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STUDENT NEWS

Life in North Korea; David Cameron Ready to Fight ISIS; Labor Day History; Wind Farm in London

Aired September 2, 2014 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Whether it`s your first day of school or you`ve been with us the past few weeks. Thank you for watching CNN STUDENT NEWS.

We are your cost-free and commercial free source for current events. I`m Carl Azuz.

First up, unexpected interviews with three Americans detained in North Korea. This is a secretive communist country. It`s been at odds with

South Korea and the United States since fighting stopped in the Korean War in 1953.

A CNN reporter was on a government tour of North Korea when he was taken to a secret location to interview each of the Americans. That included

Kenneth Bae, a 46-year old Christian missionary. North Korea imprisoned him for what it called hostile acts to bring down its government.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

KENNETH BAE, AMERICAN HELD IN NORTH KOREA: I`ve been asking the American government to act upon getting me released here and I do believe that

special envoy need to come in order to resolve the situation that I`m - right now.

ENDVIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: All of the detainees say they`ve admitted guilt to North Korea, though one doesn`t know what he`s being charged with. CNN couldn`t tell

what kinds of conditions they were being held in, North Korean government officials monitor the interviews and carefully guided CNN`s tour of North

Korea.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

WILL RIPLEY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The moment we land in North Korea it feels like we are walking into a time ward, a nation decades behind the developed

world, trying to catch up and trying even harder to control the flow of information.

From the round we take to the pictures we take, government minders are watching our every move. They control what we see and what we don`t see.

Our fist stop, the birthplace of the nation`s founder, a man they call their eternal president Kim Il-sung.

Every North Korean who comes to Pyongyang will visit Mangyongdae at least once. This is considered a sacred placed, and coming here is a pilgrimage.

These students travel 23 hours to drink from the Kim family`s well.

"I want to come back again," says 12-year old Ko Chen Yang (ph). He comes from a rural area in the far north, a far cry from the capital, the

showpiece of the nation.

This is the most modern children`s hospital in the entire country. It took about a year to build, opened up six months ago, and it`s not just a

medical equipment that`s state of the art. We are told kids actually pretend to be sick just so that they can use the playground.

There are 300 beds in this hospital, in a city of more than 2.5 million people.

It`s one of several pet projects of the nation`s young leader Kim Jong-un who inherited power from his father and grandfather before him.

Another price project, the massive Munsu Water Park finished in just nine months.

We are told Kim Jong-un meticulously scrutinized every detail of this water park. He examined the plans personally or told 113 times and even at his

high ranking government officials test out those water slides to make sure they were safe.

As this people play, the United Nations worries other are suffering.

The World Food Program says many North Koreans face regular food shortages.

You wouldn`t know it with all the money spent on projects like this. Here, no expense is spared to put a modern, happy face on Pyongyang. The rest of

North Korean is kept hidden from our cameras and the eyes of the outside world.

Will Ripley, CNN, Pyongyang, North Korea.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DAVID CAMERON, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: We must use all the resource at our disposal, our aid, our diplomacy, our military. We need a firm security

response where the military action to go after terrorists, international corporation on intelligence, or uncompromising action against terrorists at

home.

Britain`s already providing equipment directly to Kurdish forces. We support U.S. military airstrikes against ISIL in Iraq.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: We started in North Korea, we are picking up in Britain. You just heard its leader speak about ISIL or what we call ISIS. That stands for

Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. And what separates ISIS from other terrorists groups is that it`s not looking for a country to be its base.

ISIS wants to create its own country based on its own extreme interpretation of Islam. It`s been murdering scores of people in Iraq and

Syria who don`t share its beliefs. On Friday, Britain`s raised its terror threat level to severe. That means it believes that terrorist attack on

British soil is likely, though it`s not necessarily imminent.

U.K. officials estimate that 500 British citizens have gone to fight for ISIS or other terrorist groups. The prime minister wants to keep those

people from returning and to give police the ability to seize the passports of anyone suspected of traveling to support terrorism.

Well, it`s cold Labor Day, but relatively little labor gets done on the first Monday in September. You know, Labor Day is a holiday to honor

American workers. Here are five things you might not have known.

One, the first Labor Day Parade was on Tuesday, September 5, 1882. New York City saw 10,000 workers participate.

Two, Oregon was the first state to make Labor Day a legal holiday. That was in 1887.

Three, U.S. government under President Grover Cleveland made it a national holiday in 1894. Four, Labor Day has lots of unofficial significance. The

unofficial end of summer, the unofficial end of when you should wear white shoes, the unofficial beginning of national political campaigns.

And five, there`s a similar holiday in other countries. It`s called May Day, and it`s on May 1.

"Roll Call." There`s only one place we look for your request: our transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com.

This three schools posted on last Friday`s transcript. Ledyard High School in Ledyard, Connecticut. The colonels are in command from the northeast.

Whitehall High School in Whitehall, Montana. Great to have the Trojans with us today.

And Trevor G. Browne High School in Phoenix, Arizona. Can you bear the Bruins (ph)? They round up today`s roll call.

Your science teachers have taught you about non-renewable resources: coal, mineral, natural gas. And renewable ones: oxygen, wood, wind. The last

one could be an effective source of renewable energy. Giant wind turbines can cost more than $1 million each to install.

Considerably more to move them out into the ocean.

That solves some people`s criticism that the noise - or unpleasant to look at. It doesn`t solve the problem involving wildlife.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

UNDIENTIFIED FEMALE: This is the London Array - it` the world`s largest offshore wind farm.

And this is what it helps power. The farm has 175 giant wind turbines, capable of generating enough electricity to power half a million homes.

And it`s quite possibly the answer to London`s growing energy needs.

MIKE O`HARE, LEAD MANAGER OF THE ARRAY: We expect about 900,000 tons of cotton (ph) outside. To be safe to (INAUDIBLE) that would have otherwise

be put into atmosphere. That`s about the equivalent of just under 300,000 cause a year. Taking off the road.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Approximately 8.3 million people leave here, and by 2031 that number is expected to climb to 10 million. A

growing population means a growing need for energy.

London, one of the most historic cities in the world, knows that in order to keep up with future energy demands, they need to update and diversify

their energy portfolio.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Straight about how do we get to know cleaner future, reliable energy source, and that`s for England (ph) that I`m going to raise

about, is moving from that (INAUDIBLE) call gas, nuclear to more, you know, renewable in offshore winds. The U.K. is one of the world`s leaders and

offshore win power. There are over 1,000 turbines (inaudible) the waters.

These things are massive, each turbine is larger than the London eye, and it takes as little as a 10 mile an hour gas to spend this.

Until recently, the Array was set to expand by possibly 57 more turbines, but construction was halted to save a rear breed of bird called the red-

throated diver.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There are - species of bird in the U.K. and the cover - tempts (ph) during the winter. And they feed there.

CRANE: The fear is that the construction on the second phase would displace the birds.

(on camera): Is it a bit of a disappointment that it`s not in the near future for you?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think as an engineer, I always wanted to build (INAUDIBLE), so of course, I would like things to go ahead, you know having

said that, you`ve got to be realistic. Wind because I carry about the environment.

CRANE: The future will present more obstacles that a bird, but one thing is certain: more of this means more of this.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: If the Northern lights are called Aurora Borealis, and the southern ones are called Aurora Australius. What do you call them in space? Just

depends on what you are looking at. These are still the northern lights. This video was taken from aboard the international space station. If it

looks like they are flying by fast, it`s because the station orbits Earth every 90 minutes. And it looks like they are having a roaring good time.

We always make a little space for puns at the end of the show. Some are out of this world, some are kind of spacey, but they are all part of

Aurora. I`m Carl Azuz, for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

END