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Tuesday, April 14, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "This is the one thing every year I know no matter what else happens, I will do right."

    -- U.S. President Bill Clinton, talking about the annual White House Easter Egg Roll.

    Today's events

  • The winners of the 1998 Pulitzer Prizes will be announced.

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    On the horizon

  • On Wednesday, April 15, income tax returns must be postmarked in the United States.

  • On Thursday, April 16, space shuttle Columbia is scheduled to launch on a nearly 17-day Neurolab mission.

  • On Friday, April 17, former police officer Walter Budzyn is to be sentenced for an involuntary manslaughter conviction in the November 1992 beating death of motorist Malice Green.

  • On Saturday, April 18, the National Football League draft begins.

  • On Sunday, April 19, the Third Big Stinkin' International Improv and Sketch Comedy Festival opens in Austin, Texas.

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    On this day

  • In 1028, Henry III, son of Conrad, was elected king of the Germans.

  • In 1471, in England, the Yorkists under Edward IV defeated the Lancastrians under Warwick at the battle of Barnet; the Earl of Warwick was killed and Edward IV resumed the throne.

  • In 1578, King Philip III of Spain, was born.

  • In 1629, Christiaan Huyghens, Dutch scientist and astronomer, was born. He discovered rings round Saturn and was the first to use a pendulum to regulate a clock.

  • In 1759, Georg Frideric Handel, organist, violinist and composer, died. Among his best known oratorios are "Saul," "Israel in Egypt" and the "Messiah."

  • In 1849, Hungary declared itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.

  • In 1861, at the start of the American Civil War, the battle of Fort Sumter ended after the Confederates under Beuaregard bombarded the fort with 4,000 shells.

  • In 1865, Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States, was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on a visit to the Ford Theater and died the next day. Andrew Johnson became president.

  • In 1890, the Pan American Union was founded by the First International Conference of American States at their meeting in Washington. Known originally as the International Bureau of American Republics, William Elleroy Curtis became its first director.

  • In 1900, French President Emile Loubet opened the Paris International Exhibition; it covered 547 acres and was the biggest of its kind in European history.

  • In 1904, Sir John Gielgud, British classical actor, was born. He made his debut in 1921 and won an Oscar for his appearance in the 1981 Hollywood film "Arthur" playing a butler.

  • In 1907, Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, Haitian president from 1957 until his death in 1971, was born.

  • In 1917, Ludovik Lazarus Zamenhof, creator of the language of Esperanto, died.

  • In 1929, Chadli Benjedid, Algerian president from 1979-92, was born.

  • In 1931, Spain was declared a republic after King Alfonso abdicated and fled the country.

  • In 1932, in New Zealand, civil service pay cuts caused the country's worst ever riots with hundreds injured.

  • In 1945, in Germany near the end of World War II, Gen. Franz Von Papen was captured by allied troops; he was acquitted at the Nuremberg trials.

  • In 1951, Ernest Bevin, British statesman and minister of Labor during World War II, died. A powerful trade union leader before the war, he was foreign secretary after it until he resigned due to ill health a month before his death.

  • In 1962, in Paris, Prime Minister Michel Debre resigned and was succeeded by Georges Pompidou.

  • In 1975, Frederic March, U.S. actor and film star who won an Oscar for "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" and "The Best Years of Our Lives," died.

  • In 1975, the electorate in Sikkim voted overwhelmingly to abolish the monarchy and seek full Indian statehood.

  • In 1981, NASA's space shuttle Columbia made a perfect landing at Edwards Air Force Base on its maiden flight.

  • In 1986, Simone De Beauvoir, French writer whose "The Second Sex" was an early inspiration to the feminist movement, died.

  • In 1989, the Communist Party chief and the prime minister of Soviet Georgia were replaced in a purge of the Republic's leadership after nationalist demonstrations.

  • In 1993, British archaeologists unearthed a 7,000-year-old seafarers village on Dalma Island in the United Arab Emirates. They said it was the first major settlement of the Ubaid period in that area.

  • In 1994, two U.S. F-15 fighter planes shot down two American helicopters over northern Iraq killing 26, in what the Pentagon called a tragic