Return to Transcripts main page
Morsy Supporters Take To Streets In Cairo; Little Known Islamist Group Takes Responsibility for Hezbollah Car Bombing; Earthquake Hits New Zealand; Russian Pole Vaulter Criticized; Canada Cracks Down On Cyber Crime
Aired August 16, 2013 - 08:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
MONITA RAJPAL, HOST: I'm Monita Rajpal in Hong Kong. Welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.
Egypt braces for more violence as marches by supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood get underway.
A new report says the U.S. agency behind the surveillance program breaks its own privacy rules thousands of times a year.
And we'll tell you how Canadian police are fighting back against online predators.
Supporters of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsy are on the move. They are defying the interim government and marching in central Cairo. The Muslim Brotherhood says it has an obligation to, quote, overthrow this illegitimate regime.
At least one demonstration in Cairo's Nasr City is underway. Security is tight across the Egyptian capital. Armed forces have set up checkpoints and deployed military vehicles to the city's main squares and roads.
The demonstrations are in response to Wednesday's brutal crackdown on Morsy's supporters. At least 580 people were killed in Cairo when security forces broke up huge sit-ins.
Well, let's take you straight now to the capital in Egypt. And Reza Sayah is standing by with more on what is happening as we speak right now, Reza.
REZA SAYAH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Monita, just about an hour ago, Friday prayers ended here in Cairo and soon after these pro-Morsy demonstrations and marches started. And as we've seen in previous Fridays, you can really feel the tensions steadily escalating. And that is because, once again, the stage is set for potential violence and clashes between security forces and supporters of the ousted President Mohamed Morsy and the Muslim Brotherhood.
I don't think there's any question that the bloody crackdown by the government on Wednesday that left nearly 600 people killed, that was a huge blow to the Brotherhood. It knocked them down.
But today, it looks like they're trying to pick themselves back up to show the world that they're still here, still fighting. They've called for mass demonstrations not just here in Cairo, but throughout Egypt. And it's these mass demonstrations that are a strong indication that this conflict here in Egypt is far from over.
SAYAH (voice-over): A government building in Cairo stormed and set on fire. Dozens of churches throughout Egypt attacked and torched. For Islamist supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsy, a nationwide attack on state buildings and Christian targets appears to be payback for Wednesday's ruthless government crackdown that crushed their six- week long sit-in demonstration against Egypt's military-backed interim leadership.
Dramatic new video from the scorched earth attack shows armored vehicles and heavily armed security forces pushing in. Protesters, armed only with rocks, are no match. Several are gunned down. The ferocious crackdown killed hundreds, injured thousands, and turned a Cairo mosque into a makeshift morgue where outraged and grief-stricken families mourned in disbelief.
The bloodshed sparked condemnation around the world. President Obama stopped short of cutting $1.5 billion in annual aid to Egypt, a critical U.S. ally, but he canceled next month's joint military exercises with the Egyptian army and delivered a sharp rebuke.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: But while we want to sustain our relationship with Egypt, our traditional cooperation cannot continue as usual when civilians are being killed in the streets.
SAYAH: Egypt's leaders continue to defend the crackdown as a necessary step to stabilize the nation and transition into democracy. But Egypt remains dangerously divided. And Morsy's Islamist backers seemed as outraged as ever, promising more protests on a Friday they're calling a day of rage.
SAYAH: Back live here in Cairo where pro-Morsy demonstrators are slowly filling the streets, security forces are deployed in major intersections and squares as well. Several hours ago, the Muslim Brotherhood released a statement reiterating their position that these demonstrations are peaceful.
In part that statement read, "our revolution is peaceful. We will continue to mobilize people, to take to the streets without resorting to violence. Violence is not our approach. Vandalism only aims at distorting the image of our peaceful revolt."
Even so, there's a lot of concern that armed hardcore elements in both factions in this conflict are going to show up today and sow chaos. There's already reports of a police officer being shot and killed in a neighborhood in East Cairo, earlier reports of several unknown gunmen opening fire on police officers in a province in Northern Egypt. It's not clear who is responsible for these attacks, Monita, but they're certainly adding to the tension and the anxiety.
RAJPAL: All right. Reza, thank you for that. Reza Sayah reporting to us live from Cairo.
Well, let's give you a visual illustration of some of the key areas of where these demonstrations are taking place in Cairo.
Now the Muslim Brotherhood is calling for people to converge on Ramsey's Square. Now that's in Central Cairo. Then near Tahrir Square -- Tahrir has been a gathering place for anti-Morsy protesters.
Now remember, they clashed with Morsy supporters earlier this week killing at least one person.
The Egyptian army has closed all entrances and all exits to Tahrir Square in anticipation of today's protest. Forces have also been seen guarding the Egyptian museum and patrolling the 6th of October Bridge.
But remember it's not just Cairo, the Muslim Brotherhood has called for marches all across Egypt.
Well, we want to take you there now to one of places in the country that the -- we want to share with you where these demonstrations are taking place. This is some pictures that we're going to show you from earlier on. This is from Ramsey's square from a few minutes ago. Again, this is not live, this is from Ramsey's Square a few minutes ago.
Fred Pleitgen is in the square and he joins us now on the phone.
Fred, what are you seeing?
FRED PLEITGEN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Monita.
I'm actually at a march in Nasr City, which is sort of a Muslim Brotherhood stronghold in Cairo. It's a little bit away from the city center.
The march that I'm with is actually marching towards Ramsey's Square. It's (inaudible) it's really interesting, because it (inaudible) about 45 minutes ago. And the march really started swelling. I would say right now it's several thousand Morsy supporters that are marching through the streets here. They're sort of making their way towards the city center. They're chanting slogans like "the people want to kill the executioner," which is of course them referring to the head of Egypt's military General al-Sisi.
At the same time, they keep saying that their march is peaceful, that they want to remain peaceful, and also of course, that they are not going to be denied showing what they, of course, are calling a day of rage on this Friday.
So it has all the makings of additional trouble here in Cairo. It's one of the many marches that's making their way towards the city center.
In all, the Muslim Brotherhood has called for marches from about 26 locations, most of them mosques that are pro-Muslim Brotherhood, that are pro-Morsy. The demonstrators there, you can tell they're holding Morsy posters, they're waving the Egyptian flag. And they're saying that they are going to try to make their way towards the city center.
Of course there are a lot of places that they need to cross where they could run into the military, which could be potentially a dangerous. This is, of course, something also that's very heavily blocking traffic. But they say they will not be denied. And it's really clear to see how they're numbers are swelling, literally swelling, as they move towards the city center Monita.
RAJPAL: When we're looking at the pictures right now again that were shot just a few minutes ago, this -- one considered -- it's a tinderbox of emotions right now. But while they're talking about how peaceful they want to be, the kind of sense that you're getting, I guess the mood that you can sense right now where you are amongst the people, what can you -- what can you say about that?
PLEITGEN: Oh, Absolutely.
I mean, it's anger and tension.
One of the things we have to remember is that a lot of people that are marching right now lost people, or had people that they know injured in the crackdown that happened here on Wednesday. And so these people were absolutely angry.
And I was at a mosque yesterday where a lot of the bodies were of the people who were killed in that crackdown. And of course the people there who were picking up their relatives were very, very sad. They were grieving, but they were also absolutely angry.
So certainly the situation here is very volatile. The mood here is one of rage and of anger. And that's something that these people are showing very clearly. And yes they are saying that they're going to be peaceful, but at the same time their message is very forceful.
And also, they say they're going to make their way to Ramsey's Square any way possible. And that is something that very clearly could lead to confrontation.
On the other hand, of course, also there are elements within some of these demonstrations potentially that could cause trouble as well. We've seen them the past couple of days, Monita, after that crackdown happened on Wednesday, that supporters of Morsy, allegedly supporters of Morsy stormed government buildings, one of them in Giza. There was fire set to some government buildings. And the police has issued that order saying that if bad comes to worse, they are going to defend those buildings and they are going to use live fire.
So all of this tinderbox is really the word they use is really the perfect one to describe what's going on, because yes both sides are saying that their side is peaceful, but at the same time their message is very forceful, their posture is very forceful and all that really has the making of a lot of trouble.
And one of the things we also have to keep in mind, finally, is that this is one of the first really big showings of the Muslim Brotherhood trying to get to one location and come out and show how big their numbers actually are. So the larger these demonstrations get, and the more people conglomerate there in the center of Cairo on Ramsey's Square, the more potential there is for the anger to spill over and for violence to erupt, Monita.
RAJPAL: Yeah, Fred, what we're showing our viewers on the screen right now are live images of these army tanks that are, of course, shut off the entrance and exit to near Tahrir Square, I should say. It's not where you are. You're near Nasr (ph) square. But again these are images that we're seeing there of these -- of the army presence near Tahrir Square.
Speaking of a police presence, though. Fred, what are you seeing where you are? Is there an increased police presence, or potential military presence?
PLEITGEN: Well, you know, when we went out here towards Nasr City from the center of Cairo, there was a massive police presence that you can see on the ground there, a massive police presence and a massive military presence.
Now it seems to us as though the police had stationed themselves in several points that they felt that they needed to defend here in Nasr City, which is a stronghold of the Muslim Brotherhood and pro-Morsy supporters, we really haven't seen that many police on the ground.
Also, though, what you do see police on the ground that would be certainly something that could instantly erupt the situation as well.
When I was at that mosque yesterday, where a lot of the bodies were, there was one military vehicle that went through there and it immediately got pelted with rocks to the point that the military officers inside that vehicle started shooting into the air to get out of that situation.
So the moment you would see any sort of police presence here or military presence here, that certainly is something that could cause a lot of danger once again.
I haven't seen much police here in Nasr City. There is a lot, however, in the city center and in a lot of the points where this march wants to go past.
So certainly that, again, another one of those ingredients that could lead to a lot of trouble here today. We'll wait and see how things unfold, but I can tell you that the mood is really getting more and more, I wouldn't say aggressive, but really very, very forceful. And you see the people screaming. You might hear in the background that they are getting louder and louder as their numbers swell, Monita.
RAJPAL: All right, Fred, thank you very much for that. Fred Pleitgen there in just marching towards -- being a -- near one of those demonstrations that we've been talking about in the capital right now. Take care of yourself, Fred. We appreciate you speaking to us.
We, of course, will continue to monitoring the developments in Egypt throughout the country, the demonstrations that are taking place. And we'll bring you the very latest developments as we get them.
Let's take you to Lebanon now and the aftermath of the deadly car bombing in Beirut on Thursday. A group calling itself The Brigade of Isha, Mother of Believers is claiming responsibility. At least 22 people were killed and hundreds injured in Thursday's blast. It happened in a southern suburb that is a stronghold of Hezbollah, the Lebanese Shiite militant group.
In a video posted on YouTube, a group claimed responsibility and accused Hezbollah of being aggressors. Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah is due to deliver an address at a major rally in just under two hours from now.
Mohammed Jamjoom joins us now live from Beirut with more on this. And what more do we know about this -- I guess it seems to be a little known group that has claimed responsibility?
MOHAMMED JAMJOOM, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yeah, that's right, Monita.
This group really seemed to have come out of nowhere last night. Everybody I've spoken with about this claim says that they haven't heard about this group before. Now it's believed that this is a Sunni militant Islamist group, but where exactly it is based? We're not sure yet.
Some people posit that perhaps it has ties to some of the Islamist extremist brigades included in the rebel Free Syrian Army. Some people are saying perhaps it is tied to some of the Sunni extremist groups here in Lebanon.
But there's a lot of really rough sectarian tinged tone to this tape that they posted on YouTube. In it, they refer to Hasan Nasrallah, who is the leader of Hezbollah, as a pig. And they warn his followers about following him. And they warn them about supporting his stance with regard to the Syrian civil war. Hezbollah has sent fighters into Syria in the last couple of months. They've been supporting the Syrian military in their fight against the rebels there.
And because the sectarian lines in Lebanon mirror the sectarian lines in Syria and because the Sectarian tensions are really starting to boil in both countries, this is why we're seeing this spillover of violence from Syria into Lebanon.
There has been growing anger in Lebanon amongst some groups directed toward Hezbollah. And as soon as this bombing happened last night in a stronghold of Hezbollah in the south of Beirut, many people right away thought that this was a message being delivered to Hezbollah to stop supporting the Syrian regime, to stay out of the Syrian civil war.
We must remember this is the second such bombing, car bombing we're told at this point in the last couple of months. One happened on July 9. We were there on the scene that day. Even that day, it was a far smaller blast, but people I spoke with in the neighborhood said they believed that this was retaliation against Hezbollah because of their stance in the Syrian civil war.
Last night, I was speaking on the phone with many residents in that neighborhood. They were very concerned that this kind of attack is going to continue in the weeks to come.
The key right now is what will Hassan Nasrallah say in his speech in just a couple of hours? There is concern that whatever he may say, if he addresses this blast last night, that that could inflame tensions at a time when things have already ratcheted up here.
This -- this occasion today in which Nasrallah is going to speak, this was planned before the blast night, it's meant to be a sort of celebration of the seventh anniversary of Hezbollah's war with Israel in July 2006. But obviously everybody here thinks that Nasrallah must address in some way what happened last night. Now the question is, will what he says anger people more, direct more range toward Hezbollah because of their stance in the Syrian civil war? Will it diffuse tensions. We will be monitoring in the hours to come and let you know -- Monita.
RAJPAL: All right. Mohammed, thank you. Mohammed Jamjoom live for us from Beirut.
New revelations about U.S. surveillance programs have the NSA on the defensive. You might be surprised about how many times the agency has reportedly broken its own privacy rules.
Also ahead on News Stream, a Russian athlete backtracked on her comments about her country's controversial anti-gay rights law.
And on the hunt for Internet predators, how Canadian police are tracking online abusers who take advantage of children.
RAJPAL: You're watching News Stream.
We want to show you some images now just coming in to CNN right now. Those are -- you can see hundreds, if not thousands of people streaming in to Cairo. That is into -- part of the demonstrations that have been planned for this Friday after Friday prayers, which ended about 90 minutes ago.
This is the -- one of the bridges that leads to Ramsey Square where these demonstrations, multiple demonstrations are taking place right now.
From what we understand, the tension, the mood on -- amongst these demonstrators is increasingly -- I could just say tense right now. We -- there is a military presence on the exits of Tahrir Square. Entrances and exits have been blocked off.
But again, we are continuing to see how this day will unfold in Egypt.
The Washington Post is reporting the U.S. National Security Agency has broken privacy rules thousands of times each year since 2008. The paper sites an internal NSA audit covering a one year period through May 2012. During that time, the paper says the agency recorded more than 2,700 privacy violations.
The information was provided to the post by NSA leaker Edward Snowden. He's wanted by the U.S. on espionage charges and is currently in Russia where he has temporary asylum.
CNN's White House correspondent Dan Lothian is following the story. He joins us now from Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts where the president is currently vacationing.
Dan, so the NSA is making mistakes themselves.
DAN LOTHIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That's right. And, you know, this will only add more heat to the ongoing debate over privacy versus security. The Washington Post saying that the level of detail and analysis in the leaked documents was more than is typically shared with congress or the FISA court that oversees the nation's surveillance programs.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: And a general impression has I think taken hold not only among the American public, but also around the world, that somehow we're out there willy-nilly just sucking in information on everybody and doing what we please with it. That's not the case.
LOTHIAN (voice-over): That was President Obama just days ago assuring the American public that the National Security Agency was not breaching the trust of its citizens. But a new report out today by "The Washington Post" may raise new concerns. After combing through the trove of documents leaked by former NSA analyst Edward Snowden, "The Post" reports that the NSA has broken privacy rules thousands of times each year since 2008.
The Post says most of the incidents involved surveillance of Americans and foreign intelligence targets on U.S. soil in ways that violate the program's rules. Of those incidents, "The Post" report most were "unintended" and many involved "failures of due diligence" or "violations of standard operating procedure," such as when an area code mix-up caused the NSA to intercept a large number of calls from Washington, D.C., instead of from Egypt.
The NSA response was quick. Overnight, the agency released a pointed statement. "NSA's foreign intelligence collection activities are continually audited and overseen internally and externally. When NSA makes a mistake in carrying out its foreign intelligence mission, the agency reports the issue internally and to federal overseers and aggressively gets to the bottom of it."
LOTHIAN: Now recently there have been a lot of tough questions of the White House about this issue of transparency when it comes to these surveillance programs. And the president has tried to address some of those concerns announcing some new steps, including forming an outside group to review the nation's intelligence and communications technology.
But I'll tell you with the latest revelations it will no doubt anger some of these critics who have deep concerns about privacy issues and have been calling for greater outside -- oversight, rather. Now Monita, I will tell you that we have reached out to the White House, but so far no comment.
RAJPAL: All right, Dan, thank you for that. Dan Lothian there at Martha's Vineyard.
Still to come here on News Stream, a powerful earthquake hit New Zealand. Office buildings shook and some people were trapped in elevators. We'll bring you the details when we come back.
RAJPAL: You're looking at live pictures there of Cairo, one of the many bridges that are in the capital right now. This is one of the bridges that crosses the Nile into Central Cairo.
Hundreds, if not thousands of people are demonstrating today, this Friday, after their Friday prayers. They are converging onto Ramsey's Square, which is near Tahrir Square right now despite a state of emergency that has been placed by the government right now.
Right now from what we understand, our reporters are saying that again that no casualties that have been reported within the demonstrators, I should say.
In the meantime, there are -- there is a significant military presence, especially within the exit and entrance of the Tahrir Square right now with tanks in place to stop people from entering that place.
But again, what we were seeing there live pictures of the bridge that is entering -- that crosses the Nile into central Cairo.
We dodged a bullet, that's what one official is saying in New Zealand after a powerful earthquake rocked the country on Friday. It had a magnitude of 6.5, but apparently caused no serious damage. The quake was centered here near the northern tip of New Zealand's South Island. It was felt right across the Cooke Strait in the capital Wellington. Buildings there shook and many people rushed to get out of the city. Train services were suspended, which made traffic worse.
Police say a number of people were trapped in elevators.
Well, Mari Ramos is at the world weather center with more on the situation in New Zealand. But of course weather elsewhere as well -- Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hey. Indeed, Monita.
And let's go ahead and take a look over here. And I want to talk to you a little bit about the earthquake region here of New Zealand. This is an area, of course, no stranger to strong quakes.
Now it is right on the edge of two major plate tectonics -- the Australian plate on this side and the Pacific plate on this side.
If we zoom in a little bit more, you can see how this is in an area of convergence. And what happens here is this plate right over here is moving in that direction. And this part of land is moving in the opposite direction. So they collide in this region and sometimes move a little bit side to side. And this was a strike-slip quake. In other words, the two plates are moving side to side and that's what cause it.
We zoom in a little bit more, and I do want to you where the epicenter happened, that's where the star, that red is. And all of these other little dots that you see here are aftershocks that have occurred. And we are expecting these to continue for days and weeks to come. This is fairly normal after a quake like this.
And the colors that you see here is what is called the shake map. You mentioned Wellington. They felt the shaking there in the images that you showed us.
It is quite a distance a way, as you can see. They did have some shaking here as well. It was pretty significant. You can only imagine what it was like in these areas where they had moderate to heavy shaking from this earthquake.
So we will, of course, keep following this story for you. But like you mentioned, fortunately there were no reports of damages or injuries.
And I want to do show you the weather. Right now in Wellington, the temperatures, 11 degrees and generally clear. The wind is starting to pick up. That's going to be something that we'll be watching. We have an area of low pressure that will be moving through here. Strong easterly winds are expected, but no severe weather, fortunately, for this region.
I do want to switch gears and talk a little bit about the weather situation across China. We have been talking, of course, about the heat wave, about the typhoon, about the drought, all of these things.
This is what's left right now of Utor. It is bringing some rain, but unfortunately not to some of these hardest hit areas by drought. And the drought is quite serious, Monita. There was a report from state media, Chinese state media reporting that as many as 13 million people in these areas do not have access, regular access to water. So that is why the rain that is coming from Utor is so, so important. You can see how most of it, though, is here to the south, just isolated rain showers expected in those hard hit areas by drought.
Back to you.
RAJPAL: Mari, thank you very much.
Let's turn now to China and an update to a story we brought you earlier this week. The state run Xinhua News Agency says an apartment owner has begun dismantling this villa, which authorities say was illegally built on the roof of a high rise in Beijing. On Monday, the owner was reportedly given an order to demolish the structure within 15 days, otherwise the urban management authorities would do it themselves.
The villa came under the spotlight on Monday after photos were passed around online.
Local newspapers say the owner is a wealthy Chinese medicine practitioner.
After the break, we will bring you the very latest out of Cairo where marchers are already on the move in defiance of the interim government.
And later, we take a look at Canada's hunt for online predators. Police are cracking down on cyber crime targeting child (inaudible).
RAJPAL: Hello, I'm Monita Rajpal in Hong Kong. And you are watching News Stream. These are the headlines.
Security is tight in Egypt's capital. And you're looking at live pictures right now coming to us from around Tahrir Square. Supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsy plan to march to nearby Ramsey's Square. Large groups are already on the move. The Muslim Brotherhood says these demonstrations are peaceful. They follow Wednesday's brutal crackdown -- government crackdown, that what you're seeing right now is one of the bridges leading into central Cairo.
Lebanon is holding a day of mourning for the victims of a car bombing in the capital Beirut. At least 22 people were killed and more than 200 wounded in the attack on Thursday. The blast happened in an area known to be a Hezbollah stronghold.
The Indian navy says divers have recovered at least four bodies from the wreckage of a submarine in a dock yard in Mumbai. And unexplained explosion started a fire and sank the sub on Wednesday. It had just returned to India from an extensive refit in Russia. 14 sailors are still missing.
A 6.5 magnitude earthquake has struck in New Zealand. Buildings shook in the capital Wellington, but there were no reports of serious damage or injuries. Commuters struggled to get home after rail services were suspended.
We are keeping a close eye on the Egyptian Capital.
Fred Pleitgen joins us now from the streets of Cairo.
As you -- Fred, we understand you are continuing to walk with the demonstrators there. How is it feeling there right now?
PLEITGEN: Well, the feeling is really one of empowerment, I would always say. And as we've been marching along with this march through Nasr City, Monita, what's going on is that more and more people are joining it. There's actually people lining the streets here in Nasr City, which we have to always mention is a stronghold of the Muslim Brotherhood, so it is a place where the Muslim Brotherhood has a lot of supporters. And more and more people are joining the march, more and more people are cheering the march on. You see more and more Egyptian flags being waved, the chants are getting a lot louder.
And really right now I have to say it is a very, very impressive site that you see here. If you look down the street that I'm on right now you see just scores of people well down the street. I would say it's tens of thousands now. And this march started out, when we joined it, at a mosque. And it was only about 2,000 people when it started out, but now it has just billowed into a massive march.
And of course this is only one of many that are occurring in Cairo right now. The Muslim Brotherhood and Mosry supporters have called for their supporters to march several mosques after Friday prayers. That's of course often ended a couple of hours ago.
So they really out in force. They are showing that they are, still of course -- and of course what's important to them is that after what happened two days ago on Wednesday where those protest camps were raided by the military, they want to show that they've recovered, that they've regrouped and that they are now going to show how powerful a force they are in this country, Monita.
RAJPAL: Fred, what kind of a military presence are you seeing? I ask this, because we understand there are some reports that people are hearing potentially the sound of gunfire, automatic weapons being fired, and even a military chopper overhead. Are you seeing or hearing any of that?
PLEITGEN: Well, we did see -- we did see a few military choppers overhead, but I'm not sure that they had anything to do with the -- our march that we're going with right now.
We have also heard those reports of a march that was happening in Giza, which of course is where the pyramids are, that there was some sort of fire, possibly live fire, it's not really clear what was going on around there.
However, what we do know is that both the military and the police, the authorities have said that if any sort of buildings are attacked here, if the authorities feel under pressure, they are going to use force and live ammunition is clearly one thing that was mentioned in their statement as well.
So, right here in Nasr City, which again is the stronghold of the Muslim Brotherhood, I haven't seen too big a presence of the authorities, I haven't seen much in the way of police. I haven't seen much in the way of the military. Coming out here, however, there was a gigantic military presence, especially around Tahrir Square, especially around the city center. Clearly, the military is showing that. And the police as well are showing that they are ready to play hardball if in fact the Muslim Brotherhood and the Morsy supporters cross any lines that are more or less clear to them or have been set out.
Clearly, if any boundaries are overstepped, this could very quickly get out of control with the masses of people that I'm seeing right now. It just seems as though the mood for confrontation is just absolutely present here, Monita.
RAJPAL: And the government had imposed a state of emergency in the country, which I guess based on all the pictures and what you're seeing right now the demonstrators don't care right now. They are in clear defiance of that law.
PLEITGEN: Well, I mean certainly they are. They -- the pro-Morsy crowd have long been saying that they don't respect any of these decrees that are being issued by the military tolerated interim government that's in power right now.
One of the things, of course, that they've also is a curfew that goes into affect here at 9:00 p.m. and goes about 6:00 p.m. (sic). That, in most part, is respected, but we did see people out in the streets after that as well.
So, yeah, I mean there is definitely a mood of defiance. And one of the things that we have to keep in mind is that the Morsy supporters still see Mohamed Morsy as the legitimate president of Egypt and say that they want him to be reinstated and they don't recognize the interim government.
So certainly there is that mood of defiance. This march alone, of course, is that defiance. And clearly for their part, the authorities have said that if this gets out of control, if they see this as a hazard to national security, they are going to be very hard in their crackdown again. That's of course also the same thing that they said was the reason for why they cleared those two protest camps on Wednesday in that crackdown by the accounts of now has killed almost 600 people.
So, these crowds that are out in force right now, again the mood is one of a lot of hostility. And the Muslim Brotherhood clearly is out today to show that after the crackdown happened, yes they were disarray, yes they were shocked, but now they're back, now they've regrouped, and now they're going to show just how powerful they are. And right now, I'm seeing this march again, and it's absolutely amazing to see just how many people are taking to the streets here, Monita.
RAJPAL: All right. Fred, thank you very much for that. Do take care of yourself. Fred Pleitgen there along the route of this demonstration that is taking place across the capital in Egypt.
And of course you can find complete coverage of all of Egypt and all of CNN's platforms. TV, mobile and of course our website including this gallery. It has photos of the protests, the crackdown and the aftermath.
Also on CNN.com, you can link to our Egypt Twitter list. There you can get the very latest updates from CNN staff. And earlier, Ian Lee wrote, I never thought I'd see the day when journalists would need body armor to report in Cairo.
A remembrance ceremony is being held for 34 miners killed one year ago today in South Africa. They were staging a wildcat strike for better wages and working conditions when they were shot dead by police. It was called the worst violence in South Africa since the end of apartheid.
Police say they were acting in self defense against the miners, some of whom were armed with machetes. But a year on, a government probe into the incident is still incomplete.
Nkepile Mabuse joins us now live from Marikana, South Africa with more on that -- Nkepile.
NKEPILE MABUSE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Monita, as you can imagine, it's a very sad and somber occasion here. Thousands of mine workers have ominously gathered on a hilltop where they used to gather during that wildcat strike that of course ended with a total of 44 people killed, 34 of them shot dead by the police in front of the world's media and in front of residents here.
The CEO of Lonmin platinum mine where these mine workers used to work, has just delivered quite a moving speech, apologizing to the family members of those who have died.
But of course, we've been speaking to people here. And Monita, from what they're saying in the 12 months since that police shooting, they say nothing has changed in their lives.
Take a look.
MABUSE: The killing fields of Marikana, that's what this area northwest of Johannesburg was dubbed last August.
First, 10 people were killed, many of them hacked to death, during a wildcat strike over wages at Lonmin platinum mine. And then, this, 34 more gunned down in this dramatic confrontation. Police say they acted in self- defense against protesting miners armed with clubs and machetes.
A year later, a commission of inquiry tapped to probe the incident drags on, marred by delays. The community awaits answers while struggling to deal with the trauma.
CHRIS MOLEBATSI, RESIDENT AND RESEARCHER: You can't expect someone ready to be (inaudible) who was there, who witnessed, physically witnessed the situation just to lead a normal life. We have seen, you know, a series of suicides and I think everyone was terrified and traumatized too.
MABUSE (on camera): The Marikana settlement is located in South Africa's platinum gulf. This region contains the world's largest reserves of the metal, yet people here have no proper housing or sanitation. And in the 12 months since the police shootings, we've been told many promises have been made, but nothing has changed.
(voice-over): The appalling living conditions of mining communities across the country remain a source of deep anger and frustration.
Criticism, Lonmin says, it is addressing. It's newly appointed CEO recently announced that the company, which as been mining here for more than two decades, will soon many land available, build houses, infrastructure, and a community center with a library and sports facilities -- pledges people here say they've heard before.
Meanwhile, the killing continues as rivalries between unions take their deadly toll.
The turmoil in the mining sector has led to credit rating downgrades, disinvestment, and thousands of job losses with more cutbacks predicted in the future.
Economic analyst, Moeletsi Mbeki says the underlying reasons that led to the escalation of violence in the first place have not been dealt with.
MOELETSKI MBEKI, ECONOMIC ANALYST: In fact, we are more likely to have more Marikanas more frequently because the workers, the black workers are saying we've had enough of this. We are going to keep demanding more.
MABUSE: In just a few weeks, new wage negotiations resume at Lonmin. And union leaders are predicting a tough road ahead.
MABUSE: Monita, conspicuously absent at this event, the only occasion commemorating the loss of life on the 16th of August last year, is the ruling African National Congress. Its provincial office sent out a statement saying that it considers this event illegitimate, because it wasn't organized by the government, meaning by the ruling party. It also criticized the fact that opposition politicians will be given an opportunity to speak. They actually have already started speaking, some of them, and their fear was that will use this platform to criticize the ANC.
As you can imagine there's a lot of anger towards the ANC in this community, many people blaming the ruling party for the killings that took place last year. And some people going as far as comparing the ANC with the white minority government of apartheid say, in those days the white government never attended commemoration ceremonies after killing black people fighting for democracy -- Monita.
RAJPAL: Yeah, strong emotions there. Nkepile, thank you very much for that. Nkepile Mabuse live for us there from Marikana in South Africa.
Just ahead, Canada cracks down on cyber crime. Police take action against online predators abusing children. Find out how they're patrolling the web after the break.
RAJPAL: Live pictures there -- my mistake there, I should say these are images just taken moments ago here in Egypt. These are live pictures, just moments ago, though, of the demonstrators -- demonstrations that are taking place across the country, but particularly this is of the capital right now.
Thousands of people are streaming into central Cairo, into Ramsey's Square to defy the government's state of emergency, a law that has also -- that has been imposed after Wednesday's brutal crackdown and where over 580 people were killed.
The Muslim Brotherhood has called for people and supporters of the deposed President Mohamed Morsy to come out and protest against this current government right now.
We are keeping an eye on the situation there and what our reporters are also calling a very tense situation in the city and across the country. We'll bring you the latest as we get it.
We are going to turn now to an operation to crackdown on Internet abuse. Canadian police are on the hunt for online predators who were trading images of the child abuse and pornography and cyber bullying the children and teenagers in those photos. Paula Newton reports.
PAULA NEWTON: Amanda Todd could take no more, the Canadian teenager killed herself after being bullied online. This YouTube video she posted is evocative and blunt, her pain obvious, the kind of pain Rehteaeh Parsons, another Canadian teenager, knew so well.
Parsons killed herself in April. Her family says she, too, was tormented by months of bullying after a photo of her alleged sexual assault was distributed online.
(on camera): What are we seeing in real-time here?
SGT. ARNOLD GUERIN, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE: We see here -- and you know over an amount of time you're going to see this in many major city whether that's Toronto, New York City or London.
NEWTON; This is a snapshot of the online trading of child sexual abuse material and child pornography being spied on by Canadian police. And Sergeant Arnold Guerin takes us through the minefield of predators children can be exposed to online every day, even if they believe they are only sharing with their friends.
GUERIN: They end up on the dirtier and darker parts of the Internet, being traded by people who have a sexual interest in the material.
NEWTON: Pedophiles have gotten a hold of it.
GUERIN: They could be people who have an interest in child abuse material, that may not be the teenagers that they thought.
NEWTON: Canadian police tell us this kind of cyber crime is socially and personally destructive to children and afford pedophiles access to them in an unprecedented way.
INSP. BOB RESCH, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE: There's actually three components to the child exploitation unit here.
NEWTON: Inspector Bob Resch from Canada's child exploitation coordination center takes us through his unit where officers work with international partners. Their first priority: finding the victims, then the abusers.
(on camera): And these people are gathering evidence on real cases of child exploitation right now?
RESCH: That's correct. And their predominant focus here is to find the suspect, find the abuser.
NEWTON: Their most sensitive work is in the undercover unit. Officers spying on gruesome material of child sexual abuse.
RESCH: That are just beyond comprehension that people would actually would want to see or look at or watch these type of things.
NEWTON: Here, they try and hunt down those child predators and identify child victims to make sure they are safe again.
Now if you want to come with me, I want you to meet someone -- I can't tell you his name -- but we are going to talk to him. He is working right now to identify children victims on the Internet.
This officer says he's seen it time and again: kids being abused, manipulated online, blackmailed by predators.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They'll go, if you don't pose naked again, I'll give it to all your friends. And then of course the girl or boy are sitting there going, oh my god, like I don't want my dad to get this video. So they'll do it.
NEWTON: Again and again they will be abused this way.
It all serves as an explicit warning to children and parents.
SUPT. JOHN BILINSKY, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE: The experience we gained here and by speaking to offenders, we know that there are people out there specifically looking for children that they can abuse. They trade methods of luring children. They speak to each other. They plan amongst themselves and afterwards they show their conquests.
NEWTON: Parents never find out about it?
BILINSKY: Some do. And -- but most of them don't.
NEWTON: The deaths of these Canadian teens serves as a reminder that online predators can emotionally and physically harm children. Many spying on the lives of young kids and just waiting to exploit their vulnerabilities online.
RAJPAL: And Paula joins us now from CNN Center with more on this. And Paula, we see there that they are -- that the authorities do have an idea of just how extensive this scourge and this crime really is. But then how do they take it to the next step for actually arresting people?
NEWTON: That's actually a question to me, because I asked them too. When you see all those push pins on the computer you're thinking so you know that they're doing something on the Internet that's illegal: trading in child pornography or spying on children when they're having their communication with their friends, but their point is look, in terms of the resources that we have and what we're trying to do, first priority, always, is get to the victims. If they find that victims are being abused, that's their first priority.
Their second is of course to get to these abusers. And they do in many different ways, neither that they were unwilling to divulge to us. They do find those abusers and prosecute them.
But, you know, as a parent, Monita, this is incredibly terrifying. And I know we sound incredibly preachy about trying to surveil what our children are doing online, but Monita, what they are finding in that kind of investigative unit is really terrifying. And I think the message to parents and to teenagers, and children younger than that sometimes -- I mean, some of the examples, Monita are 6, 7 years old, access to online cameras that they shouldn't be having and getting into trouble with it.
The message is sit down, tell them the dangers, restrict their access. Make sure you know every minute of the day what's going on.
You heard John Bilinsky say, look, most parents never find out it's going on.
RAJPAL: It's terrifying knowing how computer literate and Internet savvy our kids are these days that we have no choice but to keep such a close eye on them.
Paula, thank you so much for joining us here on the show.
You are watching News Stream. And coming up, a Russian athlete backtracks on her comments about her country's controversial anti-gay rights law.
RAJPAL: Welcome back.
There are reports that Russian pole-vaulter Yelena Isinbayeva is backtracking after making some controversial comments over Russia's anti- gay law. Agence France Presse reports the athlete issued a statement on Friday saying she was misunderstood and is, quote, opposed to any discrimination against gay people.
Now CNN hasn't been able to independently confirm that statement. Earlier this week, Isinbayeva drew criticism after defending her country's law against gay rights. The legislation banned, quote, "propaganda of non- traditional sexual relations around miners."
This is what she told reporters on Thursday.
(BEGIN VIDDOE CLIP)
YELENA ISINBAYEVA, POLE VAULTER: It's my opinion, also, it's really (inaudible) to promote and to, you know, do all this stuff on the street. We're very afraid about our nations, because we consider ourselves like normal standard people. We just live with boys with womens, womens with boys, you know, everything must be (inaudible) so it comes from the history. So we never had any problems -- I mean these problems in Russia. And we don't want to have it in the future.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
RAJPAL: Well, Isinbayeva made those comments while accepting her gold medal at the world track and field championships in Moscow.
But it appears that view is not shared by other international athletes. At least two Swedish athletes competed with rainbow colored fingernails to show support for gay rights, a move Isinbayeva later criticized.
Well, U.S. runner Nick Simmons took a swipe at Russia's anti-gay law.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
NICK SIMMONS, RUNNER: Here in Russia, obviously, my first amendment right to free speech doesn't necessarily apply. And I understand that Russia has the right to govern the people the way they see fit.
That being said, you know, there's some serious atrocities being committed here by denying people the right to protest, the right to organize, and ultimately say that they disagree with certain things in this country.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
RAJPAL: Nick Simmons there, won a silver medal in the 800 meters at the championships.
Now we've got a little bit of animal 101 for you. This is a lion, and this is a Tibetan mastiff. The large canine can look a little bit like a big cat, unless this happens.
Yeah, a bit of an occupational hazard there for the little dog.
This video posted on Live Leak shows a zoo in China and the sign says African Lion, but the barking animal not a lion, definitely a dog. A state run newspaper says other species were also mislabeled with the dog in the wolf cage and a white fox in the leopard enclosure.
The zoo official says the animals will be back in their proper places soon.
Now, but this mastiff is not the only famous animal impostor, this labradoodle frightened residents of Norfolk, Virginia earlier this year when he got loose. Charles is the mascot of Old Dominion University so he gets groomed to look like a lion.
A few years ago, we pointed out this trend in China. People would dye their pets to look like wild animals
It seems like dogs in disguise are apparently still in fashion.
Well, that is News Stream for this Friday, but we will continue to follow the situation in Egypt for you in the hours ahead right here on CNN.
I'm Monita Rajpal. World Business Today is next.