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Tuesday, April 21, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Notable
  • Almanac archive
  • "I guess it's because we just adore each other."

    -- Paul McCartney, when asked why his marriage to Linda McCartney was so strong

    Today's events

  • A U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Washington is scheduled to hear Microsoft's appeal of an earlier order to stop forcing computer manufacturers to bundle Internet Explorer with Windows.

  • The United States and North Korea begin the first of five joint operations to recover remains of U.S. servicemen lost during the Korean War.

  • The U.S. House of Representatives returns from spring recess.

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    On the horizon

  • Wednesday, April 22, is Earth Day.

  • Thursday, April 23, is the 6th annual Take Our Daughters to Work Day in the United States.

  • On Friday, April 24, the 1998 American Lung Association/American Thoracic Society International Conference is to begin in Chicago.

  • On Saturday, April 25, Pope John Paul II plans to fast in solidarity with famine victims in North Korea.

  • Sunday, April 26, is the 12th anniversary of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear accident.

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    On this day

  • In 753 BC, according to the historian Varro, Romulus founded Rome.

  • In 1109, Saint Anselm of Canterbury, one of the founders of medieval scholasticism, died.

  • In 1509, King Henry VII of England, whose accession to the throne in 1485 ended the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York, died.

  • In 1634, Jan van Riebeeck, Dutch naval surgeon, was born; he was best known as the founder of Cape Town (1652), which helped open South Africa for whites.

  • In 1699, French poet and playwright Jean Racine died.

  • In 1792, Joaquin da Silva Xavier, Brazilian national hero, died. Better known as Tiradentes (the Tooth-puller), he led an unsuccessful uprising against Portuguese rule in Brazil and was tried and executed.

  • In 1809, Napoleon's army defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Landshut in Germany.

  • In 1816, Charlotte Bronte, eldest of the three literary sisters, was born. Her publisher rejected her first novel, "The Professor," but she went on to write her masterpiece, "Jane Eyre."

  • In 1836, the Mexicans were defeated by the Texans at the battle of San Jacinto, thus ensuring Texan independence.

  • In 1910, American novelist Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) died. His two masterpieces, "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" and "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," were drawn from his own boyhood experiences.

  • In 1918, Manfred von Richthofen, Germany's top aviator in World War I, was killed in action. Known as the Red Baron, he shot down 80 enemy aircraft.

  • In 1926, Elizabeth II, queen of the United Kingdom since 1952, was born.

  • In 1945, the last of the German troops pulled out of Bologna, Italy; on the same day, Russian troops reached the suburbs of Berlin.

  • In 1946, John Maynard Keynes, English economist and journalist, died; he was best known for his theory on the causes of prolonged unemployment.

  • In 1952, Sir Stafford Cripps, British statesman and chancellor of the exchequer, died. As chancellor, his policy of austerity caught the public imagination and led the trade unions to impose a voluntary wage freeze.

  • In 1959, English ballerina Dame Margot Fonteyn was jailed for a day in Panama while the police looked for her Panamanian husband, accused of plotting a coup.

  • In 1960, Brasilia was inaugurated as the new capital of Brazil.

  • In 1961, a French army revolt led by General Maurice Challe began in Algeria.

  • In 1965, the 114-nation U.N. Disarmament Commission resumed talks in New York after a five-year interval.

  • In 1967, a military coup in Athens established the regime of the "Greek Colonels."

  • In 1968, British Conservative politician Enoch Powell made his "rivers of blood" speech, warning of the dangers of immigration.

  • In 1968, Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson resigned and was succeeded by Pierre Trudeau.

  • In 1971, Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, president of Haiti since 1957, died. He ran the country as a tyrannical dictatorship and created a gangster militia known as the Tonton Macoute.

  • In 1975, South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigned after 10 years in office.

  • In 1985, Tancredo Neves, Brazilian president-elect, died on the eve of his swearing-in.

  • In 1989, tens of thousands of students and workers poured into Peking's Tiananmen Square in defiance of official warnings against anti-government protests.

  • In 1990, Erte (Romain de Tirtoff), prolific Russian-born Art Deco designer, died. He created the 1920s sets for America's Ziegfield Folies and France's Folies Bergeres.

  • In 1992, California carried out its first execution in 25 years when double murderer Robert Alton Harris was put to death in the gas chamber.

  • In 1993, Bolivia's Supreme Court sentenced former military dictator Gen. Luis Garcia Meza to 30 years in jail for crimes ranging from mass murder and torture to wholesale fraud against the state.

  • In 1994, a Belfast court cleared Paul Hill of the 1974 murder of a former British soldier, formally absolving him of IRA guerrilla links for which he was wrongfully jailed for 13 years.

  • In 1996, the center-left Olive Tree coalition won the Italian general election, the left's first win since World War II.

  • In 1997, an advance contingent of Chinese troops entered Hong Kong to prepare garrison facilities for the July 1st handover to Chinese rule.

  • In 1997, the ashes of 1960s LSD guru Timothy Leary and "Star Trek" creator Gene Roddenberry were blasted into space in the world's first space funeral.

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    Rome is believed to have been founded on this day in 753 B.C. For a virtual trip back in time, visit the Forum Romanum.



  • Today is Tiradentes Day in Brazil.

  • It is Easter Tuesday in Cyprus.

  • It is De Diego Day in Puerto Rico.

  • Actor Tony Danza ("Who's the Boss") is 47.

  • British Queen Elizabeth II is 72.

  • Actor and talk-show host Charles Grodin ("Beethoven") is 63.

  • Actress and singer Patty LuPone ("Life Goes On") is 49.

  • Actress Andie MacDowell ("Green Card") is 40.

  • Singer Iggy Pop is 51.

  • Actor Anthony Quinn ("Viva Zapata") is 82.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan

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