Path.

From time to time, there are territorial disagreements with Ecuador, but there's no chance that they're going to go over war over that.

But the reality is that they don't even have decent numbers for a modest-sized army, and so they need to do something and they need to do it quick.

HOLMES: Interesting.

MALVEAUX: All right, thank you, Rafi.

ROMO: Thank you.

MALVEAUX: Appreciate it.

Plot changes, deleted scenes and new characters even, all making this American movie appeal to a Chinese audience.

HOLMES: Yeah, we're going to show you "Iron Man 3's" transformation when we come back.


MALVEAUX: One of the most anticipated movies over the summer, "Iron Man 3."

HOLMES: Yes, big franchise. Big moneymaker.


HOLMES: We haven't seen them, but they're big moneymakers. The movies you see in theaters this summer, though, it's not going to be the same one shown halfway around the world in Chinese theaters.

MALVEAUX: So our own Jake Tapper shows how, if you actually want to sell a movie to the world, sometimes you've got to make a little change.


JAKE TAPPER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): "Iron Man 3," Hollywood's superhero based on the Marvel comic book.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: What are you going to do about these attacks?

TAPPER: Malibu mansion.


TAPPER: Air Force One. It's as American as it gets. But this blockbuster is tweaking its tone to appeal to Chinese audiences, too. They're making a second version just for them. China is now the world's second largest movie market behind the us, passing Japan last year, with nearly $3 billion in box office revenue. And Hollywood is taking notice, relying on experts like Rob Cain for guidance.

ROBERT CAIN, PRESIDENT, PACIFIC BRIDGE PICTURES: I really encourage filmmakers here in Hollywood and in the rest of the United States to think about China and to really go after it. It's such a big, growing market that if all you did was make movies for the Chinese audience, you could do very well in the next few years.

TAPPER: According to Marvel, the Chinese version of "Iron Man 3" will include new footage featuring one of China's top actresses, Fan Bingbing, and they'll put a larger emphasis on Chinese elements in the film. Make no mistake, the process of tailoring for international crowds can be daunting.

CAIN: There's censorship and there's also checks for suitability for the Chinese market. They're very sensitive about things like political stories, crime. They want to make China look good on film.

TAPPER: But studios see dollar signs in the differences. In "Red Dawn," released last year, this invading army was originally Chinese.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We are not your enemies.

TAPPER: But the enemy was later changed, frame by frame, to be North Korean. This Chinatown battle scene from "Men In Black 3" was cut entirely from the version released in China.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What is going on?

TAPPER: Even Brad Pitt's upcoming zombie thriller, "World War Z," had to tailor its script to fit. At first, the film's undead epidemic originated in China. But that plot point had to be changed because, as we all know now, China is actually where American blockbusters are coming back to life.

TAPPER (on camera): You can catch "Iron Man 3" in theaters on May 3rd.

Jake Tapper, CNN, Washington.


MALVEAUX: All right. I guess we'll go see it.

HOLMES: We'll have to go see it.

MALVEAUX: We'll check it out.

HOLMES: Catch up on the other two first.


HOLMES: All right. Yes, OK.

Superstar in soccer, David Beckham, he's going to talk to CNN next.

MALVEAUX: And, of course he's talking about things like being a parent, why he lets his kids, he says, do 99 percent of what they want to do. Not in my family.

HOLMES: I find it -- not mine either. I wonder if Posh lets them though, you know? MALVEAUX: Oh, yes. No way.


MALVEAUX: Japanese airline ANA is training its pilots to resume flying Boeing's Dreamliner jets. Just in a couple of months or so this is supposed to happen.

HOLMES: Yes, this comes after those batteries, remember that, overheating on an ANA Dreamliner back in January. They also, actually, overheated on a Japan Airlines jet.

MALVEAUX: Well, all 50 Dreamliners were grounded. Now, Boeing is more than halfway through the test to get the new battery system actually certified. It hopes to begin flights again in just a couple of weeks.

HOLMES: Now, as with many sports, soccer has had its issues when it comes to scoring. Did the ball cross the line? Was the ref wrong? Well, of course the ref was wrong sometimes. Well, relax, sports fans, world soccer's governing body says it's going to use goal line technology for the World Cup in Brazil next year. Thank goodness I hear soccer fans saying.

MALVEAUX: Yes. It comes after years of debate over the use of technology like cameras, sensors to verify these calls that are made by the refs, because you know fans get angry if they make the wrong call.

HOLMES: And there have been -- oh, there have been some massively controversial ones where the ball has crossed over, it hasn't crosses over in big, important game. So a lot of football fans, or soccer fans, around the world are going to be very happy about it.

MALVEAUX: A little technology.

HOLMES: They're going to put little sensors in the ball and it will register when its gone -- all that good stuff.

MALVEAUX: All that good stuff.

HOLMES: It's a good thing.

MALVEAUX: We're going to have -- I'll have to follow.

HOLMES: Yes, you should.

MALVEAUX: OK. And, of course, speaking of soccer, I like this, David Beckham.

HOLMES: Yes. You like David Beckham.

MALVEAUX: I do. Balancing his career, parenting, traveling, all, you know, playing soccer, the whole bit. The 37-year-old superstar sat down with Pedro Pinto, let in on what it's like to leave L.A. for Paris now.

HOLMES: Oh, yes, tough, isn't it? Please say that it is.


PEDRO PINTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: What do you think people want from you all the time? Because no matter how long you go in your career, the attention doesn't stop.

DAVID BECKHAM, SOCCER PLAYER: Yes. No, you know, I've had the attention almost everywhere I've played or everywhere I've gone or everywhere I've lived. And that's it. You know, the attention I've got used to. There's other things that come with me and that come with me coming to a club, like you said. But I think the thing that people always look at is the professionalism.

PINTO: You mentioned your family. And I believe they're in London. You're here in Paris. You go back and forth all the time. How is it being back in Europe and being so close to London again?

BECKHAM: I mean when you speak about sacrifices, that's obviously the sacrifice that I have to make as a father and as a husband, you know, being away from my family. You know, it's only for a short time, but it's difficult being away from the children, you know? Being away from the children every single day. But, you know, they understand it. They understand that daddy works hard.

PINTO: Has it been a challenge sometimes trying to explain to your kids how famous you are, how their life is not like other kids' life, how there are certain things that they just can't do and --

BECKHAM: I mean -- yeah. I mean, you know, my oldest now is at the age where he kind of wants to do things and wants to go places and you kind have to -- you have to hold him back or we have to hold him back because you have to kind of explain it to him that there are certain thing that he can't do. But, to be honest, with our children, we let them do 99 percent of the things that they want to do, because we want them to lead a normal life.


HOLMES: Yes, I'm not sure --

MALVEAUX: Normal, huh?

HOLMES: Yes, I'm not sure Posh would (INAUDIBLE).

MALVEAUX: I didn't get away -- I didn't get away with 99 percent.

HOLMES: Me neither. Clip behind the ear if you misbehaved when I grew up. He was actually asked whether he would ever play for a team from England again if he got the opportunity. He said he'd be up for it.

MALVEAUX: Yes, he's available. He's --

HOLMES: But he's getting to the end of his career, really.

MALVEAUX: Thirty-seven. HOLMES: Yes.

MALVEAUX: That's about it.

HOLMES: Old guy.

MALVEAUX: Old. Relatively speaking.

Michael Jackson's three kids, they are suing the concert promoter in a case that is going to go to court today. Coming up, we're going to take a look at the lives of Prince Michael, Paris, Blanket, how they've changed since their father died almost four years ago.

HOLMES: Yes. A hint (ph), "Entertainment Tonight" and the Philadelphia Eagles are involved.


MALVEAUX: Going to take a look at what is trending online right now around the world. We turn to Afghanistan and a village just outside Kabul.

HOLMES: Yes, that's where Angelina Jolie, the United Nations' goodwill ambassador, well, she's working there to help educate Afghan girls. The actress opened an all-girl elementary school. It already has 200 to 300 students involved.

MALVEAUX: Pretty cool stuff. Well, of course, she has her own six kids, including three daughters, with Brad Pitt.

HOLMES: Some good work being done there.

All right, that will do it for me on AROUND THE WORLD. I'll see you tomorrow, I hope.

MALVEAUX: All right. Nice to see you, as always.

HOLMES: Carry on.

MALVEAUX: Thank you, Michael.