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Monday, May 18, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Notable
  • Almanac archive
  • "It's a matter of when, not if, Pakistan will test."

    -- Pakistani Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan

    Today's events

  • The Socialist International annual meeting is to be held in Norway.

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    On the horizon

  • On Tuesday, May 19, the National Geography Bee finals will be held in Washington.

  • On Wednesday, May 20, Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan will unveil a redesigned $20 bill.

  • On Thursday, May 21, the Sons of Italy Foundation will honor the late Frank Sinatra at its 10th annual gala.

  • On Friday, May 22, voter referendums on the Northern Ireland peace agreement are to be held in Belfast and Dublin.

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    On this day

  • In 1152, Eleanor, duchess of Aquitaine and recently divorced from King Louis VII of France, married Henry Plantagenet (later Henry II of England) at Poitiers.

  • In 1291, the Sultan of Egypt and his son Ashraf took Acre, the last Christian stronghold in the Holy Land.

  • In 1799, Pierre Beaumarchais, French playwright, died. He wrote the two comedies "The Marriage of Figaro" and "The Barber of Seville."

  • In 1803, Britain declared war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continued his interference in Italy and Switzerland.

  • In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor of France. He was crowned on December 2, 1804.

  • In 1868, Nicholas II, last czar of Russia, born. The eldest son of Czar Alexander III, he was overthrown in the 1917 Russian Revolution and executed with his family the following year.

  • In 1872, Bertrand Russell, British philosopher and mathematician, born. One of the world's outstanding philosophers, his views on peace and disarmament earned him two spells in prison. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950.

  • In 1883, Walter Adolph Gropius, German architect and a founder of the Bauhaus movement, born. He became professor of architecture at Harvard.

  • In 1897, Frank Capra, screenwriter, director and producer, born in Italy. He won three Oscars for "It Happened One Night," "Mr. Deeds Goes to Town" and "You Can't Take It With You."

  • In 1911, Gustav Mahler, Czech-born Austrian composer, died. He completed nine symphonies and several song-cycles notably "Das Lied von der Erde."

  • In 1912, Perry Como, U.S. singer and entertainer, born; he became a superstar with such easy-listening ballads as "Magic Moments," "Catch a Falling Star" and "It's Impossible."

  • In 1919, Margot Fonteyn, British prima ballerina, born. She began her career with the London Sadler's Wells company in 1934 and in 1962 began a legendary partnership with Rudolph Nureyev.

  • In 1920, Pope John Paul II born as Karol Wojtyla near Krakow, Poland. In 1978, he became the first non-Italian Pope for 455 years.

  • In 1944, in the Soviet Union, the expulsion began of more than 200,000 Tatars from the Crimea. They were accused of collaboration with the Germans.

  • In 1951, the U.N. General Assembley passed a resolution banning shipment of strategic materials to China.

  • In 1969, the U.S spacecraft Apollo 10 was launched on a mission to rehearse for a moon landing.

  • In 1974, India became a nuclear power when its first bomb was successfully exploded in the Rajasthan Desert.

  • In 1977, the United States, the Soviet Union and 29 other nations signed a U.N. pact banning artificial use of the weather as a weapon of war, pledging never to attack each other by triggering storms, earthquakes or tidal waves.

  • In 1980, Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state erupted, creating a cloud of ash 2,500 miles long and 1,000 miles wide.

  • In 1990, the two Germanys signed a monetary union treaty, the first step on the road to unification.

  • In 1992, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees said the civil war in Yugoslavia had pushed over 1.3 million people from their homes and created Europe's worst refugee crisis since World War II.

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    Mount St. Helens erupted 18 years ago today, sending a plume of smoke and ash that blanketed the Pacific Northwest. Learn more about the massive volcanic eruption by clicking here.



  • Australia marks Adelaide Cup Day.

  • Canada celebrates Victoria Day.

  • Cayman Islands observes Discovery Day.

  • It's Flag Day in Haiti.

  • Portugal marks Ponta Delgada.

  • Uruguay observes Las Piedras Battle.

  • Entertainer Perry Como is 86.

  • Pope John Paul II is 78.

  • Baseball legend Reggie Jackson is 52.

  • Actor Robert Morse (The Loved One) is 67.

  • Actor Pernell Roberts ("Bonanza") is 70.

  • Actor James Stephens ("The Paper Chase") is 47.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan

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