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Monday, March 30, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "We welcome American aid. It has been useful in helping us address questions of poverty in our country. But we resist any attempt by any country to impose conditions on our freedom of trade."

    -- South African President Nelson Mandela

    Today's events

  • The U.S. Supreme Court will decide whether discrimination against HIV-positive people violates the Americans with Disabilities Act.

  • The University of Kentucky and Utah square off in the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship.

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    On the horizon

  • On Tuesday, March 31, Major League Baseball season opens.

  • Wednesday, April 1, is April Fool's Day.

  • On Thursday, April 2, the Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland opens a new exhibit -- the "Ultimate Jukebox."

  • On Friday, April 3, People Against Racism is to hold its first annual conference on the elimination of what it deems racist mascots.

  • On Saturday, April 4, Memphis, Tennessee, holds all-day events commemorating the 30th anniversary of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination.

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    On this day

  • In 1135, Moses Maimonides, Jewish philosopher, born in Spain. Regarded as the foremost intellectual figure of medieval Judaism, his works have been translated into many languages.

  • In 1406, on his way to France, James I of Scotland was captured at Flamborough Head and imprisoned by King Henry IV of England.

  • In 1746, Spanish painter Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes born. At first influenced by Tiepolo and the Neapolitans, he turned to painting realistic scenes from everyday Spanish life.

  • In 1806, Joseph Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon, was proclaimed king of Naples.

  • In 1814, Britain and its allies against Napoleon Bonaparte marched in triumph into Paris.

  • In 1842, the first surgical operation using an anaesthetic was carried out by Dr. Crawford Long of Jefferson, Georgia.

  • In 1853, Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter associated with post-impressionism, was born. The Provencal landscape was the focus of many of his best works, "Sunflowers," "The Bridge" and "The Chair and the Pipe."

  • In 1856, the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Crimean War and guaranteeing the integrity of Ottoman Turkey.

  • In 1863, William, Prince of Denmark, was recognized as king of Greece and took the title George I.

  • In 1867, a treaty for the purchase of Alaska from Russia for the sum of $7.2 million, approximately two cents an acre, was submitted to the U.S. Senate.

  • In 1870, U.S. Congress readmitted Texas to the Union after it had seceded in 1861 to join the Confederate States.

  • In 1917, the Russian provisional government accepted the idea of an independent Poland.

  • In 1945, the Baltic Sea port of Danzig, or Gdansk, was captured by the Russians.

  • In 1950, Leon Blum, French statesman and prime minister, died. France's first socialist premier, he presided over the Popular Front coalition government in 1936-37.

  • In 1966, Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami resigned because of protests that he was the only member of the government in parliament.

  • In 1972, the Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act came into force decreeing direct rule from London. Brian Faulkner, prime minister of Northern Ireland, resigned.

  • In 1973, the U.S. military role in Vietnam came to a formal end when the last U.S. prisoner was released and the last soldier withdrew.

  • In 1979, Airey Neave, opposition Conservative spokesman on Northern Ireland, died when a bomb exploded in his car in the House of Commons car park.

  • In 1979, in a two-day referendum, the people of Iran voted overwhelmingly in favor of establishing an Islamic Republic.

  • In 1981, U.S. President Ronald Reagan was shot in the chest by John Hinckley as he left a Washington hotel.

  • In 1986, James Cagney, U.S. screen actor, died. Famed for his roles in the films "Public Enemy" and "Angels with Dirty Faces," he also starred in "Yankee Doodle Dandy" for which he won an Oscar.

  • In 1987, "Sunflowers" by Vincent van Gogh was sold at auction in London for $39.7 million.

  • In 1993, Israel ordered the closure of the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip after Arabs shot dead two policemen.

  • In 1994, the Bosnian parliament voted unanimously to set up a Croat-Muslim federation, ending over a year of war between two of Bosnia's three ethnic factions.

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    The city of Memphis, Tennessee, begins a painful pilgrimage into its past today, remembering the final days of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the most influential champion of civil rights slain here 30 years ago this week. For more, visit Pilgrimage to Memphis.


    Holidays and more

  • Malaysia marks Birthday of the Sultan.

  • It's Spiritual Baptist Liberation Shouter Day in Trinidad and Tobago.

  • Actor John Astin ("The Addams Family") is 68.

  • Actor Warren Beatty ("Bonnie and Clyde") is 60.

  • Musician Eric Clapton is 53.

  • Singer Tracy Chapman is 34.

  • Pop star Celine Dion is 30.

  • Actor Paul Reiser ("Mad About You") is 41.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan

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