U.S. Edition
COUNTRY Kingdom of Thailand
ELECTION TYPE Parliamentary (House of Representatives)
DATE April 2, 2006
At stake in this election:
  • 500 seats in the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon)
Description of government structure:
  • Chief of State: King BHUMIBOL Adulyadej
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister THAKSIN Shinawatra
  • Assembly: Thailand has a bicameral National Assembly (Rathasapha) consisting of the Senate (Wuthisapha) with 200 seats and the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon) with 500 seats.
Description of electoral system:
  • The monarchy is hereditary.
  • In the Senate (Wuthisapha), 200 members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms. In the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon), 400 members are elected on a single-member constituency basis and 100 members are elected through party-list proportional representation; all serve four-year terms.
Main parties in the parliamentary race:
  • Party: Thai Rak Thai Party (TRT)
    Leader: THAKSIN Shinawatra
    Seats won in last election: 376
Note: On February 27, Thailand’s main opposition parties – the Democrat Party (Phak Prachatipat - PP), the Thai Nation Party (Phak Chart Thai - PCT) and the People’s Party (Mahachon Party - MP) - announced that they would not field any candidate in the April 2 election. They had demanded political reforms, demands that Prime Minister THAKSIN did not accept.
When was the last election for the House of Representatives?
  • The last election for the House of Representatives was held on February 6, 2005.
Population and number of registered voters:
  • Population: 62,418,054 (December 31, 2005)
  • Number of registered voters: 45,232,145 (April 2, 2006)
Of interest:
  • Prime Minister THAKSIN called snap elections after thousands of protesters rallied in February to ask for his resignation following a controversial sale of his family’ s telecom conglomerate Shin Corp to Singaporean investors. His critics claim that sale was engineered so that Prime Minister THAKSIN’s family avoided paying capital gains tax.

  • Elections for the Senate will also be held on April 19. Political parties are not allowed to run for seats in the Senate.
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