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Interview with Rafael Nadal; CNN Heroes: Yash Gupta; America Pauses To Remember 9/11; iPhone 5s Revealed; President Obama Delays Syria Vote

Aired September 11, 2013 - 08:00   ET


KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.

Now the U.S. president says he wants to give diplomacy a chance asking to delay a vote on military action against Syria.

12 years after the September 11 attacks, we ask one expert about the state of homegrown extremism in America.

And Apple unveils two new iPhones. We'll tell you what's so special about the new fingerprint sensor.

Now U.S. President Barack Obama has pressed the pause button on military action against Syria and is giving diplomacy another chance. In a televised speech on Tuesday, the president announced that he has asked congress to delay any vote on military strikes. It's now up to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to make Moscow's proposal to disarm Syria of chemical weapons actually work.

Now the White House is well aware of polls suggesting the American public is weary of war. And support for military intervention in Syria is lukewarm at best in the U.S. Congress.

Brianna Keilar reports.


BRIANNA KEILAR, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): From the East Room Tuesday night, President Obama told Americans why his administration is certain Syrian President Bashar Al Assad's regime is responsible for a sarin gas attack the U.S. government says killed more than 1,400 civilians.

BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: In the days leading up to August 21st, we know that Assad's chemical weapons personnel prepared for an attack near an area where they mix sarin gas. They distributed gas masks to their troops, then they fired rockets from a regime-controlled area into 11 neighborhoods that the regime has been trying to wipe clear of opposition forces.

KEILAR: He made the case for a military response.

OBAMA: This would be a targeted strike to achieve a clear objective. Some members of Congress have said there's no point in simply doing a pinprick strike in Syria. Let me make something clear. The United States military doesn't do pinpricks. Even a limited strike will send a message to Assad that no other nation can deliver.

KEILAR: But facing a likely defeat in Congress to authorize a military strike --

OBAMA: However...

KEILAR: The president then argued against taking action, pointing to a new Russian-brokered proposal for Syria to give up its chemical weapons.

OBAMA: I have, therefore, asked the leaders of Congress to postpone a vote to authorize the use of force while we pursue this diplomatic path.

KEILAR: It's an extraordinary turn of events. The policy of U.S. involvement in Syria's civil war began with one reportedly off the cuff remark President Obama made more than a year ago.

OBAMA: A red line for us is we start seeing a whole bunch of chemical weapons moving around or being utilized.

KEILAR: It has unexpectedly turned on what appears to be another.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Is there anything at this point that his government could do or offer that would stop an attack?

JOHN KERRY, SECRETARY OF STATE: Sure. He could turn over every single bit of his chemical weapons to the international community in the next week, but he isn't about to do it and it can't be done, obviously.

KEILAR: What one U.S. official initially called an off-message comment by Kerry? It bore the proposal from Russia that the president has yet to endorse.

OBAMA: It's too early to tell whether this offer will succeed and any agreement must verify that the Assad regime keeps its commitments. But this initiative has the potential to remove the threat of chemical weapons without the use of force particularly because Russia is one of Assad's strongest allies.


LU STOUT: Now that was Brianna Keilar reporting.

Now most Americans who watched Mr. Obama's speech say diplomacy is the best bet.

Now this CNN/ORC Poll, it was taken immediately after the president's address. As you can see, nearly two-thirds believe the situation in Syria is likely to be resolved through diplomatic efforts.

Now we should point out that the sample for the poll is slightly more Democratic than the country as a whole. And it only represents people who watched the speech.

Now securing Syria's chemical weapons is likely to be a major challenge. In fact, a new study by the International Institute for Counterterrorism in Israel finds that Syria has about 1,000 tons of chemical agents, including ingredients for mustard, sarin and VX gas.

Now six main storage sites are known. Experts say there are many other unknown sites. And at any rate, the weapons may already have been moved because of the threat of military strikes.


JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This one of the largest chemical stockpiles in the world, as you say at a number of sites, and dispersed already from those sites. Reasonable time frame to reliably put them all in one place and get rid of them?

JOE CIRINCIONE, PLOUGHSHARES FUND: It will takes weeks to get inspectors there to conduct an initial inventory. To secure the site will probably take several months. Destroying the weapons, that will take years.

LU STOUT: So with a congressional vote on military action postponed, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry heads to Geneva to talk with his Russian counterpart. Now World Affairs correspondent Jill Dougherty joins me now live from the Russian capital. And Jill, the U.S. is now working directly with Russia on Syria. But given their fraught relationship, will there be progress?

JILL DOUGHERTY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, that's I guess what we're going to find out in the next couple of days, Kristie, the secretary, Secretary Kerry getting on a plane and going off to Geneva as quickly as he can. Also, Minister Lavrov, the foreign minister of Russia going -- we understand from Kazakhstan back to Geneva. And they will be meeting there probably for a couple of days.

And what they're trying to do is be very specific now on this plan. How would it work. You heard Jim Schiutto going through some of the complications of that. But how would it work, who would make sure that the people who carry this out, the experts that they would be protected, etc.

There is a lot to be figured out. And the Americans and presumably the Russians too will have technical experts who will be there at the meeting able to look at those questions and discuss them.

But that's just the beginning.

And then on the diplomatic front, hard to say. I mean, I think you'd have to say on the American side there still is a lot skepticism, some of it because of the complexity of this operation if it ever, you know, does happen.

And then also politically some skepticism about what the Russians really want, ultimately, and certainly a lot of skepticism about what the Syrians want to do.

LU STOUT: So a lot of skepticism on the Americans about the Russian plan, about Russia's sincerity as well and what the Syrians want.

Jill, I know you are a long time Kremlin watcher. Given the recent turn of events, what has been the sentiment inside the Kremlin now that President Obama has edged towards diplomacy. Does Moscow believe that it scored some sort of victory with its stance for a long time against U.S. military action against Syria?

DOUGHERTY: Well, they are not saying -- the Kremlin is not saying directly. But I think you'd have to surmise that they believe it was a successful move by President Putin to go ahead and ask and then get the approval of Syria to put its weapons, chemical weapons under international control.

After all, remember they said we don't even know whether this -- the Syrians will accept it. They did. And so it is -- you can say score one for President Putin at least at this point.

But they are not really crowing about it. I think you do see some of that in the parliament here, the Duma, and several members basically indicating that they feel that they put President Obama in a box and realistically that move to get -- put the weapons under international control did stop the move by President Obama to vote for a military action.

So that is correct.

The last thing, though, Kristie, is Obama continues to hold in his back pocket that possibility of military action. And it's one thing that the Russians really do not want to accept.

LU STOUT: And let's focus now on the relationship between Russia and Syria and the leverage that Russia has. Does Russia have the power to persuade the Assad government to truly relinquish its chemical weapons.

DOUGHERTY: Some Russian politicians would say they do have influence, but others will freely admit that it's not as much as its cracked up to be. They do have some influence. And obviously they are at least perceived as friends of Syria. And so the Syrians very quickly agreed to that Russian proposal.

But can the Russians really behind the scenes push them? We simply don't know that. How far in this particular gambit can the Russians really urge the Syrians to follow through and have them follow through? That's unclear.

LU STOUT: All right. We look forward to find out what will happen out of that meeting between Lavrov and Secretary Kerry.

Jill Dougherty joining us live from Moscow. Thank you as always.

Now France has issued a statement saying that it remains ready to punish the use of chemical weapons by the Syrian regime. Paris is also drafting a resolution to present to the UN security council. And according to Reuters, the initial draft demands that Syria declare all its chemical weapons within 15 days and open all related sites to inspectors.

Now remember, though, draft resolutions often they evolve substantially during negotiations between members of the security council.

Now the Turkish government supports military intervention in Syria. But opinion within Turkey is divided. And anti-war sentiment appears to be growing.

Ivan Watson reports from the province of Hatay where a clash between Turkish police and protesters turned deadly.


IVAN WATSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: A mother (inaudible) mad with grief. This woman's 22-year-old son Ahmed Atakkhan (ph) died Tuesday morning after attending protests against the Turkish government and its strong support for military intervention in neighboring Syria.

"My son protested against war so there would be peace," she screamed. "In Turkey, they kill those who want peace."

This was the scene before dawn on Tuesday when riot police clashed with demonstrators in this city near the Syrian border. Police later released this video showing how demonstrators hurled stones at armored vehicles from rooftops.

They say this man briefly seen falling into the road was Atakhan (ph) falling from some height. His injuries proved fatal.

But eyewitnesses say Atakhan (ph) was not killed by a fall. This man tells us a police armored vehicle turret shot Atakhan (ph) in the head with a tear gas canister at close range. Atakhan's (ph) blood still stains the pavement where he was wounded.

(on camera): This isn't the first time this has happened here. Just three months ago, another young man from the neighborhood, Abdullah Jomert (ph), was killed during clashes with Turkish police. It happened just two blocks away from where Ahmed Atakhan (ph) was fatally injured.

(voice-over): The Turkish government says it has launched an investigation into Atakhan's death. But everyone we talked to here blames the police.

(on camera): The mourners are chanting "murderer police." Regardless of how we die, the death of Ahmed Atakhan (ph), yet another protester killed here in Hatay, will only exacerbate existing political and sectarian tensions and shows how the Syrian conflict across the border continues to destabilize here in Turkey.

(voice-over): Turkey's prime minister has been publicly urging the U.S. to launch a military intervention against Syria. But a recent poll shows 72 percent of Turks surveyed don't want intervention in Syria. And that's especially true in Hatay where many Turkish citizens are from the same Alawite religious sect as Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and have close family ties in Syria.

ERDEM CELEP, TURKISH NATIONAL: My (inaudible) family, they're living in Syria. So we don't want to go to the war. We don't want to fight with our brothers and sisters.

WATSON: Grief at the funeral quickly turns to rage in the streets, another evening of discontent very close to the border with Syria.

Ivan Watson, CNN, Hatay, Turkey.


LU STOUT: This is News Stream. And coming up next, prosecutors in India demand the death penalty in the case that sparked nationwide protest. We'll get the latest on the sentencing hearing in the gang rape and murder trial in New Delhi.

12 years on, America remembers the 9/11 terror attacks.

And we'll take a close look at Apple's two new iPhones. Stay with CNN.


LU STOUT: Welcome back.

You're watching News Stream. And you're looking at a visual version of all the stories you've got in the show today. Now we started with the U.S. President's speech asking to delay a vote on military action. And then later in the show, we'll ask a terrorism expert Peter Bergen what threat al Qaeda poses today.

But now, we turn to India.

Now four men convicted in a crime that sparked nationwide protest in India will learn their fate on Friday, that's when the judge will sentence them for the rape and murder of a woman in New Delhi last year.

And while the defendants are asking for leniency, protesters gathered outside the court today demanding the men be executed. Now that call has been echoed by the prosecution and the victim's parents.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): We are going to the court with the hope that the convicts will be hanged. We do not want anything other than the death sentence.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): This will be very important for Nerbayah (ph) as well as the entire country, because the nation has struggled for Nerbayah (ph) for the past nine months.


LU STOUT: And now more on a disturbing study we brought to you on Tuesday about the prevalence of rape in parts of Asia. Now the survey was conducted across these six countries by four UN agencies. As you can see, India was not one of them.

Now more than 10,000 men were surveyed. Nearly one-quarter of them admitted to committing rape. And nearly half of those interviewed reported using physical or sexual violence against a female partner and nearly half of those who said they had committed rape first did so as a teenager with 12 percent of them under 15 years of age at the time.

Now the study also looked at some of the causes as reported by the perpetrators. The most common one, a perception of sexual entitlement, that is a belief in their right to have sex regardless of consent.

Now joining me now is James Lang. He is the program coordinator for Partners for Prevention, which carried out the study. And he joins me now live from Bangkok, Thailand.

And James, thank you for joining us.

The findings in this report are truly shocking. Could you tell us how the team was able to gather such brutally honest responses in this study?

JAMES LANG, COORDINATOR, U.N. PARTNERS FOR PREVENTION: Well, in fact, the methodology is something that we feel is quite innovative for this study. We asked very sensitive questions, as you know, and we use these handheld devices. In fact, iPod Touches, to ensure that men were able to answer these questions about perpetration of violence in a completely anonymous way.

So they were introduced by an interviewer who would be a man. And he would give them when it was time to answer the sensitive questions, he would give them the handheld device and they were able to answer those questions by themselves.

So we ensured confidentiality and anonymity.

LU STOUT: What kind of questions did the interviewers use? Was the word rape ever used?

LANG: No. In fact, we don't use the word rape. We asked men if they had ever forced a partner or a non-partner to have sex. Or we asked if they had ever had sex with a partner or non-partner if they were too drunk or drugged to provide consent. So we don't use the word rape.

LU STOUT: And you're findings. And why is there widespread sexual assault across the region here in the Asia-Pacific?

LANG: I'm sorry, can you repeat the question.

LU STOUT: Why is there widespread sexual assault against women in Asia?

LANG: We found that men's use of violence against women overall was related to both the fundamental gender equality that we have across the world, not only in this region. And that there are factors related to gender norms and men's relationship practices that were driving men's use of violence.

Also, it's related to men's understanding of how to be a man. So men's use of violence is related to men that celebrate toughness and sexual performance and dominance over women.

But it's also related to men's experiences of violence particularly as children. So men who had experienced sexual abuse or emotional abuse or witnessed their mother being abused were more likely to perpetrate violence against women as an adult.

LU STOUT: So individual experience, definitions of masculinity, gender norms, all of these factors about why there's so many acts of sexual violence against women. What can be done? So what's the solution here? How can we prevent violence against women?

LANG: Well, these things that you just listed are main findings. In fact tell us that violence is preventable. None of these things are natural conditions. And we know that rates of violence change across the study sites and across the world. So to prevent violence, we have to first of all make violence unacceptable and, you know, to change these norms and communities where violence is allowed. And as well as the norms around gender equality and the subordination of women.

We also have to address child abuse and help children heal that do experience some kind of violence and promote healthy families and caring for children.

And we have to end this impunity for men who use violence against women, particularly marital rape, which we found was even more common than rape of a non-partner.

LU STOUT: Now last question what are your policy recommendations -- sorry, James -- we know government officials across Asia, they are watching CNN International, could you give us a concrete example of a program or policy that would prevent violence against women?

LANG: Well, central to all of this is promoting non-violent and caring ways to be men. Not all of the men surveyed of course used violence. And many men are already out there that are non-violent and caring. And policies can help support those men -- be it health policy, education policy, even labor policy that helps break down these strict gender norms that many of us hold where men are supposed to be one way and women are the other.

There's lots of policy interventions that are already out there being implemented by governments in this region. And I think we're giving them very concrete information for more.

LU STOUT: Well, James, it is a shocking study, but it is also a groundbreaking one. And here's hoping that it will lead to some meaningful change here in the Asia-Pacific. James Lang of Partners for Prevention joining us live from Bangkok, thank you so much. Take care.

Now this is News Stream. And ahead on the program, Americans are pausing to remember 12 years since the September 11 terror attacks. We have live pictures from New York where remembrance ceremonies are beginning this hour.


LU STOUT: The iconic (inaudible) here in Hong Kong coming to you live from the city. You are back watching News Stream.

Now one year ago, Rafael Nadal was battling a serious knee injury that threatened to derail his tennis career. Now he is U.S. Open champion and he's back to his best. And the Spaniard sat down with CNN sports Rachel Nichols to talk about his remarkable comeback.


RACHEL NICHOLS, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: You had a very serious knee injury. What was your biggest fear during rehab or while you were just even sitting on your couch about whether you'd be able to play.

RAFAEL NADAL, 2013 U.S. OPEN CHAMPION: This comeback is being very, very emotional. Tendon is something difficult for us, because at the end we need our knees. Without the knees it's impossible to compete well. So sometimes I still have pain, but the most important thing is I am able to play with no limitations. And that's everything.

NICHOLS: Did you have any fear inside, maybe I won't be able to get back to that high level?

NADAL: Sure I have doubts. Everybody have doubts. And the doubts are good, because if not it's because you are arrogant, no. I'm sure this is normal to have doubts when you are playing. And doubts when you are injury and you don't know if you will be able to be back at 100 percent.

But that's part of our live and just accept and (inaudible) work with (inaudible) every day.

NICHOLS: Serena Williams has been talking about when you play very well from a very young age, you kind of just think tennis is always going to be there. You almost take it for granted a little bit. And she said for her almost losing it because of her health has made her appreciate the game differently.

Do you appreciate it or approach it any differently?

NADAL: It's (inaudible) that when you are coming back after the low moments victories are most special, more emotional. But I always know that that's not forever. So just trying to enjoy every moment as much as I can, trying to try my best in every moment, because in a few years I will not have the chance to play again in the stadium like I did yesterday.

NICHOLS: You win your first ATP match at 15-years-old, one of the youngest to ever do something like that. When you look back at that kid back then, what do you think being the man that you are sitting here now?

NADAL: Well, not many differences -- older.

NICHOLS: Would you tell him anything? Would you give him any advice? Would you give him a shirt with sleeves or anything like that? No?

NADAL: Well, it was a special moment that all the (inaudible) are special. And when you are a kid, when you are younger you want to go to play with different styles and crazy jumping, everything is new, but that moment passed. I enjoy it a lot. We're in a different moment today, but the love and the passion for the game is still the same.


LU STOUT: Rafael Nadal there speaking with CNN's Rachel Nichols.

Now his U.S. Open victory is his 13th grand slam title. The second seed is now in a race with Novak Djokovic to finish the year at the top of the world rankings.

Now up next on the show, today marks 12 years since the September 11 attacks on America's World Trade Center. What sort of threat does al Qaeda pose to the U.S. and the world today? We'll speak to CNN's security analyst Peter Bergen.

And Apple has unveiled its latest offering two new iPhones. And we will test drive the new iPhone 5s.


LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching New Stream. And these are your world headlines.

Now U.S. President Barack Obama is giving diplomacy another chance, but says a military strike could still be in the cards. Now he has asked congress to postpone a vote on the use of force in Syria. The U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov will meet in Geneva on Thursday.

Four men will be sentenced on Friday for raping and killing an Indian woman in New Delhi last year. And the men could face the death penalty. Now the brutal attack has sparked nationwide protests demanding protection for women against sexual violence.

A powerful explosion has damaged a foreign ministry building in the Libyan city of Benghazi. It also slightly injured a security guard at the central bank of Libya. Now the explosion happened at 7:00 am local time. And a witness told CNN that the street would have been full of people one hour later.

Now this comes exactly one year after the attack on the U.S. consulate which killed four Americans.

Now the date is a significant one for Americans: 9/11. 12 years ago, the Twin Towers fell in New York, leaving a void in the city and the nation. And here you can see a nighttime tribute, the columns of light shine where the World Trade Center once stood.

Now the terror attacks killed nearly 3,000 people in New York, Washington, and Pennsylvania. It is a day that made Americans feel scared and vulnerable, a day they vowed to never forget.

Now 9/11 was orchestrated by al Qaeda. And it touched off the so- called war on terror.

And let's bring in Peter Bergen now from Washington. He is our CNN security analyst and recently co-authored a report on the threat of terrorism today.

And Peter, welcome to the program.

12 years after 9/11 what is your assessment? What kind of threat does al Qaeda pose today?

PETER BERGEN, CNN SECURITY ANALYST: Well, a very different one than it did on 9/11, Kristie. I mean, the fact that al Qaeda hasn't attacked the United States since 9/11, 12 years later, the fact that al Qaeda hasn't done a successful attack in the west since the 7/7 attacks in London on July 7, 2005, the fact that bin Laden the founder and leader of al Qaeda is dead, the fact that around 30 of his fellow leaders have been killed in CIA drone strikes in Pakistan in the last several years. And even the affiliate groups of al Qaeda are not in great shape, whether that's in Yemen or as we saw in Mali with the French army going in earlier this year and rolling back an al Qaeda affiliate that had taken over half the country.

You know, that said, we're also the anniversary of the Benghazi attack, as you just pointed out. Groups with -- inspired by al Qaeda in Libya are doing somewhat OK and we are seeing the most effective fighting force in Syria is an al Qaeda affiliate, and that is a cause for real concern.

LU STOUT: Al Qaeda has changed. Extremist terrorism has changed.

In the wake of the Boston marathon bombings what is the status of homegrown extremism in America?

BERGEN: You know, one of the takeaways from the report that we just authored was that the domestic extremists motivated by al Qaeda's ideology in the United States have at this point no connections to foreign groups. They radicalize largely on the internet. They don't need to go overseas to kind of meet people to inspire them.

And we saw in the Boston bombings the two brothers who are allegedly behind the attack, one of them did have contacts with overseas militants, but it's not clear that they had any role in that attack. And that's both good news and bad news. It's good news in the sense that people are not getting training overseas, which makes them much more deadly. The bad news is, though, people with no connections to a foreign terrorist group, you know, are hard to detect. And lone wolves by their nature, if they're not communicating with other people, if they're really just an individual or in the Boston case a pair, are hard for law enforcement to detect. And sometimes they will get one through, as unfortunately they did in Boston.

LU STOUT: Lone wolves harder to monitor, harder to detect.

Now your report also says that the number of plots and incidents involving homegrown terrorism, that that's falling. Why is that? What is constraining the threat?

BERGEN: Well, you know, the number of indictments in the United States has been dropping pretty dramatically since 2009. That's not a perfect indicator that the threat is declining. You know, some people may be still sort of below the radar screen, but obviously this very huge law enforcement effort in the United States and, you know, I think al Qaeda's ideology is not particularly attractive for the vast majority of American Muslims. And, you know, people are kind of tuning out bin Laden's message thankfully.

And that's also true -- we've seen a declining number of plots in -- serious plots in, for instance, the United Kingdom. And you know even in Europe in general, you know, given the state of so many European Muslims -- you know, to give you one statistic in France 10 percent of the population is Muslim, but 70 percent of the prison population is Muslim. So this is a very disadvantaged group of people. But they don't seem to be turning to al Qaeda and its ideas luckily in any numbers.

LU STOUT: And a final question for you, Peter, especially Syria is dominating the headlines. Your thoughts on the future of al Qaeda in Syria. There's a wide concern that the civil war has given rise to jihadist fighters there and that al Qaeda could turn into a potent force inside Syria.

Your thoughts on that.

BERGEN: Kristie, I think that's already happened. You know, al Qaeda seems to have learned from its mistakes in Iraq. The group in Syria is sort of a splinter organization of al Qaeda in Iraq. And they're not imposing Taliban style rule on the population for the moment. They're even organizing things like ice cream contests and tug of war contests. They're holding town meetings. And they're acting in a more political manner.

And they're also widely regarded as the most effective fighting force against Assad there. They're battle hardened from Iraq. They are -- they're not corrupt. They're not looting. They're disciplined. And unfortunately they are playing, you know, a leading -- or if not the leading role in the opposition to Assad right now.

LU STOUT: Peter Bergen, thank you very much indeed.

Now you could read more from Peter Bergen on our website right here. And his latest piece, it's called "Jihadist Terrorism in America Since 9/11." You can find it

Now let's walk over here. And as expected, Apple, it took the wraps off two new iPhones on Monday. Now the iPhone 5c, it's a cheaper version with the plastic back while the 5s, it's a new highend model that now comes in gold.

Now the other major new feature is a fingerprint sensor. And Dan Simon shows us how it works.


DAN SIMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: I got my hands on the new iPhone 5s. And we're going to take a look at one of the new key features: the ability to unlock it using your thumbprint. Once you're in the right setting screen, it's going to ask you to place your finger on the pad. So there we go. We're going to do this a few times until it has a complete profile of your thumbprint.

Once it's done, it will be covered completely in red with your fingerprint. It'll say success. And now you're ready to unlock your phone using your fingerprint.

I'm just going to place my thumb on the home button and you can see it unlocks the phone right away.

So that's the new signature feature on the iPhone 5s. The phone will go on sale on September 20.

Dan Simon, CNN, Cupertino, California.


LU STOUT: But much of the attention was on the cheaper iPhone, the 5c. And note that I said cheaper, because the iPhone 5c certainly isn't cheap. Now in the U.S., the 5c starts at $99 with a contract. But without one, it is far more expensive, about $550 in the U.S. But that is a bargain compared to other countries. In Australia, it's almost $690. In China, it's actually $733. And in France, almost $800.

Now the price of an iPhone without a contract is important, because not every mobile provider carries the iPhone, like the world's biggest mobile carrier China Mobile of course.

Now let's look at the price of the iPhone 5c in China again. Now $733, that is a lot of money, especially compared to the average monthly income of a Beijing resident, the highest in China.

Now this could explain why Apple is struggling in China. Apple ranks just seventh among smartphone makers in China trailing Samsung as well as local rivals like Huawei and ZTE.

But CNN Money's Adrian Covert says the 5c isn't just about marketshare.


ADRIAN COVERT, CNN MONEY CORRESPONDENT: I think this was done in Apple's interest more than anyone. The plastic back is going to be a lot cheaper to make for Apple. And they sell a lot of these midrange phones. So if they drive up their profit margins on these midrange phones, they can stand to make a lot of money from this.


LU STOUT: So it's about margins, not marketshare.

Now let's get another perspective. We are joined by our regular tech contribute Nick Thompson. He is the editor of The New And he joins us now.

And Nick, the iPhone 5c, the price not as cut-rate, not as budget as many had hoped. Is that a good or bad thing for Apple?

NICK THOMPSON, NEW YORKER.COM: It's a very bad thing for Apple. And I think you're seeing that reflected in the reaction of analysts. And you've seen the reaction of the markets.

You know, a lot of people -- everybody knew that Apple would come out with a slightly cheaper phone. The expectation was that the prices would be significantly lower than what we're seeing right now.

Apple needs to compete in developing markets. It needs to compete in India. It needs to compete in China. And as you've shown in that very compelling graphic, it's going to be hard for them to do it at those very high prices.

The tradeoff for Apple is they have never wanted to get rid of the luxury sheen on their products. And they really didn't do that.

So the good news for Apple, iPhones will still be considered luxury products. The bad news, it's going to be very hard for them to gain traction in these markets where they need to gain traction.

LU STOUT: Now let's talk about the other new offering, the 5s. It has a fingerprint sensor. It looks interesting. But on a practical level, what does it mean for users?

THOMPSON: Well, I actually think this is a pretty important feature. So what it does is it makes it a lot easier to log in. You don't have to annoyingly type in your password. It's going to make it easier to buy apps, so you can -- you know, do it much more simply, much more quickly. So that's very efficient.

I also think that over time there's going to be more of a merging of devices and less of a separation. One of the biggest separations between the ways we interact with our devices is the amount of time we spend entering passwords, remembering passwords, typing them in on those small screens. So I think that this fingerprint sensor is something that, you know, we'll look back and say that Apple was one of the first to do this and it was actually very, very important a few years from now.

LU STOUT: So the gulf between man and machine is breaking down. It perhaps started with this.

Now iPhone 5s also has a pretty deluxe camera. It can do super slomo video at about 120 frames per second. What do you think about that? Is that a gamechanger at all?

THOMPSON: I don't think the slow motion video is a gamechanger. I am impressed with the camera. But again we're seeing Apple is sort of following, it's following Nokia, it's following HTC in its camera technology. They made a big deal out of it yesterday. They made a big deal about the sensors, made a big deal about the flash, they made a big deal out of the slow motion video processing. They made a big deal about the filters. So there are a lot of good new features in this. There are a lot of good features in the camera app that will be on your iPhone that will maybe keep you aware, make you spend less time on Instagram.

The slow motion video I think will be lots of fun. I think they'll be shared on social media. I don't think that this is -- this is new from Apple, but I don't think we're going to look back and say, oh, Apple made the best camera and the best camera software and that really is what, you know, made the iPhone 5s succeed.

This is good, but I don't think it's a gamechanger.

LU STOUT: All right. Nick Thompson joining us live from New York. Thank you so much as always. And take care.

THOMPSON: Thank you, Kristie.

LU STOUT; All right.

Now Nick Thompson he was joining us there from New York.

The city of New York right now is preparing to pause for a somber tribute. And we will be live at the White House as well where the U.S. President Barack Obama along with the first lady will observe a 9/11 memorial. We'll have that live after this short break.


LU STOUT: Welcome back.

It is mid-morning on the east coast of the United States where commemorations are being held to remember those who lost their lives in the September 11, 2001 terror attacks.

Let's bring up live video from Washington, D.C. The U.S. President Barack Obama and his wife preparing to observe a moment of silence on the south lawn of the White House.

Now these are live pictures from the south lawn of the White House where again President Obama and the first lady are preparing to observe that moment of silence all in remembrance of the victims of the 9/11 attacks. This is a day of remembrance and reflection and we're waiting for the president and the first lady to appear.

And this day the nation, the world, are pausing to remember what was lost on this day some 12 years ago.

Now again, it is morning on the east coast of the United States. Commemorations are being held to remember those who lost their lives on the September 11, 2001 attacks. Also later, members of congress will hold a remembrance ceremony at the Capitol.

The U.S. president is appearing now with the first lady at the south lawn of the White House. And they will soon observe that moment of silence and remembrance of the 9/11 attacks.

It's exactly 8:46 am local time.

Let's watch and listen.

OK. Just a moment ago we watched live pictures there from the south lawn of the White House. The U.S. president, the first lady, the U.S. Vice President Joe Biden all there joining for a moment of silence. It started at 8:46 am local time. And that was the time when 12 years ago today the first plane struck the North Tower.

Now you're looking at live pictures from New York City as the entire city marks a moment of silence on this day, the 12th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.

Families of the victims are reading out the names of the victims in pairs. Let's listen in.






UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Ignatius Udo Adanga (ph).

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Kristie A. Adanga (ph).

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Terrance Edward Adderly Jr. (ph).

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Sophia B. (inaudible).


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Daniel Thomas Aflito (ph).

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Emmanuel Acrosi Afuaqua (ph).


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And my father Richard Anthony Acceto (ph). Daddy, I miss you so much and I think about you every day. Even though it's been 12 years I will never forget all the amazing times we had together. You were more than just my daddy, you were my best friend. And I love you more than anything. You will be in my heart always.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And my brother Richard Anthony Paolozolo (ph). Richie, your twin Ron is living for both of you. Three Rs forever, twins forever.

LU STOUT: Moving testimony there from New York City as the United States and the world pause to remember all that was lost 12 years ago. Today the anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.

Now let's move to an inspiring story of a 17-year-old who is helping to give the gift of sight to disadvantaged children all around the world. Now Yash Gupta launched a nonprofit organization two years ago. And he got the idea when his glasses broke and he was having trouble focusing in school.

He is this week's CNN Hero.


YASH GUPTA, YOUNG WONDER: I was only 5 years old when I got my first pair of glasses. When I was a freshman in high school, I broke my glasses. I just couldn't see anything. And so I really realized just how much glasses meant to me. Without them, I really couldn't do anything normally.

I started doing some research. And I learned that there are millions of students around the world who need glasses, but cannot afford them. I had this problem for one week, but these kids had these problems for their whole lives.

My name is Yash Gupta and I'm trying to help students around the world see better. I learned that there are millions of glasses that are discarded annually in North America alone, so why not put them to good use.

So when I was 14, I started reaching out to local optometrists and putting collection boxes in their offices. So when a patient came to get a new pair of glasses he could drop off the old pairs of glasses.

We work with other organizations and then they distribute the glasses.

The other way we distribute glasses is by going on clinic trips.

I gave him some glasses. We're going to Tijuana, Mexico today. And we'll be distributing these to some kids in orphanages.

It's a personal interaction. And that's what I really love, being able to see the people that we're actually helping.

Watching someone get glasses the first time, you know, just really inspiring.

To date, we've collected and distributed over $425,000 worth of eyeglasses, which is equivalent to 8,500 pairs.

I'm 17 years old and although many people believe kids can't make a difference, I have.

I think anyone can do that. It's just about being motivated and going out there and just doing it.



LU STOUT: Welcome back to News Stream. And before we go, a man comes around from surgery and is smitten with a stranger. Great love story, right? Well, it gets even better. Jeanne Moos reports.


JEANNE MOOS, CNN SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): He seemed to be waking up after a hernia operation, eating a cracker when his eyes focused on the woman beside his bed.

JASON MORTENSEN, HUSBAND FORGOT HIS WIFE: Did the doctor send you? Man, you are eye candy.

MOOS: The prettiest woman he's ever seen, he said.

CANDICE MORTENSEN, JASON'S WIFE: My name's Candice. I'm your wife.

J. MORTENSEN: You're my wife?



MOOS: The YouTube video "Entitled Seeing Her for the First Time Again" has women gushing. "That time when you laugh and cry in your cub at the same watching a video at lunch."

J. MORTENSEN: Do we have children yet?


C. MORTENSEN: Not yet.

J. MORTENSEN: Man, have we kissed yet?

MOOS: Even female co-hosts were smitten over how smitten Jason Mortensen was.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Whatever he's on (INAUDIBLE), ask me on.

MOOS (on camera): Some skeptics cried fake. When we got hold of the love struck husband on the phone, and he assured us it was all true. He gave us the name and number of his doctor to verify the surgery.

(Voice-over): American Fork Hospital in Utah confirmed that Dr. Paul Robinson performed surgery on Jason back on August 21st.

Jason says his wife Candace has been by his side through five surgeries in the six years they've been married, but who's counting?

J. MORTENSEN: How long have we been married?

C. MORTENSEN: A long time.

J. MORTENSEN: My god. I hit the jackpot.

MOOS: Not since the YouTube video "David After the Dentist."

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Is this real life?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, this is real life.

MOOS: Has a sedated person awakened such interest on the Web.

J. MORTENSEN: Whoa, your teeth are perfect. MOOS (on camera): Jason told me on the phone that he was a little reluctant to post the video, because for one thing he didn't like that he swore.


MOOS: Something he doesn't usually do. Blame it on the anesthesia.

(Voice-over): Might as well blame this on it, too.

J. MORTENSEN: Turn around.


MOOS: Responded one poster, "Turn around. Men are all the same even when they're all doped up, LOL." But not many guys get to experience love at first sight. Twice.

Jeanne Moos, CNN.

J. MORTENSEN: You're my wife?

MOOS: New York.


LU STOUT: Turn around. My goodness.

That is News Stream. World Business Today is next.