Wednesday, April 22, 1998
President Clinton's chief Whitewater accuser,
former Judge David Hale, is scheduled to go on trial for state
insurance regulatory violations.
The Academy of Country Music Awards are held in Universal City, California.
On the horizon
Thursday, April 23, is the 6th annual Take Our Daughters
to Work Day in the United States.
On Friday, April 24, the 1998 American Lung Association/American
Thoracic Society International Conference is to begin in Chicago.
On Saturday, April 25, Pope John Paul II plans to fast in solidarity
with famine victims in North Korea.
Sunday, April 26, is the 12th anniversary of the Chernobyl
On Monday, April 27, the American Women in Radio and Television annual awards ceremony is held in New York.
On this day
In 1124, Alexander I, king of Scotland, died. King from 1107, he was succeeded by his brother David.
In 1451, Isabella I, queen of Castille, was born. One of the great Spanish monarchs, she also became queen of Aragon after a civil war in 1479. She was patron of Christopher Columbus.
In 1500, Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral, on a voyage to India, sailed far to the southwest and discovered Brazil, claiming it for Portugal. The land was first visited earlier in the year by a Spaniard, Vicente Yanes Pinzon, but he failed to claim it for Spain.
In 1529, the Treaty of Saragossa, which divided Spanish and Portuguese interests in the Pacific Ocean, was signed. Portugal regained control of the Moluccas in return for compensation.
In 1724, Immanuel Kant, German philosopher, was born. One of the greatest thinkers, his work exerted a huge influence on all philosophy.
In 1766, Madame de Stael (Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker, Baronne de Stael-Holstein), notable French writer, was born. Best known for her theories on the new "Romanticism," she also achieved fame for her salon that catered to intellectuals.
In 1793, President George Washington issued a Proclamation of Neutrality to ensure that the United States did not become involved in the war between France and Britain.
In 1834, the Quadruple Alliance was formed by Britain, France, Portugal and Spain, supporting Isabella II's claim to the Spanish throne against Don Carlos.
In 1838, the British steamship Sirius became the first to cross the Atlantic from Britain to New York solely on steam power. The journey from Cork to New York took 18 days, 10 hours.
In 1870, Lenin, Russian Communist leader, was born Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov. Founder of the Communist Party and inspiration behind the Russian Revolution, he became the first Soviet head of state.
In 1881, Alexander Feodorovich Kerensky, Russian politician and prime minister, was born. Deposed by the Bolsheviks in 1917, he fled to France and then to the United States.
In 1889, land in Oklahoma, formerly in Indian hands, was opened to white settlers; about 50,000 settlers rushed in on the first day.
In 1904, Robert Oppenheimer, U.S. nuclear scientist, was born. He was head of the Los Alamos laboratories that developed the atom bomb.
In 1908, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Liberal statesman and politician, died. Prime minister from 1905, he gave self-government to the Transvaal.
In 1912, Kathleen Ferrier, British contralto singer, was born. She was best known for her emotional performances of Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" ("Song of the Earth").
In 1915, the second battle of Ypres started when German troops released clouds of deadly chlorine gas on British troops; it was the first major gas attack of World War I.
In 1916, Yehudi Menuhin, violinist, was born in New York. He gave his first professional performance at age 8. He took part in the famous 1932 recording of Elgar's violin concerto conducted by the composer.
In 1933, Sir Frederick Henry Royce, co-founder of the English car company Rolls-Royce, died.
In 1944, Allied forces landed on Dutch New Guinea at Hollandia in World War II.
In 1945, Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced that Cebu Island's capture had ended the Central Philippines campaign.
In 1964, Greville Wynn, British businessman imprisoned in Moscow in 1963 for spying, was exchanged for Gordon Lonsdale, in prison in London.
In 1969, British lone yachtsman Robin Knox-Johnston arrived at Falmouth after completing the first solo nonstop circumnavigation of the Earth in just 312 days.
In 1975, Honduran President Gen. Osvaldo Lopez Arellano was overthrown in a bloodless coup and replaced by Gen. Juan Alberto Melgar Castro.
In 1983, Australia expelled the first secretary of the Soviet Embassy, Valery Ivanov.
In 1984, Britain broke off diplomatic relations with Libya and ordered all Libyan embassy staff to leave within seven days.
In 1990, a U.S. hostage in Lebanon, Robert Polhill, was released; he had been held since January 24, 1987.
In 1990, Nigeria's ruling generals crushed a six-hour rebellion by junior officers.
In 1992, a series of underground gas explosions tore apart a working-class neighborhood in the Mexican city of Guadalajara, killing some 200 people.
In 1994, former U.S. President Richard Nixon died at age 81. He was the 37th president of the United States from 1969 until his resignation in 1974 amid the Watergate scandal.
In 1995, the Tutsi-dominated Rwandan army opened fire on Hutu refugees in the Kibeho refugee camp; death toll reports varied from 300 to 2,000.
In 1997, Peruvian troops stormed the Japanese ambassador's residence in Lima, freeing 71 hostages. One hostage, three soldiers and all 14 guerrillas were killed.
The Happiest Place on Earth is expanding. Animal Kingdom, Walt Disney World's newest and biggest theme park opens today -- Earth Day. If you can't be there in person, watch the happenings at the
Animal Kingdom's Virtual Grand Opening..
Today is Earth Day.
Actor Eddie Albert ("Green Acres") is 90.
TV host Byron Allen ("Real People") is 37.
Singer Glen Campbell ("Gentle on My Mind") is 63.
Singer Peter Frampton ("Show Me the Way") is 48.
Actor Chris Makepeace ("My Bodyguard") is 34.
Playwright Jason Miller ("That Championship Season") is 59.
Actor Jack Nicholson ("As Good as It Gets") is 62.
Writer and producer Aaron Spelling ("Melrose Place") is 70.
Filmmaker John Waters ("Hairspray") is 52.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan