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Sunday, August 23, 1998
Life and death were blasted together. Death carried life and peace away.
Rev. Kevin Mullan on last Saturday's bombing in Northern Ireland
- The World Conference on Volunteerism is scheduled to begin in Edmonton, Alberta.
- Top researchers gather in Baltimore for the 1998 meeting of the Institute of Human Virology.
- On Monday, August, 24, a trial is scheduled to be held in Kansas City, Missouri, for a woman claiming a radio talk show host defamed her by reporting that former Sen. Bob Dole helped her get an abortion in the early 1970s.
- On Tuesday, August 25, a pretrial conference is scheduled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, for Stephen Fagan, the father charged with kidnapping his two daughters nearly 20 years ago.
- On Wednesday, August 26, President Jacques Chirac receives ambassadors is scheduled to make his annual policy speech.
- On Thursday, August 27, the Smithsonian is set to unveil Minerva, an intelligent mobile robot that will give tours at the National Museum of American History in Washington.
- On Friday, August 28, a hearing is scheduled in Chicago for two boys, ages 7 and 8, accused in the murder of an 11-year-old girl.
The Institute of Human Virology begins its 1998 meeting today, lasting through August 29. For more information on speakers and topics, click here.
- Actor Tony Bill ("Pee-wee's Big Adventure") is 58.
- Actress Barbara Eden ("I Dream of Jeannie") is 64.
- Pro Football Hall of Famer Sonny Jurgensen is 64.
- Actress Shelly Long ("Cheers") is 49.
- Dancer Patricia McBride is 56.
- Actress Vera Miles ("Psycho") is 68.
- Political comedian Mark Russell is 66.
- Actor Richard Sanders ("Berrengers") is 58.
- Singer Rick Springfield is 49.
- In 1305, William Wallace, Scottish patriot and a leader of the struggle against the English, was hanged, drawn and quartered in London.
- In 1628, the 1st Duke of Buckingham, an influential but unpopular English statesman, was assassinated at Portsmouth.
- In 1754, Louis XVI of France was born. Reigning from 1774 until the office of King was abolished in 1792 during the French Revolution, he was guillotined on January 21, 1793.
- In 1785, Oliver Hazard Perry, U.S. naval officer, was born. He became a national hero when he defeated a British squadron in the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.
- In 1813, during the Napoleonic wars, a Prussian force drove back the French at the Battle of Grossbeeren.
- In 1821, Mexico was declared independent of Spain by the Treaty of Aquala.
- In 1864, Eleutherios Venizelos, Greek statesman, diplomat, was born. He was prime minister five times from 1910-33.
- In 1866, the Treaty of Prague was signed, formally ending the Seven Weeks' War between Austria and Prussian-led German states.
- In 1912, Gene Kelly, U.S. film actor, choreographer and dancer, was born. He starred in films such as "Anchors Aweigh," "On the Town," and "Singin' in the Rain."
- In 1914, Japan declared war on Germany.
- In 1921, Feisal I was installed as King of Iraq.
- In 1926, Rudolph Valentino, American film actor, died at age 31. Idolized by women as the "Great Lover," he starred in films such as "The Sheik," "Blood and Sand," "The Eagle" and "The Son of the Sheik."
- In 1927, two Italian-born anarchists, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, were executed in Massachusetts despite worldwide protests they were innocent.
- In 1939, Hitler and Stalin signed a non-aggression pact, leaving the way open for Germany to attack Poland.
- In 1942, the Battle of Stalingrad began. Although the Germans shelled the city to rubble, the Russians fought back and after six months the Germans surrendered.
- In 1944, King Michael of Romania ordered his armed forces to cease-fire against the Allies and dismissed the pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu.
- In 1961, Ranger I, first in a series of successful lunar probes, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
- In 1961, East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West and East Berlin. In retaliation, the Western powers placed tanks and 1,000 troops along the Berlin Wall.
- In 1979, Bolshoi Ballet star Alexander Godunov sought and received political asylum in the United States.
- In 1980, the Polish government agreed to negotiate directly with striking Gdansk shipworkers.
- In 1982, Christian militia leader Bashir Gemayel was elected president of Lebanon.
- In 1989, citizens of the Soviet Union's Baltic states marked the 50th anniversary of the Soviet-Nazi pact which led to their incorporation into the Soviet empire by forming a 300-kilometer (180-mile) human chain for freedom.
- In 1990, Armenia declared independence from Moscow.
- In 1990, East and West Germany announced that they would unite on October 3, healing four decades of post-World War II division.
- In 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein appeared on television with British hostages held at "a vital Iraqi installation."
- In 1991, radical Moscow city leaders took control of the Soviet Communist Party's headquarters, seizing documents and sealing offices, as anti-communism swept the nation in the wake of a failed hardline coup.
- In 1997, Zambian police shot and wounded former president Kenneth Kaunda at an opposition rally in Kabwe.
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