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Monday, May 4, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Notable
  • Almanac archive
  • "I have literally tickled hundreds of rats."

    -- Researcher Jaak Panksepp

    Today's events

  • The Kent State Students Memorial Day will be observed.

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    On the horizon

  • On Tuesday, May 5, NATO chiefs of staff meet in Brussels.

  • On Wednesday, May 6, the Children and the Media conference will be held in Los Angeles to examine the media's portrayals of race and class and their impact on children.

  • On Thursday, May 7, the special Whitewater grand jury -- the second empaneled at Little Rock since 1994 -- is scheduled to expire. Its term cannot be extended.

  • On Friday, May 8, the Dalai Lama is scheduled to visit Brandeis University as part of his five-state tour of the United States.

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    On this day

  • In 1471, the Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians at the Battle of Tewkesbury in the Wars of the Roses.

  • In 1493, Pope Alexander VI, a Spaniard, decreed that all new lands discovered west of the Azores were Spanish.

  • In 1654, K'ang-hsi, fourth emperor of the Ch'ing dynasty, born.

  • In 1825, Thomas Henry Huxley, British naturalist and humanist and originator of the word agnostic, born.

  • In 1827, John Hanning Speke, British explorer, born; he was the first European to see Lake Victoria, which he claimed was the source of the Nile.

  • In 1852, the inspiration for the character in "Alice in Wonderland," Alice Liddell, was born, the daughter of British scholar Henry Liddell.

  • In 1882, Estelle Sylvia Pankhurst, British painter and suffragette, born; she was the third member of her family to fight for votes for women.

  • In 1918, Kakuei Tanaka, Japanese prime minister 1972-74, born. Disgraced later in the Lockheed bribery scandal, he was sentenced to four years in jail.

  • In 1919, students demonstrated in China against the Versailles Peace Conference decision to hand Germany's possessions in Shantung Province to Japan. Known as the May Fourth Movement, it led to the birth of the Chinese Communist Party.

  • In 1925, Luis Herrera Campins, Venezuelan president from 1978-84, born.

  • In 1928, Hosni Mubarak, president of Egypt since Anwar Sadat was assassinated in 1981, born.

  • In 1929, actress Audrey Hepburn born; she starred in such films as "Roman Holiday," "Breakfast at Tiffany's" and "My Fair Lady."

  • In 1932, Al Capone, the Mafia boss who became America's "Public Enemy Number One," began his prison sentence for tax evasion.

  • In 1938, Dr. Douglas Hyde became the first president of Ireland under its new constitution.

  • In 1942, the battle of the Coral Sea started in World War II, when naval and air battles began off the Solomon Islands.

  • In 1945, Field Marshal Montgomery announced that all enemy forces in the Netherlands, Northwest Germany and Denmark had surrendered unconditionally; The U.S. 7th Army captured Hitler's country retreat of Berchtesgaden.

  • In 1970, National Guards shot four students dead and wounded 11 at Kent State University, after demonstrations against the Vietnam War.

  • In 1979, Margaret Thatcher became Britain's first woman prime minister with a majority of 43 seats in the House of Commons.

  • In 1980, Yugoslav wartime partisan leader Josip Broz Tito died at age 87; he became leader of Yugoslavia in 1945 and president in 1953.

  • In 1989, Col. Oliver North was found guilty in the investigations into the Iran-Contra affair.

  • In 1993, the United States handed over command of multinational forces in Somalia to the United Nations.

  • In 1994, Israel and the PLO signed a historic agreement giving Palestinians in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip their first measure of freedom since the 1967 Middle East war.

  • In 1997, Wijayananda Dahanayake, former prime minister of Sri Lanka, died.

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    Researchers at the National Cancer Institute have used a two-drug treatment to eradicate cancerous tumors in mice. Learn more about the center, by clicking here



  • Singer Nickolas Ashford is 56.

  • Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is 70.

  • Writer David Guterson (Snow Falling on Cedars) is 42.

  • Opera singer Roberta Peters is 68.

  • Country legend Randy Travis is 39.

  • Columnist George Will is 57.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan

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