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Unfinished Rooms Greet Guests In Sochi; Facebook Turns 10; Rescue Efforts Continue At Site Of Mount Sinabung Eruption; U.S. Northeast Brace For More Winter Weather; Growing Food Underground
Aired February 4, 2014 - 8:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.
Now days ahead of the Winter Games in Sochi, we take a closer look at the threat posed by Russia's black widows.
Now rescue efforts are continuing around Indonesia's Mount Sinabung after at least 15 people were killed by the erupting volcano.
And on Facebook's 10th birthday, we'll look at what's next for the world's biggest social media site.
Now athletes are streaming into Sochi as the city gets ready to kick off the Winter Games in just three days time.
Now the Russian President Vladimir Putin is also there to attend several IOC events. Now he has staked his reputation on the games and is keen to see them go off without a hitch.
But there are concerns that the city may not be quite ready with a rush to get some hotel rooms open for business and security concerns still loom large.
Now militants from the volatile Northern Caucuses region have threatened the games. And our senior international correspondent Nick Paton Walsh has uncovered a disturbing new trend among the so-called Black Widows. He joins us now live from Sochi.
And Nick, what are the security preparations in light of recent threats there?
NICK PATON WALSH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, in fact in the last 20 minutes or so we saw a new level of security here, three helicopters circling the Olympic venue. Now that may be some sort of an indication that Vladimir Putin, who arrived in the last few hours is heading towards the sort of center of the ring of steel around these games.
But at the heart of the threat we've been hearing are the suggestion that perhaps suicide bombers have focused their sights on Sochi and behind those women often is a new radicalized ideology.
WALSH: Medina Alyeva (ph) wanted to die the way both of her husbands had: in jihad.
"This is jihad. It's the highest thing in the world," she said in this address before she died, "who fulfilled promises better than Allah. So many men are just talk and spend their time in cinemas or playing video games."
Medina (ph) blew herself up in May last year near the police headquarters in Dagestan with over a dozen injured, ending her embrace of radicalism.
Both her husbands were killed by special forces in sieges like this, the first when she was just 21.
This similar siege her second husband and several other militants were also shot dead. Here she is, filmed by police coming out of the house.
Medina (ph), experts worry, is part of a new kind of so-called Black Widow female suicide bomber in Russia who don't, like in the past, decide to die out of grief and vengeance for a loved one.
Instead, these women in the past few years married jihadis and seek martyrdom on their own, these women in the past few years married jihadis and seek martyrdom on their own as it seems fashionable.
KATYA SOKIRIANSKAYA, INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP: It is a trend also. They have their own slang. These young women, they oftentimes want to die because they want to die. I have seen these women after their husband had been just killed or there were funerals and they don't mourn them. They congratulate each other.
WALSH: Medina's (ph) mother Patoum (ph) in her first interview with Medina's (ph) sister and orphan by her side says police had ordered her daughter to see a psychologist and three days before she died Medina (ph) vanished.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): She's probably in heaven. I saw her in my sleep. She was there with my grandparents. They were all together in beautiful white clothes smiling. She told me how great it was there.
WALSH: Medina's (ph) son thinks mom is coming home.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): He's always picking up photos of her saying mother is coming soon.
WALSH: But she isn't.
And, with police putting up these wanted posters we saw across the region. It's clear they think Medina (ph) is not alone in seeking a nihilistic end to her life that takes many others with her.
WALSH: Now Moscow has made it clear they believe the games will be safe. Barack Obama has said he thinks it'll be safe for Americans to come here, but still that threat, that security issue hangs over these games simply because of the fact they're at the western edge southern Russia, a region volatile for decades.
Today, another example Austrian press agency saying that there has been a letter received, which perhaps originated from Russia that threatens two Austrian athletes with kidnap if they come here.
Now that has, in some reports, been suggested as being a hoax. Still few details available. But really these -- these letters, these indications are doing nothing to lower anxiety levels around here, although I have to say this is a calm area behind me, apart from these helicopters circling, a calm area behind me that seems to be getting ready for the games ahead -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yeah, yeah. And regards to that Austrian security threat, hoax or not, very worrying development. And in the face of all these threats, Nick, I mean just how prepared is Russia to truly secure and safeguard these games?
WALSH: This has been a year's long operation for the Russians. They've been pressing on various militant hotspots across southern Russia for a long time, since they knew this was coming using all resources at their disposal, many of them heavy-handed -- blunt instruments.
But the finer point has been the ring of steel they put around here, a lot of that high tech. There are two blimps, they're known as, security camera devices held up by hot air balloons, cameras everywhere, but above all 37,000 Russian police and security officers coming here to secure the games.
That, in many ways, is the big card Moscow is playing, the sheer manpower resources they're throwing at this. But of course one problem with Russian police as many Russians know is their corruption, their ineptitude. So they could be holes for people to slip through. But I think most people believe the games themselves here, the area around them, will be secure. This will probably pass without incident. It's just that can't be said for all of southern Russia, particularly Dagestan of the far east of where I'm standing where, as I say, violence is a weekly occurrence as militants target police officers or those they consider loyal to the Russian federal government -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: Nick Paton Walsh reporting live from Sochi. Thank you, Nick.
Now a number of hotels in Sochi are still putting the finishing touches on the rooms even as the guests arrive. Now CNN's Amanda Davies and her crew arrived at their accommodations only to find that their rooms were not ready.
AMANDA DAVIES, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: So with all the stories doing around about hotels in Sochi not being finished we now get to experience it firsthand. We've just landed from Moscow about an hour ago now. We arrived at our Hotel, the Amiga (inaudible) Hotel where lots of media representatives are staying. And we've been told our rooms aren't ready. The actual phrase that's been used is that we are waiting for our rooms to be ready.
While we've been sitting here for the last hour or so, there's been representatives of other media who have been going up to the desk saying that their rooms haven't been clean for a week and the radiators aren't working, there's no lou paper.
I had a wander around outside. There's still plants being put in place in some places. There's one building you can hear the banging and construction still going on.
We might be being a little bit unfair, I have to say. We haven't seen any evidence, but equally we haven't seen any rooms yet. So, an hour and counting.
OK, so we've been here just over an hour-and-a-half. We've got one room, which we went to see. And to be fair it was quite decent. It was very new, the carpet obviously had just been laid. There were a few cables and wires hanging out. But there's three of us in our crew and crews need to stick together. The other two rooms weren't going to be ready today.
So we've checked in to another hotel down the road, which has been ready. A big chain hotel has been ready for awhile.
And we're going to come back hopefully with better luck tomorrow.
LU STOUT: All right, good luck there.
Now Amanda Davies' producer Harry Reiki (ph), he posted this photo on his Twitter account a little bit earlier. Now this is the one room that they were given as you can by the collapsed curtain railing it looks like there are still a few issues to be sorted out.
Now the International Olympic Committee has urged organizers to get their act together and make sure that all accommodations are ready for the guests.
Now meanwhile in Indonesia, our rescuers have resumed their search and recovery efforts. They are looking for the victims of a deadly volacno. At least 15 people were killed when hot ash raced down the slopes of Mount Sinabung covering a nearby village.
Saima Mohsin reports.
SAIMA MOHSIN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPNDENT: Search and rescue teams are patrolling the three mile radius around Mount Sinabung searching for any survivors or people who might have come back to dangerous exclusion zone. We're right on the outskirts of it. This whole village completely deserted, a ghost village. It's eerily quiet and absolutely everywhere there is ash all over everything.
Take a look at this, there's a crop of tomatoes here completely caked in the ash. And everywhere, when a breeze blows or there's a gust of wind it lists up. I can taste the ash in my mouth. I can feel it all over my skin.
This group of houses completely collapsed under the weight of the ash when it fell. And if you take a look at it, it's incredibly thick, really dense on top of this structure.
30,000 people have forced to flee their homes. It's not know when they'll be able to come back because this volcano is still active.
With 129 active volcanoes across Indonesia, the Indonesian people and government have had to learn to cope with and prepare for disasters like this. The National Disaster Mitigation Authority has now added 19 more volcanoes up the threat level from normal to alert. Add that to three others last year on high alert and this, Mount Sinabung, an active volcano on the highest threat level of all under dangerous.
Saima Mohsin, CNN, Mount Sinabung, Indonesia.
LU STOUT: Now the latest trial of former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy has been postponed again. Now according to the state owned Nile TV, the case will resume on Wednesday.
The ousted leader and 14 others are accused of inciting murder in the deaths of opposition protesters in 2012. In all, Morsy is facing four separate trials.
He and his Muslim Brotherhood supporters have called the charges a shame.
Now this is News Stream and there's plenty more coming up this hour. We get an update on the fierce winter weather sweeping across the U.S. yet again. It's affecting millions of residents and it's disrupting thousands of flights.
And more on Philip Seymour Hoffman's final hours. Authorities are trying to find out where the actor bought the drugs that apparently killed him.
And it has amassed millions of friends during its decade online. And now Facebook turns 10-years-old. Well find out Mark Zuckerberg's code to success for the social network. Stick around.
LU STOUT: Now Broadway has announced plans to honor the celebrated actor Philip Seymour Hoffman. Now the theaters will dim their lights on Wednesday in tribute.
Now Hoffman was found dead inside his New York apartment on Sunday from a suspected heroin overdose. And authorities are still piecing together his final hours.
Now law enforcement sources say that they are trying to find out where Hoffman bought the drugs and if anyone was with him when he died.
Now the medical examiner's office tells that Hoffman's autopsy is still ongoing. It has not released any results yet.
Now the actor's death is already focusing attention on what authorities say is an alarming trend when it comes to drug use in the U.S. Brian Todd has more on that.
BRIAN TODD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: There were close to 50 envelopes in his apartment believed to contain heroin, according to law enforcement sources, along with more than 20 syringes. If he did overdose on heroin, Philip Seymour Hoffman's final hours reflect what U.S. officials say is a menacing tide.
JAMES CAPRA, U.S. DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION: We have an explosion in heroin use in this country.
TODD: In a 2002 survey, according to the government 166,000 Americans said they've used heroin in the past month. Now...
ADMIRAL PETER DELANY, SUBSTANCE ABUSE & MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE ADMIN: About 333,000 people are using it every month.
TODD: Heroin overdose deaths in the U.S. went up 45 percent between 2006 and 2010 according to the CDC.
One big reason for the rise in use? The nationwide crackdown on prescription pill abuse. Those drugs are now harder to get and more expensive than heroin.
CAPRA: On the street, if it's going to cost you $80 to get a pill, some opiate type of pharmaceutical drug, versus $10 for a bag of heroin, that's what we see.
TODD: The highs from prescription drugs and heroin can be similar.
DELANY: It has a similar long-term effect of mellowing people out and of kind of numbing them.
TODD: Though heroin tends to give people that high in a quicker rush.
DEA officials and other experts say going from prescription drugs to heroin is especially dangerous, because unlike prescription drugs, heroin doses are very inconsistent and can sometimes be laced with deadly additives.
Last month, at least 22 people in western Pennsylvania died after using heroin that had been mixed with fentanyl, a narcotic sometimes used to treat pain in cancer patients.
This young man named Andrew was almost one of them.
ANDREW, RECOVERING HEROIN ADDICT: I just finished doing, you know, the heroin, and I walked into the bathroom and I just woke up on the ground.
TODD: Experts say fentanyl is mixed with heroin to enhance the high. It only takes a small amount of fentanyl to get you hooked or to kill.
CAPRA: It's done in terms of micro-grams. It's so tiny.
TODD: And if you mix any of that with heroin, what happens?
CAPRA: It's hard to dilute it, so the heroin-user has no idea what they're getting, and they put that into their arm, laced with fentanyl and it's a deadly, it's what we call hot-shots.
TODD: The DEA's James Capra says police are telling them that it's not untypical to see a user whose injected fentanyl with heroin dead with the needle still in their arm. It can kill you that quickly.
Brian Todd, CNN, Washington.
LU STOUT: Now just ahead, it looks like the U.S. is in store for another major winter storm. The northeast is bracing for more snow and more ice and more travel delays.
LU STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong, you're back watching News Stream. And this is a visual version of all the stories we've got in the show today.
Now we started with the countdown to the winter games in Sochi. And now to another winter landscape. But millions of people in the U.S. are probably sick of the sight of snow. Once again, the Midwest and the northeast are getting socked.
Now in New York City the mayor says it is coming down faster than the city can plow it.
Our Chad Myers is there. He joins me now live. And Chad, I read it's up to 10 inches of snow in some areas. What does it look like where you are?
CHAD MYERS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We had about six-and-a-half as of 6:00 last night. It snowed some more. And so now we're up to eight. And that eight inches would also have been right at the stadium that the Super Bowl was played the day before exactly 24 hours later there was eight inches of snow on the field that they would have had to shovel off or play in or whatever. So it would have been a snow bowl.
This is only the first storm, though, of two more to come.
MYERS (voice-over): Millions along the east coast this morning are digging out of Monday's record breaking snowstorm.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Snow is coming down faster than we can plow it.
MYERS: The winter storm transforming New York's Central Park into a winter wonderland in just hours setting a new daily record of 8 inches.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think I'm ready for the summer.
MYERS: For thousands of travelers heading home from Sunday Super Bowl, the airports were anything, but a wonderland and more than 2,000 flights canceled on Monday due to the storm.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We are trying to Chicago, our flights a couple hours delayed. We're just hoping it will actually take off.
MYERS: Parts of New Jersey pummeled with 9 inches forcing Governor Christie to issue a state of emergency, some blaming the Super Bowl for the inability to battle the snow.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The local municipalities and the counties have been struggling to get it.
MYERS: The new winter storm will pack a one-two punch tonight and into Wednesday with heavy snow and ice forecast in more than two dozens states. Kansas City bracing for 10 inches of snow.
MARK THIEL, ASST. PUBLIC WORKS DIRECTOR, LAWRENCE, KANSAS: We're expecting this event to be pretty traumatic in terms of the amount of snowfall during rush hour in the morning and then again during rush hour later in the evening.
MYERS: So here is the deal: we get more snow tonight, probably four to six inches, then it changes over to sleet and freezing rain by morning. People are already canceling plans for tomorrow and tomorrow is number two, there's more to come after that -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: Oh, that's just incredible.
You know, international viewers, international travelers are watching the situation with a lot of interest as well. Give us the travel advisory. I mean, how many flights have been canceled so far?
MYERS: Canceled, 2,000 flights yesterday. Now you think about that at about 120 people per plane, do the multiplication, you have a lot of people that didn't get to where they wanted to be, almost a quarter of a million seats that didn't fly yesterday, 500 planes have already been canceled today mainly out of Chicago because of the storm is going to be there, but 500 times 100 people all of a sudden you have -- I mean, you are talking about major disruptions here.
But the big problem is going to be it's what called the nor'easter. The low pressure that comes out of the west is going to combine with the relatively warm air that's in the Atlantic Ocean about 45 degrees. That is going to bomb a storm, that's going to make almost hurricane force winds and still will make very heavy snow, as much as a meter of snow in some of the big cities across the northeast with winds of 60. That happens on Monday.
I don't believe there will be any travel in or out of the northeast, and that's where most international planes come, whether you're Boston, New York, Philadelphia, all those international airports I believe will be almost shut down on Monday because of that big storm that's coming, Kristie.
LU STOUT: Thank you very much indeed for that warning.
Chad Myers across all the icy conditions, the latest on that as well as the science behind this epic snow storm. Chad, thank you.
Now let's get more now on this huge snow storm across the U.S. My colleague Mari Ramos joins me from the World Weather Center with that -- Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: That's quite a warning from Chad there. I mean, my eyes were like this big listening to him. That's for next Monday. We still have to get through the storms that are happening right now. And great reporting there from Chad.
When you look at what's coming up next, this is what we can expect over the next couple of days. So today is, what, Tuesday here so this is for Wednesday in particular. Becuase of snow, as you saw from Chad's live shot, it stopped snowing right now in New York City. So that's a little bit of good news there.
But an additional 11 centimeters expected. Upstate New York could have even more than that. Boston could have 28 centimeters of snow. And even though today the cancellations are about 500, 600 cancellations compared to the 2,000 yesterday, today is a better flying day in a way across the northeast. That's going to change again as we head to tomorrow. And then as we heard from Chad as we head into the beginning of next week.
Now, as far as the states right now that have those winter storm advisories or warnings or any kind of winter weather related problems, if you look over here it stretches anywhere from the northeast all the way back over there toward even areas to the west and as far south as Texas. So that's about 32 states that have some sort of an advisory or warning. So this is pretty widespread.
Areas being impacted right now -- and most of the cancellations that we've seen today are actually up in the Chicago area. But also affecting areas of the Midwest and this is why. You can see the storm system beginning to come in right in through here and this is the one that will continue moving in to the northeast as we head through the day tomorrow.
So, let's head to the other side of the Atlantic, you know, again here we have yet another storm system coming through. Not a lot of snow, but definitely a lot of wind and a lot of rain for the UK and Ireland and western parts of France, even Portugal and Spain getting in on the action with very high waves over the weekend. Remember that. And even yesterday.
Temperatures are relatively mild on this side, but relatively colder as we head farther to the east, but not as cold, though, as they had been before. So a lot of you that were getting snow are going to get rain this time around if we get to see a little bit more of this moisture make its way across into eastern parts of Europe here.
And you can see more rain across Italy, the swollen rivers across Tuscany and as we head down even into Rome, the Tiber very high again today because of all of the rain that happened over the last couple of days will be continuing to drain down from the mountains there.
And then back over here, this is our next weather system coming in across the west. Unfortunately that one will bring us more rain to already waterlogged areas and very dangerous waves, more coastal flooding expected. And that rain could be heavy at times for you guys in France, Portugal, Spain, the UK and even into Ireland. More snow across the Alpine region.
And look at this picture, this is from Sochi. We've been talking quite a bit, of course, as we head into the Olympic Games. Not a lot of snow. Temperatures have actually been again slightly above the average for this time of year. Over the next couple of days sunny skies expected. And partly cloudy as we head into Friday, but nothing in the way of significant precipitation.
So, I guess good travel days for people that are headed that way.
Average high this time of year is 10, the average low is 3. And they usually get about 135 millimeters of either rain or snow, depending on where you are and usually snow it's only about six days that they get snow during the month of February. The number of days with snow on the ground is about four. Of course that changes as we head into some of those highest elevations.
And last but not least, very heavy snowfall in Iran, some of the heaviest that they've seen in quite a long time, almost 90 centimeters of snow.
Back to you, Kristie.
LU STOUT: Yeah, heavy snowfall in Iran, but as for Sochi not quite looking like the winter wonderland just yet. Fingers crossed for the athletes.
Mari Ramos there. Thank you.
Now you are watching News Stream. And up next, Facebook has come a long way since its start in a Harvard dorm room. As the social network celebrates a decade, we ask what the next 10 years will bring.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The technology sees around corners, over hills and through other vehicles.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Incredible technology that could save thousands of lives.
LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.
Now Russian President Vladimir Putin is in Sochi as the Black Sea city prepares for the opening of the Winter Olympics on Friday. And Mr. Putin is attending IOC events, but as athletes also begin to arrive organizers are facing criticism over a number of hotel rooms that are not yet ready for visitors and some journalists.
Now investors are waiting for the opening of the U.S. markets after selloffs around the world. And here is how the main indexes in Europe are doing. Meanwhile in Asia, Japan's NIKKEI lead the losses, closing down more than 4 percent off concerns about U.S. growth and stimulus plus the strength of emerging markets have all contributed to the falls.
Now search and recovery teams in Indonesia have been looking for victims after Saturday's eruption of Mount Sinabung volcano. 15 people are known dead after the vocano spewed scalding ash engulfing a nearby village. About 30,000 people have been evacuated from the area.
The World Health Organization says that there were 14 million new cancer cases in 2012. And within two decades that number is set to soar to 22 million. Developing countries are expected to see the biggest increases.
Now if you are like a lot of people, you've probably used Facebook at some point today, but 10 years ago only students at Harvard University could use The Facebook. It all started in founder Mark Zuckerberg's dorm room on February 4, 2004. And he posted this note on Facebook of course to mark his company's 10 year anniversary.
And reflecting on Facebook's success, he said this, quote, "we just cared more about connecting the world than anyone else and we still do today."
Now Facebook counts more than 1.2 billion monthly active users. And according to Alexa (ph) is the second most popular website in the world just after Google.
Now earlier I spoke to David Kirkpatrick, he's the author "The Facebook Effect." He calls his book the only journalistic history of the company. And he gained privileged access to write it.
I asked him to explain Zuckerberg's role in Facebook's success.
DAVID KIRKPATRICK, AUTHOR: Well, you know, there are so few leaders in business that are true visionaries. I think in technology we can name Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, maybe Larry Ellison, Andy Grove, one or two others. Zuckerberg belongs in that group. He is an extraordinary long-term thinker. And I really believe that's one of the reasons Facebook has done so well. He continues to make really long-term bet.
LU STOUT: You also point out that even though Facebook is a social media company, it is at heart a tech company. How has that been a factor for its success?
KIRKPATRICK: Well, if you look back at the early days, you know, there were earlier social networks that were quite sizable when Facebook came along. There was MySpace and Friendster in particular. Both of them got very large and essentially collapsed under their own weight because they just couldn't manage their own tech, because they basically thought of themselves as cool places for people to hook up, you know.
But unfortunately that led to their demise.
Zuckerberg, on the other hand, an engineer, a guy who always thought about the programming side of things and product development looked at Facebook from the beginning as a constantly improving technology product. That allowed it to grow with much more seamless functionality and to really beat everybody else.
LU STOUT: You know, there's Mark Zuckerberg, but there's also Cheryl Sandberg. How key has she been to the kind of performance we've seen from Facebook?
KIRKPATRICK: Well, Cheryl Sandberg is an astonishingly important person in the history of Facebook.
You know, she came in in the spring of 2008 when they really didn't even know what business they were in. In my book "The Facebook Effect," I describe that for the first months she was there all she did was have meetings that were titled "what business are we in?" They kept asking themselves this question over and over again. And they figured out it was advertising. She set about to implement that strategy. Here we are a few years later the company is 1.23 billion people around the world dominating increasingly in mobile advertising, just had a quarter last week that was incredibly positive. Stock is skyrocketing. She gets a lot of the credit.
Zuckerberg is the tech visionary, she is the business visionary.
LU STOUT: Now I have to ask you about privacy. How has Facebook handled privacy the last 10 years?
KIRKPATRICK: Well, over the last 10 years you know you might say Facebook has handled privacy intermittently well. I think actually they've made a lot of mistakes in the way they've changed their service unexpectedly and communicated it poorly to their users. But one thing many people forget is that Facebook was fundamentally founded on an idea of privacy in a way that no internet company had ever done before.
Before Facebook came along, all you used on the Internet was your handle. You would never put your email address or your cellphone number online. Facebook gave people the confidence that they could do things like that, because it gave them control over who saw their data. That is the fundamental form of privacy that Facebook offers you, who you have as your friends, because your friends see everything about you.
But I don't think Facebook has explained that properly. I think even though their heritage is one of privacy, they've often strayed away from that in their effort to try to get more page views, to turn themselves commercial in ways that sometimes were a little clumsy. But, you know, that was before Sandberg arrived by the way.
But anyway, I think, you know, we're going to continue to see this being a fraught topic for Facebook despite Zuckerberg's commitment that he is building a service that honors privacy, because there is so much personal information there, it makes us all nervous.
LU STOUT: Now you met Mark Zuckerberg for the first time back in 2006. And you've said in that meeting you got a sense, and he was just in his early to mid-20s at the time, that he was a leader.
How did you get that sense? What is it that he said? What did he do?
KIRKPATRICK: It was funny. I was sitting at a restaurant in midtown Manhattan. This is September 2006 when Facebook was two-and-a-half years old and Zuckerberg was 22. And he walked in. And I said to myself, oh, I'm wasting my time, this guy is so young. He's like a baby. Why am I bothering?
You know, I had just done it because a PR person suggested it and I thought, oh, Facebook is kind of cool. But then he opened his mouth and I started listening to the things he said. And they were so extraordinarily big picture -- like I said earlier, long-term visionary, confident. I realized I had seldom heard anyone with such a big picture, positive long- term view about what he was engaged in and it made me confident that he was going to have an extraordinary success. I started covering Facebook very closely forever after. And it led to me writing a book a year-and-a-half later and the rest is history. Zuckerberg has proven to be as extraordinary as I thought he might be.
LU STOUT: Love that Zuckerberg flashback there. And that was David Kirkpatrick speaking to me earlier.
Now Zuckerberg has not been shy about his ambitions for Facebook. He wants it to be your interface for the rest of the internet.
And CNN's Laurie Segall joins us live from Facebook headquarters in Menlo Park, California. And Laurie, we've talked about the last 10 years, let's look at the future, what's next for Facebook?
LAURIE SEGALL, CNN MONEY CORRESPONDENT: This is a big birthday for Facebook. And it's so interesting, Kristie, you hear David Kirkpatrick talk about how young Mark Zuckerberg was. I actually -- I spoke to Chris Cox who is at Facebook for the last eight years and everybody was so young back in the day, which makes 10 years later that just makes this a huge landmark.
And what Chris Cox said, and he's the head of product at Facebook, he's really a visionary behind what we see and what we will see in the future. He gave me a bit of a look at the rocky history and some of those moments that kind of came to define Facebook and also what we can look for in the next 10 years. Check it out.
CHRIS COX, VICE PRESIDENT OF PRODUCT, FACEBOOK: And the big question was, is this something that could work outside of college? And everybody said no, it's probably not going to work outside of college.
LAURIE SEGALL, CNN MONEY TECHNOLOGY REPORTER: In honor of Facebook's ten- year anniversary, we decided to take a walk down memory lane. Do you have some of those stories where you thought, my God, I believe we got through that?
COX: I mean, the news feed launch was pretty crazy. I spent, with a bunch of people, we worked really hard on making news feed. It took us almost a year to build. And we were pretty naive around how it would be received. Obviously, people were like, this is a lot of change. And there was like a protest organizing outside, so we had to, like, go out the back entrance.
SEGALL: You had to go out the back?
COX: Yes. And it was just one of those things I look back on right now and it's hard to believe.
MEREDITH CHIN, FACEBOOK: Since then, there have been a lot of landmarks that are hard to believe. Six billion likes per day, 7.8 trillion messages sent using Facebook, and 1.2 billion monthly active users.
It's a far cry from their early days. There were no chairs, no tables. They had to find like a bean bag chair. The kid interviewing me who is now a good friend, but he had bare feet. I was like what am I getting myself into?
SEGALL: Over the past ten years, Facebook moved from this small office, to here and here and now to this sprawling campus here in Menlo Park.
When we talk about the future of Facebook, the word we keep hearing is mobile. When did you guys know mobile is going to be big and what is the future look like when it comes to mobile and Facebook?
COX: It really happen a couple of years ago. We sort of instituted all of these rules in the company, like whenever we show our product to each other, we need to start with mobile version.
SEGALL: But the future of Facebook may look different. Alongside the traditional lap on your phone, you might start seeing a variety of apps created by the company.
COX: We already have Facebook. We have Instagram messenger. We just announced paper, which is a more immersive way at looking at your news feed.
SEGALL: Paper, Facebook's latest app, straight to your news feed based on your interest. But a challenge for the company will be continuing to grow at such a rapid pace. They are starting to saturate the internet-connected world.
COX: When you just look out over the next three years, there's going to be a lot more people with their first computer and first phone and their first access to the internet. And one of the things that we're really excited about is making the access to the internet in general a lot more affordable.
SEGALL: It will be a challenge and not Facebook's only challenge. The company now competes with ample of apps like Snapchat and Twitter.
What do you look forward to for the company?
CHIN: I think it's the next billion.
SEGALL: And Kristie, you know, getting to that next billion that a whole other question because they've got to get people access to the Internet. They already have over a billion people using this service.
Now I also spoke to Chris about the idea of artificial intelligence, because there's a group at Facebook -- now he didn't give me too many details, but there's a small group at Facebook working on the idea of artificial intelligence. A lot of big companies like Google investing in this. And how to you make your service even smarter? How do you learn what we're doing and learn it even better -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: So artificial intelligence and stand alone apps, two big shifts in Facebook to come in the next 10 years.
Laurie Segall joining us live from Facebook headquarters in Menlo Park, California, thank you.
Now Facebook and other big tech firms they are shedding light on the secret data requests they receive from the U.S. government on national security matters. But the companies are permitted only to release ranges rather than precise numbers.
Now Yahoo received requests for information for more than 30,000 accounts. That was the most. LinkedIn received the fewest with requests targeted less than 250 accounts. But they can't discuss details of the requests or the identities of the users involved.
Now the NSA is often said to only collect metadata from users. But let me just explain what metadata means. Now here is a fake email that we've created for this example. Now metadata is the contextual information around this email, but not the message body itself. So in this fictional example, reading metadata means you only be able to see this information here, not the actual email itself.
But it's worth pointing out that this, it's still a lot of information, you can see who someone is communicating with and the subject line can also reveal what is being discussed.
Now in the United States car crashes kill tens of thousands of people each and every year, but what if your car could help you avoid potential dangers on the road? Rene Marsh reports on a new technology that could save lives.
RENE MARSH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It's the vehicle of the future -- cars that talk to the driver and each other.
The federal government wants it on the road soon, pushing for technology that would warn drivers of danger coming from any direction.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Coming along, the light is green, everything looks -- and all of a sudden we get that warning that says, you know, look out.
MARSH: It's called vehicle-to-vehicle technology. Cars would send wireless messages to each other within about a 300 yard radius communicating information like speed, direction and GPS position ten times per second.
ANTHONY FOXX, U.S. TRANSPORTATION SECRETARY: When cars share this information, they can account for all the vehicles around them, which means they're able to identify possible crashes.
MARSH: The technology sees around corners, over hills and through other vehicles. So let's just say five cars ahead of me the driver slams on the breaks, well that car sends my car a message giving me enough time to react.
33,000 Americans are killed and 2.3 million injured in car crashes every year. The Department of Transportation predicts talking cars could prevent up to 80 percent of crashes involving sober drivers.
Five major car companies have been working with DOT on developing and testing the technology. 3,000 cars in Ann Arbor, Michigan are already using it as part of a government pilot test.
Some time after 2016, the federal government hopes your car will be able to communicate with you.
Well, the DOT hopes to propose the rule by 2016, but it will still need the public to weigh in before anything is finalized. The bottom line is it's a lengthy process to get something like this mandated.
Now as for privacy, the government says that data sent between cars does not record personal information. So your privacy should not be compromised.
Rene Marsh, CNN, Washington.
LU STOUT: Up next here on News Stream, just what is going on in London's Underground? It is not deep, dark and deserted. Now I'll tell you why business is thriving in these tunnels.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
Now Edith Cooper says it took drive and tenacity to rise up the ranks at Goldman Sachs. In this week's Leading Woman talks about the unique challenges of her position with our Poppy Harlow. And she gives insight into how the firm weathered the global financial crisis.
POPPY HARLOW, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Edith Cooper is one of the top ranking women at investment banking firm Goldman Sachs.
EDITH COOPER, GOLDMAN SACHS: Just want to make sure we're connecting all of those dots. If you had asked me 30 years ago would I be on the managing committee at Goldman Sachs and be the influencer of our success of our people, oh no way.
I think that, you know, I've come to expect the unexpected.
HARLOW: As Goldman's head of human capital management, Cooper isn't just one of the top women, she's one of the top executives in the 30,000 member firm.
COOPER: When asked the question at an event earlier do you want to be a CEO, of course, of course. You know, I'm young.
My career path is not necessarily a clear straight line.
HARLOW: She's one of just four women on Goldman's 29 member executive committee.
Does that number need to go up?
COOPER: Of course it does. I believe that we can't be the great firm that we need to be to be relevant to our clients if we don't have diversity at every level.
HARLOW: You are a rare woman in this position and even more rare because you're African-American.
COOPER: At times, it's been difficult. It is different for me as an African-American woman than it would be for a white male. I mean, that's just a fact. There's difficulty with respect to the subconscious bias that exists in life.
HARLOW: It was a move to London, Cooper says, that was critical for her rise at the firm.
COOPER: I think in today's economy, operating outside of your comfort zone is really, really important.
When I arrived in Europe, I realized it wasn't the difference of being, you know, African-American it was the difference of being an American, an American. And the tools that I used to lead and to manage in the United States really were not as effective operating with people from all over the world. It was quite an extraordinary experience.
HARLOW: But Cooper returned to New York with one of her greatest challenges ahead during the most recent financial crisis.
COOPER: Reputationally, Goldman Sachs was really targeted as a company that was at the center of gravity, a lot of the difficulties that existed in the financial markets.
HARLOW: Critics were saying you were betting against your clients. They were questioning the size bonuses handed out. How did you deal with that criticism?
COOPER: The most difficult thing at the time was that what people thought about Goldman Sachs was not in sync with who we knew we were.
HARLOW: What do you think people would be most surprised to learn about you?
COOPER: I'm very tough. I'm very resilient. And the minute I think that someone believes that I can't I do.
LU STOUT: Stay with us. And after the break, we go deep below London's Underground train lines. A dark tunnel is home to a blooming business. We take a look at a novel solution to soaring rental prices and the demand for ecofriendly food.
LU STOUT: An imminent human disaster spreading across the globe -- that's how the World Health Organization is describing the cancer threat in the coming decades. It says new cases are set to rise by a staggering 70 percent in the next 20 years. And despite advances in medical care, the report predicts that there will be 22 million new cancer cases in 2034, 13 million people each year will be killed by the disease. And researchers say that the high cost of treating cancer is affecting the economies of richer countries. And it says developing nations are not equipped to deal with the crisis.
Now the report says about half of all cancers could be avoided, but smoking rates need to be cut. Lung cancer is still the deadliest.
And the report calls for better public health campaigns to promote prevention.
Now one of the authors spoke to CNN a little bit earlier about the study. And what we can all do to help.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BERNARD STEWART, CO-EDITOR OF WORLD CANCER REPORT 2014: People giving up smoking is not just a matter of their individual choice, they're supported in that decision by restrictions on advertising, by the non-availability of the product to certain people such as children, by the price that discourages the buying of cigarettes and by the lack of advertising.
Now we can't necessarily apply all of those things to every known healthy choice, but we can in different societies as the case is made opt for support from government through regulation for people to make the healthy choice.
Now in respect of the involuntary exposures, those things that you literally can't avoid, the state of the air you breathe, as you point out, in many Asian cities is appalling and definitively associated with an increase risk of cancer.
Lung cancer from that cause is only a small proportion of lung cancer from cigarettes, but it's still a real problem. and that is the responsibility of government. Communities deserve protection for recognized causes of cancer, particularly lung cancer, and action should and can be taken to reduce that risk, particularly has been demonstrated in the success achieved in American cities in reducing the burden of pollution.
So that model can serve as a vehicle for other cities, particularly in China, for example, to achieve the same level of protection for their citizens.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: And that was one of the editor of the World Cancer Report, Professor Bernard Stewart.
Now health experts say that our diet can play a role in disease prevention.
And in London, one business has found a unique way to grow ecofriendly food right in the heart of the city.
Isa Soares has that.
ISA SOARES, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: It's another gray morning in South London and as commuters make their way to work, something deep below ground is growing.
But little do they know that 33 meters below their seat in a World War II bunker, a unique horticultural endeavor is underway.
Here in the dark, damp, rusty tunnels of London with a constant temperature of 16 degrees an innovative farming experiment is raising shoots.
RICHARD BALLARD, FOUNDER: Having a stable environment we can create a perfect environment for the plant. So -- and we can grow to a certain time from seven days to 21 days and we can produce a crop and deliver directly into the market, which is just half a kilometer down the road.
SOARES: The project is being backed by Michelin starred chief Michel Roux Jr. He tells me this is modern farming in Britian -- underground and no need for a trowel.
MICHEL ROUX, CHEF: No, these are pea shoots as well.
SOARES: Oh, they're pea shoots as well.
ROUX: These are fully mature. So they have -- you know, you bite into them and they have that wonderful pea taste if you want to have a little -- and they look great and they really do look great.
SOARES: Where do you get the water from?
ROUX: The water is -- the water at the moment is just filtered water that we're using, but we're hoping -- we're hoping that we should be able to collect rain water and filter that and various other things that will help us to be as organic as we can.
And it's good for the environment.
SOARES: There's so much rain at the moment, you're not shoot of water, I can tell you that much.
For the time being, they have one tunnel with two-and-a-half acres of space. They're growing garlic chives, pea shoots, Thai basil among other products with a potential of course to expand.
And with London's above ground property prices through the roof, this underground business has growth potential.
BALLARD: Commercially it's a lot cheaper to grow in this environment than building a farm sort of outside of London.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's about eight times cheaper when you look at the cost in terms of the rent that you would have to pay for that kind of space.
SOARES: Well, they're hoping this unique venture will whet the appetites of investors, they need to raise roughly a million pounds in 60 days in a crowdfunding campaign to get food on plates by late summer.
Isa Soares, CNN, Underground, in London.
LU SOTUT: And that is News Stream. But the news continues at CNN. World Business Today is next.