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Temperatures Hit 120 F in California; Obama Met with Mandela's Family; George Zimmerman Trial Heard from 22 Witnesses Last Week; Gay California Couples Rush to Marry; Tensions Rise in Egypt, Protests Expected; Could Other Planets Support Life?
Aired June 29, 2013 - 18:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
DON LEMON, CNN ANCHOR: Don Lemon back with you at the top of the hour. This hour we've got stories everyone's talking about as we look back.
Compared to this exact moment last week, the United States is a very different country right now. The Supreme Court dropped decisions sending shock waves that could change the nation. Affirmative action, voting rights, gay marriage. We break it all down.
President Obama is in South Africa. A welcome voice as that country worries that these are the last days of Nelson Mandela.
Demonstrations turn deadly in Egypt. A young American has been killed.
An amazing discovery. Three planets that could support life. Are we closer to finding life out there?
And unbearable heat in the west. In fact, we may soon have the hottest day on record ever for the entire planet. We have two of our very best in the heat and on this story. You're in the CNN NEWSROOM, everybody. I'm Don Lemon. Thanks for joining us here.
One hundred thirty-four degrees, the highest temperature ever recorded. It happened almost 100 years ago in Death Valley, California and was duly noted by the "Evening World" newspaper several years later. And believe it or not, the high today in death valley will get pretty close to the record. We're live from death valley in a moment.
But first, Casey Wian is trying to cool off at a Water Park in Palm Springs -- Casey.
CASEY WIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Hey, Don, how are you doing?
You know, officials are telling people to stay indoors because of this incredible heat wave in the southern California desert and much of the southwest is experiencing. But this is one of the best places if you're going to be outside to be. You can see a lot of folks here at the water park. You might think it would actually be packed here.
But officials here tell me that on really, really hot days like this one it's even too hot to be at a Water Park. The water temperature there, it feels cool to the touch, but it's 90-some degrees. That water is some-97 degrees. You're not really cooling off that much. The air temperature right now, you can see my thermometer, we're at about 116 degrees. We were at 120 a couple of hours ago. And that's just shy of the all-time record of 121 degrees. We may still get there this afternoon. One way or another, though, it's definitely hot, Don.
LEMON: Casey Wian, thank you very much. Appreciate it. Try to stay cool if you can.
Other stories now that we're following, two people are missing in the flooding in the northeast. In upstate New York a woman is missing in the town of fort plain. But the governor says things are beginning to improve.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GOV. ANDREW CUOMO (D), NEW YORK: We think the worst is behind us for now. We're still trying to stabilize the health and safety of people. So that's the priority.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LEMON: The missing woman was in a mobile home which washed away.
In Pennsylvania an 86-year-old man is missing after he was swept into a rain-swollen creek. Authorities say both rescue missions have turned into recovery missions.
Nelson Mandela's illness is weighing heavily on south Africa. The former president remains in critical condition on a life support machine. A choir performed a concert outside the hospital today.
Mandela's wife is keeping a constant vigil by his bedside. He has been hospitalized since June 8th with a recurring lung infection.
Today, President Barack Obama met with Mandela's family on the second day of his visit to south Africa. He is not visiting the anti- apartheid icon himself out of respect for his condition, but Mandela isn't far from the president's thoughts.
Here's chief White House correspondent Jessica Yellin.
JESSICA YELLIN, CNN CHIEF WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: President Obama has used every opportunity during this trip to talk about former president Nelson Mandela, a man he calls his own political hero and the inspiration for his first political activism.
On Saturday he and Mrs. Obama stopped to call Mandela's wife, Graca Machel who has been by his side at the hospital and the president visited with Mandela's relatives. Shortly after that he attended a town hall for young South Africans. Here's how he spoke about Mandela there. BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: President Mandela once said that during all those years in that cell it was his home here in Soweto, that small red brick house, that was what he called the center point of my world. And obviously, he's on our minds today. And we join the people of the world in sending our prayers to Madiva and his family because he still inspires us all.
YELLIN: During this trip the president has also emphasized U.S. efforts to bring food aid to the African continent and its efforts to support HIV prevention and treatment. He has insisted the U.S. is not threatened by the presence of China and brazil, which are increasingly investing here, and he answered critics who are unhappy the U.S. is basing drones in places including Ethiopia and Niger.
But to assure the failing health of Mr. Mandela has been a constant throughout the trip and you can expect to hear more of the president's thoughts about his hero during a major speech at the university of Cape Town on Sunday. The same location Robert Kennedy spoke in 1966.
Jessica Yellin, CNN, traveling with the president in Johannesburg.
LEMON: All right, Jess, thank you very much.
Jurors in the George Zimmerman murder trial heard from 22 witnesses last week. All of them were called by the prosecution in an attempt to profit shooting death of teenager Trayvon Martin was second degree murder. But as CNN's Martin Savidge reports now, at least a few of those witnesses seemed to bolster Zimmerman's claim that he shot -- he shot in self-defense.
MARTIN SAVIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): What Jonathan Good saw the night Trayvon Martin died goes to the heart of the Zimmerman case.
MARK O'MARA, ZIMMERMAN DEFENSE LAWYER: That night that you saw the person who you now know to be Trayvon Martin was on top, correct?
JONATHAN GOOD, ZIMMERMAN'S NEIGHBOR: Correct.
O'MARA: That he was the one raining blows down on the person on the bottom, George Zimmerman, right?
GOOD: That's what it looked like.
SAVIDGE: Good lives in the subdivision where the shooting took place. He was watching from his patio about 15 to 20 feet away. Zimmerman that night was wearing a red and black jacket, Martin a dark, hooded sweat shirt.
O'MARA: The color of clothing on top, what could you see?
GOOD: It was dark. O'MARA: OK. How about the color of clothing at the bottom?
GOOD: I believe it was a light, white or red color.
SAVIDGE: But that's not all Good said he saw. He witnessed physical blows being thrown and then a style of, Mixed Martial Arts.
O'MARA: What you saw someone on top in an MMA style straddle position, correct?
O'MARA: That was further described, was it not, as being ground and pound?
SAVIDGE: Good also testified about one more key question, that voice screaming for help in the darkness he believes belonged to Zimmerman.
O'MARA: The voice screaming for help, however many times you heard it, it was just one person's voice?
GOOD: When I heard it outside, I believe it was just one person's voice, yes.
O'MARA: And you now believe that was George Zimmerman's voice, correct?
GOOD: I never said that. I said it could have been his, but I was not 100 percent sure.
O'MARA: I'm not asking for 100 percent certainty. I'm asking you to use your common sense and tell us if you think that was George Zimmerman's voice screaming for help, the person on the bottom?
GOOD: That's just my opinion.
SAVIDGE: The next person to take the stand was another neighbor, Jonathan Manalo, who was the first person to talk to Zimmerman seconds after the shooting. The prosecution seemed to zero in on Zimmerman's state of mind. A handcuffed Zimmerman had asked Manalo to call his wife for him.
JONATHAN MANALO, ZIMMERMAN'S NEIGHBOR: I had a connection right away and I said, your husband has been involved in a shooting. He's being questioned and taken to the Sanford police department. At that time he kind of cut me off and said, just tell her I shot someone.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What did you say?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What did you say?
MANALO: OK, well, he just shot someone. SAVIDGE: Manalo also testified that Zimmerman had the look of the man who just looked beaten up and even snapped this cell phone picture of Zimmerman's bloody head. On cross examinations, Manalo seem to encapsulate Zimmerman's entire defense, quoting what Zimmerman told him moments after the fatal shot and with the body of the teenager nearby.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This guy was beating me up and I shot him.
MANALO: I was defending myself when I shot him.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I'm sorry.
MANALO: I was defending myself when I shot him.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So this guy was beating me up. I was defending myself and I shot him is what he told you.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Without hesitation?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And from what you could tell at the moment, it seemed completely true?
SAVIDGE: After the testimony of Jonathan Good, then came Sanford police officer Timothy Smith. Smith had a number of things to say, but perhaps most important from the aspect of the defense was he said that he noted that George Zimmerman's jacket, the back of it, at least, was wetter than the front and also that it was covered or stained by grass. Now, that again would seem to verify the point that the defense has made all along, that George Zimmerman was struggling on his back on the ground with Trayvon Martin over him, swinging.
LEMON: Martin Savidge reporting. A lot of expletives used. A lot of racial slurs used in the trial this week. And on television the n word, we're going to discuss who can use it, if it's ever OK to use it, and if someone does should they lose their jobs and reputation like Paula Deen? Make sure you join me, Monday night at 7:00 eastern for the most provocative discussion you have ever heard on the "n" word right here on CNN.
I want to get back to our top story right now. One hundred thirty- four degrees, the highest temperature ever recorded. It happened in Death Valley, California almost 100 years ago. And believe it or not, the high there today will get pretty close to the record.
To CNN's Tory Dunnan now. Dunnan who is there. Oh, my gosh, Tory, it's just a couple minutes after 3:00 in Death Valley. This brings a whole new meaning to the heat of the day, doesn't it? TORY DUNNAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Don, I don't know why I'm smiling because it's so hot out here. We are officially in Death Valley. I have to tell you, it's just brutally hot. And this thermometer here, and just if you want to get a look at that, it's reading close to 130 degrees. I do have to tell you, though, it's been baking here in the sun. And actually, we're here in a town which is kind of along the way. It's a tourist attraction. You can see it here behind me. Stovepipe wells. Rangers here are saying they think it will get up to that point. And that's really significant because of the record you spoke about. I'm going to drop this one down and show you a different thermometer. Significant as well because it only goes up to 120 degrees, Don. That's all they're expecting at this time of year. Pretty much for a max.
This is a general store here in town. And I have to tell you, we've been here for a while kind of walking in. The tourists have been flocking in here as well because they're here to try and feel that heat. Air-conditioning feels good.
All right, and Becca, you've lived here your whole life in the area. What does this feel like?
REBECCA SETTELMIER, DEATH VALLEY RESIDENT: It's amazing, actually. I've never felt it this hot 24 early in the year and it's pretty exciting that we're going to be breaking a record for June.
DUNNAN: Amazing or bad?
SETTELMIER: It's awesome.
DUNNAN: : All right. So a little bit of a different perspective here in this area. They're used to the heat here in Death Valley. The one thing they are doing, though, to make sure all these tourists, many of them coming from Europe, they're making sure they have enough ice and water. So this general store is totally stocked up at this point. And people are walking by, they're taking pictures. They can't believe this. They say they've never felt heat like, this Don. And this AC feels pretty good right now.
LEMON: I bet it does. You said it was almost 140 degrees, 130 degrees. You didn't bring your thermometer in. I wonder what the temperature is, the temperature difference between outside and inside is because I know it's 20 degrees hotter than normal, right?
DUNNAN: Yes. What's the actual temperature inside here, inside the general store? I thought it read behind here at about --
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It is 78 degrees.
DUNNAN: 78 degrees. So inside it's 78, Don, and that feels good. So I don't know what to tell you. We're in for a long weekend ahead.
LEMON: I'm wondering if you're seeing many people -- I see a few people there. If there are fewer people than normal. And if you're driving your car and your air-conditioning is on, it's trying, to you know, get down to that temperature, you can very easily overheat your car in that kind of weather.
DUNNAN: Yes. In fact, let's take you right back outside here so you can kind of get a sense of what's happening as far as the tourists go here. They're kind of coming in here. And the fact-s Don, it's interesting because they want to feel this heat. They say they've never felt anything like it. But there are signs along this roadway that warn you, saying turn off your air-conditioning for the next ten miles or so you don't overheat your car.
It's pretty clear that this area is used to this kind of heat in the summer. So they have the warnings up warning people. But a lot of people are saying yes, right, I'm not going to turn off the air- conditioning in my car in this heat. So officials here a little bit worried about what's to come over the weekend.
LEMON: Tory Dunnan. I have to say, better you than me because it seems really hot out there. All right. Stay cool, my friend. We appreciate it.
Coming up on CNN, the Supreme Court sent shockwaves through this country this past week from affirmative action to voting rights to the historic ruling on the defense of marriage act. How will these affect millions in this country? We're going to break it all down, next.
LEMON: Any Supreme Court decisions, any one decision, I should say, is important. Any Supreme Court decision is important. But this week we saw a decade's worth of stunning opinions from affirmative action to voting rights to the historic ruling on the defense of marriage act. Opinions by the court's nine justices will impact the lives of millions of Americans.
So for more on this we're joined now by two people who know the court inside and out. Amy Howe is an attorney who has argued two cases before the court. And since 2003, has worked at Scotusblog, the best resource on the web for understanding the court. She's in Washington. I kept refreshing and refreshing and refreshing and refreshing my twitter follow to Scotusblog on Tuesday -- on Wednesday. And Andrew Crespo was the first Hispanic president of the Harvard law review and clerked for not one but two Supreme Court justices and he joins us from Denver. Very accomplished folks here. So thanks for joining us.
So Amy, first to you. Some say the court effectively gutted the voting rights act in the Shelby county case. Is that a fair conclusion? And was the decision surprising to you?
AMY HOWE, ATTORNEY: I think it is a fair conclusion. The decision wasn't at all surprising in the sense that the voting rights act was not going to work after this week the same way that it had before. The only real question was exactly what the court was going to do. So what the court wound up doing was they upheld section 5 of the voting rights act which requires state and local governments with a history of discrimination to go to the federal government and get approval before they can make any changes to the voting procedures even things like moving a polling place across the street. So the court left that intact. It said you can still have that. But you need to change the criteria that you use to figure out who's covered. It sent the ball back across the street to Congress to come up with a new coverage formula. But nobody expects that to happen anytime soon.
LEMON: Yes. It left the voting rights pretty much intact but it was just a part of it that changed. Andrew, you know, the fisher case the court could have torn down the policy of affirmative action but it didn't do it. Are you surprised the court gave us that decision?
ANDREW CRESPO, PRESIDENT, HARVARD LAW REVIEW: I am surprised. -- surprising opinions from the term. There were signals in this case the court was going to do something perhaps pretty momentous with affirmative action. And I think a lot of people thought that this case was one of the court in order to take something new and especially since they took them the whole term to issue and opinion, a lot of folks I think would have expected something pretty momentous. And instead it was really a bit of just the court saying look, the court below needs to do this again but not saying much new in terms of the law of affirmative action.
LEMON: OK. Of course we're not done talking about these cases, but up next we're going to talk about the historic opinions that sent same-sex couples rushing to the county clerk's offices in California. And we're going to talk about the prop 8 and defense of marriage act decision, and we're going to go to San Francisco's city hall, literally the epicenter of a seismic shift in the marriage debate, coming up.
LEMON: Same-sex couples tying the knot once again in California. A federal appeals court cleared the way yesterday just two days after the Supreme Court dismissed an appeal against same-sex marriage.
Dan Simon is in San Francisco, where ceremonies are happening all weekend.
So Dan, it's only been 24 hours since California started issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples again. And already there's legal action, there's legal action from the other side. What's going on?
DAN SIMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes, certainly not surprising, Don, you know. I think we expected this -- the breaking news that we're just getting. And that is that prop 8 supporters have gone to the United States Supreme Court and filed an emergency application asking that basically the ban be put back in place. Specifically, their quibble is with the appeals court here in San Francisco which lifted the stay. They wanted what you typically get, and that's 25 days after a Supreme Court ruling is given, they want to be able to exercise their legal options.
So, I'm going to read to you now a quote from their lawyer.
It says "our clients have not been given the time they are due and were promised so that they can make their next decision in the legal process. The more than seven million Californians that voted to enact proposition 8 deserve nothing short of the full respect and due process our judicial system provides."
Now, let me go ahead and change gears here and that's what's happening at San Francisco city hall. You can see behind me, these are some of the folks that have come to city hall to get a marriage license. We've been seeing it all day. They opened up at 9:00 a.m. this morning. They're going all weekend long. And I want to introduce you to a couple that actually just got married.
This is Anne and Nikole. Anne and Nicole, who you have your two- month-old baby twins here. Beautiful girls.
Let me start with you, Nikole. Tell me, I guess how you're feeling today.
NIKOLE, NEWLYWED: Today's just a day of celebration for us as a couple and for our family. We're just really grateful for this opportunity that we're being recognized like any other family. And grateful that our daughters are going to be able to grow up in a world where there's a little bit less discrimination than there was yesterday.
SIMON: Annie, what's it like for you? Being amongst all these other gay couples get married. Just explain the atmosphere.
ANNE MARSH, NEWLYWED: Honestly, it's really an honor. It's really overwhelming to come here and feel the support from the community. And for the first time since we've been together to feel like our relationship is equal and recognized by all the people here and all the people watching us as something that counts. And it's really an honor to be able to show that to our girls.
SIMON: Before I let you go, are you guys worried at all about the legal process going forward, that somehow -- or do you feel pretty good --
LEMON: All right. We had some issues there with Dan Simon. Congratulations to them.
But I want to get back to our panel now. None of that would have been possible without those historic opinions we saw Wednesday. Perry versus Hollingsworth, which effectively struck down California's prop 8. And U.S. versus Windsor that struck down a key part of the defense of marriage act that denied benefits to legally married same-sex couples.
And again I'm joined now from Washington by Amy Howe, an attorney who has argued before the court, and from Denver, Andrew Crespo, former Harvard law review president who clerked for two justices.
So where do you rank the decision on DOMA and prop 8 in terms of landmark Supreme Court cases? First to you, Amy.
HOWE: I think it's pretty high up there. The Supreme Court had had a couple of other cases dealing with gay rights in the last 15 years or so. But this one was really huge in terms of five members of the court saying that same-sex marriages were approved in these states because the states determined that those marriages should be entitled to the same protection and dignity of marriage that opposite sex couples have when they get married and the federal government can't discriminate because it doesn't like same-sex marriages.
LEMON: Andrew, where do you rank it?
CRESPO: I agree with Amy. I think that especially the Windsor case on DOMA is a very important case for gay rights. Not just because of its holding and what it does for the federal issue here, which is basically saying that anyone who has a legal same-sex marriage has to be treated as married by the federal government.
But also, I think there's a number of things in the opinion from the court that at least suggests potential successes in future challenges by gay rights advocates. I think that a lot of the language the court used in its opinion, talking about the special dignity of these unions and talking about the way that the children in same-sex unions feel about their parents and how the government should not be discriminating are things that lawyers who are bringing challenges, for example, trying to establish a nationwide right to same-sex marriage, will be able to draw and lean very heavily on the language that's in the court's opinion in Windsor.
LEMON: I want to ask you this in a follow-up, then. You think there are five votes on the court to eventually legalize same-sex marriage nationwide, Andrew?
CRESPO: Well, you know, it's an interesting question given that the same day that Windsor came down there was a case that was right there before the court, the Hollingsworth case, in which that was one of the options for how that case could have come out. The lawyers who were asking the court to affirm gay rights in that case were basically asking for a very broad ruling and asking for a ruling that would have legalized gay marriage nationwide. The justices did not do that.
The justices actually decided to say nothing at all about gay rights or same-sex marriage in that case. They decided that case on very technical legal grounds about jurisdiction. As to whether there are five votes there or not I think that the five justices who joined the Windsor opinion put language in that opinion and wrote an opinion that is I think a very strong opinion for gay rights and at least gives us clues as to how they might vote in the future. But it seems that they are not ready to do that right now because they decided to completely steer clear of that question in the Hollingsworth case.
LEMON: Do you think, Amy, do you think that we're going to see the court take up same-sex marriage again maybe for nationwide to clarify this?
I HOWE: I think that's right. The court made very clear in the decision, the Windsor case, striking down DOMA, that it was striking down one provision of DOMA, about whether or not the federal government has to recognize these same-sex marriages for purposes of benefits and immigration and estate taxes. It made clear it was not addressing section 2 of DOMA, which provides that states don't have to recognize same-sex marriages that were made legal in other states. So I think that's the next battleground.
LEMON: I have to run, but I have to get this in. I know we're going to lose the Denver satellite in just a second here. So, there was a headline this week calling Anthony Kennedy the first gay justice. Does that ring true to either of you?
HOWE: You know, it's an unlikely label for a married catholic --
LEMON: Andrew first. We're going to lose him. Andrew, go ahead before we lose the satellite.
CRESPO: I agree with Amy. But I think that what the headline is getting at, that Justice Kennedy is the justice who has written so many of these landmark gay rights opinions, rings true.
And I think that his particular way of thinking about the Constitution and about due process and liberty and dignity of individuals is something that resonates a lot with the gay rights movement and the claims that are being brought in these cases for equality for gay couples.
LEMON: Amy, is this the same way -- I think it was "Time" or "Newsweek" called President Obama the first gay president -- not. It wasn't a literal use of the term.
Is this -- is that what we mean here?
HOWE: I think that's right. I think it's going to be his legacy, certainly.
LEMON: Yes. All right. Thank you.
Thanks to both of you.
HOWE: Thanks for inviting us.
ANDREW: Thanks for having me.
LEMON: All right.
Lost in the shuffle over those two cases was the heartbreaking decision on Baby Veronica. She was caught in the custody fight between her biological father, Dustin Brown, a member of the Cherokee Nation, and the South Carolina couple, the Capobiancos, who had adopted her.
Brown had given up his parental rights before the baby was born, but then sued to get Veronica back, invoking a 1978 law designed to prevent the forcible removal of Native American children from their parents.
But the court found that law didn't apply here, meaning Veronica belonged with the Capobiancos. The decision thrilled them. MELANIE CAPOBIANCO, ADOPTIVE MOTHER: Our attorneys are working on getting things expedited. We certainly would love that. We want to see her as soon as possible. But it just depends on what can be done and agreed upon. So we're hopeful.
LEMON: Well, the case returns now to South Carolina's courts for the next step in the custody case.
Deadly clashes between demonstrators and police in Egypt: a young American has been killed. Where's this anger coming from? That's next.
LEMON: Tensions are rising in Egypt where opponents of President Mohammed Morsi are getting ready for massive nationwide protests. And Morsi supporters are determined to make a stand for their president.
It's all happening tomorrow, one year after Morsi took office. And CNN's Ben Wedeman is in Cairo.
BEN WEDEMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): They chant "We love you, Morsi" to the Egyptian president in one part of Cairo.
And in another they're telling him to go, get out now. Egyptians are polarized as never before. And the two camps seem headed inexorably to a violent clash.
WEDEMAN: There are two large and determined and enthusiastic camps. Here, the pro-Morsi crowd; in Tahrir Square the anti-Morsi crowd, both large and both ready for a confrontation.
WEDEMAN (voice-over): The opposition, made up of young revolutionaries, old regime loyalists and ordinary citizens, fed up with fuel shortages, power cuts, a collapsing economy and rising crime, will hit the streets Sunday to demand the immediate resignation of the Muslim Brotherhood-supported President Mohammed Morsi, elected a year ago in Egypt's first post-revolutionary presidential vote.
The president's supporters insist he must stay in power. Some demonstrators have brought clubs and sticks and say they're ready for a fight.
Refat Ali traveled from Upper Egypt to the capital with a message to Morsi's opponents.
"Our patience has run out," he says. "Either you back off or the only thing left to do is to attack you with one fist."
Brotherhood spokesman Jihad Haddad warns the group's supporters will not turn the other cheek.
JIHAD HADDAD, MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD SPOKESMAN: This time under the bounds of the law we intend to execute our right of self-defense to protect our protesters, our buildings and our homes. WEDEMAN (voice-over): There's scant talk of compromise. The stakes are high. And no one is ready to back down, certainly not the once persecuted and now empowered Muslim Brotherhood.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: For Islam this is the battle of life and death. So Morsi for them is the red line. So they cannot imagine the world without Morsi as the president, because they know that if Morsi steps down, this means that they will not come to power again. And the new president will put them in jail again.
WEDEMAN: Morsi's opponents are openly cautioning of an army takeover if order totally collapses.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We want to warn them if they are going to use this kind of violence against us and threaten a state of civil war, of course, some of the parties will have to interfere, even if it's the army, but to protect the security of Egyptians.
WEDEMAN: At the rally for the president, young men put on a show of their fighting skills. But it may not be longer for show -- Ben Wedeman, CNN, Cairo.
LEMON: Are we closer to finding life on another planet or three other planets? Details next.
LEMON: This week it looks like we may have found several planets that actually support life. Our Tom Foreman explains.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: As of today, we believe we're on the only inhabitable planet in our solar system.
But that doesn't necessarily mean that we are alone in the universe, because scientists have been looking way out there, about 22 light years away, to this constellation Scorpius, where they have found a star that they say is being circled by not one, not two, but three planets that could possibly support life.
It's called Gliese 667 and if we could zoom across space and time and go there to take a peek, they say it would look something like this, really quite an extraordinary view. You see that little crescent way over there? That would be one of our neighboring planets circling around with us.
And of course we'd have three different suns. They call this a super Earth, each of these three planets, because it would be four to eight times as big as our Earth in terms of mass. The surface of these is considered to be almost all rock, but a lot of it is covered with water. And they are tidally locked.
What that means is that the sunny side always faces the sun and the dark side always faces away.
This is incredibly rare, to find three planets like this all together, because over the years, as scientists have looked out through the cosmos, they've discovered about 900 planets and only about 12 of them believed to be inhabitable or possibly able to support some kind of life -- three of those found actually earlier this year.
So we have to keep looking to see if there's more like this. But with so many stars out there that are like our own, our sun, the belief is there could be many more to find.
LEMON: All right, Tom.
So is there life on other planets? For some people, the big question may be how will we shop there? We've got an answer next.
LEMON: Before the break, Tom Foreman told us about some planets just discovered that may be capable of sustaining life. So if we, say, set up a Dunkin' Donuts on the -- on those planets, PayPal says they'll have your interplanetary cash card to pay for stuff.
The money transfer company is working with various space programs and SETI -- is that right? SETI? The people who look for extraterrestrial life; they want to develop a payment program for space tours for use off Earth. Wow. Already?
Because as one PayPal executive says, you won't find ATMs in space. You won't find ATMs in space. That looks a little weird on the teleprompter. Not yet, at least.
What if everything about you was in one place? You're in an accident. ER doctors could see if some medicine might, in fact, kill you. Or you want a new job. Your resume, up there in the cloud, is constantly updating; easy to apply.
But there's the other side. Could a health insurance company looking to deny your claim dig through your records? Or what if you got turned down for a job because a former boss wrote you a bad review?
Data collection like this may seem very George Orwell -- Orwellian, as they say. Total fiction. But something like this is already happening in schools. Here's our Laurie Segall.
MATTHEW: This one's for baseball. I used to play baseball.
LAURIE SEGALL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: After-school activity: Boy Scouts.
Favorite TV show: "Avatar: The Last Airbender."
MATTHEW: I really like this. So I told my mom to make my hair like that.
SEGALL: ADHD. It's this last data point about 9-year-old Matthew that would likely end up in a database his school started using this year. And that worries his mother.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Beware.
SEGALL: A few public school systems across the country are partnering with a non-profit called inBloom. The company's technology stores all the information collected about students in one place, from their test scores to their disabilities and their learning styles.
The ultimate goal? They say a one-stop data shop to help personalize learning.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So school and districts today collect a lot of data but it's all over the place. It's different systems, it's disconnected. So as a result of this, this data is not usable. It's the difference between data and information.
SEGALL: Specifically when it comes to Matthew, your son, what's your biggest concern?
MATTHEW'S MOM: The number one concern is who is having access to this information?
SEGALL: inBloom is using the cloud to centralize all the data the school system has, including financial information about students' families. Some parents worry that their child's digital footprint is too personal.
What's at stake when it comes to that kind of data collection?
MATTHEW'S MOM: Everything. My son's chances of getting into good schools. My son's chances of getting maybe into ivy league colleges.
SEGALL: Teachers say the data can be very helpful, spurring innovation in the classroom.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It can be really important parent portals about information about their kids and how much time they spent on a PBS video to learn some kind of content area.
SEGALL: A recent town hall in New York addressing student data collection and tracking got heated.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: When it comes to our children, how dare they?
SEGALL: inBloom says it's just trying to help schools be more efficient.
(UNKNOWN): inBloom provide a service to the (inaudible) districts, which actually help them manage (ph) data that is already there. There are laws in place. We absolutely comply with all these laws.
LEMON: Laurie Segall is our tech pro from CNNMoney. She's here.
So are more schools expected to sign up for this type of tracking, Laurie? SEGALL: Absolutely. A lot of schools are actually really excited about it. Using this kind of information and this kind of data storage, they're able to build personalized learning curriculums for children. So people are excited about this.
Now then there's the opposite side, which we showed you a little bit of, which parents are saying, what on Earth are you collecting? Where is this information going? And is it safe in the cloud?
There's actually, Don, pending legislation right now that would enable parents to opt out. Now that's going to be a big deal, because I think, at the end of the day here, the problem is transparency. People don't seem to understand what's happening and where this data's going.
LEMON: OK. You know, I mentioned in the introduction the idea of our work histories, our medical records, all that, you know, up in the cloud.
Could these programs like these, could we be seeing them in more schools?
SEGALL: Absolutely. And schools, we could be seeing them when it comes to hospital records and this kind of thing.
The buzzword here and what we keep hearing in Silicon Valley and what we're going to hear more about is big data, cloud storage. So you can only imagine that data's going to collected. It's going to be stored in the cloud. It's -- the question is, when is Washington going to get involved, too, and understand the type of technology that's being built and how to really legislate it?
LEMON: All right. Thank you very much. We appreciate that, Laurie Segall.
We switched places, by the way. She's in Atlanta. I'm in New York.
SEGALL: We did.
LEMON: All right.
He's a comedian best known for the show, "The Office," and he's gearing up for another career. We'll hear from hilarious Ed Helms, next.
LEMON: If you're a fan of "The Office" or "The Hangover" franchise, it should come as no surprise that actor Ed Helms loves to sing.
LEMON: But now that the long-running NBC series has come to an end, that's exactly what you'll find him doing. And we sat down with Helms to talk life after "The Office" and his latest passion, bluegrass music.
ED HELMS, ACTOR: It's totally wild. I could not be more grateful for these rides I've been on, both "The Office" and "The Hangover."
They've both just been so damn fun. I've made friends for life in those jobs. They've also defined my career and they are both ending simultaneously.
It's a wonderful sense of closure and satisfaction with gratitude all mixed up and a whole lot of excitement.
HELMS: The bluegrass situation is a real passion project, and that's kind of grown and morphed over the last three or four years into this much bigger idea about bringing fans and artists of the whole kind of bluegrass Americana roots, just kind of getting everybody together and having a rallying point online.
It's also kind of a reflection of how much this music seems to be exploding on the national landscape and the sort of worldwide pop culture landscape. It's really just for the fans and the artists.
HELMS: The word "bluegrass" means a lot of different things to a lot of different people. I think for some people it just conjures hillbilly music, but for anyone who actually bothers to pay attention for five seconds, it's so much more than that, especially now where you have bands like the Punch Brothers and The Avett Brothers and Mumford & Sons and things, kind of incorporating these bluegrass influences and taking it into stratospheric new places.
I've been doing this show called "The Whiskey Sour Radio Hour," and it's kind of a mash-up of comedy and music in an old-school variety show format. And I host it and I play a little music and we have new guests on and we do stupid comedy bits. And it might be described as "Prairie Home Companion" on crystal meth and moonshine.
It's just kind of a rowdy good time.
LEMON: Very nice. Feel like I'm watching "CBS Sunday Morning." Right?
It is a heat record that's held for 100 years, but are we about to break it? Details, next.
LEMON: Out west they are absolutely sizzling, the region being smothered by a massive heat wave that's breaking records, and dangerous. In Death Valley, California, it'll be close to 130 degrees, threatening the world record of 134 that occurred in that same spot 100 years ago.
And in Phoenix, the high is pushing 120, something that's happened only three times before.
Stay cool. Thanks for watching. I'm Don Lemon in New York. "ANTHONY BOURDAIN: PARTS UNKNOWN" begins right now.