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CONNECT THE WORLD

Little Progress In India's Rape Laws; 83 Killed In Aleppo Bombings; Europe Woefully Falling Short To Help Ease Syrian Refugee Crisis; Ukraine Inches Towards EU Trade Deal; UK Slavery Bill; Israel-Lebanon Border Shooting; Right of Return for Palestinian Refugees; Israel's Security; What We'll Be Wearing in 2014; Parting Shots: Remembering Peter O'Toole

Aired December 16, 2013 - 15:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


BECKY ANDERSON, CNN HOST: Tonight, is your country failing Syria's refugees when they need help the most? As the UN launches its biggest ever aid appeal for Syria, I ask the head of the UN's refugee agency about the barriers, not bridges, that Europe is erecting to keep them out.

Also ahead...

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

APOORVA MOHAN, STUDENT: You always have to be aware of your surroundings, you know. It's -- it just goes without saying that you're going to go out and, you know, you're going to come back with some incidents.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

ANDERSON: We report on a grim reality of life for Indian women a year after shocking gang rape made global headlines.

And, separated by a decade long conflict, but united in hope, we'll have the human stories of the Israeli-Palestinian political conflict.

ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN London, this is Connect the World with Becky Anderson.

ANDERSON: A very good evening to you. The UN is launching its biggest appeal yet for humanitarian aid to Syria, underscoring the enormity of the need and suffering that is the terrible result of this two-and-a-half year conflict.

Now much more on this story in a moment. First, yet another stark reminder of the violence that millions of Syrians are forced to live with.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

NICK PATON WALSH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Sunday, this was Aleppo's skyline: barrel bombs dropped from regime helicopters, said activists, up to 25 times. From the street, the dust and ghostly terror of the aftermath.

Devastatingly disruptive, devastating random, it seems. Sometimes dropped on buildings in rebel held areas, sometimes, like here, the open spaces of a roundabout where buses picked up passengers. 35 dead alone here, almost half women and children, around 80 dead in total. And as ever, no 911 to call, nobody but those nearby there to help.

The searches are by hand for loved ones.

Aleppo punished by bombings since nearly 18 months ago when rebels moved in. Now the regime is trying to come back, as are al Qaeda linked rebels who nearby beat a man like this recently for graffiti against them.

Those left in Aleppo caught now between two evils with little space for life left.

Nick Paton Walsh, CNN, London.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ANDERSON: Well, the UN says $6.5 billion will be needed to support the Syrian crisis in 2014. But break the numbers down and you get a sense of how far that money needs to go.

For instance, in terms of refugee children alone, it comes down to a little more than $400 each.

I spoke to the UN's high commissioner for refugees Antonio Guterres and asked him what sort of difference that sort of funding would make. Have a listen.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

ANTONIO GUTERRES, UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES: We are launching together, UNICEF and many other agencies, what we call the no lost generation campaign. We cannot allow this generation of children to be lost for themselves and for the future of Syria. And there are three main concerns. First, education. Only when third of the Syrian refugee children is at school and inside Syria even worse.

Second, psychosocial support. We are seeing a generation traumatized by violence, by conflict. Many children have seen members of their family being killed, their houses being destroyed. They are afraid. They need psychosocial support and the capacity to give it has been much smaller in relation to what would be necessary.

And then third aspect, the protection of these children. Lots of child labor. Early marriages for girls trying to find a way for the families to survive. Even problems of families driving young girls into prostitution.

ANDERSON: What happens if you don't get this money? I mean, we know that the figure is large. We know that in the past, you haven't got anything like the figures that you've asked for at the UN. Are we talking the difference between life and death here?

GUTERRES: I mean, yes we are. I mean, look at the winter. We had the worst snow storm of the last 100 years in Lebanon. We made a huge effort together with all other organizations -- with the Lebanese army -- to be able to address the situation to winterize most of the places where refugees were. But we were not able to reach everywhere. And we have seen people suffering horribly.

Now, if resources are not enough, we will really not be able in many circumstances to guarantee the basic elements for people to be able to survive in the most extreme circumstances that they might find.

ANDERSON: Antonio, a new report from Amnesty International in the past couple of days shows the degree to which Europe has effectively closed itself off from the Syrian refugees who have fled the war. We are well aware of the enormous volume of refugees on the neighboring borders, but Europe it seems is building barriers not bridges. What's your response?

GUTERRES: I think there are different situations in different countries. A country like Sweden or a country like Germany, they have been doing a very good job in not only receiving Syrian refugees, but even going and bringing them from the countries around.

But indeed, in other situations we see borders closed. And I think it's totally unacceptable that a Syrian family to reach safety in Europe needs to put itself in the hands of smugglers and traffickers to be brought in an unseaworthy boat in the Mediterranean to risk drowning as many have drowned and perished on the way.

So, our appeal to European countries is to have a more open visa policy, to have family reunifaction programs, to have the borders open. We cannot only ask Jordan and Lebanon to keep the borders open, every border should be open to Syrian refugees at the present moment. And everybody should be able to find protection.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ANDERSON: That is a stark warning, isn't it?

And I want to show you the Amnesty report that Antonio and I were talking about. The figures out for Europe speak for themselves, I'm afraid.

In the UK and Italy, not one refugee has been taken in from a conflict that has lasting more than 1,000 days. Spain, not much better, allowing only 30. France, 500. Germany, more generous as Antonio pointed out, taking 80 percent of all the EU pledges. That is in stark contrast to the Middle East and its intake of people

Lebanon, numbers nearly 8 million (sic) now. Turkey and Jordan, over half a million each even in the midst of its own political upheaval. Egypt, you can see there, has allowed ten times more people than the whole of the European Union.

Amnesty says the bloc's leaders should hang their heads in shame.

Well, in the UK the doors remain shut to Syrian refugees. The government says there are no plans for resettlement options instead saying Britain's financial contributions to the crisis are enough.

Well, meantime, Mark Wallace is working to get his Syrian wife out of Damascus and into England to be with their family. He told me about their one struggle.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

MARK WALLACE, WIFE STUCK IN SYRIA: My wife stayed behind initially to look after her parents. They're quite elderly. And to obviously in the situation to make sure that everything was fine in the area that they were living.

ANDERSON: You've now been separated for 17 months. Why?

WALLACE: Well, because of the new legislation that was brought in in the very month that I fled with my daughter. The minimum earning threshold is 18,600 in order to get a spouse visa. Of course, we were totally unaware that legislation had changed.

ANDERSON: Let me just read our viewers just part of what was in the letter that she received. You are a national of a country that is going through escalating violence, civil unrest and instability. If you travel to the UK I, this being the British government, am not satisfied that you will not take the opportunity to remain in the UK with your family residing there.

It is clearly as a result of the civil war and the potential for your wife wanting to get away from that that her application has been denied.

How does that make you feel?

WALLACE: Well, it's horrendous, first of all. I mean, she proves financially that she could support her stay at great risk to herself to recover the documents that they required at the embassy, I might add. And, you know, there was just no humanitarian issue there at all, you know just to say that, you know -- she doesn't need telling that she's from a war torn country, she's very well aware of that, you know. She's experiencing, as I did, things on a daily basis.

ANDERSON: What is the situation for your wife in Syria as things stand?

WALLACE: At present? It's a catastrophe. I mean, can you imagine on a daily basis you know she's narrowly avoiding car bombs, explosions, mortars fired overhead, and only today I managed to get through on Skype before there was a power cut. And there had been a massacre in the Adria (ph) suburb of Damascus, which is it seems if it's ongoing. And she's absolutely devastated.

ANDERSON: What sort of impact has this all had on your life, your daughter's life and the life of your wife?

WALLACE: Well, as I say my wife is devastated and feels, you know, that she's not been fairly treated at all. She's got the daily worry of being in the conflict. And from my own experience that's awful. She's lost -- she's lost either through kidnapping or murder or whatever 53 members of her extended family. You see things daily on television that nobody sees, and I mean nobody sees, not even on the Internet, things that you simply unimaginable.

Thankfully, my daughter is shielded from that. And I try and shield her from that, but of course she's fully aware of where her mother is. That's the torturous thing, you know. Does the home office not realize that my daughter, 9-year-old daughter now, knows exactly where her mother is?

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ANDERSON: That was Mark Wallace talking to me a couple of days ago. We asked the UK's home office then to respond to Mark's family's case. Their statement back to us reads, "all visa applications are considered on their individual merits and in line with the immigration rules."

We asked them again today knowing that we would be running that interview with Mark and the advice from them was the same.

Well, hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees are suffering in the cold winter months. If you can help, or if you want to read more on the stories that we're covering, do head to CNN.com/ImpactYourWorld. There are a list of approved charities and aid groups that are directly involved in this crisis. Your money will get to those in most need. All at CNN.com/ImpactYourWorld.

Still to come tonight, after weeks of unrest in Kiev. The EU's top diplomat is still holding out hope for a way forward. We'll tell you why.

Voicing their anger, crowds take to the streets a year after shocking gang rape case made world headlines.

Coming up, we look at what has and hasn't changed in India.

And Israel is demanding answers after a shooting along the Lebanese border leaves an Isreali soldier dead.

All that and more coming up.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

ANDERSON: This is CNN. You're watching Connect the World with me, Becky Anderson. It's 15 minutes past 8:00 in London.

Now as demonstrators remain on the streets of Kiev, the European Union is vowing to work with Ukraine's leadership. Now they are hoping to resolve a weeks long impasse over what is a trade deal. But is the EU's offer enough to entice Ukraine to pivot westward?

CNN's Diana Mangay has the very latest on what is this diplomatic dance.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

DIANA MAGNAY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: The EU's top foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton has said in Brussels that the door is still open if Ukraine wishes to press ahead with an association agreement with the European Union. She had a working lunch with Russia's foreign minister Sergei Lavrov and said that she had tried to convince him that a free trade agreement between Ukraine and the European Union and any trade deals between the Ukraine and Russia were not mutually exclusive.

Let's take a listen.

CATHERINE ASHTON, EU TOP FOREIGN POLICY CHIEF: In our discussions with Foreign Minister Lavrov, we made it clear that we here, not just from Ukraine, have concerns that are raised about the sense that previous agreements, the Free Trade Agreement, for example, between Ukraine and Russia, which does not need to be affected by this agreement could be at risk. And the sense of pressure that they feel as a consequence of that.

MAGNAY: Of course, the question is how much Mr. Putin is prepared to accept that message as he tries to ensure that Ukraine stays within his sphere of influence.

The Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych will be traveling to Moscow to meet with him on Tuesday. On the table will be cheaper gas prices for Ukraine and also a possible loan injection. But with the Ukrainian economy, as constricted as it is, Mr. Yanukovych's options or his bargaining power are limited, especially as all sides in this dispute -- the protesters on the square behind me, ministers in Brussels, and also Mr. Putin show themselves increasingly frustrated by his efforts to play both sides.

Diana Magnay, CNN, Kiev.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ANDERSON: A top U.S. security official says he would consider offering amnesty to former contractor Edward Snowden if leaks of classified information came to an end.

Snowden remains in Moscow after leaks detailing government spying triggered U.S. espionage charges against him.

The U.S. National Security Agency's Richard Ledgett was interviewed on the CBS program 60 Minutes.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He has already said if I got amnesty I would come back. Given the potential damage to national security, what would your thought on making a deal be?

RICHARD LEDGETT, HEAD OF NSA SNOWDEN TASKFORCE: So my personal view is, yes, that's worth having a conversation about. I would need assurances that the remainder of the data could be secured. And my bar for those assurances would be very high, it would be more than just an assertion on his part.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Is that a unanimous feeling?

LEDGETT: It's not unanimous.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

ANDERSON: It's been a day of violence in cities across Iraq. Several Baghdad neighborhoods were rocked by car bombs, leaving 17 dead and more than 50 wounded. Just south of the capital, at least two dozen people died in blasts targeting Shiite pilgrims. And so in Iraq, militants stormed the city council building in Tikrit fighting with security forces and occupying the facility.

In South Sudan, thousands of refugees are seeking shelter in a UN compound after an attempted coup. People fled the capital of Juba after heavy gunfire overnight.

The president of South Sudan is vowing to punish those responsible. The unrest being blamed on soldiers loyal to a recently fired deputy.

In Chile, a familiar face is set to take power again. The socialist Michelle B achelet easily won a presidential runoff vote. She was congratulated today by incumbent Sebastian Pinera. Bachelet vowed to improve education and fight inequality in the country during her second term. Her swearing in takes place in March.

This is Connect the World, coming up, tackling modern-day slavery. What the UK is doing to end slavery within its borders.

First though, one year on from a brutal gang rape in India, just how much has changed? That, after this.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

ANDERSON: A very warm welcome back. This is Connect the World out of London for you. And you're watching CNN.

Vigils are being held across India to mark one year since what was a brutal rape case that shocked the entire country and indeed the world. The horrendous crime happened in the capital New Delhi. A 23-year-old medical student, you'll remember, was attacked on her bus ride home and gang raped for an hour.

The perpetrators used an iron bar to assault her and then left her on the side of the road to die. Sadly, she did die days later in a hospital due to the severity of her injuries.

Well, a few weeks ago, CNN spoke to the victim's parents in some depth to even now struggle to comes to terms with the suffering their daughter experienced. Have a listen.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

ASHA DEVI, DELHI RAPE VICTIM'S MOTHER (through translator): We were shocked to see our daughter's state. What was in front of our eyes was hard to even imagine. We didn't know how to react for the first few moments.

BADRINATH SINGH, DELHI RAPE VICTIM'S FATHER (through translator): When I first saw her, she was conscious and she was lying on the stretcher. She looked at me and started crying. I told her to keep calm and not to worry anymore as I'd take care of everything.

The doctors felt it was a miracle for her to be alive after such gruesome injuries. They informed us she might not be able to survive the surgery.

DEVI (through translator): She told me they beat her badly. What could she say? Even I didn't have the courage to ask her anything. She was in great pain, so we never asked her anything. Even in so much pain, she would keep saying, don't worry I'm doing better and will get OK very soon.

It was because of huge public support that we were able to gather courage to put up a tough fight.

We never thought something like this could ever happen to us and in such a brutal manner. It shook the entire nation and led to public outrage on the streets. After seeing all that, we felt humanity still prevails on this Earth.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

ANDERSON: Well, they did put up a fight, a big fight. And since the attack, India's parliament has passed stricter laws against rape and sexual harassment, but as Sumnima Udas now reports, despite that legislation, violence against women goes on ofttimes unchecked.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: One year ago, these were the scenes in India's capital, tens of thousands on the streets to demand better protection for women.

Amongst the crowds, 24-year-old Apoorva Mohan. She helped set up a Facebook page, Movement for Change, urging people to come out and protest.

One year on, I asked Mohan if anything has changed.

APOORVA MOHAN, STUDENT: In terms of laws, yes. In terms of, you know, the police's reaction to what these things, their responds this, yes, they're more sensitive towards these issues now. But socially, I don't think so.

UDAS: Economic growth in the past two decades has prompted about a quarter of the country's women to leave their homes and join the workforce, often rejecting traditional attire for western ware, taking public transportation, staying out late. Indian women have never been so empowered, but some things are harder to change.

Traveling by public transportation should be safe. There's so many people around you. But often, majority of women here -- and they'll tell you -- harassment is a daily issue.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They come behind us and they kind of try to grind.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They touch our asses. They stand behind us and they push us. And they like to keep hands in there.

UDAS: Mohan has given up on public buses and is taking freewheeler taxis instead.

It seems quite safe. What can really happen in an (inaudible) rickshaw?

MOHAN: Just in case you don't know where you're going. You're going to some place you haven't been before. The other rickshaw guy could take you anywhere. I usually take the (inaudible) license plate number of the older rickshaw. I text it to my friends or maybe my family.

UDAS: On the street, never a stress free experience.

MOHAN: There are guys and there are men who would literally just like more or less like undressing you with their eyes.

UDAS: So you're always on your toes. You always have to be...

MOHAN: You're always on your toes. You always have to be aware of your surroundings, you know. It's -- it just goes without saying that you're going to go out and you know you're going to come back with some incident.

UDAS: She has numerous stories to tell of abuse. An elderly man grabbing her thighs on the bus, a group of boys in a car chasing her as she ran for her life. She's been carrying a pocket knife in her bag ever since.

And the instances of groping, too many to count.

MOHAN: There are all these girls, you know, who have their breasts grabbed in public places, somebody wants to come and pinch you and (inaudible) very, very rude comment to you.

You become under confident, then. You know, you feel -- yeah, you tend to lose -- you think you lost your self-esteem and all.

UDAS: The change that's needed is cultural, they say. And in the centuries old patriarchal society, that's not easily done.

Sumnima Udas, CNN, New Delhi.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ANDERSON: What do you think about this issue wherever you are in the world? We've been talking about it as a team and suggesting today it's sadly not a unique experience in India. So whatever you think wherever you are in the world. Get in tough via Facebook at Facebook.com/CNNConnect. And you can tweet me as ever @BeckyCNN. That's @BeckyCNN. You can find us on Instagram, that's just search for Becky and CNN. And you can watch my daily preview in fact of the show that goes out about an hour before we go to air.

All right, the latest world news headlines as you would expect here on CNN at the bottom of this hour.

Plus, she escaped the shadowy world of human trafficking. Now a victim tells us what she thinks the government needs to do to stop slavery here in Britain.

And then this rusty key represents a devastating loss, but also a never ending dream of returning home. We're going to look at the importance of this symbol for entire generations of Palestinians.

And a very different symbol reminds Israelis to never forget the horrors of the holocaust. We'll have two special reports when our past events play huge roles in shaping the future of the Middle East. That up next.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

ANDERSON: You're watching CONNECT THE WORLD, this is CNN for you. The top stories this hour.

No let-up in the violence in Syria. Opposition sources say regime helicopters dropped a barrel bomb on the city of Aleppo killing at least 83 people today. Meantime, the UN has launched the largest-ever aid appeal to the war-torn country. It says it'll need $6.5 billion in aid over the next year.

As demonstrators remained the streets of Kiev, the European Union is pushing forward on the diplomatic front. The EU's top foreign policy chief says she's prepared to work with the Ukrainian president to overcome his concerns about signing the deal.

NSA leaker Edward Snowden may get a chance at amnesty. At least one NSA official in charge of the leak investigation says he would consider amnesty only under very strict circumstances, but the head of the NSA says Snowden has to be held accountable.

Today in South Africa, a larger-than-life tribute to the former president Nelson Mandela unveiled this nine-meter-tall statue now stands outside the union building Pretoria, the same place where thousands lined up to pay tribute to Madiba last week.

If you are a regular viewer -- and if you're not, I hope you will be in the future -- you'll be aware of our ongoing commitment to shining a light into the dark corners of modern-day slavery. We make no apologies at CNN for the fact that we want to help put an end to what is this horrendous crime and industry.

It is far more common than you think. It happens everywhere, including here in Britain. Well, the British government estimates there are some 10,000 people currently enslaved across the country. Now, lawmakers here are hoping to change that through a new modern-day slavery bill.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

THERESA MAY, BRITISH HOME SECRETARY: It's landmark legislation. I don't think there's anything of its kind elsewhere in Europe. It will enable us to get tougher on the slave drivers, yet increasing the sentences.

Also, we will be introducing the slavery and trafficking prevention orders, which will be able to deal with those people who, perhaps, have been convicted, have come out of prison, to restrict their ability to get back into the same crime, to become a slave driver again, and introducing the Anti-Slavery Commissioner.

So, this bill will toughen our ability to deal with the slaver drivers, but in the spring, I'll also be publishing a modern slavery action plan, which will look at issues that aren't about legislation. And, of course, at the heart of all of this is the victims.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

ANDERSON: All right. Well, the law currently in draft form lays out tougher sentences for perpetrators, but it does fall short of ensuring legal protection for victims, and that's something I'm going to be speaking Frank Field about. He's a member of Parliament and author of a review into modern-day slavery. He's done an awful lot of work on this draft legislation.

You're going to hear, though, firsthand from a victim tonight, and we are calling her Sophie Hayes to protect her identity, her real identity. Sophie was forced into sex slavery by a man she thought loved her. She was lucky enough to escape her captivity, but he was never punished. Here's what Sophie told me back in September about her frustrations with the legal system.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

SOPHIE HAYES, HUMAN TRAFFICKING SURVIVOR: He was wanted, he was a known drug dealer and probably had a lot of other outstanding convictions. So, I thought, he's in prison, then I'm safer to a degree.

But he was never actually prosecuted, and at the time, I was still too scared to prosecute, and I didn't know what to do and was told just walk away, go and rebuild your life and just try and build yourself back again.

ANDERSON: Who told you that?

HAYES: That was actually from some of the police and -- that I dealt with in the human trafficking unit, and I think for them it was an unusual case because they'd never come across a British girl being trafficked out of the country.

ANDERSON: How do we stop the scourge? Because this is a big industry? And it's an industry that's also associated with drugs and arms, we know. These are three of the biggest industries in the world. How do we stop this happening?

HAYES: From one level, it needs to be global. We need to have a global community, particularly on a political level, that people recognize that this is an issue. That -- as we know, this is a crime that generates huge amounts of revenue, if not more than drugs and the arms trade, and yet, we don't have a political agenda. We don't have global legislation.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

ANDERSON: All right. Well, I want to talk more about Sophie's case and about what, at least in the UK, may happen next. Frank Field joins me now. We heard there from a victim of trafficking, told by the police to walk away. What are your thoughts on that?

FRANK FIELD, BRITISH MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT: Well, one is, in once sense, she was lucky because she could actually walk away. Sophie had a mother who was desperately trying to find her. So, two highly-intelligent people, and she still had to struggle to escape.

But she also commanded the language. One of the chains that binds slaves to their slave owners is, of course, they often don't speak English. So when we had -- we began our inquiry, six-week inquiry with victims of slavery, we ended.

And it was noticeable how when they did break free, you're running in the street, you're not properly clothed, you're shouting for help, and no one can actually understand you. Chances are, you're going to be picked up again by the slave owner. So those are huge problems.

ANDERSON: So, what does this draft legislation and, indeed, Theresa May alluding there to an action plan in the spring next year. What will be done to protect the victims, to offer them legal protection going forward?

FIELD: Well, I think two things in particular so that we become victim- focused. Lots of people argue unless we become victim-focused, the phrase being, we won't actually get the prosecutions and the successes.

ANDERSON: Sure.

FIELD: You only had to listen in our evidence sessions to five minutes of a victim to realize it's the moral case for actually helping the victims. Other things may actually stem from this, but it's quite clear, I've only experienced in my constituency families where someone's been murdered to see an equivalent effect on the person and the family.

So I think one is that they must know that the help is actually going to be offered throughout the country. It will be genuine help.

ANDERSON: Yes.

FIELD: But also, the Lord Chief Justice has said that the victims of slavery shouldn't be persecuted for crimes they've committed because they were slaves.

ANDERSON: Well, this was my next point. What about slaves who are forced into criminal activity?

FIELD: Well, the Lord Chief Justice, our senior judge, has said he doesn't want them prosecuted, and yet they are. There's a question coming up tomorrow, how many are actually in youth offender institutions who were growing cannabis because they were brought here from Vietnam. They're then charged with a criminal offense, and then they're thrown into jail.

So what I hope we will get -- it will be difficult to do -- but what the Lord Chief Justice says are instructions we're going to try and put into a clause to go into the bill --

ANDERSON: Yes.

FIELD: -- so that this bill will be the thing that everybody uses -- judges, the police, social workers -- everyone has got the handbook and there'll be no excuse for not knowing, because it will be in it.

ANDERSON: And Sophie talked about sort of global legislation. I hope that this will set a blueprint for other countries. Of course, we can only hope that, but certainly we can see some action happening here.

I guess the next and final question is simply this: will the new legislation address concerns about border control, how these traffickers smuggle people across the borders? And how can we ensure that this legislation will have teeth, that it will be enforceable and enforced?

FIELD: Well, they're going to have a commissioner to actually make sure the Home Secretary's wishes once the bill is through as an act, that it is enforced. But on the international scale, Sophie was right.

ANDERSON: Yes.

FIELD: And we're asking the prime minister to do things. One is to take - - and he's had a real interest in this bill. We have a Commonwealth, which the -- I think before I came was in South Africa. Since apartheid was abolished, we've not yet had moral crusade in the Commonwealth, so we ended up fighting one another. Might not this be the new crusade?

And the prime minister's part of the G8 group. Doesn't it -- shouldn't he take his bill there to say, come on, let's try and make this an even better bill and enforce it throughout the G8. I think in that sense, we'll not only start protecting and countering slavery in our own country, but we start to disrupt the supply chains --

ANDERSON: Yes.

FIELD: -- which also supply us with goods made by slaves.

ANDERSON: We get hideously offended by politicians in this country and abroad. I've got to say, this cross-party action, Frank, that you've been involved in is testament to your profession. And I think from everybody, we thank you for what's being done. Keep it up, though, because there's more to do.

FIELD: There's more to do soon after Christmas. You're dead right. Thanks.

ANDERSON: Thank you. There's much more about this story on our website, cnn.com/freedomproject. See what young people in Cambodia, for example, are doing to warn their peers against falling for traffickers.

And hear from the actress Mira Sorvino. She tours part of Cambodia with us here at CNN, and get her firsthand experience of the horrors of child exploitation. Just a couple of things you can find on the website, cnn.com/freedomproject.

Live from London, you're watching CONNECT THE WORLD. Still to come, heightened tensions along the Israel-Lebanese border after a deadly shooting.

And the fashions of the future. Two editors from "Vogue" help us sort out our wardrobes and spot the trends for 2014.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

ANDERSON: Officials on both sides of the Israeli-Lebanese border are investigating the first deadly shooting in the area in more than three years. An Israeli soldier killed by cross-border gunfire over the weekend. Let's get the very latest now from Karl Penhaul. He's following the story from Jerusalem for you this evening. Karl, what are the latest details as we know them?

KARL PENHAUL, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, the Israeli soldier was a sergeant staff major, a very high-ranking NCO. He was shot by what the Israeli military are telling us is a sniper from the Lebanese army.

There was also about three hours after that initial incident happened, another shooting incident in which Israeli soldiers fired on a couple of Lebanese soldiers just across on the other side of the border.

The good news, however, is that UN peacekeepers have been working throughout the day to try and deescalate the incident. They've called in both the Israeli military and the Lebanese military to try and get at the bottom of exactly what happened and put together some kind of mechanism to make sure it doesn't happen again, Becky.

ANDERSON: Karl, many political observers say that the real key to bringing peace to this whole corner of the Middle East is getting a deal between the Israelis and the Palestinians, of course. And there has been some movement, at least, towards that with Secretary of State John Kerry there only last week building bridges, not barriers.

PENHAUL: Well, absolutely. And the work of Secretary of State Kerry at the very least shows that he has a deep personal commitment to trying to get some kind of peace process on track. But the problem, of course, is that at the core of this conflict are a series of seemingly intractable and -- very complex core issues.

One of them, of course, is the so-called right of return for Palestinian refugees. But to understand what that complex political issue really means, I tried to take a look at it in much more human terms.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

PENHAUL (voice-over): The clank of a rusty key. Enough to send an old man's mind drifting home.

ABDEL MAJED ABU SROUR, PALESTINIAN REFUGEE (through translator): We had the best bread ever. You didn't even have to dip it in olive oil. There was wheat bread, we made it by hand.

PENHAUL: That was 65 years ago. He never tasted bread made with his father's wheat again. Abu Srour never saw his friends again, either, but still remembers their names.

ABU SROUR: Mohammed, Ali, Mahmoud, Ibrahim.

PENHAUL: It was October 1948 when Abu Srour says he fled his village of Bayt Nattif in fear of his life.

ABU SROUR (through translator): We fled in the middle of the night. People said the Jews were coming. Anybody who could carry their children or few possessions just ran away. I never saw the Jews. All I heard was shooting and bombing.

PENHAUL: In fighting between Arabs and Jews in the years immediately before and after Israel was created in 1948, the UN estimates more than 700,000 Palestinians were forced to flee their homes.

PENHAUL (on camera): There's not much left to see of what was Abu Srour's village. He told me how he and his family went up to the surrounding hills and watched while his own home was dynamited and destroyed.

PENHAUL (voice-over): His home may be gone, but he still treasures his front door key. He says he keeps it hidden, too precious to show me on our first meeting.

ABU SROUR (through translator): It never used to make sounds, it turned really easy. I just used to put some olive oil on it and it opened really smooth.

PENHAUL: At the entrance to Aida Refugee Camp, where Abu Srour has lived since soon after he was displaced, you can see how keys are the symbol of Palestinians' desire to return home. Antique seller Akram Warah was born in the camp. He says his father, like so many others, was forced out of his home near Jerusalem by Jewish militias.

AKRAM WARAH, PALESTINIAN ANTIQUE SELLER: They took their key, they locked their home in 1948, and they left their village.

PENHAUL: The UN recognized Palestinian refugees' so-called right of return, but Israel rejects the UN's resolutions that Palestinians have any automatic right to go back to areas that are now modern-day Israel. They say that issue must be part of a political deal.

And so, Abu Srour has no choice but to wait. At the end of the road, a huge wall built by the Israelis stops him traveling outside Palestinian territories into Israel proper, where his village used to be.

ABU SROUR (through translator): Sure, I remember the old days. The old guys come, and we talk and reminisce. But maybe my time will soon be up.

PENHAUL: Abu Srour knows he may never go home again, but he still cherishes the memory of the clank of the key in his door.

(KEY UNLOCKING DOOR)

(END VIDEOTAPE)

PENHAUL: Now, one of the other core issues at the heart of any peace process between the Palestinians and Israel is the issue of Israel's security. What really does that mean, and where does this insistence come from? Perhaps boiled down in human terms, what Israeli security means is simply having a safe place to live.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

PENHAUL (voice-over): Lest she ever forget.

ELIE SAGIR, GRANDDAUGHTER OF HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR: One-five-seven-six-two- two.

PENHAUL: A number that once replaced a name.

SAGIR: It was an inhuman act. They did it like cows. They felt like cows, like you go, this is your new name, a number.

PENHAUL: But Yosef Diament was a number that beat that beat the odds. He survived extermination camp at Auschwitz. His daughter Yona and granddaughter Elie tattooed themselves with the same death camp number the Nazis had branded on him.

SAGIR: To never forget, to never let it happen again. This is why I love Israel so much, because this is our place. If people forget the Holocaust, I think, it will be happening again.

PENHAUL: The sign of the Auschwitz gate read "Work will set you free." The Nazis gassed Diament's mother and three siblings.

YONA DIAMENT, DAUGHTER OF HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR: The children were destined to death. To burn. And she didn't want to leave them, so she went with them.

PENHAUL: She says her father escaped by hiding among other prisoners. Later, he dodged a firing squad by faking death. He came to the state of Israel as soon as it was declared in 1948.

SAGIR: He really survived. He really fought for living.

PENHAUL: Across Jerusalem, a year-end school play tells of other survivors. A group of Jewish children, transported to Auschwitz in winter 1944. Some Israelis say the lessons of the Holocaust are key to understanding the identity of Israel.

ODED WERTHEIMER, STUDENT ACTOR: Israel is not just some place that Jews go to after the Holocaust because of the horrors. Israel is what it is even without the Holocaust. But it would have been a different Israel.

PENHAUL: Elie knows that to make peace, both Israelis and Palestinians must compromise, but she says the existence of Israel and its security is not up for negotiation.

SAGIR: The Jews have literally a dot in the map. At least you can see it. It's so small, it's so -- this is the only place is ours. This is why we are fighting, and I think we will fight forever.

PENHAUL: Her grandfather died three years ago at age 85. He'd come from the hell of Auschwitz to his promised land.

SAGIR: The number is written on his grave. He asked.

(SAGIR READS NUMBER IN HEBREW)

(END VIDEOTAPE)

PENHAUL: I think when you hear those very personal stories, it's quite clear that people must be at the center of any peace process. It's easy also to understand that in this corner of the world, at least, politics is not just a matter of the head, but very much a matter of the heart. Becky?

ANDERSON: Absolutely. Karl Penhaul in Jerusalem for you this evening. Super stuff, Karl, thank you very much indeed.

Coming up after this short break on CNN, we gaze into the future of fashion with help from two editors of the world's most famous style magazine.

And he left his mark on Hollywood, and now they say goodbye. We remember Peter O'Toole's acting career. That after this.

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ANDERSON: Well, it is, apparently, all change on the fashion front next year. New creative directors are taking control at some top fashion houses. So, what we will be wearing in 2014? Well, advice for you now from two "Vogue" editors, and don't say I don't look after you.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

ALEXANDRA SHULMAN, EDITOR, BRITISH "VOGUE": I'm Alexandra Shulman, editor of British "Vogue."

ANNA DELLO RUSSO, EDITOR-AT-LARGE, "VOGUE" JAPAN: I'm Anna Dello Russo, I'm a fashion director and creative consultant at the Japanese "Vogue."

SHULMAN: If you edit "Vogue," "Vogue's" got such authority that one of the things that people want is a kind of take from us. One of the big changes is in the enormous growth of interest in fashion. The amount of information that's out there has massively increased.

But as well as that, I think the general public are much more fashion- literate. They're interested in it and they understand it and they know the brands' names. And fashion has become much more a part of more people's daily existence.

DELLO RUSSO: If you're going to work in this world, you have to be really obsessed by your job. And I'm totally obsessed by fashion. It's an incredible, never-ending job, and not predictable. That's for me the best. You can not get bored in fashion.

SHULMAN: There was the kind of quite big shift towards women's wear, the idea of a quite, sort of strident and sort of vocal woman. She's quite colorful, the prints are quite loud, there was a lot of print. The graphics were quite substantial. So, I think it's a more kind of confident showing overall.

DELLO RUSSO: Big trend of 2014 are artsy, the influential pop art in fashion with more color, prints, strong prints, graphic.

SHULMAN: Big kind of slogans everywhere, a lot of typography and letters and tribal kind of flashes and orbs of print and color. For a magazine, it's wonderful, because it's very, very visual.

DELLO RUSSO: Another one is the darkness. Dark and black. It's not black, but dark but simple black dress, no. It's black with many decorations on top. The black has to be unusual.

Next season will be very interesting for us because it's all about new fashion directors.

SHULMAN: The product will only be as good as the people that you've got. Competition to get the really good people is immense.

DELLO RUSSO: They can really change, like upside-down a brand. That's what I'll be very interested in. Now is time to give the crown to the young people.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ANDRSON: Your style tips for 2014. Now, in tonight's Parting Shots, we want to bid our very own farewell to legendary actor Peter O'Toole. He passed away, as you'll be well aware, peacefully in hospital on Saturday at the age of 81. He was known as -- to many simply as Lawrence of Arabia after he played the title role in the 1962 movie that boosted him into stardom.

In one of his roles, Peter O'Toole spoke what might be the most memorable line of his career. "I'm not an actor," he said. "I'm a movie star."

Well, O'Toole appeared in almost 100 movie and TV roles, receiving an honorary Oscar in 2003. I think he had eight nominations, but it was -- that was the only actual Oscar. Eight too few, I'd say.

I'm Becky Anderson and that was CONNECT THE WORLD. Thank you for watching.

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