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STUDENT NEWS

Burj Khalifa, Tallest Building in the World; Unique Velella Driven by Wind to U.S. Seashore; No Doggie Left Behind

Aired August 20, 2014 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of current events from around the world. No commercials. I`m Carl Azuz. At the CNN

Center. Welcome to the show. First up this Wednesday, a story out of Island. Scientists say conditions are getting dicey at the country`s

Bardabunga Volcano. It`s the biggest one in Iceland. And there was an increased risk last night that it was about to erupt. How do researchers

now? Earthquakes. One of them, the strongest in the region since 1996. They say it looks like there`s a lot of magma movement in the mountain.

It`s not located near a highly populated area, but one reason why people are concerned has to do with flight. When a different Icelandic volcano

erupted in 2010, the ash-clouded spewed shut down a lot of European airspace. That affected more than 10 million people in the region and cost

businesses billions of dollars.

A monsoon has brought chaos to South East Asia. This is a wind system that blows into India from the southwest during the summer, and it brings

tremendous amounts of rain in June and July. This monsoon season has been particularly bad. The flooding and the landslides it`s caused have killed

more than 50 people in India, and more than 100 in neighboring Nepal. Dozens are still missing. The rain has been so intent in some areas that

it`s overwhelmed rivers and spilled out through nearby villages and flashfloods. There`s been damage to thousands of homes, tens of thousands

of families have had to live their homes. In some areas, people had to wait for a rescue on rooftops or climb trees to stay above the rising

waters.

Moving west from India, we`re taking you to the Middle East and stopping in the United Arab Emirates. Dubai is one of those emirates, and it`s where

you`ll find the tallest building in the world. We`ve visited the Burj Khalifa before reporting on what it`s like to wash its windows. The

building has broken a lot of records, but what keeps it running? What keeps it standing?

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

ERIN BURNETT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: At 2716 feet, the Burj Khalifa is the tallest structure ever built on earth. Towering over the city of Dubai, it

has the highest observation deck and the highest restaurant in the skyscraper. And its owner say, it has the highest swimming pool in the

world.

(on camera): Is there a room from tall buildings like this that aren`t just, you know, a landmark or something beautiful to look at, but that

actually function efficient and profitable.

MOHAMED ALABBAR, CHAIRMAN, EMAAR PROPERTIES: I think there are. I think nowadays people are building smarter.

BURNETT (voice over): Smarter and more efficient. Mohamed Alabbar built the Burj at an estimated cost of 1.5 billion. Its doors opened in 2010.

(on camera): Today it was - I don`t know, 110 degrees. How do you keep this cool?

ALABBAR: Well, of course, it`s combination of good design to start with, good advance mechanical electrical system, of course, most advanced skin on

the building, so to make up with the (INAUDIBLE) world type of glass we are using. The way it reflects heat or that it`s combination of advanced

technologies and monitoring the building every single hour.

BURNETT (voice over): Using an innovative thermal ice storage system, the tower`s currently kept cool with the equivalent of 13,000 tons of ice. The

Burj is monitored 24 hours a day in the main control room where engineers measure everything from power and water used to winds speed and seismic

activity. On a windy day, the top of the tower can move up to six feet in either direction, and the base is designed to shift in the event of an

earthquake.

(on camera): There`s an earthquake here?

ALABBAR: I used to, now I trust it so much, because recently, last week we had quite a good movement in town.`

BURNETT (voice over): Getting to the observation deck, on the 124 floor, takes only about 60 seconds, and one of the tower`s 57 elevators. Its

specially designed lifts can move up to 12,000 people a day, and even act as a power source.

(on camera): They are actually creating power?

ALABBAR: Of course, they create power, and then the power goes back to the grid of the system that we have. Like in part of the building as well.

BURNETT (voice over): Alabbar explains, Burj Khalifa captures water from outside the building itself in Dubai`s sweltering humid air.

ALABBAR: We take great pride and the condensation that happens on the skin of the building that get collected, then we use it four our own irrigation

system and the whole development. What we collect is, equivalent almost 20 million pool sizes of condensation on the skin of this building. And it`s

very valuable when you live in the desert, of course.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the Shoutout. Along with hydras and corals, which organism would you find in phylum Cnidaria? Think you know it?

Shout it out!

Is it octopi, seaweed, sharks or jellyfish? You`ve got three seconds, go!

We`ll take this sting out of this one for you. Cnidaria includes jellyfish. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

AZUZ: Also included in that phylum are velella. They have that awesome name. But unlike jellyfish, they are not harmful to people and they don`t

propel themselves by swimming. They are sailors. And they are appearing by the millions on some U.S. beaches. What`s bringing velella velella to

the American coastline? Blame it on the wind.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DAVID BADER, AQUARIUM OF THE PACIFIC: We have something amazing that`s washed up on the shores here in Oxnard, California. We have by the wind

sailors, the scientific name velella velella. These are amazing creatures. They are jelly-like creatures. They are not exactly jelly fish. What`s

amazing about them is they have absolutely no propulsions, they actually use this little piece right here to sale by the wind. And capture plankton

on the surface of the ocean. Every now and then the currents of the winds will change, and these guys, well, instead of being pushed out to sea,

they`ll actually wind up on the beach.

They are made up of actually lots of different individual organisms, all living in a colony together. They make the sail out of harder material,

the rest of their body we can see as mostly, you know, 98 percent water. These by the wind sailors will sting to catch their food. On the underside

of their body, the sort of jelly heart on the bottom, there`ll be tentacles than hang down into the water and if a fish egg or a small larvae fish or

something like that runs into him, then they`ll - they`ll sting them. But that sting is not very - it`s nothing that could actually, you know, get

through my skin.

A lot of people probably never new that organisms like this existed in the world. And, you know, the winds change and all of the sudden, they wash up

on shore and we get to see, really, what the ocean is made of.

It`s time for the call of the roll. We are taking requests from each day`s transcript at cnnstudentnews.com. So, from Tuesday, we`ve got the

commandos in charge.

They are at that Cleveland NJRTOTIC academy in St. Louis, Missouri. Jumping Tuesday`s east, we`ve got the panthers. These cats are from Perry

Heights Middle School at Evansville, Indiana. And all of the way to the Southeast, at Oakleaf High School in Orange Park, Florida. It`s night

time, Yo.

CNN Heroes, folks like you and me, who see the need for something and then take action to get it done. Pen Farthing is a CNN hero. He broke up a dog

fight while on patrol in Afghanistan in 2006. One of the dogs followed Farthing back to his base and became his pet.

But getting the animal home to Britain, was much harder. So, Farthing started an organization to help solve that problem.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

PEN FARTHING, FORMER ROYAL MARINE SERGEANT: In every single street corner in Kabul you will find stray dogs. Looking after dog or cat does relieve

stress in daily lives. Since how it holds true for, you know, soldiers. One I was serving in Afghanistan, I actually thought it`s quit unique,

looking after this dog, but I was wrong.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Once we came close to leaving, I knew that I didn`t want to leave them behind.

FARTHING: To date, now, the organization has actually rescued over 650 dogs or cats, serving soldiers from around the world.

And also, we have the stray animals out in the streets, there was a big problem with rabies. But not just helping the animal - or helping the

Afghan people.

When we get a call from the soldier, we have to get a dog from wherever the soldier is in Afghanistan to our shelter in Kabul. We`ll neuter or spay

the dog and we`ll vaccinate it against - diseases.

Then the Adam (ph) will start his journey from Kabul to the soldier`s home country.

(APPLAUSE)

FARTHING: When I pulled Kevin out of the crate, I was just so excited. I was even more excited that remembered me.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I can`t believe that they are here. She`s been such a help. She`s a huge part of the transition being easier for me.

FARTHING: If I never met - in the first place none of this would have happened. You know, Mike - Afghanistan state of life, because of now and

that so, for me, and every time I look at him, this makes me small.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: Want a Ferrari? Me too. On the cheap end, though, a new Ferrari California can set you back $200,000. So, you might think that a used one,

particularly one that had been racked and rebuilt a couple of times, we`ll be a little cheaper. Wrong! This 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO recently rolled

away for $38.1 million. The record high for any car ever sold in an auction. Why so much? Well, it`s rare, one of only 39 of these models

ever made, and that in the auction, driving up (INAUDIBLE) where the rubber meets the road. Putting it up for sale wasn`t ingenious idea. The seller

did really well. The buyer just took home two titles. CNN STUDENT NEWS revs up again. With more news and puns. You`re going to love it. We`ll

see all then.

END