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North Korea Wants Ship, Crew Released; UNHCR: 6,000 Refugees Flee Syria A Day; South Africa Celebrates Nelson Mandela's Birthday; England Narrowly Defeats Australia In First Ashes Test Series Match; Some Pharmacy Chains Pulling Controversial Rolling Stone Magazine
Aired July 18, 2013 - 08:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.
Now South African's celebrate an ailing icon: Nelson Mandela turns 95 today.
A popular Russian opposition leader is sentenced to five years in prison for embezzlement.
And Wayne Rooney: looks like he's on the way out of Manchester United.
Now it is a day that many South Africans feared would not come. Their beloved former president has turned 95. And this is the crowd outside Nelson Mandela's hospital in Pretoria. He has been there since June 8.
Mandela has been in critical condition, but doctors now say his health is steadily improving.
And as Mandela recuperates, people around the world are making his birthday with community service.
Robyn Curnow shows us what Mandela Day means to South Africans in particular.
ROBYN CURNOW, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: They are bikers, but today they paint for Nelson Mandela.
ZELDA LA GRANGE, MANDELA'S PERSONAL ASSISTANT: Whatever it is you choose as a sport, or as a club, or even people playing boca (ph) can do something for Mandela Day.
CURNOW: Mandela Day is marked by the United Nations every year on his birthday, a day meant to inspire people around the globe to give back, to serve, just like the man.
SELLO HATANG, CEO, NELSON MANDELA CENTER OF MEMORY: Nelson Mandela left us a gift. And we need to make it live on. And 18th of July represents that.
CURNOW: As the archivists look through the papers at the foundation that bears Mandela's name, there's a sense of sadness.
So much of these documents in this archive relate to his past, but he's still here now. That long walk that we talk about, that struggle...
VERNE HARRIS, MANDELA ARCHIVIST: Well, you know, he's gone. He's gone as an active participant in our public life. He's not a player anymore. And the message to us, I think as a country, is that we need to grow up.
CURNOW: A realization that as he turns 95, Mandela lies critically ill in a hospital bed where he's remained for more than a month.
His family says now is the time more than ever to live out his legacy.
ZINZI MANDELA, DAUTHER: It's very important to me as a daughter to be able to uphold my father's legacy and get involved in any way.
I this it's a beautiful gift that we can give him.
JOSINA MACHEL, DAUTHER: Having been able to share him with this country, with this continent, with the world, is really been, you know, a bit overwhelming.
CURNOW: A man shared by the world who said years ago the greatest birthday gift he could ever receive is the gift of service to others.
Robyn Curnow, CNN, Madrab (ph), South Africa.
LU STOUT: And if Mandela is looking out of his hospital room window right now, he is seeing a huge display of love. Now Nkepile Mabuse joins us now live from Pretoria. And Nkepile, describe the scene for us.
NKEPILE MABUSE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRSESPONDENT: We're seeing a hive of activity outside the hospital that has been treating Nelson Mandela for the past 41 days. Since early this morning, we saw groups of young school children come here to sing happy birthday. And behind me, people are actually using their lunch hour to come out here and really express their appreciation for a man that they regard as the father of this nation.
You will see here, lots of balloons, lots of cards, flowers, posters, even paintings - one painting just simply saying you have touched our lives. Some people thanking Nelson Mandela for a free South Africa.
And one commentator here in South Africa says even in ill-health, Nelson Mandela has managed to unite this nation - Kristie.
LU STOUT: That's right. It is a day of celebration, a day of service and of love, Nkepile. But it's also on this day that a family dispute is back in court. What can you tell us?
MABUSE: Exactly. I mean, publicly you will see family members, of course, take part in giving back to those who are less fortunate. Nelson Mandela day, since 2009, has been a day that the United Nations uses to encourage people to make things a little easier for somebody who doesn't have what you have, to demonstrate kindness and service to others just like Nelson Mandela did for 67 years of his life, fighting for democracy and then consolidating racial harmony here in South Africa.
But, you know, so you will see family members go to schools, give a little bit of their time to others. But behind the scenes, Kristie, yes, that ugly public battle over where the graves of Mr. Mandela's three deceased children should be is ongoing in an Eastern Cape court.
One member of the family, Mandla Mandela, who is the eldest grandson of Nelson Mandela, believes that they should be buried in Mvezo where Nelson Mandela was born. The rest of the family believes that these remains should be buried in Qunu where Nelson Mandela will ultimately be buried.
We understand from Mandla Mandela's spokesperson that he does not necessarily want the judgment that was made against him to be changed in order for him to repatriate the bodies. What he wants is for the judgment to be rescinded because he says that it was based on incorrect information.
So he does not necessarily want the remains repatriated, he just wants the court to look at how they reached this judgment and look at the details that were given by members of the family. He says that wrong information was given to the courts.
But we're expecting majority of the family members to come to this hospital to have lunch here and to give Mr. Mandela a gift for his birthday - Kriste.
LU STOUT: And Nkepile, as you're standing outside the hospital there in Pretoria, what is the latest on Nelson Mandela and his health?
MABUSE: I think what was made a lot of South Africans, what have uplifted their spirits even more - I mean, you've seen people dancing and singing here all morning is the news that they got this morning from the president's office saying that Mr. Mandela's health is steadily improving.
We've also heard from family members who have expressed hope that Mr. Mandela may be discharged from this hospital behind me. This has made South African's smile a little bit more and feel more jubilant in celebrating a life that they revere, you know, from young, old, black, white, people from all sections of society coming here really to express their gratitude for Nelson Mandela and his life and what he's contributed to this country.
So, feeling a little bit less anxious, I would say, because of the news, the positive news that they've heard from the president's office - Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yeah. And I couldn't help but notice that you've been beaming all day as well. Nkepile Mabuse joining us live from Pretoria, thank you, and take care.
Now over on CNN.com you can view Mandela's life in pictures from his early days with the African national congress to the day he was released from prison after 27 years behind bars. You can find it all at CNN.com.
Now, coming up next here on News Stream, North Korea wants its ship back. Pyongyang says that Cuban weapons found on their vessel are part of a legitimate deal.
And over to cricket, a look back at the thrilling first Ashes test between England and Australia.
And in Russia, a popular opposition figure is convicted for embezzlement. We'll go live to Moscow. And keep watching News Stream.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
You're watching News Stream. And you're looking at a visual version of all the stories we've got in the show today. Now we started with the celebration of Nelson Mandela's life in South Africa on his 95th birthday. And in a few minutes, we'll get the latest from the Open as golf's third major begins in Scotland.
But now, to the North Korean ship stopped at the Panama Canal.
Now North Korea has this to say to authorities in Panama - release the vessel and let its crew go. A spokesman for North Korea's foreign ministry told state run media that the cargo found on Monday is just aging weapons, which will be sent back to Cuba after they are repaired.
But investigators in Panama show no sign of ending their search of the ship. And journalist May Lee went on board.
MAY LEE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The intense search of North Korea's Chung Chun Kahn (ph) cargo ship continues. And with each day, new alarming discoveries. Inside the Port of Colon, heavily armed military troops stand guard acutely aware of the cargo on board the North Korean vessel.
(on camera) : So they just opened up two containers that were moved from the ship today. And you have to take a look at this. Both containers are full of weaponry. There's inspectors inside each container taking a look at what these items are and they're trying to figure out obviously...
JOSE RAUL MULINO, PANAMANIAN SECURITY MINISTER: For us, it's important to finish this operation, wait for the United Nations to come. And they will decide. Panama is completely transparent in this. We have no experience in dealing with this kind of problem.
LEE: Right now what's happening is that inspectors are inside each container, as you can see, with their flashlights just really taking a look at what they found inside. Who knows what this is. I think it's anybody's guess at this point. But it's pretty extraordinary that they found these two containers. And as you can see, the top of the container is bowed, and that's because the bags of sugar that were hiding all these containers were on top. They were so heavy, that they actually crushed the container down.
(voice-over): May Lee, CNN, Manzanillo, Panama.
LU STOUT: And there is outrage in India over the deaths of 22 children who were poisoned by their school lunches. And the head mistress of the school and her husband are apparently on the run. And police say, they can't find them, either of them, for questioning.
Now, another 24 children remain in hospital as well as the school's cook. As you can see, the conditions for the patients are tough, the rooms, they are over crowded, and with no air conditioners they are sweltering in the heat. Now temperatures during the day can feel as high as 47 degrees Celsius.
Now all this week, we've been bringing you a special investigation from Libya. 10 months have passed since the deadly attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi. Now Arwa Damon covered the initial aftermath. And now she's back in Benghazi to find out what is preventing authorities from identifying those responsible.
And today, she shows us the city's security efforts.
ARWA DAMON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Libyan security forces made up of various fighting groups from the revolution recently launched a campaign to beef up security.
This is very much what the Libyans we have been speaking to say they want to see: their own security forces coming in, decisive action, implementing rule of law.
(on camera): Earlier in the day, this Benghazi's black market was raided. Here you would have been able to find alcohol, drugs and all sorts of weapons.
(voice-over): But the haul is hardly impressive. And the market has been raided before only to reopen.
"We didn't have the capacity or the logistics to keep it up more than that," Colonel Hamid Bin Khair (ph) tells us. "We want the government to support us more so that we can also feel that the government is behind us."
One of Libya's deputy prime ministers admits to us that the government is struggling after four decades of Gadhafi's rule, and that al Qaeda sympathizers are finding space here.
AWAD AL-BURASI, LIBYAN DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER: We started from below zero, not from scratch. Until now we're trying to build our own like police and our own army and things will take time.
At the same time, if you're talking about - like we have al Qaeda, we have terrorists to Libya, I'll tell you something, 42 years of dictatorship of people like can not raise their voice, people they cannot express their opinions, that's what you expect you will find people with extreme ideas.
ARWA: And in the allies and streets of Benghazi, there are alarming signs of support for al Qaeda, signs we didn't see last September. Yes, to the Muslim al Qaeda jihadis, this graffiti reads.
LU STOUT: And you can find out more of what Arwa uncovered in this CNN special investigation Return to Benghazi, it premieres on Friday. Tune in at 11:30 pm here in Hong Kong, that's 4:30 in London and 7:30 in Abu Dhabi.
Now 156 players are all competing for one title: The Open is underway in Scotland. And next on News Stream, we'll have a live report from the third major men's golf tournament of the year.
LU STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong, you are back watching News Stream.
Now the second test of the fiercely fought Ashes series is underway at the home of cricket: Lord's in London.
Now England held the advantage over Australia going into today's action. They won the first test last week by a nail biting margin of just 14 runs. Amanda Davies has more.
AMANDA DAVIES, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Twin Bridge (ph) 2013 has been added to the list of all-time great tests. It was a series opener that had it all. Australia came close, but it's England with the upper hand. The question now, how do you follow that?
IAN BELL, ENGLAND CRICKETER: Yeah, after the - you know, incredible - I guess one of the best test matches in recent Ashes history. So I mean, looking back now there's some, you know, all five days were incredible, really, some real highs and lows for both teams and like I said, really looking forward to this next one. Now it's going to be - if it's anything like that one, then it's going to be a good five days again.
DAVIES: Bell played a huge part in England's success with a second inning century that he's described as one of the best moments of his career.
It was Jimmy Anderson named man of the match, though, an honor, Bell says, was well deserved after his 10 wickets.
BELL: He's right up there, and I think I'm glad he's on my team, not on the opposition team, you know. I think he's got all the skills now. You know, he's probably the number one bowler in the world, I think, right now in form. As a leader of the attack he's brilliant, you know. The information he shares, the confidence he gives to the other bowlers and he's incredible. And like I said, I'm glad he's on my team.
DAVIES: Australia discovered a surprising new leader in debutant Ashton Agar. Amid talk of divisions in the dressing room, the 19-year- old's performance with the bat stole the headlines for the visitors. But Bell says this time around, England will be ready for him.
BELL: You know, the way Agar played in the first innings was incredible. You know, a young man, he looks a fantastic find, really. He's going to be a very good player. So we didn't really have too much on him. Obviously this game now going in, we might have a little bit more information on him.
You know, and I think you always know that Australian sides are going to be good teams.
DAVIES: There's an argument Australia would have won the first test if Stuart Broad had been given out on the third evening, as replays showed he should have been. But an umpire and controversial review system saved him.
BELL: It wasn't as clear edge from the far end as what it looked I guess on television, you know. And Alan Darke (ph) I think is one of the best umpires in world cricket right now. And certainly I've, you know, been in the middle and seen him operate. He's fantastic.
So, you know, it's obviously a difficult thing. And I wasn't 100 percent clear it was.
But again I think the important thing for Broady (ph) and this is a group that, you know, we're right behind him. And also can move on that to the next test match. And hopefully everyone is talking about the cricket and not these decisions.
DAVIES: Next stop, it's the home of cricket. And Australia enjoy a good record at Lord's. They won more tests there than at any other ground they travel to.
But as a double Ashes winning side with a 1-0 series lead, England remain the favorites.
LU STOUT: Amanda Davies reporting on the first Ashes test there.
But now to today's action in the second test. Now the England team had a special visitor before the first ball was bowled: Britain's Queen Elizabeth II. But her presence has definitely not helped their performance. Australia are on the attack. They claimed three wickets in just 11 balls early in the session.
Now England batsmen Ian Bell and Jonathan Trott are trying to lead a recovery. And the players are now taking a break for lunch with the score 80-3.
And now the story of a rider who was thrown by his horse and he then threw his horse a curve by dangling upside down from the horses neck.
Jeanne Moos has the story of stickability in the saddle, and a rider who made it his schtick.
JEANNIE MOOS, CNN NATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A horse is a horse, of course, not just any horse would tolerate what happened to ultimate decision.
RICK WALLACE, EQUESTRIAN COMPETITOR: He is such a low key kind of guy.
MOOS: Horse is also known as Mark. Mark was relatively new to competitive jumping when this happened earlier this month outside of Atlanta.
WALLACE: My feet were swinging and I'm not touching the ground. I figured let me see if I can crawl back on him.
MOOS: Mark's owner is exhibiting has a name. Rick Wallace is demonstrating stick ability trying to stay in the saddle or in this case get back to it. Listen to the announcer praise well known equestrian and when he defied gravity. There are even products and clothing that riders count on. They use a powder favored by pole dancers called mighty grip where they spray stuff to the boots or they use sticky bum breaches. None of that would have saved Rick Wallace.
(on camera): Why couldn't you get back up?
WALLACE: You are going to be rough on me. I think it took a lot of upper body strength. I was a gymnast when I was 15. I am in my 40s now.
MOOS (voice-over): Nevertheless, this 19-second effort made Rick a hero on web sites like horse junkies united. As for Mark that horse is a saint.
WALLACE: He wants you to love him and love on him.
MOOS: Not everyone was loving on Rick's stick ability. He is using the horse's knees as a step ladder not okay. We don't know if the horse was hanging on Rick's words but we know while rick was hanging from the horse he kept talking to it.
WALLACE: I was like we really have to think about this next time.
MOOS: Meaning how not to repeat missing the jump that threw rick partly obscured from you.
WALLACE: Gave him a kiss.
MOOS: Rick is a stickler for stick ability. Well done and well hung.
Jeannie Moos, CNN, New York.
LU STOUT: Well done.
Now it was so bad, it was good and it caused a viral sensation. And now, Sharknado is, yes, it's set for a sequel. The low budget made for cable thriller, it drew an audience of just over a million when it premiered last week in the U.S., but Twitter went into overdrive. In fact, some 5,000 tweets a minute at one point. And in case you missed it, Sharknado is a hurricane that sucks up sharks from the ocean and then dumps them on Los Angeles for a real Sharkopalypse. I guess you can call it that way.
Now Sharknado II, it will be set in New York. And fans can tweet the producers using @syfymovies to suggest a title like Sharkzilla or Sharkapooloza, etc You get the idea.
Now, one of the Russian president's most outspoken critics is found guilty of embezzlement and sentenced to jail. And coming up next right here on News Stream, we'll tell you why his supporters are crying foul.
And later, advocates say is a living hell for refugees. The policies that make life miserable for thousands of asylum seekers here in Hong Kong.
LU STOUT: Hello, I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. A nd these are your world headlines.
Now the head mistress of the Indian school that served students tainted food is on the run. 22 children died and two dozen others are still in hospital. They were sickened by a school lunch that is now thought to have contained an insecticide. And police want to question the school principle and her husband.
Now North Korea is demanding that Panama release its ship and crew. Panamanian authorities stopped the ship and found weapons hidden on board on Monday. They have asked the U.S. and UN for assistance as they continued to search the ship.
And there are celebrations in South Africa today as Nelson Mandela turns 95. The iconic former president is still in hospital in Pretoria where he's being treated for a recurring lung infection. And doctors say his health is steadily improving.
Now a popular opposition leader in Russia has been found guilty of embezzlement. Now Alexei Navalny, he was handed a five year sentence for misappropriating about $500,000 worth of lumber from a state owned company. Navalny claims that the trial was politically motivated and aimed at silencing him.
And now Navalny is now ordinary activist. He is one of Russian President Vladimir Putin's most outspoken critics. And he has been very vocal about corruption in the Kremlin. And besides going to jail, one of the biggest problems for Navalny is that he won't be able to run for mayor in Moscow as he had planned before his conviction.
And for more, lets go to Phil Black who joins us live in Moscow. And Phil can you tell us more about Navalny and his political activism?
PHIL BLACK, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Certainly, Kristie.
He is considered by many to be the more effective, the most prominent, the most charismatic of the leading political opposition figures here who have been driving this opposition protest movement that has been taking shape in this country over the last couple of years or so. He built a very strong credibility and a very loyal following initially through his anti- corruption work using the internet, using social media to great effect. And then he became a very vocal, passionate presence during the largescale street protests that this country saw around the time Vladimir Putin returned to the presidency in early 2012.
And now, as you say, this corruption activist has been convicted of a corrupt act. He always maintained that he was innocent, always maintained that this was a politically motivated trial. But when I spoke to him at the start of this trial, he was never in any doubt that the final verdict would be guilty. Take a listen, this is what he said to me then.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ALEXEI NAVALNY, RUSSIAN OPPOSITION FIGURE (through translator): I've been investigating corruption in state run companies by government officials for the last six years. These people steal billions. I'm making it harder for them to steal. They understand my anti-corruption work is a threat.
BLACK: Do you think you have any chance of winning?
NAVANLY (through translator): Of course not. They didn't fabricate this case to allow that. It's obvious for me it's going to be a guilty verdict.
BLACK: Are you ready to go to jail? Is your family ready for that?
NAVANLY (through translator): I always understood right from the start, you can go to jail in Russia for any independent political activity. You shouldn't do it if you are not ready to go to jail.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLACK: Just from that short exchange you get a good sense of the strong language, the scathing criticism he would often focus on the Russian government and perhaps get a sense of why he has become something of an ongoing frustration to them.
You mentioned his political aspirations, he was registered to run in Moscow's mayoral election in September. He has openly spoken about his desire to be president. Certainly the prison sentence is an obvious obstacle to that and any other sort of political agitation, a big obstacle in his desire to try and shape the political direction of this country, but it is the conviction itself, which under Russian law, technically rules him out from ever seeking any sort of public office in this country, Kristie.
LU STOUT: You know, you describe Navalny as being a very charismatic activist. And he is a man with a very loyal following. So what has been the reaction to his conviction. And will others step in to continue his work, his campaign.
Well, as you heard there from Navalny himself, he expected a guilty verdict. There was always a question mark over whether he would be sent to prison. I think his supporters felt very much the same way - never necessarily doubted that the verdict would be guilty, but I think they hoped it would be a suspended sentence, not a custodial sentence. So there is some degree of outrage among his supporters, among those people who oppose and do not like the political status quo, the political establishment, the government of Vladimir Putin in this country. And we are told that numbers of them, potentially thousands, are expecting and planning to rally in Moscow this evening as a sign of protest about the outcome of this trial - Kristie.
LU STOUT: All right, Phil Black, live in Moscow for us, thank you.
Now, the United Nations is urging Syria's neighbors not to close their borders to refugees seeking shelter from that country's civil war. The UN high commissioner for refugees Antonio Gutierrez says an average of 6,000 people are fleeing Syria every day. And the number of people dying each month as the conflict rages on is now an equally alarming number.
Nick Paton Walsh reports.
NICK PATON WALSH, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Here is how every day the death toll in Syria rises to 5,000 a month. Shelling near Damascus hits a home, locals rush to help. The bodies dragged out are young and motionless. Activists reported four deaths that day in that area.
Body after body. Part of an irreversible spiral into regional war that's fueled by a refugee crisis, the UN told world powers Tuesday, has not been seen since Rwanda 19 years ago.
ANTONIO GUTERRES, UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES: There are now nearly 1.8 million Syrian refugees known to UNHCR in the region. Two thirds of them have fled Syria since the beginning of this year, an average of over 6,000 people a day. We have not seen a refugee outflow escalate at such a frightening rate since the Rwandan genocide almost 20 years ago.
WALSH: Six thousands Syrians fleeing every day. For many, the journey is perilous here in Jordan, with shellfire nearby. But they do it because what they leave behind is worse. In Jordan, they are herded into this massive camp, which seemed to have doubled in size in months to an uncontrollable morass when we last visited.
But Iraq may already be caught up worst in this region-wide war. The UN made another deeply troubling declaration Tuesday, that Syria's war and Iraq's sectarian bloodshed are uniting into one conflict.
MARTIN KOBLER, UN SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE FOR IRAQ: Violence in Iraq cannot be separated from the civil war in Syria. The battlefields are merging. Iraqi armed groups have an increasingly active presence in Syria.
As such, the Syrian conflict is no longer only spilling over into Iraq. Instead, the conflict has spread to Iraq as Iraqis are reportedly taking arms against each other in Syria and in Iraq.
WALSH: Suffering is acute, particularly now in the besieged areas of Homs. But in the daily exhausting stream of dizzying numbers, consider one fact: Syria's year of civil war has already killed more children than America has lost troops in Iraq and Afghanistan.
IVAN SIMONOVIC, UN ASSISTANT SECRETARY-GENEARL FOR HUMAN RIGHTS: Out of the 92,901 individuals killed, at least 6,561 were minors, 1,729 of them under 10. Children have been documented as being detained, tortured, and executed. They have also been recruited as combatants by armed opposition groups.
WALSH: Their future bleaker as Syria's spiral daily puts a resolution or even lull in the violence further away.
Nick Paton Walsh, CNN, Beirut.
LU STOUT: Now the UN says more than a million refugees have fled Syria in the first five months of this year alone. In total, there are almost 1.8 million Syrians taking shelter in neighboring countries. And let's look at how that number breaks down. Now Turkey is hosting more than 413,000 people fleeing the violence. Lebanon is just a fraction of the size, but is sheltering over 615,000 refugees. Jordan has taken in more than 500,000. Iraq more than 161,000. And Egypt, struggling with its own crisis, is harboring more than 92,000 Syrian refugees.
But the plight of refugees, it's not just a problem for countries in conflict and their neighbors. Now beyond the sky scrapers and shopping malls of Hong Kong, on the outskirts of the territory, asylum seekers are living in feted conditions, barely able to survive.
LU STOUT: Corrugated tin shacks, mold-covered walls, filthy squat toilets, this is home to Arif. He fled political violence in Bangladesh four years ago and now lives here in these slums on the outskirts of Hong Kong, one of the world's richest cities.
ARIF, REFUGEE: Fall from here.
LU STOUT: Arif shows us his room. All, he says, he can afford with a government rent allowance of $150 a month.
ARIF: I don't so many would also like to live in this kind of room that how we are living. But we have no choice, we must have to live here.
LU STOUT: Arif and the others who live here are just a few of the roughly 6,000 asylum seekers in Hong Kong. It can take about five to 10 years for their claims to make it through the legal process. And while they wait, they are permitted to stay in the city, but not allowed to work. Violators can face more than a year in jail.
The refugees here say the government provides a rental allowance and food, but many say it is not enough. And if they don't get additional help from charities or family members, there's no way to pay electricity bills so they rummage through trash for clothing, appliances, the basic necessities.
The Hong Kong government disputes these claims. In a statement provided to CNN it says, it provides temporary accommodations, food, clothing and other basic necessities. The statement goes on to say, the aim of the humanitarian assistance is to provide support, which is considered sufficient to prevent a person from becoming destitute while at the same time not creating a magnet effect which can have serious implications on the sustainability of our current support systems.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Eight refugees in this compound. This is the shower arrangement. See here they have their soap, a little that there is, and that's their washing unit.
LU STOUT: Cosmo Beatson runs an organization called Vision First, which advocates for the refugees. He believes Hong Kong is actively trying to drive the refugees out.
COSMO BEATSON, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, VISION FIRST: You see a hidden agenda across the board from housing to schooling to medical assistance that basically makes life so difficult for those in need of international protection that many just throw up their arms in despair and say, you know, Hong Kong doesn't care, I have no future here I'm going to leave.
LU STOUT: Beatson says if refugees are not allowed to work, the government should at least provide rental deposits for the refugees, a small step that he says would allow them to secure better housing.
BEATSON: If you're not helping them financially, and if they're not allowed to work, obviously this is not the job of the charities to move thousands of refugees into apartments, this is a task that only the government can fulfill.
LU STOUT: It is a change Arif believes is sorely needed. Though he fled Bangladesh in fear for his life, he now says death would be better than living like this.
ARIF: We're just wasting our life here. Nothing more.
LU STOUT: Suffering from slums on the edge of one of the world's richest cities. Now Arif, he lives in Pingche (ph), it's a decrepit village in Hong Kong's new territories, close to the border with mainland China.
Now you're watching News Stream. And after the break, one of Manchester United's biggest players could be on his way out. Now just ahead, I'll ask Pedro Pinto where Wayne Rooney could be going next.
LU STOUT: Now play has begun for one of professional golf's top prizes. 156 players are competing in Scotland for the Open Championship. It is the third major men's title of the year. And the small town of Gulane is playing host to the 142nd staging of the British championship. And World Sport's Alex Thomas is at the Muirfield golf course where the tournament is taking place. He joins us now live. And Alex, who is looking good so far?
ALEX THOMAS, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Yes, Kristie, welcome to the 142nd of Britain's Open golf championships, the oldest of the four major titles, the elite of men's golf play for every year. Players have been out on the course now for more than seven hours, 156 of them from 27 different countries. 74 of the world's top 75 playing here this week. The biggest contingent coming from the United States. 48 Americans, including 10 of them that have won the famous claret jug that goes to the winner here before.
Although it's not one of those, it's top of the leaderboard, it is an American, Zach Johnson, leading on six under par a short time ago, two strokes clear of Spanish player Rafael Cabrera-Bello. And he's just ahead of Miguel Angel Jimenez, a Spanish veteran, a charismatic man that we spoke to recently on CNN.
My colleague Pedro Pinto actually asked him, now Miguel if you're going to give up the big cigars, the big glass of wine, the party lifestyle for a major title, would you? And he simply turned to the camera and said bye-bye major. So he's a real character.
I think actually if he's in contention this week, he very much would like to win.
You always have surprise early leaders on the opening day of this four round, four day tournament, Krsitie. But, you know, it's - there's some big names up there at the moment.
Conditions perfect. Very, very much hotter here, and and atmosphere to match as well.
Back to you.
LU STOUT: Yeah, the conditions out there look beautiful.
Alex Thomas joining us live from Muirfield, thank you very much indeed for that.
Now let's talk about the heat - this is your global weather forecast of course. There are heat waves on both sides of the Atlantic. Mari Ramos joins us from the world weather center with that - Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hey, Kristie, looking at Alex there in Scotland, you know, it looks a little bright there. Beautiful weather. But temperatures are above the average even there. And I'll give you that forecast in just a moment.
Let's start overall looking at the UK. You can see again these temperatures that have been quite extreme. Look at London at 32 degrees. Pretty significant. Cambridge also at 30. You kind of get the picture here that this heat is going on and on.
Now, when we look at London in particular, five days straight above 30 degrees. That's pretty significant now. The thing to remember about this is that once you have this heat that lasts for a long time, that's when it really begins to take a toll on people, because it's not just a couple of days now, we're up to five. And it looks like this will go on even as we head into the weekend.
A little bit cooler maybe by Sunday, but then - by Saturday, I should say - but then by Monday we begin to see the temperatures warm up yet again. And we definitely could use a bit of rain. I know nobody wants, but we need it.
28 right now in London, 28 in Paris. We see the warm temperatures spreading across central and eastern Europe as well. And even as we head across areas to the south - Madrid, you're already at 33. You got to about 36 yesterday. So it does remain quite warm.
Returning to the north here, look at these trends. In London, the trend is for the temperature to kind of ease up just a little bit, to a 26 by Saturday, so that's a little bit more comfortable. Brussels, though, the temperature stays pretty much steady with a little bit of a downward trend also by Saturday. But it's just quite the opposite as we head into Paris with that trend going upwards there with a high of 31 as we head into the weekend. And, here's the open forecast. Looking at 24, 23 and 23, think about the average it's 19. So even here we're expecting conditions warmer than normal, especially for this time of year.
And, yes, only partly cloudy skies, nothing significant in the way of rain or anything like that.
We head to the other side of the Atlantic. We've been, of course, talking about the heat that spreads any way from the northern planes over into southeastern parts of Canada and into New England. So that's going to be still a big concern. There's a lot of rain here across the southern portion of the U.S., particularly into Texas and New Mexico and parts of Florida also, but in California where we really need the rain because of the fires that have been burning there really getting no respite from mother nature.
Now when you look at this fire, it has been spreading very, very quickly. And again we have a high fire danger in this area, very rugged terrain. You know what, we have pictures to show you from this. Let's go ahead and roll them, because you can see here kind of what's left of some of these homes. People have to evacuate some of these areas. The wind direction shifted and people had to leave very, very quickly, sometimes carrying only the clothing on their back.
Now, the firefighters are expected to have somewhat better conditions as we head into the weekend to some of these areas. Conditions right now remain actually pretty calm and the humidity isn't bad, but once temperatures begin to heat up, I think that's going to be a concern yet again.
And come back over to the weather map over here. Look at this, the excessive heat warnings across the northeastern U.S. About 150 million people affected by this excessive heat across the region. And again, 36 in Washington, D.C. 36 in Philly. New York also at 36 . Just again this heat wave that just goes on and on.
Canada also in this. Look at Tornoto at 34, Ottawa at 33. So we're officially in a heat wave here.
You know, Montreal only gets about, what, eight days a year where it's above 30 degrees. And now already we've had six days. So this is pretty significant as well.
The trend here is for the temperatures to go down just a little bit again as we head into the weekend. But I think this is going to be something that we're going to remember for awhile.
As we head into the big cities in the northeastern U.S. also slightly cooler as we head into the weekend, but still remaining about the average - Kristie, back to you.
LU STOUT: Yeah, this heat wave just goes on and on and in so many corners of the world. Mari Ramos, thank you very much indeed for that.
You're watching News Stream. And coming up, rolling stone is facing a major backlash over its controversial cover photo of the alleged Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev. In fact, some major pharmacy chains have said that they won't sell the magazine in their stores.
LU STOUT: Now, some of the words being used to describe this controversial cover on social media: words like tasteless, sickening and a slap in the face to the victims of the Boston Marathon bombings.
Now Brian Todd has more about the backlash and why Rolling Stone pictured this on its cover.
BRIAN TODD, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): He's got the hair, the same bruiting demeanor, but Dzhokar Tsarnaev isn't Jim Morrison and there is palpable outrage that "Rolling Stone" magazine has Tsarnaev on its August cover. When Bostonians found out --
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I don't want to talk about that nut case. I don't like it. He shouldn't get it.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I am surprised. I'm shocked he'd be there. It is kind of sad, actually.
TODD: "Rolling Stone" touts the article of an in depth investigation into how the alleged Boston marathon bomber went off track in his life. The caption on the cover alludes to Tsarnaev turning into monster, but a Boston firefighter still calls it insulting.
ED KELLY, PRESIDENT, PROFESSIONAL FIREFIGHTERS OF MASSACHUSETTS: The actual picture that they chose really portrays the innocence of youth. He gave up any innocence he had on April 15 when he took the life of an innocent child, two women and went on to execute a police officer.
TODD: In a statement, "Rolling Stones" editors said their hearts go out to the victims, but that they also felt it was important to gain a more complete understanding of how a tragedy like this happens. Former National Security Council Spokesman Tommy Vietor says he thinks that's valid, but he also says this --
TOMMY VIETOR, FORMER NSC SPOKESMAN: There is the potential that the cover could make kids feel like terrorism is cool like you are going to get the rock star treatment by murdering people.
TODD: The economic fallout started with the second largest drugstore chain saying it will not put the August edition of "Rolling Stone" on the newsstands.
(on camera): CVS was out front in the brush back tour of "Rolling Stone." The company wouldn't provide anyone for an interview, wouldn't let us film inside their stores, but in a statement, CVS said as a company with a strong presence in Boston, it felt this was the right decision out of respect for the victims of the bombings and their relatives.
(voice-over): CVS was joined in this temporary boycott by other big chains like Walgreens as well as New England-based stop and shop grocery stores and Tadeschi food shops. "AdWeek' senior editor, Lucia Moses, said that likely won't hurt "Rolling Stone." She says only about 5 percent of Rolling Stones sales are in retail outlets. If advertisers pull out, she says that would hurt but...
LUCIA MOSES, SENIOR EDITOR, "ADWEEK": Usually when magazines or newspapers prepare to publish a controversial story that advertisers might be bothered by they let advertisers know in advance.
TODD: Rolling Stone has not commented on whether any advertisers have pulled their ads or threatened to. Moses points out Rolling Stone might even get a boost from this controversy and its buzz. Consumers still talk about Time's Man of the Year covers featuring Adolf Hitler and the Ayatollah Khomeini. And of course Rolling Stones' own cover image of Charles Manson in 1970.
Brian Todd, CNN, Washington.
LU STOUT: And Boston's mayor has also weighed in on the Rolling Stone cover. Thomas Menino wrote a letter to the magazine's publisher saying this, quote, "to respond to you in anger is to feed into your obvious marketing strategy." It goes on to say that the survivors of the Boston attacks deserve Rolling Stone cover stories, though it now longer feel that Rolling Stone deserve them.
Now let's end the show where we started it. Nelson Mandela, he turns 95 today. And the anti-apartheid icon, he spent 27 years as a political prisoner under the apartheid regime. And the late photographer Earnest Cole made it his mission to bring the atrocity of apartheid to the world's attention. Much of Cole's work was recently on display at the Fowler Museum at the University of California in Los Angeles.
And historian and curator, Gunilla Knape walks us through the exhibit.
GUNILLA KNAPE, CURATOR: The whites and the blacks were very differently treated and it was very obvious with signs. The blacks, they could clean the stairs and the toilets, but they were not allowed to use them.
But this was an area where blacks and whites had come together. They drank together and they enjoyed themselves.
Here, it - they liked being together. So for them it was natural, but for the government it was completely forbidden. So that was the problem.
Then we have the black man, he saw - that's when people could be together, blacks and whites. And everyone had this black servants.
And one thing I think Earnest is quite good at that we can see on some of the pictures are the (inaudible). And looking at this small boy going with his nanny to school and realizing that a black photographer is taking his pictures.
When Earnest started to work at (inaudible) magazine, then he had to travel, to commute every day two-and-a-half hour in each direction. And then he learned about how the train system worked, or didn't work.
The white trains were very frequent and very empty. But the black ones, the platform was full and the trains were more than full. And the worst thing was that if they didn't catch the last train, they would be caught by the police, because they were not allowed to be in the cities.
OK, so this one is one of his pictures from the forced removals. And there you can see how the bulldozers has just erased the areas and the people were moved.
This here is about mine labor. And the miners had about the same situation as the maids. And when they arrived to the mines, they had examinations and this one picture shows where humiliating situation when they were really medically examined to - they were herded around to different doctors and they were told yes or no.
This one of my favorite pictures to see the little school boy being so concentrated and sweating. So for me it's like an icon for schooling.
They didn't have anything to write on, but still eager to learn.
I think it's important to show the new generations what has happened and to give them an understanding for their roots and I think you can learn a lot of history in order not to repeat it.
LU STOUT: Indeed some powerful images there.
And that is News Stream, but the news continues at CNN. World Business Today is next.