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  Daily Almanac
Today's Events | On Horizon | On This Day | Newslink | Notable | Almanac archive

Monday, July 13, 1998

quote   We have shown the world we're the best at football. Now we'll show them we're the best at partying.

-- Simone Perchais, a French fan after his team won the World Cup 3-0 over Brazil


today's events

  • The Abraham Zapruder film of the John F. Kennedy assassination is to be released on videotape.

on the horizon

  • On Tuesday, July 14, Bastille Day is celebrated in France.

  • On Wednesday, July 15, a hearing will be held in White Plains, New York, for John A. "Junior" Gotti, 34. He's accused of robbery, extortion, loansharking, gambling and fraud.

  • On Thursday, July 16, Syrian President Hafez Assad visits France.

  • On Friday, July 17, U.S. President Bill Clinton is tentatively scheduled to visit Little Rock, Arkansas.

  • On Saturday, July 18, the official ceremony to unveil the African-American Civil War Memorial is to be held in Washington.


The NAACP held its annual convention in Atlanta this weekend. Learn more about the nation's oldest civil rights organization by clicking here.

  • France marks Bank holiday.
  • Kiribati celebrates Independence Day.
  • New Caledonia observes National Day.
  • Actor Harrison Ford is 56.
  • Actor Robert Forster (Reflections in a Golden Eye) is 57.
  • Politician and former football player Jack Kemp is 63.
  • Country singer Louise Mandrell is 44.
  • Writer, actor Cheech Marin (Cheech and Chong films) is 52.
  • Rubik's Cube inventor Erno Rubik is 54.
  • Author Wole Soyinka ("The Strong Breed") is 64.
  • Boxer Michael Spinks is 42.
  • Actor Patrick Stewart (Excalibur) is 58.
  • Author David Storey ("The Performance of Small Firms") is 65.
  • Basketball player Spud Webb is 35.

on this day

  • In 1558, the French under Marshal de Thermes were heavily defeated by the Flemings and their allies, aided by the English fleet, at the battle of Gravelines in the Valois Hapsburg War

  • In 1643, English parliamentarians were defeated by the Royalists under Prince Maurice at the battle of Roundway Down in the English Civil War.

  • In 1793, Charlotte Corday murdered French revolutionary Jean Paul Marat in his bath. She was guillotined four days later.

  • In 1837, Queen Victoria became the first British monarch to live in the present Buckingham Palace.

  • In 1841, the Straits Convention was signed by the major European powers, guaranteeing the independence of the Ottoman Empire. It also proclaimed the Bosporus and the Dardanelles closed to warships in peacetime.

  • In 1878, the Ottoman Empire was further dissolved with the signing of the Treaty of Berlin. The Caucasus were given to Russia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to Austria. Romania became independent and the treaty also confirmed Britain's right to occupy Cyprus.

  • In 1882, the British succeeded in destroying forts built by the Arabi Pasha threatening the Suez Canal after three days of firing by battleships led by Sir Beauchamp Seymour in the Egyptian rebellion.

  • In 1919, the British airship R34 landed back in Norfolk after making the first-ever Atlantic aerial round-trip. It set out from Scotland to the United States on July 2.

  • In 1930, the first-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Montevideo, Uruguay, with 13 teams taking part.

  • In 1943, the greatest tank battle in history ended with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, south of Moscow. Almost 6,000 tanks took part and 2,900 were lost by Germany. There were at least 230,000 casualties in the battle.

  • In 1944, the Russian army captured the city of Vilna in Lithuania.

  • In 1955, Ruth Ellis became the last woman to be hanged in Britain after she had murdered her lover.

  • In 1960, John F. Kennedy won the Democratic nomination to run for president of the United States, beating Senator Lyndon Johnson.

  • In 1977, a massive power failure at 9.34 p.m. caused a huge blackout all over New York City. Looting and rioting broke out, with police arresting at least 3,000 looters.

  • In 1978, Soviet dissident Alexander Ginzburg was sentenced to eight years in a labor camp.

  • In 1992, Yitzhak Rabin took over as Israeli prime minister with an immediate offer to travel to the capitals of his Arab enemies in search of Middle East peace.

  • In 1997, Miguel Angel Blanco, a member of Spain's ruling party, died of wounds after being kidnapped and shot twice in the head by Basque separatist guerrillas.

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