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Earthquake in California; Five Things to Know about Earthquakes; ISIS in Historical Context of Other Terror Rulers; Mo`ne Davis Groundbreaking Success at Little League; TV Screens Removed from Planes

Aired August 25, 2014 - 04:00:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: CNN STUDENT NEWS is kicking off its third week of the 2014-2015 school year. I`m Carl Azuz, and we are all glad you are


First up, parts of Northern California are in recovery mode, and the governor has declared the state of emergency, delegate money and help

flowing to a region rattled by a 6.1 magnitude earthquake. It hit early on Sunday injuring dozens of people, knocking out power to thousands and

causing breaks in water mains and gas leaks. The total damage cost could exceed $1 billion, and the tremors may not be over.

Here are five things to know about earthquakes.

One, aftershocks. Smaller quakes typically follow. Dozens have followed this one. Another significant quake could come this week. Two, on

average, there are more than a hundred tremors between 6 and 6.9 every year. Three, the most powerful quake on record was a magnitude 9.5 that

struck Chile in 1960. Four, the deadliest quake on record shook Haiti in 2010, killing hundreds of thousands of people. Five, a one point increase

in earthquake magnitude represents a ten-fold increase in ground movement.

We might have put a man on the Moon in 1969 but we`ve got a long way to go for Mars. SpaceX is a privately funded space exploration company that

hopes to lead the way. This is its Falcon 9 reusable rocket - well, it was. Something has gone wrong during the launch over Texas, so a system

designed to destroy the rocket in case of emergency did its job.

No one was hurt, this was just a test of the F9R. At $54 million, it`s a lot cheaper than NASA`s shuttles which used to be the way Americans got on

orbit. The next step might have just taken a step back, but as the head of SpaceX tweeted on Friday, rockets are tricky.

Through airstrikes and sending troops as advisors to Iraq, the U.S. has been supporting the fight against ISIS. This is a terrorist group that

President Obama characterized as a JV-Team six months ago. But it`s taken much more seriously after ISIS took over large parts of Iraq and Syria.

ISIS wants to create a theocracy based on its own interpretation of Islam. It`s killed hundreds of people, civilians, minorities, Christians, other

Muslims. At one point in Iraq, 30,000 Iraqi soldiers ran away from 800 ISIS terrorists. Why? Fear.


TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: ISIS in many ways is something we`ve never really seen before, a really large, well-organized, well equipped

terrorists` army, but they are lifting significant parts of their playbook from bad actors in the past who also relied on terror to help them rule.

For example, the Vikings, way back in the 8 Century were known for such frenzied and vicious attacks on the villages they went after that often

people would simply lay down their arms or run away to try to avoid annihilation. Vlad the Impaler in the 14 Century was known for his cruelty

to the degree that his legacy remains today far beyond Romania. All of us would know it is the inspiration for Dracula.

In World War II, of course, Adolf Hitler`s Nazis were feared for the cruel efficiency of their military attacks, the blitzkrieg among them, and, of

course, the slaughter of millions of Jews.

Then, Joseph Stalin killed hundreds of thousands of his own people. And then the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s had a similar reign of terror against

their own people.

In each case, this groups fostered the public fear of their cruelty, the sense that they were simply terrorizing people who had to be feared and had

to be obeyed.

And now ISIS is doing the same thing through these videos being carefully placed on social media sites and shared around the world, so that they will

be seen by policymakers and the public alike.

Here is the weakness in terrorism, however. It only works if the victims are complicit. And by that I mean it only works if the public will watch

the videos, will agree to be terrorized, will leave in fear. If the public doesn`t do that, the significant weapon of the terrorist is diminished



AZUZ: See if you can I.D. me. On determinant of a sports league, that`s been around for 75 years, I`m held every year in Williamsport, Pennsylvania

where my organization was started. Japan has won three of my last five events. I`m the Little League World Series. Some other recent winners are

from California and Hawaii.

But not this year. Yesterday afternoon, it all came down to South Korea, and the Jackie Robinson West All Stars. This is a team made up entirely of

African American players. It`s from Chicago, and this was the first time in its 31 years that Jackie Robinson West made the finals. South Korea

took home top honors, though, beating Jackie Robinson West eight to four. It was South Korea`s first championship victory since 1985.

Another headline from the baseball series had nothing to do with the boys of summer.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: 13-year old Mo`ne Davis throws like a girl, all right? A girl who can throw a 70 mile an hour fast balls and that made to

Philadelphia pitcher. A serious threat at this year`s Little League World Series.

Mo`ne captured global attention after throwing a no hitter, a first for a female in Little League World Series history and Twitter went crazy. Major

League pitcher David Price said Mo`ne Davis is a stud! The NBA`s Kevin Durant wrote, "This youngster is striking out everybody as she`s a girl."

And talk show host Ellen DeGeneres tweeted, "Talk about groundbreaking."

But with all the hype surrounding the 8 grader, her message was clear.

MO`NE DAVIS: Let up everyone know the inner city kids can make a big difference in the baseball and to shoot.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And that she did. Mo`ne attracted the largest audience ever for the series, as she`s the first Little Leaguer and the

youngest person, by the way, to be on the cover of "Sports Illustrated." However, the baseball phenom and honor roll student says that she`s better

at basketball. She hopes to play in the WNBA one day.

And although her team fell short of making it to the championship game, her impact on Little League girls and diversity is certainly long lasting.

"Sports Illustrator" may put it best for this game changer. Mo`ne Davis, remember her name as if we could ever forget.


AZUZ: Let`s see who`s watching. Schools we pick for our daily roll call come from our transcript page at, so here are three

requests from Friday`s transcript.

From Chickasha High School in Chickasha, Oklahoma, we`ve got the fighting chicks watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. From Leyton High School in Delta,

Nebraska, hello to all the warriors out there. And from St. Anthony High School in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, there`s a whole Rome and a legion (ph)

online. These mascots are awesome.

If you did any flying when you were a little kid, you might remember the telephones that were embedded into the seatbacks. That was cutting edge

technology back then. But as they continuingly update their planes, airlines are continuingly updating the technology they offer passengers.

And slowly but surely, seat back TV screens are going the way of the phones and the dodo. What will be left?


RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It seems that a lot of new planes are missing an item we`ve come to expect: seatback TV screens.

Well, there`s a reason for the disappearing act. It turns out, those screens are expensive. Expensive to install, expensive to maintain, and

expensive to fly around all the extra weight.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I like the inflight entertainment, and it`s kind of upsetting that they are thinking about getting rid of it.

CRANE: And they are also becoming less needed, because about three quarters of us board a plane with a screen in hand.

Carriers like United are skipping the screens, opting for no seatbacks on more than 15 new long range jets. Instead, there`ll be a special server on

board loaded with hundreds of movies and TV shows that passengers can stream directly to their gadgets. Delta`s trying something similar, called

the Delta Studeler (ph). The airline maintains they are still installing screens on their new planes, they are simply giving their passengers both


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I think it`s an interesting idea, but you know, you always see the people like sitting on the floor trying to charge. So, like

how we are going to charge our devices?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I`ll definitely miss the on-flight entertainment if it`s not available.

CRANE: It looks like the sit back TV is going to suffer the same fate as the airplane telephone. I guess we`ve truly entered the era of BYOD.

Bring Your Own Device.


AZUZ: If you`ve ever seen a one-year old in a smashed cake, you expect to see a mess. But at this one-year old`s party, held at the National Zoo,

there was shockingly little pandemonium, at least at first. Bao, the giant panda seemed more interesting in the leaves and in climbing the number one

on top of her cake then actually eating it. But eventually she came around, gaveling up the frozen fruits and sweet potatoes that adorned her

birthday treat.

Fortunately, the crowd was patient. Nobody bambooed her. They didn`t want a panda creature on her own bear`s day. That would have been unbearable.

I`m Carl Azuz, we`ll bear back tomorrow with more CNN STUDENT NEWS.