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World - Europe

NATO says bridge was legitimate target

The Varvarin bridge collapsed on Sunday after NATO missiles slammed into it

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Yugoslavia says civilians killed

May 31, 1999
Web posted at: 8:47 a.m. EDT (1247 GMT)

In this story:

NATO says Yugoslav troops on the move

Diplomacy hinges on details

The G-8 plan, with a NATO twist

To pause or not to pause?


BRUSSELS, Belgium (CNN) -- NATO said its planes were justified in bombing a bridge in central Serbia, but Yugoslav officials said Monday that 12 civilians were killed in that attack and more died in other raids.

Yugoslavia said more than 30 people died in NATO air raids Sunday and Monday, including those killed in a raid Sunday on the Varvarin bridge over the Velika Morava River.

"This was a major line of communication and a designated and legitimate target," NATO said in a statement from its supreme commander, Gen. Wesley Clark.

The alliance said it was unable to confirm civilian casualties from the attack on the bridge, but said it does not intentionally attack noncombatants. As Yugoslav news reports play up reports of civilian deaths, however, many Serbs don't believe it.

Those reports continued Monday as Yugoslavia's Beta news agency said at least 20 people were killed when NATO bombs hit a sanatorium and retirement home in Surdulica, in southeastern Serbia.

Despite the attacks, Orthodox Christians in Serbia celebrated Dukhovi, the third-holiest day in the Eastern Orthodox calendar. The holiday honors the dead, and the faithful observe it by lighting candles and placing gifts at graves. Some hung wreaths on their doors, hoping to ward off bombs.

The report came as NATO aircraft struck far and wide Sunday night and Monday, heavily bombing the Yugoslav army in Kosovo. Targets included 12 tanks, seven artillery pieces, six armored personnel carriers and two mortar positions, plus other vehicles and troops in the field, NATO said.

Also hit were:
  • Military barracks in six cities, including Belgrade.
  • Oil stocks at Leskovic, Krajelo and Sombor.
  • Ammunition depots at Kosovska Mitrovica, Surdulica, Pristina, Gnjilane and Nis.
  • Airfields at Nis and Ponikve.
  • Radio and television transmitters and relays in nine cities.

NATO says Yugoslav troops on the move

NATO's military spokesman, Maj. Gen. Walter Jertz, said Sunday there were indications that Yugoslav military units were on the move.

"We have reports of relocation and replacement of artillery units, in particular the 203rd battalion operating northwest of Nis, an indication that NATO air force has struck those forces successfully in the past," he said.

NATO spokesman Jamie Shea denied a published report in London that the alliance would consider introducing ground troops into the campaign if it had not succeeded by mid-June.

"I think we are talking about the success of the air campaign, not the defeat of the air campaign," he said.

Diplomacy hinges on details

Shea welcomed Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic's reported acceptance in principle of conditions to end the bombing set forth by the G-8 nations, the seven leading industrial countries and Russia. But NATO remained wary.

"Details are very important here," Shea said. "Anything that means that Belgrade moves towards those five (NATO) conditions is something that we will welcome, but at the same time we will remain cautious, because details in this business are everything."

Orthodox Christians in Serbia honor the dead by lighting candles  

Finnish President Marrti Ahtisaari, who serves as the European Union envoy to Yugoslavia and accompanied Russian envoy Viktor Chernomyrdin to Belgrade last week, said a Kosovo peacekeeping operation would be similar to another in the Balkans.

"We are talking about an operation that resembles the one in Bosnia-Herzegovina," Ahtisaari said on "Late Edition."

The G-8 plan, with a NATO twist

Shea reiterated that any peacekeeping force introduced in Kosovo must be controlled by NATO -- a provision not outlined in the G-8 proposal that Milosevic reportedly agreed to in principle.

"The refugees will not move unless they see a very strong NATO presence in that force," he said. "We know fully well that only a very strong NATO force will be able to provide the security that's necessary for the reconstruction of Kosovo."

Clark said any move toward peace by Milosevic was prompted by the airstrikes.

"This winning of the air campaign is what's propelling the more or less frantic diplomatic efforts that President Milosevic is attempting to engage in now in an effort to get a bombing pause. So it's clear which way this campaign is going," he said.

To pause or not to pause?

Clark dismissed suggestions NATO should halt the bombing, which some NATO critics contend has stymied diplomatic efforts, in particular those by Russia.

"It will give them a chance to reconstitute and refit their forces. It will raise the risk to our NATO pilots when we resume operations over Kosovo," Clark said.

A top Yugoslav official said NATO has other reasons for not stopping the bombing.

"The insistence of the continuance of the bombing is crystal clear, that they are opposed to a peaceful resolution of the problem," said Vladislav Jovanovic, Yugoslavia's charge d'affaires to the United Nations.

"They are still decided to win one unwinnable and unauthorized war." Jovanovic said on "Late Edition."

"This is very bad because it is an ominous sign that peace efforts ... have very powerful enemies in NATO and in some circuits of the U.S. government," he said.

Meanwhile, NATO plans to again boost its air forces in the Balkans. The deployment of 68 more aircraft beginning next week will bring to 769 the number of U.S. aircraft operating in the Balkans, Pentagon officials said. NATO forces will have 1,089 aircraft when the deployment is completed.

Britain plans to redeploy Tornado fighter-bombers from Germany to the French island of Corsica to shorten the flying distance to Yugoslavia.

Correspondents Walter Rodgers, Matthew Chance and Jonathan Karl contributed to this report.

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Extensive list of Kosovo-related sites:
  • Kosovo

  • Federal Republic of Yugoslavia official site
      • Kesovo and Metohija facts
  • Serbia Ministry of Information
  • Serbia Now! News

  • Kosova Crisis Center
  • Kosova Liberation Peace Movement
  • Kosovo - from

  • NATO official site
  • BosniaLINK - U.S. Dept. of Defense
  • U.S. Navy images from Operation Allied Force
  • U.K. Ministry of Defence - Kosovo news
  • U.K. Royal Air Force - Kosovo news
  • Jane's Defence - Kosovo Crisis

Resettlement Agencies Helping Kosovars in U.S.:
  • Church World Service
  • Episcopal Migration Ministries
  • Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society
  • Iowa Department of Human Services
  • International Rescue Committee
  • Immigration and Refugee Services of America
  • Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service
  • United States Catholic Conference

  • World Relief
  • Doctors without borders
  • U.S. Agency for International Development (Kosovo aid)
  • Doctors of the World
  • InterAction
  • International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
  • International Committee of the Red Cross
  • Kosovo Humanitarian Disaster Forces Hundreds of Thousands from their Homes
  • Catholic Relief Services
  • Kosovo Relief
  • ReliefWeb: Home page
  • The Jewish Agency for Israel
  • Mercy International

  • Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty
  • Independent Yugoslav radio stations B92
  • Institute for War and Peace Reporting
  • United States Information Agency - Kosovo Crisis

  • Expanded list of related sites on Kosovo
  • 1997 view of Kosovo from space - Eurimage
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