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Tuesday, May 5, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Notable
  • Almanac archive
  • "I'm defending the Cuban revolution in the sense that I live here and I work here. Let's imagine there is no free speech, no free press. ... I mean, are people suffering because of this?"

    -- Lorna Birdsdall, a U.S. woman who has lived in Cuba for 40 years

    Today's events

  • NATO chiefs of staff meet in Brussels.

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    On the horizon

  • On Wednesday, May 6, the Children and the Media conference will be held in Los Angeles to examine the media's portrayals of race and class and their impact on children.

  • On Thursday, May 7, the special Whitewater grand jury -- the second empaneled at Little Rock since 1994 -- is scheduled to expire. Its term cannot be extended.

  • On Friday, May 8, the Dalai Lama is scheduled to visit Brandeis University as part of his five-state tour of the United States.

  • On Saturday, May 9, Vice President Gore delivers the commencement address at South Carolina State University.

  • On Sunday, May 10, national elections will be held in Hungary.

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    On this day

  • In 1646, following his defeat at the battle of Naseby in the English Civil War, Charles I surrendered to a Scottish army at Newark.

  • In 1705, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, died. Emperor since 1658, he sought to regain political institutions and organize the army.

  • In 1760, Earl Ferrers, the last British peer to be executed, was hanged in London for murdering his steward.

  • In 1818, Karl Marx was born; he was the early theorist of modern socialism and communism, and together with Friedrich Engels wrote the Communist Manifesto in 1848.

  • In 1821, Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France and conqueror of much of Europe, died a British prisoner on the island of St. Helena.

  • In 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi and his "Thousand Redshirts" sailed from Genoa to conquer Sicily and Naples.

  • In 1862, in the American Civil War, the Confederates, with 32,000 men under Longstreet, succeeded in blocking 40,000 Federal troops at the battle of Williamsburg.

  • In 1864, the battle of the Wilderness started in the American Civil War. Gen. Robert Lee had just over 60,000 men against Grant's 100,000 men but the Confederates heavily defeated the Federal troops who lost over 17,000 men.

  • In 1867, Nellie Bly, U.S. reporter who pioneered investigative journalism, was born. Attempting to beat the fictional Phileas Fogg, she traveled around the world in 72 days.

  • In 1867, in the Mexican-French Wars, the French with 7,000 men under Comte de Lorencez were defeated by the Mexicans at the battle of Puebla.

  • In 1893, stocks in New York dropped sharply as investors sold at the start of the "panic of 1893."

  • In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi was arrested by the British in India after his campaign of disobedience.

  • In 1930, Amy Johnson began the first solo flight by a woman between England and Australia.

  • In 1936, Italian troops under Field Marshal Badoglio took Addis Ababa in Ethiopia (Abyssinia). On the same date in 1941, Emperor Haile Selassie reentered the capital after the country had been liberated.

  • In 1942, a combined British military and naval force landed on Madagascar and by the afternoon the town of Diego Suarez was captured.

  • In 1945, in Austria, French politicians Reynaud and Daladier and former Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg, imprisoned by the Nazis, were released; Russian forces captured the town of Peenemunde where V1 and V2 rockets were launched; U.S. forces liberated Austria's Mauthausen concentration camp; poet Ezra Pound was arrested in Italy for treason.

  • In 1950, the coronation of King Phumiphon of Siam took place and he assumed the title of Rama IX.

  • In 1955, the Federal Republic of Germany became a sovereign state after the Allied High Commission dissolved itself.

  • In 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space in a 15-minute suborbital flight in a Mercury spacecraft.

  • In 1965, a cease-fire was signed between rebels and the military junta in the Dominican Republic civil war.

  • In 1979, terrorists in El Salvador stormed the French, Venezuelan and Costa Rican embassies demanding the release of political prisoners.

  • In 1980, in London, troops of the SAS stormed the Iranian Embassy, killing four of the five gunmen who took over the building and seized hostages.

  • In 1981, Bobby Sands became the first of the 10 IRA hunger strikers to die in the Maze prison, Northern Ireland.

  • In 1993, Irving Howe, writer and intellectual who wrote "World of Our Fathers," died.

  • In 1994, Singapore carried out a controversial caning sentence imposed for vandalism on U.S. teen-ager Michael Fay.

  • In 1996, King Juan Carlos swore in conservative leader Jose Maria Aznar as Spanish prime minister, opening a new era in Spanish politics after 13 years of Socialist rule.

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  • Japan and Korea celebrate Children's Day.

  • It is Constitution Day in Kyrzygstan.

  • It is Coronation Day in Thailand.

  • Mexico celebrates Cinco de Mayo.

  • Actor Richard E. Grant ("L.A. Story") is 41.

  • Actor Lance Henriksen ("Dog Day Afternoon") is 55.

  • Actor Jean-Pierre Leaud ("Love at 20") is 54.

  • Actor Michael Murphy ("Nashville") is 60.

  • Actor Michael Palin ("A Fish Called Wanda") is 55.

  • Actress Tina Yothers ("Family Ties") is 25.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan

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