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What Is To Blame For Extreme Weather?; Target Security Breach; Pope John Paul II Controversy; Russian Bombing Mastermind Killed

Aired February 5, 2014 - 06:30   ET


RADLEY HORTON, EARTH INSTITUTE: There is research suggesting that in the last few years, what people may feel may actually be right, that we're seeing a little bit more of this kind of extreme. The average temperatures for the U.S. and globe continue to be near record highs.

We have this long-term trend globally, and in specific cities towards much more frequent extreme heat waves and extreme cold waves. Between 2000 and 2009, twice as many record-breaking heat events in the U.S. as cold events, as greenhouse gas concentrations have gone up.

That's the big picture. More extreme warming, higher sea levels and more flooding. But what people want to know about right now, are we also seeing more of these cold air outbreaks and snowstorms? And the answer is possibly. The research is still out on that piece.

CHRIS CUOMO, CNN ANCHOR: So, square it, because you know what the common reaction is. You go outside, it makes you think that global warming is a hoax.

HORTON: Right.

CUOMO: I understand that that's naive, but why is it naive?

HORTON: Yes. It's naive because we need to look at big areas and longer periods of time to cancel out some of that weather variability and through the long term trends as greenhouse gases go up.

Just to give you one example, it has been very cold in the East. In many cases, we've seen the coldest temperatures in, say, 20 years. But these are not unprecedented temperatures. They were actually not that unusual back in the '80s.



HORTON: That's exactly right. That's where I was going to next. At the same period of time, where are seeing all-time records being broken not just for a particular day but all time records over the entire record-keeping period in Alaska.

Temperatures of 62 degrees in parts of California, Sacramento, beating their monthly record by 5 degrees. That hasn't happened in the East during this cold event. BOLDUAN: So the long term trend, do you think, is it safe to suspect that we're going to see more of these extremes? It seems that we haven't seen a mild winter in a while.

HORTON: Yes, that's exactly right. So, there is research that I've been involved in and others looking at the possibility that the loss of sea ice in the Arctic so far away may actually influence our weather here. It's still speculative research.

But the basic argument goes like this -- we know that as greenhouse gas concentrations have gone up, the amount of sea ice in the Arctic has dropped by 75 percent in three decades. Temperatures have gone up a lot in that region as a result. The jet stream which keeps the cold air in the north and warm air in the south seems to be getting wavier, getting more of these meanders, more of these blocks.

It's like opening the door of a freezer or a refrigerator, the cold air spills out from the north further south than it might have in the past. But, of course, what's also happening is the warm air is replacing it.

MICHAELA PEREIRA, CNN ANCHOR: That's what we're seeing in California and Alaska. The west -- that jet stream is almost dividing the nation.

Radley --

HORTON: Can I make up one --

PEREIRA: Please, please?

HORTON: We can't say for sure the change in sea ice is responsible for this wave because this is emerging research. But I think it's a more and more compelling case. There's always going to be variability, it's always going to be these waves in the jet stream, but it does seem, according to some research, that as we lose that sea ice in the Arctic, one possible could be more cold air spilling south, more warm air going north. We've got to keep our eye on that.

PEREIRA: We're certainly going to be seeing a lot more of you. I feel like we're going to be talking about this. This has been an extreme one for sure.

Radley Horton, thank you so much for joining us.

BOLDUAN: Thanks, Radley.

PEREIRA: We have the snow shoes right there. There's one when you head home, you can grab --

CUOMO: We are seeing the exaggerated rain. It's called hundred years storm. I think we have one very other year or somewhere. So, appreciate the perspective. We're going to have to figure out the hard way here.

Coming up on NEW DAY, we're learning more about Target's massive data breach that put millions of you at risk. So, is there any way to stop the hackers? Simple question. What was the answer? Live report ahead.

BOLDUAN: Plus, a church controversy. A Catholic cardinal instructed to burn notes from Pope John Paul II. Well, instead of doing that, he's publishing them instead. What's in the letters? We're going to tell you ahead.



BOLDUAN: Let's go around the world starting with a first in Afghanistan, five presidential hopefuls facing off in a televised debate.

Monita Rajpal has that.


MONITA RAJPAL, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: The upcoming presidential election in Afghanistan is shining spotlight on its changing landscape. The country just hosted its first ever televised debate with all five leading candidates on Tuesday. It aired on an independent channel. One of the key issues was President Hamid Karzai's refusal to sign a security agreement with the U.S.

The majority of candidates say they would support the deal. The fear is that losing Washington support would also mean losing billions in crucial foreign aid.

Back to you, Kate.


BOLDUAN: Thank you so much, Monita.

Now to Egypt where archaeologists say they found a 4,600-year-old step pyramid believe to be older than the Great Pyramid of Giza.

CNN's Reza Sayah has this.


REZA SAYAH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: An incredible discovery here in Egypt. Archaeologists digging up a pyramid that's 4,600 years old. Remember, the oldest buildings in America are only a few hundred years old. But this pyramid, older than Egypt's Great Pyramids of Giza. The pyramid was discovered in southern Egypt.

Archeologists say when it was new, it was as tall as a four-story building. But after thousands of years of erosion, it's now about 16 feet tall. It's a little more than two Shaquille O'Neals. This pyramid now one of the oldest buildings ever discovered in the world -- Kate.


BOLDUAN: Wow, impressive. Reza, thank you so much.

So if you think the super bowl was the biggest TV event of the year with 112 million viewers, that's a lot. Well, think again, in China, more than 700 million watching a very different television special.

CNN's David McKenzie has more.


DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: The U.S. Super Bowl's ratings record doesn't even come close to world record. That goes to the Chinese New Year spectacular on state TV. More than over 700 million people tuned in to watch that, six times football's biggest day.

Despite the many years of breaking success, some say that it's outdated and young viewers posted pictures of their participates nodding off during the four-hour commercial free spectacular.

Kate, back to you.


BOLDUAN: Four hour, four hour commercial free. Seven hundred million people watching it. Wow.

PEREIRA: You have to nap during that.


PEREIRA: It requires a nap.

BOLDUAN: I nap during our three-hour show. We were at the breaks.


CUOMO: Now everybody knows.

All right. So, we have new details this morning concerning Target's major security breach. Today, there are more hearings on Capitol Hill. We already know that a top Target executive apologized for the breach that opened tens of millions of you to potential credit card fraud. Apologies are nice, but the big issue is whether they have a plan to prevent future attacks.

CNN's Joe Johns is in Washington following the latest -- Joe.


JOE JOHNS, CNN SENIOR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT: Chris, they're from Target and Neiman Marcus, top retail executives are back on Capitol Hill today, forced to answer more questions before Congress about their credit card data breaches and the message they've already delivered is not good news for consumers. They say they're getting outsmarted by hackers.


JOHNS (voice-over): This morning we know more than ever before about the scramble and race against time to stop the massive theft of information that affected nearly a third of U.S. adults. Target chief financial officer Don Mulligan contrite.

DAN MULLIGAN, TARGT CFO: I want to say how deeply sorry we are for the impact this incident has had on our guests, your constituents.

It began the evening of December 12th when the Justice Department notified Target of suspicious activity involving payment cards used at Target stores.

SEN. PATRICK LEAHY (D), VERMONT: Had you had any knowledge that that malware was there before the Department of Justice give you that notification?

MULLIGAN: Mr. Chairman, despite the significant investment and multiple layers of detection that we had within our systems, we did not.

JOHNS: December 14th, Target hires an independent team of experts to lead the internal forensic investigation. One day later, that team confirms criminals had infiltrated the system by installing malware on Target registers. The malware is removed.

On the 19th, a week after the tip from Justice, Target goes public with the breach. One fact now confirmed but with no date reference, an intruder stole a vendor's credentials to get into the system and install the malware in the first place.

The question now, how to prevent this. Solutions that came out of the hearing, a chip, a pen, and a new rule. First, a smart chip on payment cards that keeps personal information safer than on magnetic stripe.

Target plans to have chip technology in place next year.

FRAN ROSCH, SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT, SYMANTEC CORPORATION: It's more inscription. So the credit card information would stay encrypted longer and it would make it much more difficult for the hackers to be able to obtain that information.

JOHNS: Also discussed personal identification numbers or PINS to go along with smart chip cards. And if all else fails, new rules -- better notification standards so you'll know much faster when your card is compromise.


But none of this is foolproof. The chip technology could cost billions and there is fear any new notification standards imposed by Congress could quickly irrelevant after clever hackers find a new way to beat the system -- Chris and Kate. CUOMO: Competing concern, Joe, is that when these companies don't tell you right away because they're worried about exposure, just makes the problem worse. So --


CUOMO: Yes, something is going to have to be done. Appreciate it, Joe.

BOLDUAN: So scary.

CUOMO: Here's another story we've been following here from the sports world. That kind of crosses over, an accused bully back in the game. The Miami Dolphins have lifted Richie Incognito's suspension. Remember him? Question is, suspension is up, but will he actually play again?

Joe Carter is here with this morning's "Bleacher Report."

What do we know, Joe?

JOE CARTER, BLEACHER REPORT: Hey, good morning, guys.

Well, next month in March, Richie Incognito is basically going to become an unrestricted free agent, so he'll be free to find another team. And lifting the suspension yesterday really allows both the Miami Dolphins and Incognito to move forward.

Now, as far as him getting in another rooster spot, well, it's looking a little bit better because there's no evidence out there that suggests that Incognito and Martin communicated like friends often. There are over 1,000 text messages between them that were obtained by why the "USA Today" through leaked sources. And these text messages were exchanged between October 2012 and November 2013.

And I will warn you the exchange is very crude, but it seems to demonstrate a joking relationship. It's incessant talk about partying, drinking, chasing women among other things.

And here's a short but again crude reenactment.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Meet at my place at 6.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What's your address?


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Hahaha. I'll be there soon.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I'm going to egg your house and light a bag of (EXPLETIVE DELETED) on fire then ring your door bell.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I'm going to shoot and claim self-defense. I'm white, you're black. I'll walk.


CARTER: Sort of a twisted relationship between the two.

Now, as far as the investigation into the bullying scandal, we're expecting to hear Ted Wells (ph), the independent investigator come back with his entire investigation any day now. Could be today, tomorrow or Friday.

Now, the Olympics, they're just about a couple days away. Opening ceremonies expected Friday night. And many of the journalists covering the games have been using social media to really show how bad their hotel conditions are.

This is from a "Chicago Tribune" reported. She had no water when she first checked in. Then, she tweeted water restored, sorta.

And a producer for Channel 4 in London tweeted this picture, saying, good news, I have internet. Bad news, it's dangling from the ceiling in my room.

Snowboarder Sebastien Toutant shared the rules that he found in his bathroom. You see the pictures.


JOE CARTER, BLEACHER REPORT: It says, no standing, no throwing up, no squatting. But then it says no fishing? And the last one on the right - I don't even know what that means, guys, but we're getting reactions from reporters all over the internet, basically that Sochi - a lot of the hotel rooms are not ready for them and the games. But, you know, I know our CNN crew have hotel rooms booked out five months ago.


CARTER: Ten different rooms, and they're slowly but surely all getting in those rooms. I believe that they're all in as of now, but there was a couple of days where they just didn't have any rooms -- guys.

BOLDUAN: And some of the hotels can't process credit cards. The water's not working in other hotels. I was reading some of the reports from journalists. Stray dogs and construction workers walking into rooms for some people --


BOLDUAN: It ain't the ritz. There's your tag line.


BOLDUAN: Thanks, Joe.

CHRIS CUOMO, CNN ANCHOR: I'm going with a joke --

BOLDUAN: What's the joke?

CUOMO: The no fishing in the commode.



MICHAELA PEREIRA, CNN ANCHOR: No time for internet.

CUOMO: I think it's a joke. I don't think they're real warnings. What do you think of that? There's some controversy.

BOLDUAN: All right. Let's take a break. Coming up next on NEW DAY, Pope John Paul II's former secretary under fire this morning for defying one of the pontiff's dying wishes. What did he and how the church -- what did he do and how is the church reacting just ahead.

PEREIRA: Also, a Minnesota backyard the scene of some cheerio (ph) sledding, perhaps, training ground for future Olympians? Not that far off. It's our NEW DAY "Must-See Moment" coming up after this break.


BOLDUAN: Welcome back to NEW DAY. Breaking this morning, a new report from the United Nations demanding the Vatican take action against child abuse.

BOLDUAN: The U.N. is urging the Catholic Church to remove all suspected abusers and to amend canon law to specifically state (ph) that the violation of children will be considered a crime.


But also developing this morning, a betrayal of trust. That's the accusation against the former secretary to Pope John Paul II. The late pontiff reportedly ordered the secretary to burn his personal notes upon his death, but today, that man is publishing some of those notes in a new book. CNNs Isa Soares is London with much more. Good morning.

ISA SOARES, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Good morning, Kate. For almost 40 years, he was Pope John Paul II secretary and confidant. But now, Cardinal Dziwisz is really explicitly going against the late pope's final instructions and is publishing his most personal notes. As you'd expect, Kate, contracting controversy (ph) and moral indignation.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This book is, indeed, extremely important.

SOARES (voice-over): Pope John Paul II's last will and testament calls for his personal notebooks to be burned according to Catholic News Agency. So, why have his most private writings been published for all to read in a book released in Poland today?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There is no doubt that this is a priceless record.

SOARES: The publisher describes the book as a collection of the late pope's thoughts and meditations. Many Catholics outraged questioning the release of "I Am So Much in God's Hands." Pope John Paul's closest aide, Cardinal Stanislaw Dziwisz turned over the letters.

FATHER EDWARD BECK, CNN FAITH AND RELIGION COMMENTATOR: His thought was that these are important theological musings of a pope and that the world could benefit from reading them.

SOARES: Serving at pope for nearly three decades, Pope John Paul II died in 2005. Revered by the faithful as the people's pope. Dziwisz is confidant and former secretary for nearly 40 years was given instruction to burn the private papers after the beloved pontiff's death.

But instead, breaking one of the cardinal rules in the Catholic Church, Dziwisz disobeyed the beloved pope, because according to the catholic reporter, he felt burning the documents would be a crime and that he didn't have the courage to do so.

BECK: So, suddenly now to have a group of works that has not been published before is significant.

SOARES: Translated writings from the Polish language book are circulating. He wrote, "And does the act of salvation amaze me more than any other everyday act, may it absorb me more and more." In April, John Paul II will be canonized as saint, placed from the fast track (ph) by Pope Benedict. Dziwisz says publishing the note is a precious insight into the pope's soul (ph).


SOARES: Cardinal Dziwisz says his own publishing, some of the late pope's personal notes. Many of the other of his other notes have already been burned. But the profits, he says, all from the book will be going towards building a complex, a $40 million complex that is being built to honor the late John Paul in Krakow, Poland -- Michaela.

PEREIRA: Isa Soares reporting. Thank you so much for that.

It's time now for our "Must-See Moment." The award for dad of the year goes to Danish Migg (ph) from Cologne, Minnesota. Here's why.


PEREIRA: A massive 150-foot -- or 50-yard sledding track he built in his family's backyard. Forty-five action-packed seconds from top to bottom, but the paper said it took eight years to build.

You think that this is just -- consider this, I ask you, there's an Olympian, Tucker West from Team USA, he's the youngest Olympian on Team USA. His dad actually built a louge (ph) one in their backyard. So, he may be seeing future Olympians right here is all I'm saying. Not just fun, but a future.


CUOMO: Passing the scream test.

PEREIRA (on-camera): I know.


BOLDUAN: Seems like the adults are the ones screaming --

PEREIRA: I think we take side trip to --


CUOMO: Do you know why the adults were often the one screaming? One, they have common sense. And two, you are always the heaviest thing. So, the kids are all light, and they're going through --


CUOMO: -- you realize that you are basically a meteor in one of those things.

BOLDUAN: You're just not as sturdy as I am.

CUOMO: That's true. I'm old and heavy.

BOLDUAN: All right. All right. All right.

CUOMO: Coming up on NEW DAY, breaking news out of Russia. A terrorist believed to be the mastermind behind the deadly bombings in Volgograd has been killed. This happening with the Sochi Olympics just two days away. So, we will be live in Russia at the top of the hour for the latest.

BOLDUAN: And a shocker on the biggest loser. One woman's weight loss has the judges stunned but also had many concerns. We'll have that and more ahead.



CUOMO: Good morning. Welcome back to NEW DAY. It's Wednesday, February 5th, seven o'clock in the east, and we begin with a news blast, the most news you can get anywhere. Let's get with it.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Let's now declare the International Olympic Committee open.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Because of the high level of threat, I am very, very concerned about it.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Horrible. Horrible.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Because there've been a few rocks (ph) on the way.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Police arrested three men and a woman they believe are connected to the drugs found in Philip Seymour Hoffman's apartment.

BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: My country invested in me, and I want America to now invest in you.


CUOMO: All right. Let's begin with breaking news. The suspected mastermind of December's bombings in Volgograd, Russia has been killed. We're learning from police there that one man was killed and an accomplice surrendered in a standoff this morning in Dagestan. All this just two days before the Olympics begins, so, let's get right to Phil Black in Moscow -- Phil.

PHIL BLACK, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Chris, the Volgograd bombings killed 34 people at the very end of last year. Those one of the train stations, one in the past, these are the attacks that really drove home the threat posed to the Sochi Olympics. Now, true Russian state media, we are hearing that the alleged mastermind behind these suicide bombings has been killed in an operation in Dagestan.

This is the rested area or in the south of the country, the hot bed of the ongoing Islamist insurgency there. A sources they told Russian state media that there was a police operation to surround a property. One man gave himself up. The rest did now. There was a shootout and in the process, one man, the suspected mastermind, was among those killed.

This comes just one week after two others were arrested for transporting the bombers to Volgograd, and now, this breakthrough as well.


Police say they are continuing to work and investigate to find out precisely all the people who are involved in this operation -- Chris.

CUOMO: All right. Phil, thank you for that. Now, we know Russia says it has worked hard to ensure that Olympic athletes and visitors to Sochi will be safe with a, quote, "ring of steel" in place around the stadium. Still, U.S. officials have identified a number of specific threats to the Sochi games. The head of the House Intelligence Committee tells CNN the real danger is in the area outside Sochi.