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Friday, January 30, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "In the back of your mind you think this kind of thing might happen, but you sure don't expect it."

    -- Birmingham, Alabama, resident Gay Watson

    Today's events

  • The International Olympics Committee executive board meets in Nagano, Japan.

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    On the horizon

  • On Saturday, January 31, the National Religious Broadcasters Association holds its annual meeting in Washington.

  • On Sunday, February 1, the NFL Pro Bowl is held in Honolulu.

  • On Monday, February 2, President Clinton is scheduled to submit his budget to Congress.

  • On Tuesday, February 3, the court-martial for former Army Sergeant Major Gene McKinney on sexual misconduct charges is scheduled.

  • On Wednesday, February 4, Britain's Prime Minister Tony Blair begins a four-day visit to the United States.

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    On this day

  • In 1606, Sir Everard Digby, Thomas Winter, John Grant and Thomas Bates, conspirators in the "Gunpowder Plot" to blow up Britain's Houses of Parliament, were executed.

  • In 1648, treaties were signed ending the Eighty Years War between Spain and the United Provinces of the Netherlands.

  • In 1649, King Charles I was beheaded in London for treason.

  • In 1790, the first purpose-built lifeboat, The Original, was launched on the River Tyne in England.

  • In 1835, President Andrew Jackson survived the first-ever assassination attempt on a U.S. president.

  • In 1858, the Halle Orchestra was founded by Charles Halle in Manchester, England.

  • In 1889, Crown Prince Franz Karl Josef Rudolf and his mistress, Marie Vetsera, committed suicide at the imperial hunting lodge of Mayerling, Austria.

  • In 1902, Britain and Japan signed a treaty providing for the independence of China and Korea.

  • In 1933, German President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler chancellor. On the same date in 1937, Hitler told the Reichstag that Germany was withdrawing its signature from the Versailles Treaty.

  • In 1937, 13 leading Communists were sentenced to death for participating in a plot, allegedly led by Leon Trotsky, to overthrow the Soviet regime and assassinate its leaders.

  • In 1943, Admiral Karl Doenitz was appointed commander-in-chief of the German Navy in place of Admiral Erich Raeder.

  • In 1943, the British Air Force carried out the first daylight bombing raid on Berlin.

  • In 1945, the Duke of Gloucester became Australia's first royal governor-general.

  • In 1948, Orville Wright, youngest of the American brothers and aviation pioneers who made the first flight, died.

  • In 1948, Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule, was assassinated by a Hindu extremist.

  • In 1963, Francis-Jean-Marcel Poulenc, French composer and pianist, died. Poulenc had great success with the opera "Les Biches."

  • In 1964, a coup d'etat took place in South Vietnam, led by General Nguyen Khanh, displacing General Duong Van Minh.

  • In 1965, the state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill was held in London.

  • In 1967, Pope Paul VI met Soviet President Podgorny, the first Soviet head of state to visit the Vatican.

  • In 1968, Viet Cong guerrillas and North Vietnamese soldiers launched the Tet (New Year) offensive, targeting more than 100 towns and cities in South Vietnam; in Saigon they invaded the grounds of the U.S. embassy.

  • In 1970, Lesotho's prime minister, Chief Leabua Jonathan, declared a state of emergency and suspended the constitution, claiming malpractices had been discovered in recent elections.

  • In 1972, British soldiers shot dead 13 people in a banned Catholic civil rights march in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, in a clash known as "Bloody Sunday."

  • In 1972, Pakistan left the Commonwealth in protest against imminent recognition of Bangladesh by Britain, Australia and New Zealand.

  • In 1973, in the United States, G. Gordon Liddy and James McCord were convicted of burglary, wire-tapping and attempted bugging of the Democratic headquarters at the Watergate building in Washington.

  • In 1979, in a referendum, white Rhodesians voted by a majority of 85 percent in favor of a new constitution aimed at black majority rule.

  • In 1989, Lebanon's warring Shi'ite groups, the Syrian-backed Amal militia and the pro-Iranian Hizbollah signed a peace accord, ending a year-long feud.

  • In 1992, Irish Prime Minister Charles Haughey announced he would resign after being accused of telephone-tapping.

  • In 1992, Argentina opened the files on scores of Nazis who fled to South America after World War II -- a move Jewish leaders said would help the hunt for war criminals.

  • In 1994, the United States granted Sinn Fein President Gerry Adams a visa to attend a New York conference on Northern Ireland.

  • In 1996, Hasan Muratovic was formally appointed prime minister of Bosnia Herzegovina's central government.

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    Watergate, a scandal of the '70s involving Richard Nixon, has resurfaced in the news recently. It was on this day in 1973 that G. Gordon Liddy and James McCord were convicted of burglary, wire-tapping and attempted bugging of the Democratic headquarters. Read more about it in this comprehensive site.


    Holidays and more

  • Muslims around the world celebrate the end of Ramadan.

  • Actress Brett Butler is 40.

  • Former U.S. Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney is 57.

  • Musician Phil Collins is 47.

  • Actor Charles S. Dutton is 47.

  • Actor Gene Hackman is 68.

  • Comedian Dick Martin is 76.

  • Indiana Gov. Frank O'Bannon is 68.

  • Actress Vanessa Redgrave is 61.

  • Singer Jody Watley is 37.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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