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Protests Gain Momentum in Brazil; Jolie Back to Work with U.N.; Global ALS Awareness Day; Cow Intestines and Ox Liver Menu; Astronauts Teach from Space

Aired June 21, 2013 - 12:30   ET


MICHAEL HOLMES, CNN ANCHOR: -- early elections. No real chance of that happening.

SUZANNE MALVEAUX, CNN ANCHOR: And you'll recall Mr. Morsi was elected after the popular uprising ousting longtime President Hosni Mubarak.

No let up in the anti-government protests, this is out of Brazil now. These are scenes and they are getting more violent. This huge crowd took to the streets. This is Rio de Janeiro. This is last night, fighting with the police.

Matthew Chance has the story.


MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Not in 20 years has Brazil seen anything like this.

From the capital to its biggest metropolis, vast crowds of protesters have again taken to the streets. In Rio alone, more than 300,000 people marched through the city Thursday demanding change.

Well, this is easily one of the biggest protests that's taken place in Brazil since the demonstrations began. You can see it's partly a victory parade because the government here has U-turned on this initial issue, which was the rise in (inaudible). They have changed their minds and they've put those fares back down again.

But this has also become something much broader, much more important.

It's as if a catalog of grievances are being unleashed from official corruption to poor health care and education.

There's even anger that the money spent on preparations for the next World Cup, astonishing in a country so fanatical about football.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's so many causes that we've got to focus. Today is about these five causes.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Today is five causes, but it won't stop here. It won't stop now.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I'm protesting for the corruption, the health system, the transportation system, the education system.

CHANCE: So many issues?


CHANCE: And many Brazilians appear increasingly impatient to change.

In the capital, Brasilia, protesters tried to storm government offices for the second time this week. In Rio, riot police fought running battles with demonstrators to clear the street. Brazil appears increasingly engulfed in turmoil.

Matthew Chance, CNN, Rio de Janeiro.


MALVEAUX: Coming up, for the first time since her double mastectomy, Angelina Jolie, she is now back on the frontlines of the refugee crisis. She's going to share her exclusive, firsthand account from a camp near Syria.


MALVEAUX: Welcome back to "Around the World."

Syrian rebels now confirming to CNN that they have recently received a shipment of heavy weapons. They include anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles.

HOLMES: Yeah, we got in touch with them and they told us.

As for who sent them the weapons, all the rebels are saying that they came from, in their words, brotherly nations that support the Syrian revolution, the civil war, of course, now in its third year.

MALVEAUX: Rebel leaders believe the weapon shipment will be a turning point.

Now earlier this month, the White House said for the first time that it will help arm rebels. Military assistance is going to be discussed tomorrow. That's when Secretary of State John Kerry meets in Qatar with nations that make up, what they call is the group, Friends of Syria.

HOLMES: Now, of course, you know the war is creating a huge humanitarian crisis. More than one and a half million refugees now from Syria and that could go up by hundreds of thousands by the end of this year.

Now one of the most prominent advocates for those refugees is the actress Angelina Jolie.

MALVEAUX: Yesterday she spent the day at a Syrian refugee camp in Jordan.

Now Jolie, as you know, is a U.N. special envoy for special refugees. This was her first public appearance with the United Nations since announcing last month that she had a double mastectomy.

Erin McLaughlin has the details.


ANGELINA JOLIE, ACTRESS (voiceover): Every 14 seconds, someone crosses Syria's border and becomes a refugee.

ERIN MCLAUGHLIN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: the voice of Angelina Jolie hard at work, a clear signal the star is not slowing down since news of her preventative double mastectomy.

JOLIE (voiceover): Refugees struggling to survive in villages, towns and cities across the region.

MCLAUGHLIN: She filed this exclusive report for CNN, produced by the United Nations.

An effort to highlight the surge of refugees out of Syria, it includes her personal interviews with some of the families who have fled the conflict, filmed during her most recent journey to the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (via translator): We want the situation to be getter so that we can go home.

MCLAUGHLIN: Angelina recently drew crowds throughout Europe. She was by Brad's side for the press circuit for his new film.

Now she's trying to draw attention to her work as a U.N. special envoy for refugees, which has brought her to Iraq, Afghanistan and Turkey.

Here she is, touring the Congo in March, even though she was between required surgeries.

For the past year, her focus has been primarily on Syria and its children.

JOLIE: It's impossible to imagine any mother standing by and not stepping up and doing something to prevent this.

MCLAUGHLIN: Angelina talks to the mother of a teenager named Basil (ph) who was killed in the conflict.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (via translator): Basil (ph) was everything to me. I loved him so much.

MCLAUGHLIN: The report highlights a haunting truth, that the facts of the Syrian conflict are staggering and the situation is getting worse.

By the end of the year, the U.N. estimates half of Syria's population will be in need of help.

Angelina Jolie declined to be interviewed by CNN, keeping the focus on Syrian refugee, further proof that she's not just a mother, director and advocate against suffering. Erin McLaughlin, CNN, London.


MALVEAUX: She does great work. It's so good. And to do that in the middle of all these different procedures, it's really quite amazing.

HOLMES: Yeah, you were making the point while that running there that it's hard to believe she's only in her late 30s. It seems she's been doing this things ...

MALVEAUX: She does more than most people.

HOLMES: It's like you feel she should be older.

MALVEAUX: Yeah. And not to mention all the kids.

HOLMES: That'll keep you -- well, that won't keep you young. That'll get you old, yeah.

MALVEAUX: Well, good for her.


MALVEAUX: We're going to pause to recognize today it is global awareness day for the disease ALS, known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Now this is a fatal disease that causes people to become paralyzed. They lose their ability to speak, eat and eventually breathe. Right now there is no cure.

Between 20,000 and 30,000 people in the United States are estimated to have ALS, but researchers say that the figure is likely to be a lot higher.

Now the ALS Association is calling on people with ALS as well as caregivers and other to show their support by tweeting, using the hash tag #worldwithoutALS. Families are encouraged to share their experiences, also, to raise awareness.

And I want to mention this as well. I want you to join us. This is next Wednesday through Friday for my special series on ALS.

We're going to be talking to the former New Orleans Saints player, Steve Gleason, who is battling this disease, and plus, we'll see how families are helping to support people with the disease.

Dr. Sanjay Gupta is also going to join us to talk about what is being done in the medical world.

That is next Wednesday through Friday, 1:00 p.m. Easter, right here on CNN. Please join us.


HOLMES: All right, as we said at the beginning of the show, nothing more delicious than some cow intestines, ox liver, all that good stuff. It is lunch time, after all.

MALVEAUX: Yeah, it's lunch time, so if you're a foodie with a sense of adventure, you're going to love South Africa.

Nadia Bilchik takes us to a landmark restaurant.


NADIA BILCHIK, CNN EDITORIAL PRODUCER: Right now I am in Soweto, the historically black township just outside of Johannesburg.



BILCHIK: What a pleasure to meet you.

NDALE: Thank you.

BILCHIK: So you now have this grand establishment, but it started off as an illegal shabeen.

NDALE: Shabeen's were the only source of entertainment for black people when we wanted to enjoy ourselves as black people together because we used to be chased away from the city. This one started very small, right here.

BILCHIK: I want to come and see some of the (inaudible).

NDALE: Thank you. Welcome.

BILCHIK: Thank you.

NDALE: Sure.

Remember we talk about (inaudible) and (inaudible). This is the one. This is the one.

BILCHIK: So that's (inaudible) traditionally South African.

NDALE: South African.

And this is (inaudible).

BILCHIK: Oh, that's (inaudible).


BILCHIK: It really looks like spinach, doesn't it?

NDALE: Yes, yes.

BILCHIK: (Inaudible) somewhat likes grits.


BILCHIK: And the tripe, that is actually intestines.

And do people know they are eating cow's intestines?

NDALE: They do know. They know. And some will tell this is nice. Some will tell, this is the first time I eat this in my entire life, but it tastes beautiful.

That's ox liver.


NDALE: That's tomato gravy, goes very nice with (inaudible).

BILCHIK: Tomato -- you call the tomato gravy chacalaca (ph).

NDALE: Chacalaca (ph).

BILCHIK: Chacalaca, yes? So I'm supposed to dip this into this.


BILCHIK: It's like a hot steamed bread. And this is dipped into my chacalaca.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Sit down, enjoy it. This (INAUDIBLE) Paris and Niki Hilton. Look at this. Bernice King. Martin Luther King Jr. That is what - what's what (INAUDIBLE) here. Beautiful. So many people. So many. They want to put their stamp and mark that they are really - they are here. They were here. You see it's unbelievable for other people to say (INAUDIBLE). it's unbelievable. Come and enjoy the excellence of (INAUDIBLE).




MALVEAUX: Nadia joins us.

BILCHIK: (INAUDIBLE) Just watching that. And I've got some treats for you.

HOLMES: It looks like you brought us a vegetarian spread. Not.

BILCHIK: I did. One thing about (INAUDIBLE), what I loved about (INAUDIBLE), here's a man, he says he started his restaurant during apartheid. It was an illegal shabin (ph), or tavern.

HOLMES: All right.

BILCHIK: And now he has one of the biggest tourist attractions in Soeto (ph), as you saw people like Bernice King. He was so proud of Paris and Niki Hilton.

MALVEAUX: Oh, my goodness, yes. BILCHIK: So -

HOLMES: What have you brought?

MALVEAUX: So, yes, tell us, what's -

BILCHIK: Well, I've got delicious things. So, first of all, these are rusks (ph). And South Africans love rusks. And they dip them in their tea. And you told me, Michael, you want to put on South African.


BILCHIK: Bilton (ph) is a standard. This is dried meat. You will love it.

MALVEAUX: What kind of meat?

BILCHIK: It is dried meat. I know you're not a meat lover, but let's have it for Michael, who loves it.

HOLMES: It's beef - it's like beef jerky but a South African version.

BILCHIK That's right (ph). It's much more delicious. You can't explain it.


BILCHIK: Then we have burbles (ph). The staple food of South Africa is milicup (ph), which is much like grits, but finer.

MALVEAUX: OK, I'll do the grits. I'm a grits gal.

BILCHIK: And you've got dried borsht (ph). And this is gorlaborsht (ph). And you put your chacalaca (ph) on the borsht (ph).

MALVEAUX: Now what is this here because we've been to Soato (ph) and I think we've both had this one.


MALVEAUX: This one here.

BILCHIK: Yes, you had buroborsht (ph). Bura (ph) meaning farm sausage. But in South Africa we don't say it's delicious. We say it's mwa (ph). M-w-a. Mwa. And that's what Wandi (ph) said, it's all mwa.

But you spoke about the cow's intestines. They're very moist. They're very tasty. One of my favorites, actually. He also had mapani (ph) worms on the menu.

MALVEAUX: Now what is that?

BILCHIK: And mapani worms are really enlarged caterpillars that are edible and they're dried and they're very crunchy. You just -

HOLMES: Imagine that. MALVEAUX: Do most people eat that? They eat the worms or is that for tourists?

BILCHIK: Well, it's a very specifically (ph) South African dish. No, people in Africa - all over Africa eat it.

HOLMES: Right.


BILCHIK: But the chacalaca -

HOLMES: You just like saying chacalaca.

BILCHIK: I love saying chacalaca.

MALVEAUX: All right.

HOLMES: Chacalaca.

BILCHIK: And you put the chacalaca on the milipup (ph) and you borsht (ph), your dried mimborsht (ph) and apples (ph) and you have a whole delectable meal.

MALVEAUX: It's lovely. You know, we've got to ask you about former President Nelson Mandela in the news. Has been ill recently. You're very close to the Mandela family. How is he doing?

BILCHIK: Well, they say after 14 days in hospital he remains in hospital. His daughter, Zenani, did say he was doing well. But what does that really mean given the fact that he's still in hospital?


BILCHIK: I did speak to the family and they said he's lucid. He knows he's in hospital. He recognizes the family. And, interestingly enough, Wandi (ph), from Wandi's Place in Soeto (ph), said, thank you, tata (ph) Mandela. Because without Mandela, he would never have the successful restaurant he has.

HOLMES: Right. Right.

BILCHIK: So let's hope that Nelson, while he's (INAUDIBLE) Mandeal, the man that turned a nightmare into a dream, a dream into a vision, and a vision into the reality, does make his 95th birthday on July 18th.


MALVEAUX: July 18th.

HOLMES: Yes. Yes, he -

MALVEAUX: We wish him the very best.

BILCHIK: Yes. HOLMES: Yes, absolutely. I mean, at the end of the day, he is 94, so --

BILCHIK: The end of the day he is 94 and he is in hospital. But according to the family, he's doing OK. And his daughter, who is a friend of mine, flew from Argentina to be with him. And she says, look, at some stage, you know, she's a South African ambassador to Argentina, she will have to go back, but at this point she's staying in South Africa.

HOLMES: Right.

BILCHIK: So we'll know when she goes back that he's released from hospital that he is doing fine.


BILCHIK: But until then, the family has asked for privacy and such a huge, massive media attention.

HOLMES: The well of love -

BILCHIK: The well of love.

HOLMES: The well of love from everyone in South Africa, yes.

BILCHIK: And that's why the South African government is managing it very carefully and they don't want rumors to start and they want the family to have some privacy.

HOLMES: Yes. Yes.


BILCHIK; The reality is, he remains in hospital.


MALVEAUX: All right. We will wish him the best.

HOLMES: Hope he bounces back, yes.

MALVEAUX: The family.

And thank you for the spread.

BILCHIK: It's mwa.

HOLMES: Mwa. Mwa.

MALVEAUX: Mwa. The cookie (ph) is good. I like the cookie.

HOLMES: Say it again one more time, chacalaca.

BILCHIK: Chacalaca is mwa.

HOLMES: There you go. Chacalaca is mwa. All right.

MALVEAUX: We'll bring you back.

HOLMES: Good to see you, Nadia. Leave the bilton (ph), all right. Leave that for me.

MALVEAUX: OK, you can have those.

BILCHIK: Bilchik, leave the bilton (ph).

HOLMES: Exactly.

MALVEAUX: All right. Coming up, 60 million Chinese school kids get a science lesson that they are never going to forget.

HOLMES: Very cool. Yes.

MALVEAUX: Stay with us.



Queen Elizabeth has now made sporting history.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Done it. Here's the (INAUDIBLE). And Rymore (ph) has won for her majesty, the queen. In second place -


MALVEAUX: God, you got to love those pictures.

MALVEAUX: She doesn't look happy, does she? I mean, really, look at that.

MALVEAUX: Oh, my God. She's become the first reigning monarch to own the winning horse at the Royal Ascot's Gold Cup. Now, the queen was supposed to hand out the winning trophy, but Prince Andrew had to step in so she wouldn't have to present it to herself.

HOLMES: Yes, she hated that. Boy was she thrilled.

All right, now an extraordinary piece of world history has been auctioned off. We're going to show you this. It's a death mask. That's what they were called. This is the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. A cast of his face that's made shortly after he died in exile. That was back on May the 5th, 1821, on the island of St. Helena.

MALVEAUX: Now it sold at auction for about $260,000. Death masks were made before the invention of photography. Really interesting there.


MALVEAUX: And China's space program behind the U.S. and Russia, but it is making some progress. It was just last week that China launched a crew into space. This is for the fifth time.

HOLMES: Yes. There it goes. And to drum up support for future space travel, the astronauts got creative. They did a live video lesson from space for some 60 million students. Sixty million. Nic Robertson with that.


NIC ROBERTSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A new milestone in China's space race. Lessons from orbit. China's three astronauts, now over halfway through their 15-day mission, are teaching class from their space lab 300 kilometers above earth. Wang Yaping, the only woman on the team, is wowing China's school children with experiments no earth-bound teacher could pull off, creating floating balls of water, a lesson in surface tension. Gryoscopes, a secret to stability and 3-D motion. A two-way live dialogue just like a regular teacher.

"How do you measure the weight of objects in daily life," Wang asks? "I measure my weight with an electronic scale at home," the student answers. Beyond this classroom, another 60 million Chinese children and their teachers tuned in to watch the extraterrestrial lectures. These space classes designed not just to enthuse a new generation, to set academic goals on the stars, but to energize China's vast earthbound population about space travel. And, more importantly, support the cost of it.

Even before they left for space, Wang and her two male colleagues were being hailed as heroes. The hopes of the nation to catch up in the global space race riding on their exploits. Now, as the mission draws to a close, and the space lab, soon to be shut down and replaced by something bigger, (INAUDIBLE) to close its air locked doors for the last time, it won't just be the restaurants breathing a sigh of relief. It will be China's leaders too. So far, an apparently flawless operation. A lesson in what China can do.

Nic Robertson, CNN, Hong Kong.

MALVEAUX: And coming up next on NEWSROOM, a near collision. This is in the sky over New York. Two planes come within 200 feet of each other. We're going to tell you how that happened.


MALVEAUX: All right. This is a pretty cool video that is trending online around the world. Well, here's how it works. OK. So people walk into the elevator. A man dressed as Darth Vader keeps opening the doors with a wave of his hand there. So this is what these pranksters did. This is - these students who were like just in London, and they didn't have no idea what was going on.

HOLMES: You hear the music from "Star Wars," of course, in the background. Well, of course, you can see what's happening. An accomplice is outside pressing the elevator button to keep the doors open. And you see some of these people aren't that impressed. The video, though, has been viewed 800,000 times. MALVEAUX: That's pretty cool. It reminds you of the commercial, right, with the little boy and everything.

HOLMES: Oh, yes, the kid.


HOLMES: That was hilarious, that (INAUDIBLE).

MALVEAUX: That was pretty cool stuff.

HOLMES: All right, that will do it for me. Thanks for watching AROUND THE WORLD. Have a great weekend.

MALVEAUX: You too. I'll see you on Monday.

HOLMES: You're not off yet. You've got another hour to go.

MALVEAUX: Oh, we do indeed. CNN NEWSROOM starts right now.