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U.K. names two Russians over Skripal poisoning; Incumbent Democrat ousted in Massachusetts primary; Discrediting the new Bob Woodward book on about the Trump presidency; 10 dead in Typhoon Jebi aftermath; Two Koreas prepare for summit; Russia and Syria urged by U.N. envoy to solve Idlib crisis. Aired at 8-9a ET

Aired September 5, 2018 - 08:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

[08:00:00] KRISTIE LU STOUT, CNN ANCHOR: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong and welcome to "News Stream."

Now, let's get the very latest from London and Moscow. We have a breaking news story. We have CNN's Matthew Chance live for us in Russia. First I'm

going to take you straight to Erin McLaughlin who is joining outside Scotland Yard in London. And Erin, we know that police there, they have

released the names and photos of two Russian nationals linked to the Sergei Skripal poisoning in Salisbury. Tell us who they are and what they've been

charged with.

ERIN MCLAUGHLIN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That's right, Kristie. We were just listening to British Prime Minister Theresa May brief parliament on this

ongoing investigation and she said that those two individuals that have now been charged with attempted murder were actually officers from the Russian

Military Intelligence Service or GRU, and she says that they are almost certain that this operation was approved by higher levels outside of the

GRU.

So, the United Kingdom clearly today laying out its case for Russia's involvement in what happened in Salisbury, the nerve agent attack back in

March. The two individuals charged, their identities believed to be aliases that they were travelling on. Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov,

believed to be in their 40s. They released photos of this individuals based on the passports that they were traveling on.

It's unclear at this point what visas these individuals were granted to get into the United Kingdom, although authorities here say they believe they

had traveled to the U.K. in the past. Authorities also releasing a detailed timeline that they've been able to piece together based on thousands of

hours of surveillance footage from London as well as from Salisbury.

They placed them arriving on a flight from Moscow to London on March 2nd, saying they stayed overnight at the Citystay Hotel in east London, and

inside that hotel authorities say they found trace elements of the Novichok nerve agent, the same nerve agent that was used to poison the Skripals.

They say that on March 3rd of this year the pair traveled to Salisbury to conduct a reconnaissance mission, they believe, of Salisbury, and then

returned again on March 4th. Surveillance footage putting them near the Skripals' home. And again, remember, authorities do believe that the

Skripals had been poisoned by a Novichok nerve agent that was smeared on their front door.

They say they left, this pair left Salisbury at 1:50 p.m. in the afternoon. Sergey and Yulia Skripal fell ill at 6:15 that same day. They believe they

caught a flight back out to Moscow later in that evening. They also released still footage or stills, rather, of the source of the poisoning.

They believe it to be a Nina Ricci counterfeit perfume bottle. The same perfume bottle that was found in Charlie Rowely's home earlier this year in

July. The source of the poisoning of Charlie Rowley as well as his girlfriend Dawn Sturgess. So all of this being laid out today to bolster

the U.K.'s case placing blame on Russia. Kristie?

LU STOUT: Erin McLaughlin just laying out British police their case, the timeline and the breaking news story that we're reporting for you right

now. Two Russian nationals charged over the Skripal poisoning in Salisbury.

Before we get more from Erin and also before we go to Moscow for Matthew Chance, we know that the British Prime Minister Theresa May has been

speaking on the issue about the Novichok poisonings and the evidence that British investigators have and the relation to these two Russian nationals

suspected in the Skripal case. And she pointed the finger of blame at Russia. Take a listen at what she just said.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

THERESA MAY, PRIME MINISTER OF THE UNITED KINGDOM: Their attempt to hide the truth by pushing out a deluge of disinformation simply reinforces their

culpability. As we made clear in March, only Russia have the technical means, operational experience and motive to carry out the attack. Novichok

nerve agents were developed by the Soviet Union in the 1980's under a program codenamed Foliant.

Within the past decade Russia has produced and stockpiled small quantities of these agents long after it signed the Chemical Weapons Convention. And

during the 200's, Russia commenced a program to test means of delivering nerve agents including by application to door handles. We were right to say

in March that the Russian state was responsible. And now we have the individuals involved --

[08:05:03] LU STOUT: Theresa May is saying and emphasizing the message that Britain was right in saying that Russia was responsible. We got

Matthew Chance joining us live from Moscow. Matthew, again, Britain says it has the evidence to charge these two Russian nationals in connection to the

Salisbury Novichok attack. How is the Kremlin responding?

MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, the Kremlin itself hasn't made any comments on this yet, but when you read through the

evidence that's been presented by the British on this occasion, it's highly detailed. Erin was talking about the thousands of hours of closed-circuit

television that's been viewed in order to reach this conclusion.

They've released these names or these aliases and their passport photos as well. All of that level of detail undermines the sort of longstanding

Russian claims that they had absolutely nothing to do with this. The latest statement we've had coming from the Russian foreign ministry in which

they've said that the photographs that have been released in relation to the Skripal poisoning and the names mean nothing to us.

The Russian foreign ministry spokeswoman telling CNN that the photos don't tell us anything and calling on Britain to cooperate with the Russian law

enforcement agencies. But, of course, cooperating in the court of international opinion, if you like, and Russia has been found absolutely,

you know, guilty of carrying out this.

Remember, there's been a -- there's been expulsions of Russian diplomats not just from Britain but from more than 20 other countries. A sort of

unprecedented 153 Russian diplomats from various countries have been expelled in protest over this poisoning and the United States was just

itself expelled multiple, dozens, in fact, of Russian diplomats over this.

It has also issued strong sanctions against Russia for carrying out this attack and said it will institute more sanctions, more stringent sanctions

in the next couple of months if Russia does not give assurances that it won't use chemical weapons again, which of course ,it is unlikely to do.

So, this is once again proving a very high-cost operation for the Russian state.

LU STOUT: Yes. And as you suggested, there could be more diplomatic fallout to come. Now, from Matthew in Moscow, let's go back to Erin

McLaughlin at Scotland Yard. And Erin, are police there, are they commenting on whether there's still a danger today? On whether the Novichok

nerve agent still poses a threat to the community in Salisbury even today?

MCLAUGHLIN: Well, at this point, Kristie, authorities are saying that the risk to the public remains low. They had previously advised anyone who was

in Salisbury around the time of attack, at a series of select locations, inside the pub where the Skripals went as well as the pizza restaurant

where they ate, to wash their clothes and other items providing similar guidance for certain areas of Salisbury where the Rowley's had frequented

prior to them falling ill.

That has been so far the extent of advice given to the public. Again, they say that the risk is low. As for the hotel, the Citystay Hotel where the

suspects were thought to have spent the night in the days prior to the attack, where they say they found trace elements of Novichok here in

London. They also say that the risk to the public is low at this time, Kristie.

LU STOUT: All right, Erin McLaughlin live for us in London and Matthew Chance, live in Moscow. Big thank you to you both.

Now to the United States and another stunning upset in a primary election ahead of November's midterms. Progressive Ayanna Pressley defeated 10-term

Democratic Congressman Michael Capuano in Massachusetts on Tuesday night. She could become the first person of color to represent the state in

Congress.

It is another cue from Democratic voters that they are hungry for change as a growing number of women and minorities continue to win these primaries.

Now, Michael Capuano took the shocking defeat in stride, saying that Pressley will serve the Massachusetts well. CNN's Miguel Marquez joins me

now in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. Miguel, what does her win say about the Democratic Party?

MIGUEL MARQUEZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes, that that insurgent wing is alive and well, and even though she was a city counselor in Boston, she had

worked in Democratic politics here. Michael Capuano was -- he was a lefty. He was a progressive liberal Democrat. It's as blue a district as you can

get in the United States.

It's a district that John F. Kennedy once represented or that area he once represented, and he could not fend her off. She ran as an outsider. Change

can't wait was the slogan for her campaign and it indicates that that left, that far left side of the U.S. Democratic Party is hungry for change.

[08:10:05] There have been upsets on the Republican side. Democrats upsetting Republicans, but this was sort of the first blue wave taking over

a very blue Democrat. So, it is shaping up to be a very, very interesting year and it's just amazing. This was a district that was polled twice, in

February and just a few weeks ago in August.

Michael Capuano was up 12 points in February, 13 points just a few weeks ago, and she won. Pressley won by almost 20 points. She got people out that

just hadn't voted before. This is a district that is majority/minority, about 58 percent is non-white and she was able to tap into that in the

areas in Boston, certainly where she lived.

And also keep pace with him in areas where he represents outside of Boston, in Somerville and other parts of the area outside of Boston. But just a

really big political stunner here. Kristie?

LU STOUT: Got it. A big, blue wave upset there in Massachusetts. Miguel Marquez, reporting for us live, thank you.

The White House and U.S. President Donald Trump, they're striking back trying to discredit that explosive new book by veteran journalist Bob

Woodward. In the book, Woodward describes an administration consumed with chaos and dysfunction with the president's closest aides portraying him as

unhinged and a threat to national security.

As you might expect, Mr. Trump did not wasted any time lashing out on Twitter. And just a few minutes ago, he did it again, this time suggesting

that U.S. libel laws need to be changed. Woodward released a statement moments ago saying he stands by his reporting. Jim Acosta has the full

story.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

(BEGIN AUDIO CLIP)

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES (via telephone): Hello, Bob.

BOB WOODWARD, INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALIST: President Trump, how are you?

(END AUDIO CLIP)

JIM ACOSTA, CNN CHIEF WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Before the release of his new book on the Trump White House entitled "Fear" legendary

reporter Bob Woodward managed to finally get the president on the phone. Mr. Trump's assessment of the Woodward book, not good.

(BEGIN AUDIO CLIP)

TRUMP: Sounds like this is going to be a bad one.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

ACOSTA (voice-over): There are devastating episodes throughout the book. Woodward explains how the president's former lawyer, John Down, attempted

to do a mock interview with Mr. Trump to demonstrate how he could perjure himself if he sits down with special counsel Robert Mueller. According to

Woodward, Dowd explains the stake for the president in stark terms. "Don't testify. It's either that or an orange jumpsuit."

Woodward says Dowd, who would later resign, called Mr. Trump a liar. The author also describes how former economic adviser Gary Cohn once removed a

document from the president's desk to prevent Mr. Trump from exiting a trade agreement with South Korea. Cohn said, "I stole it off his desk. I

wouldn't let him see it. He's never going to see that document. Got to protect the country."

One of a number of actions Woodward describes as no less than an administrative coup d'etat. Woodward says other top officials were equally

harsh from Chief of Staff John Kelly who said, "He's an idiot. It's pointless to try to convince him of anything. He's gone off the rails.

We're in crazytown. This is the worst job I've ever had."

The White House released a statement from Kelly saying he never called the president an idiot. Then according to Woodward there is Defense Secretary

James Mathis who said the president has the understanding of a fifth or sixth grader -- to former White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus who

said the presidential bedroom was the devil's workshop.

Woodward also offers nasty comments from the president who says Preibus is like a little rat. He just scurries around, and refers to Attorney General

Jeff Sessions as mentally retarded and a dumb southerner. According to Woodward, the president once told Giuliani, "Rudy, you're a baby. I've

never seen a worst defense of me in my life. They took your diaper off right there. You're like a little baby that needed to be changed. When are

you going to be a man?"

Woodward also revisits the president's handling of the deadly riots in Charlottesville saying Mr. Trump regretted the speech he gave at the White

House. That was when the president actually condemned the white supremacists in Charlottesville. But Mr. Trump said that speech was the

biggest mistake I've made. The next day the president went back to blaming both sides for the violence.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

TRUMP: Excuse me. Excuse me. You had some very bad people in that group. But you also had people that were -- very fine people, on both sides.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

ACOSTA (voice-over): Woodward says the president complained that he wasn't asked for an interview but an audio released by the "Washington Post,"

Woodward reminds the president he made multiple requests.

(BEGIN AUDIO CLIP)

TRUMP: Nobody told me about it, and I would have loved to have spoken to you.

WOODWARD: Senator Graham said he had talked to you about talking to me. Now is that not true?

TRUMP: Ah, Senator Graham actually mentioned it quickly on one meeting and you know that is true.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

ACOSTA (on-camera): President Trump sat down with the conservative "Daily Caller" website to call the Woodward book a bad book and to accuse the

author of having credibility problems. President's former outside lawyer John Dowd pushed back on parts of the Woodward book saying, "there was no

so-called practice session of a mock interview at the special counsel's office" adding he did not refer to the president as a liar and did not say

he would end up in an orange jumpsuit. Jim Acosta, CNN, the White House.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

[08:15:01] LU STOUT: Now, for some of our international viewers, you may need some context. You maybe a little bit unsure about who Bob Woodward is.

Here's a quick explanation. Bob Woodward is the "Washington Post" associate editor and he is one of the most respected names in American journalism.

His reporting on the Watergate scandal in combination with Carl Bernstein helped topple Richard Nixon's presidency back in 1974.

Since then, he has written books on numerous U.S. presidents including Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama. Now, there is a lot to unpack in

American politics after Bob Woodward's explosive new book and another stunning upset in a Democratic primary. CNN John Avlon is the perfect man

to do it.

He joins us now on "News Stream" from New York. And John, thank you so much for joining us. First, I want to get your reaction to Trump's morning

tweets, you know, as expected, he is trying to discredit this book. And there have been, yes, other negative portrayals of the Trump presidency,

but "Fear" by Bob Woodward, this is different, right?

JOHN AVLON, CNN SENIOR POLITICAL ANALYST: This goes deeper into greater detail, but confirms reporting that CNN and other outlets have done over

the course of this presidency, that there is a broader effort by cabinet officials and others to effectively contain the president from his worst

instincts, and the country for that matter from the president's worst instincts.

That there is not an environment of trust that many officials do express frustration and disrespect for the president's impulses and knowledge. But

this is another layer and the problem for the president in trying to call for new libel laws and say it's a con job and all those things he does, is

that he's praised Bob Woodward in the past.

That Bob Woodward is one of the most respected journalists in America on both -- by both parties, going back to his reporting in Watergate, but

every presidency essentially since. So, this is going to be an uphill effort to contain this. There will be efforts to deny individual quotes,

but the overall picture is indelible and consistent among some of his most senior staff. There is not respect in either direction, it seems, and

that's very troubling for the country.

LU STOUT: Yes, very troubling for the country especially when you look at some of the shocking takeaways from this book, like how some of Trump's

senior aides conspired to take papers away from his desk so that the president couldn't see or sign them. I mean, does this suggest that Donald

Trump is a danger to America's national security?

AVLON: That may be going slightly too far, but what it does suggest quite clearly is that senior staff are trying to reduce the radius of damage,

that they concern the president, is impulsive when it comes to policy and they would rather not have things be in his crosshairs, as it were.

Whether it's the case of a South Korean trade deal at a particularly pivotal time or apparently the president's impulse after the chemical

weapons attacks in Syria, which is to order Jim Mattis to take out Assad and instead a surgical strike was applied.

So, it's about constraining and containing the president's worst impulses, and in the case of that anecdote, apparently economic adviser Gary Cohn

literally removing a piece of paper from his desk something apparently (inaudible) did as well. Now, it is not confidence-inspiring when it comes

to the president's judgment and character, and those are the key qualities of any leader or chief executive.

LU STOUT: Yes. And because there is this, you know, concerning moments there detailed in this book, there is the question about the president's

fitness. You know, is it safe to say that this book contains a lot of evidence that puts Donald Trump's fitness back under the microscope?

AVLON: it certainly puts his judgment and character and the overall tone and tenure of the administration under the microscope. Now, there are some

folks who are going to say does this represent a portrait of a president that rises to the level of the 25th amendment, which in the United States

refers the ability to remove a president for incapacitation.

To my eyes, it does not even remotely because that's about physical incapacity if you look at the context in which it was created. As the

Mueller report is done, as the preponderance of evidence is put up, it may increase calls particularly along the Democratic side of the aisle for

impeachment of the president, which is a political process.

But it raises questions, more than go to the president's character, to his judgment, to his attention to detail, things that are dramatically

impactful of a president who's already at a historic low of popularity and will increase the bunker-like mentality inside the White House.

LU STOUT: All right, John Avlon, thank you so much for joining us. Take care.

AVLON: Pleasure. Take care.

LU STOUT: All right, you're watching "News Stream." Still to come right here on the program, it is the strongest storm to hit mainland Japan in

more than 20 years wreaking travel havoc among other things in its path of destruction. We're going to have more on the aftermath of Typhoon Jebi,

next.

[08:20:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK)

LU STOUT: All right. Welcome back. Now, officials say at least 10 people are dead and more than 450 are injured after a Typhoon Jebi ravaged through

western Japan on Tuesday leaving this trail of destruction in its wake. Jebi forced the closure of one of Japan's largest airports leaving some

3,000 people stranded overnight and causing hundreds of flights to be canceled. Rescue efforts are under way. Japan is still under sort of

widespread flooding in the aftermath of its strongest storm in some 25 years.

Now nearly 30,000 homes are without power now in the U.S. states of Alabama, Florida and Mississippi where tropical storm Gordon is leaving a

trail of destruction there. Even though Gordon is set to lose steam as it moves inland, heavy rains, they remain a threat and residents living in

these low-lying coastal areas are at risk of severe flooding. The storm has also claimed its first victim on Tuesday. A tree fell on a mobile home in

Pensacola, Florida, killing a child.

Now, a high-level South Korean delegation is in North Korea to help plan their next summit and the two sides, they are expected to discuss a path

towards peace and denuclearization. This comes as relations between the United States and North Korea continue to sour. Paula Hancocks is in Seoul.

PAULA HANCOCKS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: South Korea is pushing forward planning for the summit between the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un

and South Korean President Moon Jae-in, expected to be at the middle of September, in Pyongyang this time, the third time that those two leaders

will be meeting. Now we know that currently there is an envoy from South Korea, Chung Eui-yong, who is the national security adviser.

He is in Pyongyang and he has delivered a letter from President Moon to be given to the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. Now, he gave some insight

into what exactly his agenda was going to be apart from laying groundwork really, for the leaders' summit, also to push forward on this potential

declaration of the end of the Korean War.

Now, this was something that Moon and Kim Jong-un agreed after their April summit in Panmunjeom in the DMZ. They said that they wanted to declare the

end of the war by the end of this year. The Korean War which ended back in 1953 was only signed by an armistice, and North Korea really wants to push

for an end to the war and for eventually a peace treaty.

So certainly that's what we are hearing from the South Korean side, from the U.S. side though, there is some resistance to this peace treaty. They

want to see denuclearization before they consider sanctions or lifting of any potential sanctions. So the South Korean president at this point is

really in a precarious situation trying to get both sides back together, once again acting as the mediator between North Korea and the United

States.

[08:24:57] He did speak to the U.S. President Donald Trump on Tuesday night local time, a 50-minute conversation, where he explained why the envoy was

going to North Korea. They agreed that they would meet later this month at the U.N. General Assembly in New York, which will be just after that summit

with Kim Jong-un so he will be able to brief him properly.

But there really is a case to be made that President Moon has slipped back into this mediator role to try and bring Washington and Pyongyang closer

together again. I'm Paula Hancocks reporting from Seoul.

LU STOUT: Now, the U.N. envoy in Syria is adding his voice to an increasingly urgent call. Staffan de Mistura is urging the presence of

Russia and Turkey to work to prevent horrific bloodshed in Idlib, the last rebel stronghold in Syria. The White House has again warned Syrian forces

against using chemical weapons as concerns grow that they are about to launch a full blown assault.

These images show one of the latest air strikes and Russia now confirms its warplanes struck targets in Idlib. The White Helmets and activist media

groups say 17 civilians were killed. Some of them were children.

Talks in Syria are planned in the coming days involving Russia, Turkey and Iran, and for more I'm joined by chief international correspondent Clarissa

Ward. And Clarissa, we know that fighter jets, they've hit Idlib. What is the aftermath and the response to those raids and is this paving the way to

what everyone is fearing, an all-out assault?

CLARISSA WARD, CNN CHIEF INTERNATIONA CORRESPONDENT: Well, it certainly appears that way, Kristie. Just yesterday there were 30 separate strikes

all of them apparently concentrated on this area about 25 miles west of Idlib, mostly in the Jisr al-Shughur area. That is an area that is home to

two main highways that connect several of Syria's main cities.

This is very much a strategic target for the regime. So, it does appear that the regime, with the help of it's allies, both in the form of Iranian

ground forces and also in the form of Russia from the skies, are now trying to kind of nibble away, if you will, at the edges of Idlib province.

We are also seeing the rebels responding. We're hearing that they blew up three bridges yesterday. These are bridges that essentially connect regime

territory to rebel-held territory. Obviously that appears to be an attempt to stave off any kind of a ground offensive. And we also saw Turkey, which,

of course, borders Idlib province sending in eight different trucks filled with tanks and howitzer bolstering its military presence in Turkey which

currently is about a dozen or so outpost scattered along the edges of Idlib province.

We have also seen the Russians building up their naval forces in the Mediterranean so, certainly, it appears, Kristie, that we are seeing the

beginning of this offensive. It hasn't started in a major, majorly intensive way. We are not talking on the scale what we saw in Aleppo yet,

but all indications are that it could go that way, Kristie.

LU STOUT: Yes, fear is certainly rising that a brutal offensive is only a matter of time. Clarissa Ward, reporting live for us, thank you.

Now, a U.N. official is calling for calm after five people were killed and dozens injured during protests in the oil rich Iraqi city of Basra.

Unemployment, failing infrastructure and the lack of public services sparked the clashes with security forces. A curfew has now been declared.

You're watching "News Stream."

And still to come, expect more fireworks in Congress today and, no, I am not talking about the Supreme Court. One of the top execs from Facebook and

Twitter, they set to face a capital grilling. I'm going to tell you why.

[08:30:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK)

KRISTIE LU STOUT, CNN NEWS STREAM SHOW HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching "News Stream" and these are your world headlines.

Now, the British Prime Minister, Theresa May, says two men suspected of carrying out a nerve at poisoning were Russian military intelligence

officers. Earlier today, British authorities said they had enough evidence to charge the men for the attempted murder of a Russian double agent and

his daughter in Salisbury in March. Russian authority dismissed the announcement saying the names and photos of the suspects do not tell us

anything.

The White House is firing back at a critical book by veteran U.S. journalist, Bob Woodward. On other things, the book cites President Trump's

chief of staff, John Kelly, as describing the White House at crazy town with aides afraid that Mr. Trump is a danger to security. The president

suggests that parts of the book could have just been made up and has suggested politicians consider changing libel laws.

Two of the biggest names in tech, they're set to appear on Capitol Hill today to discuss what actions their companies are taking to prevent foreign

interference in U.S. elections. Facebook's Sheryl Samberg and Twitter's Jack Dorsey, they are in the hot seat. As for Google? Well, they declined

the invitation.

CNN's senior tech correspondent, Laura Segall, is in New York with a preview. Laura, thank you so much for joining us. We know top execs from

Facebook and Twitter, not Google, will testify today. When Sheryl Sandberg speaks, do you think she is going to echo what we heard earlier from Mark

Zuckerberg just a few months ago?

LAURA SEGALL, CNN CHIEF TECHNICAL CORRESPONDENT: Yeah. Look, I think we hear over and over again from Facebook. We didn't take a long enough view.

I think we'll hear a little bit about that. And you know, we've previewed the testimony. She said that, you know, it's absolutely inexcusable for

what happened to have happened. But I think this hearing is more about moving forward, right? It's about not saying that this happened. It's how

we prepare and how have we been preparing for the midterms, the upcoming elections, and are we in a better place? And I think, you know, you can see

it happening. Both Facebook and Twitter have put out in the last couple of weeks reports that they've taken over, you know, hundreds -- or they have

taken hundreds of accounts down, that they saw were taken over by foreign actors or by bad actors. So, we're beginning to see that.

I think the second hearing with just Twitter's Jack Dorsey will be very interesting. It's called Twitter transparency and accountability and it's

all -- it will be probably centered more around political bias and how does Twitter's algorithms work? And I can imagine because there will be a lot of

political posturing there.

LU STOUT: Got it. So, political bias, election interference, all of these are the issues on the table. And I got a feeling that, you know, when the

hearing begins, Laurie, you're going to be looking out for not just the answers from Sheryl Sandberg and Jack Dorsey but also the kinds of

questions that Congress will be asking and whether they understand the issues at hand here?

SEGALL: It's a really good point because what happened when Mark Zuckerberg testified before Congress is there's lot of criticism around the

senators who didn't 100 percent seem to asked right questions. I've been even talking to talking to people on the Hill and I said, you know, the

orders are clear, ask the right questions, you know, ask technically savvy questions.

But I think what it showed people just don't understand that a lot of the lawmakers don't understand how a lot of these tech companies work. And I

think that's understandable. I don't think a lot of the tech companies have been transparent. It's why you have Republicans saying that Twitter is

trying to suppress conservative voices. They don't 100 percent understand how it works.

And I think that's why Jack Dorsey is doing this and why he is showing up to have these conversations. It's interesting looking over his testimony

you see him really trying to appeal to conservatives and say, you know, we're not bias. A quote from the testimony -- his testimony that we'll

hear, he says, "Conservative voices have a strong presence on Twitter." He says, "We don't shadow ban anyone based on political ideology." He is

trying to get ahead of the criticism that he's likely to face today.

LU STOUT: Yeah. And these hearings on political bias and foreign interference come at a very critical time. The U.S. Midterm elections are

around the corner. When you talk to people in the industry, do you get a sense America is ready to make sure that it won't be vulnerable again to

foreign interference?

[08:35:06] SEGALL: You know, I wish I could say the answer is a complete yes. But you know, I just interviewed the chief security officer a couple

days after he left from Facebook. And what he said is if we're not careful, this could become the world cup or the U.S. elections could become the

world cup of election meddling where all nation states are trying to get in on this.

And we have -- and he did -- he called on the government to say the government needs to have a dedicated cyber security agency looking at

voting infrastructure and voting machines. So I think this is good we're having this conversation. It's good that tech leaders are now having to be

held accountable for this. But I do think this is a long, long process.

And another thing that Stamos, who was the chief security officer, said to me is we have to get in or head this is going to happen. It is inevitable

that these types of attacks are now going to happen. This is a new place where attacks are going to happen. So, working to get in front of that in

the future is going to be very, very important.

LU STOUT: Absolutely. Very alarming warning from Alex Stamos there. Laura Segall, reporting live from New York, thank you for the preview.

Now, the second day of Senate hearings for Judge Brett Kavanaugh, that begins in the next hour on Capitol Hill and this is going to be the first

full day of questions for President Trump's Supreme Court pick. And if yesterday is any indication, it is likely to be full of fireworks and

partisan politics. Here's Sunlen Serfaty.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

SUNLEN SERFATY, CNN CONGRESSIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Day one of Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh's confirmation hearing immediately turning into a

partisan shouting match.

SEN. CHUCK GRASSLEY (R), IOWA: You're out of order, I'll proceed.

SEN. KAMALA HARRIS (D), CALIFORNIA: We cannot possibly move forward.

GRASSLEY: I extend a very warm welcome to Judge Kavanaugh to --

(CROSSTALK)

HARRIS: We have not been given an opportunity to have a meaningful hearing.

SEN. CORY BOOKER (D), NEW JERSEY: We are rushing through this process in way that is unnecessary.

SERFATY: Democrats demanding the hearing be delayed, insisting they weren't given enough time to review documents provided to them the night.

SEN. AMY KLOBUCHAR (D), MINNESOTA: No one could prepare and review 42,000 documents in one evening. We know that, no matter how much coffee you

drink.

SERFATY: And lamenting the White House's decision to withhold thousands of documents from Kavanaugh's time as a lawyer for President George W. Bush.

SEN. RICHARD BLUMENTHAL (D), CONNECTICUT: We have been denied real access to the documents we need to advise --

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Mr. Chairman, regular orders calls --

BLUMENTHAL: -- which turns this hearing into a charade and a mockery of our norms.

SERFATY: Republicans firing back.

SEN. JOHN CORNYN (R), TEXAS: This is the first confirmation hearing for a Supreme Court justice I've seen basically according to mob rule.

SEN. TED CRUZ (R), TEXAS: What it is about is politics. It is about Democratic senators trying to re-litigate the 2016 election.

SEN. LINDSEY GRAHAM (R), SOUTH CAROLINA: You had a chance and you lost. You can't lose the election and pick judges.

SERFATY: Protesters adding to the chaos.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Hell no, Kavanaugh. Hell no, Kavanaugh.

SEN. ORRIN HATCH (R), UTAH: You're smart --

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Hell no, Kavanaugh. Hell no, Kavanaugh.

HATCH: -- and you're a fundamentally decent, good person.

SERFATY: Objecting to Kavanaugh's policy positions particularly on women's rights. Capitol police arresting 70 protesters during the hearing.

HATCH: Mr. Chairman, I think we ought to have these loudmouths removed. We shouldn't have to put up with this kind of stuff.

SERFATY: After hours of opening statements, Kavanaugh finally getting an opportunity to address the committee.

BRETT KAVANAUGH, SUPREME COURT NOMINEE: A good judge must be an umpire, a neutral and impartial arbiter who favors no litigant or policy. The Supreme

Court must never, never be viewed as a partisan institution.

SERFATY: Lawmakers on both sides of the aisle expressing concern about President Trump's repeated attempt to influence the branch.

SEN. DICK DURBIN (D), ILLINOIS: This is a president who's shown us consistently that he is contemptuous of the rule of law and is that

president who has decided you are his man. You're the person he wants on the Supreme Court. You are his personal choice. So are people nervous about

this? Are they concerned about it? Of course, they are.

SERFATY: And President Trump weighed in after the committee hearing last night, accusing Democrats of trying to inflict pain, he says, and

embarrassment on Kavanaugh. And despite the Democratic objections and what will likely continue to be a very heated week for Kavanaugh, Democrats know

they have very little they can actually do to prevent his nomination going forward as long as Republicans hold the line. Kristie?

(END VIDEO CLIP)

LU STOUT: All right. Sunlen, thank you. You're watching "News Stream." We got more in a moment. Keep it here.

[08:40:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK)

LU STOUT: A sparkling night here in Hong Kong. Welcome back. You're watching "News Stream."

Now, a new study shows that people around the world just are not getting enough physical activity. A report from the World Health Organization

reveals that globally one in three women and nearly one in four men do not get enough exercise to avoid common diseases like type II diabetes,

cardiovascular disease, dementia and some cancers.

At least 150 minutes of moderate intense physical activity or 75 minutes of high intensity exercise each week is recommended for adults. Study shows

that the lack of exercise is getting worse. More than a quarter of all adults worldwide were not active enough in 2016 that's compared to about 23

percent in year 2010. Now, one scientist behind the study talked to us and explained why it is not getting better.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

REGINA GUTHOLD, WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION SCIENTIST: People do not spend their leisure time outdoors any longer. Oftentimes, they sit in front of

the TV or use tablets. These are trends that are kind of hard to reverse. So, for example, countries that are in transition, that urbanize, where

people that used to be, for example, farmers are now living in cities doing a sedentary work.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

LU STOUT: Wow. Uganda and Mozambique, they had the best exercise ratings around the world with only 6 percent of adults not active enough.

That is "News Stream." I'm Kristie Lu Stout, but don't go anywhere. "World Sport" with Amanda Davies is next.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

[08:45:00] (WORLD SPORT)

END