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President Morsi Rejects Military Ultimatum; Yarnell Hill Fire Still Raging Out of Control; Leading Women: SOHO China CEO Zhang Xin; French Entrepreneurs Look For Opportunities Abroad; First Firefox OS Phones Launch
Aired July 2, 2013 - 08:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.
Now pressure mounts on Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi to resign. The deadline imposed by the military looms closer.
Edward Snowden withdraws his request for asylum in Russia. So where will he end up?
And another competitor enters the smartphone wars. Meet the Firefox OS.
Now Egypt's president is under pressure from protesters and the military. But Mohamed Morsi has rejected those ultimatums. And a political showdown looms.
Anti-government demonstrators have demanded his resignation. The armed forces have given the president and the opposition 48 hours to come to a consensus. And the army insists it would not support a coup. Now instead, the steps to reconciliation could include an early election or a restructuring of Mr. Morsi's cabinet.
Now Egyptian state media report that two presidential spokesmen have just quit. Now several ministers have already resigned in the face of the protests. But the defense minister is not one of them. Now General Abdel- Fattah el-Sissi, seen here on the left, holds that position. He is also the army chief. Now he met with President Morsi after reading the military's statement. And details of what was discussed are not known.
Now one opposition group has promised to increase demonstrations if Mr. Morsi does not step down within the coming hours.
Now Ian Lee joins us now live from Cairo. And Ian, how many protesters are out there today. Describe the scene for us.
IAN LEE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Kristie, right now you have thousands of protesters here and in Tahrir Square. And just actually right now there are Apache helicopters, one is right behind me that is buzzing the square. This is -- we've seen this in the past. It really galvanized the people, the protesters.
We're expecting as the day progresses more protesters to take not just Tahrir Square, but also around the presidential palace and really in and around Egypt. They are adamant about keeping up the pressure against President Mohamed Morsi. And this comes as -- tomorrow is the deadline for the army's ultimatum that there be a -- some sort of dialogue between the president and the opposition.
But the opposition doesn't seem like they're too eager to talk to the president.
LU STOUT: And Ian as you discuss a military ultimatum, just a moment ago we saw those Apache helicopters fly behind you above Tahrir Square, the scene of all the anti-government demonstrations. What is, in general, the people's reaction to the military ultimatum? Is it safe to say that most of the majority support it, or are there some out there who fear that it could be a potential coup?
LEE: Well, there's really sort of three basic camps. The first is the supporters of President Mohamed Morsi and they do see that. If any military, or anyone moves in and gets rid of the president then that they see as threatening democracy and a democratically elected president. Then you have the opposition. It's really broken into two camps. There are some who fear that if the military were to step in we could see a return of what happened after Mubarak stepped down where we had the military take control and we saw deadly clashes between the military and protesters at a really unsettling time in Egypt.
And there's the other group that believes that if the military does take over that they will hand it then over to another person, someone not associated with the military to kind of lead this transitional period.
So there really is a lot of different -- a fear of, and also hope, between the protesters and the supporters of President Mohamed Morsi.
LU STOUT: Yeah, Mohamed Morsi is a man under pressure -- under pressure from the military, under pressure from the people. And we can see that in clear focus with these incredible live scenes there from Tahrir Square.
Now Morsi was elected by the people. He was democratically elected last year. He's been in power for just one year. Ian, for all those people out there in Tahrir Square and elsewhere protesting against him why are they out there? Why are they so angry?
LEE: It really boils down to a few things and that is the economy -- or a couple of things, the economy and security. And the economy has been struggling. And Morsi, to his credit, inherited a broken economy. He wasn't the one who broke the economy, but the opposition says he hasn't done enough to turn around the economy. We're also seeing power shortages, gas shortages. And they say the people that he put in charge of turning around the economy are not the right people. They're not technocrats, but rather loyal followers of the President Morsi.
There's another big concern and that is security. There -- Egypt still has somewhat of a security vacuum in a lot of the country as the police still are reluctant to go out and patrol in the streets. And really if you don't have security then you can't have a stable economy.
So these are the real issues that the people are saying that the president hasn't been able to tackle.
But also the police have been reluctant to go back out under Morsi's government. And also, we saw the police joining protesters, some police joining protesters yesterday. So it has been a battle before the president's but one he seems to be losing right now.
LU STOUT: All right, Ian Lee from Tahrir Square in Cairo, the very latest on the tensions in Egypt. Thank you, Ian.
Now Mr. Morsi is Egypt's first democratically elected president. And until him, all four Egyptian presidents over the past 60 years had been former military men. Now Mr. Morsi is a U.S. educated Islamist. And his party, the Muslim Brotherhood, was repressed under Hosni Mubarak but is now the nation's most powerful political force.
Now the military is said to want Mr. Morsi to reduce the Brotherhood's influence on his government.
Now remember, Egypt's armed forces played a prominent role before President Morsi took office. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces took over after Mubarak fell in February of 2011. Now the generals dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution.
And people held large demonstrations against military rule. But now they are welcoming the army's involvement.
The analysts say that Egyptians see the military as the country's strongest institution able to impose order. And for now, anti-government protesters believe that the army is on their side.
Now fire crews are still battling that major wildfire in the U.S. state of Arizona, but it is only getting bigger. Now the blaze has ripped through 35 square kilometers since last Friday and was started by a lightning strike. Hundreds of firefighters are on the scene, but as of late Monday an official said the fire is 0 percent contained.
Now this disaster has also become a tragedy. 19 firefighters were killed on Sunday when they were suddenly overcome by the flames. And they're being remembered as heroes.
Now this is the deadliest wildfire for first responders in the U.S. since 1933. Brian Todd has more on that from Arizona.
BRIAN TODD, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Firefighters are back on the front lines of the deadliest wildfire in America in decades, knowing that 19 of their colleagues didn't make it out alive.
ROY HALL, INCIDENT COMMANDER, ARIZONA HAZARD MANAGEMENT TEAM: It's been a long night, and these are the worst of times for firefighters.
TODD: They were members of an elite squad from the Prescott, Arizona, fire department. The Granite Mountain Hot Shots lived up to their name, bravely battling raging infernos up close.
WADE WARD, PRESCOTT, ARIZONA, FIRE DEPARTMENT: It's a very elite group of people that are highly-trained, highly-motivated, very fit. They know exactly what they're doing.
TODD: A news report last year showed how they do their dangerous and back-breaking work, digging barriers to stop the racing flames. That's what they were doing on Sunday when they joined the fight against the Yarnell Hill fire northwest of Phoenix.
ART MORRISON, U.S. STATE FORESTRY SPOKESPERSON: When you're digging fire line, you make sure you have a good escape route, and you have a safety zone set up. And evidently, their safety zone wasn't big enough and, you know, the fire just overtook them.
TODD: The conditions were perilous. The land bone dry. The winds whipping unpredictably. Authorities believed the Hot Shots used a last- ditch survival tool, a fire shelter. That's sort of an aluminum blanket to protect them from the flames and heat, but it wasn't enough to save them. Fire officials still are trying to figure out what went wrong.
CHIEF DAN FRAIJO, PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FIRE DEPARTMENT: Those gentlemen were in the position of protecting property, when something tragically took place that only Mother Nature might be able to explain, which caused them to become casualties.
GOV. JAN BREWER, ARIZONA: The Yarnell fire claimed the lives of more responders than any single disaster since 9/11. Just as we honor the memory of the firefighters lost that day as they charged into the burning towers, we will remember the brave men of the Granite Mountain Hot Shots.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Our thoughts and prayers go out to the families.
TODD: President Obama is calling the fallen firefighters heroes. Their remains have been recovered from the fire zone where hundreds of other firefighters are in harm's way right now.
The Yarnell Hill fire is still growing. Over 8,000 acres have been scorched, more than 200 buildings destroyed. But Prescott's mayor is still thinking of those the fallen men left behind.
MAYOR MARLIN KUYKENDALL, PRESCOTT, ARIZONA: It's tough. Within a few minutes, their entire life changed.
TODD: One member of the hot shot team did survive, officials say, because he happened to be moving a crew truck when the flames engulfed the rest of his team.
Brian Todd, CNN, Prescott, Arizona.
LU STOUT: You know, such a tragedy and such unpredictable conditions for those battling the blazes.
Let's get the forecast now with Mari Ramos. She joins us from the world weather center -- Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Kristie, a tragedy indeed.
And, you know, when this kind of weather happens, I think the firefighters really had a very dangerous situation that they were already in and then the weather switched on them very, very quickly and that's something that authorities are going to be looking at.
This is in a very rugged terrain area here in Arizona. This is about the south and west of Prescott, to the north and west of Pheonix, so this is what we're talking about.
The fire, again like we heard in that report, about 35 square kilometers have been burned, 200 structures. Sparked by lightning. And this is important, because those are the same kind of storms that we think contributed to the death of those firefighters in that area.
What do we have in the forecast? Well, again, a similar situation -- scattered thunderstorms, 20 to 30 percent likely in this area. Southwesterly winds. 10 to 20 kilometers per hour. But once those thunderstorms form, they're going to bring stronger winds. And that could cause the flames to shift very, very quickly. That's a huge concern.
And then of course we remain with those temperatures well above the average for this time of year.
So a couple of things. I want to show you some pictures, first of all, so you can see the terrain, what it looks like. I want to show you what the fire actually looks like. And I want you to notice the trees. Let's go ahead and roll the pictures that we have.
When you look at these mountains, we're not talking about huge pine trees or something, this is -- these mountains are in a very dry area. And what's covering them is something -- it's a mixture, but it's called chaparral. And chaparral is a brush. It's a dense brush. And in this are where they haven't had a fire in a long time, it's actually very dense and very thick, actually, to walk through, very difficult.
Of course the terrain makes it even more difficult. And then of course you had this weather situation that made it change very, very quickly.
Come back over to the weather map over here. We have a drought. So you would think, well, there's a drought so maybe those plants weren't doing so well and there's not that much fuel. But actually they can survive in drought conditions. And this area is in extreme drought. They haven't had fires in a long time. And those plants are made to survive precisely those conditions.
Once they go up in flames, they actually have a natural oil with them and it makes them burn very, very hot, very, very quickly.
So what do we think happened that day and what are investigators going to be looking at? These thunderstorms that popped up the day -- when they happen, they move very quickly over this area. And if you've ever been outside right before a thunderstorm happens, you feel that wind that comes right before it. That's the out flow.
Well, these nearby thunderstorms caused a change in the wind direction, we think, and speed. And that could have been one of those contributing factors that we're talking about when we talk about the weather.
And because we're going to have thunderstorms similar to this again, we have again a high risk of these winds that are going to be whipping up through those areas and that is a big, big concern Kristie for firefighters in this region.
The other thing is, it could spark more lightning which is what started this fire to begin with. And unfortunately, not enough rainfall to really help.
Back to you.
LU STOUT: Wow, so many risk factors. Mari Ramos there reporting for us. Thank you very much indeed Mari.
Now the NSA leaker Edward Snowden is requesting asylum in another 19 countries, but not where he's currently believed to be. Coming up next on News Stream, we'll tell you what the Russian president said that made Snowden retract his asylum request.
And later, call your parents or go to prison, China introduces a tough new law to make sure children carry out their responsibilities.
LU STOUT: Welcome back. You're watching News Stream. And you're looking at a visual version of all the stories we've got in the show today. We began with the latest in Egypt where more government resignations are putting pressure on President Morsi. And a little bit later we'll show you this incredible video of an unmanned Russian rocket exploding.
But now to an update on Edward Snowden. He is stateless. He is stuck in a Moscow airport. And even as the man who revealed details of his secret U.S. surveillance program appeals for asylum in dozens of countries, diplomatic doors are already closing on him.
WikiLeaks says it has submitted requests for asylum to 19 new countries on behalf of Edward Snowden. That list includes Russia. But the Kremlin says that the request has been withdrawn after the Russian president said that Snowden would have to stop leaking information about U.S. surveillance programs.
Now Snowden is still waiting for a response to earlier requests he made to Iceland and Ecuador, seen here in yellow.
But Ecuador's president Rafael Correa told Britain's Guardian Newspaper that his country will not consider Snowden's bid until he reaches Ecuadoran territory. That could prove tricky for the former NSA contractor, because the U.S. has stripped him of his passport.
But Edward Snowden is casting a wide net in his search for asylum.
Now these are the other 18 countries which WikiLeaks says it is contacting for him. As you can see, they range from South America to the European Union, India, and China.
But for now, it is thought that Edward Snowden is still at a Moscow airport.
And Phil Black joins us live from a Moscow bureau. And Phil, just walk us through Snowden's asylum requests and the responses so far.
PHIL BLACK, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yeah, sure, Kristie.
So that big list, which sits at a total of 21, is already beginning to shrink somewhat considerably there. You mentioned Russia, that's not going to work. Ecuador is not looking likely either for the reasons that you stated. He has to get to Ecuador first, which is looking pretty tricky. And we've heard a series of nos already from other countries, including Austria, Poland, Spain, Norway says they'll consider it. India has said no. And Venezuela and Bolivia are really the only two countries so far whose leaders have made fairly encouraging statements supporting Edward Snowden and supporting the need for some country to take him in and protect him, although the leaders of both of those countries say they haven't seen the details of any asylum application just yet.
So it seems at the moment Edward Snowden could face something of a wait here at Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport.
In the meantime, however, he has also released a statement, the first time we've heard from him directly since he fled Hong Kong. And in it, he fiercely criticizes the United States.
BLACK (voice-over): Edward Snowden still has no eminent or obvious option for escaping the Moscow airport he arrived at more than a week ago. In a statement, he says he is unbound in his convictions. The Obama administration is afraid of you. It is afraid of an informed angry public demanding the constitutional government it was promised and it should be.
Snowden with help from Wikileaks has now formally asked 19 more countries for asylum, in addition to his early applications to Ecuador and Iceland. He accuses the United States of using fear and political aggression to block those requests. Now it is being reported after promising not to do so, the president has ordered his vice president to pressure the leaders of nations from which I have requested protection to deny my asylum petitions.
Russia was among the countries Snowden asked to protect him, but he withdrew that after President Vladimir Putin said it's not possible as long as Snowden continues leaking secret U.S. information. Putin said if Snowden wishes to stay in Russia he must, quote, "stop his work aimed at harming our American partners."
The electronics surveillance capabilities Snowden has revealed to the world were first implemented during the administration of George W. Bush. President Bush told CNN's Robyn Curnow Snowden has compromised that program and the United States.
GEORGE W. BUSH, FORMER U.S. PRESIDENT: You know, he damaged the country and the Obama administration will deal with it.
ROBYN CURNOW, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Do you think it's possible for one man to really damage the security of the nation?
BUSH: I think he damaged the security of the country.
BLACK: Now most of the countries that Edward Snowden has applied for are European and they include France and Germany, two countries we know who have been very angry in recent days about America's electronic surveillance programs. So we know they're angry. But I guess a key question is are they angry enough to help Edward Snowden, the man who told the world about that program's capabilities, Kristie.
LU STOUT; All right, Phil Black, giving us the very latest from Moscow, thank you.
Now 10 days have passed since Edward Snowden arrived at Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport. But CNN's team of reporters have yet to spot him there. Now it is possible that he's staying at the Novotel Hotel in the airport complex.
Now travelers with long layovers and without a Russia visa, like Snowden, can book rooms there. But if its reviews on the travel website TripAdvisor are anything to go by, it hasn't got a lot going for it. Now guests without Russian visas describe being herded by security guards from the airport to the hotel and being confined to their sparsely furnished rooms in a blocked off wing.
Now meanwhile, European officials are still fuming over allegations that the U.S. has been spying on EU operations. Germany's Der Spiegel magazine says it was given documents by Edward Snowden showing that the U.S. National Security Agency bugged several European Union offices.
Now U.S. President Barack Obama has responded.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: I guarantee you that in European capitals there are people who are interested in, if not what I had for breakfast, at least what my talking points might be should I end up meeting with their leaders. That's how intelligence services operate.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: And still, the leaked documents are already doing some damage diplomatically. French President Francois Hollande is threatening to stop trade talks with the United States unless the alleged bugging is stopped.
So where in the world could not calling your parents land you in jail? Now the answer is China. Coming up next on News Stream we'll tell you about a new law which makes it mandatory for adults to pay attention to their elderly parents.
LU STOUT: Live from Hong Kong you're back watching News Stream.
Now in many cultures, it is a tradition for grown children to care for their elderly parents. But in China it's now the law. As David McKenzie explains, adults can now face stiff fines or even jail-time if they don't call mom and dad.
DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: An early morning session of Tai Chi. It's a favorite park ritual for China's elderly, so is a touch of gambling, or just sitting and watching the world go by. Most of all, they like to dance.
In many ways, life has gotten better for China's elderly with better access to health insurance and pensions. But the government wants to take it a step further with the elderly rights law.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): We are glad to see this law come into play. Old people still need care, otherwise they will feel so lonely.
MCKENZIE: Under the new law, adults are required to visit or call their parents regularly. Parents could even take their kids to court.
(on camera): On a day like this, it's hard to see what all the fuss is about. But China has a population of some 200 million elderly people. And the country is struggling to cope. The rhythm of Chinese family life is changing.
(voice-over): And increasingly, China's elderly are put in facilities like this: a nursing home and hospice in Beijing that's relocated seven times since the late 80s just to keep up with demand.
China's one-child policy and better health care has created an aging society on an enormous scale. In a country famed for its family ties, those bonds are breaking.
DONG WEI, SURPERVISING NURSE, SONG TANG HOSPICE: In the past, many young Chinese knew that they should live with their parents and take care of them when they are old, but that tradition is dying in China as the economy develops in our society.
MCKENZIE: She says young people are often ashamed to leave their parents here.
But 83-year-old Yao (ph), who is visiting his ailing sister, says this is their future.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): The path of sending elderly to nursing homes in China is inevitable. Young people are able to help elder parents financially, but it isn't possible to rely on young people to take care of their elderly parents.
MCKENZIE: Many Chinese elderly say their own children must focus on work and getting ahead, even if it means knowing that they will be left behind.
David McKenzie, CNN, Beijing.
LU STOUT: Now one political deadline hangs over Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi. Today, another tomorrow. As there are calls for his resignation we will explore what the next 48 hours in Egypt could bring with our chief international correspondent Christiane Amanpour.
And thousands of French workers are moving abroad and taking their talents with them. Find out what is behind the brain drain just ahead.
LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream and these are your world headlines.
Now protesters are demanding the resignation of President Mohamed Morsi in the coming hours. Two of his spokesman have just quit following several ministers who did the same on Monday. Now Mr. Morsi also faces a military imposed deadline for reconciliation. It gave the president and the opposition 48 hours to, quote, meet the demands of the people otherwise the armed forces will step in to restore order.
Now fire crews are still battling a major wildfire in the U.S. state of Arizona. The blaze has ripped through 35 square kilometers since last Friday. An official says the fire is 0 percent contained. and 19 firefighters were killed when the flames suddenly closed in on them on Sunday. And they're being remembered as heroes.
Now seven people have been killed in a suicide attack in Afghanistan. A truck bomb exploded near the front gate of a NATO supplier in Kabul. Now gunmen then attacked the guards. All five attackers were killed. The Taliban have claimed responsibility for the attack.
Now let's return to our top story. We are keeping a close eye on the protests in Egypt. And chief international correspondent Christiane Amanpour was in Egypt when Mohamed Morsi was elected president. She joins us now from CNN New York.
And Christiane, we heard that President Obama, he has talked to Mohamed Morsi, urging him to respond to the protesters, but what can Morsi do now to diffuse this crisis?
CHRISTIANE AMANPOUR, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, it's very unclear, because yes they have had talks, President Obama and Morsi, and indeed the top military official here in the United States with his Egyptian counterpart. But after this ultimatum came from the army yesterday giving Morsi and the opposition 48 hours to resolve the situation, then Morsi's party, basically the Muslim Brotherhood, the presidency and all the others put out a statement saying that -- rejecting, essentially, the ultimatum and saying that the president would make his own route forwards towards sort of national reconciliation.
So we're at a very, very difficult point right now where the army has categorically said that it will step in, in some way. And we don't really know how. We also know that the people feel very strongly that the army is on their side. And we know that they're actually calling for military rule.
But let's not forget that in fact one of the last massive demonstrations was against military rule just before Morsi was elected.
So this is a very, very difficult situation. On the other hand, Morsi finds himself increasingly isolated. As you mentioned, six of his ministers have resigned. All of those are Muslim Brotherhood ministers -- or rather not the Muslim Brotherhood ministers. And he's feeling very, very isolated at the moment.
And the people, the opposition, are not very clear in how they intend to sort of resolve this. They're disunited as we know. And they're refusing Morsi's invitations, and they have done in the past, to have some kind of national reconciliation.
So to call it a standoff would be an understatement. But it's potentially a very difficult one. And if Morsi is deposed by a military coup in some way or form, that would pose a huge problem for the United States, for Europe, then having to deal with the fact that a democratically elected president has been deposed.
So it's a very tough, very sensitive situation right now.
LU STOUT: You know, Christiane, earlier in this show we were screening these incredible live images from Tahrir Square of these Egyptian military Apache helicopters flying over Tahrir Square. The protesters, most of them cheering underneath our Ian Lee live at the scene saying the majority of Egyptians support the military. Are you seeing that the military is not exactly on the side of the people.
AMANPOUR: Well, it's hard to tell. The military did not say that. And both sides have been claiming that the military is on their side, at least they were yesterday.
The people, obviously, have been cheering and shouting for them. And it's a vast and massive difference from the last time the military conducted a flyover of Tahrir Square was back in January, February 2011 under the Mubarak regime. And at that time I was there and the people were furious that the military was flying low and making that show of support, or rather show of strength.
So, you know, it's a very, very tough situation. We don't know what the military is going to do. Does the military really want to run the country again? The last time was pretty catastrophic. They didn't really get a handle on the economy. And in the end, what was a very popular move by Morsi, this sounds so ironic today, was when he actually dissolved the sort of military group that was ruling the country and put the military back into their barracks.
Well, now we've had a year of Morsi and a democratically elected president and the people simply don't like it. They believe he's way too beholden to the Muslim Brotherhood. They think that they're creating not a democracy, but sort of accumulating power for themselves, and more importantly that the economy has not been well managed they say over the last year.
So this is a major situation that's unfolding there, huge test of the first democracy in Egypt.
And of course, Egypt is a major western ally, a major U.S. ally, and a major strong point in that region. It's also one of the only two Arab countries that has a peace treaty with Israel.
So in every regard, this is a very important situation and we hope that it's going to be resolved without bloodshed.
LU STOUT: Yeah, very important, because there's so much at stake. Christiane, you interviewed Mohamed Morsi last year when he was a candidate. Now he's a president under pressure. What is your sense of him as a political survivor? Can he stay in power?
AMANPOUR: Well, again, that's very hard to tell. The people clearly are saying no. And they are out in massive, massive numbers. The ministers are, you know, resigning, at least six have resigned. That's a big deal. And the army is saying, listen, get your act together or we're going to step in. And it doesn't seem that, you know, time is running out. We've got less than 24 hours now for this to be resolved.
What will the army do? This is what we don't know. They haven't really laid out a roadmap for what they will do. Do they really want to get back in and govern again? Probably not. Would they like to stand aside and have their own appointed, I don't know, ruling party for a short while? Are they going to prepare for new elections? There's a lot of questions. And we simply don't know what's going to happen.
Yesterday I spoke to a Muslim Brotherhood official and he said that perhaps the best thing to do would be to prepare for new parliamentary elections. You know, others want to see the constitution dissolve, because they believe it's way too Islamist and they want a much more inclusive constitution.
The opposition, as I said, have shown themselves to be obviously anti- Morsi, but in every other respect unable to put forth a platform or to show that they are serious about trying to engage in national dialogue, or reconciliation with Morsi. He's tried a couple of times. Some would say it's not been that -- that hard an effort on his part, but on the other hand, the opposition has not wanted to come towards reconciliation with him as well. They simply see it as a zero sum game -- go, or else we stay out in the streets.
When I interviewed Morsi just before he was president he told me that he wanted to be president for all Egyptians and this was going to be a democracy, not an Islamist democracy. Clearly that hasn't happened. And his perception of, frankly, being unable to govern and being sort of politically incompetent in this regard is what's causing all of this problem right now.
LU STOUT: Yeah. And the next 24 hours so critical for the fate of Morsi and the fate of the nation. Christiane, thank you so much for walking us through the key issues here. Christiane Amanpour joining us live from CNN New York. Thank you.
Now let's take a look at what some prominent Egyptians are saying.
Now this tweet, it's from Sand Monkey (ph). He says, "theocracy failed here." Now that is the Twitter handle of Mahmoud Salaam (ph), a popular blogger who journaled the 2011 revolution.
And the activist Wael Ghonim helped spearhead those protests. And now he says, "once again, the power of the people is stronger than the people in power."
Now Gigi Ibrahim also demonstrated in Tahrir Square both then and now. And she tweeted, quote, "democracy of the streets is much more meaningful than the democracy of the ballot box. We are the revolution." And she also says that only a revolutionary alternative can prevent a military coup.
Now another warning comes from the Egyptian-American journalist Mona Ettahawy. She writes from New York, "gentle reminder #SCAF (that's a reference to Egypt's armed forces) was not and is not a friend of the revolution."
Now the unemployment rate in France is at its highest level in 15 years. The national statistics agency announced last month that the rate now stands at 10.4 percent. And many who wanted to start their own businesses find it difficult because of high taxes and layers of red tape.
So as Jim Bittermann reports a lot of them, particularly young people, are seeking opportunity abroad.
DIDIER DELMER, BUSINESS BOOSTER LIMITED: Basically, today in 2013 France exports its talents and imports the (inaudible).
JIM BITTERMANN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Didier Delmer has some justification for that opinion. A Frenchman living in London, he's made a business out of helping his fellow citizens who want to leave and resettle elsewhere.
DELMER: They come to us, because France is a fiscal hell, OK. And our business booster, we help French entrepreneurs relocate to business and tax friendly London.
BITTERMANN: And with by some estimates 300,000 French now living in London, some in Paris joke that London is becoming the fifth largest French city.
But why pick up and leave your homeland? For some like Laurent Villerouge, it is the lack of venture capital and an over abundance of red tape. Villerouge created a system that makes electricity out of the pressure of passing footsteps on sidewalks and can use it to power street lights. He had a successful trial run in the city of Toulouse, and in the years since, he's been trying unsuccessfully to find someone in France willing to become a partner in his project.
LAURENT VILLEROUGE, ENTREPRENEUR: Everybody told me you have an amazing idea, a (inaudible) idea. But nobody wants to put $1 in project.
BITTERMANN: So now Villerouge is leaving, taking his idea to the U.S. where he says several energy companies are interested in developing it.
But even more worrisome for some, perhaps, are people like Gilles Saraf, a product of France's free education and one of the best business schools, he found it impossible to get in his major business negotiation. So he's now learning how to make crepes, because after thorough study he's planning on taking his entrepreneurial spirit and brain power and moving to Lima, Peru to open what he hopes will one day be a chain of creperies.
GILLES SARAF, BUSINESS SCHOOL GRADUATE (through translator): It's a shame that France can lose people who have a business spirit, who want to create businesses, because France also needs entrepreneurs. But unfortunately does not give them the right means to allow the entrepreneurs to stay here and conceptualize their business.
BITTERMANN: Those in government seem unable to stem the outgoing tide. The minister in charge of small business recognizes that there are 60,000 French young people working in America's Silicon Valley, for example. Taking a positive bent, she says she hopes that'll give them some international experience.
FLEUR PELLERIN, FRENCH MINISTER OF SMALL BUSINESS & DIGITAL ECONOMY: It's a great asset for them. But I think we need to create the conditions for these people, these entrepreneurs, these people who take risk to come back to France and to set their own business in France and create jobs in France.
BITTERMANN: Two specific programs the minister pointed to are ones that would free up venture capital and remove bureaucratic requirements for business startups.
In the meantime, there is little patience among those who want to leave. According to one recent survey, a quarter of French young people now say they see their future outside the country.
And Didier Delmer's phone in London has not stopped ringing.
DELMER: France is going down the drain, completely. And all the brains are leaving. Now, you have to ask me give me one reason why they should stay in France. Because of the cuisine? We can cook anywhere in the world.
BITTERMANN: Jim Bittermann, CNN, Paris.
LU STOUT: And as we saw in Jim's reports, some French citizens are looking to relocate to London. They'd be joining more than 400,000 of their countrymen already living in the English capital. And here in Asia, Hong Kong has the biggest French ex-pat population in the region. At least 15,000 French citizens call this city home right now.
Now mobile phones running a brand new operating system, they went on sale on Monday. Now Firefox OS, the ZTE Open and Alcatel Fire Touch are the first are the first two phones running the new OS.
Let's take a closer look now at it. Now Firefox OS, it was developed by the nonprofit Mozilla, known for the Firefox web browser, it is an open source operating system like Google's Android. So companies are free to customize the software. But there's one crucial difference, apps for Firefox OS are built on the web. And that means virtually anyone who knows how to make apps for the web can make apps for the Firefox OS, making it much easier to develop for than Google's Android or Apple's iOS.
Now Firefox OS phones also have one huge advantage, they're cheap. The ZTE Open sells for just $90 in Spain.
And we spoke to Mozilla's Mitchell Baker about Firefox OS back in February and she told me that it's all part of the plan.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MITCHELL BAKER, CHAIRWOAN, MOZILLA: Ultimately we hope to bring this integration of the web and apps to everyone and part of our mission -- we're the nonprofit organization, so part of our mission is to bring openness and innovation and competitiveness to everyone.
But the biggest unmet need right now is in the emerging market where millions -- or billions potentially of people will be coming to the internet from a feature phone for the first time ever. And so when they come to the internet, we'd like that set of people to have a beautiful experience, elegant, affordable, and also to have access to the content and the experiences of the last decade.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: As Mitchell Baker points out, a smartphone could be the way people access the internet for the first time. And there are certainly new markets. According to the International Telecommunications Union, only 16 percent of the population in Africa use the internet.
Now still to come, what goes up must come down. And fortunately it doesn't happen like this very often. A Russian rocket explodes shortly after takeoff.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
And we've got a rags to riches story for you this week on Leading Women. Now Zhang Xin has risen from poverty to become one of only a handful of self-made female billionaires in China. And Pauline Chiou met with the CEO of SOHO China, one of the country's largest real estate companies.
PAULINE CHIOU, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Travel to Beijing or Shanghai these days and Zhang Xin's work is all around you.
ZHANG XIN, CEO, SOHO, CHINA: It's the tallest building we've ever built. Nobody really came up with three manmade mountains, right. So that's what we thought it was, oh, this is amazing.
CHIOU: Her ambition and creative vision is the force behind SOHO China, one of the country's most prominent property developers, known for its large architecturally daring projects -- 16 in Beijing, 12 in Shanghai, and 1 in Hainan.
Zhang founded SOHO with her husband Pan Shiyi in 1995, a far cry from her first job on a factory floor.
XIN: I think everybody comes from nowhere, that's the thing about China right, everybody comes from -- nobody comes with money. Our generation. We were lucky to be alive.
CHIOU: What is it about China and the women of your generation that allows them to achieve that highest level?
XIN: I think women of our generation went through cultural revolution, went through hardship, went through -- coming from nowhere and suddenly see, you know, China has been given so amazing opportunity. So women just seized the opportunity, or people just seized the opportunity. And in this regard, I think women in China are given more opportunities than outside. And that's why you see more self-made billionaires -- women billionaires than elsewhere I think in the world.
CHIOU: Zhang brought to the table experience in banking and a love of design. Her husband had ambition and business savvy. Together, they built SOHO China into a company worth more than $3 billion.
To rise to the top, Zhang says women must be fearless and go for their dreams even if it means resisting social norms.
XIN: Hardly any men, no matter how well to do, you wouldn't think that, oh I'll stay at home, but a lot of women, despite being very smart, well well educated, still at some point decide oh it's more comfortable to stay at home. Those are the real barriers stopping women to go far.
CHIOU: When you go into a room for negotiations, I imagine you're walking into a room of mostly men and probably men who are mostly older than you. As a woman, as a CEO of SOHO, how do you approach that situation when you walk in the door?
XIN: I don't think about -- you know, those are the moments I don't think of myself as a woman, you know, I'm just coming in to do a deal. I need to get it done.
LU STOUT: I like that quote there.
Now next week, we'll have more on the path that Zhang Xin took to make it to the top and how she balances her work in the board room with a family life.
Now meanwhile, you can find out more about our Leading Women series by going to CNN.com/LeadingWomen.
Now just ahead here on News Stream, meet Buttercup, a duck waddling around in the U.S. state of Tennessee on a prosthetic foot made by a 3D printer.
LU STOUT: Welcome back. You're watching News Stream.
In a few minutes, we'll continue our series showing how some Haitians are coming up with an ecofriendly solution to its sewage problem. But now to Russia where authorities are investigating the failed launch of this unmanned rocket.
Now it exploded just seconds after liftoff in Kazakhstan. The Proton- M rocket was carrying three navigation satellites when it lost control and slammed into the ground. There have been no casualties reported, but the fiery crash has raised fears of poisonous smoke in the area. Russian media report that the contamination could shut down the Cosmodrome for up to three months. The cargo mission to the International Space Station is scheduled to launch from there on July 24.
Now Haiti is one of the most densely populated and least developed countries in the western hemisphere. And the shanty town of Cite Soleil is notorious for its lack of sanitation. Part of our special Going Green feature called Earth, CNN special correspondent Philippe Cousteau traveled to Haiti. And he found some Haitians are turning their sewage problem into a growing solution.
PHILIPPE COUSTEAU, CNN SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT: It's almost incredible to think that this sewage canal is more than three meters, about 10 feet deep, because it's so clogged with garbage, people walk across it. Daniel Tilias (ph) grew up here. He's a community leader driven to create healthier lifestyles and a greener environment.
But where does it go?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It goes unfortunately straight in the ocean. This is a shame.
COUSTEAU: It's awful.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It is awful.
COUSTEAU: Daniel (ph) has teamed with others to find local solutions to their unsanitary problems. He created a garden on land that used to be a garbage dumping area. They use trash as vegetable containers. Everything is reused and recycled. Everything.
(on camera): This is actually really interesting. Right behind me, it's a toilet, but it's not a regular toilet, it's a composting eco toilet that was installed by an organization called SOIL. They've put in several of them around the area, because there's no formal sewage treatment system here. So they've taken a problem like human waste and turn it into a solution, compost, they can use then to grow these gardens.
This is the first step. Now let's go take a look at the final product.
And one of the first things that came to my mind when I heard about this was raw sewage, the ick factor, but what SOIL has done is ingenius, they actually take the human waste, they cart it off, and they put it in special areas where over six to nine months in a big mound, the heat builds up inside killing all the pathogens.
So then they're able to distribute it to the gardens. They've built enough composting toilets to service about 25,000 people creating 150,000 gallons of compost over the last few years. Absolutely remarkable.
(voice-over): Their compost has brought nutrients into the soil, which provides vegetables to the people of this impoverished era proving even in the harshest conditions people can find a way to create a healthier solution and change lives.
LU STOUT: And each day this week, we'll highlight a different part of Philippe's journey in Haiti. Tomorrow, he'll show us a miracle tree with an impressive source of disease preventing nutrients. And this weekend, we'll have a special half hour feature Going Green: Earth right here on CNN.
And finally, the story of a little duck that could. Buttercup was born with a birth defect, an inverted foot that made it difficult for him to get around. But as Pamela Brown shows us, Buttercup is now walking properly thanks to some 3D technology.
PAMELA BROWN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This little guy is no ordinary duck, take a look at this amazing video of Buttercup taking his first steps on a prosthetic foot created in part by a 3D printer.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Look at him go. Oh, my gosh, look at him.
BROWN: Mike Garey has been rescuing and caring for dozens of ducks and geese at the Feathered Angels Sanctuary in Tennessee for seven years, but he's never had a duck like Buttercup before.
When Buttercup was hatched as part of a biology project at a local high school, students noticed a crippling birth defect. That's when Garey took Buttercup under his wing.
MIKE GAREY, FEATHERED ANGELS SANCTUARY: Buttercup is unique. It's worth doing, you know, it's worth doing to help him out.
BROWN: The misformed foot was causing Buttercup so much pain it had to be amputated, leaving Buttercup with a pegleg that he barely managed to hobble around on.
But Gary had a plan to fix that.
GAREY: I just kind of thought, well, let me think out of the box and come up with -- why can't I just make him a real foot.
BROWN: Using Buttercup's sister Minnie's (ph) foot as a model, Garey created a 3D computer image. He sent it to NovaCopy, a 3D printing company in Nashville, which donated its services to create an identical plastic replica. Garey and a team then worked tirelessly to recreate the hard plastic foot in a softer easier to use silicon version.
And finally proving he's no chicken, Buttercup bravely walked around on his own two feet.
Pamela Brown, CNN, New York.
LU STOUT: And look at it go, it's incredible.
And that is News Stream, but the news continues at CNN. World Business Today is next.