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NEWS STREAM

North Korea Warns Foreigners In South Korea To Protect Themselves; 73-Year-Old Auschwitz Survivor Uses Social Media To Search For Twin Brother; 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Southeastern Iran; Uhuru Kenyatta Sworn In As Kenya's President; A Look At Margaret Thatcher's Legacy

Aired April 9, 2013 - 08:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.

Now get out or take shelter, North Korea warns foreigners in the South to be prepared for war on the peninsula.

Plus, Kenya's youngest ever president is sworn in after a contentious election. We'll take you live to Nairobi.

And with little more than a memory to go on, an Auschwitz survivor uses social media to search for his long lost twin brother.

Now, and what is becoming a very familiar refrain, North Korea is again making threats. This time, it's warning foreigners living in South Korea to evacuate. A state run news agency says that they risk being hurt if, quote, all out war breaks out on the Korean peninsula.

Now Japan is not taking the threat lightly. It has put protective measures in place for the 30 million people who live in the capital Tokyo. Now missile defense systems have been set up in three areas there to guard against a possible attack. And they include these PATRIOT missile batteries.

The preparations come after U.S. and South Korean officials say that North Korea could be preparing for a missile launch. It could happen as early as tomorrow.

Now Jim Clancy is following all the developments from the South Korean capital Seoul. He joins us now live. And Jim, first, what is the reaction there to this new warning from North Korea?

JIM CLANCY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Calm. I can't say that anybody is really reacting strongly, but it was kind of a surprise. We were watching North Korean television this morning early this afternoon when the news anchor came on and began reading in that tone of voice that let's us know that it's going to be something awful. And so we tuned in an listened. And up came the announcement, it said this.

"If there is to be a war, we do not wish to see foreigners in South Korea be harmed. There should be measures over the safety of foreigners, including foreign institutes, companies, and tourists in South Korea, including Seoul."

Now there is about 10 or 11 million tourists a year that come into South Korea.

The message obviously one that is meant to disrupt the economy of South Korea, but the response from many of the embassies was swift. Some, like the British embassy said, at the moment, we see no immediate threat to British citizens in South Korea, adding, "we're not commenting on the specifics of every single piece of propaganda that comes out of North Korea."

There's virtually no one that we know that is going to be leaving the country as a result of this kind of threat. In a veiled sense here, if you read between the lines, would seem to be saying the North intends to target -- if there is a war, they would target civilians as a legitimate strategy.

But it was interesting on Twitter, Kristie Lu, I got a message that said thanks from the reporting from Seoul, we are not canceling our trip this week to South Korea. That was from an Australian. So you can see what the reaction is.

LU STOUT: That's right, underscoring, as you describe it, the calm reaction there among expatriots and of course the locals there in South Korea.

Now give us an update on the Kaesong Industrial Complex. I mean, has North Korea indeed followed through with that threat yesterday to suspend activity there?

CLANCY: Well, if it was a sick-out, they were all sick, because 53,000 workers didn't show up today. And that means that they have withdrawn.

There's still about 400 South Koreans there, the managers. They'll be looking after some of the equipment.

Now it's not sure whether North Korea is really going to completely shut it down forever, or whether this is just going to be suspended during this period of heightened rhetoric. We'll have to wait and see on that front.

The North said it would be reassessing the situation, pretty costly move for them, could be very costly for the South Korean companies, the 123 of them that invested in there today. President Park Geun-hye of South Korea saying that, you know, how are you going to get anybody to invest in North Korea with this kind of behavior. And to stop and think -- Kristie.

LU STOUT: You know, and it seems that every day there's just more heightened rhetoric. There's another threat from North Korea. Why is Pyongyang doing this? I mean, what does it ultimately want?

CLANCY: Well, it wants a lot of things. If we are to believe what the North is telling us, the statements, they want to keep their nuclear weapons program, they want to keep selling ballistic missile technology around the globe to rogue states, they want the UN security council sanctions against them lifted, and they want Washington to sign a peace treaty guaranteeing the security of the Kim dynasty in North Korea.

Now, you know, that's a tall order. If that's what it's going to take to bring peace here, I'm afraid we're looking at lots of difficult news to cover. I'm beginning to feel sorry for the poor woman who reads the news up in North Korea that I saw today. She has a tough job. She's got nothing but bad news to deliver -- Kristie.

LU STOUT: All right. Jim Clancy, it's great to have you in Seoul. And I know you'll be keeping a close eye on the situation as things develop in the days ahead. Jim Clancy live in Seoul, thank you very much indeed.

Now tension on the Korean Peninsula, it has been on the rise since February. In fact, on the 12th of that month Pyongyang conducted its third underground nuclear test in defiance of UN sanctions. It was the first nuclear test conducted under the leadership of Kim Jong-un. And the UN responded with more sanctions, but that only seemed to anger the regime.

Now last month, North Korea declared the 1953 armistice that ended fighting in the Korean War invalid and later declared a state of war with South Korea.

And last Tuesday, Pyongyang has announced that it is restarting its nuclear reactor at Yongbyon, which has been dormant in 2007. And on Thursday, the North Korean army said it had final approval with a nuclear attack on the U.S.

Now the UN sanctions have affected North Korea's ability to generate cash. And it's decision to shut Kaesong, even temporarily, will also have an impact. But Kim Jong-un has other ways for his country to turn a profit. Our Chris Lawrence is on the money trail.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

CHRIS LAWRENCE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): When it comes to selling technology, the launch pad is Kim Jong-un's showroom. And the missile test, doubles as a marketing tool.

JOE DETRANI, FORMER U.S. INTELLIGENCE OFFICIAL: He's telling other countries, "Look what you could have also for a price."

LAWRENCE: Libya and Iran have been willing clients. But former U.S. intelligence official Joe Detrani says sanctions have cut into sales.

Kim is profiting off illegal weapons but brings in 20 to $100 million less than his father.

(on camera): How important is money to Kim Jong-un?

DETRANI: Money is key. He's got to keep the elites happy.

LAWRENCE (voice-over): North Korea has its own version of the 1 percent. Kim needs that money stream to keep them on his side. Fortunately for Kim, North Korea has legal goods and a willing trade partner right next door.

(on camera): Who is Kim's link to China?

DETRANI: It has to be Jang Song Taek.

LAWRENCE (voice-over): And Jang is part of the family. Kim elevated his uncle to No. 2. Jang Song Taek oversees some of the state-run trading companies which mine reserves like coal and iron ore. Jang uses his connections to sell those minerals to China, and the profits come back to Kim.

DETRANI: This is a man who can cut the deal with China. He has a lot of credibility with the Chinese.

LAWRENCE: Thanks, in part, to Kim's uncle, trade with China is booming: from $1 billion a few years ago to $5 billion now.

(on camera): If you account for the weapons and the minerals, how else is he getting money?

DETRANI: He's getting it through illicit transactions.

LAWRENCE (voice-over): U.S. officials say North Korea is exporting illegal drugs like meth, producing knockoffs of popular cigarettes and pharmaceutical drugs, even counterfeiting good old Ben Franklin.

A U.S. official tells us that the illicit stuff is still pretty small scale, but the North does a get a bit more from tourism and foreign investment from South Korea and China. But in a country where residents don't pay taxes and the country is not connected to the international trading market, the official says basically it's minerals and weapons that are the cash cows keeping Kim in power.

Chris Lawrence, CNN, Washington.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

LU STOUT: And as the world waits to see what, if any thing, Kim does next, North Korea's neighbors are not taking any chances. Now later in the show, we'll show you how South Korea and Japan are preparing for the worst.

Now turning now to Iran where they're marking National Nuclear Technology Day. Now state media reports that Iran has opened a new uranium processing site and a mine in the central province of Yazd. Now this comes just days after the latest round of international talks on Iran's nuclear program failed to make any significant progress.

Now Iran insists it has the right to develop nuclear technology for peaceful means, but the west suspects it may be building nuclear weapons.

Now you're watching News Stream. And still ahead, sworn in as Kenya's youngest president, but why is the election of this man so controversial?

Also ahead, an emotional appeal, the U.S. president's plea for new and tougher gun laws.

And the grocer's daughter who became the Iron Lady, the world remembers Margaret Thatcher as we learn new details about her upcoming funeral.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

LU STOUT: Welcome back.

Now right here right next to me, you're looking at a video rundown of all the stories on the show today. We have already told you about the latest threats from North Korea. And later we'll show you how neighboring countries are responding. But now, let's turn to Kenya.

Uhuru Kenyatta has been inaugurated as the youngest president in Kenya's history. And let's bring up some live pictures of the huge inauguration ceremony underway right now in Nairobi. In fact, about 60,000 people are packing in to watch this.

Let's listen in.

UHURU KENYATTA, PRESIDENT OF KENYA: Are able to access government dispensaries and government health center free of charge. Within, I do believe promise of round one within the first hundred days we will develop a framework to direct the 6 billion (inaudible) shillings previously allocated for the election runoff toward establishing a new...

LU STOUT: All right, Kenya's new president just sworn in during his inauguration ceremony. Uhuru Kenyatta is speaking live just then on your screen.

Let's bring in our Nima Elbagir. She is, in fact, there witness to the inauguration. And Nima, can you just describe the scene to us and what you've been witnessing so far?

NIMA ELBAGIR, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, you can hear the crowd's reaction to pretty much Kenyatta's every utterance so far. At one point, they actually had to demand silence while he was given the oath of office, because constitutionally in order for this family (ph) to be fully in keeping with the new legislation that was brought in as the new constitution, it must be public, the public must hear the swearing in ceremony. And the enthusiasm of his supporters almost jeopardized that at one point.

We were here, Kristie, at about 5:00 am setting up for our inauguration coverage and there were already people here queuing. It's been a pretty extraordinary day, a historic day. This inauguration brings to an end the transition period that was put in place post that contested 2007 poll. And really you get a sense of how far Kenya and Kenyans feel they've come when you're standing here in this stadium.

And even just listening to Kenyatta's speech, although in his inauguration speech, which was still going on, he did speak about the road ahead to ensure and entrench unity in Kenya. A lot of it was about the economy, was about the need for jobs, was about addressing the aspirations of Kenyans in the future, not looking towards the past. But of course Kenyatta's past and the past of his vice president continues to hang over him and Kenya to a certain degree.

William Ruto, Kenya's newly sworn in Vice President is expected at the end of May to be at the ICC to start the trial there for facing charges of crimes against humanity. And that also hangs over Uhuru Kenyatta, he is also facing charges of crimes against humanity. And he is expected in the first week of July to sit there and face the beginning of his trial, Kristie.

LU STOUT: All right, Uhuru Kenyatta live on our screen. Our Nima Elbagir reporting live for us there in Nairobi. And the new Kenyan president speaking about the road ahead after a very contested and controversial presidential election. Thank you very much indeed, Nima.

Now, let's take a moment to remember Margaret Thatcher. Now preparations are underway for the former British Prime Minister's funeral which will take place one week from tomorrow. Now Thatcher once said that she did not believe a woman would become Britain's prime minister in her lifetime, but she defied even her own expectations and, in the words of the current prime minister, didn't just lead her country, but saved it.

Now Queen Elizabeth will be among those attending Thatcher's funeral at St. Paul's Cathedral. And British lawmakers are also preparing to hold a special session of parliament to pay their respects, but not everybody is paying tribute.

Now CNN's former political editor Robin Oakley joins me now from London with more. And Robin, thank you so much for joining us, it's great to see you back on our air. Margaret Thatcher is such a polarizing figure. Could you tell us why by describing first just how, as prime minister, she changed the lives of people there in the UK?

ROBIN OAKLEY, FRM. CNN POLITICAL EDITOR: Well, essentially Kristie, she introduced popular capitalism to Britain, and she gave Britain back much more clout in the outside world. And I think one reason why the loyalists in her conservative party revered her so much was they felt for two decades Britain's politicians and intelligentsia had been simply managing decline. Margaret Thatcher gave the country to the conservatives, anyway, real new hope and status with her brand of popular capitalism, privatizing Council homes and allowing people to buy their own homes, getting more people to invest in the stock market.

But the trouble was that as she did that, she was managing the decline of old state owned industries: ship building, steel works, industries like that which were in decline anyway. And the whole thing was that while she, as she saw it, rationalized what was happening and cut out expensive liabilities, she didn't really do enough to mend the communities who suffered from the decline of the pits and the steel workings and so on. So that is bitterly held against her by people particularly in the industrial north of England. And they think it's an absolute horror that she's going to get a funeral on the level she is, Kristie.

LU STOUT: That's right, she transformed the economy and so doing the lives of many people, including as you mention the working class in the north.

She also transformed politics as well there in the UK. How did she do that?

OAKLEY: Well, it was really her whole style. And I was very struck the first time I ever took her out to lunch it was when she was a minister in Edward Heath's government. She was three-and-a-half years as education minister. And we were talking about something. And I came across -- come up with an idea that I'd read about and it's just, oh, now that's a really good idea. Who is the best academic on that? And it was not so much that she was a woman that changed her approach to politics, it was the fact that she was a scientist, she trained as a chemist, so she was always looking for evidence and for academic backing for what she did.

And she then in her style in politics, if she was convinced of something, she drove it ahead by sheer force of personality. And in a way, she became hooked on the ideas in politics. And she tended to turn the Conservative Party from what had been a pragmatic party interested in winning elections to a sect interested in winning arguments as well, Kristie.

LU STOUT: So she had this very interesting -- you point this out -- the scientific approach, but also as you remind us, this mental and political toughness. I mean, she was afterall the Iron Lady. And she was notoriously tough and notoriously direct with her quest -- with how she handled questions from reporters including yourself. And I was wondering, what was that like, her personality as it were?

OAKLEY: She was a very tough personality to deal with. There was a lot of electricity when you went into an interview with her, but an incident I always remember was that the Commonwealth conference in Kuala Lumpur late, mid-1980s. And it was the apartheid regime in South Africa. Every other country in the Commonwealth was wanting South Africa to be expelled from the Commonwealth.

Margaret Thatcher was holding out against it, and perhaps unwisely I got up at a press conference and I said, look, prime minister, look at the odds against you here at this Commonwealth conference. It's 48 against 1, don't you sometimes wake up in the early hours of the morning and think I could just conceivably be wrong? And she fixed me with one of those glares that could turn a man to stone at 40 paces and she said, "if it's 48 against 1, then I'm just sorry for the 48." And she meant it.

LU STOUT: A great story, great insight, great analysis as always. Robin Oakley joining us live from London, thank you.

Now, Thatcher was known for her personal and political toughness as you heard firsthand from Robin Oakley just then. She embraced her nickname, the Iron Lady, she welcomed it. And Thatcher could deliver these defiant and fiery speeches to fight for what she believed in.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MARGARET THATCHER, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: For those waiting with baited breath for that favorite media catch phrase, the U-turn, I only one thing to say, you turn if you want to.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

LU STOUT: And Thatcher went on to say, "the lady's not for turning." She stood firm on issues both foreign and domestic. And it's fair to say that she made unpopular decisions, including a tax increase when Britain was mired in recession.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

THATCHER: Now what really gets me is this: it's very ironic that those who are most critical of the extra tax are those who were most vociferous in demanding the extra expenditure. And what gets me even more is that having demanded that extra expenditure they're not prepared to face the consequences of their own action and stand by the necessity to get some of the tax to pay for it. And I wish some of them had a bit more guts and courage than they have.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

LU STOUT: Now her years as a world leader were indeed a tumultuous time. Thatcher said as much herself to CNN's Larry King.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

THATCHER: It was the most fascinating time of my life. And they were gripping years. We sorted out the economy. People came to have a higher standard of living, a real enterprise economy. We then saw the end of the Cold War. We had all the suddenness of things like the Falklands and then the Gulf, then I had a sudden telephone call from Ronald Reagan, what about the Libyan raid, could his bases be used? There was fascinating -- event after event after event.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

LU STOUT: Margaret Thatcher in her own words. She was 87.

Now we are getting some preliminary reports of a 6.3 magnitude earthquake in Iran. This is what we know right now. It's a 6.3 magnitude quake, this according to the United States Geological Survey. And the USGS says that it struck in the country's southeast near the Persian Gulf Coast and the city of Bushehr.

Now, the site is in fact 91 kilometers away from Bushehr which is the site of a key Iranian nuclear facility. The USGS saying that the earthquake is 6.3 in magnitude. Iran's (inaudible) news agency claiming that it measures 6.1 in magnitude. No indications yet as to casualties or damage. Any more information about this earthquake in the vicinity of a nuclear site in Iran, we'll bring it to you right here on News Stream.

Now there is much more ahead here on the program. China is reporting new bird flu cases. We'll tell you where and what's being done to fight the virus.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

LU STOUT: Now, welcome back.

And state run media in China say that another person has died from the H7N9 bird flu found in and around Shanghai. Three other people have been confirmed with the virus. And so far the virus is known to have infected some 24 people in China. 11 cases have been in Shanghai. Five of those patients have died. The other cases have been reported in these three provinces, Jiangsu, Anhui, and Zhejiang. Two people have died in Zhejiang.

Now China says it will continue to cooperate with the world health organization and update neighboring countries about the situation.

Now the WHO has commended China's response so far as helping to investigate the source of the infection. And the organization says that there is no evidence of human to human transmission of the virus.

Now the WHO is also addressing questions and clarifying misconceptions. It says that properly cooked meat, including poultry, is safe to eat. Now the exception is sick animals or ones found dead.

Now WHO also says that Chinese products are safe. And it is not advising any travel restrictions for people visiting or leaving China.

Now time now for your sports headlines. And last season, the Manchester Derby effectively decided the Premier League title. And the stakes weren't as high this time around, but there was still no shortage of drama.

Amanda Davies joins us now with more -- Amanda.

AMANDA DAVIES, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Kristie. Yeah, this is one that certain never disappoints. It didn't on Monday night either. And Roberto Mancini says that Manchester City can regain their Premier League title next season after writing off their hopes for the current campaign. But that's despite the fact that they beat the league leaders and their great rivals Manchester United on Monday night.

City closed the gap on United at the top of the table to 12 points with their 2-1 at Old Trafford. A great late strike from substitute Sergio Aguero gave City their second straight win at United. But with just seven games of the season still left to play, Mancini conceded afterward that United do very much remain on course to win their 20th league title.

Well, of course both City and United are out of the European Champion's League. And in that competition, we're gearing up for the quarterfinal second legs later on Tuesday. Malaga have an extra incentive heading into their game against Germany's Borussia Dortmund. Their coach Manuel Pellegrini is expected to return from Chile following the death of his father over the weekend just in time for the match.

The tie is finally poised after a goalless first leg in Spain. The Dortmund coach, Jurgen Klopp is hoping his side can write another chapter in his club's history, but many are saying that the Bundesliga side could be in trouble without an away goal in the bank. Malaga are playing in the competition for the first time, but are looking to cause an upset.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MARTIN DEMICHELIS, MALAGA DEFENDER (through translator): Of course the anticipation before the game is different from normal, but we have a lot of trust and we have the appetite. And I don't think our result in the first leg was a bad one. Those who think that Dortmund is as good as through, they are barking up the wrong tree.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

DAVIES: Never mind a tree, Galatasaray have a mountain to climb against Real Madrid. They're 3-0 down heading into their second leg on home turf in Turkey. But the Real Madrid manager Jose Mourinho is still urging his side to be a little bit cautious. Galatasaray aren't helped, it has to be said, by the fact that their striker. Burak Yilmaz is suspended for the match. He's the tournament's joint second highest scorer alongside Lionel Messi.

The Real Madrid pair of Sergio Ramos and Xavi Alonso are also missing because of suspension. That could help the Turkish side. But the Spanish giants are definitely in favorite as they bid for their 10th European crown.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

FATIH TERIM, GALATASARAY COACH (through translator): In a football game, we have seen everything. We've experienced everything, but it will be difficult. We will play against Real Madrid. This is not an ordinary team. Galatasaray will go all out. Everything is possible in football. I hope tomorrow we will see that.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

DAVIES: Fatih Terim saying, Kristie, everything is possible. Real Madrid did win the first leg 3-0, so that could mean Galatasaray can win the second by a big margin, but they've certainly got a tough evening ahead.

LU STOUT: Yeah, I mean good luck to them. And i like the coach's first name, "faith." Amanda Davies there, thank you, take care.

Now North Korea's neighbors, they are taking its threats quite seriously. And coming up next right here on News Stream, we'll show you how South Korea and Japan are preparing for the worst case scenario.

And leaning hard on congress. What Barack Obama is doing now to win passage of stricter gun control in the U.S. Stick around.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.

Now North Korea is warning foreigners living in South Korea to take measures to secure shelter or get out. Now Pyongyang says if a war breaks out on the Korean peninsula, it doesn't want foreigners to get hurt. Meanwhile, Japan has deployed three missile defense systems in and around Tokyo. South Korean officials say that North Korea could test a missile as early as tomorrow.

Now cheering crowds greeted Uhuru Kenyatta as he was sworn in as the president of Kenya. A ceremony in the capital Naibori was attended by a host of African leaders and diplomats from the U.S., Asia and Europe. In fact, the ceremony is still underway. Live pictures on your screen from Nairobi.

But the International Criminal Court, meanwhile, has summoned that man Kenyatta to be tried at The Hague on charges of crimes against humanity in connection with post election violence back in 2007. And Kenyatta, he denies the charges.

In the Middle East, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry is trying to revive peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians. He met prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem this morning after talks over dinner on Monday. Both men say that they made progress towards restoring peace talks.

And police in Serbia say a man has shot dead 13 people in a village south of Belgrade. They say that the victims included six women and a child. Reports say that the man tried to kill himself and his wife.

Now, let's turn to the United States. Now President Barack Obama is making an emotional appeal to congress. And he is urging lawmakers to pass new gun control laws. And Mr. Obama, he gave this impassioned speech in Connecticut on Monday. That is the state where a young man shot and killed 20 children and six educators just four months ago.

And after his speech, Mr. Obama brought the families of the Newtown, Connecticut shooting victims to Washington to help make the case for tighter gun control.

Brianna Keilar joins me now. And Brianna, I mean, this was a very emotional plea from the U.S. president. Tell us more about what he said and whether it'll make an impact?

BRIANNA KEILAR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Very emotional, Kristie, and certainly very -- I guess you would say unique. I've never really seen President Obama sort of bringing his advocates with him to Washington on Air Force One, but with congress struggling to find a gun measure that will even see debate on the Senate floor, President Obama can use all the help he can get.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

KEILAR: If he can't convince congress to take up gun legislation, perhaps they can. President Obama brought 12 family members of the Newtown shooting victims back to Washington with him, personally ushering them off Air Force One. Among them...

NICOLE HOCKLEY, MOTHER OF NEWTOWN VICTIM: The president of the United States.

KEILAR: Nicole Hockley, who lost her six year old son Dylan at Sandy Hook Elementary school.

HOCKLEY: ...though sometimes the waves of sadness are so great they threaten to drown me, I stand before you now and ask you to stand with me, with all the families.

KEILAR: Hockley had earlier introduced the president as he began a week long White House push for a gun bill. Obama criticized Republican senators for trying to block a measure from coming to the Senate floor.

OBAMA: In the wake of a tragedy, you'd think this would not be a heavy lift. And yet some folks back in Washington are already floating the idea that they may use political stunts to prevents votes on any of these reforms.

KEILAR: Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell is now planning to join the 13 senators who say they will filibuster a bill. Democrats are hoping to overcome the filibuster with a bipartisan compromise that would require background checks for all, or almost all gun purchases. The measure has overwhelming public support, but is in jeopardy in the Senate.

OBAMA: We have to tell congress it's time to require a background check for anyone who wants to buy a gun so that people who are dangerous to themselves and others cannot get their hands on a gun. Let's make that happen.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

KEILAR: Now this is very much part of a full court press by the White House this week on this issue. Vice President Joe Biden along with the Attorney General Eric Holder are holding an event here at the White House today where it will focus on law enforcement. They'll have a number of law enforcement officials with them.

And then Kristie, tomorrow, the first lady herself, Michelle Obama, will head to Chicago. She'll be talking about how young people need opportunity, and that includes being able to grow up with safety from guns.

LU STOUT: You know, it's incredible, isn't it, that according to that opinion poll that you sited in your report, the majority of people there in America are on the U.S. president's side. They want to see tougher gun laws. And yet there is this threat of a filibuster. Why is it so difficult to get meaningful gun control legislation passed in the U.S.?

KEILAR: Well, you know, part of it -- you'll hear a lot of talk about the National Rifle Association. President Obama certainly targeted the NRA yesterday, the gun lobby. Part of that is because there are a number of American voters who are very motivated by concerns about restrictions on guns for, as they see it, law abiding people. And they're concerned that these -- ultimately, these measures will be restrictions on law abiding people who want to protect themselves and that these aren't actually going to be restrictions on criminals.

When you look at folks who are motivated by that, Kristie, they would -- I think anyone would say more motivated at the polls than, say, folks who want gun control, who want gun restrictions. And knowing that, this is an area of vulnerability for Republicans. If they vote -- and some Democrats, I'll tell you -- but mostly Republicans. If they vote for gun restrictions, they almost no doubt will be primaried, face a challenger from the right and ultimately could very much see themselves lose at the polls because of that.

LU STOUT: Incredible. It's turning out to be quite the test for the U.S. president's will power. Brianna Keilar joining us live from the White House, thank you very much for that.

Now a short time ago, an earthquake rocked Iran. And a 6.3 magnitude quake, according to the USGS, just 70 plus kilometers away from a nuclear facility in Iran. And this quake, it was even felt in the UAE.

Now CNN's Leone Lakhani joins us on the line from Abu Dhabi.

And Leone, just tell us how this quake was felt in the UAE and the reaction there?

LEONE LAKHANI, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Kristie, we felt the earthquake here in the UAE. Certainly there have been reports of people in all parts of the UAE who said they felt a few -- the tremor. And we've also seen some social media that it was felt as far as Qatar and Bahrain.

Now in the area that our office is in, there were certain buildings within the area that were evacuated. But it hasn't been felt as widely as reported. It's not like we've got a lot -- a panic situation in (inaudible) or anything like that. But there was enough of a -- enough of a tremor that certain buildings in the area that our office is in had to be evacuated.

And Kristie, this is not the first time. In the past couple of years, we've been in Dubai, in Abu Dhabi where we felt similar tremors and similar kinds of effects from the same kind of earthquake, or felt in the Bushehr area once again.

LU STOUT: OK, so this has happened before. Quakes originating from the Bushehr area being felt there in the UAE, but no sense of panic, even though there have been evacuations there in the UAE as a result of this 6.3 magnitude -- Leone Lakhani joining us on the line there from Abu Dhabi, thank you very much indeed for that update.

Now let's get more information on this quake. We know it's a magnitude 6.3, but a lot we don't know -- the duration, the depth, et cetera. Let's get the statistics now with Mari Ramos. She joins us from the World Weather Center -- Mari.

MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hey, Kristie. Yeah, let's go ahead and show you a couple of things. Where Leone was reporting from is about 500 kilometers away right here in Abu Dhabi. This dot that you see right here is where the earthquake actually happened. That is the epicenter.

Now when we get a little bit closer, you'll notice that there are no big cities that are popping up on this map right now. The larger one is this one right over along the Persian Gulf Coast. This is where that nuclear facility in Iran is located. It's roughly about 90 kilometers away.

When we look at the shake map, which is what the estimate that -- that the U.S. Geological Survey has whenever there's an earthquake, and it tells us what they estimate the shaking to be at. You know, depending on all the studies -- or the surveys that they've done in the past.

So what we're looking at up here is the scale. Of course if you would see a lot of reds, that would be extreme or very heavy shaking and bad damage. But what we're seeing a lot of here, a little bit of orange kind of popping up on the map in the areas closest to the epicenter. And then, of course, as we get a little farther and farther away, the colors become lighter.

So, it appears that in these areas closest to the epicenter, we did get some very strong shaking possibly. The closest cities within maybe 40 to 50 kilometers in this area, there's roughly about 100,000 people that live in this region. There is a chance, depending on what or how their buildings are made that we could see some damage in these areas closest to the epicenter, but notice as we move farther and farther away, that shaking gets lighter and lighter, including in that area where that nuclear facility is located.

This map that you're seeing right here a little bit different, also from the U.S. Geological Survey. This is Iran right over here. The star that you see right there is where the epicenter occurred. This is the Persian Gulf. This is something called Did You Feel It? And you guys have heard me talk about this before. Whenever there's an earthquake, there's a website right on the U.S. Geological Survey -- and I'll go ahead and tweet that out in just a little while again, where people can actually go and say what they felt, when they felt it, and where.

So this location right over here, and Brandon Miller is helping me out with this, this is in Shiraz. And they had a response of an intensity of a four. Four would indicate that that would be a moderate shaking that they felt in that area.

Other places, for example over here in Kuwait. Can we look at Kuwait over here? There's a report from there. And that intensity is a two, which means it would have been very light shaking that they felt there.

And across the Persian Gulf, there are other areas that the shaking was report. Manama, for example, an intensity of three, that would also indicate very light shaking, which would be consistent with the report from Leone that in Abu Dhabi they also felt light shaking associated with this quake in these same areas.

So let's go back to the other map. And this is called The Did You Feel It? As far as the intensity, this is where the epicenter is in the 6.1 quake. It appears to have been another one, Brandon, is that what we're looking at right over here? Is that another dot just popped up right over here. Can you zoom back in. There we go, it appears that there was another quake, a 5.4, possibly immediately after that, so we have yet another quake that has been reported just in the last few minutes, a 5.4 in that same general area. Not unusual to see something like this. The larger the dot, the larger the intensity. The original quake, this one right over here, a new one that just popped up on our map, a 5.4. That city that they're talking about in Iran where the nuclear facility is located is farther away. And there appears that there was shaking there, Kristie, but it was not intense shaking, only light to perhaps moderate. Back to you.

LU STOUT: That's right, thank you for walking us through this shake map, that visual behind you. It was incredible seeing in real-time that aftershock appear just behind you on that map.

And also, a bit reassuring even that we haven't received any information, confirmation about casualties or damage that the site of that sensitive nuclear facility in Bushehr seems to be out of the impact zone, out of that yellow circle there on the shake map.

RAMOS: The most intense shaking closest to the epicenter, again.

LU STOUT: Indeed.

And Mari is going to be across that all this hour right here on CNN.

Still ahead on News Stream, take risks, seek challenges, deal with gusto. These are the secrets of leadership with Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

LU STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong, you're back watching News Stream.

Now she is best known for telling women to lean-in and to take charge in the workplace. She is, of course, Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg. But where does her own drive come from? Now Soledad O'Brien sat down with Sandberg to get more on her upbringing.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

SOLEDAD O'BRIEN, CNN ANCHOR: On a visit to the New York office of Facebook, chief operating officer Sheryl Sandberg makes the rounds and catching up with staff.

SHERYL SANDBERG, COO FACEBOOK: Hi. Hi, guys, how are you?

O'BRIEN: The 43-year-old Sandberg is the picture of a high powered executive with a soft touch. In her book. "Lean-in" Sandberg offers prescriptions on how women can become leaders in the workplace.

You give tips on how to have an engaging personality to realistically be successful. And I don't know that people give men tips on an engaging personality.

SANDBERG: Yeah, the cards are stacked against women. The social science data on the success and likeability is very deep and the finding is very robust that women pay this penalty for success. They pay a penalty for power. They pay a penalty for things that are considered aggressive in a women, not men.

O'BRIEN: And she's not delivering that message only in her book.

SANDBERG: We say things like, she's too aggressive. She's a little assertive. No one ever says that about a man. And women don't get jobs because of that, and they don't get elected because of that.

O'BRIEN: Her goal, to help women combat the stereotypes she says are holding them back.

Belinda Luscombe is an editor-at-large at Time Magazine. And wrote a cover article about Sandberg. She site's Sandberg's upbringing as one reason for her passion.

BELINDA LUSCOMBE, EDITOR AT LARGE, TIME MAGAZINE: Adele and Joel Sandberg were kind of very activist parents. They really fought for freedom for Soviert Jews. There was just no way having been brought up in that home that she could be the kind of person who just leaned back and, you know, that was not going to be involved in some kind of public service.

O'BRIEN: And with her book, "Lean-in" her foundation Lean-in.org and the Lean-in circles she encourages where women can turn to each other for a discussion and support, Sandberg seems to be entering another phase of her life, that of feminist.

SANDBERG: I wrote in a book that I never used the word feminism to describe myself until a number of years ago. And I know proudly call myself a feminist.

O'BRIEN: It's worth nothing that for all her success and messages to women, Sandberg admits she still has some work to do on herself.

What would people be most surprised to learn about you?

SANDBERG: I still face a lot of those insecurities women face. And I think the surprising thing people find is I'm still experiencing all of this. I'm still uncomfortable just a little bit.

O'BRIEN: Then what's the hope for everybody else? You've written the book on it. And you're the COO of Facebook.

SANDBERG: I never thought I could write a book, but I did. And I didn't know if i could do the Facebook job, but I'm doing it. And I'm doing it to the scary best of my ability. And so I gain confidence, I gain confidence for every assignment I reach for, with every new thing I take on and other women can too.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

LU STOUT: Sheryl Sandberg there. And you could learn about other female entrepreneurs behind the great businesses of our time. Just go here, our web site CNN.com/leadingwomen. And next week, tune in for super star Beyonce, a look at her life and career and find out what inspired her to dream big.

Now, a search for a brother with only a number to go by.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MENACHEM BODNER, AUSCHWITZ SURVIVOR: A 7733.

ATIKA SHUBERT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: A 77...

BODNER: ..33.

SHUBERT: And you're looking for...

BODNER: 34.

SHUBERT: A 7734.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

LU STOUT: They were separated at Auschwitz. And now a holocaust survivor is looking for his identical twin and is hoping the internet can help find him. We'll have his story next on News Stream.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

LU STOUT: Welcome back.

Now when Menachem Bodner was just a young boy, he was freed from the Auschwitz concentration camp without his family and with only a few tangible memories. And decades later, with the help of social media, he has opened up about the painful chapter in an effort to find his twin brother and learn more about his past. Atika Shubert has his story.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

ATIKA SHUBERT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: This is Menachem Bodner's earlier memory at just three-years-old.

He says, "I remember my mother, what she was wearing -- a green skirt with white flowers and a white blouse." He says, "on the left there was a bed and my brother was sleeping. I remember, I had a brother."

Until a few months ago, Menachem, now 73, had no idea his brother even existed. Menachem is a survivor of Auschwitz. He was four-and-a-half when the camp was liberated. And in the chaos and confusion he does not remember how he was separated from his brother, but he did seek a way out.

"I was in the camp," he recalls, "and a man came in who was looking for his wife and daughter. I stood before him and asked if he would be my father. He picked me up in his hands and took me out of the camp."

His adopted father took him to Israel and named him Menachem. Over the years, his father searched for his adopted son's birth family, but without success. Menachem began to wonder if his memories were simply dreams.

Last year, urged by his grandchildren he tried again, posting the only clues he had on the internet -- a photo of himself as a five year old, and another that he believed was a family photo. It was in his pocket the day Auschwitz was liberated.

Geneologist Ayana KimRon responded to his post. She took one look at that family photo and knew it was not his. Why? There was no brother in the photo.

Do you have any memory of picking up this photo or why you did? No.

BODNER: Maybe I found it.

SHUBERT: At first, Menachem was crushed, one of the few clues was a false started, but Ayana reminded him he had another lead, one he would never forget. The numbers are faded, but the Auschwitz ID tattooed on his arm is still visible

BODNER: A 7733.

SHUBERT: A 77...

BODNER: ...33.

SHUBERT: And you're looking for...

BODNER: 34.

SHUBERT: A 7734.

Through this number, Ayana discovered Menachem was Eli Gottesman. And he did have a brother, an identical twin named Jeno, last seen by Allied doctors in Auschwitz.

AYANA KIMRON, GENEOLOGIST: We know that he was declared healthy on the 9th of February, 1945, by medical staff. This is really the last factual reference that I have.

SHUBERT: She found other, more disturbing records. Both twins were subjected to experiments by Josef Mengele, the Nazi doctor dubbed the "Angel of Death" for his gruesome experiments on humans, particularly twins. But perhaps thankfully, Menachem has no memory of that.

But have you ever wanted to find out what these tests were that were conducted on you?

BODNER: No.

SHUBERT: No.

KIMRON: Some things we don't need to remember.

SHUBERT: Together, they set up Facebook page, A 7734, now viewed more than a million times.

88,000 shares. Wow.

The search has been rewarding. Last year, he traveled to the small village where he was born. He spoke to neighbors who remember his family - - a doctor, his wife, and their smiling children.

"I closed a circle," he explains. "It's just good to know that what I was dreaming was real and not my imagination."

Menachem is still searching for his twin brother, but along the way he has also found himself.

Atika Shubert, CNN, Tel Aviv.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

LU STOUT: A moving story there about using the power of the internet.

And finally, an update for airline passengers. Now we could be in for some bumpy rides in the near future and I don't mean because of increasing ticket prices or new regulations, I mean quite literally. Now research published in the journal Nature Climate Change says global warming is going to increase the chance of aircraft running into turbulence in the coming years. Experts say it's because climate change will strengthen the jet stream. Now that is the huge fast moving body of air which circulates as the same altitude as planes. And that leads to turbulence.

British newspaper reports say that the study found the frequency of turbulence on many flights between Europe and North America will double by 2050. It could mean more delays for passengers if flights are rerouted. And of course more fasten your seat belt notices on flights themselves. So make sure you're sitting comfortably.

And that is News Stream, but the news continues at CNN. World Business Today is next.

END