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"Time" Magazine Names Ebola Fighters People of the Year; All about Nor`easter; Dissolving Glossophobia

Aired December 11, 2014 - 04:00:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. Thank you for taking ten minutes for CNN STUDENT NEWS. For more than 80 years, "Time" magazine has

named a person of the year. It started with aviator Charles Lindbergh for 1927. This year it`s not just one person, it`s all of those who`ve helped

fight the Ebola virus in West Africa, the worst Ebola outbreak in recorded history. "Time`s" managing editor says when there wasn`t much to stop

Ebola`s spread with governments unprepared, some health officials dragging their feet, it was the first responders, the local doctors, the

international aid organizations who stepped up to save lives and earn recognition as the people of the year.

The World Health Organization says almost 18,000 Ebola cases have been diagnosed since the outbreak started. Around 6400 people have died from

it, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone have been hardest hit, but they are making progress.

Slashed. One really accurate word being used to describe the U.S. northeast. Moisture from the Atlantic Ocean has clashed with cold air.

The results - chilly, miserable rain in some places, like you are seeing here from Long Island. The New York metro area has gotten nearly three

inches, a record amount of rain this week. And another spots, a winter wonderland for the moment. The National Weather Service says the six to

ten inches of snow in parts of Maine will be glazed by freezing rain throughout the rest of the week. And the coast will be battered by gusting


It`s like a circular water sprinkler is spiraling up through New England, and for all of it, a nor`easter is to blame.


ROB MARCIANO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A nor`easter is a storm that typically happens in the northeast. That`s not why it`s called the nor`easter,

though. The names comes from the wind, or the prevailing wind that you typically get from that sort of storm, which is out of the northeast. And

the bigger, stronger the storm, the stronger the nor`east wind is.

Nor`easters are typically a weak storm that make their way across the U.S. and will get a little bit of energy from the jet stream, and then when it

hits the coast, that difference in temperature between the land and the ocean, that gives them a little bit more in the way of instability and more

fuel for the fire.

Common characteristics of a nor`easter are wind, rain, sometimes snow, definitely waves better in the coastline, and because of that you can get

some beach erosion, you can get some coastal flooding. A storm surge is possible as well. So, a lot of damage can be done not only along the

shoreline, but also inland in form of winds and heavy snow, sometimes nor`easters can dump several feet of snow, especially at the higher


Nor`easters typically happen anywhere really from September all the way to May. The more intense ones happen really in the fall and winter time, but

spring time, you can get some nor`easters that have some devastating winds.

Nor`easters and hurricanes are completely different, because they drive their energy from two completely different sources. Your hurricanes get

your energy from the warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean, and that latent heat release is what drives the engine. Once a hurricane comes on land, it

loses its energy.

A nor`easters gets its energy from the differences between hot and cold, often a blizzard will come from a strong nor`easter, so in some cases they

can be one on the same. Blinding snow wind, winds blowing 35-40 miles an hour, and obviously, devastating cold. And that`s why the strongest

nor`easters typically happen in fall and winter when you have that dynamic contrast in temperatures.


AZUZ: Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? That`s a question on the U.S. citizenship test. We`ll give you some options. James Madison, Thomas

Jefferson, or Ben Franklin? The answer later became our third president. It`s Thomas Jefferson.

In North Dakota, state lawmakers are considering making the citizenship test a requirement to get a high school diploma. Several other states are

debating something like this.

Supporters say it will be a step toward improving young American civics knowledge. Opponents say another test won`t get them more engage in U.S.


If the bill passes, students would have to get 60 out of 100 questions right.

Including, the number of justices on the U.S. Supreme Court. Is it six, eight, nine or 12? The answer, including the Chief Justice is 9. If the

president and vice president can no longer serve, who is next in line for the presidency? The Speaker of the House, the Secretary of State or the

Defense Secretary? The answer is Speaker of the House. In the actual U.S. citizenship test, the answers are not multiple choice.

That men, Romeo and Santa Claus. They are not just popular characters, they are actual places. There is a city named Batman in Turkey, a town

named Romeo in Colorado, and the Santa Claus in Arizona, Georgia and Indiana. Now, that`s random and confusing the reindeer.

All right. In North Atlanta High School yesterday, I was asked if I get nervous before anchoring CNN STUDENT NEWS. I was on my very first show,

but not anymore. Partly because I follow several tips for giving a successful speech.

Be prepared, knowing your material, be conversational and practice, practice, practice. I`ve done it.

Here`s some message your speech teachers might cover.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Your heart races, sweat drips and neck and back literally stiffen. Your mouth goes dry. Mark Twain once said, there are

two types of speakers: those who get nervous and those who are liars. But it doesn`t have to be difficult. There are some very simple ways to become

great at speaking your mind.

It bugs (ph) my mind how many people are scared of public speaking. Otherwise known as glossophobia. But it`s definitely a thing.

And it`s not just the panic you are feeling, but that feeling of nausea and physical distress when, fight or flight response kicks in.

So, what can you do to get over it?

A kind of what the speechwriting gurus from the Oratory Laboratory to find out.

Why do you think people are so afraid of public speaking?

VICTORIA WELLMAN, CO-FOUNDER, THE ORATORY LABORATORY: People are afraid of the audience, right? That`s why they think. They walk in to (INAUDIBLE),

everyone is looking at me, right? So, you are the hero of your story, and when you are giving a speech, you`ve got to remember, that (INAUDIBLE) as

people ask you to tell the story, and it`s your version only, it`s no one else`s speech. If you remember that, you are going to spend a lot less

time being scared of the audience.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So, when people are preparing for the speech, what are the best ways to kind of prepare in order to be as comfortable as possible?

NATHAN PHILLIPS, -FOUNDER, THE ORATORY LABORATORY: The way you prepare for a speech is the same way you should prepare for telling any great story.

First of all, think of something that makes you excited, and enframe the speech around that, and really just think about how great it is. And then

let that carry you through the process.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (voice over): With all those tips in mind, we decided to set up on a sidewalk and face one of the toughest crowds around: New

Yorkers. First, Nathan gave me a few pointers.

PHILLIPS: Just take what you are passionate about, right? Frame it with a little bit of a story, and then celebrate whatever it is they want to


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We got a little crowd tonight asked a few questions.

PHILLIPS: Let`s get a little crowd together.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (on camera): Oh, they are cool.

PHILLIPS: How about you, folks? What`s your name?


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Jessica. What are you doing hanging out in park? So, what are you writing about? So, what`s the secret sauce?

(voice over): And then, isn`t just a few bits of information I got, I took a shot at toasting the total stranger.

(on camera): And I just wanted to lift up Jessica - intellectual, genius, that has been able to come out here today and she didn`t have to spend time

in the office, but she could spend time working on what she cares about, on what she loves the most.

Here`s to never being scared to doing what you always wanted to do. Here`s to Jessica.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: If you work at it and you have the confidence and believe in yourself, you can be a champion as well.


AZUZ: Qingdao is a city on China`s east coast, and it`s where Qingdao Amerasia International School is watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. Thank you for

tuning in from Shandong Province.

On the U.S. East Coast we found Cape Elizabeth, Maine. It`s where the Capers are online at Cape Elizabeth Middle School and at Central Junior

High in the (INAUDIBLE) state of Oklahoma, hello to the Cubs in the city of Moore.

The plural of mongoose is mongooses. Why am I telling you this? Well, it`s not just one mongoose that`s diving into this ball pit. It`s a

business of mongooses. And they didn`t just randomly take over. Workers at the Houston Zoo filled up a kitty pool with plastic balls to let the

mongooses play, dig and generally have a ball, get it? Digging is part of their normal behavior, playing just adds to the fun, watching lets us see

how cute they are.

You can tell they really dig it. They can ferret out some fun, when let loose, the goose is indoosed (ph) boost loosed up when goosed up run and

help me goose up some puns.

I`m Carl Agoose for CNN STUDENT NEWS.