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Sunday, July 19, 1998
The African-American soldiers who served in the Union Army fought not only for the preservation of the Union but for their own freedom from slavery.
Army Lt. Gen. Joe Ballard at the unveiling of a monument honoring black Civil War soldiers
- The 1998 Goodwill Games begin in New York.
- On Monday, July 20, Burundi peace talks are scheduled to resume in Tanzania.
- On Tuesday, July 21, INET '98, a conference focusing on the evolution of the Internet, opens in Geneva.
- On Wednesday, July 22, U.S. Vice President Al Gore is expected to be in Ukraine.
- On Thursday, July 23, the announcement of the nominees for the 50th annual Emmy Awards will be made in Los Angeles.
- On Friday, July 24, the rescheduled start of trial for Whitewater figure Susan McDougal is set to begin in Santa Monica.
The world's best athletes gather in New York today to kick off the Goodwill Games. For more, visit the Games' official site.
- Malaysia observes Yang DiPertua Besar's Birthday.
- Nicaragua celebrates Liberation Day.
- Myanmar marks Martyrs Day.
- Singer Vikki Carr ("It Must Be Him") is 57.
- Actor Anthony Edwards ("ER") is 36.
- Actress Clea Lewis (Audrey on "Ellen") is 33.
- Tennis player Illie Nastase is 52.
- In 1333, the Scots army was defeated by Edward III of England at the Battle of Halidon Hill.
- In 1588, the Spanish Armada was first sighted off the Cornish coast of England.
- In 1553, Lady Jane Grey was deposed and Mary Tudor was proclaimed Queen of England.
- In 1610, Basil Shuisky, Czar of Russia, was deposed after a
Swedish army was forced to surrender following a failed bid to rid Russia of its Polish invaders.
- In 1821, George IV of England was crowned king; he refused to allow his estranged queen Caroline to attend the coronation.
- In 1837, British civil engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel's "Great Western" steamship was launched from Bristol; on the same day in 1843, his "Great Britain," the first Atlantic
liner built of iron, was launched.
- In 1843, a new form of female dress, Bloomers, were first introduced by their inventor Amelia Jenks Bloomer.
- In 1870, France declared war on Prussia, heralding the start of the Franco-Prussian war.
- In 1877, the first Wimbledon tennis final took place; it was
won by Spencer Gore.
- In 1900, the Paris Metro underground system was opened.
- In 1907, the Emperor of Korea, a Japanese protectorate, was forced to abdicate in favor of his son.
- In 1941, Winston Churchill introduced his "V for Victory" campaign which rapidly spread through Europe. The BBC took the first four notes of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, which matched the dot-dot-dot-dash Morse code for the letter V, and played it before news bulletins.
- In 1949, Laos became an independent state within the French
- In 1974, Spanish leader General Franco temporarily handed over power to his designated successor, Prince Juan Carlos, because of illness.
- In 1980, the 22nd Olympics opened in Moscow with more than 45
nations boycotting the games in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
- In 1989, Poland's National Assembly elected Communist leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski president by a one-vote margin.
- In 1992, a car bomb killed Paolo Borsellino, a leading anti-Mafia judge in Palermo, Sicily.
- In 1993, Pakistani President Ishaq Khan and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif agreed to resign to pave the way for October elections.
- In 1995, Bosnian Serb forces surrounded Zepa and demanded the surrender of the enclave.
- In 1996, Mohammed Ali lit the flame that opened the Olympic Games in Atlanta.
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