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Alex Ferguson To Retire After Season; Ray Harryhausen Dies At 92; How Will 3D Printing Change Future; Climate Change Could Worsen Allergies; Tech Blogger Unplugs For A Year; Internet Goes Down In Syria
Aired May 8, 2013 - 08:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong and welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.
Alex Ferguson retires as manager of Manchester United after almost 27 years at the top of world football.
Syria goes dark online as the country is cut off from the internet again.
And the movie industry pays tribute to the man hailed as the father of special effects after the death of movie pioneer Ray Harryhausen.
Now for 27 years, he won virtually every trophy in club football and now the manager of one of the most popular clubs in the world's most popular sport is stepping down. Manchester United has announced that manager Alex Ferguson will retire at the end of the season.
Now the easiest way to show what a global story it is, he's right here. It's a heat map of everyone who has tweeted with the #thankyousiralex. You can see from the clusters of light, that those tweets have come from virtually every region around the world.
Manchester United had millions of fans across the globe.
Now let's get more now on Alex Ferguson from someone who has followed him very closely during his career, World Sport's Alex Thomas. He joins me now live from CNN Center.
And Alex, he has over 30 trophies. He has millions of fans across the world, but what will be his legacy?
ALEX THOMAS, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Alex Ferguson will simply go down as one of the greatest football coaches the sport has ever seen. Although he has won more trophies than any manager in the English game history, which goes back hundreds of years, you could argue, or well over 100 years. He won't go down as the most successful manager ever in terms of trophies, but that's not going to stop many people putting him possibly top of their list, certainly in the top three.
It's almost impossible to state what a colossus he's been on the world football stage, because although he hasn't gone to manage in other countries outside the UK, he has had his reputation extend far beyond the borders of just that country, you know, he's liked, and popular, and respected across all the other top clubs in Europe that are really the pinnacle of the sport at the club football level. And also, in your neck of the woods, Kristie, in Asia. He's been instrumental in Manchester United's commercial drive into that part of the world.
And he's been happy to kind of help the directors and the marketing men at Manchester United extend Manchester United's popularity when he took over from them in -- took over the club in 1986, became their manager. They were a famous name, but they certainly weren't anywhere near the global sports franchise that they are today. And that's all down to Sir Alex Ferguson.
LU STOUT: You're right, it is a global franchise, a brand very big here in Asia. You call him a colossus of the sport. But why now, why did Ferguson feel now is the right time to retire?
THOMAS: That's the million dollar question and one that we simply don't know the answer to. I can read you some of the statement that released earlier today, "the decision to retire," Sir Alex said, "is one that I've thought a great deal about and one that I have not taken lightly. It is the right time."
But that's as much as he says. He doesn't say -- he tells us he's thought a lot about it, but he hasn't said exactly why. He is 71-years- old, but he's still in good health, although he has to have a replacement hip operation later in the year. But he's had a heart, pacemaker fitted since 2004. And that hasn't seem to slow him down.
He did announce once that he would step down, but then he changed his mind. He didn't actually leave the club. And he's since gone on to produce not just one championship winning side, but at least half a dozen. And it's his ability to move with the times as well as his success on the pitch which marks him out as absolutely unique, Kristie.
LU STOUT: And what made him such a successful manager. I mean, what qualities does Alex Ferguson have as a leader and an icon in English football?
THOMAS: So many factors? Let's start with professionalism. As I say, when he came to Manchester United in 1986, they were a famous club, they could still win FA Cups and the like, but they hadn't had that sustained success that Liverpool had. At the time he took over, Liverpool were the club not just in English football but across Europe. They'd won the European Cup as it was then, now the Champions League far more times than the other English club in history, but also won far more league championships than ever before. Now, Sir Alex Ferguson leaves, Manchester United have been crowned English football champions 20 times, Liverpool just 18 times.
So that's the way he's changed Manchester United. There was a bit of a drinking culture amongst players at the club that he eradicated. He prepares absolutely thoroughly. Many of the ex-players we've been speaking to in our rolling coverage earlier today, Kristie, have talked about how he's a father figure, very strict at times, but also putting a fatherly arm around players' shoulders when they needed it.
So many ex-players that have gone on to leave the club -- Christiano Ronaldo, David Beckham, Ruud Van Nistelrooy, Jack Stamm (ph), even players that he's fallen out with barely have a bad word to say about Ferguson. They all agree later on that he was right to treat them that way and they always appreciate when they go to other clubs how well he runs Manchester United.
And one person that knows that even better than me is former football association executive director David Davis who joins us now from our London studio.
David, lovely to speak to you. I know that Manchester United is very close to your heart. It's absolutely the end of an era, isn't it?
DAVID DAVIS, FRM. ENGLISH FA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: Very much the end of an era. I was lucky enough over the years to get to know a little -- so Matt Busby. And then, of course, Bill Shankly and Bob Paisley at Liverpool and the late Sir Bobby Robson as well.
As far as British managers are concerned, I have to say I put Ferguson absolutely at the very top of this generation and any generation.
And you talk about his man management. And the players, of course, talk about his man management. People may have heard the expression the Ferguson hair dryer treatment. Well, actually one of the things that I heard from a succession of players was that he used to update the hair dryer. And things that he did in the early years going back right back to 1986 were -- he did a rather different way when you were dealing with the multimillionaires of this generation.
THOMAS: And that is so remarkable, isn't it, how he's managed to adapt his tactics. We know so many other managers that were just as good as Fergie back in the 1980s that have since faded by the wayside, slipped quietly and gracefully into retirement, but Ferguson has changed with the times. Is that part of his legacy too?
DAVIS: He surrounded himself with good people, with good coaches. Yes, English coaches, but also foreign coaches as well. And he learned. He listened to other people.
You know, there's an image of, you know, the tough, gruff exterior of Ferguson sometimes, but he was also a very good listener and a very good person and great fun to be with on many, many occasions from my point of view. I had my ups and downs with him. My goodness, I did with the FA, but at the end of the day I like to think our relationship survived and, you know, I have the highest regard for him.
THOMAS: Yeah, I don't want to dwell on the negative side. It's quite right that -- it's actually got funeral, our coverage at times, David, because so many people are shocked and saddened that we're going to talk about a Manchester United next season without Sir Alex Ferguson.
But it's right to address that sort of darker side of him, too, because it's part of what made the myth. How hard was he to deal when you were part of English football's governing body. And he's a manager of one club, but a hugely influential one.
DAVIS: Let's be quite clear, Manchester United helped England over the years and Sir Alex Ferguson helped England over the years by nurturing and bringing through some really good young England players who performed very well not just for Manchester United, but for their country. And he was very clear, he was very helpful always when you had big competitive games and tournaments coming up.
Yes, he was less keen on friendly matches. And he expressed his views around those times pretty forcibly, but you know he was, as I say, from my point of view, even though you know I had the hair dryer treatment a few times, I enjoyed -- I've always enjoyed his company. And the contribution that he's made, you've spelled it out very clearly, Alex, when he came to Manchester United in 1986 Liverpool had had years and years of dominance. And it was a very difficult time in English football. And eventually, you know, in the first year of the Premier League he won that elusive championship. And what's happened since has been simply extraordinary.
I know he would have wanted to have won more Champion's Leagues, but it didn't happen. Having said all that, the night in Barcelona and the night in Moscow were two occasions that Manchester United supporters will tell you were worth everything.
THOMAS: Yeah. And is it typical as well, for Alex Ferguson is that here we are in the modern 24 hour news age and he makes a statement and then goes off to Chester race course with his players?
DAVIS: Well, it is typical. But he will say to you, he's got a very important game coming up on Sunday that, yes, they've won the championship, but they want to get the most points they can do, they can achieve. And, you know, my mind goes back to 2002 when I happened to be up at Old Trafford I think for a draw for an FA competition or something like that. And I was in his office and I had the temerity to say to him, "whatever you do, get your departure right." And we were talking about other people in public life, not necessarily in football, not necessarily in the UK who hadn't got their departure right. And a few months later, he announced of course he was going to step down. Two months after that, three months after that or something he recognized it was the wrong decision for him.
He now says this is the right time. And he is going out on a huge high. And next Sunday at Old Trafford and the following Sunday at West Bromich Albion, his very last game, will be very emotional occasions, I'm sure.
THOMAS: Yeah, absolutely. David Davis, former FA executive director, thanks for your time on CNN.
So there you have it Kristie, Sir Alex Ferguson is on his way out. It's till left us shaking our heads with amazement, what a servant to the game of football he's been.
LU STOUT: ...David Davis saying how Sir Alex was a man who listened and learned from others. Wonderful interview there. Alex Thomas, thank you.
Now we've talked about how many trophies Alex Ferguson has won at Manchester United, but let's take a look at them. Here is Ferguson pictured with many of his 38 trophies, including 13 Premier League titles, five FA Cups. And he's one of the few managers who have won two Champion's League titles.
Now, let's go to a big story coming out of the U.S. The three American women released after being held captive for a decade have been reunited with their families. And coming up right here on News Stream, we will have reaction from the community in Cleveland, Ohio.
Also ahead on the program, climate change is set to make things worse for seasonal allergy sufferers. Mari Ramos will be here to explain why.
And remembering a pioneer in movie magic, animator Ray Harryhausen passes away.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
And let's turn to Syria. The internet has played a critical role in the country's long civil war, but Syria is currently cut off from the web. Now Syrian media report that the outage is because of an optic cable malfunction and quotes a communication cable malfunction and quotes a communications official who says repairs are underway to, quote, restore service as soon as possible.
Now several global monitoring sites say that the outage started more than 17 hours ago. And here on Google's transparency report you can see the sharp drop in access. And the research firm Renesys says all four of Syria's service providers stopped working at the exact same time.
Now the last outage like this happened in November. At the time, the U.S. ambassador to Syria explained what was going on.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ROBERT FORD, U.S. AMBSSADOR TO SYRIA: The Syrian government has been monitoring it for years. They have been using the internet with Iranian assistance to track opposition activists, arrest and kill them. That is the reason why in our non-lethal assistance to the Syrian opposition we put a special emphasis on communications equipment, precisely to help the Syrian people tell the world what is going on inside Syria.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Now Ambassador Ford went on to say that much of the footage seen on the news comes from U.S. provided communication equipment. From video posted on YouTube showing purported government shelling to live streams of large protests, images like these shed light on the conflict.
Now Syria had restricted access to foreign journalists, but our Frederik Pleitgen is in Damascus right now and he joins us live.
And Fred, what is the status of the outage. Can you access the internet right now?
FRED PLEITGEN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Kristie. Now, we can't. The internet, as you said, went out about 10:00 pm local time here yesterday. And we tried in the middle of the night to access the internet, that of course didn't work either. And one of the things that that led to was of course increased (inaudible) that said that just now the Syrian government has come out and said that this apparently is because of a severed cable here in Syria.
However the people were thinking that this might be due to some sort of government offensive or something, that it might be due to fighting. And it was something that did lead to a lot of uncertainty.
We were phoning around Damascus last night, the people that we know and asked them what (inaudible) all of them said that the internet simply vanished. And it was interesting, because you would get sort of a wi-fi signal in certain places, but you wouldn't actually be able to access the internet from that signal.
One of the other things that's also been an issue since all of this has started with these internet problems is that phones have been much more difficult than they were before. It's much more difficult to call, especially abroad -- calling the United States, calling Europe has become much harder. So it just adds that level of uncertainty.
One of the things that we have to keep in mind, Kristie, is that this has been a very difficult week for people here in Damascus. They had several bombings, big bombings that went on, then they had that big Israeli airstrike. Now they've lost the internet, so a lot of people are getting a much more uneasy feeling than they would have had in past weeks just with all of the things that has happened in the past eight days, Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yeah, I can only imagine.
And Fred, since the outage took place, has there been any uptick in violence inside Syria?
PLEITGEN: Well, that's a very good question, because one of the things that people were thinking is that maybe -- although it would have been some sort of government offensive to go along with this internet outage, there was some speculation last week that perhaps the government might try to shut the internet down to sort of cover its offensive and to try and prevent information from getting out.
From being here, and from the limited access to information that we do have, it doesn't appear as though there is an uptick to violence, at least in the past 24 hours. In fact, it's probably a little more quiet than it has been in the past couple of days. It's really been since we've seen that Israeli strike on that big military facility, we've heard a lot less gunfire and we've heard a lot less shelling.
It appears to us as though, and this is just us sort of trying to put one and one together, it seems to us as though the Syrian military is at this point looking at tools, trying to regroup, because one of the things that we have to keep in mind is that before that strike happens, they were on the offensive, they felt they were gaining ground. They were making specific gains, along with the Damascus countryside also in strategic places like Homs. And they acknowledge to us that a lot of those gains were now back up for grabs, because they had taken such a big hit from that Israeli strike on that facility that appears to us to have destroyed a lot of munition, a lot of rockets and missiles. But of course the Syria military might have wanted to use on the battlefield, Kristie.
LU STOUT: All right, Frederik Pleitgen joining us live on the line from Damascus, thank you.
Now to the U.S. now and neighbors living on Seymour Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio are asking themselves how they could have not noticed what was going on in this house for years. This is where three missing women were found alive on Monday night. And the first says she was kidnapped more than 10 years ago.
Now the owner of the house and his two brothers are under arrest and awaiting charges. The three women have been released from hospital and have been reunited with their families.
Now Martin Savage is in Cleveland with the very latest.
MARTIN SAVIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The investigators scour the home on Seymour Avenue, searching for evidence in this house of horrors. Throughout the day and late into the night, FBI agents meticulously search, removing the front door, searching the crawl space, carting away a red pickup and a jeep.
At one point, bringing in a cadaver dog. It's not known what if anything the dog found, the FBI taking the lead in the search.
DET. JENNIFER CIACCIA, CLEVELAND P.D.: This is just the tip of the iceberg this investigation will take a very long time.
SAVIDGE: The three suspects, 52-year-old Ariel Castro, his brothers Pedro and Onil behind bars. They will face more interrogation today.
Authorities have 48 hours to file charges, and that window closes later tonight.
In the neighborhood, residents are still celebrating the jubilance tempered with shock and disbelief.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Unreal.
TITO DEJESUS, FRIEND OF ARIEL CASTRO: I know who lived there. They panned the camera to his house. It's like I turned white. My wife told me, what was wrong? Are you OK? I was like, I was dumbfounded.
SAVIDGE: Away from the cameras, Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight, the three women who endured a decade of captivity trying to piece their shattered lives back together.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is a miracle, a very, very large miracle. And we're all excited.
SAVIDGE: And in Tennessee -- Amanda Berry's grandmother got a very important phone call from the granddaughter she hasn't seen in years.
AMANDA BERRY, KIDNAPPING VICTIM: Hello?
BERRY: Yes, grandma.
GENTRY: Yes, how are you?
SAVIDGE: A giant step in trying to close the door on this house of horrors.
LU STOUT: Martin Savidge reporting there.
Now Pakistan's general election is just three days away, but one of the main candidates has been sidelined from the campaign trail. Imran Khan was riding a forklift up to a stage when he and his guards lost their balance and they fell 20 feet. It happened at a political rally in Lahore. His guards were not hurt, but Khan, he suffered spinal fractures and a head injury. And from hospital, Khan encouraged people to vote in Saturday's election.
The former cricket star is considered one of two frontrunners to become Pakistan's prime minister. His rival Nawaz Sharif announced he has postponed his campaign out of respect for Khan.
You're watching News Stream. And still ahead, many of us take internet access for granted, but one man went offline for a full year. Find out what Paul Miller learned while he was unplugged.
LU STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong. You're back watching News Stream.
Good-bye internet and with those words, Paul Miller cut himself off from the online world for one year. Now he is a senior editor for the tech website The Verge. Those 365 days have now passed, but lets remind you of the rules. Now he could not browse the web, not even over somebody's shoulder. No Netflix or any other form of streaming media. No online banking. And no text messaging.
In case you were wondering, he kept his job by delivering his work via thumb drives.
Paul joins us now from CNN New York. Paul, it's good to see you. You've been internet free for one whole year. How did that experience change you?
PAUL MILLER, EDITOR, THE VERGE: Probably a lot of ways, but maybe not in enough ways. I wanted to be so much better of a person and so productive and so awesome. And I'm still kind of the same person, but I do think I learned a lot.
LU STOUT: OK. Not truly the completely transformative experience, but lessons learned here. And I'm curious, when the internet fast was over, what was the first thing you did when you went back online?
MILLER: Well, I tweeted JK, I thought it would be a pretty good followup, just kidding, to the good-bye tweet. And, you know, I really wanted to emphasize family. I was just surprised how much being away from the internet disconnected me from like friends and family. So I like looked up a music video that my sister worked on. And I found a video of me and my little brother that we had made a long time ago. So I tried to emphasize that. And also look at a lot of cats.
LU STOUT: Fair enough.
It's interesting to hear you talk about family disconnect, or social disconnect. And I recall when you started your internet fast you said that your goal was to discover what the internet did to you over the years. So after being offline for a year, do you have more clarity on that?
MILLER: Well, I do think the internet is definitely distracting. And I really lament all the times that -- I guess the best way to put it is I'm back on the internet now. I was hanging out with my sister looking at my laptop and she's like the wall is back up again, you know. So, without the internet I could be much more present in the moment.
At the same time, people are all over the place, my family and friends are all over the world. And everybody is online, even my friends in New York the best way to find them, at least during the day, is by using the internet. And I want to stay connected to people in that way.
LU STOUT: So in the end do you think being off the internet, was it good for your social life or bad?
MILLER: Bad, definitely.
LU STOUT: Bad.
MILLER: Yeah, it just looked -- a little out of sync with people, you know. Movie plans that happened and I wasn't there to be a part of that.
LU STOUT: And do you think that is the most valuable aspect of the internet, that social glue and that social connection?
MILLER: I mean, absolutely. I mean, I'm talking to you, you know, from a very far -- very far distance. And, yeah, it's amazing how it brings people together.
I just emailed a buddy who moved to China this year. I haven't talked to him in half a year because he never gave me a way to get ahold of him in China, you know.
I think the internet is so amazing in that way. And informationally, and it's really cool. And I think we still have to learn how to use it better and how to treat each other's times more considerately. But at the same time it's just such a wonderful invention.
LU STOUT: So, I mean, the internet it -- being off the internet was bad for your social life. And you really value that aspect of the internet. But earlier you mentioned how being off the internet made you feel more present and more in the now. Did it also make you more patient, for example, when you would stand in line to actually pay bills in person, because you couldn't pay them over the internet?
MILLER: Yeah, I felt like I was -- I was practicing the muscle of patience. I feel like there were a lot of little things that I'd never spent much time doing. I realized -- I was at a coffee shop and I want an iced coffee. I wish I could just click a button and get an iced coffee. And I realized that like if given the opportunity I will just click a button to get anything instantly. And I don't know if that's a totally healthy way to be, or at least -- you know, I want to practice things like patience and just being present with people and not having so much noise in my head. It was really good to learn what that's like, so hopefully I can be like that back on the internet.
LU STOUT: One last question for you, Paul. If I wanted to do the same thing, to go offline, maybe not for a year, but perhaps a week, maybe a month. What do I have to do to prepare myself?
MILLER: Well, my number one tip is just find something you want to do. I started wasting a lot of time later into the year. Decide what you want to do and then disconnect in order to do that, don't just disconnect for the sake of disconnection. I don't think there's a lot of value in that. But if you want to spend time with your kids, you want to accomplish a project, just turn off your phone, turn off your laptop, and just do that thing. And I think there's so much joy in that, that I don't think you'll miss the internet too much.
LU STOUT: Yeah, it's incredible, isn't it? The internet is so good for social connection and so bad. We just have to control it as a tool under our control.
MILLER: Yeah, we're still learning. It's so early. And we're going to get a lot better, I hope.
LU STOUT: All right. I hope you write the manual on that. Paul Miller of The Verge, thank you so much for sharing your story with us. Take care.
MILLER: Thank you.
LU STOUT: Now you're watching News Stream, and still ahead, climate change, it is nothing to sneeze at. Mari Ramos explains why it could increase suffering for people with allergies.
And if you can draw it, you can create it, that is the promise of 3D printers, but as the technology goes mainstream, what are the implications?
LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.
Now several internet tracking websites say connections across Syria are down. Google has confirmed its services in the country are inaccessible. The company released data showing its web traffic had dropped dramatically. Meanwhile, the U.S. and Russia have agreed to arrange an international conference on Syria possibly by the end of the month.
Now three brothers arrested over the kidnapping of three women in the U.S. state of Cleveland could be charged in the next few hours. Police took Ariel, Pedro, and Onil Castro into custody after the women were found alive at a house where Ariel Castro was believed to live.
Now several people were killed when a cargo ship crashed into the harbor control tower in Genoa, Italy. Authorities say four people are known to have been killed, a number of others were thrown into the water and are missing. Investigators don't know yet why it happened.
Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson has announced that he is retiring. Ferguson is the most successful manager in English football history. He won more than 30 trophies with Manchester United in almost 27 years with the club.
And reaction to Alex Ferguson's retirement has been swift from the sports world. Christiano Ronaldo was a star at Manchester United before he moved on to Real Madrid and he tweeted to thank his old boss for everything.
Now rivals are also paying tribute. Vincent Kompany is the captain of local rivals Manchester City. And he calls Ferguson one of the best managers of all time. He's even being praised by stars of other sports. Golfer and Manchester United fan Rory McIlroy says the club will have a tough time replacing him. English Premier League commentator Martin Tyler says that's because Ferguson is unique.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MARTIN TYLER, EPL COMMENTATOR: I don't think we'll ever seen anybody manage a football club like that again. He rightly talked about the business interests of these super clubs. And the men that run the clubs now, chief executives and marketing men and administrators, Alex Ferguson ran Manchester United. And I don't think there will be any other manager in the future will have such power.
But he used the power wisely and splendidly.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: So how do you replace someone like that? Now that is the daunting task facing Manchester United right now. And World Sports Ben Wyatt joins me now from London.
So, Ben, who will replace Ferguson?
BEN WYATT, CNN SPORTS CORREPSONDENT: ...that are being rumored in the circle to replace Alex Ferguson. Some of them you'll probably know. Jose Mourinho has had a turbulent time at Real Madrid this season. And he's widely rumored to be leaving at the end of this campaign. Now whether he would be a good fit at Old Trafford is something that we would have to see how that will play out.
There are rumors that Ryan Giggs, who currently plays for the side and has been there for a long time throughout his career could have a role in the management of the side, whether that's as an assistant or as a coach. But I think the favorite who is emerging is David Moyes, who manages an English Premier League club just down the road from Manchester, a club called Everton. He's been there for a very long time. He has good pedigree of bringing through talent that's born here in England. He famously was the guy who gave Wayne Rooney his debut.
So it's very hard to say at this moment. There are rumors in the media that an announcement could be made before this weekend, but I think we're all waiting to see who will be the man who steps in arguably one of the hottest seats in world football.
LU STOUT: Yeah, and I'm hearing that David Moyes appears to be the favorite, but he is not as experienced as Jose Mourinho. So will Manchester United really take a chance on him?
WYATT: Well, I think this is the big gamble for Manchester United, isn't it? And when you look at Alex Ferguson's record, it's just frightening for whoever comes in there. 13 English Premier League titles, five FA Cups, two Champion's League. He's won 38 trophies in all for that club over the 26 years that he's been there. So it's just unbeatable, really, in terms of current rivals who are out thre.
Now Jose Mourinho has great experience in European leagues. And he's also won the Champion's League as well, so he has credibility there. But does he bring a measure of problems with the clubs he goes to as well in terms of his outspoken nature in the media? That may be something they're factoring in when weighing up who could take over.
David Moyes, I think, has a very good record in front of the media and probably is in Alex Ferguson ilk in terms of the way he conducts himself and his background, but the big question mark over him is he doesn't have really great experience at the top level in the European game, certainly hasn't really done much in the Champion's League.
LU STOUT: Now, Sir Alex is retiring as manager, but he will stay on as an ambassador. So will that make his successor's job easier or harder, because Ferguson will still be at the club?
WYATT: Well, I think this is something Manchester United faced before with great manager Sir Matt Busby. He stayed on at the club in a similar vein and saw managers come under to take over his charge. And I think many of the managers struggled having a legend such as him around the club living up to the standards that he put down. So I think it will be very interesting to see the interplay between Ferguson and whoever takes over that role.
I think one thing to bear in mind, though, is for me it was eluding in Ferguson's statement that this is something he has thought about for a long time. And it's kind of neat, I think, that when he finishes his tenure at Manchester United with that game on May 9, he will have notched up 1,500 games for Manchester United in charge. So quite neat ending all in all.
LU STOUT: All right, Ben Wyatt joining us live from CNN London, thank you very much indeed for that.
Now the U.S. State of California is suffering one of its earliest fire seasons on record. The state fire department says it has already responded to nearly 1,100 wildfires this year, more than twice the average. That includes the 11,000 hectare Springs fire which started late last week. California Governor Jerry Brown has blamed climate change for the intense weather. According to the Los Angeles Times he said the big issue is how do we adapt, because it doesn't look like the people who are in charge are going to do what it takes to really slow down this climate change.
Now this week, we have been taking a special look at the issue of climate change. Mari Ramos is at the world weather center and she's looking at how it could affect our health. Mari, tell us more.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORREPSONDENT: Yeah, Kristie, this is really interesting. And just a word about the California fires there, one of the main problems they're having in California is the lack of rainfall. It has been an extreme drought for them. And it just poses another challenge about what we need to do to live with climate change and all of these things.
Now, what you -- we're talking about health. Well, the point I want to make in this is that you never -- you think, oh, maybe climate change is not something that really will affect me, maybe this is something that's happening far away or to other people, but there are different aspects of these things and those are the kinds of things that we're exploring this week here on CNN.
I -- you've heard me say this before, how terrible my seasonal allergies are. I'm always sneezing in the springtime and then again in the autumn. And so that got us thinking, well, could climate change also be affecting my allergies and yours? Let's listen.
RAMOS: And what if I told you that the average pollen counts could actually double in the next 30 years? A recent study from the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology suggests that warmer temperatures and an increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could have us all wheezing and sneezing.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You can't breath well. You're eyes are watery.
RAMOS: Already in the U.S. spring temperatures often arrive 10 to 15 days earlier than they did just 20 years ago. Warmer temperatures bring a longer growing season, which means the pollen doesn't just arrive earlier, it stays around longer.
And let's say you live in an area that doesn't normally have pollen problems. Well, as temperatures rise, plants that normally struggle in colder climates could very well start to grow and reproduce at higher latitudes.
Rising temperatures are not the only concern, the study suggests that all the carbon dioxide we are pumping into the atmosphere is like pumping steroids into the plants.
RAMOS: And that steroid into the plants actually makes the plants grow even more. And that could actually make it worse.
So we have a different things -- opposite of what happened in California, increased rainfall in this case would lead to more plant growth. So that's a huge concern. And that would mean more allergies for all of us, even people that may not suffer from allergies. Those higher temperatures, as I mentioned, make it a longer growing season. And also that additional CO2, it's almost like -- like I said steroids into the plant that makes them grow faster and reproduce more. And that could make the situation worse.
On the other hand, we have like situation in California, droughts can increase that airborne dust. And then also you have more wildfires. And all of those things that add smoke and ash into the air make it harder for any of us, even if you do not have allergies, Kristie, make it harder for any of us to breathe.
So another aspect of living with climate change is what to do, of course, about our air quality, even with natural causes as we have with pollen. Back to you.
LU STOUT: All right, Mari Ramos there. Thank you very much indeed.
Now this week may have been the first time you paid attention to the tech phenomenon of 3D printing, but the technology used to create this gun has been around for quite awhile. Coming up next on News Stream, we'll talk about the potential of 3D printers to change our lives.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
And you're looking at a visual representation of all the news that we're covering today on News Stream.
And earlier we told you that Alex Ferguson, manager of Manchester United football club is stepping down. And later, we'll explore the legacy of stop motion animation pioneer Ray Harryhausen who has passed away at age 92. But now let's take a closer look at 3D printing technology.
Now it's made headlines this week after that shocking announcement from a Texas based company called Defense Distributed. It claims that it has successfully fired the world's first gun that was made using a 3D printer. Now this video posted on the group's website appears to show the weapon being fired and a Forbes writer witnessed the event.
So, what exactly is 3D printing? Well, instead of using ink like regular printers, 3D printers use materials like plastic. They take a digital image that you can create using modeling software on a computer. And then print it out by building up layer on layer of material to create complex solid objects.
Now car parts, prosthetic limbs, even human tissue had been 3D printed by manufacturers and doctors who have been using this technique for decades.
And thanks to cheaper 3D printer models, the technology is now available to anyone with around $1,000 to spare.
And for more, let's bring in our regular contributor, a senior editor at the NewYorker.com Nicolas Thompson who joins us live from New York. And Nick, let's back up a bit. For years now, product designers have been using 3D printers for prototyping, right?
NICK THOMPSON, EDITOR, NEWYORKER.COM: Absolutely. I mean, people who design houses, for example, have been using 3D printers for years, people who design airplanes, people who design any sort of complex system, the precision that 3D printing allows and the ability to have flexible designs to change and to say, wait, what if I make this part slightly differently, what will it look like? They've been the early adopters of 3D printing. They've pushed this technology forward. And they've helped push it from something on the, you know, something minor, something on the fringes to something that's now becoming ever more mainstream.
LU STOUT: Yeah, more mainstream. 3D printing is going retail in a big way. How have consumers taken to the technology to print our own products?
THOMPSON: Well, consumers are still just getting into it. I mean, people are printing their own toys. They're buying things that have been built with 3D printers. There aren't that many people who have their own 3D printers at home who are making things.
There is -- has been a little bit of a boomlet in 3D jewelry, which is a great application for it, where you can take a complex, intricate design, make it on a 3D printer. And there are people who will design something, ship it out, ship it to a company who will print it for them and ship it back.
So it is growing, but that's -- it's a relatively small fringe thing. But I think absolutely we're going to see much, much, much more of this very soon.
LU STOUT: And the big picture. You know, back in 1993 we didn't even know -- most of us didn't know what the web was for, but now we do know in a big way and we know the power of the web. So looking at the 3D printer today, just how powerful will it be in the future?
THOMPSON: I think it's going to be -- look, nobody knows for sure, let's throw in a bunch of caveats here. But I think it's going to have a profound effect. It's going to do a couple of things. One, it's going to change a lot of manufacturing. There are certain things for mass production, for example, where 3D printing doesn't work.
3D printing doesn't really give you great economies of scale. You have to do the same thing each time. Injection molds give you great economies of scale. So there are lots of things where huge companies will still make them in huge factories using the traditional methods.
However, for small intricate things it's going to become vastly, vastly more efficient. And it's going to shakeup industries, sometimes for the good and sometimes for the bad. So let's talk about jewelry for a second. It's great, right, because you can design your own things. Somebody in their own house could make their own jewelry. Suddenly you have all these startups. But there's also this problem where you see an earring you really like and you can rip it off. So suddenly is makes IP much harder to protect.
So it allows lots of startups to come along and then it creates this massive threat to people whose intellectual property can be copied.
So it's both very exciting, and like the early internet which, you know, decimated the music industry, we don't know who it's going to change for the better and who it's going to change for the ill.
LU STOUT: So there's legal concerns with possible IP theft. But there's also something else.
And going back to that printed gun, that 3D printed gun, it's leading to a lot of worries in congress. So should 3D printing be regulated?
THOMPSON: That's an extremely hard question, right. So we do have a 3D printed gun, and there's a whole community of people who believe that in the era of bit coin and 3D printers, you know, we'll be able to -- self- sufficient anarchists. And you don't really want to encourage or enable that crowd, but what happens when you start to regulate it.
Well, you get a whole bunch of problems. It's very hard for congress to regulate an emerging, fast changing technology. It's also something there it's very important to the United States to be strong in 3D printing, right. China is becoming very -- you know, growing very quickly in 3D printing. There is a story in The Economist about 3D printed airplane parts in China right now.
Barack Obama in the State of the Union mentioned 3D printing as something where he sees real hope for America.
So you don't want to cut if off with intrusive regulation, but you do want to make sure that you protect intellectual property and you prevent the creation of terrible things like homemade weapons that can't be regulated. So very tough choices for congress right now.
LU STOUT: And looking forward, I mean right now the technology can print toys, human tissue, that gun that can fire bullets. But how far can the technology go? What will a 3D printer be able to print for us 10 years from now?
THOMPSON: Well, we've -- I mean, it might be able to print your house. I mean, there will be lots of -- it will probably -- right now, the limitations on 3D printing is the kind of materials they can use. They can use certain kinds of plastics and certain kind of metals. They can't use other kinds of plastics, other kinds of metals. They can't use other kinds of materials. They problems with certain colors. There's -- there are technical limitations right now.
Those will probably be surpassed. And then it's just and economic question of where does it make more sense to use a 3D printer, where does it make sense to use traditional production processes. I think there are lots and lots of things, you know we're certainly going to see gadgets that are 3D printed. We're certainly going to see any kind of small intricate device. I think those are going to be the first things that -- you know, your watch, that may well be 3D printed a few years from now or 10 years from now. We'll see.
LU STOUT: Yeah, and which companies are leading the pack? Which companies are building the 3D printing future?
THOMPSON: There are tons and tons of startups. The one that people talk about the most is probably the one that I've seen the most about and that I've first learned about I don't know is called MakerBot. It's based in Brooklyn. They do all sorts of wonderful 3D printing.
There's a company called Shapeways, which is growing very, very quickly. You send them a design, they'll print you something.
And then there are about, you know, 10, 20, 30, 100 startups that people are starting to put a lot of money in. We have our first -- our first massive IP fight between two 3D printing companies showing a certain maturity in the industry now that they're suing each other. So it's growing quickly. Venture capitalists are excited.
And there's a bright future for some of these companies. You know, many of them will go bankrupt. They'll build out too fast. It is obviously a capital intensive business. You have to get your plants and build your machines. But it's also one that's growing quickly and one where a lot of smart people are putting a lot of money.
LU STOUT: And I've got to say I can't wait to print my first pair of earrings. Nick Thompson of NewYorker.com thank you so much for joining us. Fascinating discussion there. As always, take care.
THOMPSON: Thank you, Kristie.
LU STOUT: Now three women in Colombia have been arrested and are accused of drug smuggling. And police say that they dressed up as nuns and they hid cocaine in their habits. Now the women, they were caught trying to sneak through the airport on the island of San Andres after arriving from the capital Bogota. And police say each woman was carrying two kilograms of cocaine underneath her clothes, that's enough to be divided into more than 60,000 doses.
Now women face charges of smuggling, manufacturing, and bearing narcotics.
Still to come right here on News Stream, we will remember the special effects pioneer Ray Harryhausen and the movie magic he created.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
Now authorities in Belgium say that they have tracked down the suspected culprits behind February's heist at the Brussels Airport. Thieves, as you'll recall, they got away with $50 million worth of diamonds. And now more than 30 people have been arrested in Belgium, Switzerland and France. And police, they've recovered some of the jewels along with luxury cars.
Now Ray Harryhausen, a pioneer of movie stop-motion animation and special effects has died at the age of 92. I'll never forget that scene.
He'll be remembered for creating scenes like this from 1981's Clash of the Titans, which seamlessly blends a stop motion model of Madusa with live action hero Perseus.
And Neil Curry was lucky enough to sit down with Harryhausen in 2010 to talk about his moviemaking methods.
NEIL CURRY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Harryhausen's love for film began after seeing a giant ape wreck havoc on New York city.
RAY HARRYHAUSEN, SPECIAL EFFECTS PIONEER: My lifelong passion came when I first saw King Kong. My aunt, who was a nurse, she was taking care of Sid Drummond's (ph) mother and he gave her three tickets to see this strange film called King Kong. And that set me off.
CURRY: The creator of the King Kong model is Willis O'Brien who gave Harryhausen his first job as assistant on another animated ape, the Mighty Joe Young. The movie's special effects won an Oscar in 1949, but Harryhausen would soon outgrow his master, refining the skills he had learned to develop a unique style of his own, dynamation.
HARRYHAUSEN: It's mainly the combination, intricate combination of live-action and animated models together.
CURRY: Story board preparation is key to the process. The live action scene will be filmed with actors given specific instructions on where to stand and where to look. Once the sequence was complete, Harryhausen will project the film onto a screen and animate the models in front of it by stop motion, a painstaking process of shooting a sequence frame by frame.
With intense precision, he synchronized the movements of the actors with the models until interaction between man and beast became seamless.
HARRYHAUSEN: I had to direct my own sequences, because only I knew what the creature might do. The skeleton sequence in "Jason and the Argonauts" I think we spent two weeks shooting the background plates. When I had to put the skeleton in later in the year, it took about -- oh, I averaged 13 frames in one day. And of course that upset the budgetry, you know.
LU STOUT: Incredible effects there. That was Ray Harryhausen speaking to Neil Curry back in 2010.
Now he credited with inspiring world renowned filmmakers, including George Lucas. The Star Wars director has said without Ray Harryhausen, there would likely have been no Star Wars. Peter Jackson claims that the Lord of the Rings is his Ray Harryhausen movie, saying without his lifelong love of his wondrous images and story telling, it would never have been made, not by me at least.
And they are far from Harryhausen's only fans. He received a special Academy Award for technical achievement in 1992. And presenting Ray Harryhausen with that award, actor Tom Hanks said this, quote, "some say Citizen Kane is the greatest motion picture of all time, others say it's Casablanca, but for me the greatest picture of all-time is Jason and the Argonauts."
So, it's perhaps no surprise that references to Ray Harryhausen and his films have slipped into modern animated classics. In Tim Burton's animated film "The Corpse Bride," characters play on a Harryhausen piano. And then there's this from Pixar's Monsters Inc.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Monsters Inc, please hold. Monsters Inc, I'll connect you. Ms. Fearmonger is on vacation, would you like her voicemail?
BILLY CRYSTAL, ACTOR: Oh, schmootsypoo.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Googly bear.
CRYSTAL: Happy birthday.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Oh, Googlywoogly you remembered.
Hey, Sally Wally.
AL GOODMAN, ACTOR: Oh, hey Celiawelia. Happy birthday.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Thanks. So, are we going anywhere special tonight?
CRYSTAL: I just got us into a little place called Harryhausens.
UNIDENTIIFED FEMALE: Harryhausens, but it's impossible to get a reservation there.
CRYSTAL: Not for Googly Bear. I will see you at quitting...
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Ray Harryhausen, master of stop motion animation, dead at the age of 92, but his legacy lives on in the ever innovating field of film special effects.
And that is News Stream, but the news continues at CNN. World Business Today is next.