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Monday, April 20, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Notable
  • Almanac archive
  • "To see the shroud had an enormous effect on me. I don't know how to describe it. That shroud is truly a presence."

    -- Princess Maria Gabriella after viewing the Shroud of Turin

    Today's events

  • The U.S. Senate returns from spring recess.

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    On the horizon

  • On Tuesday, April 21, the United States and North Korea begin the first of five joint operations to recover remains of U.S. servicemen lost during the Korean War.

  • Wednesday, April 22, is Earth Day.

  • Thursday, April 23, is the 6th annual Take Our Daughters to Work Day in the United States.

  • On Friday, April 24, the 1998 American Lung Association/American Thoracic Society International Conference is to begin in Chicago.

  • On Saturday, April 25, Pope John Paul II plans to fast in solidarity with famine victims in North Korea.

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    On this day

  • In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier set sail from St. Malo to explore the North American coastline.

  • In 1653, in England, Oliver Cromwell expelled the Long Parliament for trying to pass the Perpetuation Bill, which would have kept Parliament in the hands of a few members only.

  • In 1657, in the English-Spanish Wars, the English navy under Admiral Robert Blake attacked and destroyed all 16 ships of the Spanish fleet in Santa Cruz harbor, Tenerife, and then destroyed the city.

  • In 1689, the siege of Londonderry began when supporters of James II attacked the city. The population nearly starved to death before the siege was raised on July 30.

  • In 1769, Pontiac, chief of the Ottawa Indians, was murdered by an Illinois Indian. In 1763, he had led a rising against the British garrisons in North America.

  • In 1792, France declared war on Austria, Prussia and Sardinia in the War of the First Coalition.

  • In 1808, Napoleon III, Emperor of France 1852-70, born. After defeat in the Franco-Prussian War, he was deposed and the Third Republic was proclaimed.

  • In 1836, the U.S. Congress separated the western part of Michigan Territory and formed a new territory to be known as Wisconsin.

  • In 1841, "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" by Edgar Allan Poe, considered the first detective story, was published in Graham's Magazine in Philadelphia.

  • In 1889, Adolf Hitler, founder of the National Socialist (Nazi) Party and dictator of Germany 1933-45, born in Austria.

  • In 1893, Joan Miro, Spanish surrealist painter, born. Influenced by primitive Catalan art, Gaudi, Picasso and Gris, his paintings eventually became entirely abstract.

  • In 1893, Harold Lloyd, U.S. comedian, born. A rival to Charlie Chaplin in the silent era of the cinema, he was famed for his stunts in such films as "Safety Last."

  • In 1912, Bram Stoker, Dublin-born writer and author of "Dracula," died.

  • In 1916, Sir Roger Casement, British diplomat who worked to support Irish republicanism, landed in Ireland to incite rebellion against the British; he was captured within hours and hanged for high treason on August 3.

  • In 1943, in World War II, the massacre of Jews in the Warsaw ghetto began.

  • In 1947, King Christian X of Denmark died. His reign was marked by the acknowledgement of Iceland as a separate kingdom in 1919, and as a republic in 1944.

  • In 1984, Britain announced that its administration of Hong Kong would cease in 1997.

  • In 1996, world leaders meeting in Moscow agreed to boost nuclear safety through new cooperation and Ukraine reluctantly confirmed, a decade after the Chernobyl disaster, that it would close down the plant by the year 2000.

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    The Shroud of Turin went on display for public viewing Sunday for the first time in two decades. Many believe the shroud was Jesus Christ's burial cloth. Learn more about the sacred cloth by clicking here.



  • Canada marks St. George's Day.

  • U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens is 78.

  • Singer Luther Vandross is 47.

  • Actress Jessica Lange (Tootsie) is 49.

  • Baseballer Don Mattingly is 37.

  • Actor Joey Lawrence ("Blossom") is 22.

  • Actor David Leland ("Time Bandits") is 51.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan

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