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STUDENT NEWS

Debate Over Surveillance Cameras; Mars Colony?

Aired April 24, 2013 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: I`m Carl Azuz. And this is CNN STUDENT NEWS. Thanks for watching. In Boston, authorities are letting residents and business owners back into the area where last week`s terror attack happened. Yesterday there were private services for two of the victims of last week`s violence, eight-year old Martin Richard and MIT police officer Sean Collier. The surviving suspect, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev is in the hospital. He couldn`t appear in front of a judge, so on Monday, a judge came to him. That`s when the suspect was read his Miranda rights. We explained what those are in yesterday show.

The suspect has been communicating with investigators. He`s suggested that he and his brother, the other suspect, were not members of a terrorist group. He also indicated that his brother who died after a shootout with police directed last week`s attack. Security cameras were big part of identifying the bombing suspects. But for some people, these cameras raise a debate of privacy vs. security. Allen Constantini of affiliate KARE has more on that.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

CHARLES SAMUELSON, MNCLU EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: Where is the line, how do we set it up so that we don`t lose that sense of not being under a constant observation.

ALLEN CONSTANTINI, KARE 11 CORRESPONDENT: Minnesota Civil Liberties Union executive director Charles Samuelson says he realizes that private surveillance cameras were used by Boston authorities to identify the two suspects in the marathon bombings a week ago. The question is, can such wide use of video surveillance impinge on individual liberties.

SAMUELSON: If you create a society where everything is on videotape, or actually directed digital media kind of stuff, where everything is recorded and everything is kept forever, you have absolutely no privacy.

CONSTANTINI: The flip side of that concern, as you might imagine, comes from the people running some of the cameras.

COMMANDER SCOTT GERLICHER, MINNEAPOLIS POLICE STRATEGIC INFORMATION: This is public safety camera systems, so this is an umbrella of safety, if you will, for the public. It allows us as a police department to take a look at some of our key business corridors.

CONSTANTINI: Command Scott Gerlicher runs the Minneapolis Police Strategic Information Center, where more than 100 cameras are mend seven days a week. He says they have their eyes on the hundreds of privately owned surveillance cameras in the city.

GERLICHER: And we help to be able to tap into that in the coming months and years.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: In the debate of all thing, privacy and security, we`d like to know which side you leaned on. Find us on our blog at cnnstudentnews.com. It`s first names only, so no last initials or schools or teachers. Please let us know your thoughts on cameras, security and privacy.

We`re going to check out some international news now, with stories from three different continents, starting in Northern Africa and in attacking Tripoli, the capital city of Libya. Tuesday morning the car bomb exploded there, outside of the French embassy. It was so powerful, it blew the front wall off the building and blew out windows and nearby neighborhoods. No one was killed. But two French security guards and a local teenager were injured. Investigators are trying to figure out who`s behind the attack.

Next, Asia, recovery efforts in central China`s Sichuan province following a deadly earthquake.

Since the original quake hit on Saturday, there had been more than 2,000 aftershocks. Those are making recovery efforts harder, because the tremors could cause landslides or more damage.

Latest reports say more than 190 people had been killed, more than 11,000 have been injured, more than 20 people are still missing.

Finally, in Europe, a vote in France on the issue of same sex marriage. Yesterday, French lawmakers voted to make same sex marriage legal. The bill has to be signed by France`s president before it can become law. And opponents are planning to file a legal challenge against the bill. A lot of countries are split on this issue, but if the bill in France does become law, it will be the 14th nation to legalize same sex marriage.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Is this legit? The TSA is responsible for training U.S. air traffic controllers. Not true. Most air traffic controllers receive training from the FAA. The Federal Aviation Administration.

(\END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: And because fewer air traffic controllers are working at the moment, some airline flights are running late. This goes back to something we told you about earlier this year. Congress and the president weren`t able to agree on the way to cut down the government`s spending and debt, so automatic spending cuts kicked in. Politicians generally didn`t want that to happen, but because they couldn`t compromise on a deal, there`s been an $85 billion reduction in government spending on a variety of programs. For the most part, the cuts haven`t had as mush of an impact on Americans as President Obama said they would. But he did warn there`d be more delays at airports. And because of the spending cuts, some air traffic controllers have been furloughed, forced to take time off without pay. That`s caused flight delays across the country, some a few minutes some a few hours. On Monday, the FAA said there were 1200 flight delays due to the budget cuts. There were 1400 due to other reasons like weather. The FAA says the furloughs won`t impact safety.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: If there`s some cost cutting, and I don`t feel it badly, I`m all for it. If it becomes painful, then I think we need to figure out another way to deal with things.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We`re all going to pay the price, so what can you do?

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: But if you or someone you know is planning to fly, the FAA recommends you book early direct flights. Try to avoid heavy travel days like Mondays and Fridays and keep track of your flight time online.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Today`s "Shoutout" goes out to Mayo`s government classes at Crestview High School in Ashland, Ohio. Where would you find the Hellas impact basin, Olympus Mons and Utopia Planitia? Here we go now. Either in Greece, Middle Earth, the Bermuda Triangle or on Mars. You`ve got three seconds, go.

Those are some of the physical landmarks on the red planet of Mars. That`s your answer and that`s your "Shoutout."

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: Of course, no one has ever seen those in person. In science fiction, humans have been going to Mars for decades, but in reality - At least not yet. One company is signing up volunteers. Now, this is for real. They are looking for people who want to go to Mars. The scheduled departure, if they can raise enough money for the trip, is the year 2022 with the return scheduled for never. Zain Verjee explains.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

ZAIN VERJEE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A one way ticket to Mars - it sounds like science fiction, but it just became reality. Mars 1 is accepting applications from interplanetary pioneers. You must be willing to go further than any human has ever been to live on another world. The criteria - you need to be adaptable, resilient, resourceful and a team player. You would be the new Christopher Columbus or Magellan, but there are downsides: no oceans, no trees, no morning cup of coffee. Instead, dust storms, barren deserts, volcanoes. And the biggest downside of all - you can never return. But Marsonauts won`t be taking off anytime soon, first they`ll undergo eight years of intensive training, isolated from the rest of the world, learning to live in closed spaces. They`ll take off on their mission in 2022. No human has ever stepped foot on the red planet. It could be you.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: So, on one hand you could be one of the first humans to set foot on Mars, on the other, you`d never be able to come back. What do you guys think of this? If you are on Facebook, go to Facebook.com/cnnstudentnews. And talk to us about this one way extraterrestrial ticket. Chris Hadfield is already closer to Mars than you or I. He is an astronaut, he`s been on the International Space Station since December. While he is there, he`s been making videos showing how routine things are a little different in space.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

CHRIS HADFIELD: I filled the water bag. This has drinking water in it, and I`m going to squirt a bunch of water into this washcloth.

OK, so here`s the soaking wet washcloth, I`ll get the microphone so you can hear me while I`m talking, and now let`s start wringing it out. It`s really wet.

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)

HADFIELD: It`s becoming a tube of water. The water is all over my hands, in fact, it wrings out of the cloth into my hands, and if I let go of the cloth, carefully - the water sort of has - stick to my hand.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: I wonder if you realized that a test at that theory would be water proof. Maybe it`s in a few dry runs first. You know what they call that experiment? If you do it by the sixth planet from the Sun, the rings of Saturn - I mean it`s kind of a stretch, but we had space for just one more. Have a great day.

END