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Tuesday, January 20, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "Does this mean that size counts?"

    -- 'Titanic' director James Cameron

    Today's events

  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Bill Clinton meet in Washington, D.C.

  • Major League Baseball salary arbitration figures are exchanged.

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    On the horizon

  • On Wednesday, January 21, Pope John Paul II begins his first visit to Cuba.

  • On Thursday, January 22, National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Action League chapters hold events marking the 25th anniversary of the Supreme Court's Roe vs. Wade decision.

  • On Friday, January 23, the formal sentencing for Mir Aimal Kasi is to be handed down. In November, a jury recommended he receive the death penalty for fatally shooting two CIA employees in January 1993.

  • On Saturday, January 24, the National Research Council conducts a workshop on failed stars and super planets.

  • On Sunday, January 25, the Denver Broncos and defending champ Green Bay Packers battle it out in the Super Bowl in San Diego.

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    On this day

  • In 1265, in England, the first parliament to be attended by elected knights of the shires and burgesses met under Simon de Montfort.

  • In 1320, Wladislaw I, also known as Wladislaw the Short, was crowned king of Poland. In defeating the Knights of the Teutonic Order, he created strong foundations for one Polish nation.

  • In 1327, King Edward II of England was forced to abdicate by powerful barons in favor of his son Edward III.

  • In 1612, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor from 1576, died; he was unable to reconcile Roman Catholic and Protestant factions which eventually led to the Thirty Years War.

  • In 1649, British king Charles I was brought before a high court of justice at Westminster Hall on charges of treason following the civil war against parliamentarian forces.

  • In 1839, the confederation of Peru and Bolivia invaded Chile and was heavily beaten by the Chileans at the battle of Yungan. This defeat led to the break-up of the confederation.

  • In 1841, after lengthy talks between Britain and China concerning the Opium Wars, the convention of Chuanbi was signed by which Hong Kong island was ceded to the British.

  • In 1918, the German light cruiser Breslau was sunk by mines outside the Dardanelles. Only 162 of 370 crew members survived.

  • In 1936, King George V of Britain died. He was succeeded by Edward VIII, who caused a crisis later the same year by abdicating.

  • In 1942, Nazi leaders of the security police and various ministries met at the Wannsee conference to set up the bureaucratic apparatus for the Final Solution and complete the systematic destruction of the Jews.

  • In 1944, in a short air raid on Berlin, the British air force dropped some 2,300 tons of bombs.

  • In 1945, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was inaugurated to his record fourth term in office as president of the United States.

  • In 1958, Dr. Vivian Fuchs who led the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic expedition arrived at the South Pole, the half-way point of their journey, with his 11-member team.

  • In 1961, John F. Kennedy was inaugurated as the 35th president of the United States. He was elected by the closest vote ever and was the youngest presidential nominee elected.

  • In 1973, Richard M. Nixon was sworn in as president for a second term; during the Watergate scandal, he became the first president to resign from office.

  • In 1973, Dr. Amilcar Cabral, Guinea-Bissau Nationalist leader, was assassinated in Conakry. He founded the PAIGC (African Independence Party of Guinea and Cape Verde), the organization that fought Portuguese colonial rule.

  • In 1981, Ronald Reagan became president of the United States at the age of 69 and 349 days, the oldest president to take office.

  • In 1981, 52 American hostages seized in their embassy in Tehran were released after 444 days in captivity.

  • In 1984, Johnny Weissmuller, U.S. athlete and actor, died. Olympic swimming champion who set many records, he was famed for his film appearances as Tarzan.

  • In 1987, Terry Waite, the Archbishop of Canterbury's special envoy in Lebanon, was kidnapped. He was not released until November 1991.

  • In 1996, Palestinians voted for the first time in elections that consolidated PLO chief Yasser Arafat's rule of the West Bank and Gaza under a peace deal with Israel. He became the first democratically-elected leader of the Palestinian people with 88.1 percent of the vote.

  • In 1996, Mohammed Hamed Abu el-Nasr, leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's largest and most influential Islamist organization, died aged 83.

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    This date in history has been an important one in American politics. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan were all sworn in on this day. Brush up on your presidential knowledge with the Internet Public Library's Presidents of the United States site.


    Holidays and more

  • It is Foundation Day in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

  • It is National Heroes Day in Cape Verde Islands and Guinea-Bissau.

  • It is Martyrdom of Imam Ali Day in Iran.

  • It is Army Day in Mali.

  • Former astronaut Buzz Aldrin is 68.

  • U.S. Sen. Paul Coverdell is 59.

  • Actress Shelley Fabares is 56.

  • Comedian Arte Johnson is 64.

  • Actor DeForest Kelley is 78.

  • Actor Lorenzo Lamas is 40.

  • Director David Lynch is 52.

  • Actress Patricia Neal is 72.

  • Singer Slim Whitman is 74.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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