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AROUND THE WORLD
U.S. Withholds Some Aid to Egypt; Australian Killed in Oklahoma; Australians Shocked Over Killing; Scientists Raise Alarm on Warming; Royal Baby Photos, Saudi King Helps 1,300-Pound Man
Aired August 20, 2013 - 12:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
SUZANNE MALVEAUX, CNN ANCHOR: A senseless killing is rocking two continents. A promising college baseball player from Australia is dead. Police say he was the victim of a random act of violence.
The U.S. takes a stand against Egypt. The Obama administration decides to withhold some aid for now.
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UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I don't know if you could have more of a dramatic life change.
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MALVEAUX: All right. They are the hottest boy band on the planet right now. We are live from London premier of "One Direction," the movie.
Welcome to AROUND THE WORLD. I'm Suzanne Malveaux.
IVAN WATSON, CNN ANCHOR: And I'm Ivan Watson, filling in for Michael Holmes, who I --
MALVEAUX: It's very good to have you this week.
WATSON: Thanks. I believe he's on vacation in Italy right now.
MALVEAUX: He's on vacation. Yes. He's having a good time -
MALVEAUX: Without us.
All right, the Obama administration not ready yet to call Egypt's government overthrew a coup, but it is taking action against the military that overthrew the country's first elected president last month, treating it as if it were a coup. Now, the military has been brutally cracking down on Mohamed Morsy's supporters over the last week and the U.S. is now withholding some aid to Egypt's military. It gets more than $1.2 billion, our tax dollars, and we are told the money is not being permanently halted. I want to bring in Jill Dougherty at the State Department to explain.
Jill, first of all, what is the significant difference here, the fact that this is not something that's permanent but temporary here that allows the administration to not necessarily agree or say it's a coup, but almost act as if it is.
JILL DOUGHERTY, CNN FOREIGN AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT: You know, even in your question, Suzanne, you can see the problems here. It's not very well defined and a lot of that is deliberate because the administration wants to send messages and be prepared to do something more because there's a lot of pressure building on Capitol Hill to cut the aid to Egypt. But it doesn't want to overstep. At this point it's not prepared and it's not going to define either a coup or not a coup.
So what are they doing? I mean the words they're using are reprogramming. Another official I talked to said adjusting some of the aid. And they're adjusting it to bring it in line with legal requirements for aid that the United States gives. Then, as they're studying, there's a very big evaluation of U.S. aid going on, they will be poised to either cut the aid or continue it, it would appear to be more like cut, when they decide what they want to do. And that would be done in conjunction with the Congress.
MALVEAUX: OK. And, Jill, explain this to us here because let's say they go ahead and they cut the aid and they end up not giving that money. Saudi Arabia says it would consider matching any money - any amount of money that the U.S. decides to withhold. You've got countries like Bahrain as well, Qatar, all of them, who have a great deal of influence in what happens in Egypt on the ground and they basically can fill the void.
DOUGHERTY: Yes. In fact, they can make up what it already for what the United States might cut. That 1.3 billion from the United States is kind of a drop in the bucket when you compare with - I think the last figure I saw was $13 billion being offered by those countries. So, the United States is painfully aware that it doesn't have a lot of leverage. It has tried a number of things.
Remember, President Obama just recently was saying that the U.S. would not participate in military training exercises and yet the military government, the interim government, went ahead with what it wanted. So there's no secret that there's really not a lot the United States appears to be able to do right now.
MALVEAUX: All right, Jill Dougherty at the State Department. Thank you, Jill.
And, Ivan, you've been there in that region and you spent a lot of time there. It's really interesting because the United States doesn't have a lot of leverage. I imagine it's on the ground, person to person relationships that might actually change minds.
WATSON: And really it does seem a case where you're damned if you do, you're damned if you don't for the U.S. You really can't win in some ways. A very complicated situation right now.
WATSON: Yes. Well, it could be a glimmer of hope in the Middle East peace talks. CNN has confirmed that Israeli and Palestinian negotiators met secretly in Jerusalem today. Secretary of State John Kerry persuaded the two sides to break their three year stalemate and restart peace talks. Today's meeting comes after talks last week in Jerusalem.
The former president of Pakistan is facing murder charges in central Asia. A Pakistani court today indicted former President Pervez Musharraf in the 2007 assassination of Benazir Bhutto. Bhutto, the former prime minister, was killed in a gun and bomb attack following a campaign rally. A spokesman for Musharraf calls the indictment false, fabricated and factitious. This is the first time charges have been filed against an ex-military chief in Pakistan and some legal analysts say it could be difficult for prosecutors to prove their case.
MALVEAUX: Three teenagers in Oklahoma, they are now facing charges. This is in the killing of an Australian baseball player. Now police say this was simply a random act of violence that left a 22-year-old athlete dead.
WATSON: These are pictures from FaceBook of Christopher Lane. He was gunned down while he was jogging. Police say the teens shot him because they just wanted to kill someone.
MALVEAUX: Alina Machado, she's covering this for us.
And it really is chilling when you think about the motive. I mean, really? I mean that sounds very, very frightening. What do we know more about this, the circumstances?
ALINA MACHADO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes, Suzanne, it is very chilling and devastating for the family of this victim.
The three suspects are in custody and they are expected to be charged today. Police say Christopher Lane was jogging Friday afternoon when he crossed paths with the suspects ages 15, 16 and 17. Authorities say the teens were out on a mission to kill and that they randomly shot Lane in the back. A woman saw the 22-year-old fall to the ground and tried to help him by performing CPR. This according to police. Another woman stopped and called 911, but it was too late. Lane was taken to a local hospital where he was pronounced dead.
The teens were seen speeding way in car and police later caught up with them thanks to surveillance video from nearby businesses. Lane, as you mentioned, was from Australia. He was in Oklahoma to study at East Central University. He was on a baseball scholarship. Take a listen to what his father told reporters in Australia.
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PETER LANE, CHRISTOPHER'S FATHER: He's left his mark, as we know, and, you know, it's not going to be any good come out of this because it was just so senseless. It's happened, it's wrong and we just try and deal with it the best we can.
(END VIDEO CLIP) MACHADO: Now Lane also had a girlfriend in Oklahoma. She posted an emotional tribute to him on FaceBook saying, and I want to read it to you, "you will always be mine and in a very special and protected place in my heart."
WATSON: That's really hard to listen to that father speaking there right now and especially when this young man was supposed to be getting an education, as well as playing baseball. So the teens see a judge today, Alina. What will be taking place this afternoon in the court?
MACHADO: We can expect the three teens to go before a judge, as you mentioned. The district attorney's office tells us that they will - this hearing will happen in just a few hours. They'll probably hear the charges that they'll be facing and maybe we'll learn a little bit more about what happened during this crime.
MALVEAUX: And do we know what kind of penalties they could face?
MACHADO: They could be facing murder charges. That's very likely. So we hope to learn more about that as well.
MALVEAUX: All right. Thank you so much.
WATSON: Thank you, Alina. Well --
MALVEAUX: That's so sad. It's tragic.
WATSON: Awful. Well, the killing of Christopher Lane has sent shock waves back home to his home country. And Stan Grant is in Sydney and he tells us that even a former deputy prime minister is calling for Australian tourists to boycott the United States.
STAN GRANT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, there's been stunned disbelief and heartache here of what's being called a senseless killing of Chris Lane. It's also now spilled over into the political realm as well. Former Australian Deputy Prime Minister Tim Fisher, who was one of the architects of gun law reform here, is urging Australians not to travel to the United States. He says by staying away, people will send a message to Congress that the U.S. needs to get tougher on guns.
Now, when it comes to Chris Lane himself, his parents have spoken out remembering their son. Someone, they say, who went to the U.S. to pursue his dream. Someone who fell in love with the game of baseball when he first walked on to the mound at the age of six. They've described him as an outstanding athlete who could have played any sport, but really pursued baseball all the way to a college scholarship in the United States.
Now, Chris Lane was just recently been back in Australia with his American girlfriend. He visited his family, and had only been back in the United States for a matter of days before he was shot down and killed. Now, his former classmates here, his former teachers have been remembering him, saying he was someone who showed great leadership skills, remembering a very gentle and kind young boy as well.
Now, the 22-year-old, of course, passing away and his former teammates at his baseball club in Melbourne, the second largest city in Australia, will be holding a special match in remembrance of Chris Lane this weekend. A devastated family and a devastated community, as I say, recalling a senseless killing.
MALVEAUX: Thank you.
A new report once again raising alarms on global warming here. Whether or not it is melting the icebergs in the arctic or triggering storms like Hurricane Sandy that cause billions of dollars in damage. Well, "The New York Times" says that a draft report by the intergovernmental panel on climate change finds it's at least 95 percent certain that humans are mostly to blame for the earth's warming. Now "The Times" reports the documents warn that sea levels could rise by more than three feet if greenhouse emissions are not reduced.
I want to bring in Chad Myers to explain this to us because it originally, the last report, it was, we are 90 percent certain it's mostly caused by humans. Now it's up to 95 percent. Seems like there's no question here of who's to blame.
CHAD MYERS, AMS METEOROLOGIST: Right. This comes out every six years. And the report back in 1995 said 50/50. We've got from 50/50 to 70, to 90 to 95, which means that the scientists now believe - there's only a 5 percent chance that it could be anything else other than human induced global warming because of the carbon dioxide, the burning of fossil fuels. It's just that simple. Our carbon dioxide number at Hawaii this year was over 400 parts per million for the very first time.
What this does not take into account is if the permafrost melts in the arctic, if it thaws and we release methane into the atmosphere, methane is 20 times more powerful of a global heating atmosphere molecule than CO2. We're going to have to watch that methane release, if it does happen.
Here is the deal. Climates have been changing for hundreds of thousands of years. They just have. The desert in Africa used to not be a desert, but it's changed. But changes have happened over thousands of years. The change that we're seeing from here back in the '60s, the '50s, where things were up and down, some below normal years, back to 1977 and '78 where we have not had a below normal year ever. In fact, the last blow normal month was in 1985. So if you were born from 1978 or to the present, you have never seen a below normal month.
Now, people talk about global climates. My global climate is three miles from my house, because I go to Publix, I go to Kroger and I go to Target. That's my three miles. But we're talking about global, which means everywhere around the globe. So just because it was a cold New York City month last month doesn't mean it was cold in Antarctica, in Africa or, for that matter, even in all of Asia. (INAUDIBLE) MALVEAUX: All right. Chad, thank you. It's amazing.
WATSON: Thanks, Chad. And now we know where you shop.
So here's more of what we're working on this hour for AROUND THE WORLD. The first official royal baby pictures are out and, no surprise, this kid is cute. We'll meet Prince George in a moment.
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RICHARD QUEST, CNN CORRESPONDENT: I've had enough of Boeing and Airbus, I'm doing it myself.
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MALVEAUX: Oh, this is so funny. OK. Our aviation expert, Richard Quest, takes to the skies, literally, trying out some of the summer's hottest activities, up next.
WATSON: It's the worst radioactive leak so far at Japan's crippled Fukushima reactor. You may remember it was damaged in that tsunami a couple of years ago.
Let me give you an idea of just how contaminated the water leaking from the storage tank is. Someone standing a foot and a half away from the tank for one hour would get a radiation dose five times higher than what nuclear workers are supposed to get in one year.
Workers have been cleaning up radiation at the plant since March of 2011 when an earthquake and tsunami caused three reactor meltdowns.
Elsewhere in Asia, heavy rains have caused terrible flooding. In China, at least 107 people are dead and roads and farmland in the north of the country have been inundated.
The government has called out the army to help with rescues. One local paper called it the worst flooding in 50 years.
And in the Philippines floodwaters have killed people and left tens of thousands homeless. The country's news agency reports the central part of Manila is about 70 percent under water. Incredible.
MALVEAUX: And we're getting our first official look at the royal baby, Prince George. Kensington Palace released two photos of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge with the future king swaddled in a little blanket there.
Pictures are putting a modern spin on what it means to be a royal these days. Our Max Foster explains how.
MAX FOSTER, CNN ROYAL CORRESPONDENT: A picture perfect family, William, Kate and little Prince George, born less than a month ago, the first official photos released on Monday by Kensington Palace.
Contrary to former royal baby portraits of the past taken by professional photographers, these family photos were snapped by the baby's grandfather, Michael Middleton, in the backyard garden of the Middleton family home in Bucklebury.
CARLOS GREER, WRITER, "PEOPLE" MAGAZINE: They've been going about it in a much more casual way that we're not used to seeing from the royals.
FOSTER: The proud parents looked relaxed, Kate beaming in a purple dress whilst George sleeps comfortably, swaddled in her arms, a luxury occurrence, according to Prince William.
PRINCE WILLIAM, DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE: He's growing quite quickly, actually, but he's a little fighter. He kind of -- he wriggles around quite a lot, and he doesn't want to go to sleep much.
FOSTER: In one photo, the family's four-legged friends joins the fun, Tilly, the Middleton family retriever, and Lupo, the couple's cocker spaniel, who now has to share the attention of the doting parents.
WILLIAM: He's been slobbering sort of around the house a bit, so he's perfectly happy.
FOSTER: But the first official photos weren't without a little controversy. Granddad's experience behind the lens is coming under question, the U.K. press criticizing the quality of the historic pictures, claiming the photos are very flat and there's not a great deal of contrast to them, and the parents are also out of focus in both pictures.
GREER: Prince William and Kate, they very much try to live a very normal life. This is what we do. People take their own photos.
MALVEAUX: Yeah, Max. Give them a little break, you know. Come on. That's what people do. They said out of focus photos there, but they're really casual with this whole thing, right?
FOSTER: Really could be anyone's family album, couldn't it? So that's what's different. I mean, it is different.
There are some comments in the British newspapers about how it's inappropriate because it's the first set of pictures that came out and they will be defining pictures.
I'm sure there will be some more formal pictures coming up, but I think, the people I speak to, they think it's very charming and they like this move and the fact they're not perfect actually makes them more endearing.
But certainly the professional photographers that I deal with of the royalty aren't that impressed.
MALVEAUX: All right, Max, thanks.
They need to let it go a little bit, you know?
WATSON: The photos weren't that bad really.
MALVEAUX: Yeah, they're good enough.
WATSON: Better than what I could do.
MALVEAUX: Ivan, thank you.
Just ahead, he tips the scales at more than a thousand pounds. He's not even 21-years-old-yet. The world's heaviest man is now getting help from a Saudi king.
MALVEAUX: Might be hard to imagine being 1,300 pounds. It really is the equivalent, they say, of seven adult -- average adult-sized folks in one person. Well, this is really quite extraordinary when you think about it.
WATSON: Yeah. There's one man in Saudi Arabia. He has topped that weight, but he's getting some help. He's finally seeing the outside of his home.
Here's our Elizabeth Cohen.
ELIZABETH COHEN, CNN SENIOR MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: Meet Khalid bin Mohsen Shaari. At 1,345 pounds he may be the heaviest living man in the world and he's not even 21-years-old.
Shaari hasn't been able to leave his bedroom for more than two years. These pictures show the dramatic moment when he was taken out of his home using a forklift. Part of it has to be demolished to bring him out.
DR. ROBERTY LUSTIG, PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGIST, UCSF: It's obviously an extreme case. The chances that this guy is really sick are really high.
COHEN: It's unclear how he got to be this severely obese, but Dr. Robert Lustig, a leading pediatric endocrinologist, has a theory.
LUSTIG: I don't think he can eat himself to 1,345 pounds, but he can certainly drink himself to it. Liquid calories don't stimulate satiety like solid calories. It's hot there, and so it goes down really easy.
COHEN: Liquids don't fill you up so perhaps he never felt satisfied.
Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah is playing for a military plane to transport Shaari to Riyadh to undergo medical treatment.
Step one, says Lustig, a restrictive diet, not weight-loss surgery.
LUSTIG: You can't do surgery on him now. It's too dangerous.
You would basically have to keep him in the hospital for years on a restrictive calorie diet. At some point, it will become safe to do a bariatric procedure.
COHEN: According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the heaviest living man was in the world has been Manuel Uribe from Mexico. He topped out at 1,235 pounds, but has managed to lose some weight and is down now to 980 pound.
Shaari is not alone. Obesity is a serious issue in Saudi Arabia with more than 35 percent of its citizens considered severely overweight.
MALVEAUX: Unbelievable. We've been talking about this during the break and we've got a million questions for you, Elizabeth.
First of all, so, he's talking about drinking here, but we saw glasses of water. Clearly, if he got to this weight, what could he possibly be drinking that would bring him to this point?
COHEN: A lot of drinks like, say, sodas or milkshakes, they're very high in calories. And here's the problem. You could down a whole bunch of sodas and you don't feel full the way you would after you ate a meal that had the same number of calories.
So we're not saying for sure that that's how he got so heavy, but this one doctor feels that perhaps that's a piece of the puzzle, that perhaps he was drinking a lot and just didn't feel full, so just kept drinking, you know, high calorie things like sodas.
MALVEAUX: What can be done for him? Because they said surgery is no longer an option. How does this guy lose weight?
COHEN: They put him in the hospital and they put him on a very low- calorie diet. That's what doctors here in this country are telling us.
They would probably love to do surgery, right? That would be a relatively easy way to get that weight off, but he's too much of an anesthesia risk.
Someone this size, you give them anesthesia, you could really hurt him. So, first, they have to get his weight down, and like way down.
You know, we heard the doctor say it could take years to get him to the point where he could have surgery.
MALVEAUX: Is he -- can he get healthy? Can he get better at this point?
COHEN: Yeah, I think it's tough. I think he has a long road ahead of him. MALVEAUX: All right, Elizabeth, thank you. Appreciate it.
Too bad we don't have more time. Just a ton of questions on that one.
WATSON: Presumably he has breathing problems as well.
COHEN: It seems he had that mask on. It wouldn't be surprising if someone that size had breathing problems.
MALVEAUX: Yeah, absolutely.
We wish as best health as he can achieve at this point.
COHEN: Yeah, absolutely.
MALVEAUX: Thank you, Elizabeth.
Ahead on AROUND THE WORLD, Egypt's security forces arrest the Muslim Brotherhood's spiritual leader. We're going to take a look at the impact, up next.