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Thursday, January 15, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "We just saw an explosion up ahead out here at about 16,000 feet or something like that. It blew up in the air and then we saw two fireballs go down to the water."

    -- First report of the explosion of TWA Flight 800

    Today's events

  • About 12,000 Catholics are expected to attend Convocation 2000, a three-day workshop in Washington aimed at helping prepare for the year 2000.

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    On the horizon

  • On Friday, January 16, President Clinton plans to meet with the presidents of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to sign a Charter of Partnership.

  • On Saturday, January 17, NAACP holds Summit on Employment Discrimination in the Federal Workplace.

  • On Sunday, January 18, the Golden Globe awards are presented in Los Angeles.

  • On Monday, January 19, the Conference on Disarmament holds its first session in Geneva.

  • On Tuesday, January 20, the trial for Melissa Drexler, a 19-year-old accused of killing her newborn after giving birth during her high school prom, is scheduled to start.

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    On this day

  • In 69, Servius Sulpicius Galba, Roman Emperor in succession to Nero, was assassinated by the Praetorian guard in the Roman Forum.

  • In 1535, in England, Henry VIII became Supreme Head of the Church under the Act of Supremacy.

  • In 1552, the Treaty of Chambord was signed by Henry II of France and several German princes including Maurice of Saxony who ceded Metz, Toul and Verdun to France.

  • In 1559, Elizabeth Tudor, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn was crowned at Westminster Abbey as Elizabeth I.

  • In 1582, the peace of Jam-Zapolski was signed between Russia and Poland with Russia ceding Livonia and Estonia to Poland.

  • In 1759, the British Museum opened its doors at Montague House in London.

  • In 1777, Vermont declared its independence from Britain and established a republic, which lasted until the state joined the Union in 1791.

  • In 1870, a donkey first appeared in a cartoon to symbolize the U.S. Democratic Party. Published in Harper's Weekly, it criticized ex-secretary of war Edwin Stanton and was captioned "A Live Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion"

  • In 1896, U.S. photographer Matthew Brady, famed for his political portraits and his photographs of the American Civil War, died.

  • In 1910, the status and name of the French Congo was changed to French Equatorial Africa.

  • In 1912, the first aerial propaganda leaflets to be dropped by plane were used during the Italo-Turkish war. Addressed to the Arabs of Tripolitania, they offered a gold medal and sack of wheat to every man who surrendered.

  • In 1919, German Communist leader Rosa Luxembourg was murdered along with Karl Liebknecht after the failure of their uprising in Berlin.

  • In 1925, Leon Trostky wrote to the Central Committee resigning from his duties as president of the Revolutionary Military Council.

  • In 1929, U.S. civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta; he won the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize.

  • In 1935, Grigori Zinoviev and 18 other members of the "Moscow Centre" were tried in Leningrad for their part in the assassination of Sergei Kirov, secretary of the party committee.

  • In 1964, Jack Teagarden, U.S. jazz musician, vocalist and bandleader, died.

  • In 1969, Soviet three-man Soyuz 5 spacecraft was launched on a mission to dock with Soyuz 4, which was launched the previous day.

  • In 1970, in Nigeria, Biafran forces under General Effiong formerly surrendered to General Yakabu Gowon.

  • In 1971, the Aswan Dam was opened by President Sadat of Egypt and President Podgorny of the Soviet Union.

  • In 1972, Margrethe II was proclaimed Queen of Denmark following the death of her father Frederick IX.

  • In 1973, Golda Meir became the first Israeli prime minister to be received by the pope.

  • In 1973, U.S. President Nixon ordered the termination of all military attacks against North Vietnam after progress in the Paris peace talks.

  • In 1990, the Bulgarian parliament formally scrapped the Communist Party's monopoly on power, clearing the way for multi-party democracy.

  • In 1994, Turkmenistan President Saparmurat Niyazov won an extra five years in power in a referendum.

  • In 1996, Greek Socialist Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou resigned for health reasons.

  • In 1996, King Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho died in a car accident. His wife, Queen Mamohato, took over as regent.

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    The British Museum first opened its doors on this day in 1759. Discover the treasures of one of the world's most important museums.


    Holidays and more

  • Actor Lloyd Bridges is 85.

  • Musician and actress Charo is 47.

  • Actor Chad Lowe is 30.

  • Actress Margaret O'Brien is 61.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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