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World - Europe

Text of Kosovo military technical agreement

June 9, 1999
Web posted at: 8:20 PM EDT (0020 GMT)

Military Technical Agreement Between the International Security Force (KFOR) and the Governments of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia. Article I

General Obligations

1. The parties to this agreement reaffirm the document presented by President Ahtisaari to President Milosevic and approved by the Serb Parliament and the federal government on June 3, 1999, to include deployment in Kosovo under U.N. auspices of effective international civil and security presences. The parties further note that the U.N. Security Council is prepared to adopt a resolution, which has been introduced, regarding these presences.

2. The state governmental authorities of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia understand and agree that the international security force (KFOR) will deploy following the adoption of the UNSCR referred to in paragraph 1 and operate without hindrance within Kosovo and with the authority to take all necessary action to establish and maintain a secure environment for all citizens of Kosovo and otherwise carry out its mission. They further agree to comply with all of the obligations of this agreement and to facilitate the deployment and operation of this force.

3. For purposes of the agreement, the following expressions shall have the meanings as described below:

a. "The parties" are those signatories to the agreement.

b. "Authorities" means the appropriate responsible individual, agency, or organization of the parties.

c. "FRY forces" includes all of the FRY and Republic of Serbia personnel and organizations with a military capability. This includes regular army and naval forces, armed civilian groups, associated paramilitary groups, air forces, national guards, border police, army reserves, military police, intelligence services, federal and Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs local, special, riot and anti-terrorist police, and any other groups or individuals so designated by the international security force (KFOR) commander.

d. The Air Safety Zone (ASZ) is defined as a 25-kilometer zone that extends beyond the Kosovo province border into the rest of FRY territory. It includes the airspace above that 25-kilometer zone.

e. The Ground Safety Zone (GSZ) is defined as a 5-kilometer zone that extends beyond the Kosovo province border into the rest of FRY territory. It includes the terrain within that 5-kilometer zone.

f. Entry Into Force Day (EIF Day) is defined as the day this Agreement is signed.

4. The purposes of these obligations are as follows:

a. To establish a durable cessation of hostilities, under no circumstances shall any forces of the FRY and the Republic of Serbia enter into, re-enter, or remain within the territory of Kosovo or the Ground Safety Zone (GSZ) and the Air Safety Zone (ASZ) described in paragraph 3, Article I without the prior express consent of the international security force (KFOR) commander. Local police will be allowed to remain in the GSZ.

The above paragraph is without prejudice to the agreed return of FRY and Serbian personnel, which will be the subject of a subsequent separate agreement as provided for in paragraph 6 of the document mentioned in paragraph 1 of this article.

b. To provide for the support and authorization of the international security force (KFOR) and in particular to authorize the international security force (KFOR) to take such actions as are required, including the use of necessary force, to ensure compliance with this agreement and protection of the international security force (KFOR), and to contribute to a secure environment for the international civil implementation presence, and other international organizations, agencies, and nongovernmental organizations (details in Appendix B).

Article II

Cessation of hostilities

1. The FRY forces shall immediately, upon entry into force (EIF) of this agreement, refrain from committing any hostile or provocative acts of any type against any person in Kosovo and will order armed forces to cease all such activities. They shall not encourage, organize or support hostile or provocative demonstrations.

2. Phased withdrawal of FRY forces (ground): The FRY agrees to a phased withdrawal of all FRY forces from Kosovo to locations in Serbia outside Kosovo. FRY forces will mark and clear minefields, booby traps and obstacles. As they withdraw, FRY forces will clear all lines of communication by removing all mines, demolitions, booby traps, obstacles, and charges. They will also mark all sides of all minefields. International security forces (KFOR) entry and deployment into Kosovo will be synchronized. The phased withdrawal of FRY forces from Kosovo will be in accordance with the sequence outlined below:

a. By EIF plus one day, FRY forces located in Zone 3 will have vacated, via designated routes, that zone to demonstrate compliance (depicted on the map at Appendix A to the agreement). Once it is verified that FRY forces have complied with this subparagraph and with paragraph 1 of this article, NATO airstrikes will be suspended. The suspension will continue provided that the obligations of this agreement are fully complied with, and provided that the UNSC adopts a resolution concerning the deployment of the international security force (KFOR) so rapidly that a security gap can be avoided.

b. By EIF plus six days, all FRY forces in Kosovo will have vacated Zone 1 (depicted on the map at Appendix A to the agreement). Establish liaison teams with the KFOR commander in Pristina.

c. By EIF plus nine days, all FRY Forces in Kosovo will have vacated Zone 2 (depicted on map at Appendix A to this agreement).

d. By EIF plus 11 days, all FRY forces in Kosovo will have vacated Zone 3 (depicted on map at Appendix A to this agreement).

e. By EIF plus 11 days, all FRY Forces in Kosovo will have completed their withdrawal from Kosovo (depicted on map at Appendix A to this agreement) to locations in Serbia outside Kosovo, and not within the 5 km GSZ. At the end of the sequence (EIF plus 11), the senior FRY forces commanders responsible for the withdrawing forces shall confirm in writing to the international security force (KFOR) commander that the FRY forces have complied and completed the phased withdrawal. The international security force (KFOR) commander may approve specific requests for exceptions to the phased withdrawal. The bombing campaign will terminate on complete withdrawal of FRY forces as provided under Article II. The international security force (KFOR) shall retain, as necessary, authority to enforce compliance with this agreement.

f. The authorities of the FRY and the Republic of Serbia will cooperate fully with international security force (KFOR) in its verification of the withdrawal of forces from Kosovo and beyond the ASZ/GSZ.

g. FRY armed forces withdrawing in accordance with Appendix A, i.e. in designated assembly areas or withdrawing on designated routes, will not be subject to air attack.

h. The international security force (KFOR) will provide appropriate control of the borders of FRY in Kosovo with Albania and FYROM (Turkey recognizes Macedonia by its constitutional name) until the arrival of the civilian mission of the U.N.

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