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INDONESIA
COUNTRY Republic of Indonesia
ELECTION TYPE Presidential
DATE July 5, 2004 (Round One)
September 20, 2004 (Round Two)
At stake in this election:
  • The office of the president and vice president of the Republic of Indonesia.
Description of government structure:
  • Chief of State and Head of Government: President MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri
  • Assembly: Indonesia has a bicameral legislature consisting of a House of Representatives or DPR (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) which consists of 550 seats and a Regional Representative Council or DPD (Dewan Pewakilan Daerah) which consists of 128 seats.
Description of electoral structure:
  • Under new legislation, the president is elected by direct popular vote to serve a five year term.
  • Members of the DPR are elected via an open list proportional representation system while the DPD candidates are elected using a Single Non Transferable Vote (SNTV). In this system, voters in each precinct will vote for one candidate only, with each province required to elect four representatives to the DPD.
Results from the presidential race (Second Round):
  • Presidential Candidate: Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO*
    Party: Democratic Party
    Valid Votes Received: 67,345,331
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 60.88%

  • Presidential Candidate: MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri*
    Party: Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P)
    Valid Votes Received: 43,271,395
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 39.12%

Results from the presidential race (First Round):
  • Presidential Candidate: Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO*
    Party: Democratic Party
    Valid Votes Received: 39,838,184
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 33.57%

  • Presidential Candidate: MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri*
    Party: Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P)
    Valid Votes Received: 31,569,104
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 26.61%

  • Presidential Candidate: General WIRANTO
    Party: Federation of Functional Groups (Golkar)
    Valid Votes Received: 26,286,788
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 22.15%

  • Presidential Candidate: Amien RAIS
    Party: National Mandate Party (PAN)
    Valid Votes Received: 17,392,931
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 14.66%

  • Presidential Candidate: Hamzah HAZ
    Party: United Development Party (PPP)
    Valid Votes Received: 3,569,861
    Percent of Valid Votes Received: 3.01%


*Note: YUDHOYONO and MEGAWATI will advance to the second round of elections on September 20th.
When was the last election?
  • This is the first direct presidential election in Indonesia. The last presidential elections took place on October 20, 1999. In this election, the the People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) elected Abdurrahman WAHID of the National Awakening Party (PKB) as president. But on July 23, 2001 former Vice President MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri was appointed president due to concerns regarding President WAHID’s health.
Population and number of eligible voters:
  • Population: 238,452,952 (July 2004 estimate)
  • Number of registered voters: 155,048,803
Is there anything unique about this upcoming election that would be of interest to an international audience?
  • This was the first time voters were able to directly elect a president into office. Previously, presidents were elected into office by the People’s Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawarahan Rakyat or MPR).
  • Major issues that surrounded the elections included employment, the economy, government corruption, education, territorial integrity of Indonesia, and security. Other concerns included the need to attract more foreign investments into the country which many analysts viewed as key for Indonesia’s economic recovery.
SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR ELECTION SYSTEMS (IFES)
FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: IFES ELECTIONGUIDE ONLINEexternal link
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