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Netanyahu Sticks to His Claim that Iran Lied; Flowery Medical Assessment for Trump; Cohen Has a Tendency to Flip Against his Boss; Aired 3-4a ET

Aired May 2, 2018 - 03:00   ET



ROSEMARY CHURCH, HOST, CNN: Israel is sticking to its claims about a secret nuclear program in Iran, but critics its evidence shows nothing new.

Plus, North Koreans have been told the U.S. is the enemy but as tensions thaw between the two countries can they begin to see the country as a friend.

And a surprising revelation from Donald Trump's former doctor on his letter about the president's health.

Hello and welcome to our viewers joining us from all around. I'm Rosemary Church. And this is CNN Newsroom.

Israel's prime minister is pushing back in the face of some harsh criticism. On Monday, Benjamin Netanyahu claimed Iran was lying about its nuclear weapons program, and on Tuesday, he doubled.

But the U.N. nuclear watchdog has joined a long list of experts of and analysts who says the claims are not new and there is nothing in the Israeli intelligence which justifies scrapping the 2015 Iran nuclear deal.

Here is former CIA Director Michael Hayden.


MICHAEL HAYDEN, NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR, CNN: And credit to the Israeli intelligence service for getting this throve of documents and digital records. But I think all of it does, Chris, is give more detail to the plot line that we all knew that we all agreed.

So the best line (Inaudible) the government not getting the briefings I think this is fundamentally old news. And look, with all due respect to the prime minister and I realize he's not an intelligence source, all right.


CHURCH: Mr. Netanyahu is hoping to persuade U.S. President Donald Trump to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal. He says Tehran negotiated in bad faith. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

BENJAMIN NETANYAHU, ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER: The fact that you have a dangerous deal, the fact that Iran is keeping. We're not violating the dangerous deal doesn't make it less dangerous. It's completely flawed. It's based on lies.

It's based on the fact that they hid the nuclear weapons program and knowledge that they stored up, they didn't come clean with it. And it's also based on the fact that Iran will somehow be a docile neighbor. That's not what happened. The opposite has happened.


CHURCH: CNN's Ian Lee is live in Jerusalem. He joins us now to talk more about this. So, Ian, we're seeing this considerable push back, aren't we, from the E.U., the IAEA, the various world leaders to what Mr. Netanyahu said about Iran and the nuclear deal. And then of course, France's President Emmanuel Macron has been, and is, talking about expanding the current agreement.

And now we're learning that European officials might be working with the U.S. to find way to address President Trump's concerns about the current agreement. What does that signal come May 12, that deadline, and how's Mr. Netanyahu likely to respond to all this?

IAN LEE, INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT, CNN: Well, we're seeing it all play out in front of us. There is a scramble ahead of that May 12 the deadline, Rosemary. And just to touch on a few things that you said. You know, you had the IAEA spokesman Fredrik Dahl say there was no credible indication of activities in Iran relevant to the development of the nuclear devices after 2009, saying that Iran is living up to the agreement.

You had France, Germany, and the United Kingdom say that the prime minister's presentation just reinforced the need to have this nuclear agreement. You know, you also had here in Israel the former director of Israel's Atomic Energy Commission, Uzi Eilam who said that they should stay in this nuclear deal.

And then the foreign secretary, Boris Johnson he addressed Netanyahu saying that Iran is lying. he said, of course, we knew that Iran was lying. Everyone knew that Iran was lying. But this nuclear deal provides the means to verify what is going on with the inspections.

Now there is a lot to go through with what the prime minister presented. Experts are going to go over that, see if there is anything new in that. But we also heard from the French president and while he did praise this nuclear deal, he did say there's room to expand. Take a listen.


EMMANUEL MACRON, FORMER FINANCE MINISTER OF FRANCE: First, the JCPOA was absolutely was a very important negotiation and it's the best way to monitor those current nuclear activities of the Iranian government, the Iranian regime.

And I think this important was negotiated by our countries both, I mean the U.S. was involved and obviously France. I don't know what the U.S. president will decide the 12th of May.

[03:04:56] I just want to say whatever the decision will be we will have to prepare such a broader negotiation on a border deal. Because I think nobody wants a war in the regime and nobody wants an escalation in terms of tension in the region.


LEE: Now Rosemary, from the very beginning Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been against the Iran nuclear deal. But in recent months he's come with this slogan fix it, or nix it. Well, there is talk about trying to fix it. Now Iran has push back on that notion, saying that they are against changing this deal. We'll see what they can come up with.

But really for the prime minister if he can persuade President Trump from holding the United States out of the deal that will be a victory for him. Rosemary?

LEE: Right. So Ian, as you say Iran against changing this deal, expanding it in anyway. What is Iran's likely next move given that?

LEE: Well, we'll have to see what happens. You know, really it will depend what comes May 12th. If the United States pulls out, what will Iran do? We've seen from the evidence from the IAEA, they've presented this and now from this presentation that Iran does look -- it looks like they have the means and the technology and schematics to make nuclear weapons. Will they pursue that path, will they not, will they stick with the framework of the nuclear deal. That's all up in the air right now.

But this does create (TECHNICAL PROBLEM)

ALEXANDRA FIELD, CORRESPONDENT, CNN: -- going into this all important summit as you point out, the one that set to take place between Kim Kong-un and President Trump himself.

But the meetings that are going on today and tomorrow in Pyongyang won't just be about that summit. There will also be an opportunity to debrief on the summit that happened just a few two days ago at the DMZ between the leaders of North Korea and South Korea.

That's of course where we got those so-called Panmunjom agreements where both sides committed to work towards the total denuclearization of the peninsula and also towards a lasting peace treaty that would officially end the Korean War 65 years after the fighting has stopped.

China of course, has a very vested interested in both of those agreements. They want to talk very specifically to North Korea about how they will present their side when they meet with President Trump in maybe three or four weeks. [03:10:03] China wants to make sure that its interests are being

expressed. And they certainly want to talk about the final points of these agreements which simply were not the subject of the summit happened a few days ago. Rosemary?

CHURCH: And meantime, of course, Alex, a venue for the meeting between Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim has still not being decided. Although President Trump has indicated it will be announced in just a few days, so what are the expectations?

FIELD: Right. There's always a teaser when you have President Trump talking about the upcoming plan. So, yes, we all wait to hear the official announcement, but certainly, there has been word coming from all sides that the DMZ is a location that's being closely looked at by all parties for the optics of it, for the symbolism. And also, as a potential place for a celebration as Mr. Trump has put it if things were to go to the right way. Again, as he has put it.

But there are still a lot of steps that will happen before that summit. Again, we're being told by sources in Washington that it could happen in three to four weeks, which means that everything will have to move quickly. But there's a lot of advance work to be done, not just in hammering out the details of the summit but a lot of diplomatic conversations that will go on first.

The South Korean President Moon Jae-in will travel to Washington, D.C. to meet with President Trump, also to discuss the final points of what could happen at that summit.

And there's a trilateral meeting that's coming up in Tokyo next week that will involve China, Japan, and South Korea. Yet, another opportunity for those in the region to talk about their address as these talks proceed at really a very rapid pace. Rosemary?

CHURCH: Indeed, it is. Alexandra Field joining us live from Seoul in South Korea where it is just after 4.10 in the afternoon. Many thanks to you.

Well, in his 17 trips to North Korea, CNN's Will Ripley has noted two constant theme. An intense hatred of the United States and the celebration of Kim Jong-un's nuclear program. Now Will looks at whether North Koreans are ready for the possibility of the dramatic shift in relations.

WILL RIPLEY, INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT, CNN: Everywhere you turn in North Korea there's anti-American propaganda. Images of nuclear tip missiles pointed directly at the U.S. These themes are woven into the fabric of North Korean culture, even young children have told me they want to kill Americans.


RIPLEY: Who do you want to fight?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): We want to fight the sworn enemy, Americans. RIPLEY: What if I told you I'm an American, do you want to shoot me


UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): Yes, yes.

RIPLEY: I remember this trip to a Pyongyang textile mill, anti-U.S. propaganda greeted us at nearly every corner. Outside, missiles blowing up the U.S. capital. Inside a personal attack on North Korea's public enemy number one.

This propaganda banner says, it's a worker who are motivated by their burning hatred for the United States. And in fact, it reads "let's tear apart the mentally deranged U.S. President Donald Trump."

The worker I interviewed was carefully chosen by our government guides.

What do you think about Americans and the United States in general?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): Only hatred. It makes me shudder.

RIPLEY: Each missile launches each nuclear test the North Koreans sense of national pride or at least that's what they said in the presence of our government minders.


RIPLEY: I wonder what North Koreans must be thinking now. Now that their government is telling them there's no longer a need to launch intercontinental ballistic missiles now that their supreme leader Kim Jong-un is ordering the nuclear test at Pyunggye-ri to be shut down.

Getting rid of nukes would be a huge cultural shift for North Koreans thinking of America as a friend not an enemy and even bigger change.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): I want to see how the U.S. looks like to be harassing Korean people so much sanctioning our economy, what growth is there between Korea and the U.S., they invaded our country and massacred us. Why do you think we are suffering now, I really curse the Americans. I want to destroy their land.


RIPLEY: That's what they say when the cameras are rolling, but off camera most North Koreans are very friendly and kind, they ask me questions about my life and my travel which gives me hope that even the North Koreans have said for 65 years they have a burning hatred for the United States, many of them would welcome the easing of tensions if this planned summit goes well between Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump.

Will Ripley, CNN, Seoul.

CHURCH: The Vatican's third highest ranking official Cardinal George Pell is out on bail but he will be back in a Melbourne courtroom later this month facing multiple charges of historical sexual abuse.

[03:14:58] The 76-year-old has pleaded not guilty, his lawyer is asking for the case to proceed as soon as possible because of Pell's age.

We'll take a short break here, but we are getting a new prognosis from Donald Trump's former doctor what he is saying now about his over the top assessment of the candidate's health during the presidential campaign.

Plus, child labor linked to an essential element for electric cars. The dirty secret exposed in a CNN's special investigation.


CHURCH: Welcome back, everyone. Well, a surprising revelation in the Russia investigation. Two sources tell CNN that special counsel Robert Mueller raised the possibility of issuing a subpoena for Donald Trump.

The Washington Post reports it happened during a meeting with the president's legal team in early March. Mr. Trump's lawyers insisted he's not obligated to talk with investigators.

Sources say Mueller then suggested he could subpoena the president to appear before a grand jury.

Well, the president's lawyer has been advising him against a sit down interview with a special counsel. And Monday's leak of potential questions has left president fuming.

CNN's Jim Acosta reports.

JIM ACOSTA, SENIOR WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT, CNN: No comment in the Oval Office as President Trump tweeted his frustrations over the New York Times obtaining more than four dozen questions expected to be asked why special counsel Robert Mueller in the Rusher probe.

"So disgraceful that the questions concerning the Russia witch hunt would leak to the media," the president tweeted, "no questions on collusion. All I see of a made up phony crime collusion that never existed in an investigation began with illegally leak classified information. Nice."

But there were questions that go to the allegation of collusion like, when did you become aware of the Trump tower meeting, that's the meeting held by the president's son Donald Trump Junior, son-in-law, Jared Kushner and campaign chairman Paul Manafort with the Russian lawyer promising dirt on Hillary Clinton. The White House declined to weigh in.


SARAH HUCKABEE-SANDERS, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: I would refer you to the president's outside personal attorneys Jay Sekulow and Rudy Giuliani.


ACOSTA: The White House was in no mood to answer questions about the president's personal attorney Michael Cohen, who suddenly appear on the cover of the Trump friendly National Enquirer a possible sign, a source told CNN, that the president is turning against his longtime fixer.

[03:19:59] Asked what he thought, Cohen told CNN, what you think. The White House won't weigh in on Cohen who appears ready to plead the fifth.


SANDERS: I can't speak on behalf of Michael Cohen. I'd refer you to him.


ACOSTA: The president is trying to turn his attention away from the Russia probe to his plan for a nuclear summit with North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un.


DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: I think it's probably going to be announced over the next couple of days, location and date.


ACOSTA: As you think the South Korean president suggestion that Mr. Trump could win the Nobel Peace Prize.


TRUMP: I thought it was very generous of President Moon who wants to get peace.


ACOSTA: But the White House is in damage control mode on another aspiring nuclear power, Iran, after the administration asserted in an official document, "These facts are consistent with what the United States has long known. Iran has a robust clandestine nuclear weapons program."

The White House later change the statement from has to have.


SANDERS: I think the biggest mistake that was made was under the Obama administration by ever entering the deal in the first place. The typo that you referenced was noticed immediately corrected.


ACOSTA: The White House is also not admitting any mistakes after the president's former personal doctor told NBC that his office was raided by aides to Mr. Trump early last year.


HAROLD BORNSTEIN, FORMER PERSONAL PHYSICIAN TO DONALD TRUMP: All those medical records, pictures, anything that they could find. (Inaudible) been here for 25 to 30 minutes who created a lot of chaos. I couldn't believe anybody was making a big deal about a drug that's to grow his hair which seem to be so important.


ACOSTA: The White House denied it was a raid.


SANDERS: As a standard operating procedure for a new president the White House medical unit took possession of the president's medical records.


ACOSTA: As for the future of Chief of Staff John Kelly the White House said he is not being considered for Veterans Affairs secretary. Questions about Kelly are swirling after it was learned that the chief of staff have made disparaging comments about the president in the past.

The White House insists that two men have a good working relationship.

Jim Acosta, CNN, the White House.

CHURCH: And the feed president's former doctor now says Donald Trump himself was behind a glowing letter of recommendation back in 2015. If said in part, "If elected, Mr. Trump, I can state unequivocally will be the healthiest individual ever elected to the presidency."

Dr. Howard Bornstein says then candidate Trump dictated the letter and he just went along with that.

CNN's chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta spoke with Anderson Cooper about the revelation.


SANJAY GUPTA, CHIEF MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT, CNN: It's unethical. I haven't heard of it. We kind of anticipated or expected or not surprised by this, not only because of the hyperbolic exaggeratory sort of nature of the letter but also the idea that there was things like the tests were very positive--


ANDERSON COOPER, HOST, CNN: Right. Which is not telling you would say about it--

GUPTA: -- is a bad thing. COOPER: I remember you're saying and pointing that out--

GUPTA: Yes, exactly. The other thing I just want to point out, Anderson, is that, you know, what I immediately thought of besides what was in the letter and in the types of terms that were used, it also now makes me question even more what was not in the letter if the specific things are being told to say put in the letter than the more was not in the letter. Not only with Dr. Bornstein but then subsequently with Dr. Ronny Jackson.

I was at that press briefing that he gave and, you know, there was a lot of, you know, pretty hyperbolic language that was being used there as well. That's concerning because the language aside you need to know everything how accurate, what do we really know about the president's health right now.


CHURCH: And we turn now to a tabloid story featuring President Trump's longtime personal attorney Michael Cohen. A source tell CNN a National Enquirer article about Cohen could be a signal that President Trump may be turning against him.

Our Brian Todd reports from Washington.

BRIAN TODD, CORRESPONDENT, CNN: It splashed all over the National Enquirer, the secrets and lies of Donald Trump's fixer. Inside the tabloid, a rehash of the hush money payments to Stormy Daniels and Karen McDougall and other cases were Michael Cohen has allegedly cleaned up after his boss.

A source close to President Trump tell CNN just the publishing of that Inquirer story could be a strong sign that Trump is upset with his personal attorney. According to CNN source, Enquirer publisher David Pecker, a longtime friend of the president wouldn't have allowed the story to be printed without Trump's blessing.


MARC FISHER, AUTHOR, TRUMP REVEALED: It either means that someone in the president's camp has determined that Michael Cohen is already talking to prosecutors to the special counsel or they're worried that he might flip in that way, and this is kind of a warning to him that the president could turn on his longtime ally.


TODD: AMI the publisher of the National Enquirer told CNN the idea that David Pecker would not have allowed the article to be published without Trump's blessing is absurd.

AMI officials say Trump has never been consulted on editorial decisions and has never requested that a story be written on a given subject.

[03:25:02] Cohen has been under federal criminal investigation for months over his business dealings and Robert Mueller's team has reportedly sought documents in question witnesses about Cohen.


SHAN WU, FORMER FEDERAL PROSECUTOR: He is under a tremendous amount of pressure. The fact that they actually execute the search warrant on his office, the lawyer's office, very, very aggressive thing to do very rare that the Justice Department approves that.


TODD: According to two Trump campaign officials and federal election records Trump's re-election campaign has paid more than $220,000 of Cohen's legal bills pertaining to the Russia investigation.

Trump recently tweeted he didn't think Michael Cohen would flip on him but the president could still be distancing himself from his longtime confidant.


TRUMP: Well, he has the percentage of my overall legal work a tiny, tiny little fraction. But Michael would represent me and represent me on some things. He represents me like with this crazy Stormy Daniels deal. He represented me, and you know, from what I see, he did absolutely nothing wrong.


TODD: For 12 years, Michael Cohen has vowed to protect his most famous clients no matter what.


MICHAEL COHEN, PRESIDENT TRUMP'S PERSONAL ATTORNEY: He is a man of great intellect, great intuition and great abilities.


TODD: But if he flips what kind of damaging information would Cohen have on the president.


FISHER: That he's been kind of advanced man looking at a big project such as the idea of building a Trump tower in Moscow. So Michael Cohen has been someone who was cleaned up some of the rough stuff in the Trump organization through the years, whether it was paying off of the porn star on behalf of the president or going out and threatening reporters.


TODD: What might the long-term consequences be if Trump and Cohen turn on each other, legal analyst say that could start a downward spiral for both of them. Trump could make reckless comments that might incriminate him. Cohen could end up violating attorney-client privilege.

When asked if he thought the publication of the National Enquirer story was sending a message, Cohen told CNN, quote, "what do you think," but otherwise, he hasn't commented on it.

Brian Todd, CNN, Washington.

CHURCH: And the man supervising special counsel Robert Mueller's Russia probe is pushing back after a report that a group of Republicans have drafted articles of impeachment against him.

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein says he's not scared.


ROD ROSENSTEIN, UNITED STATES DEPUTY ATTORNEY GENERAL: Now there been people who have been making threats privately and publicly against me for quite some time and I think they should understand by now the Department of Justice is not going to be extorted.


CHURCH: Some House Republicans accused Rosenstein and the Justice Department of stonewalling them on documents request and have suggested they could try to remove him from office by impeaching him.

Rosenstein meanwhile, is focusing on other things weighing in on a central question lingering around the Russia probe, can a sitting president be indicted. Here's what he said.


ROSENSTEIN: The Department of Justice has in the past when the issue arose has opined that a sitting president cannot be indicted. There's been a lot of speculation in the media about this. I just don't have anything more to say about it.


CHURCH: And that is a question various legal experts have varying opinions about.

A CNN investigation documents a dirty secret. Children working at mining operations for products that millions around the world are using.

We're back with that in just a moment.


ROSEMARY CHURCH, CNN NEWSROOM HOST: A warm welcome back, to all our viewers joining us from around the world. I'm Rosemary Church. I want to update you now on the main stores we had been following this hour.

Israel's Prime Minister is doubling down on his claim that Iran has been lying about a secret nuclear weapons program. Benjamin Netanyahu is facing international criticism for many say is old information. Meanwhile the U.S. must decide by May 12 whether to pull out of the Iran nuclear deal.

And the flurry of diplomatic developments on the Korean peninsula. Pyongyang is moving to strengthen its ties with Beijing. North Korea's Foreign Minister is meeting with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi in Pyongyang today and Thursday.

Armenian protest leader Nikol Pashinyan has called for a general strike on Wednesday. He is urging supporters to block roads, rail stations and airports after the governing party blocks his bid to become Prime Minister. He was unopposed needed 53 votes, he got only 45.

If you drive an electric car. There's something you should know, it is a dirty secret uncovered in a CNN investigation. Children are working at the mines with the batteries key component cobalt is found. CNN's Nima Elbagir, Dominique Van Heerden and Alex Plass traveled to Kolwezi in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the epicenter of a cobalt gold rush. What they found there is complicity uncover.


NIMA ELBAGIR, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Christine and his friends are digging 20 meters down. Taking turns at 24 hour shifts, they have no light and little oxygen, though what they bring up is precious. This the start of the supply chain leading all the way to this makeshift mine, to a luxury battery powered car.

The sacks are full of cobalt ore, a crucial component in lithium ion battery set to power the coming green energy revolution. That's it will cost. There is growing evidence that the cobalt supply chain uses child labor. Companies say they are working hard to verify the source of all the hand mine of cobalt that is a difficult task.

Way ahead, follow the supply chain see if we can do it for them. Before we setup, even the local governor expect to see children at work. We arrive at the masonry river mine were the cobalt ore is wash to grind it down. Although we had been given permission to film here, as soon as they see us, officials begin to scare the children away. Not all of them though are fast enough. Some were caught, one young boy staggers under his load, his friends sees the camera and he drops his bag. They clearly been warned.

A mining industry officials spot this boy carrying cobalt has been captured by our cameras. He's response is brutal. Later we asked him why he stopped the child, he refuse to answer.

We have now witness for ourselves, the children are working here, that they are involved with the production of cobalt and we had seen the products of that child labor loaded onto a variety of different vehicles. I'm jumping into this car that is headed to one of the main public selling cobalt (inaudible).

[03:35:00] We are told we are going to the Kapasa (ph) market. This is where the cobalt is bought by brokers. It is where it's first answers the supply chain. The company Tesla Salon says its cobalt source are this is an issue with its origin. They mean to say, from where or how that there is no sign of specification here.

We watch the brokers set the price. And none of them ask where the cobalt is from or how it is mine. At this mining output tripled and the fear is even more children are being pressed into labor. Why because, cobalt is skyrocketing in price. Supplying your green electric car comes at a cost. We have the mission to film here, but local mining officials once more try to stop us.

The produce that captures the scene on a hidden camera. The government says it is working to combat child labor. But the same mining ministry official's task with enforcing an ethical supply-chain had been the ones attempting to block our investigation.

Police officer arrives and we are told we need to leave for our own safety. We do, but not before we spot a red truck loaded up and leaving the very same market. It matches the distinctive red of the trucks used by one of the main international cobalt supply zones.

China's Congo mining, we decide to follow. We can't afford to lose him, because where he delivers that cobalt load that is the link between the children hat you saw down there on the riverfront and the global market. As the truck hold to its final destination, guards rush out to block our cameras.


ELBAGIR: We later receive a warning phone call. This facility is under the protection of the presidential guard, we are told to stay away. What's going on? That appeared to be a CDM truck that this isn't the CDM facility, facts records show it was declared nonoperational. Three years ago, rising smoke and export records show cobalt is still produce here. CDM's parent company (inaudible) tells CNN they did have a relationship with the facility, which ended only last year. They are disturb in us to launch an investigation in to our findings, although they state other companies use their trucks.

CNN visited three sites to show how widespread the use of child labor is. At this mine in spite of our permissions, we eventually had to resort to filming undercover to capture the children.

We couldn't prove where exactly the dirty cobalt enters the international supply chain. But we witnessed that it does. Mercedes Benz, Tesla, Chrysler, among others say they have a zero tolerance policy for these child labor, but they acknowledge they are unable to fully map their supply-chain due to its complex nature.

Car makers simply cannot promise consumers that their products are 100 percent child labor free. This is the Artisanal Mining Cooperative, it is run by the main international supplier, CDM. Rows and rows of red trucks like the one we followed are pick up here, access and entry are controlled to block the presence of children. Our certificates of origin CDM say are dispensed in controlled circumstances. This is what the big brand names who source their cobalt from Congo believe govern their supply, but this is the exception not the norm.

The cobalt's from Kisumu accounts for less than a portion of the country Artisanal cobalt export. Here the Ministry of mining has to countersign for certificate of origin to be considered valid. So the very same entity who's officials CNN found complicit in hiding the presence of child labor. At the Artisanal mine we visited is responsible for certifying that cobalt here is child labor free.

After 10 days in Congo, our contacts advise us to leave for our own safety. What have we learned? At the main market, nobody asked where the cobalt's for sale are mined or how. We followed the truck to an operation that is pumping dirty cobalt into the international supply chain under the aegis of the Congolese presidential Guard.

[03:40:00] We witnessed mining ministry officials harassing children to hide them from our film. While others blocked our filming. All employed by the same Congolese authorities, car makers entrust to issue the certification.

But from what we witness it is no manufacturer can fully assure you, that your electric car is truly ethical. And as demand essential cobalt's source its children like this little boy, who are paying the real price. Nima Elbagir CNN, Kolwezi, the Democratic Republic of Congo.


CHURCH: And before the team left Congo, Nima Elbagir spoke to the provincial governor who blame the interference and aggression at the mine sites on suspicion within the local population that foreigners of trying to bring down President Kabila's government.


ELBAGIR: Your transparency and your willingness to allow us access to this sites, was not reflected on the grounds, we were subjected to intimidation, we were harass, children were harass in front of us, they were push, they were physically intimidated to leave the site, so while we commend what we are hearing from you, what we saw on the ground paints a dock a picture, I think, than you yourself are aware of.

GOVERNOR RICHARD MUYEJ, CONGOLESE POLITICIAN (TRANSLATOR): There is a general view that people are now using cobalt to bring down Kabila. So there's a kind of resistance and if we are not careful, we might find ourselves on the brink of aggression, but to prove our goodwill in this, what I learned that there have been these incidences, I broaden our Police Commissioner, the head of our police, I did this, because while I assess the situation I concluded there had been a misunderstanding.

We have nothing to hide, what we really want is goodwill. When we make an effort, we would like to be treated fairly. Given that important cobalt production is situated in the Congo, it will not be easy to skirt the issue. You and we must work together to make the issue of traceability transparent and to make the sites safe and regularized.

The private companies are earning huge amounts of money, but the population remains poverty-stricken and that is not fair. I think that true success must involve a win-win situation for everyone involved. If only one side profits from situation, that gives rise to resent.


CHURCH: The governor added there has been an improvement in recent years, he says the goal is for no children to be working in the mines, but that progress has been overshadowed by a high level of poverty.

Well, now that we know where cobalt is, where it comes from and the role children playing getting it consider this, although you're carrying some around in your pocket or handbag right now. CNN's Clare Sebastian explains.


BARACK OBAMA, FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Now is the time to double down our renewable energy and bio fuels and electric vehicles.

CLARE SEBASTIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The U.K. government with industry in the U.K. is supporting the growth of this industry.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: If we take a look what the Chinese are doing, they are talking about having 7 million electric vehicles on the road by 2025. Today they have, maybe just over 1 million.

SEBASTIAN: the global race for a low carbon future, government and businesses from Silicon Valley to Zenjen (ph) are going all in on electric cars. And for once its obscure element it sparked the gold rush. For the last two years, cobalt prices has spiked 300 percent and that is because experts say, it has one specific property critical for electric cars.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It is really to prevent multiple thermal run away and that is just a technical term for the battery getting hotter and hotter and hotter and ultimately exploding.

SEBASTIAN: Can you have an electric car without cobalt?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You can, but it affects energy density, it affects the cycle life of the car overall.

SEBASTIAN: But electric car need a lot of cobalt.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is the typical Tesla model assets 85 kWh that's roughly about 112 pounds lithium and about maybe 15 pounds of cobalt.

SEBASTIAN: It's likely many of us are actually carrying a few grams right now inside a cellphone. The cobalt is buried deep in the battery's chemistry, not just on iPhones, but most modern cellphones. How much cobalt within this iPhone?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Probably 3 grams, 3 to 4 grams. The thing about the number of iPhones and numerous cellphones that are sold globally, it starts to add up.

SEBASTIAN: And in the future which many believe is increasingly battery-powered, a cobalt rush is not over yet. Clare Sebastian, CNN Money, New York.


[04:45:00] CHURCH: The U.K., city of Brighton has revoked over its operating license, saying the service is not fit to hold the license there. In a statement it says a significant concern over data breach as the use of drivers from outside the area. Uber says it is disappointed by the decision and will appeal. A short break here. Still to come, demonstrations turned violent in Puerto Rico. Protesters are furious over austerity measures that the island is still trying to recover from hurricane Maria.

CHURCH: Welcome back. A strike against austerity measures in Puerto Rico turned violent as demonstrators clashed with police in San Juan.

They are angry with a U.S. appointed board that oversees the government's finances. Austerity measures have targeted the island's public education, health care and Social Security. Puerto Rico is still trying to recover almost 8 months after it was hit by hurricane Maria. Right now eating $72 billion in debt.

The U.S. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin heads to China this week for the high-stakes trade talks. The U.S. has threatened to place up to $150 billion in tariffs on Chinese goods, while Beijing promises countermeasures of its own. But Mnuchin doesn't seem worried.


STEVEN MNUCHIN, U.S. SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY: We are now looking to (inaudible). This is about trade dispute. This is about negotiating what is good for American companies and American workers. It is a one sided deal, we buy over 500 billion of goods from them, they buy $135 billion from us.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They buy our treasury, they lend us money.

MNUCHIN: Again plenty of people can buy our treasury, if they want to stop buying our treasury -- again they are not concern about that at all. Treasury security are the most liquid securities in the world.


CHURCH: All right. Turning to a very different story if you are dating, Facebook says it wants to help you find your true love. The company is launching a dating feature later this year. CEO, Mark Zuckerberg says users will be able to connect with people outside of their friends list and they are insured security and privacy. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

[03:50:00] MARK ZUCKERBERG, CEO FACEBOOK: There is going to be, this is going to be for building real long term relationships, all right, not just hook ups.


It is going to be on the Facebook App, but it is totally optional, it is an app, if you want, you can make a dating profile and I know a lot of you are going to have questions about this so I want to be clear, that we design this with privacy and safety in mind from the beginning.


CHURCH: Meantime Zuckerberg could face some official summons the next time he visits the United Kingdom. The parliamentary media committee is investigating the rise of fake news and the Cambridge Analytica, data release and want to hear evidence from the Facebook CEO. Let us take a short break, still to come, a visit to the (inaudible), Prince Harry and Meghan Markle romance guru.


CHURCH: American rapper, Kanye West, is known for stirring up controversy, but listen to this, he just told an entertainment television program that slavery was a choice.


KANYE WEST, AMERICAN RAPPER: You hear about slavery for 400 years for 400 years that sound like a choice. Like, it was there for 400 years and it is all a yo, you know like, it is like we are meant to (inaudible).


CHURCH: West, later ask staffers of the TMZ show, quote, "Do you feel like I'm thinking free and feeling free," that's when one staffer then later fired back.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I say don't think you're thinking anything. I think what you are doing right now is actually the absence of thought and the reason why I feel like that is because Kanye, you are entitled to your opinion, you are entitled to believe whatever you want, but there is fact and real world, real-life consequence behind everything that you just said. The rest of us in society have to deal with these threats to our lives, we have to deal with the marginalization has come from the 400 years of slavery that you said for our people was a choice.

(END VIDEO CLIP) CHURCH: West, later tweeted, trying to explain and clarify his

comments saying this, of course I know that slaves did not get shackled and put on a boat by free will, my point he said is for us to have stayed in that position even though the numbers were on our side means that we were mentally enslaved. This is certainly stored and stirred up a lot of controversy.

Well, President Trump welcome the pilot crew members and passengers of Southwest Airlines flight 1380 to the Oval Office. Pilot Tammy Jo Schultz, made a dramatic emergency landing out for an engine broke apart midair sending metal shrapnel through one of the planes windows last month. She has been praise for remaining calm under pressure. One passenger suffered injuries during the flight and later died. The president thanks Schultz, the crew and the people who tried to help the wounded passenger.


DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Fantastic job. That is really fantastic, you were a little bit nervous out there?


TRUMP: That is a fantastic job, really. They said you were calm and strong and cool, thank you very much.


[03:55:00] CHURCH: Incredibly brave for Shultz and Britain's Royal wedding is just over two weeks away. Prince Harry will marry Meghan Markle on May 19 at St. George's Chapel in Windsor. He said the stars are line for him and the American actress during their visit to Botswana. Lynda Kinkade has a look at the retrace with their romance blossoms.


LYNDA KINKADE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The royal bobs joy with demanded in Botswana, their first trip away together. Prince Harry and Meghan Markle visited Southern African country, shortly after meeting in July 2016. It is now being revealed that they also went down holiday again in August last year, Meghan's 36 birthday. Just months before Harry proposed, although at Kensington Palace of medic destination.

According to Reuters they that Mapula Lodge, which means mother of reign, the $800 a night isolated is located in Alco Vanguard Delta, one of the largest in land (inaudible) in the world. The couples led in a traditional thatched cabin overlooking the lagoon, took a sunset cruise, went fishing and spend time enjoying the African wilderness.

Reuters reports that there were even serve a free course meal under an ancient bow battery.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They will come to Botswana because it is still the most destination to go to where you are not bothered about paparazzi and such, because you are far away from anything and everything. KINKADE: That's one of the reasons the country is popular with

celebrities who want to get away. Botswana is one of the least populated countries in the world, it is roughly 3 people per square kilometer. With its lush landscape that incredible wildlife is no wonder it's been keyed to Harry and Meghan's blossoming romance.

The diamond are Meghan's engagement ring even came from Botswana, one of the world's largest diamond producers. Botswana holds a special meaning for Prince Harry. He first visited at age 13. When his father took him after his mother Princess Diana died.

He is also a patron of the charity Rhino Conservation Botswana, Lynda Kinkade, CNN.


CHURCH: And French President, Emmanuel Macron, raised a few eyebrows doing a press conference in Australia by calling Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull's wife quote, delicious. Take a listen.


PRES EMMANUEL MACRON, PRESIDENT OF FRANCE: I wanted to thank you for -- I want to thank you and your delicious wife for your warm welcome.


CHURCH: An Australian reporter tried to explain the awkward moment by tweeting that the French word for delicious also translate as delightful. The Aussie's will love this. Thanks for your company this hour, I am Rosemary Church. The news continues with Max Foster in London. You are watching CNN. Have a great day.