of electoral system:
- The monarch is hereditary.
- In the Senate (Sénat), 105 members are appointed by the Governor-General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.* In the House of Commons (Chambre des Communes), 308 members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms.**
* No terms are set and senators can serve in office until the age of 75.
** The duration of the House of Commons cannot exceed five years, except under special circumstances, including real or apprehended war, invasion or insurrection.