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Three Young Women Missing For 10 Years Rescued; The Onion Twitter Account Hacked; Leading Women: DuPont CEO Ellen Kullman; North Korea Threatens South, Removes Missiles From Launchpad; How Climate Change Affects Everyone
Aired May 7, 2013 - 08:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
PAULINE CHIOU, HOST: I'm Pauline Chiou in Hong Kong. Welcome to News Stream where News and technology meet.
Three women missing for over a decade in the United States are found in a home in Cleveland, Ohio.
Mixed signals from North Korea, Pyongyang makes more threats while apparently moving missiles away from a launch site.
And why one of the world's biggest malls lies virtually empty in China.
Three young women who disappeared without a trace a decade ago have now been found alive. Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus, and Michelle Knight were found in a residential area of Cleveland in the U.S. state of Ohio after Berry made a frantic call to police saying she had been kidnapped and missing for 10 years.
Three men have been arrested and are awaiting possible charges. Martin Savage has the details.
MARTIN SAVAGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Michelle Knight disappeared when she was 19, that was 2002. Amanda Berry disappeared the day before her 17th birthday, that was 2003. Gina DeJesus disappeared when she was 14, that was 2004.
Then, Monday evening, their decade long nightmare ended when Amanda Berry made an emotional 911 call to police.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is 911.
AMANDA BERRY, KIDNAPPING VICTIM: Help me, I'm Amanda Berry.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: You need police, fire, or ambulance?
BERRY: I need police.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK, and what's going on there?
BERRY: I've been kidnapped and I've been missing for 10 years and I'm here, I'm free now.
UNIDENTIIFED FEMALE: OK. And what's your address.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It looks like you are calling me from (AUDIO DELETED)
BERRY: Across the street. I'm using this phone.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK. Stay there with those neighbors. And talk to the police when they get there.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK, talk to the police when they get there.
BERRY: OK. Hello?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yeah, talk to the police when they get there.
BERRY: OK. Are they on their way right now? I need them now.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We're going to send them as soon as we get a car open.
BERRY: No, I need them now before he gets back.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: All right, we're sending him OK?
BERRY: OK. I need one right now.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Who is the guy -- who is the guy who went out?
BERRY: His name is (AUDIO DELTED)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: All right. How old is he?
BERRY: He's like 52.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: All right.
BERRY: I'm Amanda Berry. I've been on the news for the last 10 years.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK. I got that here.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And you said, what was his name again?
BERRY: (AUDIO DELETED)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And is he white, black, or Hispanic?
BERRY: I think Hispanic.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: What is he wearing?
BERRY: I don't know, because he's not here right now, that's why I got away.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: When he left, what was he wearing?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The police are on the way. Talk to them when they get there, OK?
BERRY: I need. OK.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I told you they were on the way. Talk to them when they get there, OK?
BERRY: All right. OK. Thank you.
MARTIN: She made that call after she was able to look out of the house where they were being held and flag down a neighbor.
CHARLES RAMSEY, NEIGHBOR: Her screaming, I'm eating at McDonalds. I come outside. I see this girl going nuts trying to get out of a house. So I go on the porch -- I go on the porch and she says help me get out, I've been in here a long time.
So, you know, I figure it's a domestic violence dispute. So I open the door and we can't get in that way, because how the door is, it's so much that a body can't fit through, only your hand.
So we kicked the bottom. And she comes out with a little girl. And she says call 911. My name is Amanda Berry.
SAVAGE: And did you know who that was when she said that?
RAMSEY: When she told me it didn't register until I got the call to 911 and now I'm calling the 911 for Amanda Berry? I thought this girl was dead, you know what I mean?
And she got on the phone and said, yes, this is me. The girl, Amanda, told the police I ain't just the only one, it's some more girls up in that house. So they going on up there, you know, 30, 40 deep and when they came out it was just astonishing.
SAVAGE: Police moved in, swarming the house, rescuing the women. They arrested a 52-year-old former school bus driver who lives there, Ariel Castro. They also arrested his two brothers.
DEPUTY CHIEF ED TOMBA, CLEVELAND POLICE DEPT: They made some statements to the responding officers that gave us enough probable cause to affect their arrest.
SAVAGE: The rescued women were taken to a nearby hospital and checked out. A photo of a beaming Amanda Berry and her sister appeared on Facebook.
DR. GERALD MALONEY, METRO HEALTH DEPARTMENT MEDICAL CENTER: Currently, they are safe. We're in the process of evaluating their medical needs. They appear to be in fair condition at the moment.
This is really good, because this isn't the ending we usually hear to these stories. So we're very happy.
SAVAGE: That sense of happiness and relief shared by police.
TOMBA: It's a great -- it's a great day.
SAVAGE: And the people of Cleveland.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It's an unbelievable day.
SAVAGE: Martin Savage, CNN, Cleveland, Ohio.
CHIOU: And we will have more on this story throughout the day.
Now to North Korea where the country's words seem to be contradicting its actions. On the one hand, Pyongyang is issuing a new threat to South Korea and the United States. On the other, U.S. officials say the North has withdrawn missiles from a launch site near its east coast.
The apparent mixed signals are raising new questions about Pyongyang's next move. Let's go straight to our senior international correspondent Dan Rivers in South Korea's capital of Seoul for the very latest.
Dan, we know that North Korea can be very fickle, but how should we be reading these signals?
DAN RIVERS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: It's sort of two steps forward, one step back, isn't it? In this case it's two missiles removed from a launch pad and yet more angry rhetoric threatening the United States, which is about to be involved with more military maneuvers, this time naval maneuvers at sea saying that if any shells land over its side of the maritime border, that it will turn South Korean islands nearby into a sea of fire.
It's difficult to quite understand the kind of mindset there. But this is a long well-worn routine from North Korea meeting any sort of military maneuvers by the South and by the United States with this kind of rhetoric.
But I think the removal of those two missiles is significant.
There's also reports as well that the highest level of combat alert for the North Korean army has been lifted, that's a report from South Korean media here. So that would all tie in with this suggestion that militarily anyway things seem to be ratcheting back down again.
This all happening as the South Korean president Park Geun-hye starts her summit with President Obama in Washington, the first official visit by her since she was sworn in earlier this year.
RIVERS: With President Obama's foreign policy pivot to Asia, relations with South Korea have never been more important or better. Newly elected President Park Geun-hye has already met Secretary of State John Kerry, but this will be her first official meeting with President Obama, a chance to celebrate 60 years of the U.S.-South Korean alliance.
But the trip will also be a personal milestone in President Park Geun- hye's troubled family history. Her campaign video show the large scar across her face sustained after a razor attack in 2006. Her father, President Park Chung-hee, was a controversial leader of South Korea in the 1970s, reviled by some as a dictator, celebrated by others as an economic genius. He survived two assassination attempts. During one attempt in 1974, his wife, President Park Geun-hye's mother, was shot dead.
Park Geun-hye became de facto first lady next to her dad, the bereaved president. But in 1979, he was also murdered by Korea's top spy. It makes Park Geun-hye's rise to the top all the more remarkable.
PROF. JASPER KIM, PACIFIC GLOBAL RESEARCH GROUP: And if you take a look at Park Geun-hye, the first female president of South Korea and Barack Obama the first black president of the United States, these two are really unprecedented cases representing two very powerful countries and two strong allies over the course of the past few decades.
So within the chemistry, the dynamics, will be very much in line with each other. And I think there will be some positive results afterwards.
RIVERS: President Park grew up in this official residents, the Blue House, now as its incumbent she's making the highly symbolic visit to the White House 60 years after the Korean War, a conflict which never technically ended. During that time, America's alliance has been crucial, especially during times of tensions like the last couple of months.
As a lawmaker, Park Geun-hye has met former North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, but so far she's not met his son Kimg Jong-un, a man whose leadership has so far been characterized by this year's rising tensions and aggressive rhetoric towards the United States.
It makes President Park's visit to Washington all the more symbolic, cementing an alliance that was forged 60 years ago during the Korean War. The South Korean government has a slogan for this visit, "bound by trust, forward together."
RIVERS: And that visit, of course, will be dominated by North Korea, or what to do about North Korea. But also there's going to be a lot of talk about increasing trade as well. The United States is a huge trading partner with South Korea. It's South Korea's second biggest trading partner after China. And they've signed a free trade agreement, they want to build on that. So we'll be looking for -- to sort of gauge the chemistry between the two presidents and listen carefully as well for those messages on North Korea. It should also be addressing a special joint session of congress tomorrow, Wednesday, which will be fascinating to hear her talking about six years since the end of the Korean War in 1953.
CHIOU: Yes, it's very much a momentous visit.
And with the backdrop of these mixed signals that we're getting from North Korea, Dan, why are talks between the U.S. and North Korea such a remote possibility at this point?
RIVERS: Well, I suppose it's because in many ways they want completely different things. I mean, you'll remember, though, with the six party talks which kind of broke down in 2008, 20009 that was together with China and Russia and Japan and other powers an attempt to talk about denuclearization and other issues. But North Korea has always wanted one on one talks with the U.S. and that's the last thing the United States wants to get drawn into, mindful that those talks will probably break down.
Why? Well, because obviously North Korea is the last thing it wants to do now is to give up its nuclear program. It's already had another successful nuclear test earlier this year. In terms of the subjects at the six party talks we're talking about energy, sharing energy. Well, America doesn't want to get into that while North Korea is still acting so aggressively. And peace and security, well American again doesn't really want to talk about peace and security until the nukes are taken off the table.
So they've got very different kind of agendas in those talks. And I think until, you know, there's no real way that you can see the two parties coming together on their own and managing to agree on that.
John Kerry, Secretary of State, has sort of said he doesn't want to miss any opportunities, but at the moment the opportunities just don't seem to be there.
CHIOU: Yeah. And with North Korea, just expect the unexpected.
All right, Dan, thank you very much. Dan Rivers live from Seoul.
And still ahead on News Stream, delicate discussions in Russia as the U.S. secretary of state visits. We'll take you live to Moscow.
Plus, it's one of the biggest shopping centers in the world, but there is one thing missing -- shoppers. Go inside China's ghost mall.
And living with climate change. CNN shines a spotlight on the extreme weather affecting all of our lives.
CHIOU: Here on News Stream, we've been closely following the issue of cyber attacks. It has emerged this year as a top point of contention between the U.S. and China. Now the Pentagon is making its harshest accusation yet against Beijing. It comes from this annual report to U.S. lawmakers. It alleges that U.S. government computers are among the numerous networks targeted by hackers, some of which appear to be attributable directly to the Chinese government and military. Remember, back in February, an American cyber security firm linked a prolific hacking group to this highrise in Shanghai which is used by the Chinese military.
We spoke to Mandiant's vice president about this.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GRADY SUMMERS, VICE PRESIDENT, MANDIANT: We know that the Chinese PLA is under the direct authority of the Communist Party of China. It's hard to believe that attacks of this scope, thousands and thousands of attacks originating from one neighborhood in Shanghai and part of the PLA would go without their notice.
So, yes, we believe that the CPC is very aware of this.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHIOU: And since then, U.S. President Barack Obama and other American officials have publicly pointed the finger at China. The subject has come up in talks with the country's new leaders. And Beijing insists it is the victim of cyber attacks and denies all hacking allegations.
So far, there has been no government response to the Pentagon report. But state run Xinhua quotes a military expert who says the groundless accusations reflect the U.S. distrust of China.
Both Beijing and Washington have previously expressed the need to work together to address these cyber attacks.
The U.S. Defense Department also analyzed China's military spending. It believes that Beijing's actual budget is higher than the government reports. The Pentagon says China's lack of transparency surrounding its growing military capabilities and strategic decision making has also increased concerns in the region about China's intentions.
Well, the Syrian Electronic Army is claiming responsibility for a hacking attack on the satirical news website called The Onion. A member of the group told the New York Times that the site was targeted because of this recent parody post focusing on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's human rights record.
Taking control of The Onion's Twitter feed on Monday, the Syrian Electronic Army sent out a series of messages that appeared to mimic the site's satirical style. Now the tweets mocked U.S. policy on Syria and the government of Qatar. And some of the messages included anti-Semetic jokes.
All of the offending tweets have since been removed.
The Syrian Electronic Army has targeted a number of high profile news organizations in recent months. In April, hackers took over the Twitter account of the Associated Press, falsely tweeting that U.S. President Barack Obama had been wounded in a bomb blast.
Now the White House and the Associated Press were quick to point out that the tweet was a fake, but you might remember a brief panic sent the stock markets sharply lower that day.
Well, Syria is bound to be high on the agenda as U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry visits Russia. And let's bring in Nic Robertson now from Moscow from more on the Syria angle.
Nic, Russia backs Bashar al-Assad. The U.S. wants to see him step down from power. So could the U.S. and Russia come closer together on deciding how to actually deal with him?
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, that's certainly how senior state department officials would like to frame the visit that Kerry will come for substantial talks with President Vladimir Putin, those talks due to be underway right now.
They will range further and wider than the topic of Syria, that there will be Afghanistan, that it will involve North Korea, how the countries can better cooperate there, better cooperate on counter terrorism in the wake of the Boston bombings, on trade, on investment, on a multitude of issues. But Syria does seem to be the biggest issue at the moment. And what the State Department officials are saying is they would like to build on past conversations, but neither side here is talking about a breakthrough.
Obviously, the United States has been hugely disappointed in the past when they've proposed and supported UN resolutions at the -- at the UN security council only to have them vetoed by Russia. So undoubtedly the United States will be looking to try to change that kind of thinking here while Secretary of State John Kerry is here in Moscow.
But at the same time, Russia's position hasn't changed. Only yesterday we heard from the Russian spokesman at the foreign ministry here saying that they're concerned, Russia is concerned, that all the discussion about the chemical weapons used by the Assad regime is a pretext and a precursor for possible international intervention and that's the last thing Russia says it wants to see happen in Syria.
So at the moment, both sides are still in their own trenches, if you will. The common ground that we've heard State Department officials talk about this is the Geneva Conference last June where both sides have agreed, United States and Russia and others, agreed that a negotiated solution in Syria is the best way forward, but who convinces who to give up on some of the -- on some of their sort of hard held beliefs. It's not clear at the moment, Pauline.
CHIOU: Nic, I want to jump on the issue of chemical weapons, which you just raised. We've been talking about it for days now. The U.S. says it wants harder evidence. What exactly has Russia been saying about it?
ROBERTSON: Well, Russia sees the fact that the UN's investigator into human rights abuses in Syria, Carla Del Ponte, said that it was possible, possible that in fact chemical weapons agents, the nerve agent sarin gas, have been used by rebels. She suggested that is a possibility. And that did seem to be very quickly picked up here by Syrian -- by the Russian foreign ministry.
And they've put their position forward again that they think that the UN security council is taking way too long to respond to Syria's initial call that there should be some investigations. They say that these investigations should be done under the umbrella of the UN, but they should be independent. And of course we've heard the United States saying that Syria should allow in a team of UN inspectors. Of course, those UN inspectors would like to view more than this one incident that Bashar al- Assad wants to invite them into Syria for.
So even though United States and Russia have a similar language on chemical weapons, the United States not clear, wants more information, they're still in -- they're still in different positions, if you will. The Russians support Assad, you know, one -- it appears an investigation over one incident that Assad wants investigated. The United States wants broader investigations into multiple, or at least several alleged uses of chemical warfare agents, Pauline.
Nic, we know you'll be following these talks very closely. Nic Robertson is covering the Secretary of State John Kerry's visit to Moscow. Thank you, Nick.
In other news now, a friend of the Boston bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was released from custody on $100,000 bond. Robel Phillipos must be monitored electronically and remain in his mother's custody. He's charged with lying to federal investigators in that terrorism investigation.
Authorities in Boston have said that the body of the alleged bomber, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, is not welcome there. Now a controversy is brewing about where the deceased suspect should go. Gary Tuchman takes a look at the surprisingly difficult ordeal of burying the notorious.
GARY TUCHMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Protesters are putting on the pressure, picketing outside a funeral home near Boston to say don't bury Tamerlan Tsarnaev here. One side says, "buy the garbage in the landfill."
The funeral home director who currently has the body isn't sure what he should do next.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What do we do with this guy?
TUCHMAN: One alternative, cremation. Some of America's most notorious criminals like Timothy McVeigh, Jeffery Dalmer, and Ted Bundy were cremated. Serial killer Bundy's ashes were scattered in undisclosed location in Washington State. The ashes of serial child killer and cannibal Jeffrey Dalmer, who was beaten to death by an inmate, were shared between his parents.
Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh, who was executed in the federal death chamber in Indiana, had his ashes scattered in an undisclosed location by his lawyer.
And further back in history there's Adolf Hitler. After he killed himself in 1945, his body was burned by Soviet forces, leaving no trace.
But for a Muslim, cremation is not an option, according to experts.
AKBAR AHMED, ISLAMIC STUDIES CHAIR, AMERICAN UNIVERSITY: Cremation is not only not allowed, but it's actually forbidden. So cremation would mean that something happened to this man which would be outside the bonds of Islam itself and that would be controversial certainly in some circles.
TUCHMAN: Another possibility, burial at sea. That was used for Osama bin Laden after he was killed by U.S. special forces. The advantage, no marked grave, nowhere for protesters or supporters to find him. Which brings us back to burial. After the execution of Saddam Hussein, he was buried, but in relatively friendly territory near his hometown of Tikrit.
John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated President Lincoln, is buried in the family plot in Baltimore, although his resting place is not individually marked.
Lee Harvey Oswald, who assassinated President Kennedy, is buried in a marked grave in Ft. Worth, Texas, but he hasn't exactly rested in peace. His original tombstone was stolen and his original coffin was auctioned.
And then there's a strange case of another horrible man, John Wayne Gacy. Convicted of killing at least 33 boys and young men in the Chicago area, his family has always been ambiguous about whether he was cremated or buried. And to this day, it's still not publicly known.
Gary Tuchman, CNN, New York.
CHIOU: You may have heard the saying if you build it, they will come. But that doesn't apply to this Chinese mall. Next on News Stream, we'll visit a record sized shopping center with possibly record low business.
CHIOU: You're watching News Stream. And you're looking at a visual version of all the stories in our show. Earlier, we told you the bizarre story of three women who were found after going missing for a decade. Now let's take you to southern China and what was thought of as a monumental feat when it first opened back in 2005. With five million square feet of shopping space, the New South China Mall was billed as a shoppers' paradise. It has room for 2,350 stores, making it the largest shopping center in the world in terms of leaseable space. But there's one big problem. Ivan Watson explains.
IVAN WATSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: From the outside, this place looks like a festive boomtown, but the view inside is very, very different.
Take a look at this, this is the New South China Mall. When it opened more than five years ago, it was promoted as the world's largest shopping mall. But look at it today, the escalators are covered with sheets, the elevators aren't even working and it is virtually deserted, a ghost mall some people call it.
There are almost no shops open in this entire place. In fact, it looks like there are very, very few retail tenets operating any businesses here at all. The ground is littered with garbage. And it smells like a lot of people have been using this place as a giant public bathroom.
It's here in this eery urban landscape that we stumble across two Taiwanese businessmen who say the timing was bad for the New South China Mall.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): You can't say just because you build it, it will work. You have to have enough demand first.
WATSON: The businessmen say they're negotiating a deal to turn the failed shopping mall into an office park.
It's too early to say whether or not these Taiwanese businessmen will succeed in turning what was supposed to be a Venetian inspired shopping experience into a profitable office center.
But it's important to note this is not the first ghost mall we've seen in China. These are perhaps an example of what happens when an economy tries to grow too big, too fast. You're bound to get some pretty big mistakes along the way.
Ivan Watson, CNN, Dongguan in Southern China.
CHIOU: And you are watching News Stream. Coming up, from the food on your table to your health, weather plays a big part in your daily life. We'll examine the critical issue of climate change and its impact on our world.
CHIOU: I'm Pauline Chiou in Hong Kong and you are watching News Stream. These are your world headlines that we're following.
Three American women have been found alive 10 years after they disappeared in the U.S. state of Ohio. Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight all disappeared between 2002 and 2004 when they were between the ages of 14 and 19. Berry raise the alarm after a neighbor helped her escape from the house in Cleveland where they had apparently been kept for the past decade. A hospital spokeswoman says all three women have now been released to their families.
North Korea is threatening military action if, quote, "even a single shell from U.S. and South Korean naval drills falls in its waters." The threat follows a period of tense calm on the Korean peninsula. And comes as South Korea's president meets her American counterpart in Washington.
The death toll from the collapse of that factory building in Bangladesh has risen above 700, that's according to authorities in the capital Dhaka. Rescuers are still searching for more bodies. And they don't know how many they might find. Bangladesh has come under international pressure to improve worker safety.
China has warned Israel over claims that Israeli forces carried out airstrikes in Syria saying the sovereignty of any country should be respected. Israel's prime minister is on a five day visit to China. And it follows a deadly attack near Damascus. The Syrian government says Israel was responsible.
It is May, but parts of the U.S. Midwest are still covered in snow while parts of India are experiencing extreme heat and the worst drought in 40 years. So what exactly is going on? Does climate change have something to do with it?
Jenny Harrison takes a look.
JENNY HARRISON, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Well, climate change has already shown signs of really impacting our weather patterns, changes in frequency, the intensity, and also the location of some of this extreme weather that we talk about. So let's have a look first of all at drought and heat waves. Definitely we've seen increase in temperatures, also the evaporation, so this is what we talk about when we talk, of course, about the drought, but he heat waves, the extensive heat waves, and also the severity of some of the droughts around the world.
And in fact, since 1950, the number of heat waves has really increased around the world and also the extent of the drought, the regions has really extended. It's affecting many, many more areas around the world.
And when we talk about heat waves, in Russia in 2010 we saw some of the highest temperatures there ever recorded. It lasted for weeks. And also the overnight temperatures during the heat waves. They are higher than they have ever been as well. There's no respite from the heat.
Now, during a warmer climate, we also see believe it or not, an increase in the moisture going up into the air. Once it's up there, it has got to come down. This is when we see this flash flooding that occurs and also some very heavy amounts of rain. For example, in Beijing in 2012 we saw some incredible flash floods.
So what we tend to see, even though you might actually have less annual rainfall throughout the year, we have some really extreme rain events. So it comes down in a very, very short period of time. For example, April of this year, 2013 in Buenos Aires, we saw again some flash floods, some incredible amounts of rain that came down in a very short period of time. That is likely to become more frequent around the world.
CHIOU: And let's get more on the issue of climate change right now. Mari Ramos is live at the world weather center with more. And Mari, we can just see how climate change is affecting the world when you look at the glaciers in Alaska to the glacier on top of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. It's really having a serious affect, isn't it?
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Well, I think one of the things that's kind of like helped put it in perspective is that many times when we talk about climate change people are thinking well that's not something that's really maybe affecting me right away or that's something that is affecting only those glaciers up in Mount Kilimanjaro or the ones in Mexico City or the ones in Alaska, or the polar bears are the ones that are having a hard time, but it's not really happening to me, right?
Well, that's not necessarily true. And scientists more and more are saying we really need to start paying attention, or pay more attention to what our life is going to be like as we learn to live with these conditions, living with climate change -- more severe weather, more flooding as Jenny was just explaining, or maybe increasing the severity of the droughts.
One of the main things that we look at in this is the temperature. And this map is a little bit different, but what I'm showing you is the global temperatures from 1950 to 2012. And the areas in red are areas that are above average temperature. And the areas -- or at least for that period of time -- the areas in blue are areas below average temperature.
I'm going to go ahead and put it in motion. And you'll see that the year kind of moving through here.
So you have these variables from year to year. So we're looking at this long period of time happening very, very quickly. But notice as we get into the 80s and 90s, a lot more orange and yellows begin to show up on the map. That is something that scientists are saying these temperature anomalies, this increase in temperature, is very marked and it is taking a toll.
Let me give you another example, another way to look at this. According to a survey from the National Science Foundation, covering the past 11,000 years at 73 different places, and they're able to look at this by studying the trees, the ground, the grasses, whatever is left below the ground and the different layers of soil, they show a rate of warming since the 1900s is 50 times faster than previous rates of change. That's extremely significant. And that indicates that recent warming has been caused by humans and not necessarily it's a natural cycle like a lot of people -- a lot of us tend to say sometimes. Maybe it's just a cycle that the Earth is going through. They're saying, no, this probably has a lot to do more with actual humans having something to do with this. And the global temperature can go up even higher.
This poses huge problems, especially for developing countries such as India. Let's listen.
SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: I'm Sumnima Udas in New Delhi. More than 1,000 new cars are added to the streets of this city every day, increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the already heavily polluted atmosphere. This is the number one concern not just for environmentalists, but also for the 20 million people living in the city.
Various studies have shown CO2 levels in the air have gone up significantly and that the changing climate is altering monsoon rain patterns in India, which in turn is affecting harvest periods for farmers and food security.
Delhi has been trying to reduce its impact on the environment. They've built a state of the art metro system, all the public buses run on compressed natural gas, but still mobility in this city is not easy without some sort of vehicle. And environmentalists say this is what the country really needs to work on.
RAMOS: Yeah, every country has its own challenges when it comes to learning how to live with climate change. And those things of extreme whether with more carbon dioxide in the air as we were listening in that report, that makes more people more vulnerable to these kinds of problems in megacities like New Delhi, for example, or areas where you have large coastal populations.
Developing countries tend to be the most vulnerable in this, Pauline, and the main reason for that is that when you talk about natural disasters, more than 95 percent of the deaths occur in these developing countries and that's extremely important.
The other thing is, economic losses make up a larger portion of the GDP, so it takes longer for these people to recover. Cuba is a good example.
PATRICK OPPMANN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Here in Cuba, like many island nations, there's increasing concern over the impacts of global warming. Cuban scientists estimate that by the end of this century, sea levels here could rise by as much as 30 inches, which would wreck havoc in low lying coastal communities.
And already over the last several years, Cubans have had to deal with record droughts and powerful hurricanes, signs some people say, the effects of global warming.
And former Cuban President Fidel Castro is among those here saying that if Cuba and the world don't reevaluate how they deal with climate change, some of these impacts may soon become irreversible.
Patrick Oppmann, CNN, Havana.
RAMOS: So as you can see, Pauline, this is not something that, you know, is only happening to the polar bears really far away -- in case you don't care about polar bears, for example. This is something that all of us are starting to feel and notice as this climate changes and we become more vulnerable in our big cities and our small cities and developing nations and big industrial nations even here like the U.S.
Back to you.
CHIOU: That was a fabulous segment, Mari, from how it impacts places like India all the way to Cuba, very interesting. Thank you so much, Mari.
RAMOS: Thank you.
CHIOU: Now to other news now. Keeping children safe at school is of greater concern following the massacre at Sandy Hook elementary school in the United States. As CNN's Rafael Romo reports, one manufacturer is working on what it says is a partial solution that could give parents some peace of mind.
RAFAEL ROMO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Coming soon to your child's school, a bulletproof backpack. This Colombian manufacturer says he has created the V-back. It's a combination of a bulletproof vest and a bulletproof backpack for school children.
MIGUEL CABALLERO, COLOMBIAN MANUFACTURER (through translator): We've shot at it with a 9mm handgun up to .44 caliber guns, and it resists the impact. The product is designed to absorb the impact. Our goal has been to minimize the risk to the child.
ROMO: Manufacturer Miguel Caballero has made a name for himself making bulletproof clothing for heads of state and celebrities. But he says parents started inquiring about protection for children after the Newtown massacre. He's also created a bulletproof vest that can be stored in classrooms.
CABALLERO (through translator): In an emergency, this vest would be handed out by teachers, so the risk would be minimized in the event of an attack.
ROMO (on camera): The V-back is not yet available for sale. Caballero says they will probably sell for anywhere between $200 and $300 when available. And if they sell well in Colombia, he will try to export the concept to the United States.
(voice-over): Other manufacturers are also getting into this market. In San Antonio, Texas, Mike Taylor has come up with this bulletproof shield, also inspired, he says, by the tragedy at Sandy Hook elementary.
MIKE TAYLOR, SAN ANTONIO INVESTOR: If they would have had something like this in their hands, some type of defense, any kind of defense, those children didn't have to die.
ROMO: And the new top Amendment II, a company that makes body armor for the military and police officers, has designed a bulletproof backpack that sells for as much as $300.
RICH BRAND, AMENDMENT II: Things came up as thing happened at schools. Children need protection as well.
ROMO: Unclear as yet whether parents will be persuaded to send their kids to school wearing body armor.
Rafael Romo, CNN, Atlanta.
CHIOU: A world sport update is just ahead. On the night LeBron James receives his award as the NBA's best player yet again, the Heat come up against some Bullish opposition.
CHIOU: This week on Leading Women, we introduce you to Ellen Kullman, the chairwoman and CEO of DuPont. She is one of only 21 women running a Fortune 500 company. And as Poppy Harlow found out, that involves a lot of travel and a lot of talk.
POPPY HARLOW, CNN CORRESPONDENT: She's a woman with a plan and a vision.
ELLEN KULLMAN, CEO, DUPONT: Change isn't something that happens to you, change is something you do to make things happen.
HARLOW: Important qualities in a leader of a company more than 200 years old, constantly forced to adapt to an ever changing technological and economic landscape.
KULLMAN: Certainly the four years I've been CEO has been marked with quite a substantial uncertainty in the marketplace.
HARLOW: Ellen Kullman took the reigns of chemical megacorporation DuPont in 2009, a company that got its start producing gun powder in 1802 and now has its hand of thousands of products from Kevlar to air filters.
She became CEO at the height of the financial crisis.
KULLMAN: 70,000 people are looking up saying what do we do? Where do we go? What's going to make a difference? So much fear and so much uncertainty.
And, you know, I went back to basics. Focus on what we can control.
HARLOW: DuPont operates in more than 90 countries, which means Kullman is always on the move. A few months before she gave this speech in Durham, North Carolina, we caught up with her in Davos, Switzerland.
Walk us through a day in your life at DuPont. What is it like?
KULLMAN: You know, they're very full. Earlier this week, you know, I -- we had our earnings call. We're talking with media. We're talking to investors. And I went from there to do two videos for meetings I couldn't attend for our groups that I wanted to send specific messages then went into a ballroom full of 400 of our top leaders from operations from around the world and talked to them about 2013.
HARLOW: And then you get on a plane and fly to Davos.
KULLMAN: And that's when I think, plane time historically has been my time to kind of just think. And catch up on things and read and say what are we doing well, what are areas that we should focus on?
HARLOW: Back at Duke University in North Carolina, she's hoping to inspire the next generation of leaders. Kullman was once a student in her hometown of Wilmington, Delaware. And it was a history teacher in high school who inspired her.
KULLMAN: He helped me see that by majoring in science, and engineering specifically, that it would open doors, not narrow would I do.
HARLOW: If it weren't for your history teacher encouraging you, do you think you'd be in this position today?
KULLMAN: Absolutely not.
KULLMAN: No, I don't.
HARLOW: Her philosophy on work and life is one of no regrets and that balancing? She thinks it doesn't exist.
KULLMAN: It was always a give and take. It was always something that works 24 hours, seven days a week and my family is 24 hours, seven days a week. And somewhere in there you figure it out.
CHIOU: And she is one of our Leading Women.
Well, you're watching News Stream. You're sports update is just ahead. Plus, the talent behind film trailers. You might want to think twice about skipping them at the cinema after how much effort goes into that minute of movie magic.
CHIOU: An appeals court has ruled that preliminary corruption charges against Spain's Princess Cristina will be dropped. It found there is insufficient evidence to bring the charges. Now the princess' husband already faces preliminary charges in this scandal. He's accused of diverting public funds earmarked for his nonprofit foundation to private use, but he denies any wrongdoing.
The eight remaining teams in the NBA playoffs have now all played at least one game in the latest round. And there have been some big surprises. Alex Thomas is live at CNN Center will all of the details. Hello, Alex.
ALEX THOMAS, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Yeah, hi Pauline. With star player Derrick Rose injured, most of us keep writing off the Chicago Bulls' chances of becoming NBA champions, but we may have to think again after they produced a bit of a shock win, you could describe it in game one of the Eastern Conference semis beating the current title holders. NBA MVP LeBron James and the Miami Heat were hot favorites, the team with the best regular season record, 39-4 at home, 41 wins out of 43 before last night's loss.
The Heat by two in the fourth, James making that as part of his 24 point haul. Slowly the balls edging ahead, though. Jimmy Butler marking LeBron well and scoring 21 points himself. And let's take a look at Nate Robinson in the final minute of the game. He racked up six -- a game high 27 points. Chicago's fourth quarter surging ceding a 93-86 victory in Miami. They stay in Florida for game two on Wednesday.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JIMMY BUTLER, 21 POINTS, 14 ROUNDS IN GAME 1: I feel like our team, the character that we believe that we have it's all about being tough, you know. We're always going to be the underdogs. And we take pride in that. You know, everybody can overlook us, but we feel like we're good enough to hang with a lot of these teams.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
THOMAS: In the West, Steph Curry and the Warriors were looking to upset Tim Duncan and the Spurs the same way they'd surprisingly taken out the Nuggets in the previous round and they led by 18 points at one stage before a desperate comeback from the Spurs. Manu Ginobili and Danny Greeen combining for that late three. This one into overtime then. Curry with a massive game-high 44 points and 11 assists, getting it is Kent Bazemore here as the Warriors go ahead in the second period of overtime.
But it was San Antonio's Argentine star Ginobili who produced the bit of magic that sealed the game, a 129-127 win. And the coach was just left shaking his head.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GREGG POPOVICH, SPURS HEAD COACH: I went from trading him on the spot to wanting to cook him breakfast tomorrow. That's the truth. And when I talk to him, I say Manu. He goes, this is what I do. That's what he's going to tell me. So, I stopped coaching him a long time ago.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
THOMAS: Football's world governing body has provisionally suspended American Chuck Blazer, a former corruption whistleblower and FIFA executive committee member has been found guilty of breaching the organization's ethics code. And he's been banned from the sport for 90 days.
I'll bring you much more NBA analysis in World Sport in just over three hours time. For now, though, Pauline, back to you.
CHIOU: OK. We look forward to more sports. Thanks so much, Alex.
Well, they are rarely more than two minutes long, but they can have a huge impact on how a movie does at the box office. Now I'm talking about movie trailers. I love them. And as Jake Tapper reports, they even have an awards ceremony.
JAKE TAPPER, CNN ANCHOR: In a world where movie theatre trailers compete for glory, only one can come out victorious. OK, I won't do the voice anymore. But the truth is, movie theatre previews are considered their own separate art form. There's even an award for them, much like the Oscars.
(voice-over): In 70 categories and with a shiny trailer statue, previews like these --
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I told myself I would never come back.
TAPPER: Were recognized Friday night at the Golden Trailer Awards in Hollywood. "Iron Man 3" took home the top prize for this intense entry.
And if their dream was to win for best music, the producers of the "Les Mis" promo, well, they achieved it. And the best voice over went to this unique ad for a film called "John Dies At The End."
SAM THIELMAN, STAFF WRITER, ADWEEK: It helps to have big, bombastic music and helps to show the audience something that they think they've already seen before and liked. And it's great to have a superhero attached to it.
TAPPER: These previews may only last a minute or so, but rest assured, they can make or break a two-hour feature.
THIELMAN: The industry is mammoth. It's huge. I think the average marketing budget for a movie is $30 million. A whole lot of that is trailer.
TAPPER: As with Breakfast at Tiffanys, E.T. and Jaws, movie posters are not just an in theatre afterthought either.
THIELMAN: Movie memorabilia culture has become so huge thing now. You know, people go to movie theatres and beg for those giant one sheet that sit in the window, I think the better those pictures look, the more likely they are to end up where somebody buys the DVDs or goes to see the movie a third time.
TAPPER: The next time you feel like fast-forwarding through the previews, take a second, watch. You might be skipping over an award winner.
(on camera): Of course, the true measure of a successful trailer is whether it actually convinces people to go see the movie. And in the case of "Iron Man 3," mission accomplished, in historic fashion, that movie had the second biggest opening in Hollywood history, just behind another comic book blockbuster The Avengers.
Jack Tapper, CNN, Washington.
CHIOU: I'm actually going to see Iron Man III in about one hour from now.
Well, earlier we told you about that hack attack on the Twitter feed of The Onion, a satirical news website. A group calling itself the Syrian Electronic Army has claimed responsibility. Well, we couldn't end today's show without showing you The Onion's typically tongue-in-cheek response. It tweeted this, "Onion Twitter password changed to OnionMAN77." The Onion is of course flouting internet safety guidance which advises computer users to keep their passwords private.
The site also posted tips on how to prevent major media sites from being hacked. First on the list, fire your IT guy. But it ends with this piece of internet wisdom, quote, "remember that worst comes to worse, it's just a tweet and it's not like anyone's ever had to apologize for a tweet before."
And on that note this is News Stream, but the news continues right here at CNN. World Business Today is coming up next.