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Adly Mansourt Sworn In As Egypt's Interim President; Bolivian President Furious Over Plane's Diversion Over European Airspace; Star Wars Dubbed Into Navajo; Statue of Liberty Reopens; Rainy Season Begins On Korean Peninsula
Aired July 4, 2013 - 08:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to NEWS STREAM -- where news and technology meet.
Now Egypt's new president is sworn in. And we'll look at what happens next for the country.
Latin American leaders express their anger that the Bolivian president's plane was forced to make a detour because of speculation that Edward Snowden was on board.
And he changed the way we use computers. The man who invented the mouse dies.
Egypt has a new interim president. Top judge Adly Mansour says his new authority comes from the Egyptian people, but it was the military that put him in power.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ADLY MANSOUR, EGYPTIAN INTERIM PRESIDENT (through translator): I receive with very greatness and happiness, the order so I could be appointed as president during the transitional period. And the ones who have issued this order is the great people of this Egypt. And it is a source of all the authorities after the 20th of June to amend and collect the revolution of the 25th of January 2011.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Now thousands of people celebrated with fireworks over Tahrir Square after the military forced Mohamed Morsy out of office on Wednesday. Now the armed forces have not said where he is right now.
But the Muslim Brotherhood, the organization that propelled Morsy to power, says the former president is under house arrest. And Morsy supporters also gathered in large numbers on Wednesday shouting down with military rule.
Now Adly Mansour's appointment as interim president is just one part of the road map for the country's future as laid out by the head of Egypt's armed forces. The constitution has also been suspended and will be rewritten.
Now Colonel General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has also promised new parliamentary and presidential elections, but there is no word yet on when those might be held.
Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei says this is a new era for Egypt.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MOHAMED ELBARADEI, OPPOSITION LEADER (through translator): A road map, which was agreed upon today is a correction to the way of the revolution, the great revolution and the response to the demands of the Egyptian people everywhere.
The road map guarantees (inaudible) being the principle demand of the Egyptian people in having an early presidential elections through an interim period through which the constitution will be amended so we can all of us build it together and we agree on democratic constitution to guarantee our freedoms.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Now Mohamed ElBaradei is one of the opposition and religious leaders sharing the stage with Egypt's military chief when he announced that Morsy had been ousted.
Let's cross over live to Cairo. Ian Lee is close to Tahrir Square. He joins us now live. And Ian, the military has put forward this road map for Egypt's political future. And it seems for now to be sharing the stage with civilian leaders. So will it all go smoothly from here?
IAN LEE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Kristie, it was very important for them to share the stage with the civilian leaders. And as you said, you said Mohamed ElBaradei, but you also saw the head of the Coptic church, the largest Christian denomination here in Egypt, the pope of the Coptic Church. You also saw the Sheikh of Al Azhar. And that is the premier school of Sunni Islam in the world.
It was important that those two people there as well as people who represented the Tamarod Campaign. And that is the campaign that ordered, or that organized the June 30 protests which lead to what we saw yesterday, a very important thing.
But it all comes down now to the new president, Adly Mansour. He pledged an oath to the people of Egypt. Listen to what he had to say.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ADLY MANSOUR, INTERIM PRESIDENT OF EGYPT (through translator): I swear by Allah that I will remain faithful and I will respect the law and this transition. And then I will take care of the interests of the people and preserve the independence of this country and all its territory.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LEE: Now there was three other things that I thought were interesting in that speech, Kristie. First, he praised the youth and he encouraged them to continue defending the revolution. Another thing he said was that people should not worship their leadership, but only God, that worshipping leadership can only lead to tyranny. A direct reference -- for his direct reference to the Muslim Brotherhood.
And another thing he mentioned was that security, instability, he's going to work on improving that. And that is going to be key for the future of Egypt.
That's easier said than done. Right now in the streets there's not as much security as we've seen in the past last two years. And that's going to be crucial to reviving the economy here in Egypt, Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yeah, interesting comments there from Egypt's new interim leader designed to provide some reassurance, that's for sure.
But where is Mohamed Morsy? I mean, sources are telling us that he is under house arrest. And also, what is next for Morsy and his supporters?
LEE: Well, that is what we're hearing. He is under house arrest. And we're also hearing from a state news agency that members of the Muslim Brotherhood, 300 people in total, are being sought by the authorities, other major arrests are being made -- one, the former speaker of parliament, the head of parliament Katatny was also arrested. So it doesn't seem like they really have a future right now. They're either being arrested or under house arrest.
Egypt is going to need to somehow have a dialogue with these people. They cannot marginalize them and push them to the side, they're going to have to bring them back into the democratic process if they hope to have a stable Egypt progress in the future.
LU STOUT: That's right, there needs to be this dialogue. And there are fears of a potential backlash. You've been reporting all week about the divide in Egyptian society during this crisis. Could there be more unrest ahead?
LEE: Well, Kristie, we've seen a lot of violence during the past few days. We've seen dozens of people killed in clashes between the supporters of former President Mohamed Morsy and those who oppose him. Now the real big question is what are his supporters going to do now?
A lot of those supporters have said they will pick up arms. They will use violence if anyone were to try to depose Morsy. Well, that has happened. So now the question is are they going to go through with these promises that they made?
The army, though, has said that they won't allow any group to try to use arms to reverse the decision that was just made. It could make for some very tense times and some very violent times ahead if these two sides do actually engage each other.
LU STOUT: That's right. And Ian Lee joining us live from Cairo with the very latest. Thank you.
Now the Egyptian military was instrumental in pushing out Mohamed Morsy. It also played a key role two years ago when Hosni Mubarak stepped down. Atika Shubert has more on the military's influence in Egypt over the years.
ATIKA SHUBERT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Is Egypt's military a hero, stepping in to restore order, or does it threaten to put the country under indefinite military rule? Well, since the 1952 coup d'etat by Gamal Abdel Nasser, the military has always been crucial to securing and maintaining political power in Egypt.
The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, or SCAF is massive. More than 450,000 personnel taking up 3 percent of the country's budget. And under President Hosni Mubarak, a former military chief himself, retired officers staffed the highest levels of government.
In 2011 when protesters filled Tahrir Square and demanded Mubarak step down, it was the military that offered to run the country for six months to widespread public support.
But six months turned into 17. And when Islamist Mohamed Morsy was elected president, the military gave up the reigns of power.
Now since then, the military has for the most part stayed on the sidelines, but when millions filled the streets again calling for Morsy to leave, the military weighed in once again.
For now, the generals have the support of anti-government protesters, hoping perhaps that they will safeguard the country's unruly transition to democracy without overstaying their welcome.
Atika Shubert, CNN, London.
LU STOUT: Now the man at the helm of Egypt's military is Colonel General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. He is the commander-in-chief of the Egyptian armed forces and also serves as Defense Minister. And he was appointed to that position by Mohamed Morsy replacing General Mohamed Hussain Tantawi who was forced by Morsy to step down last August.
Now the 58-year-old served as a military attache in Saudi Arabai during Hosni Mubarak's presidency. And after the 2011 revolution, al-Sisi was appointed as head of military intelligence.
Now U.S. President Barack Obama has expressed deep concern about the Egyptian military's removal of Mohamed Morsy. Mr. Obama discussed the situation with U.S. national security officials on Wednesday. Here is a photo of that meeting which was posted on the White House Flickr account.
Now Mr. Obama issued a written statement calling for a quick transition to civilian rule in Egypt. But the administration was very careful with the words it used.
Let's get more now with CNN's Athena Jones. She joins us now live from Washington. And Athena, how has President Obama reacted to the turn of events in Egypt?
ATHENA JONES, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Good morning, Kristie. Well, of course he's reacted with deep concern. This is a situation the White House has been closely monitoring. Egypt, a key U.S. ally in the region and a country the U.S. wants to see stable.
As you mentioned, he put out a statement after meeting with his national security team yesterday expressing deep concerns about the military's decision to oust Morsy and to suspend the constitution. He went on to say I now call on the Egyptian military to move quickly and responsibly to return full authority back to a democratically elected civilian government as soon as possible through an inclusive and transparent process and to avoid any arbitrary arrest of President Morsy and his supporters.
Of course we know from former President Morsy's supporters that he is now under house arrest. But it's very interesting to watch the wording of the president's statement here. One thing I'll note. He said a democratically elected government, not the democratically elected government, which of course might indicate that he's looking to have them reinstall Morsy.
That's not the case. He believes -- and he has said -- administration officials have said it's up to the Egyptians to determine their own future.
So that's an interesting wording there, Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yeah, the wording has to be very careful as the United States is in a delicate diplomatic position here.
What kind of leverage does the U.S. have to make sure the Egyptian military stays on track?
JONES: Well, what's interesting here is another part of that wording, the careful wording the U.S. has used. And that is to say the president did not use the word coup. In the instance of a military coup, U.S. law dictates that aid to Egypt, in this case $1.5 billion a year, must be cut off. And so it's very interesting to see them not use that word coup. It might be a way of signaling perhaps to the military not only do they need to make this transition to democratic rule very quickly, but hinting that this is something that's under review, this money that goes to Egypt every single year -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: OK.
And now that we know that the United States has this aid relationship with the Egyptian military, at what point will the United States feel compelled to take action and perhaps pull some of that aid away?
JONES: Well, I think they're going to be closely monitoring this situation as they have been. And they certainly sent signals of what they want the military to do.
I will say that under that same U.S. law there are caveats. The secretary of state can say that aid should be continued because it's in the national interests of the U.S. And as I mentioned, Egypt being a key ally in the region, the most populous country in the Arab world and key to the U.S. in some many ways in terms of, for instance, maintaining access to the Suez Canal for the oil trade. And of course peace in the Middle East, the agreement that Egypt has with Israel. These are all important things that the U.S. wants to protect and maintain while also promoting democracy and economic growth.
And so those are the things they're going to be considering as they try to figure out what to do about this aid.
I think one thing we know here is that they're not calling it a coup right now. And I think that word, coup, the fact they're not using it, is a big signal there, Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yeah, a very tricky policy scenario for the United States.
Athena Jones joining us live from the White House. Thank you.
Now there's also been reaction from other international leaders. The British Prime Minister David Cameron gave his response just a short time ago.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DAVID CAMERON, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: Well, we never support -- and William made this clear -- we never support in countries the intervention by the military. But what now needs to happen, what we need to happen now in Egypt is for democracy to flourish and for a genuine democratic transition to take place. And all parties need to be involved in that. And that's what Britain and our allies will be saying very clearly to the Egyptians.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: David Cameron there.
Now, the search for U.S. intelligence leaker Edward Snowden, meanwhile, is causing friction across the globe. Ecuador's president is back home and furious after his plane was held up in Europe. We've got details from Quito next.
Plus, Going Green and changing a community. Now a tree planting project is cultivating new hope for farmers in Haiti.
And remembering Douglas Engelbart. You may not know his name, but he invented something you probably use every day: the computer mouse.
LU STOUT: Welcome back. You're watching NEWS STREAM.
And you're looking at a visual version of all the stories we've got in the show today.
Now we started with the inauguration of Egypt's new interim president Adly Mansour. And later we'll take you to the reopening of an American icon, the Statue of Liberty is opening just in time for the Independence Day.
But now to South America where leaders are expressing their outrage that Bolivia's presidential plane was held up in Europe this week.
Now they say Washington fueled rumors that the intelligence leaker Edward Snowden was on the plane prompting a number of European countries to deny overflight rights.
Now the leaders of Bolivia, Brazil, Cuba, Ecuador and Venezuela have all condemned the incident. And the union of South American nations has called it, quote, a dangerous act. And the group is due to meet on the matter later today.
Now Matthew Chance is following reaction throughout the region. He joins me now live from Quito in Ecuador. And Matthew, we know that France has apologized to Bolivia, but surely that's not enough to diffuse all the anger there across the region.
MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: That's right. France has indeed apologized to Bolivia and to its president Evo Morales, saying they didn't realize that the president was on board the plane when they didn't immediately grant it permission to fly through its air space.
But the Bolivians, rather, are also extremely angry with other European countries as well -- with Italy, with Spain, with Portugal, all of whom they say diverted the presidential plane and forced it essentially to land in a country that would allow it to land, in this case Austria.
It's led to absolute outrage around the region, I can tell you.
Evo Morales is back in Bolivia now. It took him some 15 hours to get back. But reaction throughout the region has been, as I say, quite outraged.
Cristina Fernandez de Kircher of Argentina, the leader there, saying it's not only a humiliation to a sister country, but for the entire continent of South America.
The Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, saying that the action of the European countries was disproportionate and unacceptable aggression.
Ecuador's President Rafael Correa has tweeted that he expresses solidarity with Evo Morales and what he calls the brave Bolivian people.
But the fieriest reaction has been reserved for Evo Morales himself. He's been blaming the United States for putting pressure on European countries for doing this. Take a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
EVO MORALES, PRESIDENT OF BOLIVIA (through translator): The empire and its servants believe they can intimidate a president, harass the people and the social movements that are fighting for their liberation. But they will not succeed, because we are not in the time of empires or colonies.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHANCE: Well, the union of South American states, UNASUL as it's called, has called an emergency meeting of heads of state in Bolivia to discuss this issue. That meeting is expected to convene later on today, Kristie.
LU STOUT: And when that meeting convenes. I mean, what is going to be the outcome? What do they want to achieve as a group?
CHANCE: Well, that's not entirely clear. They've already issued a joint statement basically condemning these actions of European countries, but not allowing that presidential plane to pass through the air space.
The idea of meeting is so they can formulate some kind of unified response. It's not exactly clear what they can do rather than issue another strongly worded statement.
I have to say, though, many of the countries that are convening in Bolivia for this emergency meeting have been strong supporters of Edward Snowden's asylum case, countries like Venezuela, Ecuador and indeed Bolivia itself have emerged as the most likely countries where Edward Snowden may go to if he's ever granted asylum.
At the moment, the calculation appears to have been that the economic consequences for those countries have just been too great for it to actually extend asylum to Edward Snowden.
But, you know, you never know. I mean, there is a possibility that this political dispute over the airspace could tip the balance in the other direction.
LU STOUT: Now the Snowden affair in general has turned into a diplomatic mess for the United States. I mean, how damaging has it been for U.S. interests there across Latin America?
CHANCE: I think it's been, you know, pretty damaging, although I have to say that the countries that are mos outspoken against the United States over the Edward Snowden affair and over the leaks and the information that's emerged about how the United States spies on other countries, and on its own people of course, are the most criticism is coming from countries that are already kind of fundamentally opposed to U.S. foreign policy.
I mean, Bolivia, for instance, its leader Evo Morales, has been a firebrand critic of the United States railing against what he calls U.S. imperialism, all part of this sort of group of South American countries perhaps lead by Fidel Castro -- you know, the Castros in Cuba and their anti-imperialist sort of agenda who have been fiercely critical of the United States. Venezuela is another one. Ecuador, too. They've also been sort of leading the criticism of the United States over the Snowden affair as well, Kristie.
LU STOUT: But as you point out these are countries that are supporters of Snowden, but not quite ready to take him in for a variety of reasons. Matthew Chance reporting live for us from Quito, thank you.
Now you may remember back when Snowden first spoke out here in Hong Kong. He called himself just another guy. At that time, he told Britain's Guardian Newspaper, quote, "I don't want public attention, because I don't want the story to be about me, I want it to be about what the U.S. government is doing."
But it's clear that the story has become much wider than the exposure of controversial intelligence practices in the U.S. It set off debates and protests here in Hong Kong over whether or not Snowden should be extradited. It also led to accusations from China of cyber surveillance hypocrisy. And now EU ambassadors are meeting to discuss claims revealed by Edward Snowden that Washington spied on its European allies.
Now you're watching NEWS STREAM. And coming up next, growing their way to a better tomorrow. Haitian farmers turn an environmental project into a business boom.
LU STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong, you're back watching NEWS STREAM.
And all this week, CNN's Going Green series has been reporting on a number of reforestation and agricultural projects in Haiti, all of which are trying to create growth out of dry, barren land. And today, special correspondent Philippe Cousteau takes us inside the country where progressive environmental project is becoming a successful business.
PHILIPPE COUSTEAU, CNN SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT: This is what most of Haiti's landscape looks like today. It suffers from one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world. Less than 2 percent of the country's tree cover remains. The major reason why is because most of the population still depends on charcoal for energy and cooking, charcoal that comes from the ever shrinking woodlands.
It's a vicious cycle, but it can be broken.
Near the city of Gonaives, about a three hour drive from the capital, we meet the co-founders of Smallholder Farmers Alliance. Hugh Locke and Timote Georges created a farming co-op with a simple formula -- plant trees, half for profit and half for reforestation.
TIMOTE GEORGE, SMALLHOLDER FARMERS ALLIANCE: The farmers in Haiti have never been at the table discussing environmental problems. Now they have this opportunity.
HUGH LOCKE, SMALLHOLDER FARMERS ALLIANCE: You just can't ask farmers to go out and plant trees. There's no, you know, public campaign that's going to achieve this goal. You have to be able to help farmers have more income from their crop side.
COUSTEAU: There are 2,000 farmers here. And so far, they've planed more than 2 million trees.
LOCKE: So the farmers themselves manage to grow a million trees a year in eight nurseries and then coordinate the transplanting of those trees onto the farmer's land and community land.
What I hadn't counted on was that the community would be transformed, because suddenly there was hope and there was a structure. And so the community had a way to deal with issues. And so that's been to me the most rewarding thing that seeing that community transformation.
LU STOUT: And Philippe will be back tomorrow to show us how some Haitian farmers are using trees to prevent diseases and natural disasters. It's all part of a new half hour Going Green special called Earth. You could see it here this weekend on CNN.
Now you're watching NEWS STREAM. And since Egypt's President was pushed out of office less than 24 hours ago, CNN's Christiane Amanpour has spoken to leaders of the anti-Morsy movement and the Muslims Brotherhood. We'll get her perspective on this new dawn next.
LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching NEWS STREAM and these are your world headlines.
Now Egypt's top judge Adly Mansour has been sworn in as interim president. He was installed by Egypt's military chiefs a day after the army ousted democratically elected president Mohamed Morsy. Well, the state run news agency says leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood's political party have been taken into custody.
Now, South Africa has just released the latest update on former president Nelson Mandela's health. Now the 94-year-old remains in critical, but stable condition. And President Jacob Zuma visited his Pretoria hospital earlier on Thursday. Mr. Zuma thanked the nation and people around the world for their continued support.
Now South Korean officials have reached out to the North to restart talks over a jointly run factory complex. The Kaesong Industrial Zone was closed in May during heightened tensions between Seoul and Pyongyang. Now the South has now proposed working level talks with officials across the border to reopen the complex.
Now let's talk about the wider implications of what's happening in Egypt. Our chief international correspondent Christiane Amanpour joins us live from CNN New York. And Christiane, we know that Morsy is out, Egypt is moving on. There is a new civilian interim leader in place already sworn in. Do you think this so-called military roadmap will be successful, it will lead to a successful transition to civilian rule?
CHRISTIAN AMANPOUR, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Kristie Lu, everything is depending on that. They have gambled big and they have to deliver.
What they'd done is ousted the first democratically elected government and that is because the people in the streets basically said that he had not delivered. But it's also, as you know very well, a real fault line between secular, liberal young people and Islamists.
So this is what's happened. The first experiment in an Islamic tinged democracy has been toppled. So now, what happens next, will the opposition be able to use this intervening time to really form itself into coherent parties to be able to stand as an alternative to the Muslim Brotherhood.
The Muslim Brotherhood has been really the only organization in Egypt that was capable of standing people for election and winning. The other organized side was the remnants of the Mubarak regime and his party, plus the military.
So that's what you have in Egypt, a balance of power between Muslim Brotherhood and military. And now you're going to see whether in the middle of all of this that people power that we've seen are going to be able to deliver a viable political alternative. And that's crucial.
The other thing that's crucial is that this interim government set out clear timelines for parliamentary elections, presidential elections, rewriting and amending elements of the constitution. And if they can get this back as soon as possible onto a civilian track.
Because Kristie Lu, no matter what anybody calls it, the military is running the show right now.
LU STOUT: The military is indeed running the show right now.
Mohamed Morsy believed to be under house arrest. Is that what your sources are telling you?
AMANPOUR: Well, that is what people are saying, indeed. And in fact Egyptian reports are saying, news reports there are saying that while he is under house arrest, they say in one of the presidential guard compound apparently where he worked, other members of the Muslim Brotherhood, including the leader of the Freedom and Justice Party, its political wing, and others have been arrested and taken to jail.
Some have suggested the same jail in which president -- former President Hosni Mubarak is at the moment.
What you have is a whole series of arrest warrants which we heard last night for about 300 Muslim Brotherhood officials has been put out. And you had the military and other security officials go to various television stations.
Now this is something that, also, we have to keep a very close eye on, because the minute you start running around closing down television stations, radio stations, that becomes a very dicey thing if you're talking about a democratic interim period.
And one also has to be concerned about a backlash from the Muslim Brotherhood. As you know, they are extremely angry and anxious about what's happened. They cloaked themselves in the legitimacy of being the first democratically elected president and movement. And they have said they consider this an illegitimate takeover.
So we hope very, very profoundly that there won't be violence unleashed, but clearly there's going to be a lot of tension.
LU STOUT: We hope for no violence, we hope for no further unrest, but there is a lot of tensions as you mentioned these pro-Islamist TV stations being shut down overnight as well as a number of arrests of members of the Muslim Brotherhood.
From the U.S. perspective, what does Washington want to see happen next in Egypt?
AMANPOUR: Well, President Obama delivered -- the White House under his name delivered a lengthy paper statement last night in which they express concern that President Morsy had been toppled by the military. They did not call it a coup, because everybody is playing a word game right now. And the U.S. has laws which say that if it is, in fact, a military coup then all sorts of aid and other such relationships have to be reexamined. And so they don't want to pull that trigger at the moment.
But President Obama has said that it wants to see a civilian democratic rule restored to Egypt just as soon as possible.
And I think again we're going to have to wait and watch. We remember very, very clearly the military taking over after President Mubarak stepped down, was in power for more than a year, and in the end it was President Morsy who sent them back to their barracks after his election. And that was the last time huge numbers of people came out into the street to get the military out of politics.
So let's see how they run things this time. What this interim leader, the Supreme Court justice -- well, the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court -- and of course, you know, the constitution has been suspended. As I said, many believe that it was too Islamist, the constitution. Let's see if they actually manage to write a constitution that a much broader segment of the population can get on board with. And let's see if they can prepare parliamentary and presidential elections in a very, very quick and smart time table.
LU STOUT: And as you mentioned, the U.S. is falling short of calling what happened a coup, but at the end of the day what happened in Egypt? I mean, was it a coup or was it a correction?
AMANPOUR: You know, the anti-Morsy people will say it's a relaunch of the revolution. It's a correction of what happened. They say, look, it's a popular uprising. We were giving the president a vote of no confidence by going out in these massive numbers into the street. And we are not just remnants of the Mubarak regime, but we are everybody.
And the other side will say this was a military coup.
It's semantics that's being played right now. And people are -- you know, you've probably seen on social media there's a very fierce campaign being waged on social media, certainly by the opposition and indeed met by the Muslim Brotherhood as well, over this word coup.
What it certainly is, is the first democratically elected government has been toppled. And now we have to see what this bodes for democracy and freedom in Egypt, which is really the lynch pin of the Arab world. It is the oldest civilization. It's the biggest country, 80 million people. It's a very, very strong ally of the west. It has a peace accord with Israel, one of only two Arab countries that does.
In terms of foreign policy by and large, the west and Israel have had a good working relationship with the Morsy government.
This is also going to show other countries in that region, you know, the limits of Islamism, of Islamist government. And I think as I say, this is a checkpoint against this first Islamist experiment. And I think that's going to be taken in various different ways in various different capitals.
You've seen President Bashar Assad of Syria already gloating over this and saying that this shows why I have to stay where I am. Nobody wants Islamism. We'll see how that pans out.
And obviously in places like Turkey, by contrast, Turkey has a democratic government, but one that also has a more Islamist tinge and flavor to it. And, you know, many, many countries are going to be looking at what happened and taking their lessons from it.
LU STOUT: All right, Christiane Amanpour joining us live there. Thank you very much indeed for joining us to share with us what's next for Egypt. Thank you.
Now Mohamed Morsy's removal from power is being welcomed by some prominent leaders in the Arab World. The king of Saudi Arabia was one of the first to offer his congratulations to Egypt's interim president. Now Syrian President Bashar al-Assad also cheered the change. And in Tunisia, the birthplace of the Arab Spring, a copy cat protest movement has sprung up in opposition to that country's own Islamist led government.
And for more on the reaction across the region, Mohammed Jamjoom is standing by at CNN in Beirut. And Mohammed, a variety of reactions from leaders in the Arab world. Walk us through them.
MOHAMMED JAMJOOM, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yeah, it's been very interesting to see these reactions play out today, Kristie.
First we heard from the Saudis. The Saudi is usually quite taciturn when it comes to diplomacy. They were quick out of the gate today declaring their effusiveness, congratulating the Egyptian army for what they were able to do. Saudi King Abdullah issuing a statement saying, "we strongly shake hands with the men of all the armed forces represented by General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi who managed to save Egypt at this critical moment from a dark tunnel. God could only apprehend its dimensions and repercussions."
Now here's a statement that clearly underscores just how much Saudi Arabia dislikes the Muslim Brotherhood and how concerned they were about what strife there would mean for the region as a whole.
Today, we've also heard from the United Arab Emirates. They took the opportunity to highlight the fact that in the UAE, the organization Muslim Brotherhood is a banned organization. They said they were following with satisfaction the events that transpired in Egypt.
But let's also talk about the country that first inspired the Egyptian revolution: Tunisia. Now Tunisia is actually being inspired by Egypt, because there's a growing opposition movement there to Ennahda, the Islamist political party that led in the elections.
I spoke a little earlier to Paul Salem. He's with the Carnegie Middle East Center here in Beirut. And here's what he had to say about what worries Ennahda faces in Tunisia.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
PAUL SALEM, CARNEGIE MIDDLE EAST CENTER: Ennahda also faces very severe opposition and protest and demonstrations from a very effective civil society, secular opposition, women's movement, labor unions and so on. So they sort of face an equally deep crisis.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
JAMJOOM: And we're hearing today that in Tunisia, what happened yesterday in Egypt, he ouster of President Morsy, has only re-energized the opposition there, that they plan to start protesting with more fervor in the days to come -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yeah, very, very interesting to hear Tunisia taking inspiration from events in Egypt.
And Mohammed, we just heard moments ago from Christiane Amanpour, the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has been gloating over the fall of Mohamed Morsy. Could you tell us why?
JAMJOOM: Here's an embattled president, Kristie, who is in the throes of a civil war. The circumstances in his country couldn't be more dire. And today he takes the rare opportunity to come out with an almost gleeful statement. Bashar al-Assad earlier today basically saying I told you so, saying this is what you get when you have an Islamist political movement take over a country.
He's doing this, because the narrative that the Syrian regime has wanted to frame since the beginning of the uprising and the conflict in Syria is one, saying that they are under siege by Islamist rebel fighters, many of them foreign fighters.
Today, President Bashar al-Assad issuing a statement saying "this is why, from the beginning, I said their project is a failure before it began. And this is what made the Muslim Brotherhood's experiment fall quickly, because it is wrong. And what is built on a wrong principle will definitely fall."
You could almost hear the delight in Bashar al-Assad's voice in those words that were issued on the Syrian state news agency earlier in the day -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: Incredible.
Mohammed Jamjoom reporting for us live from Beirut, thank you.
Now let's take a look at some of the reaction to the events in Egypt on social media. Now Ann-Kathrin Seidel who identifies herself as a blogger and a journalist in the Middle East writes this, "the Tahrir protesters got what they wanted, but will they want what they get?"
Now Ahmed Saran (ph) was the spokesman for Ahmed Shafik, the candidate who Mohamed Morsy defeated for the presidency last year. And he tweets, "Egypt stocks surged the morning after getting rid of Morsy and his Brotherhood gangs."
And the Middle East observer Dalia Ezat (ph) commented on the heart that the Egyptian planes wrote in the sky as Adly Mansour was being sworn in as interim president writing, "too much now."
But a Twitter user called Adel El-Adawy defends the Egyptian military's actions. He writes, "what happened in Egypt was a democratic coup d-Etat, which was a response to a popular uprising against an authoritarian regime."
Now, still to come right here on NEWS STREAM, he designed the device that transformed the way we interact with computers. Douglas Engelbart, inventor of the mouse, has died at age 88. And we will look at his legacy.
LU STOUT: Welcome back to NEWS STREAM.
It is the start of the rainy season in the Korean peninsula. Let's get more now, and the global weather forecast with Mari Ramos. She joins us from the World Weather Center -- Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Kristie. Hello.
You know, when we talk about the rainy season here across the Korean peninsula, it comes with a vengeance. And already we're starting to see some very heavy rain that has been moving through that region.
Let's go ahead and talk a little bit about the start of the wet season. I really like this picture. Beautiful view there of Seoul taken earlier today.
You know, we get these fronts that kind of form along this area. And they bring some very heavy rain. Sometimes they drift a little farther to the north, sometimes a bit farther to the south, but as we talk about South Korea in particular, usually at the beginning of July we begin to see much -- most of the rain happen now between July and August. Almost half of the rainfall for the entire year falls during this time of year. They get about 670 millimeters of rain.
Now we haven't seen anything close to that right now. You definitely don't want to see it all at once. But just be aware, this is just one of the areas that we want to focus on as we head through the next few days.
And you can clearly see on this image here projecting the rainfall over the next couple of days how there's almost like a line that forms from the Korean peninsula all the way back over here across mainland China. And that's that same front that I was telling you about. It kind of shifts a little farther to the south and then trails back northward.
Right now, we're seeing it a little farther to the north. Very heavy rain across the southern tip of South Korea. We've had some very heavy rain across parts of Japan. That could be easing up as we head through the next couple of days. It will still be heavy at times, but just not as heavy or as persistent. And notice also some very heavy rain moving into parts of China just leaving you just north of Shanghai.
You may get some rain in Shanghai as we head through the overnight tonight and into tomorrow. And some of that may be heavy. And that will actually be good news, because it has been so warm across these areas.
So the rain that you've been waiting for may actually -- will actually, I should say, bring those temperatures down that have been well above the average for this time of year.
Even now, look how late already, and you're still at 33 degrees in Shanghai, that kind of gives you an indication of how warm it is even at this hour.
23 in Beijing, 23 in Tokyo. And as we head to Hong Kong, you're right at 30 degrees.
30 in Hanoi. I had been raining quite heavily in Hanoi as well. We're starting to see the rain there taper off just a little bit.
Let's go ahead and switch gears and head to Europe. Actually looking great. Look at London, 22 degrees, mostly cloudy skies. I'm jealous, because it's so rainy here in Atlanta right now.
Not too warm to play tennis? I don't know, Saturday, you'll be up to about 27 degrees with maybe a little bit more in the way of clouds moving in, but Friday, sunny skies and a high of 27 so looking good to play a bit more tennis.
And the Tour de France also happening here in Europe across southern France, we'll be looking at highs that will be close to 30 degrees over the next couple of days. So actually looking good -- pretty good weather wise there -- if you like hot weather, right? Who doesn't?
21 in Paris, 29 in Moscow. So we have that extreme -- well, call it extreme heat across eastern Europe. That will be a concern over the next couple of days. Also quite warm here as we head across Portugal and Spain. That hasn't changed much for us over the last few days. And notice a lot of cloud cover starting to move away that we had, still a little bit across southern Italy, moving through the Adriatic, but overall I think we should be a pretty nice -- pretty nice weather there.
Unfortunately, quote rainy here in the east.
I'm jealous, because I really wanted to do something, Kristie. Fourth of July here, so I'm just going to...
LU STOUT: Yeah, happy Fourth of July.
RAMOS: I'm just going to mope. I'm going to mope a little bit about that. I don't know.
LU STOUT: No, no, no. We can do something later on, OK? Let's do something online, all right? It's going to happen, OK? Happy Fourth. Take care.
Mari Ramos, there.
Now speaking of the Fourth, one of America's most celebrated landmarks is reopening just in time for the nation's Independence Day. As CNN's Pamela Brown reports, it's taken eight months for the Statue of Liberty to recover from Superstorm Sandy.
PAMELA BROWN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Lady Liberty is once again ready to face the masses yearning for a closer look at one of America's most iconic figures.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's a big thing in New York and the one thing we were looking most forward to see.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It lit the way for us to have a better life and it's important that my children be able to see and experience and understand that.
BROWN: Hurricane Sandy forced Lady Liberty's closing just a day after her 126th anniversary. While the statute herself emerged unscathed, storm surge sucked almost three quarters of Liberty Island, leaving bricks ripped up, docks destroyed, and debris everywhere. Adding insult to injury, the statue had just reopened a day before the storm after a year of renovations.
CNN got rare access inside for the reopening all the way to her crown. The track up a steep 377 step narrow spiral staircase leads to spectacular views high above New York's harbor. The 30 five-foot tall statute was a gift from France, symbolizing the friendship between the two countries and their shared love of liberty. Dedicated in 1886 after 10 years of construction, more than 3.5 million people worldwide flock here every year. Park officials worked around the clock to make sure the island reopened just in time for this Independence Day.
DAVID LUCHSINGER, SUPERINTENDENT, STATUE OF LIBERTY: Coming here and seeing visitors from all over the world standing out in front with tears in their eyes or excitement because she's not only our Statue of Liberty, she's the world's Statue of Liberty.
BROWN: Pamela Brown, CNN, New York.
LU STOUT: You're watching NEWS STREAM. And just ahead, we've got Star Wars as you've never heard it before. How the 36-year-old film is breaking new ground now.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
And let's go back to our video rundown now. In a moment, we'll pay tribute to a visionary engineer who changed the way we interact with computers, but now to a new twist on Star Wars: A New Hope.
Now Star Wars has broken plenty of records in its time. It has held the Guinness World Records for the most Academy Awards for visual effects and the most spoofed film franchise. And now Episode IV: A New Hope, has become the first major motion picture to be dubbed into a Native American language.
On Wednesday, in the U.S. State of Arizona, it debuted in Navajo.
Now Amanda Goodman from our affiliate KRQE met the team behind the movie at a May 4 casting call.
AMANDA GOODMAN, KRQE CORRESPONDENT: It is an iconic movie: Star Ward Episode IV: A New Hope.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: ...to provide us with the location of the rebel base.
GOODMAN: Pretty soon the famous film and dialogue will be heard in a whole new way. Star Wars is being dubbed into Navajo.
MANUELITO WHEELER, DIRECTOR, THE NAVAJO NATION MUSEUM: It represents Navajo people getting a strong foothold to preserving our language, which in turn preserves our culture.
GOODMAN: It's the first time any major film has been translated into the native language.
(on camera): It only took 36 hours for five translators to come up with the Navajo script for the more than two hour long movie.
(voice-over): Despite the quick translation, it wasn't always easy.
WHEELER: The difficulty actually for the translators was that they had a variety of -- they had a variety of translations for one concept.
GOODMAN: Today would-be voices of Luke Skywalker, Princess Laiya, and Darth Vader read parts of the translation for the first time as they audition to land one of the roles.
ELLIOT BRYANT, VOICE ACTOR: A once in a lifetime opportunity with especially Hollywood. I could not pass it up. I had to do it. I came.
GOODMAN: Elliot Bryant hitchhiked for two days to get to the Navajo Nation Museum in Window Rock, Arizona to try out for the part of Hans Solo. He shared his favorite lines.
BRYANT: We're going to have a good time when these -- good into hyperspace. (SPEAKING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE). We're going to have a great time.
GOODMAN: Over the next two days, 100 people will compete for eight primary roles and 15 smaller roles. While they don't have to look or sound like the characters, they do need to be able to deliver in order to land what will surely be an historic role.
In Window Rock, Amanda Goodman, KRQE News 13.
LU STOUT: Yes, it sounds amazing in Navajo doesn't it?
Now the world has lost a visionary. Douglas Engelbart, he died on Tuesday. And his name may not be familiar, but he laid the groundwork for the shape of modern computing.
Now let me first remind you what computers were like back in the 1950s. They were room sized machines that often didn't have screens. Instead, they printed information out on cards.
But Douglas Engelbart, he had a different vision. He saw a future where computers displayed data on video screens instead. And in 1968, he gave a demonstration so powerful and so influential that it was dubbed the mother of all demos.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DOUGLAS ENGELBART, INVENTOR OF THE MOUSE: I'm putting in an entity called a statement, and that's full of other entities called words. And if I make some mistakes, I can back up a little bit.
So I have a statement with some entities words and I can do some operations on these. I can copy a word so that word I copy after itself. In fact, a pair of words I'd like to copy after itself. And I can just do this a few times...
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Now editing a text document was just one of the many technologies seen in that demonstration.
And he also showed off hyperlinks and video conferencing and multiple windows. And again this is back in 1968.
Now perhaps his greatest legacy is this, the mouse. Engelbart invented an item that's been a basic part of how we use our computers for decades. And here is the original wooden prototype.
But he didn't call it a mouse back then. Now his patent filing reveals the original name of the device, the quote, "XY position indicator." And he received a $10,000 check for his invention.
So next time you make that mouse click, just stop and think of the man behind it. Douglas Engelbart was 88.
And that is NEWS STREAM, but the news continues at CNN. World Business Today is next.