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World - Europe

Returning refugees find gruesome remains in wrecked Kosovo

Skull
The pile of bones in Kosovo grows, adding to the evidence for war crimes investigators

 MILITARY PLAN:
Focus on
Kosovo
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Interactive INTERACTIVE
KFOR enters Kosovo

NATO rolls into Kosovo
 ALSO:
U.S., Russia extend talks on Russian role in KFOR

Kosovo refugees ignore dangers to return home

U.S., France won't rebuild Yugoslavia if Milosevic stays

China rejects U.S. explanation of embassy bombing

 MESSAGE BOARD:
Crisis in Kosovo
 IN-DEPTH SPECIAL:
Focus on Kosovo
 

June 17, 1999
Web posted at: 9:04 p.m. EDT (0104 GMT)


In this story:

Yugoslav troop withdrawal ahead of schedule

Possible mass grave revealed near Pec

RELATED STORIES, SITES icon



PRISTINA, Yugoslavia (CNN) -- Convoys of refugees rolling into Kosovo on the heels of NATO peacekeepers uncovered more grisly evidence of atrocities Thursday, rapidly lengthening a list of horrors blamed on retreating Yugoslav forces.

The growing number of reports of mass graves and burned houses in Kosovo put increased pressure on the NATO-led Kosovo implementation force, known as KFOR, to defend Serbs from angry Kosovars seeking retribution.

Meanwhile, U.S. and Russian negotiators in Helsinki, Finland, extended talks on incorporating Russia's role in KFOR. U.S. Defense Secretary William Cohen said two days of meetings had made "great progress" but that the two sides had not yet finalized an agreement.

KFOR spokesmen said Thursday that the withdrawal of Yugoslav troops from the Serbian province was proceeding ahead of schedule. But many Serb civilians are flooding out of Kosovo as well, fearing the absence of Yugoslav security forces leaves them vulnerable to ethnic Albanian revenge.

Clergy from a historic Serbian Orthodox monastery in Srbica, about 40 kilometers (25 miles) west of Pristina, said Kosovo Liberation Army fighters desecrated the religious site and terrorized a priest and several nuns for four days, from Sunday to Wednesday.

French peacekeepers put the Devic monastery under guard and sought to reassure nervous Serbs that they could protect them.

The 15th-century monastery is one of the shrines from which the Serbian nation draws its cultural identity. Part of the agreement that ended NATO's 11-week bombing campaign provides for a handful of Yugoslav troops to return to the province later to protect sites like Devic.

Yugoslav troop withdrawal ahead of schedule

About 15,000 troops from NATO countries have gone into Kosovo since the end of fighting a week ago, said Lt. Col. Robin Clifford, KFOR's spokesman in Pristina. At the same time, 35,000 Yugoslav army and Serb special police troops have left.

That puts them ahead of the schedule set by the cease-fire agreement, which demands that all Yugoslav troops leave Kosovo by midnight Sunday.

Fearing reprisals from the hundreds of thousands of ethnic Albanians driven out during NATO's air war against Yugoslavia, about 50,000 Serbs already have fled the province as their former neighbors return.

KFOR commander Lt. Gen. Mike Jackson and Serbian Orthodox leader Patriarch Pavle have urged them to stay, and Clifford said the Serb exodus had slowed.

KFOR will protect "all the ordinary, decent citizens of Kosovo, regardless of their ethnic background or religious persuasion," Clifford said.

"I have also spoken to those who say they are perfectly content to say here, certainly those here in Pristina, as long as KFOR troops are here to protect them," he said.

Torture
Possible instruments of torture were found in the cellar of Serbia's special police headquarters in Pristina  

KFOR troops have had several encounters with the KLA, including one Wednesday in which U.S. Marines disarmed a group of 16 guerrillas. The newest reports of KLA anti-Serb activities came as reports surfaced of a possible agreement among rebel leaders to lay down their arms.

Clifford said he could not comment on any possible agreement with the KLA, but said, "We view any actions by the KLA -- or any other armed bands of paramilitaries or armed groups that cause friction or raise tensions -- as being entirely unacceptable."

Possible mass grave revealed near Pec

Pavle planned to stay in Pec, in southern Kosovo, in an effort to reassure Serbs and convince them to remain in the region Serbs consider the cradle of their society. But Pec was largely a ghost town Thursday, with only about 200 of its prewar population of 90,000 remaining.

During the war, NATO accused Serb-led troops of carrying out a campaign of terror against ethnic Albanian civilians, and Kosovo Albanians are now bringing numerous graves to the attention of NATO troops and news organizations.

In a village near Pec, residents showed CNN a site where they said 35 people were killed by Serb forces.

Bag
A man in the town of Cara Luka collects the bones of relatives he says were killed by Yugoslav forces  

The villagers said that on May 14, Yugoslav troops herded the men into four houses and set them on fire. Three men lived to tell the story, and Italian troops secured the grave sites for international investigators.

Elsewhere, in a village near Prizren, an ethnic Albanian man showed CNN's Christiane Amanpour the charred rubble of a house where he said 26 family members had stayed behind. Inside the debris, numerous sets of bones -- spines, rib cages and cracked-open skulls -- littered the floor.

British officials said as many as 10,000 ethnic Albanians may have been killed in Kosovo, their remains buried at more than 100 sites. Clifford acknowledged the discoveries, but stopped short of attributing them entirely to massacres.

"Let's not forget there has been a war here, and people die in wars and people are buried in wars," he said.

In addition to grave sites, British troops participating in the KFOR peacekeeping mission have discovered what Foreign Office Minister Geoff Hoon called a torture center in the cellar of Serbia's special police headquarters in Pristina, Kosovo's provincial capital.

And as Yugoslav troops leave Kosovo, they are burning houses and occasionally shooting people as they go, said Adm. Ian Garnett, Britain's chief of joint operations.

In the last days of the war, a U.N. tribunal charged Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic and four top officials with war crimes in connection with the violence in Kosovo.

Correspondents Richard Blystone, Mike Boettcher, Christiane Amanpour and Jim Clancy contributed to this report.


RELATED STORIES:
The tide turns: Kosovo Albanians return home as Serbs flee
June 16, 1999
U.S., Russia near deal on Russian troops in KFOR
June 16, 1999
More U.S. troops enter Kosovo
June 15, 1999
Ethnic tidal waves rush in and out of Kosovo
June 15, 1999

RELATED SITES:
Yugoslavia:
  • Federal Republic of Yugoslavia official site
      • Kesovo and Metohija facts
  • Serbia Ministry of Information
  • Serbia Now! News

Kosovo:
  • Kosova Crisis Center
  • Kosovo - from Albanian.com

Military:
  • NATO official site
  • BosniaLINK - U.S. Dept. of Defense
  • U.S. Navy images from Operation Allied Force
  • U.K. Ministry of Defence - Kosovo news
  • U.K. Royal Air Force - Kosovo news
  • Jane's Defence - Kosovo Crisis


Resettlement Agencies Helping Kosovars in U.S.:
  • Church World Service
  • Episcopal Migration Ministries
  • Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society
  • Iowa Department of Human Services
  • International Rescue Committee
  • Immigration and Refugee Services of America
  • Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service
  • United States Catholic Conference

Relief:
  • World Relief
  • Doctors without borders
  • U.S. Agency for International Development (Kosovo aid)
  • Doctors of the World
  • InterAction
  • International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
  • International Committee of the Red Cross
  • Kosovo Humanitarian Disaster Forces Hundreds of Thousands from their Homes
  • Catholic Relief Services
  • Kosovo Relief
  • ReliefWeb: Home page
  • The Jewish Agency for Israel
  • Mercy International
  • UNHCR


Media:
  • Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty
  • Independent Yugoslav radio stations B92
  • Institute for War and Peace Reporting
  • United States Information Agency - Kosovo Crisis

Other:
  • Expanded list of related sites on Kosovo
  • 1997 view of Kosovo from space - Eurimage
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